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Results 401 - 450 of 1148
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Wan H - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Several hereditary human diseases are now known to be caused by distinct mutations in genes encoding various desmosome components. Although the effects of some of these mutant genes have been analysed by targeted disruption experiments in mouse models, little is known about the cell and tissue changes in affected ...
Tsutsumi Satoshi - - 2004
Gnathodiaphyseal dysplasia (GDD) is a rare skeletal syndrome characterized by bone fragility, sclerosis of tubular bones, and cemento-osseous lesions of the jawbone. By linkage analysis of a large Japanese family with GDD, we previously mapped the GDD locus to chromosome 11p14.3-15.1. In the critical region determined by recombination mapping, we ...
O'Brien Michael J - - 2004
We investigated the frequency of promoter region CpG island methylation (CIM) of hMLH1, MGMT, MINT1, MINT2, and p16 and K-ras mutations in a total of 79 hyperplastic (serrated) polyps (HPs) from 75 patients and correlated the molecular profiles to polyp location in the colorectum, histologic variation, and other factors. Methylation-specific ...
Campagnoli Maria Francesca - - 2004
Diamond-Blackfan anemia (DBA) is a rare, pure red blood cell aplasia of childhood caused by an intrinsic defect in erythropoietic progenitors. Malformations occur in about 40% of patients. More than half of patients respond to steroids; non-responders need chronic transfusions or stem cell transplantation (SCT). Mutations in the gene encoding ...
Graf Gregory A - - 2004
Mutations in ABCG5 (G5) or ABCG8 (G8) cause sitosterolemia, an autosomal recessive disease characterized by sterol accumulation and premature atherosclerosis. G5 and G8 are ATP-binding cassette (ABC) half-transporters that must heterodimerize to move to the apical surface of cells. We examined the role of N-linked glycans in the formation of ...
Jurkat-Rott Karin - - 2004
An R83H point mutation in KCNE3-encoded MiRP2 has been reported to cause 2% of all cases of familial periodic paralysis. The authors found MiRP2-R83H in 3 of 321 control subjects and in 5 unaffected related individuals. Provocation of an unaffected carrier with glucose or KCl did not induce weakness. The ...
Buller Arlene - - 2004
PURPOSE: To determine the carrier frequency of the 3199del6 cystic fibrosis (CF) mutation in individuals heterozygous for I148T in a large-scale CF testing population. METHODS: DNA samples from 439 consecutive I148T-heterozygous individuals were screened for the 3199del6 mutation using a laboratory-developed test. RESULTS: Genotyping revealed four samples heterozygous for the ...
Thakker R V - - 2004
The human calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR) is a 1078 amino acid cell surface protein, which is predominantly expressed in the parathyroids and kidney, and is a member of the family of G protein-coupled receptors. The CaSR allows regulation of parathyroid hormone (PTH) secretion and renal tubular calcium reabsorption in response to ...
Piperno Alberto - - 2004
Two Italian subjects, aged three and sixteen years, presented with early iron overload as shown by increased serum iron indices and hepatic iron concentration. They both carried the Y250X mutation of the TFR2 gene in the homozygous state. We suggest that transferrin receptor-2 is important in maintaining iron balance in ...
Lanzara Carmela C Dipartimento di Patologia Generale, II Università di Napoli, - - 2004
Juvenile or type 2 hemochromatosis (JH) is transmitted as a recessive trait that leads to severe iron overload and organ damage typically before age 30 years. Linkage to a locus on chromosome 1q has been found in most patients with JH. The recently identified causal gene encodes hemojuvelin, a protein ...
Pieniazek Danuta - - 2004
BACKGROUND: HIV-1 protease inhibitors (PI) have been used for treating HIV-2-infected persons but little is known about amino acid mutations associated with PI resistance in HIV-2 and whether they are similar to those seen in HIV-1. OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency of HIV-1 PI resistance-associated mutations in PI-naive HIV-2-infected individuals. ...
Weill M - - 2004
High insecticide resistance resulting from insensitive acetylcholinesterase (AChE) has emerged in mosquitoes. A single mutation (G119S of the ace-1 gene) explains this high resistance in Culex pipiens and in Anopheles gambiae. In order to provide better documentation of the ace-1 gene and the effect of the G119S mutation, we present ...
Tang Moying - - 2004
PURPOSE: Mutations in the mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) have been observed frequently in human neoplasia, in both coding and noncoding regions. A mononucleotide repeat (poly-C) between 303 and 315 nucleotides (D310) within the regulatory displacement loop has been identified recently as a frequent hot spot of deletion/insertion mutations in tumors. We ...
Agarwal A K AK Division of Nutrition and Metabolic Diseases, Department of Internal Medicine, Center for Human Nutrition, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, 75390, USA. - - 2004
Congenital generalized lipodystrophy (CGL) is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by extreme lack of body fat and severe insulin resistance since birth. Recently, mutations have been reported in 1-acylglycerol-3-phosphate-O-acyltransferase 2 (AGPAT2) and Berardinelli-Seip congenital lipodystrophy 2 (BSCL2 or Seipin) genes in affected subjects from pedigrees linked to chromosomes 9q34 and ...
Lupi Anna - - 2004
Prolidase deficiency (PD) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterized mainly by skin lesions of the legs and feet, mental retardation, and respiratory infections. Mutations at the PEPD locus, located on chromosome 19, are responsible for this disease. We identified a new PEPD allele in two unrelated Portuguese PD patients ...
Giaretti Walter - - 2004
Whether in vivo specific gene mutations lead to chromosomal instability (CIN) and aneuploidy or viceversa is so far not proven. We hypothesized that aneuploidy among human sporadic colorectal adenomas and KRAS2 and APC mutations were not independent. Additionally, we investigated if 1p34-36 deletions by dual target FISH were associated with ...
Grønskov Karen - - 2004
Thirty-two genes causing non-syndromic hearing impairment (NSHI) have been cloned, including GJB2 and GJB6 encoding the gap junction subunits connexin 26 and connexin 30, respectively. One mutation in GJB2, 35delG, accounts for a large percentage of GJB2 hearing impairment in Southern Europe whereas a considerably lower frequency has been reported ...
Chan I - - 2004
Progressive osseous heteroplasia (OMIM 166350) is a rare autosomal dominant condition that presents in childhood as dermal ossification and may progress deeper to involve subcutaneous fat and connective tissue. Recently, paternally inherited inactivating mutations in the GNAS1 gene on chromosome 20q13 have been implicated in the pathogenesis, although sporadic cases ...
Du Xin - - 2004
In the course of a large-scale program of ENU mutagenesis, we isolated a dominant mutation, called Velvet. The mutation was found to be uniformly lethal to homozygotes, which do not survive E13.5. Mice heterozygous for the Velvet mutation are born with eyelids open and demonstrate a wavy coat and curly ...
Gopinath V K - - 2004
Amelogenesis imperfecta (AI) is a hereditary disorder resulting in generalized defects in the enamel. The case reported here is of a seven-year-old male child with yellow color of all his teeth. Two of his primary molars were extracted due to dental abscess with advanced root resorption. Histologically hypoplastic enamel layer, ...
Matalon Reuben - - 2004
PURPOSE: Phenylketonuria (PKU) is an autosomal recessive disorder caused by mutations in the phenylalanine hydroxylase (PAH) gene. There have been more than 400 mutations identified in the PAH gene leading to variable degrees of deficiency in PAH activity, and consequently a wide spectrum of clinical severity. A pilot study was ...
García-Silva M T - - 2004
CDG Ie is caused by a deficiency of dolichol-phosphate-mannose synthase 1 (DPM1), an enzyme involved in N-glycan assembly in the endoplasmic reticulum. Three proteins are known to be part of the synthase complex: DPM 1, DPM2 and DPM3. Only mutations in DPM1, the catalytic subunit, have been described in three ...
Christensen Jane H - - 2004
OBJECTIVE AND STUDY DESIGN: Two different mutations in the arginine vasopressin (AVP) gene associated with autosomal dominant familial neurohypophyseal diabetes insipidus (adFNDI) predict Y21H (AVP2) and V67A (NP36) amino acid substitutions of the AVP prohormone. They are unique in that they change, respectively, the AVP moiety and a region of ...
Miller Michael D - - 2004
The management of drug resistance has become part of the management of HIV disease in the treated individual. As two or more nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs) are generally part of each antiretroviral regimen, there is a need to fully understand resistance and cross-resistance within this class of drugs. Broad ...
Levy Estrella M - - 2004
Congenital bilateral absence of the vas deferens (CBAVD) is a form of male infertility in which mutations in the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) gene have been identified. Here we identify different mutations of CFTR and the poly-T variant of intron 8 (IVS8) in Argentine patients and analyze sweat ...
Horev Liran - - 2003
Mutations in the hair keratins hHb1 and hHb6 have been recently reported to cause monilethrix, an autosomal dominant hair shaft disorder, characterized by variable degrees of hair fragility and follicular hyperkeratosis. We found 10 families with monilethrix in whicn the parents were not clinically affected, and sequenced the hair keratin ...
Papanikolaou George - - 2004
Juvenile hemochromatosis is an early-onset autosomal recessive disorder of iron overload resulting in cardiomyopathy, diabetes and hypogonadism that presents in the teens and early 20s (refs. 1,2). Juvenile hemochromatosis has previously been linked to the centromeric region of chromosome 1q (refs. 3-6), a region that is incomplete in the human ...
Kaminska Anna - - 2004
Desmin ( DES) mutations have been recognized as a cause of desmin-related myopathy (OMIM 601419), or desminopathy, a disease characterized by progressive limb muscle weakness and accumulation of desmin-reactive granular aggregates in the myofibers. We have studied three families with skeletal or cardioskeletal myopathy caused by small in-frame deletions in ...
Ikehata Hironobu - - 2003
We studied the kinetics of mutation induction in skin epidermis and dermis of UVA-irradiated transgenic Muta mice and analyzed the sequence changes in 80 lacZ transgene mutants from the irradiated epidermis. The mutant frequency increased linearly in both the epidermis and dermis up to 240 kJ/m2 UVA, twice as efficiently ...
Raddatz D - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Hemochromatosis is usually inherited in an autosomal recessive mode and associated with missense mutations in the hemochromatosis gene (HFE), an HLA class 1 related gene. However the degree of penetrance is presently matter of debate. METHODS: To elucidate the frequency of HFE mutations in a German population and the ...
Simha Vinaya - - 2003
Congenital generalized lipodystrophy (CGL) is a rare autosomal recessive syndrome characterized by extreme paucity of adipose tissue since birth, acanthosis nigricans, severe insulin resistance, marked hypertriglyceridemia, and early-onset diabetes mellitus. Recently, we reported mutations in the 1-acylglycerol-3-phosphate O-acyltransferase 2 (AGPAT2) gene in CGL pedigrees linked to chromosome 9q34 (CGL1 subtype), ...
Ugalde Cristina - - 2003
We describe a novel mutation in the ND6 gene (T14487C) in a patient with Leigh syndrome. Biochemical analyses indicated a low complex I activity in the patient's fibroblasts but normal values in muscle and liver. Cybrid clones showed a specific complex I defect that correlates with the mutant heteroplasmy levels. ...
Seo Jeong-Ah - - 2003
Asexual sporulation (conidiation) in the filamentous fungus Aspergillus nidulans requires the early developmental activator fluG. Loss of fluG results in the blockage of both conidiation and production of the mycotoxin sterigmatocystin (ST). To investigate molecular mechanisms of fluG-dependent developmental activation, 40 suppressors of fluG (SFGs) that conidiate without fluG have ...
Wightman P J - - 2003
Malonyl-CoA decarboxylase (MLYCD) deficiency is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by malonic aciduria, developmental delay, seizure disorder, hypoglycemia, and cardiomyopathy. Genomic sequencing of MLYCD in nine unrelated patients identified 16 of 18 pathogenic alleles, which are documented in the newly created Human MLYCD Allelic Variant Database (http://mlycd.hgu.mrc.ac.uk/). Fibroblast cell lines ...
Peters T - - 2003
Reduced coat 3 (Rco3) is a new spontaneous autosomal recessive mutation with defects in hair structure and progressive alopecia. Here we describe chromosomal mapping and molecular identification of the Rco3 mutation. The murine Rco3 locus maps to a 2-Mb interval on chromosome 15 encompassing the keratin type II gene cluster. ...
Kosann Meredith K - - 2003
Keratosis follicularis is a genetic disorder that is inherited in an autosomal dominant pattern. Physical examination classically shows keratotic papules that are distributed mostly on the so-called "seborrheic" areas of the body. Nail involvement is not uncommon and is characterized by V-shaped nicking at the distal aspect of the nail ...
Yerebakan O - - 2003
Mal de Meleda is a rare, autosomal recessive form of palmoplantar keratoderma. The disease has been mapped to chromosome 8 qter, and recently mutations in the ARS (component B) gene have been identified in families with this disorder. We describe a small family of Turkish origin with Mal de Meleda ...
Agarwal Anil K - - 2003
Mandibuloacral dysplasia (MAD; OMIM 248370) is a rare, genetically and phenotypically heterogeneous, autosomal recessive disorder characterized by skeletal abnormalities including hypoplasia of the mandible and clavicles, acro-osteolysis, cutaneous atrophy and lipodystrophy. A homozygous missense mutation, Arg527His, in the LMNA gene which encodes nuclear lamina proteins lamins A and C has ...
Ridanpää Maaret - - 2003
Cartilage-hair hypoplasia (CHH), or McKusick type metaphyseal chondrodysplasia, was originally described in the Old Order Amish in the United States and subsequently found to be unusually frequent among Finns. The major mutation causing CHH in Finns is a 70A --> G nucleotide substitution in the RMRP gene, which encodes the ...
Jap Tjin-Shing - - 2003
INTRODUCTION: Familial lipoprotein lipase (LPL) deficiency is inherited as an autosomal recessive trait and is characterized by chylomicronemia, eruptive xanthoma, hepatosplenomegaly, and recurrent pancreatitis. AIMS AND METHODOLOGY: Two unrelated Chinese of Han descent with hypertriglyceridemia were enrolled in this study, and another six Han Chinese with no family history of ...
Lefévre Caroline - - 2003
Lamellar ichthyosis type 2 (LI2) is a rare autosomal recessive skin disorder for which a gene has been localized on chromosome 2q33-35. We report the identification of five missense mutations in the ABCA12 gene in nine families from Africa affected by LI2. The mutations were homozygous in eight consanguineous families ...
Mariani R - - 2003
BACKGROUND: In the Italian general population, prevalence of C282Y is lower than in Northern European countries. We hypothesised a higher prevalence of C282Y in Northern than in Central and Southern Italy. We previously identified a nonsense mutation (W169X) in haemochromatosis probands originating from a Northern Italian region (Brianza). AIM: To ...
Gill Geoffrey P - - 2003
Evidence for the molecular basis of a null allele of cinnamyl alcohol dehydrogenase (CAD) has been discovered in the loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L.) clone 7-56. The mutation is a two-base pair adenosine insertion located in exon 5 that causes a frame-shift which is predicted to result in premature termination ...
Killeen Anthony A - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Two mutations in HFE, G845A (amino acid substitution C282Y) and C187G (H63D), are associated with hereditary hemochromatosis. We developed and validated a novel method, linked linear amplification (LLA), for detection of these two mutations. METHODS: Two segments of HFE were amplified by a multiplex LLA reaction that generated biotinylated ...
Urreizti Roser - - 2003
Homocystinuria due to cystathionine beta-synthase (CBS) deficiency has been extensively studied, but to date, no spectrum of CBS mutations of Spanish homocystinuric patients has been reported. Here we present a mutation analysis of thirteen Spanish and three Portuguese unrelated homocystinuric patients. Ten mutations were found to account for the thirty-two ...
Klebig Mitchell L - - 2003
Recessive N-ethyl-N-nitrosourea (ENU)-induced mutations recovered at the fitness-1 (fit1) locus in mouse chromosome 7 cause hematopoietic abnormalities, growth retardation, and shortened life span, with varying severity of the defects in different alleles. Abnormal iron distribution and metabolism and frequent scoliosis have also been associated with an allele of intermediate severity ...
Colosimo Alessia - - 2003
Wolfram syndrome (WS) is a recessively inherited mendelian form of diabetes and neurodegeneration also known by the acronym DIDMOAD from the major clinical features, including diabetes insipidus, diabetes mellitus, optic atrophy, and deafness. Affected individuals may also show renal tract abnormalities as well as multiple neurological and psychiatric symptoms. The ...
Dubaele Sandy - - 2003
Mutations in the XPD gene result in xeroderma pigmentosum (XP) and trichothiodystrophy (TTD), the phenotypes of which are often intricate. To understand the genotype/phenotype relationship, we engineered recombinant TFIIHs in which XPD subunits carry amino acid changes found in XPD patients. We demonstrate that all the XPD mutations are detrimental ...
Le Gac Gérald - - 2003
In Caucasians, from 4 to 35% of hereditary hemochromatosis (HH) patients carry a least one chromosome without a common assigned HFE mutation (i.e., C282Y, H63D, and S65C). We have undertaken a D-HPLC scanning of the HFE coding region in such patients in order to identify uncommon mutations liable to explain ...
Sundström Hannah - - 2003
The rate of mutation for nucleotide substitution is generally higher among males than among females, likely owing to the larger number of DNA replications in spermatogenesis than in oogenesis. For insertion and deletion (indel) mutations, data from a few human genetic disease loci indicate that the two sexes may mutate ...
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