Search Results
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Jensen Craig L - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Normal brain and visual development is thought to require exogenous docosahexaenoic acid (DHA; 22:6n-3) intake, but the amount needed is debatable. Because the supplementation of breastfeeding mothers with DHA increases the DHA content of their infants' plasma lipids, we hypothesized that it might also improve brain or visual function ...
Leung Alexander K C - - 2005
Breastfeeding is the optimal method of infant feeding. Breast milk provides almost all the necessary nutrients, growth factors and immunological components a healthy term infant needs, Other advantages of breastfeeding include reduction of incidences and severity of infections; prevention of allergies; possible enhancement of cognitive development; and prevention of obesity, ...
Yldzdaş Hacer Yapcoğlu - - 2005
Hypernatremic dehydration is a serious condition in the newborn period. We present 5 infants with hypernatremic dehydration due to breastfeeding; one of them died because of brain edema during treatment.Hypernatremic dehydration in breast-fed newborns is secondary to insufficient lactation and all mothers should be encouraged about breastfeeding, taught the signs ...
Pechlivani Fani - - 2005
AIM: To assess breastfeeding practices, focusing on the prevalence and the determinants of exclusive breastfeeding during hospital stay. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of 1603 healthy women, who delivered healthy infants weighing more than 2500 g, was conducted in the area of Athens, Greece. Participants completed a self-administered questionnaire on the ...
Kakute Peter Nwenfu - - 2005
Because of the known nutritional and health benefits to the infant, the World Health Organization recommends that women in resource-poor countries exclusively breastfeed until their babies reach 6 months of age. In the primarily rural geographical region of the North West Province of Cameroon, previous studies identified the prevalence of ...
Burke Valerie - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To examine adiposity in relation to breastfeeding using longitudinal analysis in an Australian birth cohort. STUDY DESIGN: Repeated surveys from 16 weeks gestation to 8 years in a cohort (N = 2087) recruited through antenatal clinics. Overweight was defined by National Center for Health Statistics 95th percentiles for weight-for-length ...
Utaka Hideko - - 2005
The aim of this study was to document the breastfeeding practices of Japanese-Australian mothers living in Perth. A cross-sectional survey of mothers who had delivered babies in Japan or Australia or both was carried out on a sample of 163 mothers recruited through Japanese social and cultural groups in Perth ...
Lanting Caren I - - 2005
AIM: The aim of the study was to describe infant feeding practices and associated factors, and to explore mothers' main reasons for starting and stopping breastfeeding. METHODS: We performed a national inquiry into milk feeding practices among 9133 Dutch infants aged < 7 mo by means of a questionnaire. RESULTS: ...
Agostoni Carlo - - 2005
Infants born small for gestational age (SGA) show some forms of developmental delay throughout paediatric age, and up to adolescence. The positive effect of breastfeeding on development, observed in most studies on healthy, term infants, seems to be further stressed in the group of SGA infants, particularly if breastfeeding is ...
Becquet Renaud - - 2005
The aim of this study was to describe baseline infant feeding practices in women of unknown HIV status in Abidjan, C?te d'Ivoire, before the implementation of infant feeding interventions aimed at the prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV through breastmilk. We conducted a cross-sectional survey in March 2000 among 225 ...
Wamani Henry - - 2005
In a cross-sectional household survey conducted in the rural district of Hoima, western Uganda, 720 child/mother pairs were recruited using a two-stage cluster design. Infant and young child feeding knowledge and practices were assessed in relation to recommendations and household socio-economic factors. Age specific feeding patterns were described using frequencies, ...
Weirich Angela - - 2005
Ernst Moro was born on December 8, 1874, in Ljubljana, the capital of Slovenia, then part of the Austro-Hungarian empire and attended university in Graz, Austria. Pediatrics, initially regarded as a part of internal medicine, was in its early days as an independent field at universities in German-speaking Europe. The ...
Audi Celene Aparecida Ferrari - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To assess factors associated with infant feeding practices on the first day at home after hospital discharge. METHODS: A total of 209 women, who had a child aged four months or less and were living in Itapira, Brazil, were interviewed during the National Immunization Campaign Day in 1999. Statistical ...
Aidam B A - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To assess factors associated with exclusive breast-feeding (EBF) in Accra, Ghana. DESIGN, SUBJECTS, SETTING: Data on current and past infant feeding patterns, sociodemographic, biomedical and biocultural factors were collected using a cross-sectional design, from a sample of 376 women with infants 0-6 months, attending maternal and child health (MCH) ...
Mennella Julie A - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: The study explored the maternal beliefs and practices related to pregnancy, breastfeeding, and infant feeding among women living in several regions in Mexico. We hypothesized that, despite the culinary diversity within Mexico, there would be similar patterns in the types of flavors and foods eaten by mothers and fed ...
Bahl Rajiv - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To determine the association of different feeding patterns for infants (exclusive breastfeeding, predominant breastfeeding, partial breastfeeding and no breastfeeding) with mortality and hospital admissions during the first half of infancy. METHODS: This paper is based on a secondary analysis of data from a multicentre randomized controlled trial on immunization-linked ...
Leite Alvaro J Madeiro - - 2005
AIMS: To evaluate the effectiveness of home-based peer counselling to increase breastfeeding rates for unfavourably low birthweight babies. METHODS: Randomized clinical trial carried out in maternity hospitals and households in Fortaleza, one of the regions in Brazil with very low income; 1003 mothers and their newborns were selected in eight ...
Thompson June - - 2005
Recent guidelines from the Department of Health recommend exclusive breastfeeding for the first six months (26 weeks) of an infant's life with the late introduction of solids being cited as protective against the development of asthma, eczema and atopy. However, it has been suggested that national and international recommendations for ...
Cowley Kristine C KC Department of Physiology, Spinal Cord Research Centre, Faculty of Medicine, University of Manitoba, 730 William Avenue, Winnipeg, Manitoba R3E 3J7, Canada. - - 2005
Although an increasing number of women are becoming pregnant and rearing children after spinal cord injury (SCI), scant literature exists on breastfeeding after injury. In particular, it is unclear whether women with SCI above T7 can sustain breastfeeding in a manner similar to neurologically intact nursing mothers. A functional let-down ...
Besculides Melanie - - 2005
Our objective was to determine temporal patterns of breastfeeding among women delivering infants in New York City (NYC) and compare national breastfeeding trends. All hospitals in NYC with obstetric units were contacted in May and June 2000 to provide information on the method of infant feeding during the mother's admission ...
Ludvigsson Jonas F - - 2005
Earlier studies on breastfeeding and atopy in infants have yielded contradictory results. We examined the relationship between exclusive breastfeeding and atopic dermatitis (AD) in a cohort of infants born between 1 October 1997 and 1 October 1999 in south-east Sweden. We evaluated the risk of AD 'at least once' or ...
Rishel Parma E N - - 2005
Dedicated breastfeeding professionals improve breastfeeding initiation, which benefits infants, mothers, families, society, and the military. Research provides evidence that breastfeeding decreases rates of infection, hospitalization, and obesity, contributes to higher intelligence among breastfed infants, and reduces employee absenteeism and maternal breast cancer risk. This retrospective study examined the impact of ...
Ijadunola K T - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To assess the level of awareness and correlates of use of family planning services among sexually active breastfeeding mothers attending an infant welfare clinic. DESIGN: Cross-sectional descriptive design. SETTING: Infant welfare clinic of the urban comprehensive health centre, Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospital, Ile-Ife, Nigeria. SUBJECTS: Mothers of breast ...
Radzyminski Sharon - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether central nervous system functioning has an effect on the normal, term infant's ability to breastfeed in the first day following birth. DESIGN: Breastfeeding behaviors and neurobehaviors were evaluated at birth and at 24 hrs of age in two groups of neonates. One group of neonates was ...
Swanson Vivien - - 2005
AIMS: This paper reports a study investigating new mothers' subjective norms in relation to both breast- and bottle-feeding. The influence of norms on women's infant feeding decisions and the relative influence of social referents at varying degrees of social distance were assessed. BACKGROUND: Increasing breastfeeding initiation and continuation rates is ...
Charpak Nathalie - - 2005
The components of the Kangaroo Mother Care (KMC) intervention, their rational bases, and their current uses in low-, middle-, and high-income countries are described. KMC was started in 1978 in Bogotá (Colombia) in response to overcrowding and insufficient resources in neonatal intensive care units associated with high morbidity and mortality ...
Iliff Peter J - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: The promotion of exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) to reduce the postnatal transmission (PNT) of HIV is based on limited data. In the context of a trial of postpartum vitamin A supplementation, we provided education and counseling about infant feeding and HIV, prospectively collected information on infant feeding practices, and measured ...
Foo L L - - 2005
The National Breastfeeding Survey 2001 was the first comprehensive study on breastfeeding conducted on a national level in Singapore. It aimed to establish the prevalence of breastfeeding among Chinese, Malay and Indian mothers and to identify factors influencing breastfeeding. A total of 2098 mothers were interviewed in this two-phase study, ...
DiGirolamo Ann - - 2005
Despite the known benefits of breastfeeding, many women do not breastfeed their infants or stop breastfeeding early. This study examines the effects of prenatal intention and initial breastfeeding experiences on breast-feeding initiation and duration among 1,665 U.S. women completing questionnaires on infant feeding practices. Outcomes included no initiation of breastfeeding ...
Donath Susan M - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To present estimates on rates of breastfeeding and timing of introduction of solid foods to Australian children, 1998-2001. METHODS: Analysis of data from the 2001 Australian National Health Survey (NHS) using lifetable methods. Infant feeding questions were asked by personal interview in respect to 1,883 children aged under three ...
Callen Jennifer - - 2005
PURPOSE: To determine barriers to the successful establishment and maintenance of breastfeeding in very-low-birthweight (VLBW) infants, both in the hospital and after discharge, and changes in barriers over time. SUBJECTS: Sixty-four mothers of infants <1500 g birth weight who planned to breastfeed and were in the supplementary structured breastfeeding counseling ...
Li Ruowei - - 2005
In large epidemiologic studies, information on breastfeeding practice is often collected from maternal recall through interviews, but there is concern about the accuracy of the data, especially when mothers are asked to recall their practices from many years earlier. This review examines the validity and reliability of maternal recall of ...
Callen Jennifer - - 2005
Breastfeeding benefits preterm infants from a nutritional, gastrointestinal, immunological, developmental, and psychological perspective. Despite the benefits, the incidence and duration of breastfeeding preterm infants continues to be less than that of full-term infants. The lower incidence is probably related to breastfeeding challenges that preterm infants and parents face, including establishing ...
Damato Elizabeth G - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To describe the incidence and duration of breastfeeding for mothers of twins and identify factors that affected this duration. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of data from a larger longitudinal predictive study of maternal attachment in mothers of twins. SETTING: Paper and pencil questionnaires once during pregnancy and twice in the ...
Andersson Gunnar - - 2005
This paper investigates the impact of labour-market attachment on first births of foreign-born women in Sweden. The study uses a longitudinal, register-based dataset consisting of the entire population of immigrants from ten nations and a 5-per-cent random sample of natives. The effects of earned income are evident, with increased income ...
Djulus Josephine - - 2005
One of my breastfeeding patients is using marijuana to combat chronic pain. Is it safe for her to breastfeed? Lactating mothers should refrain from consuming cannabinoids. Advising mothers to discontinue breastfeeding if they cannot stop using cannabinoids must incorporate the known risks of formula feeding. Cannabinoid exposure through milk has ...
Gartner Lawrence M - - 2005
Considerable advances have occurred in recent years in the scientific knowledge of the benefits of breastfeeding, the mechanisms underlying these benefits, and in the clinical management of breastfeeding. This policy statement on breastfeeding replaces the 1997 policy statement of the American Academy of Pediatrics and reflects this newer knowledge and ...
Labarere Jose - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Despite growing evidence of the benefits of prolonged breastfeeding for mother and infant health, the rate of breastfeeding at infant age of 6 months remains below the Healthy People 2010 goal. The greatest decrease in the breastfeeding rate occurs during the first 4 postpartum weeks. Mothers who discontinue breastfeeding ...
Sibeko Lindiwe - - 2005
The aim of this study was to document the breastfeeding practices, beliefs, and attitudes of periurban South African lactating mothers with infants younger than 6 months. None of the mothers (n = 115, mean age 26 +/- 6.3 years) reported exclusively breastfeeding their infants, with complementary breastfeeding being the most ...
Batal Malek - - 2005
Eight hundred and thirty mothers and their children aged 1 to 5 years were studied to identify the determinants of breastfeeding initiation and perseverance in relation to hospital policies. Only 18.3% of the mothers initiated breastfeeding within half an hour after birth. Mothers whose baby was brought to them every ...
do Nascimento Maria Beatriz Reinert - - 2005
Breastfeeding is the natural way of feeding infants, providing nutritional, immunological, psychological, and economic advantages. These qualities are especially important in premature neonates because of their vulnerability. Nevertheless, a lower incidence of successful breastfeeding has been observed in this population. This prospective study investigated the frequency of mother's milk use ...
Kalies H - - 2005
The objective of this study was to examine whether duration of exclusive breastfeeding is associated with elevated weight gain in infants during the first two years of life. In this prospective cohort study 2624 healthy term neonates were followed from birth to age 2 years in 4 German study centres. ...
Amadhila, Justina-Nelago
Factors that influence exclusive breastfeeding in Namibia are important, especially in light of the implementation of the Baby and Mother Friendly Initiative. Infant feeding practices, especially breastfeeding, are important public health issues, particularly in the prevention of HIV transmission from mother to child. This thesis determined the prevalence of exclusive ...
Mikiel-Kostyra Krystyra - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To identify factors affecting exclusive breastfeeding in maternity hospital care and during the first six months after birth. METHODS: Two cross-sectional surveys form the basis of this study: the first, conducted in 1995 on maternity wards (n = 11,422 newborns) and the second, conducted in 1997 in primary care ...
Lothian Judith A - - 2005
In this column, the author describes the way in which the normal, natural process of labor and birth prepares both mother and baby for breastfeeding. Birth practices including induced labor, routine interventions, epidural analgesia, and separation of mother and baby disrupt the process of early breastfeeding for mother and baby. ...
Romano Amy M - - 2005
In this column, the author presents summaries of four research studies that further support the benefits of normal birth. The topics of the studies address the downsides of routine episiotomy, the link of epidural analgesia to an increased risk of occiput-posterior babies, the relationship between normal birth and successful breastfeeding, ...
Schack-Nielsen Lene - - 2005
There is increasing evidence that breastfeeding has long term beneficial effects on the infant. The most important are improved cognitive development, reduced incidence of immune related diseases (e.g. Type-1 diabetes and inflammatory bowel disease), and childhood cancers. A reduced risk of breast cancer in the mother is another important benefit.
Erkkola M - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To investigate infant feeding patterns during the first 2 y and their relation to sociodemographic factors. DESIGN: A population-based cohort study. SETTING: Oulu and Tampere University Hospital district areas 1996-1999, Finland. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: All newborn infants (n=675) with increased genetic risk for type I diabetes were invited to ...
Kurzewski K - - 2005
Eighty-nine mothers attending post-natal clinics at the University Hospital of the West Indies were interviewed at six weeks postpartum regarding their breast-feeding patterns and problems. Breastfeeding was practised by 97.8% of the mothers, with 29.9% practising exclusive breastfeeding and 70.1% partial breastfeeding. Only two women were solely bottle feeding. The ...
Gentile Salvatore - - 2005
The aim of this review was to assess existing information about the long-term neurocognitive development of children whose mothers took SSRIs during pregnancy and/or breastfeeding. The available literature consists of 11 studies (examining a total of 306 children) that demonstrate no impairment of infant neurodevelopment following prenatal and/or postnatal exposure ...
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