Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1134
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Lupi Anna - - 2004
Prolidase deficiency (PD) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterized mainly by skin lesions of the legs and feet, mental retardation, and respiratory infections. Mutations at the PEPD locus, located on chromosome 19, are responsible for this disease. We identified a new PEPD allele in two unrelated Portuguese PD patients ...
Giaretti Walter - - 2004
Whether in vivo specific gene mutations lead to chromosomal instability (CIN) and aneuploidy or viceversa is so far not proven. We hypothesized that aneuploidy among human sporadic colorectal adenomas and KRAS2 and APC mutations were not independent. Additionally, we investigated if 1p34-36 deletions by dual target FISH were associated with ...
Grønskov Karen - - 2004
Thirty-two genes causing non-syndromic hearing impairment (NSHI) have been cloned, including GJB2 and GJB6 encoding the gap junction subunits connexin 26 and connexin 30, respectively. One mutation in GJB2, 35delG, accounts for a large percentage of GJB2 hearing impairment in Southern Europe whereas a considerably lower frequency has been reported ...
Chan I - - 2004
Progressive osseous heteroplasia (OMIM 166350) is a rare autosomal dominant condition that presents in childhood as dermal ossification and may progress deeper to involve subcutaneous fat and connective tissue. Recently, paternally inherited inactivating mutations in the GNAS1 gene on chromosome 20q13 have been implicated in the pathogenesis, although sporadic cases ...
Du Xin - - 2004
In the course of a large-scale program of ENU mutagenesis, we isolated a dominant mutation, called Velvet. The mutation was found to be uniformly lethal to homozygotes, which do not survive E13.5. Mice heterozygous for the Velvet mutation are born with eyelids open and demonstrate a wavy coat and curly ...
Gopinath V K - - 2004
Amelogenesis imperfecta (AI) is a hereditary disorder resulting in generalized defects in the enamel. The case reported here is of a seven-year-old male child with yellow color of all his teeth. Two of his primary molars were extracted due to dental abscess with advanced root resorption. Histologically hypoplastic enamel layer, ...
Matalon Reuben - - 2004
PURPOSE: Phenylketonuria (PKU) is an autosomal recessive disorder caused by mutations in the phenylalanine hydroxylase (PAH) gene. There have been more than 400 mutations identified in the PAH gene leading to variable degrees of deficiency in PAH activity, and consequently a wide spectrum of clinical severity. A pilot study was ...
García-Silva M T - - 2004
CDG Ie is caused by a deficiency of dolichol-phosphate-mannose synthase 1 (DPM1), an enzyme involved in N-glycan assembly in the endoplasmic reticulum. Three proteins are known to be part of the synthase complex: DPM 1, DPM2 and DPM3. Only mutations in DPM1, the catalytic subunit, have been described in three ...
Christensen Jane H - - 2004
OBJECTIVE AND STUDY DESIGN: Two different mutations in the arginine vasopressin (AVP) gene associated with autosomal dominant familial neurohypophyseal diabetes insipidus (adFNDI) predict Y21H (AVP2) and V67A (NP36) amino acid substitutions of the AVP prohormone. They are unique in that they change, respectively, the AVP moiety and a region of ...
Miller Michael D - - 2004
The management of drug resistance has become part of the management of HIV disease in the treated individual. As two or more nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs) are generally part of each antiretroviral regimen, there is a need to fully understand resistance and cross-resistance within this class of drugs. Broad ...
Levy Estrella M - - 2004
Congenital bilateral absence of the vas deferens (CBAVD) is a form of male infertility in which mutations in the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) gene have been identified. Here we identify different mutations of CFTR and the poly-T variant of intron 8 (IVS8) in Argentine patients and analyze sweat ...
Horev Liran - - 2003
Mutations in the hair keratins hHb1 and hHb6 have been recently reported to cause monilethrix, an autosomal dominant hair shaft disorder, characterized by variable degrees of hair fragility and follicular hyperkeratosis. We found 10 families with monilethrix in whicn the parents were not clinically affected, and sequenced the hair keratin ...
Papanikolaou George - - 2004
Juvenile hemochromatosis is an early-onset autosomal recessive disorder of iron overload resulting in cardiomyopathy, diabetes and hypogonadism that presents in the teens and early 20s (refs. 1,2). Juvenile hemochromatosis has previously been linked to the centromeric region of chromosome 1q (refs. 3-6), a region that is incomplete in the human ...
Kaminska Anna - - 2004
Desmin ( DES) mutations have been recognized as a cause of desmin-related myopathy (OMIM 601419), or desminopathy, a disease characterized by progressive limb muscle weakness and accumulation of desmin-reactive granular aggregates in the myofibers. We have studied three families with skeletal or cardioskeletal myopathy caused by small in-frame deletions in ...
Ikehata Hironobu - - 2003
We studied the kinetics of mutation induction in skin epidermis and dermis of UVA-irradiated transgenic Muta mice and analyzed the sequence changes in 80 lacZ transgene mutants from the irradiated epidermis. The mutant frequency increased linearly in both the epidermis and dermis up to 240 kJ/m2 UVA, twice as efficiently ...
Raddatz D - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Hemochromatosis is usually inherited in an autosomal recessive mode and associated with missense mutations in the hemochromatosis gene (HFE), an HLA class 1 related gene. However the degree of penetrance is presently matter of debate. METHODS: To elucidate the frequency of HFE mutations in a German population and the ...
Simha Vinaya - - 2003
Congenital generalized lipodystrophy (CGL) is a rare autosomal recessive syndrome characterized by extreme paucity of adipose tissue since birth, acanthosis nigricans, severe insulin resistance, marked hypertriglyceridemia, and early-onset diabetes mellitus. Recently, we reported mutations in the 1-acylglycerol-3-phosphate O-acyltransferase 2 (AGPAT2) gene in CGL pedigrees linked to chromosome 9q34 (CGL1 subtype), ...
Ugalde Cristina - - 2003
We describe a novel mutation in the ND6 gene (T14487C) in a patient with Leigh syndrome. Biochemical analyses indicated a low complex I activity in the patient's fibroblasts but normal values in muscle and liver. Cybrid clones showed a specific complex I defect that correlates with the mutant heteroplasmy levels. ...
Seo Jeong-Ah - - 2003
Asexual sporulation (conidiation) in the filamentous fungus Aspergillus nidulans requires the early developmental activator fluG. Loss of fluG results in the blockage of both conidiation and production of the mycotoxin sterigmatocystin (ST). To investigate molecular mechanisms of fluG-dependent developmental activation, 40 suppressors of fluG (SFGs) that conidiate without fluG have ...
Wightman P J - - 2003
Malonyl-CoA decarboxylase (MLYCD) deficiency is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by malonic aciduria, developmental delay, seizure disorder, hypoglycemia, and cardiomyopathy. Genomic sequencing of MLYCD in nine unrelated patients identified 16 of 18 pathogenic alleles, which are documented in the newly created Human MLYCD Allelic Variant Database (http://mlycd.hgu.mrc.ac.uk/). Fibroblast cell lines ...
Peters T - - 2003
Reduced coat 3 (Rco3) is a new spontaneous autosomal recessive mutation with defects in hair structure and progressive alopecia. Here we describe chromosomal mapping and molecular identification of the Rco3 mutation. The murine Rco3 locus maps to a 2-Mb interval on chromosome 15 encompassing the keratin type II gene cluster. ...
Kosann Meredith K - - 2003
Keratosis follicularis is a genetic disorder that is inherited in an autosomal dominant pattern. Physical examination classically shows keratotic papules that are distributed mostly on the so-called "seborrheic" areas of the body. Nail involvement is not uncommon and is characterized by V-shaped nicking at the distal aspect of the nail ...
Yerebakan O - - 2003
Mal de Meleda is a rare, autosomal recessive form of palmoplantar keratoderma. The disease has been mapped to chromosome 8 qter, and recently mutations in the ARS (component B) gene have been identified in families with this disorder. We describe a small family of Turkish origin with Mal de Meleda ...
Agarwal Anil K - - 2003
Mandibuloacral dysplasia (MAD; OMIM 248370) is a rare, genetically and phenotypically heterogeneous, autosomal recessive disorder characterized by skeletal abnormalities including hypoplasia of the mandible and clavicles, acro-osteolysis, cutaneous atrophy and lipodystrophy. A homozygous missense mutation, Arg527His, in the LMNA gene which encodes nuclear lamina proteins lamins A and C has ...
Ridanpää Maaret - - 2003
Cartilage-hair hypoplasia (CHH), or McKusick type metaphyseal chondrodysplasia, was originally described in the Old Order Amish in the United States and subsequently found to be unusually frequent among Finns. The major mutation causing CHH in Finns is a 70A --> G nucleotide substitution in the RMRP gene, which encodes the ...
Jap Tjin-Shing - - 2003
INTRODUCTION: Familial lipoprotein lipase (LPL) deficiency is inherited as an autosomal recessive trait and is characterized by chylomicronemia, eruptive xanthoma, hepatosplenomegaly, and recurrent pancreatitis. AIMS AND METHODOLOGY: Two unrelated Chinese of Han descent with hypertriglyceridemia were enrolled in this study, and another six Han Chinese with no family history of ...
Lefévre Caroline - - 2003
Lamellar ichthyosis type 2 (LI2) is a rare autosomal recessive skin disorder for which a gene has been localized on chromosome 2q33-35. We report the identification of five missense mutations in the ABCA12 gene in nine families from Africa affected by LI2. The mutations were homozygous in eight consanguineous families ...
Mariani R - - 2003
BACKGROUND: In the Italian general population, prevalence of C282Y is lower than in Northern European countries. We hypothesised a higher prevalence of C282Y in Northern than in Central and Southern Italy. We previously identified a nonsense mutation (W169X) in haemochromatosis probands originating from a Northern Italian region (Brianza). AIM: To ...
Gill Geoffrey P - - 2003
Evidence for the molecular basis of a null allele of cinnamyl alcohol dehydrogenase (CAD) has been discovered in the loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L.) clone 7-56. The mutation is a two-base pair adenosine insertion located in exon 5 that causes a frame-shift which is predicted to result in premature termination ...
Killeen Anthony A - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Two mutations in HFE, G845A (amino acid substitution C282Y) and C187G (H63D), are associated with hereditary hemochromatosis. We developed and validated a novel method, linked linear amplification (LLA), for detection of these two mutations. METHODS: Two segments of HFE were amplified by a multiplex LLA reaction that generated biotinylated ...
Urreizti Roser - - 2003
Homocystinuria due to cystathionine beta-synthase (CBS) deficiency has been extensively studied, but to date, no spectrum of CBS mutations of Spanish homocystinuric patients has been reported. Here we present a mutation analysis of thirteen Spanish and three Portuguese unrelated homocystinuric patients. Ten mutations were found to account for the thirty-two ...
Klebig Mitchell L - - 2003
Recessive N-ethyl-N-nitrosourea (ENU)-induced mutations recovered at the fitness-1 (fit1) locus in mouse chromosome 7 cause hematopoietic abnormalities, growth retardation, and shortened life span, with varying severity of the defects in different alleles. Abnormal iron distribution and metabolism and frequent scoliosis have also been associated with an allele of intermediate severity ...
Colosimo Alessia - - 2003
Wolfram syndrome (WS) is a recessively inherited mendelian form of diabetes and neurodegeneration also known by the acronym DIDMOAD from the major clinical features, including diabetes insipidus, diabetes mellitus, optic atrophy, and deafness. Affected individuals may also show renal tract abnormalities as well as multiple neurological and psychiatric symptoms. The ...
Dubaele Sandy - - 2003
Mutations in the XPD gene result in xeroderma pigmentosum (XP) and trichothiodystrophy (TTD), the phenotypes of which are often intricate. To understand the genotype/phenotype relationship, we engineered recombinant TFIIHs in which XPD subunits carry amino acid changes found in XPD patients. We demonstrate that all the XPD mutations are detrimental ...
Le Gac Gérald - - 2003
In Caucasians, from 4 to 35% of hereditary hemochromatosis (HH) patients carry a least one chromosome without a common assigned HFE mutation (i.e., C282Y, H63D, and S65C). We have undertaken a D-HPLC scanning of the HFE coding region in such patients in order to identify uncommon mutations liable to explain ...
Sundström Hannah - - 2003
The rate of mutation for nucleotide substitution is generally higher among males than among females, likely owing to the larger number of DNA replications in spermatogenesis than in oogenesis. For insertion and deletion (indel) mutations, data from a few human genetic disease loci indicate that the two sexes may mutate ...
van den Boom Rivka - - 2003
Cerebral autosomal dominant arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy (CADASIL) is a hereditary small-vessel disease caused by mutations in the NOTCH3 gene on chromosome 19. On magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), subcortical white matter hyperintensities and lacunar infarcts are visualized. It is unknown whether a decrease in cerebral blood flow or ...
Reich P - - 2003
Cerebral cavernous malformations (CCM) occur in familial and sporadic forms that cannot be distinguished by phenotype. Mutations in Krit1, a gene located at the CCM1 locus on chromosome 7q21, account for the majority of familial CCM cases. The authors investigated the role that mutations at the CCM1 locus play in ...
Longacre Angelika - - 2003
This study is an investigation of the possible role of DNA polymerase (pol) delta with an inactivated exonuclease (exo) in somatic hypermutation (SHM). Analysis of endogenous heavy chain transcripts revealed no difference in mutation frequency and pattern between exo(-/-), exo(+/-) and exo(+/+) mice. The lack of an effect of the ...
Pronina N - - 2003
Characterization of the molecular basis of phenylketonuria (PKU) in Latvia has been accomplished through the analysis of 96 unrelated chromosomes from 50 Latvian PKU patients. Phenylalanine hydroxylase (PAH) gene mutations have been analyzed through a combined approach in which R158Q, R252W, R261Q, G272X, IVS10-11G>A and R408W mutations were first screened ...
Rainis Liat - - 2003
Patients with Down syndrome (DS) frequently develop 2 kinds of clonal megakaryocytosis: a common, congenital, spontaneously resolving, transient myeloproliferative disorder (TMD) and, less commonly, childhood acute megakaryoblastic leukemia (AMKL). Recently, acquired mutations in exon 2 of GATA1, an X-linked gene encoding a transcription factor that promotes megakaryocytic differentiation, were described ...
Dod? Catherine - - 2003
We took advantage of overlapping interstitial deletions at chromosome 8p11-p12 in two individuals with contiguous gene syndromes and defined an interval of roughly 540 kb associated with a dominant form of Kallmann syndrome, KAL2. We establish here that loss-of-function mutations in FGFR1 underlie KAL2 whereas a gain-of-function mutation in FGFR1 ...
Fantes Judy - - 2003
A submicroscopic deletion containing SOX2 was identified at the 3q breakpoint in a child with t(3;11)(q26.3;p11.2) associated with bilateral anophthalmia. Subsequent SOX2 mutation analysis identified de novo truncating mutations of SOX2 in 4 of 35 (11%) individuals with anophthalmia. Both eyes were affected in all cases with an identified mutation.
Takeuchi Fujio - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: The contribution of the A3243G mutation in mitochondria DNA (mtDNA) to diabetes mellitus (DM) in Werner's syndrome (WS) was studied. PATIENTS AND METHOD: DNA samples from peripheral white blood cells (WBCs) originating from 24 Japanese WS patients aged 30-56 were used. For control, 239 subjects aged 15-95 were also ...
Fokstuen Siv - - 2003
Mutations in the forkhead transcription factor gene 2 (FOXL2) were recently reported to cause blepharophimosis-ptosis-epicanthus inversus syndrome (BPES) types I and II. Evidence was provided that BPES type I (eyelid abnormalities and female infertility) is caused by mutations resulting in a truncated FOXL2 protein. In contrast, mutant FOXL2 proteins, either ...
Drenth Joost P H - - 2003
Polycystic liver disease (PCLD, OMIM 174050) is a dominantly inherited condition characterized by the presence of multiple liver cysts of biliary epithelial origin. Fine mapping established linkage to marker D19S581 (Z(max) = 9.65; theta = 0.01) in four large Dutch families with PCLD. We identified a splice-acceptor site mutation (1138-2A-->G) ...
Verhoeven Kristien - - 2003
Charcot-Marie-Tooth type 2B (CMT2B) is clinically characterized by marked distal muscle weakness and wasting and a high frequency of foot ulcers, infections, and amputations of the toes because of recurrent infections. CMT2B maps to chromosome 3q13-q22. We refined the CMT2B locus to a 2.5-cM region and report two missense mutations ...
Hattori Naoki - - 2003
Three genes commonly causing Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT) encode myelin-related proteins: peripheral myelin protein 22 (PMP22), myelin protein zero (MPZ) and connexin 32 (Cx32). Demyelinating versus axonal phenotypes are major issues in CMT associated with mutations of these genes. We electrophysiologically, pathologically and genetically evaluated demyelinating and axonal features of 205 ...
De Semir David - - 2003
Recent studies have reported successful correction of the most common F508del mutation in cystic fibrosis (CF) airway epithelial cells by small fragment homologous replacement (SFHR). We wished to apply the SFHR methodology to our CF bronchial epithelial cells, of compound heterozygous genotype (F508del/W1282X), in which nucleic acid transfer was previously ...
Stelzer Christiane - - 2003
We report on a 4-year-old boy with the typical phenotype of Grebe dysplasia born to consanguineous parents. The father seems to be unaffected; the mother presents with brachydactyly type C (BdC). PCR amplification and sequencing of the cartilage-derived morphogenetic protein 1 (CDMP1) gene of the parents led to the identification ...
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