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Hopkinson Judy - - 2009
A randomized controlled trial is used to determine whether assigning mixed feeders to a breastfeeding clinic within 1 week postpartum will increase exclusive breastfeeding at 1 month among Hispanic immigrants. Subjects are eligible for the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC), and 85% are monolingual Hispanic. ...
Parizoto Giuliana M - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To study the trends and patterns of exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) for under-6-month-old infants in the city of Bauru, Brazil. METHODS: Data from three methodologically equivalent cross-sectional surveys integrating the project for monitoring breastfeeding indicators in São Paulo state were compared. Infants aged zero to 6 months who attended one ...
Miyake Yoshihiro - - 2009
Epidemiological studies associated with breastfeeding have provided conflicting results about whether it is preventive or a risk factor for atopic eczema in children. The current prospective study investigated the relationship between breastfeeding and the risk of atopic eczema in Japan. A birth cohort of 763 infants was followed. The first ...
Thulier Diane - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To identify the variables associated with breastfeeding duration. DATA SOURCES: The health science reference databases of CINAHL, PubMed, and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. STUDY SELECTION: Meta-analyses, Cochrane reviews, literature reviews, and quantitative and qualitative studies published in English from 1998 through 2008. DATA EXTRACTION: Data included all ...
Salud M A Lourdes B - - 2009
The Philippines is among 42 countries accounting for 90% of under 5-year-old deaths. Only 16% of 4 to 5 month old Filipinos exclusively breastfeed. In 2006, almost $100 million was spent advertising formula in the Philippines. To counter widespread misinformation and improve breastfeeding a peer counseling intervention was developed to ...
Sexton Sumi - - 2009
Physicians are often asked for guidance about pacifier use in children, especially regarding the benefits and risks, and when to appropriately wean a child. The benefits of pacifier use include analgesic effects, shorter hospital stays for preterm infants, and a reduction in the risk of sudden infant death syndrome. Pacifiers ...
Dennis Cindy-Lee - - 2009
CONTEXT: The negative health consequences of postpartum depression are well documented, as are the benefits of breastfeeding. Despite the detailed research related to these maternal and infant health outcomes, the relationship between maternal mood and breastfeeding remains equivocal. OBJECTIVE: A qualitative systematic review was conducted to examine the relationship between ...
Koyanagi Ai - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Early exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) is recommended by the World Health Organization, but EBF rates remain low throughout the world. For infants born to breastfeeding HIV-positive mothers, early EBF is associated with a lower risk of postnatal transmission than is feeding breast milk together with other liquids or foods. No ...
Cherop C E - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Breast milk is the best source of nutrients for young infants. It promotes optimal growth and development. WHO recommends Exclusive Breastfeeding (EBF) for the first 6 months of life as the best way of feeding an infant. EBF Prevalence in Kenya is low, there is need to find out ...
Sheehan Athena - - 2009
Research suggests women find the first 2 to 6 weeks to be the most difficult time for breastfeeding. It has been identified that women need and seek support with breastfeeding during this time. Support is a difficult concept to define. When discussed by professionals, support for breastfeeding is generally viewed ...
Glover Marewa - - 2009
This research explores the perceptions of New Zealand Māori women and their whānau (customary Māori extended family) toward barriers to achieving best outcomes in infant feeding: exclusively breastfed infants at 6 months. Interviews are undertaken with 59 Māori women who have given birth in the previous 3 years and 27 ...
Katikaneni Ranjitha - - 2009
Our goal was to determine if breastfeeding provides any protection against urinary tract infection (UTI) and if vitamin D supplementation imposes any additional risks for UTI in infants < 3 months of age. In this study, 40% of the children who had urine cultures were breastfed, and 18.7% of the ...
McCarter-Spaulding Deborah - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether breastfeeding self-efficacy predicts the duration and pattern of breastfeeding in a sample of Black women of African descent. DESIGN: Descriptive, longitudinal, cohort study. Participants were recruited during the postpartum hospitalization and followed monthly for 6 months or until complete weaning. Breastfeeding self-efficacy was measured using the ...
Jackson Debra J - - 2009
The field of mother to child transmission of human-immunodeficiency virus is rapidly evolving. In the United States, prevention focuses on implementation of universal human-immunodeficiency virus testing to assure compliance with recommended treatment regimens and infant-feeding strategies. In most cases, this is the avoidance of all breastfeeding. In developing countries, avoidance ...
Thorley Virginia - - 2009
While the concept of breastfeeding in contemporary Western culture is of a mother breastfeeding her own baby or babies, others have replaced the mother as provider of breastmilk, for a variety of reasons, through most periods of human existence. Existing policies for the sharing of this bodily fluid, milk, appear ...
Holmes Alison Volpe - - 2009
BACKGROUND: In the first 2 weeks of life, most breastfeeding mother-infant dyads in the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) receive infant formula from WIC, instead of a larger food package designed for exclusively breastfeeding mothers. This study was designed to explore reasons for high rates ...
Rautava Samuli S Developmental Gastroenterology Laboratory, Division of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Massachusetts General Hospital for Children, Charlestown, Massachusetts, USA. - - 2009
In addition to a near-optimal combination of nutrients for the growing infant, breastmilk contains a wide array of bioactive molecules that are known to protect the infant against infectious disease and modulate the composition of the indigenous intestinal microbiota. A growing number of factors that modulate the infant's immunophysiology have ...
Libster Romina - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding is a well-known protective factor against severe respiratory tract infections. Recently, a gender specific role for human milk has been described in very low birth weight infants and neonates: breast milk protected girls but not boys. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the protective effect of breastfeeding on the severity ...
Silvers Karen M - - 2009
The relationship between breastfeeding, respiratory and other allergic disorders has been controversial. Our aim was to investigate the relationships between breastfeeding, respiratory outcomes, eczema and atopy at 15 months of age in a prospective birth cohort in New Zealand. A total of 1105 children were enrolled at birth, and 1011 ...
Tohotoa Jenny - - 2009
The ability to breastfeed and continue the practice requires dedication, commitment, persistence and support. Mothers often need to overcome many obstacles to successfully breastfeed their babies and maintain their balance of home, family and work commitments. Evidence suggests that fathers want to be involved and be part of the parenthood ...
Berlin C M CM - - 2009
Two goals when counseling breastfeeding mothers taking medication are protecting the infant from adverse events and permitting necessary maternal therapy. Madadi et al. report a case-control study of neonatal and maternal opioid toxicity after codeine administration. Therapeutic considerations in counseling breastfeeding mothers include susceptibility to drug toxicity of the very ...
Abrahams Sheryl W - - 2009
The Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative (BFHI) seeks to support breastfeeding initiation in maternity services. This study uses country-level data to examine the relationship between BFHI programming and trends in exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) in 14 developing countries. Demographic and Health Surveys and UNICEF BFHI Reports provided EBF and BFHI data. Because country ...
Groleau Danielle - - 2009
This study focuses on Brazilian mothers who gave birth to premature babies who were discharged from hospital using the Kangaroo Mother Care Method. While mothers left the hospital breastfeeding exclusively, once back at home, they abandoned exclusive breastfeeding because of insufficient breast milk (IBM). In this project we explored how ...
Qiu Liqian - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Rates of exclusive breastfeeding in China are relatively low and below national targets. The aim of this study was to document the factors that influence exclusive breastfeeding initiation in Zhejiang, PR China. METHODS: A cohort study of infant feeding practices was undertaken in Zhejiang Province, an eastern coastal region ...
Osman Hibah - - 2009
Although the health benefits of breastfeeding are well established, early introduction of formula remains a common practice. Cultural beliefs and practices can have an important impact on breastfeeding. This paper describes some common beliefs that may discourage breastfeeding in Lebanon. Participants were healthy first-time mothers recruited from hospitals throughout Lebanon ...
Guendelman Sylvia - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Juggling breastfeeding and paid work can challenge breastfeeding success. We examined the relationship between breastfeeding and maternity leave before and after delivery among working mothers in Southern California. California is 1 of only 5 states in the United States providing paid pregnancy leave that can be extended for infant ...
Ogbuanu Chinelo A - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Home visiting programs for very young children seek to promote their health and development. We conducted a process and outcome evaluation of the Postpartum/Newborn Home Visit (PPNBHV) service in 1 county. DESIGN: A retrospective study of Aiken County Health records of live infant births in 2004 was conducted. SAMPLE: ...
Xu Fenglian - - 2009
This review aims to describe changes in breastfeeding and summarise the breastfeeding rates, duration and reasons of discontinuing 'any breastfeeding' or 'exclusive breastfeeding' in P.R. China. Breastfeeding rates in China fell during the 1970s when the use of breast milk substitutes became widespread, and reached the lowest point in the ...
Agampodi Suneth B - - 2009
Accurate interpretation of reported breastfeeding rates is essential in understanding the true picture of a country's breastfeeding status. In Sri Lanka, where the reported exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) rate among infants aged from 0 to 5 months is 75%, accurate understanding of this rate is of the utmost importance. The danger ...
Scott Jane A - - 2009
The early introduction of solid foods before 4 months of age has been associated with an increased risk of diarrhoea in infancy and a greater risk of wheeze and increased percentage body fat and weight in childhood. The purpose of this study was to identify the level of compliance with ...
El Mouzan Mohammad I - - 2009
The WHO recommends exclusive breastfeeding in the first 6 months of life. Our objective was to evaluate trends in infant nutrition in Saudi Arabia and the degree of compliance with WHO recommendations. A nationwide nutritional survey of a sample of Saudi households was selected by the multistage probability sampling procedure. ...
Fadnes Lars T - - 2009
The choice of infant feeding method is important for HIV-positive mothers in order to optimise the chance of survival of their infants and to minimise the risk of HIV transmission. The aim of this study was to investigate feeding practices, including breastfeeding, in the context of PMTCT for infants and ...
Gentile Salvatore - - 2009
Recent information suggests that use of the antiepileptic drug topiramate in pregnancy may raise some concerns, especially if used in polytherapy. Moreover, data on the safety of this antiepileptic drug for the breastfed infant are very limited. However, use of topiramate may be unavoidable in women who wish to become ...
Kishore M Sai Sunil - - 2009
BACKGROUND: National family health survey-3 of India has revealed startling lower exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) rates (16.9%) in the state of Haryana compared with national data (46%). The barriers to breastfeeding in this population are not clearly known. Therefore, a study was conducted in a rural population of the state to ...
Shakiba Mehrdad - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the state of hydration in infants during the weaning period in dry and hot climates in the center of Iran. METHODS: Using a refractometer, 162 urine specific gravity (USG) was measured from 400 infants, between 4 to 6 months old. They were chosen among infants who visited ...
Naanyu Violet - - 2008
Breastfeeding behaviour is explored in Kenya using data collected in the town of Eldoret, Kenya. This paper specifically examines duration of exclusive breastfeeding among young mothers below 20 years of age as compared to older cohorts. Additionally, focus is laid on the effect of first time motherhood and breastfeeding difficulties ...
Koehoorn Mieke - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The goal was to investigate the epidemiological features of incident bronchiolitis by using a population-based infant cohort. METHODS: Outpatient and inpatient health records were used to identify incident bronchiolitis cases among 93,058 singleton infants born in the Georgia Air Basin between 1999 and 2002. Additional health-related databases were linked ...
Larsen Jette Schilling - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Why do mothers give up breastfeeding, even though breastfeeding has great importance to them? This study examines what has affected mother's confidence in breastfeeding when she gives up breastfeeding. METHOD: A metasynthesis of seven studies on mothers' experiences with breastfeeding was conducted using Noblit and Hare's methodological approach. RESULTS: ...
Tanaka Toshihiro - - 2008
If lithium therapy is required during pregnancy or lactation, serum lithium monitoring may be indicated in the newborns. In the neonatal population, however, blood samples are often obtained with a sampling device containing lithium heparin. Given the infrequent nature of lithium measurement in the neonatal population, a risk of oversight ...
LaKind Judy S - - 2008
Abstract The increasing number of environmental chemicals measured in breastmilk is a consequence of improved analytical capabilities and the increased interest in biomonitoring. It has been generally concluded that the benefits to the infant from breastfeeding outweigh potential risks associated with environmental chemical exposures associated with breastfeeding. However, there have ...
Hernández Paloma Trejo - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The rates of initiation and duration of breastfeeding in France are low when compared with those in other European countries. The objective of this study was to determine attributions of breastfeeding determinants in a French population. METHODS: A self-report survey listing 68 reasons for or against breastfeeding was developed. ...
Glatstein Miguel Marcelo - - 2008
One of my patients is currently using methadone for maintenance of opioid dependence. She wants to breastfeed. Is breastfeeding safe for her infant? The exposure of infants to methadone through their mothers' breast milk is minimal. Women using methadone for treatment of opioid dependence should not be discouraged from breastfeeding. ...
Grassley Jane J College of Nursing, Texas Woman's University, Denton, Texas 76204, - - 2008
Grandmothers are an important source of support for new mothers. Their infant feeding experience and knowledge can influence mothers' decisions to initiate and continue breastfeeding. The objective of this study was to explore mothers' perceptions of grandmothers' breastfeeding knowledge and support, as part of a larger study to design an ...
Chapman Donna J DJ University of Connecticut, Department of Nutritional Sciences, 3624 Horsebarn Rd Extension, Storrs, CT 06269-4017, USA. - - 2008
The objectives of this study were to assess the extent to which states collected breastfeeding data on the birth certificate, to verify the wording of the breastfeeding questions used, and to develop recommendations for future revisions of the breastfeeding question asked on the US Standard Certificate of Live Birth. Registrars ...
Rigourd V - - 2008
Dextropropoxyphene (DP) and norpropoxyphene (NP) are commonly used in the treatment of postpartum pain. The drug is widely prescribed in Europe and Canada and has been recently approved for use in the U.S. Its safety during breastfeeding, however, has not been fully established. Very few reports on its effects on ...
Walker Marsha - - 2008
Late preterm infants comprise the fastest growing segment of babies born prematurely. They arrive with disadvantages relative to feeding skills, stamina, and risk for conditions such as hypoglycemia, hyperbilirubinemia, and slow weight gain. Breastfeeding these babies can be difficult and frustrating. Individualized feeding plans include special considerations to compensate for ...
Tender Jennifer A F - - 2009
In-hospital formula supplementation of breastfed infants negatively impacts breastfeeding duration. Infants from low-income families have some of the lowest exclusive breastfeeding rates in the United States. The objectives of this study were to identify (1) reasons low-income breastfeeding mothers begin in-hospital formula supplementation and (2) risk factors for in-hospital formula ...
Otoo Gloria E GE Department of Nutritional Sciences at the University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269, - - 2009
Focus group discussions were conducted to elicit the perceived incentives and barriers to exclusive breastfeeding in Ghana. Thirty-five breastfeeding women were recruited from the Manya and Yilo Krobo districts of the eastern region. Participants had a mean age of 27.5 years and had at least one child < 4 months ...
McInnes Rhona J - - 2008
This review aimed to identify interventions to promote breastfeeding or breast milk feeding for infants admitted to the neonatal unit. The medical electronic databases were searched for papers listed between 1990 and June 2005 which had breastfeeding or breast milk as an outcome and which targeted infants who had been ...
Fein Sara B - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Our goal is to describe the methods used in the Infant Feeding Practices Study II (IFPS II), a study of infant feeding and care practices throughout the first year of life. Survey topics included breastfeeding, formula and complementary feeding, infant health, breast-pump use, food allergies, sleeping arrangements, mother's employment, ...
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