Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1338
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Cooklin Amanda R - - 2008
AIM: To investigate the effect of maternal postnatal employment on breastfeeding duration in Australia in the first 6 months after birth. METHOD: Secondary data analysis of the infant data (2004) from the Longitudinal Study of Australian Children (LSAC). Complete maternal and breastfeeding data were available for 3,697 infants. Multivariable logistic ...
Donath S M - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of gestation on initiation and duration of breastfeeding in Australian infants. METHODS: The Longitudinal Study of Australian Children recruited a national sample of children born between March 2003 and February 2004 (n = 3600 in this multivariate sample). RESULTS: ...
Hake-Brooks Sara J - - 2008
To determine the effects of kangaroo care (KC) (skin-to-skin contact) on breastfeeding status in mother-preterm infant dyads from postpartum through 18 months. Randomized, controlled trial. The control group received standard nursery care; in the intervention group, unlimited KC was encouraged. A subsample of 66 mothers and their preterm infants (32-36 ...
Foulkes J L - - 2008
Despite its health benefits, only 63% of women in Scotland will attempt to breastfeed. Our aim was to investigate future feeding intentions and attitudes in adolescents in the south east of Scotland. Of the 757 adolescents questioned, 78.8% of girls (n = 430) and 61.6% of boys (n = 130) ...
Venancio Sonia I - - 2008
Many reports about breastfeeding prevalence and factors associated with weaning have been published in the scientific literature. However, the influence of newborn feeding practices on the duration of exclusive breastfeeding has received less attention. This study provides information about the introduction of liquids, other than the mother's milk, to infants ...
Silvers Jennifer A - - 2008
There is little extant research on the psychological or physiological response to witnessing good deeds. The authors call the emotional reaction to virtue "moral elevation" and the authors examined its effects on mother-infant dyads. Breastfeeding women who watched a morally elevating video were more likely to nurse their infants and ...
Bii S C - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To determine the types and modes of infant feeding practices among the HIV infected mothers on prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) and attending MCH-FP clinic at Kitale District Hospital, Kenya. DESIGN: Descriptive cross-sectional study. SETTING: Kitale District Hospital in Western Kenya within the maternal and child health and family ...
Chen Li-Hui - - 2008
A study undertaken in Taiwan in 2001 is reported here with the aim of improving understanding about the socio-cultural factors that may affect a woman's decisions about infant feeding. AIM OF THE STUDY: to determine the current status of infant feeding and the influences of basic sociodemographic characteristics and social ...
Hurley Kristen M - - 2008
The objective of this study was to examine how breastfeeding behaviours, perceptions and experiences vary by race/ethnicity among a low-income sample in the USA. Bilingual interviewers conducted a cross-sectional telephone survey of 767 white, African American or Hispanic mothers who received the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and ...
McDowell Margaret M - - 2008
Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys. The percentage of infants who were ever breastfed increased from 60% among infants who were born in 1993-1994 to 77% among infants who were born in 2005-2006. Breastfeeding rates increased significantly among non-Hispanic black women from 36% in 1993-1994 to 65% ...
Colaizy T T - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: We hypothesized that neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) admission reduces breastfeeding in a recent population of US infants, adjusting for confounding factors. STUDY DESIGN: Using pregnancy risk assessment monitoring system data from 27 states for the years 2000 to 2003, we determined the relationship between breastfeeding and gestational age ...
Al-Hreashy Fouzia A - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To assess the breastfeeding practices in the first 6 months of infants at King Abdulaziz Medical City (KAMC), Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out at KAMC in 2005. Infants who attended the primary care centers and well-baby clinic of the hospital for the ...
Cortese Margaret M - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: We sought to describe the rates of pertussis hospitalization among infants by using databases that do not rely on passive reporting and compare with results obtained from the passive national surveillance system. METHODS: The incidence of infant pertussis hospitalization in 1993 to 2004 was determined by using 2 national ...
Ahmed Azza H - - 2008
PURPOSE: To develop, implement, and examine the effect of a breastfeeding educational program on breastfeeding knowledge and practices of Egyptian mothers of preterm infants. METHODS: An experimental design was used with a convenience sample of 60 mothers and their preterm infants who were born before 37 weeks of gestation. They ...
Jansson Lauren M - - 2008
Breastfeeding among methadone-maintained women is frequently challenged because of unclear guidelines regarding this practice. Previous research has confirmed that concentrations of methadone in breastmilk in the neonatal period are low. Currently unknown are the concentrations of methadone in breastmilk among women who breastfeed for longer periods of time. The purpose ...
Lindsay Ana Cristina - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding and weaning practices are important determinants of growth and development not only in infancy but also later in life. OBJECTIVE: To describe infant-feeding practices and beliefs about complementary feeding among low-income Brazilian mothers. METHODS: Qualitative methods included focus group discussions with low-income mothers enrolled in a Family Health/Community ...
Brickhouse Tegwyn H - - 2008
PURPOSE: This study's purpose was to examine the current knowledge, attitudes, and experiences related to infant oral health for dental and medical providers in Virginia. METHODS: A survey of infant oral health care was sent to: (a) 300 randomly selected general dentists; (b) 300 randomly selected pediatricians; and (c) all ...
John-Stewart Grace C GC Departments of Medicine and Epidemiology, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, - - 2008
To review new studies and directions regarding infant feeding and HIV-1 transmission. With antiretroviral drugs and shortened breastfeeding, breast milk HIV-1 transmission risk can be decreased from 16 to less than 5%. In the context of peripartum antiretroviral drugs/short breastfeeding, replacement feeding provides negligible benefit in decreasing the risk of ...
Kohlhuber Martina - - 2008
Breastfeeding is the recommended feeding for all healthy infants. The aim of our study was to assess the current state of breastfeeding prevalence, duration and behaviour in Bavaria, Germany as a basis for targeting breastfeeding promotion measures. The Bavarian Breastfeeding Study is a prospective cohort study of 3822 mothers who ...
Colson Suzanne D - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Despite widespread skills-teaching, 37% of UK mothers initiating breastfeeding stop by six weeks suggesting a need to reappraise current support strategies. Rooting, sucking and swallowing have been studied extensively but little is known about the role other primitive neonatal reflexes (PNRs) might play to support breastfeeding. AIMS: To describe ...
Donnot Julien - - 2008
This study examines the relationships between infant holding preferences and maternal depression according to the newborn feeding mode. Links between depression and infant holding biases have been observed in mothers [Vauclair, J., Scola, C. (in press). Dépression, alexithymie et latéralisation dans la façon de porter un nouveau-né [Infant holding biases ...
Field Tiffany T Touch Research Institutes, University of Miami School of Medicine, P.O. Box 016820, Miami, FL 33101, United - - 2008
Although a large literature supports the benefits of breastfeeding, this review suggests that breastfeeding is less common among postpartum depressed women, even though their infants benefit from the breastfeeding. Depressed mothers, in part, do not breastfeed because of their concern about potentially negative effects of antidepressants on their infants. Although ...
Bulk-Bunschoten Anneke M W - - 2008
This prospective study of 4438 infants (0-4 months) examined differences in infant-feeding patterns in relation to the ethnic origin of their mothers, based on the mother's native language: Dutch (87%), Turkish (4%), Moroccan (3%), other European languages (3%), and various other languages (4%). Breastfeeding at birth varied between 75% and ...
Freeman Katherine - - 2008
The authors' objective was to determine whether cumulative weekly breastfeeding duration by 13 weeks was associated with infant otitis media, respiratory and gastrointestinal illness, and total illness visits up to 12 months. The authors performed a secondary analysis of data from a randomized clinical trial of low-income, primarily Hispanic and ...
Nejat Farideh - - 2008
OBJECT: Previous studies have shown nutritional benefits of breastfeeding for a child's health, especially for protection against infection. Protective factors in human milk locally and systemically prevent infections in the gastrointestinal as well as upper and lower respiratory tracts. It remains unclear whether breastfeeding protects infants against ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt ...
Mihrshahi S - - 2008
Allergen avoidance has been a major component of most programs for primary prevention of asthma and allergic diseases in childhood. As a part of the Childhood Asthma Prevention Study, families were provided with written and oral information on measures considered to be helpful in the primary prevention of allergic disease ...
Suyes Kathryn - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Workplace accommodations for breastfeeding mothers are an important step towards achieving United States Healthy People 2010 goals for continued breastfeeding. However, evidence suggests that some employers wishing to accommodate lactating mothers fear negative reactions from other workers. METHODS: This study conducted in February 2007, used descriptive statistics and linear ...
Berry Nina J - - 2008
The recent release of new growth charts by the World Health Organization (WHO) heralds a fresh understanding of what constitutes normal infant growth and development. The Multicenter Growth Reference Study that underpins these new growth standards 'establish[es] breastfed infants as the normative model for growth and development'. This is in ...
Creedy Debra K - - 2008
BACKGROUND: There are few reliable and valid tools to assess lactation and infant feeding knowledge and practices. This study tested the psychometric properties of two new scales, the Newborn Feeding Ability (NFA) questionnaire and Breastfeeding Initiation Practices (BIP) scale to assess midwives' breastfeeding knowledge and practices specific to breastfeeding initiation. ...
Qiu Liqian - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding is the basis for appropriate nutrition for infants and is strongly supported by the Ministry of Health in China. However, there are differences in infant feeding practices in different areas of the country. The aim of this study was to compare the infant feeding practices and the prevalence ...
Hatsu Irene E - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Women gain total body weight and accrue body fat during pregnancy. Breastfeeding has been suggested as an efficient means of promoting postpartum weight loss due to its high energy cost. We investigated the effect of infant feeding mode on maternal body composition. METHODS: This study evaluated maternal weight and ...
Fjeld Eli - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Appropriate feeding practices are of fundamental importance for the survival, growth, development and health of infants and young children. The aim of the present study was to collect baseline information on current infant and young child feeding practices, attitudes and knowledge in Mazabuka, Zambia, using a qualitative approach. METHODS: ...
Straub Becky - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this exploratory study was to examine Cambodian refugee mothers' infant feeding beliefs, practices, and decision making regarding infant feeding in the U.S. and to explore if a culturally-specific breastfeeding program is appropriate for this community. METHODS: A self-administered questionnaire and a 30 minute in-person interview were ...
Brown Jane D - - 2008
The mass media have the potential to be powerful friends or foes in promoting breastfeeding. The media could help by putting the issue of breastfeeding on policy agendas and by framing breastfeeding as healthy and normative for baby and mother. Currently, however, it looks as if the media are more ...
Léger-Leblanc Gisèle - - 2008
PURPOSE: To evaluate initiation and duration of breastfeeding of infants born to mothers who participated in the Early Childhood Initiative (ECI) program. Factors affecting the initiation and the early cessation of breastfeeding were also explored. METHODS: Twenty-five pregnant women participating in the ECI program completed this prospective study. At 36 ...
Jansson Lauren M - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: In a sample of methadone-maintained breastfeeding women and a matched group of formula-feeding women, this study evaluated concentrations of methadone in breast milk among breastfeeding women and concentrations of methadone in maternal and infant plasma in both groups. METHODS: Eight methadone-maintained (dose: 50-105 mg/day), lactating women provided blood and ...
Nakao Yuko - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The proportion of mothers in Japan who breastfeed exclusively has been low since the 1970s. The purpose of this study was to examine the association between the time of first breastfeed after birth and the proportion of mothers fully breastfeeding up to four months postpartum. METHODS: A survey was ...
Madadi Parvaz - - 2008
BACKGROUND: We recently reported on a breastfed infant who succumbed to opioid toxicity following exposure to morphine, the active metabolite of codeine, which was prescribed to his mother who was a cytochrome P450 2D6 (CYP2D6) ultrarapid metabolizer. This report is believed to be the first case of neonatal fatality as ...
Koletzko Berthold - - 2008
This paper reviews current knowledge on the role of the long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC-PUFA), docosahexaenoic acid (DHA, C22:6n-3) and arachidonic acid (AA, 20:4n-6), in maternal and term infant nutrition as well as infant development. Consensus recommendations and practice guidelines for health-care providers supported by the World Association of Perinatal ...
Salminen Seppo - - 2008
The newborn is first colonized by microbes at birth. The colonizing bacteria originate mainly from the mother's gut, vaginal tract and skin. The origin of the microbiota and its development depend on genetics, mode of delivery, early feeding strategies and the hygienic conditions around the child. The indigenous microbiota of ...
Mihrshahi Seema - - 2008
BACKGROUND: In developing countries, infectious diseases such as diarrhoea and acute respiratory infections are the main cause of mortality and morbidity in infants aged less than one year. The importance of exclusive breastfeeding in the prevention of infectious diseases during infancy is well known. Although breastfeeding is almost universal in ...
Joyce Ted - - 2008
Recent analyses differ on how effective the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children (WIC) is at improving infant health. We use data from nine states that participate in the Pregnancy Nutrition Surveillance System to address limitations in previous work. With information on the mother's timing of WIC ...
Lian Yeo Cheo - - 2008
At Singapore General Hospital, approximately 240 infants of the 1500 deliveries per annum are delivered preterm, many of very low birth weight-median of 1210 g-often have extended hospital stays, even after they are declared medically fit. To better understand the discharge patterns of the preterm infants in the department, a ...
Sweet Linda - - 2008
An interpretive phenomenological study involving 17 Australian parents was undertaken to explore parents' experiences of breastfeeding very low birth weight (VLBW) preterm infants from birth to 12 months of age. Data were collected from 45 individual interviews held with both mothers and fathers, which were then transcribed verbatim and analysed ...
Marques Rejane C - - 2008
The variance of variables associated with neurodevelopment at 180 days, pre-natal variables (Hg in placenta, blood and hair) and post-natal Hg exposure (including Thimerosal-containing vaccines, TCV) were examined in 82 exclusively breastfed infants using principal component analysis (PCA). This multivariate method was applied to identify hierarchy and sets of interrelated ...
Bener A - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The fact that breastfeeding may protect against allergic diseases remains controversial, with hardly any reports from developing countries. Prolonged breastfeeding was shown to reduce the risk of allergic and respiratory diseases. AIM: The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between breastfeeding and the development of childhood ...
Neault Nicole B - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To examine the associations between breastfeeding and child health outcomes among citizen infants of mothers immigrant to the United States. DESIGN/METHODS: From September 1998 through June 2004, as part of the Children's Sentinel Nutrition Assessment Program, a sentinel sample of 3,592 immigrant mothers with infants aged 0 to 12 ...
Meier Paula P - - 2007
Late preterm infants (34 0/7-36 6/7 weeks of gestation) are often cared for in general maternity units by clinicians who have limited experience with the specific needs of these newborns. Although the benefits of human milk are well documented, mothers and their late preterm infants are at risk for poor ...
Santoro Junior Walter - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To describe an intervention to provide support and encouragement to mothers of preterm newborns and to evaluate its effect on breastfeeding rates in the first 6 months after hospital discharge. METHODS: One hundred newborns and their mothers were selected consecutively and prospectively according to order of birth. The mother-infant ...
McCann Margaret F - - 2007
Recent reports indicate that breastfeeding rates continue to be dramatically lower among WIC participants, compared with other US mothers. The WIC Infant Feeding Practices Study was a nationally representative 1-year longitudinal study of WIC participants that obtained information about attitudes regarding infant feeding and about infant-feeding practices. Hispanic mothers were ...
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