Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1339
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Gentile Salvatore - - 2007
Despite the well known severe repercussions of maternal depression on infants' well being, women are often reluctant to seek pharmacological treatment for postnatal depression. The fear of adverse events for the suckling infant plays an important role in such maternal considerations. However, the pharmacological approach to mood disorders at postpartum ...
Hurtekant Katherine M - - 2007
At present, no research has examined the unique breastfeeding needs of a mother and her infant with spina bifida (SB). This mother-infant dyad will face many unique challenges during the prenatal period, postdelivery, and postsurgical repair of the myelomeningocele (MMC). Each of these periods presents an opportunity for effective evidence-based ...
Madadi Parvaz - - 2007
Recently a newborn died from morphine poisoning when his mother used codeine while breastfeeding. Many patients receive codeine for postlabour pain. Is it safe to prescribe codeine for nursing mothers? When a mother is an ultrarapid metabolizer of cytochrome P450 2D6, she produces much more morphine when taking codeine than ...
Flint A - - 2007
Breast milk provides optimal nutrition for newborn infants, and the ideal way for infants to receive breast milk is through suckling at the breast. Unfortunately, this may not always be possible, as there are numerous reasons why a newborn infant may not be able to breastfeed and, as a result, ...
Britton C - - 2007
There is extensive evidence of the benefits of breastfeeding for infants and mothers. In 2003, the World Health Organization (WHO) recommended infants be fed exclusively on breast milk until six months of age. However, breastfeeding rates in many developed countries continue to be resistant to change. To assess the effectiveness ...
Pontin David D School of Maternal & Child Health, Faculty of Health & Social Care, University of the West of England, Bristol BS16 1 DD, UK. - - 2007
Although exclusive breastfeeding for the first 6 months of infant life is recommended in the UK, there is little information on the extent of exclusive breastfeeding. This study has taken the 1996 and 2003 World Health Organization (WHO) definitions of breastfeeding and investigated breastfeeding rates in the first 6 months ...
Leung E Y L - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To describe the patterns of and factors affecting breastfeeding and to find out any significant relationship between breastfeeding and health of the child. DESIGN: Cohort study. SETTING: Postnatal ward of the Prince of Wales Hospital. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 243 infants born in 1998 to 2001 at the hospital. ...
Magne Fabien - - 2006
For infants, the introduction of food other than breast milk is a high risk period due to diarrheal diseases, and may be corroborated with a shift in the faecal microbiota. This longitudinal study was the first undertaken to understand the effect of the supplementation on the infant's faecal microbiota and ...
Goswami Vivek - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate simple clinical signs of illness in young infants (0 to 2 months) and to correlate with WHO IMCI algorithm (7 days-2 months). DESIGN: Prospective observational. Study conducted in the outpatient department and emergency room of a pediatric tertiary level hospital. METHODS: Four hundred and ninety seven young ...
Taveras Elsie M EM Center for Child Health Care Studies and Department of Ambulatory Care and Prevention, Harvard Pilgrim Health Care and Harvard Medical School, 133 Brookline Ave, 6th Floor, Boston, MA 02215, USA. - - 2006
Previous studies have found that breastfeeding may protect infants against future overweight. One proposed mechanism is that breastfeeding, as opposed to bottle feeding, promotes maternal feeding styles that are less controlling and more responsive to infant cues of hunger and satiety, thereby allowing infants greater self-regulation of energy intake. The ...
Binns C W - - 2006
The expression of breastmilk is an important strategy to enable mothers to continue exclusive breastfeeding. In some situations, for health or convenience, expressed breastmilk is required and infants fed this way still fall within the definition of exclusive breastfeeding. The aim of this study was to document the changes in ...
Mannel Rebecca - - 2006
A retrospective review of data from a lactation program's productivity reports at a large tertiary care teaching hospital (4200 births per year) measured actual hours worked by international board certified lactation consultants (IBCLCs) over a 2-year period, allocated the hours to their respective activities, and developed ratios for optimal IBCLC ...
Sheehan Debbie - - 2006
The Ontario Mother and Infant Study II examined changes in postpartum health outcomes, including breastfeeding initiation and discontinuation, for mothers and their infants and compared these results to data collected prior to the initiation of the Universal Hospital Stay and Postpartum Home Visiting Program policy change in 1998. Data were ...
Coulibaly Ramata - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether the relationship between breastfeeding duration and the health status of 5-month-old Quebec infants differs by poverty status. METHODS: Cross-sectional study of Quebec Longitudinal Study of Child Development data of a sample of 2223 infants who were 5 months old. Two infant health indicators were considered: presence ...
Britton John R - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Our goal was to test the hypothesis that breastfeeding is associated with enhanced infant-mother attachment and its antecedent maternal sensitivity. METHODS: Breastfeeding intent and practice were assessed by questionnaires administered to 152 mothers between 32 weeks of gestation and 12 months postpartum. Early maternal sensitivity was measured by the ...
Kelly Yvonne J - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Patterns of breastfeeding vary considerably across different racial/ethnic groups; however, little is known about factors that might explain differences across and within different racial/ethnic groups. Here we examine patterns of breastfeeding initiation and continuation among a racially/ethnically diverse sample of new mothers and compare this with patterns seen in ...
Morrison Barbara - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To describe interruptions (door openings and telephone calls) to breastfeeding dyads on postpartum day 1. DESIGN: A descriptive design of continuous observations of persons entering the mother's room plus record of phone calls from 8 a.m. to 8 p.m. on postpartum day 1. SETTING: Single bedded postpartum rooms in ...
Scavenius Michael - - 2007
'Na prática, a teoria è outra' (in practice, the theory is different) is an old Brazilian saying. This phrase summarizes well the general practice of breastfeeding in Brazil: 'Breast is best' is central in the pregnant women's future oriented 'theory' of how their infant should be fed. In the subsequent ...
Senarath U - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To describe breastfeeding practices and to assess the sociodemographic factors associated with selected breastfeeding indicators. DESIGN AND SETTING: The 2003 Demographic and Health Survey was a multi-stage cluster sample survey of 4320 households from four different geographic areas in Timor-Leste. SUBJECTS: A total of 2162 children aged 0-23 months. ...
Merewood Anne - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: Among premature infants, formula feeding increases the risk for necrotizing enterocolitis, delayed brainstem maturation, decreased scoring on cognitive and developmental tests, and delayed visual development. With this in mind, many interventions are designed to increase breast milk consumption in preterm infants. Breastfeeding initiation rates among US premature infants are ...
Gardiner Sharon J - - 2006
To determine infant exposure to 6-thioguanine and 6-methylmercaptopurine nucleotides (6-TGN and 6-MMPN, respectively) during maternal use of azathioprine in breastfeeding. Mother-infant pairs provided blood for determination of 6-TGN and 6-MMPN concentrations, and TPMT genotype. Four women taking azathioprine 1.2-2.1 mg kg(-1) day(-1) and their infants were studied. All had the ...
Sacker Amanda - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: We investigated whether the duration and exclusivity of breastfeeding affects the likelihood of gross and fine motor delay in infants and examined the effect of factors that might explain any observed differences. METHODS: The study sample included all term singleton infants who weighed > 2500 g at birth and ...
Ghosh Rohini - - 2006
A 27-month longitudinal study of 140 Bangladeshi mothers living in three tea gardens examined the effect of maternal factors (mother's age, number of live births, birth interval, and mother's work status) and sex of the infant on the duration and bout frequency of breastfeeding over 8-hr daytime periods. Prolonged breastfeeding ...
Bonuck Karen A - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether infants of women randomized to a prenatal and postpartum lactation support intervention incur fewer otitis media-, respiratory tract-, or gastrointestinal-related visits than controls. DESIGN: Randomized, unmasked controlled trial recruiting women from prenatal care settings. Breastfeeding sensitive (BFS) illness visits for otitis media or respiratory tract or ...
Groer Maureen W - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To analyze relationships between stress, moods, and immunity in breastfeeding compared to formula-feeding mothers. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study of 181 healthy mothers, exclusively breastfeeding or formula feeding, studied at 4 to 6 weeks after childbirth. SETTING: Mothers were recruited in the postpartum unit of the hospital and then visited ...
Ryan Alan S - - 2006
BACKGROUND: In the United States, more new mothers are part of the work force than ever before. This trend has implications for many child-rearing practices, including breastfeeding. METHODS: Based on a national sample of new mothers (n = 228,000), this study considered the prevalence of the initiation and duration of ...
O'Connor Mary E - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of open access scheduling (OA) on infant well-child care (WCC). DESIGN: Cluster randomization of 2 methods of OA compared with a baseline group (prior to OA). SETTING: Community health center pediatric clinic, August 1, 2003, to January 31, 2004. PARTICIPANTS: Ten providers (pediatricians and physician ...
Click Elizabeth R - - 2006
This article describes the literature about worksite lactation programs and how such a service might be established to enhance breastfeeding success and lead to healthful outcomes for the mother and the baby. Because studies have demonstrated consistently that breastfeeding is associated with lower rates of infant illness, and that full-time ...
Knaak Stephanie J - - 2006
This paper reflects on how informational biases have subtly entered into the breastfeeding health discourse and recommends how focus might be redirected. Specifically, contemporary infant feeding health discourse reflects a biased representation of the scientific literature, and fails to provide an appropriate contextualization of risk and benefit. It is important ...
Noel-Weiss Joy J School of Nursing, University of Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. - - 2006
To determine the effects of a prenatal breastfeeding workshop on maternal breastfeeding self-efficacy and breastfeeding duration. Randomized controlled trial. Large tertiary hospital in Ontario, Canada. 110 primiparous women expecting a single child, an uncomplicated birth, and planning to breastfeed. 2.5-hour prenatal breastfeeding workshop based on adult learning principles and self-efficacy ...
Mukantwali, C; ;
<B>Objectives</B>. To evaluate the impact of special training of community health workers (CHWs) on breastfeeding counselling and support. Design</B>. A cross-sectional, observational study. Setting</B>. The study was conducted in the area serviced by the Thukela District Child Survival Project, Bergville, KwaZulu-Natal. Subjects</B>. Mother-infant pairs (N = 95) visited by specially ...
Bartington Suzanne S Centre for Paediatric Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Institute of Child Health, 30 Guilford Street, London, WC1N 1EH, UK. - - 2006
The promotion and support of breastfeeding is a global priority with benefits for maternal and infant health, particularly in low-income and middle-income countries where its relevance for child survival is undisputed. However, breastfeeding rates are strikingly low in some higher-income countries, including the UK. Evidence to support the effectiveness of ...
Sacco Lisa M - - 2006
This study sought to provide a comprehensive picture of maternal conceptualization of Perceived Insufficient Milk (PIM) using qualitative methods (semistructured interviews, free lists, and rankings) in Mexico. Two hundred and seven first-time mothers of infants younger than 6 months and mothers-to-be who were (or intended to be) breastfeeding were interviewed ...
de Oliveira Luciana Dias - - 2006
This randomized clinical trial compared frequencies of exclusive breastfeeding and lactation-related problems during the first 30 days among 74 mothers who received a 30-minute counseling session on breastfeeding technique in the maternity ward, and 137 controls. The frequency of exclusive breastfeeding among mothers who had received intervention was similar to ...
Ekström Anette - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Continuous support during the childbirth process ultimately may strengthen the mother's self-esteem and her capacity to interact with and nurture her infant and also may improve paternal involvement in general. In the present study, we investigated whether mothers, who were attended by midwives and nurses who had had a ...
Wall Virginia - - 2006
The authors review the experiences of 11 mother-infant pairs who had breastfeeding problems related to the infants' mandibular asymmetry. Lower jaw asymmetry is an early identifiable sign of torticollis, and a possible contributor to latch difficulties, nipple pain, and poor milk transfer. Pediatricians and lactation consultants should look for signs ...
Labbok Miriam H - - 2006
This article presents trends and differentials in exclusive breastfeeding patterns that occurred in developing settings during the 1990s and considers these trends in relation to the breastfeeding-support activities in that decade. Between 1990 and 2000, the data suggest that exclusive breast-feeding levels in the developing world increased 15% overall among ...
Oddy Wendy Hazel - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether maternal prepregnancy overweight or obesity has an independent effect on breastfeeding duration. STUDY DESIGN: A prospective birth cohort study of 1803 live-born children and their mothers ascertained through antenatal clinics at the major tertiary obstetric hospital in Perth, Australia, were followed until 3 years of age. ...
Pesonen M - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Exclusive breastfeeding for the first 6 months is recommended by the World Health Organization and considered allergy preventive. However, it is not known whether prolonging exclusive breastfeeding for over 6 months provides further benefit in allergy prevention. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this prospective 20-year follow-up study was to find ...
Ball H L - - 2006
To determine whether postnatal mother-infant sleep proximity affects breastfeeding initiation and infant safety. Randomised non-blinded trial analysed by intention to treat. Postnatal wards of the Royal Victoria Hospital (RVI), Newcastle upon Tyne, UK. 64 newly delivered mother-infant dyads with a prenatal intention to breastfeed (vaginal deliveries, no intramuscular or intravenous ...
Cakmak Havva - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding has many advantages for both mothers and infants. Several factors related to the mother and the baby, however, have a negative effect on the initiation of breastfeeding. Mode of delivery is one of these factors. When delivery takes place by cesarean section, the mother becomes a surgical patient ...
Abiona Titilayo C - - 2006
The objective of this study was to explore the acceptability, feasibility, affordability, safety and sustainability of replacement feeding options for HIV-infected mothers in Ile-Ife, in south-west Nigeria. Six focus group discussions were conducted with a purposive sample of mothers, fathers and grandmothers. The HIV status of all participants was unknown ...
Paricio Talayero José María - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to assess the effect of breastfeeding on the probability of hospitalization as a result of infectious processes during the first year of life METHODS: We followed 1385 infants from birth to age 1 year between 1996 and 1999. Recruitment and data collection were done at the ...
Williams Helen G - - 2006
Breastmilk is a species-specific food, that is, milk made by human mothers for human infants, and thus is the only natural fluid appropriate for the newborn human. There is a plethora of information available discussing the dangers of water supplementation to babies. This article aims to collate the more recent ...
Mascarenhas Maria Laura W - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of exclusive breastfeeding during the first 3 months of life and its determinant factors in a city in the South region of Brazil. METHODS: Prospective study of a cohort of babies born between September 2002 and May 2003 in the city of Pelotas, RS. Data ...
McFadden Alison - - 2006
There is ample evidence of the short- and long-term health benefits of breastfeeding for mothers and infants, yet breastfeeding rates remain low in the UK, particularly in areas of high social deprivation. It is imperative that appropriate strategies are utilized to support more women to initiate and continue breastfeeding. This ...
Tu M T - - 2006
Rat studies show that hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) responsiveness to physical and emotional stressors is attenuated during lactation, although situations evoking pup endangerment can supersede this phenomenon. In the human population, blunted cortisol responses are seen in primiparous breastfeeding compared to bottlefeeding mothers following physical stress, but not after psychosocial stress. It ...
Merewood Anne - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether peer counselors impacted breastfeeding duration among premature infants in an urban population. DESIGN: This was a randomized controlled clinical trial. SETTING: The trial was conducted in the Newborn Intensive Care Unit at Boston Medical Center, an inner-city teaching hospital with approximately 2000 births per year. PARTICIPANTS: ...
Taha Taha E - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: We assessed the impact of breastfeeding by women infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1 on their morbidity and risk of mortality and on the mortality of their children. METHODS: We analysed longitudinal data from two previous randomized clinical trials of mother-to-child transmission of HIV conducted between April 2000 and ...
Torres Marco Antonio A - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To verify the behavior of hemoglobin levels and anemia prevalence in full term infants, aged 3 to 6 months and on exclusive breastfeeding. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of 242 infants aged 3 to 6 months with birth weights of more than 2,500 g, on exclusive breastfeeding and monitored by ...
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