Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1339
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Fein Sara B - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Return to work is associated with diminished breastfeeding intensity and duration. Although more mothers breastfeed after returning to work now than earlier, research has not documented the strategies that mothers use for combining paid work and breastfeeding or their effect on breastfeeding outcomes. This study examined which strategies are ...
Li Ruowei - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Our goal was to test the hypothesis that infants who were breastfed more intensively during early infancy (< or = 6 months) will be less likely to have excess weight during late infancy (> 6 months) and to examine the independent impact of infant-initiated bottle emptying and mothers' encouragement ...
DiGirolamo Ann M - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Our goal was to assess the impact of "Baby-Friendly" hospital practices and other maternity-care practices experienced by mothers on breastfeeding duration. METHODS: This analysis of the Infant Feeding Practices Study II focused on mothers who initiated breastfeeding and intended prenatally to breastfeed for >2 months, with complete data on ...
Shealy Katherine R - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Although much has been published about breastfeeding rates, little is known about how breastfeeding is practiced in the United States. We describe the distributions and characteristics of practices related to common advice about breastfeeding during the infant's first year of life. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: Participants in the 2005-2007 Infant ...
Li Ruowei - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Our goal was to determine why women stop breastfeeding at various times during their infant's first year. METHODS: We analyzed self-reported data from 1323 mothers who participated in the Infant Feeding Practice Study II. Mail questionnaires were sent to mothers approximately 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 9, 10 ...
Qiu Liqian - - 2008
This paper describes the influence of caesarean section on breastfeeding rates in Zhejiang Province, People's Republic of China. A longitudinal cohort study of infant feeding was conducted in Zhejiang Province, in city, suburban and rural areas. Mothers were recruited and interviewed while in hospital and then followed for six months. ...
Agampodi Suneth Buddhika - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness and feasibility of on the job staff training and supportive supervision to improve six months Exclusive Breastfeeding (EBF). METHODS: A longitudinal study was conducted in a public health field practice area-Sri Lanka in 2006-2007. Three breastfeeding counseling sessions were conducted for public health midwives. Supportive ...
Wambach Karen A - - 2009
This qualitative descriptive study examined the breastfeeding experiences of urban adolescent mothers using a combination of focus groups and semi-structured interviews. Analysis of verbatim interview text, field, and debriefing notes was undertaken to discover categories, themes and an emerging conceptual framework. Twenty-three teens, between the ages of 14 and 18, ...
Yesildal Nuray - - 2008
Exclusive breastfeeding among infants less than or equal to 6 months old and continued breastfeeding (20-23 months) are high-priority indicators of infant health. We aimed to assess breastfeeding practices, using standardized breastfeeding indicators, and to determine the causes of early discontinuation of breastfeeding (< or = 6 months) in children ...
van der Horst Charles C University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA. - - 2009
In order to evaluate strategies to reduce HIV transmission through breast milk and optimize both maternal and infant health among HIV-infected women and their infants, we designed and implemented a large, randomized clinical trial in Lilongwe, Malawi. The development of protocols for large, randomized clinical trials is a complicated and ...
Mistry Yashmi - - 2008
Healthy People 2010 breastfeeding goals include 50% exclusive breastfeeding at 6 months. In California, US, Santa Clara County Women, Infants, and Children (SCCWIC) data indicated Asian participants had low (5.6%) 6-month breastfeeding rates. To examine infant-feeding practices, Vietnamese breastfeeding peer counselors surveyed 133 Vietnamese SCCWIC participants (> or= 18 years ...
Shi Ling - - 2008
Breastfeeding rates have decreased in the past decade in China. This study identifies psychosocial and sociodemographic factors associated with breastfeeding practices. A total of 599 mothers of infants 2 to 4 months old were interviewed using a structured questionnaire. Nearly all infants (95.5%) were breastfed, but only 4.2% were exclusively ...
van Wouwe Jacobus P - - 2009
AIM: The aim of this study was to gain insight into contraception practised and related to breastfeeding duration. METHODS: Mothers with infants up to 6 months received a questionnaire on infant feeding (breast or formula feeding) and contraception (hormonal or non-hormonal methods). Estimates of the time interval between resuming contraception ...
Walsh Shari P - - 2008
Despite being identified as an unsafe (and, in some jurisdictions, illegal) driving practice, the psychological factors underlying people's decision to use their mobile phone while driving have received little attention. The present study utilised the theory of planned behaviour (TPB) to examine the role of attitudes, norms, control factors, and ...
Morrison Lynn - - 2008
Our multicultural island community is unique in that many young mothers live in multigenerational households. In this qualitative study, we examined the factors that influenced young mothers' infant-feeding practices in Hilo, a small rural town in the Hawaiian Islands. The study participants consisted of young mothers, health care professionals, and ...
Amir Lisa H - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether the relationship between socioeconomic status and breastfeeding initiation and duration changed in Australia between 1995 and 2004. DESIGN AND SETTING: Secondary analysis of data from national health surveys (NHSs) conducted by the Australian Bureau of Statistics in 1995, 2001 and 2004-05. The Socio-Economic Indexes for Areas ...
Schoen Stefanie - - 2008
BACKGROUND: There are only a few small studies that compare breastfeeding rates in mothers with and without type 1 diabetes (T1D). STUDY DESIGN: We studied breastfeeding duration in 665 German infants whose mother and/or father had T1D from the BABYDIAB Study (data collected between 1992 and 2000) and compared it ...
Lamy Filho Fernando - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the results of the kangaroo mother method in Brazil. METHODS: A prospective cohort study comparing 16 units that have or do not have the second phase of the kangaroo mother method: eight were national centers of excellence for the kangaroo mother method (study group) and eight were ...
Otsuka Keiko - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between maternal perceptions of insufficient milk and breastfeeding confidence using the Breastfeeding Self-Efficacy Scale. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. PARTICIPANTS: Two hundred and sixty-two in-hospital breastfeeding mothers in Japan. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Breastfeeding self-efficacy was measured in-hospital and perception of insufficient milk was measured at 4 weeks ...
Pimenta Hellen P - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To determine the influence of non-nutritive sucking and oral stimulation programs on breastfeeding rates at discharge, at 3 and at 6 months of corrected age in preterm infants with very low birth weight. METHODS: Preterm infants were randomized into experimental and control groups. Ninety-eight preterm infants were randomized and ...
Wallis Anne Baber - - 2008
AIM: To describe the development and testing of the Romanian version of the Iowa Infant Feeding Attitude Scale (IIFAS-R). The original instrument has well-established psychometrics for use in English-speaking countries. METHODS: Questionnaires including demographics and items about prior pregnancy and opinions about breastfeeding in public were administered to women in ...
Abdul Ameer A J - - 2008
We assessed breastfeeding knowledge, attitudes and practices of 3413 Iraqi mothers and adult female relatives in the same household and their association with sociodemographic characteristics. The majority of the women (73.1%) initiated breastfeeding early after delivery, 92.9% believed colostrum was good for their baby and 64.6% breastfed on demand. However, ...
Oken Emily E Department of Ambulatory Care and Prevention, Harvard Medical School and Harvard Pilgrim Health Care, Boston, MA 02215, USA. - - 2008
Few studies have examined the overall effect of maternal fish intake during pregnancy on child development or examined whether the developmental benefits of maternal fish intake are greater in infants breastfed for a shorter duration. We aimed to study associations of maternal prenatal fish intake and breastfeeding duration with child ...
Magezi Sylvia Ruhweza - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To compare feeding and nutritional characteristics of infants born to mothers on the prevention of mother to child transmission (PMTCT) programs with infants not in the program. DESIGN: A hospital-based case-control study was used. SETTING: The study was conducted in Nsambya hospital, Kampala, Uganda. SUBJECTS: A total of 176 ...
Beamer Paloma P Community, Environment and Policy, Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona, AZ 85724, USA. - - 2008
This study was conducted to describe exposure prone behaviors of infants and toddlers in the farmworker community. Analysis of hand and mouth contact frequencies and durations aids understanding of how children interact with their environment and are exposed via contact with surfaces. All 23 participating children (8 female infants, 5 ...
Madadi P - - 2009
A large number of women receive codeine for obstetric pain while breastfeeding. Following a case of fatal opioid poisoning in a breastfed neonate whose codeine prescribed mother was a CYP2D6 ultrarapid metabolizer (UM), we examined characteristics of mothers and infants with or without signs of central nervous system (CNS) depression ...
Bae Woong Hwan WH Harvard College, Harvard Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, - - 2008
To assess hematologic and hepatic toxicities associated with in utero and breastfeeding exposure to maternal highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) among infants in Botswana. A nested cohort study within a randomized clinical trial (the Mashi Study). Laboratory toxicities among infants born to women who initiated HAART before delivery were compared ...
Mordini Bruno - - 2009
AIM: To evaluate the prevalence of full breastfeeding during the first 6 months of age and to discover if training programs for health caregivers and welfare initiatives at the community level could improve breastfeeding rates. METHODS: Newborn babies with gestational age > or =36 weeks and birth weight > or ...
van den Berg, M.
Practice and duration of breastfeeding were examined in relation to traditional practices and modern recommendations on infant care in Sri Lanka. Semi-structured interviews were conducted among 60 Sri Lankan mothers whose youngest child was 0.5-4 years. The results show that all mothers had breastfed their infants. Most respondents introduced additional ...
O'Brien Maxine - - 2008
AIM: This paper reports on a study examining the relationship between women's psychological characteristics and breastfeeding duration, after controlling for socio-demographic factors. BACKGROUND: The literature suggests that psychological factors may influence breastfeeding behaviour, but studies are few. Existing evidence and the results of phase 1 of our study were used ...
Nyqvist Kerstin Hedberg - - 2008
The aim of this study was to obtain suggestions from mothers of very preterm infants regarding modification of the Baby Friendly Hospital Initiative (BFHI) 10 Steps to Successful Breastfeeding. Thirteen mothers were interviewed 2 to 6 months after their infants' discharge from the hospital. The interviews generated 13 steps, which ...
Geraghty Sheela R SR Department of Pediatrics, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio 45229, USA. - - 2008
An estimated 70% of mothers in the United States initiate breastfeeding annually. Mothers often discuss breastfeeding problems with their infant's pediatrician. Pediatricians may feel unsure about their role when assisting the nonpatient, breastfeeding mother. By having practical solutions and support systems in place to anticipate and tend to breastfeeding mothers' ...
Larnkjaer Anni - - 2009
BACKGROUND: IGF-I is a major regulator of growth, influenced primarily by diet in infancy and primarily by GH in childhood. Breastfed infants have lower IGF-I levels compared to formula fed and tend to be shorter. The higher protein content of infant formula has a stimulatory effect on IGF-I production. Conversely, ...
Keister Drew - - 2008
Breastfeeding provides significant health benefits for infants and mothers. However, the United States continues to fall short of the breastfeeding goals set by the Healthy People 2010 initiative. The American Academy of Family Physicians, the American Academy of Pediatrics, and the American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology have policy statements ...
Jay Mandy - - 2008
We present here the results of carbon and nitrogen isotopic analysis of bone collagen undertaken on all skeletal remains of infants and young children below the age of 6 years (n = 34) from the internationally important British cemetery site at Wetwang Slack in East Yorkshire (middle Iron Age, ca. ...
Hay Gry - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Folate and cobalamin status changes markedly during infancy. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to examine the influence of breastfeeding on folate and cobalamin status in healthy infants. DESIGN: In a longitudinal study, we measured serum folate, cobalamin, holotranscobalamin, holohaptocorrin, methylmalonic acid, and homocysteine at birth and at ages 6, 12, and ...
Payne Deborah - - 2008
When mothers return to paid employment, which more and more are doing, they often give up breastfeeding. This qualitative study aims to describe New Zealand mothers' experiences of returning to paid employment and infant feeding. Thirty-four mothers who had given birth between 2003 and 205 were interviewed regarding their experiences ...
Kaplan Deborah L - - 2008
Breast milk is the gold standard for infant nutrition and the only necessary food for the first 6 months of an infant's life. Infant formula is deficient and inferior to breast milk in meeting infants' nutritional needs. The infant formula industry has contributed to low rates of breastfeeding through various ...
Geddes Donna T - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: There is evidence that infants with ankyloglossia can experience breastfeeding difficulties including poor attachment to the breast, suboptimal weight gain, and maternal nipple pain, which may lead to early weaning of the infant. No studies have investigated the cause of these breastfeeding difficulties. The objective of this study was ...
Akl Mohamed N - - 2008
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To estimate the efficacy of viewing an educational video in the acquisition of laparoscopic suturing skills. DESIGN: A prospective observational study (Canadian Task Force classification II-2). SETTING: Tertiary care academic medical institution. SUBJECTS: Twelve candidates interviewing for the female pelvic medicine and reconstructive surgery fellowship position at our ...
Britton John R - - 2008
To test the hypothesis that mothers with high self-concept will be more likely to breastfeed their infants than those with lower self-concept, 2 cohorts of mothers of term newborns were assessed by different forms of the Tennessee Self-Concept Scale. In study 1, mothers exclusively breastfeeding at 1 month postpartum had ...
Nyqvist K H - - 2008
AIM: To explore the development of breastfeeding capacity in very preterm infants, as an immature sucking behaviour is often mentioned as a barrier in the establishment of breastfeeding in these infants. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A prospective descriptive design study in which mothers of 15 infants, born at gestational ages between ...
Akman Ipek - - 2008
AIM: Depressive and anxiety symptoms are common in new mothers. The aim of this study is to explore the link between postpartum psychological adjustment and feeding preferences of the mothers. METHODS: Sixty mothers and newborns were enrolled in this prospective, longitudinal study. Maternal depressive symptoms were screened by the Edinburgh ...
Sakha K - - 2008
BACKGROUND: One of the most common complaints of nursing mothers in a few days after delivery is insufficient lactation. This is known to be partly due to the mothers' deficient knowledge of proper breastfeeding and often results in the beginning of bottlefeeding, which finally diminishes or ceases their breastfeeding. Considering ...
Nommsen-Rivers Laurie A - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: There is a need in breastfeeding behavior studies for a quantitative measure of maternal breastfeeding intentions. The Infant Feeding Intentions (IFI) scale was developed to fill this need. METHODS: Two items probe strength of intentions to initiate breastfeeding and subsequent items assess strength of intentions to be breastfeeding exclusively ...
McClellan Hl - - 2008
AIM: The objective of this study was to determine whether infants of mothers experiencing persistent nipple pain exerted very strong intraoral vacuums during a breastfeed. METHODS: Thirty mothers experiencing persistent pain during breastfeeding (Pain group; infants aged 49.4 +/- 35.5 days) were compared to 30 successfully breastfeeding mothers (Control group; ...
Huurre A - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The effects of breastfeeding and probiotics on infant sensitization still remain discrepant. OBJECTIVE: To explore probable explanatory factors in infant sensitization and the protective effect of probiotics. METHODS: Altogether 171 mother-infant pairs from an ongoing placebo-controlled double-blind study with nutrition modulation by dietary counselling and probiotic supplementation were studied. ...
Mok Elise - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this work was to compare breastfeeding practices, perceptions, and infant weight change of prepregnant obese versus normal-weight mothers in the first 3 months postpartum. PATIENTS AND METHODS: For the prospective case-control study, obese mothers (prepregnant BMI > or = 30 kg/m(2)) were matched with normal-weight mothers ...
Dennis Cindy-Lee - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effects of telephone-based support on smoking, preterm birth, low birthweight, breastfeeding, and postpartum depression. DATA SOURCES: Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth Group trials register (March 2006), Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (March 2006), Medline (1966-2006), EMBASE (1980-2006), and CINAHL (1982-2006). Secondary references were scanned and experts ...
Meehan Karen - - 2008
An electric pump loan program designed to facilitate breastfeeding for low-income mothers returning to full-time work was evaluated. All mothers were WIC participants in the Los Angeles area. Electric pump loans were made until the infant's first birthday or until the mother requested formula from WIC. Information was provided to ...
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