Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 1362
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McMartin Kristen I - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To compare lung concentrations of nicotine and cotinine in cases of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) and controls. DESIGN/METHODS: We measured lung tissue concentrations of nicotine and cotinine in SIDS (n = 44) and non-SIDS cases (n = 29) stratified according to household smoking status. RESULTS: When all the ...
Arnestad M - - 2002
AIM: To investigate whether all substitutions in the first hypervariable region (HVR1) in sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) can be recovered along the maternal line of the family (inherited), or whether SIDS victims have new substitutions compared to maternal relatives (somatic mutations) that may be related to environmental factors. METHODS: ...
Edner A - - 2002
AIM: To determine instantaneous cardiac variability responses to increased carbon dioxide (CO2) during quiet sleep in infants who may be at risk for the Sudden Infant Death syndrome (SIDS). METHODS: The cardiac rate variability before, during and after a CO2 challenge was examined in 41 infants who had experienced an ...
Gershan William M - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: The incidence of the Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) has decreased significantly in the United States since the 1992 recommendation that healthy term infants be placed on their backs or sides during sleep. However, little is known regarding the effect that this recommendation has had on the incidence and ...
Dettmeyer Reinhard - - 2002
Immunohistochemical and molecular-pathologic techniques have improved the diagnosis of myocarditis as compared with conventional histologic staining methods done according to the Dallas criteria. Most investigations were carried out on adults, and only a few authors investigating childhood deaths applied these modern methods, used for diagnosing myocarditis. We report on four ...
Klonoff-Cohen Hillary S - - 2002
The purpose of this study was to evaluate specific pregnancy and labour and delivery events that may increase the risk of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). A matched case-control study was conducted in five counties in southern California, using California death certificate records. The sample consisted of 239 Caucasian, African-American, ...
Caddell J L - - 2001
Reports of studies in humans as well as data from several animal models show the importance of maternal dietary magnesium for the growth, development and survival of offspring. Published findings in mothers of victims of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) and in the SIDS victims are compared with characteristics of ...
Krous H F - - 2001
Oronasal secretions are observed frequently in sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), but overt blood is uncommonly reported. The literature on oronasal blood in sudden infant death is limited. The goal of this study was to determine the frequency of oronasal blood in sudden infant deaths and to examine possible causative ...
Paris C A - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To quantify the decreased incidence of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) and investigate risk profile changes associated with changes in infant sleep position. DESIGN: A population-based case-control study that used birth and death certificates from Washington State. Cases (n = 1515) were all singletons born in Washington between 1985 ...
Aryayev N - - 2001
The results of the research, which are carried out according to two international programs on studying and prevention of the sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), are submitted in the article. The features of ante- and perinatal periods, characteristics of obstetric history of the mothers of deceased babies are analyzed, the ...
Ho G Y - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: The cause of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is unknown, but our previous hypothesis proposed that Helicobacter pylori could be a causative organism. In this study, we aimed to test this hypothesis by examining gastric and tracheal tissues from a prospective cohort of SIDS infants and re-examining previously studied ...
George M - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Previous studies indicate that the enteral bacterial urease is inhibited in victims of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). One possible inhibitor of this bacterial activity is nitrate. If ambient pollution by nitrate is involved in the etiology of SIDS only a fraction of the nitrate concentration not infrequently found ...
Buckley M G - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Sudden Infant Death Syndrome, (SIDS) or cot death, remains the most common category of post-perinatal death in the UK. By definition, the cause of death is unknown, but a long-standing theory is that some of these deaths could be the result of anaphylaxis. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the potential contribution ...
Flick L - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: To describe beliefs about infant sleep position among African American grandmothers and other older caregivers (senior caregivers [SCGs]) and to measure the incremental effect on the rates of prone sleep after educating a group of African American SCGs. DESIGN: Survey of sleep practices and beliefs. Randomized, controlled trial of ...
Rockwell F S - - 2001
Following reports of high infant mortality in Central Vancouver Island, total and cause-specific infant death rates (IDR) for Status Indians and for Other Residents of Vancouver Island (VI) were compared to those for their counterparts in the rest of the province (RoP). Data for 1991-97, in which Status Indians had ...
Randall B - - 2001
The 2000 Annual Report of the Regional Infant and Child Mortality Review Committee (RICMRC) is presented. Our Regional (Minneahaha, Lincoln, Turner, and McCook Counties) incidence for Sudden Infant Death (SIDS) was much lower in 2000 than seen previously in 1999 and 1998. It remains to be seen if this is ...
Kato I - - 2001
We compared the breathing characteristics of 40 infants who subsequently died of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) with those of 607 healthy infants matched for sex and age. The infants were between 2 and 19 wk old at the time of recording. Compared with the control group, the infants who ...
Douglas T A - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: To assess awareness of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) and risk reducing recommendations in a sample of mothers in North Queensland, Australia, and to examine their infant care practices. METHOD: Interviews conducted with 195 women using a standardized questionnaire between October 1997 and January 1998. RESULTS: 191 questionnaires analyzed; ...
Persson S - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether there was a correlation between the incidence of infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis (IHPS) and the incidence of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) during the period 1970 to 1997 and to discuss different causative factors that could be influencing the changing trend in incidence. METHODS: We compared ...
Gessner B D - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To determine the contribution of prone sleeping, bed sharing, and sleeping outside an infant crib to sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). METHODS: We conducted a retrospective descriptive study of all SIDS cases in Alaska from January 1, 1992, through December 31, 1997. Reviewed data sources included maternal and infant ...
Caddell J L - - 2001
A triple risk model for the sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) as described by Filiano and Kinney involves the intersection of three risks: (1) a vulnerable infant, (2) a critical developmental period in homeostatic control, and (3) an exogenous stressor(s). The triple risk model aptly describes the dynamics of an ...
Lonsdale D - - 2001
Over the past 30 years or more, the problem of sudden, unexplained death in infants (SIDS) has made little headway. Many hypotheses have been offered but the basic cause remains elusive. The only successful prevention has been made by the supine sleeping posture. There is still, however, a hard core ...
Töro K - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To study the distribution of prenatal and postnatal risk factors for sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). DESIGN: A questionnaire-based survey for SIDS risk factors; family interviews were performed among the parents of SIDS victims and symptom-free infants. SETTING: The survey was conducted in paediatric primary health care units in ...
Becroft D M - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Fresh intrapulmonary and oronasal haemorrhages in cases of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) might be markers for accidental or intentional smothering inappropriately diagnosed as SIDS. AIM: To compare the incidence, epidemiological association, and inter-relation of nasal haemorrhage, intrapulmonary haemorrhage, and intrathoracic petechiae in infant deaths certified as SIDS. METHODS: ...
Arnestad M - - 2001
AIM: To look for changes in risk factors for sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) after decrease and stabilisation of the SIDS rate. METHODS: Questionnaires were distributed to parents of 174 SIDS infants, dying between 1984 and 1998, and 375 age and sex matched controls in southeast Norway. RESULTS: The proportion ...
Nelson E A EA Department of Paediatrics, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, 6/F Clinical Science Building, Prince of Wales Hospital, Shatin, Hong Kong, China. - - 2001
The International Child Care Practices Study (ICCPS) collected descriptive data from 21 centres in 17 countries. In this report, data are presented on the key sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) risk factors of infant sleep position and parental smoking. Using a standardised protocol, parents of infants were surveyed at birth ...
Klonoff-Cohen H - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether maternal or paternal use of cocaine, opiates, or marijuana during conception and pregnancy and postnatally increases the risk of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) during the first year of the infant's life. This is an important issue and may prove useful in further decreasing the rate ...
Kum-Nji P - - 2001
Since the "Back to Sleep" campaign in 1994, which encouraged positioning infants on their backs for sleeping, the incidence of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) has decreased dramatically in the United states but remains high in some rural Mississippi communities. We discuss some of the hypotheses and etiologic factors of ...
Matturri L - - 2001
Aim of this study is to determine the expression of apoptosis and Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen (PCNA) in the cardiac conduction system in crib death and explained death (ED) cases. Postnatal morphogenesis of the conducting tissue is an important part of its normal development. In the atrio-ventricular node (AVN) and ...
Pollack H A - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: To compare changing incidence and changing risk factors associated with sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) in the 1989 and 1996 US birth cohorts. STUDY DESIGN: All available singleton births over 500 g from the 1989 linked birth-infant death file and the 1996 and 1997 Perinatal Mortality files were examined. ...
Delzell J E JE - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is a major cause of infant mortality and is associated with the prone sleeping position. The goal of this study was to determine changes in newborn nursery policies and practices regarding infant sleeping position between 1992 and 1999. STUDY DESIGN: The researchers conducted telephone ...
Beech D J - - 2001
Previous research has demonstrated impaired renal development, particularly with respect to glomerular number, in victims of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). The present study used stereological principles to estimate the volume of the upper lobe of the right lung, total number of terminal bronchiolar duct endings (TBDE), and gas exchange ...
Kamaras J - - 2001
Sections of the duodenum, jejunum, ileum, caecum and large intestine from 14 sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) babies were examined by scanning (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The type and amount of damage was characterised and quantitated and compared with the presence of Clostridium perfringens, Clostridium difficile, Escherichia coli ...
Töro K - - 2001
We examined the sex ratio in sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) cases in Hungary, in Tokyo and Japan between 1985 and 1996. From all the infant death cases in Hungary 395 (240 male, 155 female) were SIDS (odds ratio (OR)=1.179, with 95% confidence interval (CI)=0.961, 1.446), in Japan 4348 (2550 ...
Fleming P J - - 2001
To investigate whether the accelerated immunisation programme in the United Kingdom is associated, after adjustment for potential confounding, with the sudden infant death syndrome. Population based case-control study, February 1993 to March 1996. Parental interviews were conducted for each death and for four controls matched for age, locality, and time ...
Sullivan F M - - 2001
Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) accounts for the largest number of deaths during the first year of life in developed countries. The possible causes of SIDS are numerous and, to date, there is no adequate unifying pathological explanation for SIDS. Epidemiological studies have played a key role in identifying risk ...
Williams F L - - 2001
Using a cohort study of all deaths in infants under 12 months in Dundee born between 1882-91 we set out to compare the aetiology of sudden unexpected infant deaths in Dundee at the end of the 19th Century with the aetiology of present day Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS). During ...
Nelson E A - - 2001
BACKGROUND: The International Child Care Practices Study (ICCPS) has collected descriptive data from 21 centres in 17 countries. In this report, data are presented on the infant sleeping environment with the main focus being sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) risk factors (bedsharing and infant using a pillow) and protective factors ...
Guntheroth W G - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To assess the role of thermal stress in the cause of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), and to compare risk factors with those of rebreathing. METHODOLOGY: Analysis of publications concerning the epidemiology and physiology of thermal stress in SIDS. RESULTS: A strong association between thermal regulation and ventilatory control ...
Mitchell E A EA Department of Paediatrics, University of Auckland, New Zealand. - - 2001
Three studies were undertaken: (i) a nation-wide case-control study for sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), with 393 cases and 1592 controls, examined the association between parental reported apnoea and SIDS; (ii) a case-cohort study, with 84 cases of parental reported apnoea and 1502 controls, aimed to identify risk factors for ...
Goldwater P N - - 2001
A more robust theory of the causation of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is needed. The asphyxial theory of SIDS, which encompasses the prone sleeping position, relies on contradictory pathological evidence and fails to explain infants with SIDS who are found in the supine or lateral position. Many of the ...
Reid G M - - 2001
Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) has been described as a silent unexpected death during sleep. Infants with near-miss SIDS have shown a higher heart rate and diminished heart rate variability during sleep. Non-rapid-eye-movement (NREM) sleep rate variability was related to respiration. A decreased heart rate variability was also observed in ...
Morgan D J - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Recently Pneumocystis carinii has been identified in a significant number of infants diagnosed as having died from sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) in South America and Europe. METHODS: We examined lung sections of 79 infants who died with a diagnosis of SIDS in Rochester, NY, and Connecticut for the ...
Flick L - - 2001
Soft bedding increases the risk for death among prone infants. We compared the softness of beds and bedding and infant sleep position for infants sleeping alone and for those bed sharing. STUDY DESIGN: Questionnaires were used to record the bedding and sleep practices of 218 consecutive African American infants. Enrollment ...
Carroll-Pankhurst C - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To assess the role of parental bedsharing in sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS)-like deaths, this study examines the hypothesis that, compared with other SIDS cases, the age distribution of deaths associated with bedsharing should be lower in younger, less vigorous infants. METHODS: For 84 SIDS cases in Cleveland, Ohio, ...
Krous H F - - 2001
It has been hypothesized that some cases of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) are a result of neck extension and/or rotation that causes vertebral artery (VA) compression and brain stem ischemia. There is a paucity of relevant literature on this topic. Therefore, our aim was to compare neck rotation and ...
Krous H F - - 2001
Previous studies have not addressed the relationship of intrathoracic petechiae (IP) to the position of the face when a caretaker finds a victim of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). The aims of this retrospective study were to determine (1) the rate of the facedown position in SIDS (not to be ...
Pollack H A - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: This study analyzed the relationship between prenatal maternal smoking and sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) and examined the cost-effectiveness of smoking cessation interventions. METHODS: All recorded US singleton SIDS deaths from the 1995 birth cohort with birthweight exceeding 500 g were investigated. Infants with available maternal smoking data were ...
Caddell J L - - 2001
A review was published (1991) of 19 retrospective case-control studies that had investigated the relationship between prone sleeping position (on the stomach) and the sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). These studies, which had been conducted between 1965 and 1990 in New Zealand, Australia, England, France and the Netherlands, showed an ...
Carbone T - - 2001
AIMS: To evaluate parental compliance with home cardiorespiratory monitoring of premature infants with apnoea, siblings of infants who died of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), and infants with an apparent life threatening event (ALTE), during the first month of use. METHODS: A retrospective review of the first month's recordings was ...
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