Search Results
Results 601 - 650 of 1338
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Morrill Jimi Francis - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To document the occurrence of Candida colonization and mammary candidosis among lactating women, risk factors for Candida colonization, and the relationship between Candida colonization and breastfeeding at 9 weeks postpartum. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Private practice clinic in Reno, Nevada. PARTICIPANTS: 100 lactating women and their infants, and ...
Daglas M - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate and assess the factors associated with the initiation, progress, and duration of breastfeeding in Greece. METHODS: We studied 1,010 infants born from 862 women from 1996 to 2000 in 17 hospitals. We followed the mothers for the period January-October 2001, while ...
Spatz Diane L - - 2005
Ill or premature infants do not have the opportunity to begin breastfeeding in an optimal manner; yet, these infants may benefit most from human milk. Health-care providers' knowledge of breastfeeding in both healthy and ill infants is frequently limited due to deficits in training. This article outlines a multifaceted approach ...
Antoniou E - - 2005
AIM: Our aim was to study factors affecting the initiation, progress and duration of breastfeeding in Greece. METHODS: We studied 938 infants born in 2001 in 17 maternity hospitals in Greece. RESULTS: The percentage of breastfeeding infants was 85.5%. The actual progress of breastfeeding was different from the one that ...
Waruru Anthony K - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Understanding infant feeding practices in the context of HIV and factors that put mothers at risk of HIV infection is an important step towards prevention of mother to child transmission of HIV (PMTCT). Face-to-face (FTF) interviewing may not be a suitable way of ascertaining this information because respondents may ...
Huner G - - 2005
Breastfeeding has been recommended for the dietary treatment of infants with phenylketonuria, but studies documenting clinical experience in other inborn errors of metabolism are very few. Seven infants diagnosed with methylmalonyl-CoA mutase deficiency (n=2), ornithine carbamoyltransferase deficiency (n=1), propionic acidaemia (n=1), isovaleric acidaemia (n=1), maple syrup urine disease (n=1) and ...
Li Ruowei - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: In the third quarter of 2001, the National Immunization Survey (NIS) began collecting data on the initiation and duration of breastfeeding and whether it was the exclusive method of infant feeding. Using the data from the 2002 NIS, this study estimates breastfeeding rates in the United States by characteristics ...
Ssenyonga Richard - - 2004
Exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) is being promoted by WHO/UNICEF as the recommended mode of feeding for all infants from birth to around 6 months of age. It is also recommended for the initial few months, for infants born to HIV-positive mothers in the developing world where conditions may not be ideal ...
Barnes Christopher R - - 2004
Breastfeeding is a complex task for many mothers but may be particularly difficult when coping with the birth of a preterm. In the following article the task of breastfeeding a preterm neonate is identified as one facet of the parenting process and the many problems encountered when breastfeeding are highlighted. ...
De Lathouwer S - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To emphasize the factors involved in early cessation of breastfeeding among patients who have given birth in a high-tech maternity hospital, both during the stay on the maternity ward and before their infants reach the age of 4 months. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective study involving all patients who gave birth ...
Trotman H - - 2004
A 12-year retrospective review of neonates admitted with hypernatraemic dehydration to the neonatal unit of the University Hospital of the West Indies was conducted between 1 January 1990 and 31 December 2001. Twenty-four infants fulfilled the criteria for hypernatraemic dehydration. Nineteen (79%) women were either nulliparous or primiparous with a ...
Callen Jennifer - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Analysis of differences in the incidence and duration of breastfeeding across countries may provide information about practices that encourage breastfeeding. This comparative review examines variation in the incidence and duration of breastfeeding for term infants that has been reported in studies from Canada, the United States, Europe, and Australia. ...
Baker Jennifer L - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Women who are overweight or obese before pregnancy breastfeed for shorter durations than do normal-weight women. These shorter durations may place infants of overweight and obese women at risk of not receiving the benefits of breastfeeding, which may include a reduced risk of overweight later in life. OBJECTIVE: We ...
Chatman Leia M - - 2004
BACKGROUND: A large number of mothers may not be practicing exclusive breastfeeding in rural Jamaica, although no recent systematic study has been conducted. The impact of knowledge about and attitude toward breastfeeding on the duration of exclusive breastfeeding is also poorly understood. The objective of this study was to gather ...
Sasidharan C K - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: To detect the incidence and risk factors that predicted the occurrence of neonatal hypoglycaemia and to identify neonates who require mandatory blood glucose screening during the first 48 h of life. DESIGN: Hospital based prospective study in a maternity centre in south India. SETTING: Labour room, postnatal wards and ...
Griffiths D Mervyn - - 2004
This study assessed indications for and safety and outcome of simple division of tongue tie without an anesthetic. There were 215 infants younger than 3 months (mean 0-19 days) who had major problems breastfeeding, despite professional support. Symptoms, tongue tie details, safety of division, and complications were recorded. Feeding was ...
Dennis C-L E - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To develop a multifactorial predictive model of depressive symptomatology in the first week postpartum in order to assist in targeted screening procedures. METHOD: As part of a longitudinal study, a population-based sample of 594 mothers in a health region near Vancouver, British Columbia completed a mailed questionnaire at 1-week ...
Wayland Coral - - 2004
This paper presents a preliminary profile of infant feeding practices in a peri-urban Amazonian community. A random sample of 180 households with at least one child under the age of five years were interviewed in 1996 as part of a maternal-child health survey conducted in a peri-urban neighborhood in Rio ...
Miracle Donna Jo - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine maternal decisions about providing milk for a very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) infant, when the initial maternal intent was to formula-feed. DESIGN: Using prospective, purposive sampling, semistructured interviews were conducted with 21 of 23 eligible mothers over a 9-month period. Audio-recorded data were transcribed ...
Getahun Zewditu - - 2004
This study assesses the initiation and duration of exclusive/almost exclusive breastfeeding (Ex/AEx-BF) versus partial breastfeeding (P-BF) and its relationship to infant growth and maternal body mass index (BMI) in Ethiopian infants up to 12 months of age (Tigray n = 471; Gonder n =596). Initiation of breastfeeding within 1 hr ...
Taveras Elsie M - - 2004
Previous studies have found that breastfeeding may protect infants against future overweight. One proposed mechanism is that breastfeeding, compared with bottle-feeding, may promote maternal feeding styles that are less controlling and more responsive to infant cues of hunger and satiety, thereby allowing infants greater self-regulation of energy intake. The objective ...
Vingraite J - - 2004
AIM: To present infant feeding patterns and to relate these to selected biological and social factors. METHODS: One hundred and ninety-two infants born at four delivery departments were followed prospectively from birth to 12 mo of age. Their parents were asked to tick weekly if the infant received items on ...
Morrow Ardythe L - - 2004
Breastfeeding is the major strategy for prevention of morbidity and mortality resulting from diarrhea in the first few years of life. Health-system and community based interventions have been shown to increase the prevalence of breastfeeding and reduce the incidence of diarrhea and associated healthcare costs in infancy. The protective effect ...
Jones Nancy Aaron - - 2004
Successful breastfeeding involves a dyadic interaction between a mother and her infant. The present study was designed to examine the association between breastfeeding and temperament in infants of depressed mothers. Seventy-eight mothers, 31 who were depressed, and their infants participated. Depressed mothers who had stable breastfeeding patterns were less likely ...
Huang Hui-Chi - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Many factors contribute to a pregnant woman's choice of infant feeding method, yet few studies have investigated which factors might be specific to pregnant women in Taiwan. The purpose of this study was to explore the relationships among factors of body image, maternal-fetal attachment, and the choices made by ...
Wolfberg Adam J - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Recognizing that an expectant father may influence a mother's decision to breast- or formula-feed, we tested the effectiveness of a simple, educational intervention that was designed to encourage fathers to advocate for breastfeeding and to assist his partner if she chooses to breastfeed. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a randomized ...
Flores Michelle S - - 2004
We assessed the relationship between breastfeeding and antimicrobial use in the first year of life in healthy infants by surveying a military population of healthy term infants with questionnaires obtained at the 6-month and 12-month well-baby visits. Breastfed (BF) babies spent 48% as much time receiving antimicrobials by 6 months ...
Berle Jan Øystein - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The aims of the study were to quantify the drug exposure in breastfed infants of antidepressant-treated mothers, to identify possible adverse events, and to correlate these variables to maternal and infant drug metabolism-relevant genotypes and milk triglyceride content. METHOD: The study included 25 lactating women treated with citalopram (N ...
Rempel Lynn A - - 2004
Understanding determinants of mothers' decisions regarding long-term breastfeeding is important for the promotion of breastfeeding for up to 12 months postpartum and beyond. In this longitudinal infant feeding study, the theory of planned behavior was used to explain the intended and actual breastfeeding duration of 80 participants who were breastfeeding ...
Chatterji Pinka - - 2004
We estimated the effect of Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) participation in 1999 to 2000 on breastfeeding initiation and duration and well-child care. We applied multivariate regression to a sample of 2136 unmarried, low-income, urban mothers from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study. WIC ...
Barbas Kimberly H - - 2004
It is a widespread misconception that infants with congenital heart disease (CHD) are not able to breastfeed. The purpose of this study was to describe breastfeeding duration and outcomes among a high-risk group of infants with CHD. Mothers of 68 infants at least 6 months of age, who had experienced ...
Black Maureen M - - 2004
CONTEXT: The Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) is the largest food supplement program in the United States, serving almost 7 500 000 participants in 2002. Because the program is a grant program, rather than an entitlement program, Congress is not mandated to allocate funds to ...
Lauer Jeremy A - - 2004
Suboptimal breastfeeding is associated with higher mortality among infants and young children in the developing world. We describe patterns in 'exclusive breastfeeding' and 'any breastfeeding' rates and quantify exposure to suboptimal breastfeeding among children aged two years or younger in developing countries. We reviewed nationally representative surveys that collected data ...
Ingram Jenny - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to explore hormonal and postnatal factors, which are associated with the return of menstruation in breastfeeding mothers. DESIGN: A prospective cohort study in Bristol, UK. Ninety-one breastfeeding mothers of mixed parity were recruited at community-based antenatal clinics. Eighty-five mothers completed all stages and informed us about ...
Butler Sarnia - - 2004
AIMS: This study investigated the association between not breastfeeding exclusively (among mothers of a cohort of Pacific infants in New Zealand) and several maternal, sociodemographic, and infant care factors. METHODS: The data were gathered as part of the Pacific Islands Families (PIF) Study. Infant feeding information was obtained through interviews ...
Meara Ellen - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Scant information exists on the effects of legislation mandating coverage of minimum postnatal hospital stays on infant health outcomes. There are also gaps in knowledge regarding the effectiveness of early follow-up visits for newborns. The objective of this study was to determine the impact of 1) legislation mandating coverage ...
Weiss Marianne - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The impact of reductions in postpartum length of stay have been widely reported, but factors influencing length of hospital stay after vaginal birth have received less attention. The study purpose was to compare the sociodemographic characteristics and readiness for discharge of new mothers and their newborns at 3 discharge ...
McCoy Rosha Champion - - 2004
Bed sharing has been promoted as facilitating breastfeeding but also may increase risks for sudden, unexpected infant deaths. This prospective cohort study was performed to determine the prevalence of adult and infant bed sharing and its association with maternal and infant characteristics. Demographic data were collected from 10,355 infant-mother pairs ...
Bosnjak Anita Pavicić - - 2004
The effects of implementation WHO/UNICEF Breastfeeding Hospital Initiative (BFHI) and community postnatal support on breastfeeding rates were examined during and after the breastfeeding promotion campaign in one county of Croatia. Comparison with a control group indicated increase of breastfeeding prevalence in a period of BFHI implementation (1994-1998) - 68% vs. ...
Schneidrová D - - 2004
The purpose of the article is to present the National Breastfeeding Promotion Programme in the Czech Republic in the course of the last decade. It summarizes the main strategies, education and training activities of the National Breastfeeding Committee, its collaboration with the Government, Parliament, IBFAN and UNICEF. The article reviews ...
Lima Marilia de Carvalho Mde - - 2004
CONTEXT: Protein energy malnutrition constitutes a public health problem, especially in less affluent countries. The identification of amenable predictive risk factors is of major importance for policy makers to plan interventions to reduce infant malnutrition. OBJECTIVE: To identify risk factors for protein energy malnutrition among hospitalized low-income children aged 6 ...
Hurst Nancy M - - 2004
This study compares feeding outcomes and perceptions of mothers using in-home test weights and those who did not use test weights to manage breastfeeding of their preterm infants during the first month after hospital discharge. There were no significant differences in daily weight gain between the 2 groups during the ...
Chen Aimin - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Breastfed infants in the United States have lower rates of morbidity, especially from infectious disease, but there are few contemporary studies in the developed world of the effect of breastfeeding on postneonatal mortality. We evaluated the effect of breastfeeding on postneonatal mortality in United States using 1988 National Maternal ...
Waldenström U - - 2004
AIM: To investigate the association between length of postpartum stay and duration of breastfeeding and breastfeeding problems, with special focus on early hospital discharge. METHODS: Swedish-speaking women were recruited from all antenatal clinics in Sweden during 3 wk evenly spread over 1 y in 1999 to 2000. In total, 3293 ...
Khadivzadeh T - - 2004
A cohort study was conducted in the Islamic Republic of Iran between January 1997 and February 1998 to compare the growth and morbidity of 100 infants who were exclusively breastfed for 6 months and 100 who received breast milk and complementary foods between 4-6 months. Infants' feeding pattern, weight and ...
Taveras Elsie M - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Recent national statistics indicate that, despite increases in the proportion of mothers who initiate breastfeeding, the proportion that continue to breastfeed their infants through 6 months of age remains below the Healthy People 2010 goal of 50%. National professional organizations recommend that clinicians routinely counsel mothers about the benefits ...
English Mike - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Little data has been published on the presenting symptoms and signs among ill infants aged <60 days from developing countries. We aimed to describe and evaluate the potential of simple clinical features to identify severe illness among young infants who present to rural district hospitals in Kenya. METHODS: Standardized ...
Li Lin - - 2004
To identify determinants of the initiation and duration of breastfeeding by Chinese Australian mothers, a cross-sectional survey of 506 Mandarin-speaking women in Perth, Western Australia, was conducted. Doctors' support of breastfeeding was positively associated with the initiation of breastfeeding both in the mothers' home countries (odds ratio [OR], 9.94; 95% ...
Taveras Elsie M - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends exclusive breastfeeding for the first 6 months of life. Recent statistics indicate that initiation and maintenance of exclusive breastfeeding are low in the United States. Unfortunately, little information is available on how clinicians and health care organizations can best promote continuation of exclusive ...
Poggensee Gabriele - - 2004
Current infant feeding guidelines of UNICEF/UNAIDS/WHO for HIV-infected women recommend the avoidance of breastfeeding or to breastfeed exclusively. In the context of a prevention of HIV mother-to-child transmission programme we assessed the feeding practices in peripheral areas of Tanzania and Uganda. A total of 237 mothers in south-western Tanzania and ...
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