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Results 101 - 150 of 1337
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Orün Emel - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to investigate maternal, gestational, and neonatal features associated with the early initiation of breastfeeding. A descriptive study was done between July-October 2006 in the maternity ward of Dr. Zekai Tahir Burak Maternity and Research Hospital, a certificated Baby-Friendly Hospital. Babies with postpartum health problems ...
Tarrant Marie - - 2010
Breastfeeding provides optimal and complete nutrition for newborn babies. Although new mothers in Hong Kong are increasingly choosing to breastfeed their babies, rates of exclusive breastfeeding are low and duration remains short. The purpose of this study was to describe the breastfeeding and weaning practices of Hong Kong mothers over ...
Palmér Lina - - 2010
For most Swedish women, breastfeeding is an essential part of the childbearing period. Yet, the meaning of breastfeeding from women's perspective is scantily explored. Therefore, the aim of this study is to describe women's lived experiences of initiating breastfeeding within the context of early home discharge. Eight women, two primiparous, ...
Agboado Gabriel - - 2010
The UK has one of the lowest breastfeeding rates worldwide and in recent years the Government has made breastfeeding promotion one of its priorities. The UNICEF UK Baby Friendly Initiative is likely to increase breastfeeding initiation but not duration. Other strategies which involve provision of support for breastfeeding mothers in ...
Osman Hibah - - 2010
Telephone hotlines designed to address common concerns in the early postpartum could be a useful resource for parents. Our aim was to test the feasibility of using a telephone as an intervention in a randomized controlled trial. We also aimed to test to use of algorithms to address parental concerns ...
DesRoches A - - 2010
Peanut allergy is an important public health problem in western countries. However, the risk factors associated with this allergy remain uncertain. To determine whether the consumption of peanuts during pregnancy and breastfeeding is a risk factor for peanut allergy in infants. We enrolled 403 infants in a case-control study. The ...
Fairbrother Nichole - - 2010
Using an experimental design, this study assessed knowledge, attitudes, and intentions regarding infant feeding practices among Canadian female university undergraduates (N = 285). Participants completed a survey of knowledge, attitudes, and intentions with respect to infant-feeding practices. Two versions of the survey were randomly distributed to participants: one containing a ...
van Rossem L - - 2010
Because breastfeeding is the best method of infant feeding, groups at risk of low breastfeeding rates should be identified. Therefore, this study compared breastfeeding patterns of ethnic minority groups in The Netherlands with those of native mothers and established how they were influenced by generational status and socio-demographic determinants of ...
Lee Helen J - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Despite the promotion of breastfeeding as the "ideal" infant feeding method by health experts, breastfeeding continues to be less common among low-income and minority mothers than among other women. This paper investigates how maternal socio-demographic and infant characteristics, household environment, and health behaviors are related to breastfeeding initiation and ...
Brown B J - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate breastfeeding and weaning practices associated socio-demographic factors and knowledge about mother-to-child transmission of HIV among mothers in Ibadan. METHODS: A cross sectional survey was conducted among 513 mothers of children aged 6- 24 months, attending infant welfare clinics. Data collection was by a structured questionnaire, which was ...
Colón Evy - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study is to identify the barriers associated with breastfeeding in mothers of Puerto Rican children with Down. METHOD: A non-probabilistic sample (n = 26) of mothers was used in the study. The sample was obtained in an institution in Puerto Rico specializing in care of ...
Tan K L - - 2009
This was a cross-sectional study to determine the prevalence and characteristics of mother-infant bed-sharing practice in Klang district, Malaysia. Data was collected by face-to-face interview using a structured questionnaire for a four month period in 2006. A total of 682 mother-infant pairs attending government health clinics were included in the ...
Bandusena A S L - - 2009
To ascertain determinants and impact of the duration of exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) for four to six months on growth and incidence of respiratory tract and diarrhoeal infections A descriptive cross-sectional study of infants aged 4-6 months, visiting selected well baby clinics in Colombo. An interviewer administered questionnaire to determine duration ...
Khoo A K K - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: In mother-infant pairs experiencing breastfeeding difficulties, frenulotomy for tongue-tie may improve breastfeeding. We tested the hypothesis that those experiencing nipple pain are most likely to benefit from the procedure in a prospective cohort study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Mother-infant pairs attending a dedicated clinic for the assessment and treatment of ...
Pfl?ger M - - 2010
Infant diet affects health and development. The aim of our study was to investigate WHO infant feeding compliance in children who have a first degree family history of type 1 diabetes (T1D). One hundred and fifty children who were first degree relatives of patients with T1D were intensively followed from ...
Renfrew Mary J - - 2010
Breastfeeding/breastmilk feeding of infants in neonatal units is vital to the preservation of short- and long-term health, but rates are very low in many neonatal units internationally. The aim of this review was to evaluate the effectiveness of clinical, public health and health promotion interventions that may promote or inhibit ...
Taylor Lee K - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To describe the pattern of infant feeding at discharge from care after birth and the characteristics of mothers who are at risk of low rates of breastfeeding. METHODS: Data were obtained from the NSW Midwives Data Collection for 2007. Information on infant feeding was obtained for babies who were ...
Wachira J - - 2009
Guidelines for infant feeding options among HIV-positive mothers are changing with informative research. Cultural factors, socialisation processes, gender dimensions and socio-economic status within communities should be considered in recommending feasible and sustainable options. The objective of this study was to assess the knowledge, attitudes and practices with regards to infant ...
Wheeler Barbara J - - 2009
PURPOSE: Difficulty with breastfeeding is common, and challenges are particularly pronounced for mothers of ill or preterm infants. This study explores the breastfeeding experiences of mothers of these at-risk infants to determine their breastfeeding patterns and to better understand reasons they prematurely stop breastfeeding and/or human-milk feeding (HMF). DESIGN: A ...
James Delores C S - - 2009
It is the position of the American Dietetic Association that exclusive breastfeeding provides optimal nutrition and health protection for the first 6 months of life and breastfeeding with complementary foods from 6 months until at least 12 months of age is the ideal feeding pattern for infants. Breastfeeding is an ...
Ehlayel Mohammad S - - 2009
In developed communities, the effect of exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) is encouraged since it has been found to be protective against infantile diarrhea. In a newly developing Qatar, modern water supply and sanitation facilities have become available to everyone during the last two decades. The objectives of the current study were ...
Madadi Parvaz - - 2009
In light of the recent evidence of adverse events in infants whose mothers use codeine medication, we have been struggling with the issue of how to manage codeine analgesia in our postpartum patients. What are some guidelines for the safe use of codeine during breastfeeding? Motherisk has summarized recent scientific ...
Lozoff Betsy - - 2009
To determine whether longer breastfeeding is associated with higher infant lead concentrations. Data were analyzed from 3 studies of developmental effects of iron deficiency in infancy: Costa Rica (1981-1984), Chile (1991-1996), and Detroit (2002-2003). The relation between duration of breastfeeding and lead levels was assessed with Pearson product-moment or partial ...
Pugh Linda C - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to assess whether providing a breastfeeding support team results in higher breastfeeding rates at 6, 12, and 24 weeks postpartum among urban low-income mothers. Design: A randomized controlled trial with mother-infant dyads recruited from 2 urban hospitals. Participants: Breastfeeding mothers of full-term infants who ...
Vesel Linda - - 2010
To compare the estimated prevalence of malnutrition using the World Health Organization's (WHO) child growth standards versus the National Center for Health Statistics' (NCHS) growth reference, to examine the relationship between exclusive breastfeeding and malnutrition, and to determine the sensitivity and specificity of nutritional status indicators for predicting death during ...
Lee Tzu-Ying - - 2009
AIM: This paper is a report of a study of the breastfeeding experience of mothers of very low birth weight babies. BACKGROUND: Very low birth weight babies, being born preterm, are at risk for feeding difficulties. Medical complications may prolong their hospital stays and further delay their progression towards oral ...
Miller Joyce E - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to describe the circumstances, clinical features, role, and results of chiropractic management of infants who were referred to a chiropractic clinic for failure to adequately feed at the breast. METHODS: Clinical case series of 114 infant cases of hospital-diagnosed or lactation consultant diagnosed ...
Chin Nancy P - - 2009
Exclusive breastfeeding of infants for the first 6 months of life with continued breastfeeding for at least 6 more months occurs only 11.9% of the time in the United States. Efforts of the past 30 years to promote optimal breastfeeding practices have had little impact. In order to create significant ...
Ip Stanley - - 2009
This article summarizes the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality's evidence report on the effects of breastfeeding on term infant and maternal health outcomes in developed countries. Medline, CINAHL, Cochrane Library, bibliographies of selected reviews, and suggestions from domain experts were surveyed. Searches were limited to English-language publications. Eligible comparisons ...
Chertok Ilana R A - - 2009
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The primary objective of the multi-site, international study was to examine trends in weight gain for term infants breastfed with and without ultra-thin silicone nipple shields to determine the effect of nipple shield use on infant weight gain over two months. Additionally, the study examined maternal satisfaction ...
Wallby T - - 2009
AIM: To study the relationship between maternal region of birth, disposable income and breastfeeding initiation and duration. METHODS: The study population consisted of 12,197 term born, singleton infants, born 1997-2001 in the county of Uppsala. Data on breastfeeding at 1 week, 6 months and 12 months were collected from the ...
Guyon Agn??s B - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Madagascar has some of the highest rates of child stunting, maternal malnutrition, and infant mortality in sub-Saharan Africa. OBJECTIVE: To improve infant and young child feeding practices, increase uptake of micronutrient supplements, and improve women's dietary practices through implementation of a nutrition project based on the Essential Nutrition Actions ...
Freeman Marlene P - - 2009
Postpartum depression occurs in about 10% to 20% of childbearing women. When developing a treatment plan, clinicians need to balance the risks of untreated maternal depression, the benefits of breastfeeding, and the risks associated with infant exposure to medication in breast milk. Data on the short-term safety and long-term consequences ...
Pound Catherine M - - 2009
To examine the breastfeeding prevalence among infants aged three and six months who were previously hospitalized because of hyperbilirubinemia, and to determine whether jaundice in newborn infants increases the risk of breastfeeding discontinuation. Surveys were mailed to mothers of all eligible infants admitted over a two-and-a-half year period to the ...
Lanza di Scalea Teresa - - 2009
We performed an electronic search by using MEDLINE, PreMEDLINE, Current Contents, Biological Abstracts, and PsycINFO from June 2002 to December 2008 using the following terms: "antidepressant drugs", "antidepressive agents", "human milk", "lactation", and "breastfeeding" and the generic name of each antidepressant. Articles in the English language with reports of antidepressants ...
Kwok Man Ki - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Observational studies from mainly Western settings suggest breastfeeding may protect against childhood adiposity; however, breastfeeding and adiposity share social patterning potentially generating confounding, making evidence from other settings valuable. METHODS: We used multivariable linear regression to examine the prospective adjusted associations of breastfeeding with body mass index (BMI), height ...
Gross Susan M - - 2009
This cross-sectional study examines Maryland's women, infants, and children (WIC) breastfeeding initiation rates by program participation. The authors report on data regarding demographic and health characteristics and infant feeding practices for infants (n = 18,789) newly WIC-certified from January 1, 2007 to June 30, 2007. The authors compared self-reported, breastfeeding ...
Glatstein Miguel Marcelo - - 2009
I have a patient who has hyperthyroidism due to Graves disease. She was taking methimazole but discontinued when she found out she was pregnant. She is currently close to delivery and might require antithyroid therapy in the postpartum period. Can methimazole cross into human milk, and is breastfeeding safe for ...
Kaufman Leslie - - 2010
This study explores low-income African American and Puerto Rican women's conceptions and practices around breastfeeding. It examines the impact of such diverse factors as social constructions of the body, local mores around infant care, the practicalities of food availability, in the context of interactions with family members and friends, institutions, ...
Huang Ya-Yi - - 2009
Few studies have provided evidence to verify that bottle-feeding has negative effects on breastfeeding. There is insufficient evidence to support the practice of cup-feeding to supplement breastfeeding. However, it has been applied as a substitute for bottle-feeding to promote breastfeeding. The aims of this study were to explore the differences ...
Arpadi Stephen - - 2009
The effect of breastfeeding on growth in HIV-exposed infants is not well described. The objective was to evaluate the effect of early breastfeeding cessation on growth. In a trial conducted in Lusaka, Zambia, HIV-infected mothers were randomly assigned to exclusive breastfeeding for 4 mo followed by rapid weaning to replacement ...
de Melo Suzana Lopes - - 2009
This case study demonstrates the possibility of treating hypogalactia without using galactagogues. The focus is a female child who, in her first 54 days of life, had a weight gain of only 610 g, with a daily average of 11 g. The child suffered from improper latch-on, insufficient sucking, and ...
Thomson Trish - - 2009
Although breastfeeding initiation rates are rising in Canada, rates of continued breastfeeding remain far below international recommendations. Two factors that can have a positive influence on breastfeeding outcomes are maternal confidence and support and education provided by public health nurses (PHNs). The weighing of newborns by PHNs within the first ...
Chalmers Beverley - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative was launched by the World Health Organization and UNICEF in 1989 to promote, protect, and support breastfeeding worldwide. The objective of this study was to report breastfeeding rates and adherence to the Baby Friendly Hospital Initiative of the World Health Organization and UNICEF in Canada, ...
Cramton Rachel - - 2009
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this article is to present an overview of the state of breastfeeding in the United States and to examine recent evidence for strategies aimed at optimizing successful breastfeeding in the neonatal period. RECENT FINDINGS: Although rates of any and exclusive breastfeeding are rising, American ...
Kondolot Meda - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to examine the effects of breast-feeding method (on only one or on two sides in a single feeding session) on growth, sleep duration and sucking period, and stool frequency. METHODS: Exclusively breast-fed healthy infants, aged 1-6 months, were included in the study ...
Petrova Anna - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of a breastfeeding promotion program in the Women, Infant and Children (WIC) Supplemental Nutrition Program participants. STUDY DESIGN: This randomized clinical trial included 52 women in the intervention group who received one-to-one pre- and postnatal breastfeeding education and support from a lactation consultant. Women (n ...
Rebhan Barbara - - 2009
AIM: To investigate the relationship between breastfeeding and infant health and to describe growth in the first 9 months. METHODS: Mothers delivering a baby in April 2005 were recruited throughout Bavaria, Germany, for a prospective birth cohort study. These mothers reported breastfeeding data, health and growth data of 1901 infants ...
Jenik Alejandro G - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether the recommendation to offer a pacifier once lactation is well established reduces the prevalence or duration of breastfeeding. STUDY DESIGN: A multicenter, randomized, non-inferiority, controlled trial comprising 1021 mothers highly motivated to breastfeed whose newborns regained birth weight by 15 days. They were assigned to offer ...
Ahmed Azza H - - 2010
The preterm birth rate has been increasing steadily during the past two decades. Up to two thirds of this increase has been attributed to the increasing rate of late preterm births (34 to < 37 gestational weeks). The advantages of breastfeeding for premature infants appear to be even greater than ...
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