Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1337
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Rossman Beverly - - 2007
Traditionally, women have relied upon the wisdom and experience of other women to learn about mothering and breastfeeding. In the United States, however, this once-standard mother-to-mother interaction was almost nonexistent by the mid-20th century. Recent advances in the understanding of the benefits of breastfeeding for maternal and child health have ...
Jevitt Cecilia - - 2007
Research shows that mothers who are obese (with a BMI >30) are less likely to initiate lactation, have delayed lactogenesis II, and are prone to early cessation of breastfeeding. Black women, with the highest rates of American obesity, have the lowest rates and shortest duration of breastfeeding compared to Hispanic ...
Hurst Nancy M - - 2007
Delayed or failed achievement of lactogenesis II--the onset of copious milk volume--occurs as a result of various maternal and/or infant factors. Early recognition of these risk factors is critical for clinicians who interact with breastfeeding women so that intervention and achievement of full or partial breastfeeding can be preserved. This ...
Dall'Oglio Immacolata - - 2007
AIM: The study evaluates a breastfeeding promotion program in an Italian neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) over a period of time. METHODS: Clinical data of the newborns admitted in the NICU of the Bambino Gesu' Children's Hospital in Rome in 2002 were gathered (78; program implemented) and were compared to ...
Brodribb Wendy - - 2007
The aims of this article are to outline the reasons Australian women give for initiating breastfeeding, identify unique predictors for these reasons, and use principal components factor analysis to determine factors that influence a woman's decision to breastfeed. Data were collected as part of a large longitudinal study investigating the ...
Al-Zubairi Lutf M - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of effective breastfeeding (EBF) practice and its association with weight of young infants, mother's education, employment status, and parity. METHODS: The study is a cross-sectional, conducted in Dula Health Center in Sana'a city, the capital of Yemen during the year 2003. Six hundred and twenty-one ...
Smith Linda J - - 2007
For breastfeeding to start and continue, the newborn must be able to suck, swallow, and breathe; the mother must be able and willing to let her infant breastfeed; and surroundings must support the biological unit: the mother-baby dyad. This article reviews how birth practices, including epidural anesthesia, cesarean surgery, forceps, ...
Walters Mary W - - 2007
PURPOSE: To determine whether breastfeeding behaviors, skin temperature, and blood glucose values could be influenced through the use of kangaroo care at the time of birth in healthy full term infants. METHOD: Descriptive study with nine full term neonates given kangaroo care beginning within 1 minute of birth and continuing ...
King Joyce - - 2007
The benefits of breastfeeding for both the infant and the mother are undisputed. Longer intervals between births decrease fetal/infant and maternal complications. Lactation is an effective contraceptive for the first 6 months postpartum only if women breastfeed exclusively and at regular intervals, including nighttime. Because a high percentage of women ...
Smith Joan Renaud - - 2007
As the incidence of late preterm births continues to rise, health care providers need to be aware of this population's unique needs. This review focuses on the additional risks late preterm infants encounter related to unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia and the importance of breastfeeding support and follow-up. Additional, population-based studies concentrating on ...
Kamudoni Penjani - - 2007
This cross-sectional study aimed at investigating infant feeding practices and their sociodemographic correlates in Mangochi District, Malawi. Questionnaire data from 157 rural and 192 semiurban mother-infant pairs were obtained. Early breastfeeding (< 1 hour after delivery) was practiced among 68.2% of the rural and 63% of the semiurban mothers. Colostrum ...
Ystrom Eivind - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To assess the degree to which mothers' prepartum personality traits predict breastfeeding status at 6 months postpartum. STUDY DESIGN: This prospective cohort study is part of the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study, conducted at the Norwegian Institute of Public Health. A total of 27,753 mothers completed assessment of ...
Ball, H. L.
Research into mother–infant cosleeping with breastfeeding represents a relatively new area for behavioral and physiological investigation inspired by evolutionary thinking. This topic within the evolutionary medicine rubric might well be the furthest along in terms of how much of the data produced by laboratory and in-home field studies is regularly ...
Edmond Karen M - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Strong associations between delayed initiation of breastfeeding and increased neonatal mortality (2-28 d) were recently reported in rural Ghana. Investigation into the biological plausibility of this relation and potential causal pathways is needed. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to assess the effect of early infant feeding practices (delayed initiation, prelacteal ...
Meyer Aila - - 2007
Current international breastfeeding guidelines recommend exclusive breastfeeding for 6 months, followed by the appropriate and adequate introduction of complementary foods at 6 months, with continued breastfeeding for 2 years and beyond. This guideline is based on evidence to support exclusive and extended breastfeeding as the optimal method of feeding infants ...
Milton Abul Hasnat - - 2007
Arsenic groundwater contamination in Bangladesh warrants immediate remediation. This randomised controlled intervention trial was conducted to determine the effectiveness of two possible interventions: dug wells and three-pitcher filters. A total of 640 individuals participated with 218 randomised to the dug well group, 216 to the three-pitcher group and 206 to ...
Akerström S - - 2007
AIM: To determine the extent and duration of breastfeeding in preterm and sick newborn infants admitted to a level IIb neonatal unit (NU). METHOD: Hospital-based follow-up of 1730 infants born in 1996, 2001 and 2004, and studied from discharge to 6 months of post-natal age. RESULTS: At discharge from the ...
Hendricks Michael K - - 2007
Existing dietary recommendations and nutrition counselling provided to mothers/caregivers at primary healthcare (PHC) facilities are reviewed and analysed to be consistent with food-based dietary guidelines (FBDGs) that are being developed for preschool children. Recommendations provided by the Integrated Management of Childhood Illness and the provincial Paediatric Case Management Guidelines, which ...
Wallis Mary - - 2007
The first article in this series highlighted the challenges that mothers face in establishing breastfeeding (Wallis and Harper 2007). Breastfeeding a sick infant in hospital presents additional challenges such as small, sleepy babies, babies who may be nil by mouth for prolonged periods and babies who may find breastfeeding difficult ...
Rivera Ana Font - - 2008
The aim of the study is to identify the level of knowledge on breastfeeding by mothers of infants with spina bifida and the barriers encountered in initiating breastfeeding. A non-probabilisitic sample (n=30) of mothers was used in this study. The sample was obtained in two institutions specializing in care for ...
Ladomenou Fani - - 2007
AIM: To identify maternal and infantile factors affecting intention to breastfeed, early weaning and duration of breastfeeding. DESIGN/SUBJECTS: In a prospective cohort study, 1049 mothers were interviewed after delivery and at 1, 3, 6, 9 and 12 months post-partum. RESULTS: Of 1049 mothers, 942 (89.7%) intended to breastfeed. Negative attitude ...
Abu Naser A A - - 2007
A descriptive, cross-sectional and analytical study was carried out in 3 areas of the Gaza Strip, Palestine, in 2002, to determine the factors associated with high methaemoglobin (Met-Hb) levels in infants and the relationship with nitrate concentration in drinking water wells. Drinking water sources were likely to be the main ...
Gammino Victoria M - - 2007
Changes in traditional foodways associated with increasing modernization have affected the feeding patterns of infants and young children. Declines in the duration of exclusive breastfeeding have been associated with poor nutritional status and increased morbidity from infectious diseases. We conducted a cross-sectional survey of dietary intake in children under six ...
Kourtis Athena P - - 2007
Breastfeeding accounts for up to half of all infant human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infections worldwide and carries an estimated transmission risk of about 15% when continued into the second year of life. Because replacement feeding is not safely available, culturally acceptable, or affordable in many parts of the world and ...
Hawkes Joanna S - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: There are conflicting reports as to whether breastfed infants respond with higher antibody levels to conjugate Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) vaccine compared with formula-fed infants. These observations prompted us to investigate the effect of feeding method on the antibody concentration to Hib polyribosylribitol (PRP) both prior to and ...
Okechukwu A A - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The practicability of excusive breastfeeding (EBFing) for 6 months by mothers, especially the employed ones, in this country has been a big question to answer considering the short duration of their maternity leave of 3 months around their delivery. Using WHO recommendation as a point of reference, the present ...
Santo Lilian Cordova do Espírito - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The identification of factors that are associated with early cessation of exclusive breastfeeding is important for defining strategies for the promotion of exclusive breastfeeding. The objective of this study was to identify the determinants of exclusive breastfeeding cessation before 6 months, including variables that generally receive little attention, such ...
Dornelles Cristina T L - - 2007
Acute viral bronchiolitis is a common respiratory infectious disease of infancy. A prospective study was carried out with 175 infants aged up to six months to evaluate their nutritional and breastfeeding status as possible risk factors for unfavourable evolution of previously-healthy infants from a care hospital. Immunofluorescence test for virus ...
Kutlu Ruhu┼čen - - 2007
This retrospective study assessed the effects of pre- and post-training programme for healthcare professionals about breastfeeding. The study included 3,114 mothers who had children aged 1-72 month(s). Their knowledge and behaviours relating to breastfeeding were evaluated. The mothers were randomly divided into two groups: the 'before' group included 2,000 women ...
Dungy Claibourne I - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: This study: (1) investigated infant feeding attitudes and knowledge among socioeconomically disadvantaged mothers in an urban community with historically low breastfeeding rates, (2) examined the influence of women's social networks on infant feeding attitudes and decisions, and (3) validated a measure of infant feeding attitudes and knowledge in this ...
- - 2007
Breastfeeding is associated with decreased risk for many early-life diseases and conditions, including otitis media, respiratory tract infections, atopic dermatitis, gastroenteritis, type 2 diabetes, sudden infant death syndrome, and obesity. Breastfeeding also is associated with health benefits to women, including decreased risk for type 2 diabetes, ovarian cancer, and breast ...
Kanufre Viviane C - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of breastmilk as a source of phenylalanine (phe) on levels of this amino acid and on growth in phenylketonuric infants. METHODS: The study recruited 35 breastfed phenylketonuric infants and compared their results with those of 35 infants fed on commercial, milk-based formula. The groups were ...
Huang Mei Zen - - 2007
AIMS: The objectives of this study were to evaluate a web-based breastfeeding education programme provided to primigravida in the third trimester of pregnancy with the aim of deepening breastfeeding knowledge and enhancing skills. The study was conducted at a hospital in Taiwan. BACKGROUND: Education is the cornerstone supporting the framework ...
Benevenuto de Oliveira Márcia María - - 2007
The present study evaluated the breastfeeding practice of 278 preterm infants born at the University Hospital of Londrina, Paraná, Brazil, during hospitalization and in the first 6 months of life. Data were obtained from the hospital records, and the mothers were interviewed by home visit (75.5%) or by telephone (24.5%) ...
Bonet Mercedes - - 2007
AIM: To assess breastfeeding trends in hospital, between 1998 and 2003, according to several characteristics of mothers and maternity units. METHODS: Two representative national samples of births, comprising 13,600 live births in 1998 and 14,580 in 2003 were used. Data were collected during hospital stay. All newborns fed entirely or ...
Pereira Marta - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the long-term stability of B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) in frozen samples at -20 degrees C. DESIGN AND METHODS: During a health and nutrition survey of a representative sample of the adult population of Porto, Portugal, blood samples were collected in EDTA tubes. Aliquots of plasma were frozen ...
Johnson Teresa S - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To describe the development of the Mother-Infant Breastfeeding Progress Tool to be used at the bedside by nurses to guide ongoing support and education for the mother-baby dyad. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Community hospital in a Midwestern city. PARTICIPANTS: Sixty-two English-speaking mother-infant dyads. METHODS: Three nurse raters (two per ...
Laborde Laurent - - 2007
AIM: To estimate the percentage of breastfeeding mothers with home access to e-technologies and to compare breastfeeding outcomes for mothers with and without access to e-technologies. METHODS: We conducted a prospective observational study of 550 breastfeeding mothers discharged from nine maternity units in France. RESULTS: Overall, 435 mothers (79%; 95% ...
Wang Ann-Ching - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Hypernatremic dehydration amongst exclusively breastfed neonates due to inadequate breastfeeding or underfeeding is a potentially devastating condition. We investigated the epidemiological and clinic features of hypernatremic dehydration. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of neonates that were less than 28 days of age, weighing > or =2000 g ...
Koehler Susanne - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To examine the effects of nutritional counseling for the infant diet focused on complementary feeding and total diet by use of dietary scores. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In a randomized controlled intervention trial, 183 mothers of full-term infants were allocated to 4 intervention groups (IG0-IG3). Intervention consisted of dietary counseling ...
Colombo Carla - - 2007
AIM: To study the effect of breastfeeding (BF) on growth, lung function and number of infections during the first 3 years of life in children with cystic fibrosis (CF). MATERIAL AND METHODS: One hundred forty-six CF patients, 5-18 years old, were recruited at their annual care visit. Information about infant ...
Flacking R - - 2007
AIM: To describe the impact of prematurity, size at birth, neonatal disorders and the families' socioeconomic status (SES) on breastfeeding duration in mothers of very preterm infants. METHODS: Prospective population-based cohort study. Data on breastfeeding, registered in databases in two Swedish counties in 1993-2001, were matched with data from two ...
Clark Alena - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess the knowledge, attitudes, behaviors and training needs of child care providers on infant feeding practices, specifically breastfeeding. METHODS: Needs assessment surveys for child care directors and infant room teachers were developed, tested and mailed to the 277 Colorado child care centers ...
Gill Sara L - - 2007
Researchers attempted to increase the initiation of breastfeeding and its duration to 6 months among a group of low-income, Hispanic women through an intervention program which included prenatal education and home based postpartum support. All participants were telephoned after delivery to determine infant feeding method. Duration of breastfeeding was determined ...
Uras Nurdan - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: This study was carried out to assess the incidence, presenting complaints, risk factors, and methods for prevention of hypernatremic dehydration among term and near-term breastfeeding infants. METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated term and near-term (> or =35 weeks of gestation) neonates admitted to our neonatology department, during a four-year period ...
Petrova Anna - - 2007
There are a few studies on the consequence of the use of breastmilk substitutes during the postpartum hospital stay on the duration of breastfeeding in the culturally diverse populations of the United States. The main purpose of this study was to identify the association between the in-hospital feeding pattern and ...
Mihrshahi Seema - - 2007
The objective of this study was to investigate the association between the prevalence of exclusive breastfeeding and morbidity (diarrhoeal diseases and acute respiratory infection) in infants aged 0-3 month(s) using the Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS) 2003 data from Bangladesh. The study population included 1633 infants aged 0-3 month(s). The ...
Zafar Hanna M - - 2007
PURPOSE: To prospectively ascertain what characteristics of radiologists, their practices, and their work environment affect professional satisfaction and to describe recent changes in satisfaction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Survey respondents were guaranteed confidentiality. Those who consented to participate were informed of the nature of the study. The authors analyzed nonindividually identified ...
Xie Ri-hua - - 2007
To examine the relationship between fetal gender and postpartum depression, we conducted a cohort study in Changsha, Hunan, China between September 2004 and January 2005. Women aged 18-40 years with their first live birth of a singleton infant who came to hospital for postpartum examination at 6 weeks after childbirth ...
Koklu Esad - - 2007
We aimed to assess the incidence, neurologic and neurodevelopmental outcome of breastfeeding-associated hypernatremic dehydration among hospitalized neonates in rural area of central Turkey. A retrospective study was conducted at Gevher Nesibe Hospital over a 6-year period, to identify otherwise healthy term and near-term (> or = 35 weeks of gestation) ...
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