Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1362
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Byard Roger W - - 2003
The past decade and a half has seen marked changes in the epidemiology of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). The avoidance of certain risk factors such as sleeping prone and cigarette smoke exposure has resulted in the death rate falling dramatically. Careful evaluation of environmental factors and endogenous characteristics has ...
Machaalani, Rita
This thesis tests the hypothesis that increased neuronal cell death in SIDS infants is related to the ability of risk factors, such as prone sleeping, to expose infants to intermittent hypercapnic hypoxia (IHH). Based on the hypothesis that the NMDA system is linked to neuronal death, by way of excitotoxicity, ...
Divne A M - - 2003
AIM: To investigate the mitochondrial genome and its association with sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). METHODS: Twenty SIDS infants were screened for previously reported mitochondrial DNA mutations using direct sequencing. The whole mitochondrial genome was also sequenced for six of the infants. RESULTS: Three substitutions, A11467G, A12308G and G12372A, comprising ...
Ogbu Chigozie N - - 2003
Sudden death of an infant is not an uncommon event and when there is no adequate cause to explain the death it poses a diagnostic dilemma for the clinician, and makes discussion of the cause of death with parents quite difficult and unsatisfactory. Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) or cot ...
Baker Sherri S - - 2003
Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) is the most common cause of death in children between 1 and 6 months of age. Recent data suggest that a prolonged QTc interval on the 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG) is associated with SIDS. Prone body position during sleep is also known to be a risk ...
Iyasu Solomon S Division of Reproductive Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Ga, USA. - - 2002
Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is a leading cause of postneonatal mortality among American Indians, a group whose infant death rate is consistently above the US national average. To determine prenatal and postnatal risk factors for SIDS among American Indians. Population-based case-control study of 33 SIDS infants and 66 matched ...
Sawaguchi Toshiko - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: Among 27,000 infants studied prospectively to characterize their sleep-wake behavior, 38 infants died under 6 months of age (including 26 infant victims of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), five with congenital cardiac abnormalities, two from infected pulmonary dysplasia, two from septic shock with multi-organ failure, one with a prolonged ...
Kahn Andre - - 2002
The mechanisms responsible for sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) are still largely unknown. To explain what factors contribute to the deaths, we suggest a model: the '3 S model for SIDS' that includes 'sicknesses', 'stages of development' and 'surroundings': (1) 'sicknesses' refers to infectious diseases or other medical condition. (2) ...
Durlach Jean - - 2002
Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) might be due to the fetal consequences of a Mg maternal deficiency, which might be prevented by simple atoxic nutritional Mg intake by the mother. Various stresses in the pregnant women or in the infant may transform a simple Mg deficiency into Mg depletion which ...
Horne Rosemary S C - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Failure to arouse from sleep has been postulated as a mechanism to explain the final pathway of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). METHODS: We have reviewed the effects of the major risk factors for SIDS, prone sleep position, maternal smoking, prematurity and recent infection on arousability from sleep. In ...
Guntheroth Warren G - - 2002
Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) victims were regarded as normal as a matter of definition (Beckwith 1970) until 1952 when Kinney and colleagues argued for elimination of the clause, "unexpected by history." They argued that "not all SIDS victims were normal," and referred to their hypothesis that SIDS results from ...
Randall Brad - - 2002
The annual report of the Regional Infant and Child Mortality Review Committee (RICMRC) is attached. This Committee has as its mission the review of infant and child death so that information can be transformed into action to protect young lives. The Committee review area in 2001 included South Dakota's Minnehaha, ...
Horne Rosemary S C RS Department of Paediatrics and Ritchie Centre for Baby Health Research, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria, Australia. - - 2002
Preterm infants are at increased risk of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). We investigated whether the prone sleeping position impaired arousal from sleep in healthy preterm infants and whether this impairment was related to cardiorespiratory variables, temperature or postnatal age. Longitudinal 14 healthy preterm infants (mean 32 +/- 0.4 weeks) ...
Hauck Fern R - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Rates of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) are over twice as high among African Americans compared with Caucasians. Little is known, however, about the relationship between prone sleeping, other sleep environment factors, and the risk of SIDS in the United States and how differences in risk factors may account ...
Williams S M - - 2002
AIMS: To determine whether the risk factors for SIDS occurring at night were different from those occurring during the day. METHODS: Large, nationwide case-control study, with data for 369 cases and 1558 controls in New Zealand. RESULTS: Two thirds of SIDS deaths occurred at night (between 10 pm and 7 ...
Gislason Thorarinn - - 2002
Previous studies suggest a familial link between adult obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) and sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). However, most of these studies were hampered by the availability of too few cases of SIDS to draw conclusions. To examine the familial nature of this association in Iceland, hospital-based lists ...
Sawaguchi T - - 2002
The sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) prevention campaign promulgated by the SIDS Family Associations was initiated and directed to medical professionals in 1996 and to mothers in 1997. In mid-1998, the Ministry of Health and Welfare began to support this campaign. In parallel with these moves and with cooperation from ...
Sawaguchi A - - 2002
The aim of the present study is to see if by conducting research on sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), one of major contributing factors to infant mortality in Japan, infant mortality can be reduced. Concrete approaches taken in this study took four different directions: elucidation of SIDS etiology, prevention, elucidation ...
Fujita T - - 2002
This study examined the effects of birth characteristics, which reported on birth certificates, on sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) based on vital statistics between 1995 and 1998 in Japan. One thousand eight hundred and fifty-nine cases of SIDS and 4,787,537 live births were analyzed. The mortality rate from SIDS was ...
Sawaguchi Toshiko - - 2002
Among 27,000 infants studied prospectively to characterize their sleep-wake behavior, 38 infants died under 6 months of age (including 26 infant victims of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), 5 with congenital cardiac abnormalities, 2 from infected pulmonary dysplasia, 2 from septic shock with multi-organ failure, 1 with a prolonged seizure, ...
Sawaguchi T - - 2002
It is a well-recognized fact among professionals that the diagnosis of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) involves difficult elements; a SIDS diagnosis is not uniform throughout Japan; and such a diagnosis is not made based on any internationally recognized definition. Faced with this situation, guidelines have been prepared and proposals ...
Ozawa Y - - 2002
Developmental studies on neurotransmitters and their receptors in sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) infants and controls are reviewed, including comparison between the prone and supine positions at death. In SIDS infants, there are an increase of glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP)-positive astrocytes in the brainstem, an increase of substance P ...
Sawaguchi Toshiko - - 2002
Among 27,000 infants studied prospectively to characterize their sleep-wake behavior, 38 infants died under 6 months of age; 27 infants died from sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), 5 from congenital cardiac abnormalities, 2 from infected pulmonary dysplasia, 2 from septic shock with multi-organ failure, 1 with a prolonged seizure, and ...
Sawaguchi Toshiko - - 2002
Among 27,000 infants studied prospectively to characterize their sleep-wake behavior, 38 infants died under 6 months of age. They included 26 cases of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). Five infants who died from congenital cardiac abnormalities, two from infected pulmonary dysplasia, two from septic shock with multi-organ failure, one during ...
Sawaguchi A - - 2002
The rate at which autopsies are performed in Japan for cases of infant death is not adequate for diagnosing sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). In Japan, it will be necessary to increase the autopsy rate at the time of infant deaths in order to improve the certainty of diagnosing SIDS ...
Nishida H - - 2002
In this report, the quantification and analysis of trace elements in the frontal lobes of the brains of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) cases were carried out. In all materials, V, Cr, Sn and Sb were not observed and Mg, Na, K, Fe, Zn and Br were observed. As for ...
Sawaguchi T - - 2002
Full-scale investigations of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) by methods of molecular pathology have been carried out. This paper reports the basic preliminary data of SIDS cerebral cortex analyzed by restriction landmark genomic scanning (RLGS) method, which is the second dimension electrophoresis of DNA recently developed in Japan. The RLGS ...
Sawaguchi A - - 2002
By definition, sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) requires diagnosis through exclusion by conducting an autopsy. To obtain a reliable diagnosis of this disease, an autopsy is essential. However, the frequency with which autopsies are conducted in Japan is not sufficient to meet the need associated with the diagnosis of SIDS. ...
Kahn A - - 2002
The incidence of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) has dropped significantly in most countries following the development of education campaigns on the avoidance of risk factors for SIDS. However, questions have been raised about the physiological mechanism responsible for the effects of these environmental risk factors. Since 1985, a series ...
Frøen J F - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Unexplained antepartum stillbirth and sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) are major contributors to perinatal and infant mortality in the western world. A relation between them has been suggested. As an equivalent of SIDS, only cases validated by post mortem examination are diagnosed as sudden intrauterine unexplained death (SIUD). OBJECTIVE: ...
Gordon A E - - 2002
There is increasing evidence that inflammatory responses have been elicited in some Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) infants and that these responses are under genetic control. The objective of this study was to investigate the hypothesis that the cytokine responses of SIDS parents (n = 41) differed significantly from control ...
Ansari T - - 2002
Detailed stereological analyses of specific regions of brains of children who had died from Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) was undertaken to determine whether global evidence of an underlying pathology exists, contributing to an increased susceptibility to SIDS. A significant reduction in the total number of neocortical neurones and neurone ...
Blair P - - 2002
In recent years the study of infant care practices within the sleeping environment has proved to be the single most important set of observations for reducing the risk of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS). To further reduce the number of deaths and resolve the debate on safe infant care practice, ...
Sanderson C A - - 2002
BACKGROUND: In New Zealand, an association has been shown between postnatal depression and sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). AIM: To replicate the New Zealand study. DESIGN OF STUDY: Case-control study. SETTING: The city of Sheffield, UK. METHOD: The database of the Sheffield Child Development Study was used Demographic and obstetric ...
Ponsonby Anne-Louise - - 2002
This review documents and assesses recent trends in sudden infant death syndrome. We review medical literature, Internet resources, and national governmental data. A striking reduction in SIDS incidence of more than 50% has been observed in various countries after interventions, particularly during the early 1990s, to reduce the prevalence of ...
Opdal Siri H - - 2002
Variation in hypervariable region I (HVR-I) and mutations in coding areas of mtDNA were studied in 257 patients of sudden infant death caused by infections, sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), and borderline SIDS and in a control group of 102 living infants. Nine different point mutations were detected in the ...
Alm B - - 2002
AIMS: To assess the effects of breast feeding habits on sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). METHODS: The analyses are based on data from the Nordic Epidemiological SIDS Study, a case-control study in which parents of SIDS victims in the Scandinavian countries between 1 September 1992 and 31 August 1995 were ...
Krous Henry F - - 2002
The decline in the incidence of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) and recent recommendations regarding the differentiation of SIDS and child abuse has generated speculation that some cases of infanticide were misdiagnosed as SIDS. The aims of this study were to determine the change in incidences and proportions of postneonatal ...
Meny Robert G - - 2002
Carboxyhemoglobin (COHb) levels were determined in stored blood samples from 91 infants diagnosed to have died from the sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) (0.59+/-0.41%, excluding one outlying value of 10.83%); 48 age-matched controls (0.53+/-0.38%); and three individuals who died from fire related causes (41+/-20%). No statistical differences in COHb levels ...
Kinney H C - - 2002
Subtle quantitative abnormalities in neuronal populations derived from the rhombic lip (i.e. arcuate nucleus at the ventral medullary surface, external granular layer of the cerebellum) have been reported in victims of the sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). In this study, we examined the inferior olive, a major rhombic lip derivative, ...
Panaretto K S - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To compare the epidemiology of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) in Indigenous and non-Indigenous infants in north Queensland, and to assess the quality of data recorded for SIDS deaths. METHODS: Records were obtained for SIDS cases from all coronial courts in north Queensland from 1990 to 1998. Demographic characteristics, ...
Malloy Michael H - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: The introduction of the "Back to Sleep" campaign for the prevention of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) brought with it concern that there might be an increase in the incidence of aspiration-related deaths. The objective of this analysis was to describe the trends in postneonatal mortality and proportionate mortality ...
Panaretto K S - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) risk factors in the Indigenous and non-Indigenous community of Townsville, a large remote urban centre in north Queensland, Australia. METHODS: Thirty Indigenous and 30 non-Indigenous women with young children were surveyed using sections of the West Australian Infancy and ...
Freed Gary E - - 2002
A large cohort of infants (8,998) at high risk for sudden and unexpected death was followed with home cardiorespiratory monitoring over a five-year period. These infants included premature infants (23-36 weeks post-conceptual age), SIDS siblings, and infants who experienced an Apparent Life-Threatening Event. The overall SIDS rate in this high-risk ...
Person Tiffany L A - - 2002
CONTEXT: The practice of infants cosleeping with adults has long been the subject of controversy. Autopsy findings in cases of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) are usually indistinguishable from those found with unintentional or intentional suffocation, and the determination of the cause of death in cases of sudden unexpected death ...
Okado N - - 2002
In our recent study allele variants in the promoter of serotonin transporter (5-HTT) gene have been shown as a novel risk factor for sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). L and XL alleles were more frequent and S allele was less frequent in SIDS victims compared to age-matched controls. Serotonin (5-HT) ...
Paterson Janis - - 2002
AIM: To describe the awareness of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) risk factors among mothers of Pacific infants in New Zealand. METHODS: The data were gathered as part of the Pacific Islands Families Study in which 1376 mothers were interviewed when their infants were six weeks old. Included in this ...
Blackwell C C - - 2002
There is increasing evidence for the involvement of bacterial toxins in some cases of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), particularly the pyrogenic toxins of Staphylococcus aureus. This had led to the hypothesis that some SIDS deaths are due to induction of inflammatory mediators by infectious agents or their products during ...
Tonkin S L - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Since the danger of prone sleeping in the first 6 months of life has been publicised, there has been a dramatic and consistent reduction in the incidence of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). However, unexpected infant deaths and apparent life-threatening events (ALTEs) continue to occur that are clearly not ...
Fifer William P - - 2002
Recent evidence suggests sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) infants have a diminished capacity to respond to autonomic challenges during a vulnerable developmental period. We speculate that a dysfunction or altered trajectory in the development of the autonomic nervous system may be detected in utero and also may play a role ...
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