Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1339
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Marques Rejane C - - 2007
Children are exposed to Hg from mothers (via placenta and lactation), environment (food), and in many parts of the world by thimerosal-containing vaccines (TCV) during immunization. Neurodevelopment studies based on infant hair-Hg (HHg) have been designed without explicit attention to the factors associated with changes in infant physiology and Hg ...
Iyer N P - - 2008
AIMS: To ascertain the effect of a policy of early weighing on the detection and severity of neonatal hypernatraemic dehydration (NHD) and on breastfeeding rates in the short and medium term. METHODS: A policy of weighing infants at 72-96 h was introduced from 1 July 2004. Two time periods were ...
Merewood Anne - - 2007
The effects of Baby-Friendly status on breastfeeding duration in the United States have not been published. The objectives of this study were to obtain breastfeeding rates at 6 months among babies born in a US Baby-Friendly hospital and to assess factors associated with continued breastfeeding at 6 months. The authors ...
Forster Della A - - 2007
A number of practices during the intrapartum and very early postnatal period may affect breastfeeding initiation. All women should be encouraged to breastfeed soon after birth, with extra attention paid to the identification and offer of extra support for those women at higher risk of not successfully initiating and continuing ...
Castrucci Brian C - - 2007
PURPOSE: To assess the association between the presence of international board-certified lactation consultant (IBCLC) services at a delivery hospital and the breastfeeding practices of women whose infants required neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) admission. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study using population-level data. SETTING: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. SUBJECTS: 2132 infants admitted to the NICU. ...
Tarrant Marie - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To explore relationships between university students' infant feeding knowledge, attitudes, breastfeeding exposures, and future infant feeding intentions. DESIGN: Descriptive cross-sectional survey. SETTING: This study was conducted at a large publicly funded university in Hong Kong. Student enrollment in the university is approximately 15,000. PARTICIPANTS: Four hundred three male and ...
Bakoula Chryssa - - 2007
To monitor the rate of exclusive breastfeeding in Greek maternity wards and to investigate possible changes in infant-feeding practices during the first month after hospital discharge, the authors questioned 4310 Greek mothers from 7 hospitals on the fourth day postpartum. Odds ratios were calculated to estimate the effects of health ...
Rudnicka Alicja R AR Division of Community Health Sciences, St George's, University of London, Cranmer Terrace, London SW17 0RE, United Kingdom. - - 2007
Nutrition in the first weeks of life may program disease risk in adulthood. We examined the influence of initial infant feeding on cardiorespiratory risk factors in adulthood. A total of 9377 persons born during 1 week in 1958 in England, Scotland, and Wales were followed-up periodically from birth into adulthood. ...
Marques Rejane C - - 2007
AIM: Brazilian newborns immunized with hepatitis-B (thimerosal containing vaccine, TCV) receive the first dose within 24 h if delivered in public hospitals, but at a later time if born in private hospitals. We compared neurodevelopment (ND) in infants born in a state hospital (immunized within 24 h) and in privately ...
Bakoula Chryssa - - 2007
AIM: To examine the prevalence and determinants of breastfeeding and to identify perinatal, sociodemographic, psychosocial and environmental factors associated with maternal infant feeding intention. METHODS: A sample of 3734 Greek mothers that delivered their infants in 2000 was recruited in a longitudinal cohort study. Data on duration of breastfeeding was ...
Quigley Maria A - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to measure the effect of breastfeeding on hospitalization for diarrheal and lower respiratory tract infections in the first 8 months after birth in contemporary United Kingdom. METHODS: The study was a population-based survey (sweep 1 of the United Kingdom Millennium Cohort Study). Data ...
Dennis Cindy-Lee - - 2007
AIM: To examine the relationship between diverse infant feeding outcomes, e.g. infant feeding method, maternal satisfaction, infant feeding plans, breastfeeding progress and breastfeeding self-efficacy) and postpartum depressive symptomatology using a time-sequenced analysis. METHODS: As part of a population-based study, 594 participants completed questionnaires at 1, 4 and 8 weeks postpartum. ...
Ip Stanley - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: We reviewed the evidence on the effects of breastfeeding on short- and long-term infant and maternal health outcomes in developed countries. DATA SOURCES: We searched MEDLINE(R), CINAHL, and the Cochrane Library in November of 2005. Supplemental searches on selected outcomes were searched through May of 2006. We also identified ...
Moore Sophie E SE MRC International Nutrition Group, Nutrition & Public Health Interventions Research Unit, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom. - - 2007
The World Health Organization recommends exclusive breastfeeding until age 6 mo. Studies relying on mothers' self-reported behaviors have shown that lactation counseling increases both the rate and duration of exclusive breastfeeding. We aimed to validate reported infant feeding practices in rural Bangladesh; intakes of breast milk and nonbreast-milk water were ...
Dodgson Joan E JE School of Nursing and Dental Hygiene, University of Hawaii, Honolulu, HI 96822, USA. - - 2007
Although Hawaii has high breastfeeding initiation rates (89%), Native Hawaiian WIC participants have much lower initiation (64%) rates. Little is known about why these disparities occur. The study's aim was to describe the breastfeeding patterns of Hawaiian/part-Hawaiian women enrolled in the WIC who had initiated breastfeeding. Retrospective descriptive data (N=200) ...
Coovadia Hoosen M - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Exclusive breastfeeding, though better than other forms of infant feeding and associated with improved child survival, is uncommon. We assessed the HIV-1 transmission risks and survival associated with exclusive breastfeeding and other types of infant feeding. METHODS: 2722 HIV-infected and uninfected pregnant women attending antenatal clinics in KwaZulu Natal, ...
Flacking Renée - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The propensity to breastfeed is not only of importance with regard to the beneficial effects on the individual, but is also of concern as an indicator of health behaviour related to social conditions. Thus, our aim was to investigate the impact of socioeconomic status (SES) on breastfeeding duration in ...
Kronborg Hanne - - 2007
AIM: To validate a simple breastfeeding score to identify mothers who stop breastfeeding within 4 months after birth. METHODS: Two independent cohorts of Danish mothers in 1999 and 2004 with 4 months of follow-up on breastfeeding duration were used. The breastfeeding score was developed from 471 mothers' responses to a ...
Raimbault Chantal - - 2007
AIM: To assess the effects of exposure to the odour of mother's milk on breastfeeding behaviour of premature neonates. METHODS: Thirteen preterm infants born at 30-33 weeks gestational age were tested. Seven infants were randomly assigned to the milk-odour condition, 6 to the water-control condition. During week 35 post-conceptual age, ...
Smith Julie - - 2007
Obesity has been growing rapidly among both children and adult Australians in recent decades, raising concern at the associated chronic disease burden, and generating debate over the extent of individual versus government responsibility. This paper briefly reviews recent scientific evidence on links between poor early life nutrition and obesity in ...
Jacknowitz Alison - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: This study examines whether increases in breastfeeding rates between 1991 and 2002 can be attributed to changes in the demographic characteristics of births. The demographic variables investigated include maternal age, maternal education, race/ethnicity, geographic location of birth, and parity. METHODS: This study decomposes breastfeeding trends using 1991 through 2002 ...
Glueck Charles J - - 2007
Metformin improves the endocrinopathy of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), facilitates conception, appears to reduce first trimester miscarriage and gestational diabetes and does not appear to be teratogenic. The concentrations of metformin in breast milk are generally low and the mean infant exposure to metformin has been reported in the range ...
Maier Andrea - - 2007
This study describes infant feeding practices among mothers from two European regions from the perspective of early sensory experiences. Two groups of mothers, one in Dijon , France (n=139), the other in Aalen , Germany (n=157) with infants aged 4-9 months were interviewed using a structured questionnaire. Clear between- and ...
Toubas Paul L - - 2007
The 19th century saw the rapid development of sciences and industry as well as the continuation of world expansion of the European nations to provide the primary ingredients for their activity. Manpower demand was high, but high maternal and infant mortality did not help the growth of the French population. ...
Zwaigenbaum Lonnie L Department of Paediatrics, McMaster Children's Hospital at McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada. - - 2007
Detecting early signs of autism is essential for timely diagnosis and initiation of effective interventions. Several research groups have initiated prospective studies of high-risk populations including infant siblings, to systematically collect data on early signs within a longitudinal design. Despite the potential advantages of prospective studies of young children at ...
Walshaw C A CA Oakworth Health Centre, 3 Lidget Mill, Oakworth, Keighley, West Yorkshire BD22 7HN, UK. - - 2008
To compare the effect of traditional and "baby-led" breastfeeding advice on early infant weight gain and exclusive breastfeeding rates. Longitudinal cohort study: part prospective, part retrospective. One UK general practice. 63 exclusively breastfed infants in two cohorts: 32 babies born before and 31 babies born after a change in breastfeeding ...
Anderson Alex K - - 2007
The authors analyzed data from a trial assessing the efficacy of breastfeeding peer counseling (PC) for increasing exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) to (1) examine whether different ethnic groups responded differently to the intervention and (2) document the determinants of EBF. At 2 months postpartum, the prevalence of EBF in the intervention ...
Giovannini Marcello - - 2007
The relationship of low prepregnant body mass index with breastfeeding was investigated in 1272 women who delivered a term infant with birthweight > or = 2500 g at the San Paolo Hospital in Milan, Northern Italy. Underweight was defined using the Institute of Medicine's cutoff of 19.8 kg/m(2). Women were ...
Fewtrell Mary S - - 2007
Before 2001, the World Health Organization (WHO) recommended that infants be exclusively breastfed for 4-6 mo with the introduction of complementary foods (any fluid or food other than breast milk) thereafter. In 2001, after a systematic review and expert consultation, this advice was changed, and exclusive breastfeeding is now recommended ...
Jacobs Lorili Audrey - - 2007
Nipple position is believed to influence breastfeeding success. To investigate this belief, submental ultrasound images were obtained during breastfeeding of normal term infants. This study measured nipple to hard-soft palate distance (NHSPD) in 18 mother-infant pairs during the first and fourth weeks of life. Median NHSPD was 5 mm (interquartile: ...
Gabriele Carmelo - - 2007
Guidelines for the measurement of fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FE(NO)) recommend refraining from lung function tests (LFT) and certain foods and beverages before performing FE(NO) measurements, as they may lead to transiently altered FE(NO) levels. Little is known of such factors in infants. The aim of the present study was ...
Haiek Laura N - - 2007
The study objective was to measure breastfeeding rates and patterns in the Montérégie region of Québec. A survey of 632 mothers of 6-month-old infants was performed, of which 80% initiated breastfeeding, and 68% exclusively breastfed at birth. Breastfeeding rates progressively decreased with time: 63%, 56%, 51%, 44%, 39%, and 32% ...
Jacknowitz Alison - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the association between participation in the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) and adherence to 4 American Academy of Pediatrics recommendations on infant feeding. METHODS: We used data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Birth Cohort, which is nationally representative of children born ...
Xu Fenglian - - 2007
AIM: To identify the prevalence of breastfeeding initiation and the determinants of the breastfeeding initiation in Xinjiang, PR China, 2003-2004. METHODS: A cohort study of infant feeding practices was undertaken in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, PR China. A total 1219 mothers were randomly recruited in five hospitals or institutes located ...
- - 2007
Evidence continues to mount regarding the value of breastfeeding for both women and their infants. The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists strongly supports breastfeeding and calls on its Fellows, other health care professionals caring for women and their infants, hospitals, and employers to support women in choosing to breastfeed ...
Callaghan William M - - 2007
Pregnant women and infants have unique health concerns in the aftermath of a natural disaster such as Hurricane Katrina. Although exact numbers are lacking, we estimate that approximately 56,000 pregnant women and 75,000 infants were directly affected by the hurricane. Disruptions in the supply of clean water for drinking and ...
Dorea Jose G - - 2007
The rise in smoking rates among young women has implications for children's health aggravated in lower social strata where infant morbidity and mortality rates are higher. The protection afforded by breastfeeding is beneficial to infants in rich and poor countries alike. Women (especially when young, uneducated, and unsupported) who are ...
Snijders Bianca E P - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: We studied the association between breastfeeding and eczema, taking into account the possible influence of reverse causation, with risk period-specific analyses. METHODS: Information on breastfeeding, determinants, and outcomes at 1 year of age was collected with repeated questionnaires for 2405 mother-infant pairs participating in the KOALA (Child, Parent and ...
Qiu Liqian - - 2007
Breastfeeding is the foundation of good nutrition and provides the basis for health throughout the life span. The WHO and the Chinese Ministry of Public Health recommend exclusive breastfeeding to six months of age. The practice of giving prelacteal feeds may interfere with the establishment of good breastfeeding practices and ...
Lee Warren T K - - 2007
Breastfeeding rate has been low in Hong Kong over the last three decades. This has happened with concomitant rapid economic development and improved living standards. A population-based survey was conducted to evaluate factors influencing decision, duration and early cessation of breastfeeding in 3,204 full-term healthy infants under 6 months throughout ...
Beasley Annette - - 2007
Despite current scientific evidence that artificial feeding is a harmful practice, unquestioned acceptance of breastfeeding as the normal or "default" method of infant feeding remains elusive in the industrialised world. Throughout the developing world the profound consequences of the aggressive marketing strategies of the infant formula industry since the end ...
Stowe Zachary N - - 2007
The literature and majority of professional organizations endorse breastfeeding as a means to provide a number of health benefits to both mother and child. Notably, the postpartum period heralds an increased vulnerability for both new onset and symptom worsening of neuropsychiatric disorders, particularly bipolar disorder in women. While pharmacologic treatment ...
Kummeling Ischa - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: Antibiotic exposure in early life may be associated with atopic disease development either by interfering with bacterial commensal flora or by modifying the course of bacterial infections. We evaluated early life exposure to antibiotics and the subsequent development of eczema, wheeze, and allergic sensitization in infancy. METHODS: Information on ...
Wong Esther Hy - - 2007
Peer counselling is reported to increase breastfeeding rates. We evaluated an intervention consisting of mainly telephone contact peer counselling programme on breastfeeding duration and exclusivity. Peer counsellors (PCs) were mothers who had successfully breastfed and had received formal training. Following a postnatal visit, they provided scheduled telephone consultations (Days 1, ...
Crookston Benjamin T - - 2007
The benefits of initiating breastfeeding in the first hour of life and exclusively breastfeeding thereafter are well documented. However, little is known about how best to promote these practices. In this study, we assess the impact of Buddhist nuns and wat (pagoda) grannies on optimal breastfeeding behaviours in rural Cambodia. ...
Agampodi Suneth B - - 2007
Exclusive breastfeeding up to the completion of the sixth month of age is the national infant feeding recommendation for Sri Lanka. The objective of the present study was to collect data on exclusive breastfeeding up to six months and to describe the association between exclusive breastfeeding and selected socio-demographic factors. ...
Gentile S - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the usefulness of the milk-to-plasma (M/P) ratio for assessing the risks for the breastfed infant associated with the maternal use of SSRIs. DATA SOURCES: Medline, Toxnet, Embase, Current Contents, and PsycInfo indexed articles from 1980 to September 2006. STUDY SELECTION AND DATA EXTRACTION: All studies reporting the ...
Rasmussen Kathleen Maher - - 2007
The objective of this review is to evaluate the evidence for a link between maternal obesity and poor lactation performance. In nonhuman species, excess maternal fatness is deleterious for lactation and also for maternal health and survival. These effects occur during pregnancy and as milk production is beginning. They may ...
Beasley Annette - - 2007
The relationship between poverty and human development touches on a central aim of the International Breastfeeding Journal's editorial policy which is to support and protect the health and wellbeing of all infants through the promotion of breastfeeding. It is proposed that exclusive breastfeeding for 6 months, followed by continued breastfeeding ...
Xu Fenglian - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To document 'exclusive breastfeeding' duration and factors associated with duration in Xinjiang, PR China. METHODS: A cohort of 1219 mothers in Xinjiang, PR China was recruited to study their infant feeding practices. The mothers who delivered babies during 2003 and 2004 were contacted in hospital and again at 0.5, ...
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