Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 1345
< 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 >
Kato I - - 2001
We compared the breathing characteristics of 40 infants who subsequently died of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) with those of 607 healthy infants matched for sex and age. The infants were between 2 and 19 wk old at the time of recording. Compared with the control group, the infants who ...
Douglas T A - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: To assess awareness of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) and risk reducing recommendations in a sample of mothers in North Queensland, Australia, and to examine their infant care practices. METHOD: Interviews conducted with 195 women using a standardized questionnaire between October 1997 and January 1998. RESULTS: 191 questionnaires analyzed; ...
Persson S - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether there was a correlation between the incidence of infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis (IHPS) and the incidence of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) during the period 1970 to 1997 and to discuss different causative factors that could be influencing the changing trend in incidence. METHODS: We compared ...
Gessner B D - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To determine the contribution of prone sleeping, bed sharing, and sleeping outside an infant crib to sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). METHODS: We conducted a retrospective descriptive study of all SIDS cases in Alaska from January 1, 1992, through December 31, 1997. Reviewed data sources included maternal and infant ...
Caddell J L - - 2001
A triple risk model for the sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) as described by Filiano and Kinney involves the intersection of three risks: (1) a vulnerable infant, (2) a critical developmental period in homeostatic control, and (3) an exogenous stressor(s). The triple risk model aptly describes the dynamics of an ...
Lonsdale D - - 2001
Over the past 30 years or more, the problem of sudden, unexplained death in infants (SIDS) has made little headway. Many hypotheses have been offered but the basic cause remains elusive. The only successful prevention has been made by the supine sleeping posture. There is still, however, a hard core ...
Töro K - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To study the distribution of prenatal and postnatal risk factors for sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). DESIGN: A questionnaire-based survey for SIDS risk factors; family interviews were performed among the parents of SIDS victims and symptom-free infants. SETTING: The survey was conducted in paediatric primary health care units in ...
Becroft D M - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Fresh intrapulmonary and oronasal haemorrhages in cases of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) might be markers for accidental or intentional smothering inappropriately diagnosed as SIDS. AIM: To compare the incidence, epidemiological association, and inter-relation of nasal haemorrhage, intrapulmonary haemorrhage, and intrathoracic petechiae in infant deaths certified as SIDS. METHODS: ...
Nelson E A - - 2001
The International Child Care Practices Study (ICCPS) collected descriptive data from 21 centres in 17 countries. In this report, data are presented on the key sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) risk factors of infant sleep position and parental smoking.Methods: Using a standardised protocol, parents of infants were surveyed at birth ...
Arnestad M - - 2001
AIM: To look for changes in risk factors for sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) after decrease and stabilisation of the SIDS rate. METHODS: Questionnaires were distributed to parents of 174 SIDS infants, dying between 1984 and 1998, and 375 age and sex matched controls in southeast Norway. RESULTS: The proportion ...
Klonoff-Cohen H - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether maternal or paternal use of cocaine, opiates, or marijuana during conception and pregnancy and postnatally increases the risk of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) during the first year of the infant's life. This is an important issue and may prove useful in further decreasing the rate ...
Kum-Nji P - - 2001
Since the "Back to Sleep" campaign in 1994, which encouraged positioning infants on their backs for sleeping, the incidence of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) has decreased dramatically in the United states but remains high in some rural Mississippi communities. We discuss some of the hypotheses and etiologic factors of ...
Matturri L - - 2001
Aim of this study is to determine the expression of apoptosis and Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen (PCNA) in the cardiac conduction system in crib death and explained death (ED) cases. Postnatal morphogenesis of the conducting tissue is an important part of its normal development. In the atrio-ventricular node (AVN) and ...
Pollack H A - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: To compare changing incidence and changing risk factors associated with sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) in the 1989 and 1996 US birth cohorts. STUDY DESIGN: All available singleton births over 500 g from the 1989 linked birth-infant death file and the 1996 and 1997 Perinatal Mortality files were examined. ...
Delzell J E JE - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is a major cause of infant mortality and is associated with the prone sleeping position. The goal of this study was to determine changes in newborn nursery policies and practices regarding infant sleeping position between 1992 and 1999. STUDY DESIGN: The researchers conducted telephone ...
Beech D J - - 2001
Previous research has demonstrated impaired renal development, particularly with respect to glomerular number, in victims of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). The present study used stereological principles to estimate the volume of the upper lobe of the right lung, total number of terminal bronchiolar duct endings (TBDE), and gas exchange ...
Kamaras J - - 2001
Sections of the duodenum, jejunum, ileum, caecum and large intestine from 14 sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) babies were examined by scanning (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The type and amount of damage was characterised and quantitated and compared with the presence of Clostridium perfringens, Clostridium difficile, Escherichia coli ...
Töro K - - 2001
We examined the sex ratio in sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) cases in Hungary, in Tokyo and Japan between 1985 and 1996. From all the infant death cases in Hungary 395 (240 male, 155 female) were SIDS (odds ratio (OR)=1.179, with 95% confidence interval (CI)=0.961, 1.446), in Japan 4348 (2550 ...
Fleming P J - - 2001
To investigate whether the accelerated immunisation programme in the United Kingdom is associated, after adjustment for potential confounding, with the sudden infant death syndrome. Population based case-control study, February 1993 to March 1996. Parental interviews were conducted for each death and for four controls matched for age, locality, and time ...
Sullivan F M - - 2001
Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) accounts for the largest number of deaths during the first year of life in developed countries. The possible causes of SIDS are numerous and, to date, there is no adequate unifying pathological explanation for SIDS. Epidemiological studies have played a key role in identifying risk ...
Williams F L - - 2001
Using a cohort study of all deaths in infants under 12 months in Dundee born between 1882-91 we set out to compare the aetiology of sudden unexpected infant deaths in Dundee at the end of the 19th Century with the aetiology of present day Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS). During ...
Nelson E A - - 2001
BACKGROUND: The International Child Care Practices Study (ICCPS) has collected descriptive data from 21 centres in 17 countries. In this report, data are presented on the infant sleeping environment with the main focus being sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) risk factors (bedsharing and infant using a pillow) and protective factors ...
Guntheroth W G - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To assess the role of thermal stress in the cause of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), and to compare risk factors with those of rebreathing. METHODOLOGY: Analysis of publications concerning the epidemiology and physiology of thermal stress in SIDS. RESULTS: A strong association between thermal regulation and ventilatory control ...
Mitchell E A - - 2001
Three studies were undertaken: (i) a nation-wide case-control study for sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), with 393 cases and 1592 controls, examined the association between parental reported apnoea and SIDS; (ii) a case-cohort study, with 84 cases of parental reported apnoea and 1502 controls, aimed to identify risk factors for ...
Goldwater P N - - 2001
A more robust theory of the causation of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is needed. The asphyxial theory of SIDS, which encompasses the prone sleeping position, relies on contradictory pathological evidence and fails to explain infants with SIDS who are found in the supine or lateral position. Many of the ...
Reid G M - - 2001
Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) has been described as a silent unexpected death during sleep. Infants with near-miss SIDS have shown a higher heart rate and diminished heart rate variability during sleep. Non-rapid-eye-movement (NREM) sleep rate variability was related to respiration. A decreased heart rate variability was also observed in ...
Morgan D J - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Recently Pneumocystis carinii has been identified in a significant number of infants diagnosed as having died from sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) in South America and Europe. METHODS: We examined lung sections of 79 infants who died with a diagnosis of SIDS in Rochester, NY, and Connecticut for the ...
Flick L - - 2001
Soft bedding increases the risk for death among prone infants. We compared the softness of beds and bedding and infant sleep position for infants sleeping alone and for those bed sharing. STUDY DESIGN: Questionnaires were used to record the bedding and sleep practices of 218 consecutive African American infants. Enrollment ...
Carroll-Pankhurst C - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To assess the role of parental bedsharing in sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS)-like deaths, this study examines the hypothesis that, compared with other SIDS cases, the age distribution of deaths associated with bedsharing should be lower in younger, less vigorous infants. METHODS: For 84 SIDS cases in Cleveland, Ohio, ...
Krous H F - - 2001
It has been hypothesized that some cases of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) are a result of neck extension and/or rotation that causes vertebral artery (VA) compression and brain stem ischemia. There is a paucity of relevant literature on this topic. Therefore, our aim was to compare neck rotation and ...
Krous H F - - 2001
Previous studies have not addressed the relationship of intrathoracic petechiae (IP) to the position of the face when a caretaker finds a victim of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). The aims of this retrospective study were to determine (1) the rate of the facedown position in SIDS (not to be ...
Pollack H A - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: This study analyzed the relationship between prenatal maternal smoking and sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) and examined the cost-effectiveness of smoking cessation interventions. METHODS: All recorded US singleton SIDS deaths from the 1995 birth cohort with birthweight exceeding 500 g were investigated. Infants with available maternal smoking data were ...
Caddell J L - - 2001
A review was published (1991) of 19 retrospective case-control studies that had investigated the relationship between prone sleeping position (on the stomach) and the sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). These studies, which had been conducted between 1965 and 1990 in New Zealand, Australia, England, France and the Netherlands, showed an ...
Carbone T - - 2001
AIMS: To evaluate parental compliance with home cardiorespiratory monitoring of premature infants with apnoea, siblings of infants who died of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), and infants with an apparent life threatening event (ALTE), during the first month of use. METHODS: A retrospective review of the first month's recordings was ...
Kinney H C - - 2001
The sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is the leading cause of postneonatal infant mortality in the United States today, despite a dramatic 38% decrease in incidence due to a national risk reduction campaign advocating the supine sleep position. Our research in SIDS brainstems, beginning in 1985 and involving a single, ...
Horne R S - - 2001
The incidence of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) has been found to be consistently higher in preterm and low birth weight infants than in infants born at term and this increase is inversely related to gestational age. The incidence and severity of apnoea of prematurity, are also inversely related to ...
Jonville-Béra A P - - 2001
To determine whether DTPP+Hib vaccination (diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, poliomyelitis +/- haemophilus) increased the risk of sudden unexpected death (SUD) in children under 3 months of age. We conducted a multicentre case-control study in the 28 French 'SIDS Centers'. Case selection was based on death labelled sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) ...
Cochran-Black D L - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to determine and compare fetal hemoglobin (HbF) fractions at birth in newborns exposed and not exposed to selected factors that have been reported to increase the risk of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). Previous studies have implicated HbF in the etiology of SIDS ...
- - 2001
In most cases, when a healthy infant younger than 1 year dies suddenly and unexpectedly, the cause is sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). SIDS is more common than infanticide. Parents of SIDS victims typically are anxious to provide unlimited information to professionals involved in death investigation or research. They also ...
Sos I - - 2001
Characteristic features of the panic patients is the increased sensitivity to the CO2. Respiratory pattern abnormalities such as prolonged apnea, diminished ventilatory responsiveness to hypercarbia have been observed in infants at risk for SIDS. Treating the panic attack the SSRI preparations proved to be suitable. Serotonin antagonists effect preventing SIDS ...
Thogmartin J R - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of sleep position, sleep location, and bed-sharing on the incidence of sudden unexpected death in infancy and the frequency of significant autopsy findings. METHODS: We evaluated the cause of death in infants <1 year of age who died during sleep from January 1, 1986, through ...
Kiechl-Kohlendorfer U - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: We investigated the epidemiology of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) in the Tyrol before and after an intervention campaign. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Descriptive characteristics and risk factors of SIDS before the campaign were assessed in a retrospective case-control study (1984 to 1994). In April 1994 a country-wide information campaign ...
Scragg R K - - 2001
The smoking of cannabis and tobacco is common in many countries. In contrast to tobacco, which is an established risk factor for the sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), nothing is known about cannabis and its effects on SIDS risk. We analysed data collected in a nation-wide case control study in ...
Alm B - - 2001
BACKGROUND: From the early 1970s to the early 1990s, there was a significant rise in the incidence of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) in Scandinavia. Following the risk reducing campaign, the incidence has fallen to about the same level as in 1973. AIMS: To identify the changes that have occurred ...
Csukás Z - - 2001
The potential role of microbial agents was investigated in 13 cases of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome and in 9 non-SIDS cases in Budapest between September 1996 and May 1998. Autopsy, histological examination and microbiological tests were performed on samples of blood, cerebrospinal fluid, pharyngeal samples and lung tissue from infants ...
Spiers P S - - 2001
Between 2 and 11 months of age, the risk of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) declines more slowly in black infants than in infants of other races. This phenomenon might also be a feature of certain non-SIDS causes of death. Identifying these causes may through analogy provide support for the ...
Mitchell E - - 2000
A study of 114 consecutive cases of unexpected infant death that occurred in South Australia over a 5-year period from January 1994 to December 1998 was undertaken. There were 45 deaths attributed to sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), 19 to natural causes, 21 to accidents. and 5 to homicides; 24 ...
Mehanni M - - 2000
This paper examines some epidemiological factors associated with SIDS to give a general profile of SIDS cases occurring in Ireland between the years 1993 to 1997. There has been a dramatic decrease in the incidence of the Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) in the Republic of Ireland in the last ...
Côté A - - 2000
CONTEXT: In addition to usual prone sleeping, unaccustomed prone sleeping represents a significant risk factor for sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). However, little information is available regarding the circumstances leading caretakers to change the infant's sleep position to prone position in SIDS victims. OBJECTIVE: To determine, in a population of ...
Mitchell E - - 2000
Retrospective analysis of autopsy findings in 60 infants who had been found unexpectedly dead in their cribs or beds in South Australia from 1994 to 1998 was undertaken to determine the diagnostic usefulness of individual stages in the postmortem investigation. Positive findings occurred in 2 of 43 scene examinations (3%), ...
< 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 >