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Dyson Lisa - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The importance of breastfeeding-related health outcomes in reducing inequalities in health has been recognized as a National Health Service target to increase initiation rates especially among disadvantaged groups in England. This study examined the psychosocial factors influencing infant feeding intention among pregnant teenagers expecting their first baby and living ...
Qiu L - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: This study examined infant feeding methods in hepatitis B-positive mothers in Zhejiang Province, People's Republic of China. METHODS: A cohort study was undertaken in Hangzhou in Zhejiang Province. A sample of 638 mothers was recruited at birth from the city of Hangzhou and was followed up until their infants ...
Seror Jeremy - - 2010
Many factors influence a mother's decision to breastfeed. We investigated whether the melamine scandal involving infant formula influenced the decision to breastfeed. News of the melamine scandal was revealed in September 2008 and rapidly spread via the Internet. We illustrate that this scandal significantly and rapidly impacted the pattern of ...
Sinhababu Apurba - - 2010
A community-based, cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted during June-July 2008 to assess the infant- and young child-feeding (IYCF) practices in Bankura district, West Bengal, India. In total, 647 children aged less than two years selected through revised 40-cluster sampling using the indicators of the Integrated Management of Neonatal and Childhood ...
Ijarotimi Oluwole Steve - - 2010
Breastfeeding is an unequalled way of providing ideal food for the infants. The benefits of breastfeeding practices to infants and mothers are well documented. However, information on breastfeeding practices and its effect on body mass index (BMI) of mothers are scarce, particularly in Ekiti State of Nigeria. Therefore, the present ...
Miranda Benjamin H - - 2010
A prospective study (62 neonates) of ankyloglossia and breastfeeding difficulty is presented. At 2 weeks post-frenulotomy, there were significant improvements in weight (15+/-1.2 centiles) and breastfeeding, including number of sessions/24h (19%) and bottle top-ups/24h (81%) (p<0.0001).
Craig Heather J - - 2010
The purpose of this pilot study was to uncover the perceived usefulness of a contemporary antenatal education strategy for mother's experience of breastfeeding initiation. How useful do first time mothers perceive an antenatal education strategy to be for initiating breastfeeding? This was a simple descriptive pilot study with ten first ...
Dabritz Haydee A - - 2010
A retrospective cohort study of infant-feeding practices at 6 months of age was conducted for 382 breastfed infants in a semirural northern California county. The authors hypothesized that almost exclusive breastfeeding at 6 months would be related to maternal experiences in the hospital. Multiple logistic regression analysis, controlling for maternal ...
Pisacane Alfredo - - 2010
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of breastfeeding on the risk for fever after routine immunizations. A prospective cohort study was conducted at a pediatric vaccination center in Naples, Italy. The mothers of the infants scheduled to receive routine immunizations were instructed on how to measure ...
Castilho Silvia Diez - - 2010
To retrace the history of infant nutrition with the objective of better understanding breastfeeding. Bibliographic searches were run on MEDLINE, LILACS, SciELO, and the Internet. Encyclopedias, scientific textbooks and books for the general public, in addition to literature, art and history, were also used. Texts on child care from several ...
Foss Katherine A - - 2010
Although breastfeeding initiation rates have recently been at an all-time high, duration continues to be considerably low. Given the health benefits associated with extended breastfeeding, this discrepancy is cause for concern. This research examined the messages conveyed about infant feeding in a popular parenting magazine, Parents magazine, from 1930 through ...
Ziol-Guest Kathleen M - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Existing literature suggests prenatal participation in the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) may reduce breastfeeding among low-income mothers. However, little is known about whether the timing of WIC entrance during pregnancy influences infant feeding decisions. OBJECTIVE: This study assesses the association between the timing ...
de Almeida Honorina - - 2010
To evaluate the impact of kangaroo care on exclusive breastfeeding in low birth weight newborns until 6 months of life. Prospective study carried out with 43 newborns (23 allocated in the kangaroo group and 23 in a control group) weighing < 2,000 g and staying in the neonatal unit for ...
Bartick Melissa - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: A 2001 study revealed that $3.6 billion could be saved if breastfeeding rates were increased to levels of the Healthy People objectives. It studied 3 diseases and totaled direct and indirect costs and cost of premature death. The 2001 study can be updated by using current breastfeeding ...
Murimi Mary - - 2010
Although human milk provides optimal nutrition for infants, fewer than one third of US infants are breastfed exclusively for 6 months or more. The objectives of this study were to determine the factors that have the greatest impact on the decisions to breastfeed, and to determine the effect of formula ...
Caminha Maria de Fátima Costa Mde - - 2010
To analyze time trends in the duration of exclusive breastfeeding and associated protection factors. Prevalances for total breastfeeding and exclusive breastfeeding in a population of four-month-old infants were analyzed. Data were obtained from population surveys carried out in 1991, 1997, and 2006, with 935, 2081, and 1568 infants respectively. The ...
Chen Wil-Lie - - 2010
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to explore Chinese mothers' perceptions about breastfeeding and infant health in the Canadian context. BACKGROUND: Chinese mothers' breastfeeding perceptions are challenging for health professionals in North America, but few studies have focused on this issue in depth. DESIGN: An interpretive qualitative ...
do Nascimento Maria Beatriz R - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Worldwide strategies have been conducted in order to guarantee longer periods of exclusive breastfeeding for most children, especially those from developing countries. The evaluation of infant feeding practices and the identification of weaning risk factors are essential for public health policy planning. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was carried out ...
Matias Susana L - - 2010
The aim of this study was to determine the incidence and risk factors for early lactation problems [suboptimal infant breastfeeding behaviour (SIBB), delayed onset of lactogenesis (OL) and excessive neonatal weight loss] among mother-infant pairs in Lima, Peru. All primiparous mothers who gave birth to a healthy, single, term infant ...
Qiu Liqian - - 2010
A prospective cohort study of 1,520 mothers from Zhejiang province of China was undertaken to determine the duration of breastfeeding and associated factors during the first six months postpartum. Most (95.3%) mothers had introduced complementary foods by six months, making them at risk from contaminated infant formula. The mean duration ...
Dongre A R - - 2010
In India, the practice of breastfeeding is almost universal, but initiation of breastfeeding is generally quite late and colostrum is discarded. Integrated Management of Neonatal and Childhood Illness (IMNCI) strategy recommended systematic assessment of breastfeeding and emphasized counseling of the mother on proper positioning and attachment of infant to the ...
Kapp Nathalie - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The use of progestogen-only contraceptives by breastfeeding women raises theoretical concerns regarding possible adverse effects on breastfeeding success, and infant health or growth. This review was conducted to determine from the literature whether use of progestogen-only contraceptives by breastfeeding women leads to adverse effects on lactation, or infant growth ...
Kotlow Lawrence A - - 2010
In breastfeeding infants, an abnormal attachment of maxillary frenum has the potential to become a significant factor in contributing to facial caries formation on the maxillary anterior teeth. This is in part due to the inability of infants to remove residual milk from the area between the lip and facial ...
Kapp Nathalie - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Postpartum women need effective contraception, but using hormonal contraceptives may affect breastfeeding performance and infant health outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: We searched the MEDLINE and Cochrane databases for all articles published through May 2009 for primary research studies that investigated clinical outcomes among breastfeeding women who used hormonal contraception or ...
Brodribb Wendy - - 2010
Breastfeeding is an important public health issue. While medical practitioners can have a significant impact on breastfeeding initiation and duration, there are few studies investigating their views regarding women's infant feeding decisions. This mixed-methods study employed qualitative (focus groups and interviews) and quantitative (questionnaire) data collection techniques to investigate the ...
Sorkio Susa - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Both the initiation and maintenance of breastfeeding have been reported to be negatively affected by maternal type 1 diabetes (T1D). The aim of this study was to prospectively examine the breastfeeding patterns among mothers with and without T1D participating in a large international randomized infant feeding trial (TRIGR). METHODS: ...
Cames C?cile - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To provide HIV-positive mothers who opted for exclusive breastfeeding or formula feeding from birth to 6 months postpartum as a means of prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) of HIV with a sustainable infant food support programme (FSP) from 6 to 12 months postpartum. We describe the implementation and assessment ...
Erkul P Elif - - 2010
Corum is one of the Baby-Friendly Cities in Turkey since 2004. For optimum initiation and continuing of breastfeeding, not only educating the mothers about breast milk and breastfeeding is enough but also social support systems including family support is very important. The aim of this study was to evaluate the ...
McNiel Melinda E - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Most infant feeding studies present infant formula use as "standard" practice, supporting perceptions of formula feeding as normative and hindering translation of current research into counseling messages supportive of exclusive breastfeeding. To promote optimal counseling, and to challenge researchers to use exclusive breastfeeding as the standard, we have reviewed ...
Zachariassen G - - 2010
AIM: To describe feeding practices at hospital discharge in relation to characteristics of the very preterm infants (VPI) and their mothers. METHODS: Design. Prospective hospital-based registration of very preterm infants born with a gestational age < or =32 weeks in Denmark during 2004-2008. Subjects. Healthy mothers and VPI without diseases ...
Flacking Ren?e - - 2010
AIM: The propensity to breastfeed is a matter of public concern because of the favourable effects for infants. However, very few studies have described the influence of paternal variables upon duration of breastfeeding. The aim of this study was to describe the effects of fathers' socioeconomic status and their use ...
Ostlund Asa - - 2010
To investigate the duration of breastfeeding and the impact of maternal factors for cessation of breastfeeding in twin infants, the authors undertook a population-based cohort study. Breastfeeding data obtained from Child Health Centres were matched with data on infant and maternal demographics from Swedish national registers. A total of 1.657 ...
Funkquist Eva-Lotta - - 2010
PURPOSE: Swedish hospitals apply various regimens for preterm infants' nutrition in connection with their mothers' establishment of breastfeeding. Milk intake is assessed either by test weighing before and after breastfeeding or by observing the infant's suckling behavior (ie, clinical indices). These differing policies may lead to differences in infants' feeding ...
Wojcicki Janet M JM Department of Pediatrics, University of California, San Francisco, 94134-0136, USA. - - 2010
Positive parental attitudes towards infant feeding are an important component in child nutritional health. Previous studies have found that participants in the Special Supplemental Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) Program have lower breastfeeding rates and attitudes that do not contribute towards healthy infant feeding in spite of breastfeeding and nutrition ...
Field Tiffany T Touch Research Institute, University of Miami Medical School, Miami, FL 33101, United States. - - 2010
Depressed and non-depressed mothers and their 3-month-old infants were videotaped during breastfeeding and bottlefeeding interactions. The videotapes were subsequently coded for a number of feeding interaction behaviors as well as being rated on the Interaction Rating Scales. No differences were noted between the depressed and non-depressed mothers. Several breastfeeding versus ...
Senarath Upul - - 2010
This study aimed to examine individual-, household-, and community-level characteristics associated with nonexclusive breastfeeding (non-EBF) in infants younger than 6 months of age using Demographic and Health Surveys data collected between 2002 and 2005 in East and Southeast Asia. Multilevel logistic regression was used to estimate the odds ratios for ...
Kusunoki Takashi - - 2010
Infants at higher risk of allergic diseases might be breastfed for longer periods compared with infants at lower risk in the hope that breastfeeding might reduce the risk of atopic disorders. Therefore, this intention could manifest as an apparent allergy-promoting effect of breastfeeding or reverse causation. To analyze the effect ...
Ryan Kath - - 2010
Women's narratives of their breastfeeding experiences are sites of construction and reconstruction of self as they undertake moral work in relation to feeding their baby. We engaged Foucault's 'technologies of the self' and his notion of ethics (the relationship with self) to examine that moral work (individual actions rather than ...
Reid Judy J School of Nursing and Midwifery, University of Western Sydney (UWS), Australia. - - 2010
Australia has high breastfeeding initiation rates however, at 3 and 6 months exclusive breastfeeding rates fall below global recommendations. Research suggests significant others in a woman's life can influence infant feeding decisions and practices but how and why they do so needs investigation. This study explored grandmothers' perceptions of their ...
Kamudoni P R - - 2010
AIM: To investigate mothers' perceptions of breastfeeding and influences from their social network. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was carried out in Mangochi district, Malawi where questionnaire data from 157 rural and 192 semi-urban mother-infant pairs were obtained. RESULTS: The proportion of mothers who thought that exclusive breastfeeding should last for ...
Raats Monique M - - 2010
It is particularly important that in areas of strategic public health significance, e.g. infant feeding, the processes used to extract robust scientific findings are timely, rigorous and transparent. Low rates of breastfeeding, poor weaning practices and variability within and between countries have been reported by many authors and resulted in ...
Moland Karen Marie I - - 2010
The HIV epidemic coupled with the assumed benefits of infant formula for the children of all HIV-infected mothers have in complex ways changed public ideas about infant feeding and represents a threat to well established breastfeeding practices. In the wake of the confusion that postnatal prevention of mother to child ...
Engebretsen Ingunn Ms - - 2010
In resource-poor settings, HIV positive mothers are recommended to choose between 'Exclusive breastfeeding' (EBF) or 'Exclusive replacement feeding' (ERF). Acceptability, Feasibility, Affordability, Sustainability and Safety (AFASS) has been the World Health Organization (WHO)'s a priori criteria for ERF the last ten years. 'AFASS' has become a mere acronym among many ...
Dashti Manal - - 2010
Exclusive breastfeeding is recommended as the optimal way to feed infants for the first six months of life. While overall breastfeeding rates are high, exclusive breastfeeding is relatively uncommon among Middle Eastern women. The objective of this study was to identify the incidence of breastfeeding amongst women in the six ...
Nankunda Jolly - - 2010
Exclusive breastfeeding remains critical for child survival, potentially reducing childhood morbidity and mortality. In Uganda, 98% of children are ever breastfed, but exclusive breastfeeding levels remain low. Supporting mothers in breastfeeding exclusively can improve breastfeeding practices. This paper describes experiences of establishing individual peer counselling for exclusive breastfeeding in the ...
Boskabadi Hassan - - 2010
Neonatal hypernatermic dehydration (NHD) is a potentially very serious condition, which has been reported to occur in infants who have breast feeding problems in the first week of the life. This study looked at the incidence, risk factors, clinical symptoms and complications of NHD in healthy breastfed term neonates. A ...
Ahmed Azza H - - 2010
To investigate the effect of pre- and postdischarge interventions on breastfeeding outcomes and weight gain among preterm infants. PubMed and the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL) database were searched for study selection using MeSH terms infant/premature, breastfeeding, weight gain, patient discharge, postnatal care, and counseling. Inclusion ...
Partyka Brendine - - 2010
Purpose: We explored infant nutrition in Saskatoon by assessing current accessibility to all forms of infant nourishment, investigating challenges in terms of access to infant nutrition, and determining the use and effectiveness of infant nutrition programs and services. We also examined recommendations to improve infant food security in Saskatoon. Methods: ...
Teixeira Maria de Lourdes P D Mde - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To verify the influence of breastfeeding type and of maternal anemia on hemoglobin concentration in 6-month-old infants. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study nested in a community-based, randomized and controlled intervention study that aimed to prolong the duration of exclusive breastfeeding during the first 6 months of life. This ...
Orün Emel - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to investigate maternal, gestational, and neonatal features associated with the early initiation of breastfeeding. A descriptive study was done between July-October 2006 in the maternity ward of Dr. Zekai Tahir Burak Maternity and Research Hospital, a certificated Baby-Friendly Hospital. Babies with postpartum health problems ...
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