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Results 351 - 400 of 1148
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Danielson Steven R - - 2005
Leber's hereditary optic neuropathy (LHON) is thought to be the most common disease resulting from mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) point mutations, and transmitochondrial cytoplasmic hybrid (cybrid) cell lines are the most frequently used model for understanding the pathogenesis of mitochondrial disorders. We have used oligonucleotide microarrays and a novel study design ...
Cabral Wayne A - - 2005
Patients with OI/EDS form a distinct subset of osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) patients. In addition to skeletal fragility, they have characteristics of Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (EDS). We identified 7 children with types III or IV OI, plus severe large and small joint laxity and early progressive scoliosis. In each child with OI/EDS, ...
Berdnikov V A - - 2005
After gamma irradiation of pea seeds, a mutation designated as tendril-less2 (tl2) was induced. In the heterozygous state, it transforms tendrils into very narrow leaflets that resemble the heterozygote phenotype of the classic tl mutation. The tendrils of the double heterozygote tl2/+, tl/+ are converted into oval leaflets. Unlike tl, ...
Currier Sophie C - - 2005
Walker-Warburg syndrome (WWS) is an autosomal recessive disorder of infancy characterized by hydrocephalus, agyria, retinal dysplasia, congenital muscular dystrophy, and over migration of neurons through a disrupted pial surface resulting in leptomeningeal heterotopia. Although previous work identified mutations in the o-mannosyl transferase, POMT1, in 6 out of 30 WWS families ...
Neuberger Michael S - - 2005
Somatic hypermutation of immunoglobulin genes occurs at both C.G pairs and A.T pairs. Mutations at C.G pairs are created by activation-induced deaminase (AID)-catalysed deamination of C residues to U residues. Mutations at A.T pairs are probably produced during patch repair of the AID-generated U.G lesion, but they occur through an ...
Pietrangelo Antonello A Department of Internal Medicine, University of Modena and Regio Emilia, Policlinico, Modena, Italy. - - 2005
Juvenile hemochromatosis is a severe form of hereditary iron overload that has thus far been linked to pathogenic mutations of the gene coding for hemojuvelin (HJV), on chromosome 1, or, more rarely, that coding for hepcidin ( HAMP ), on chromosome 19. A milder adult-onset form is due to pathogenic ...
Lunn J V - - 2005
Hereditary hemochromatosis (HH) results in increased iron absorption and subsequent deposition in tissue. This condition occurs predominantly in individuals of Northern European and Celtic origin with Ireland having one of the highest allele frequencies in the world. This study examines the hypothesis that homozygosity for either the C282Y or H63D ...
Masuya Hiroshi - - 2005
Amelogenesis imperfecta (AI) is a group of commonly inherited defects of dental enamel formation, which exhibits marked genetic and clinical heterogeneity. The genetic basis of this heterogeneity is still poorly understood. Enamelin, the affected gene product in one form of AI (AIH2), is an extracellular matrix protein that is one ...
Castaldo G - - 2005
We screened the whole coding region of the cystic fibrosis transmembrane regulator (CFTR) gene in 371 unrelated cystic fibrosis (CF) patients from three regions of southern Italy. Forty-three mutations detected 91.5% of CF mutated chromosomes by denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis analysis, and three intragenic CFTR polymorphisms predicted a myriad of ...
Fassihi H - - 2005
Herlitz junctional epidermolysis bullosa (JEB) is an autosomal recessive mechanobullous disorder that results from loss-of-function mutations in the genes encoding the basement membrane component, laminin 5. Typically, there are frameshift, splice site or nonsense mutations on both alleles of either the LAMA3, LAMB3 or LAMC2 genes, with affected individuals inheriting ...
Rufa Alessandra - - 2005
Although mitochondrial (mt) DNA mutation at nucleotide position 11778 accounts for most cases of Leber's hereditary optic neuropathy (LHON), the phenotypic expression may vary greatly even in different members of the same family. The possible influence of exogenous toxicity on phenotypic expression is still debated in LHON. Here we describe ...
Cozzi-Lepri Alessandro - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Studies have suggested that HIV-1 may develop thymidine analogue mutations (TAMs) by one of two distinct pathways - the TAM1 pathway (including mutations 41L, 210W and 215Y) or the TAM2 pathway (including mutations 67N, 70R and 219E/Q) - under the pressure of a not fully suppressive thymidine-analogue-containing regimen. METHODS: ...
Královicová Jana - - 2005
We compiled sequences of previously published aberrant 3' splice sites (3'ss) that were generated by mutations in human disease genes. Cryptic 3'ss, defined here as those resulting from a mutation of the 3'YAG consensus, were more frequent in exons than in introns. They clustered in approximately 20 nt region adjacent ...
Inoue Ken - - 2005
Pelizaeus-Merzbacher disease (PMD) and its allelic disorder, spastic paraplegia type 2 (SPG2), are among the best-characterized dysmyelinating leukodystrophies of the central nervous system (CNS). Both PMD and SPG2 are caused by mutations in the proteolipid protein 1 (PLP1) gene, which encodes a major component of CNS myelin proteins. Distinct types ...
Turner Dan - - 2004
This study compared the incidence of HIV-1 variants harboring mutations conferring resistance to thymidine analogues, ie, thymidine analogue mutations (TAMs), nonnucleoside reverse transcriptase (RT) inhibitors (NNMs), lamivudine (3TC) (ie, M184V), and protease inhibitors (PIs) acquired in primary HIV infection (PHI) (n = 59) to their observed prevalence in a corresponding ...
Wopereis Suzan - - 2005
Based on our preliminary observation of abnormal glycosylation in a cutis laxa patient, nine cutis laxa patients were analyzed for congenital defects of glycosylation (CDG). Isoelectric focusing of plasma transferrin and apolipoproteinC-III showed that three out of nine patients had a defect in the biosynthesis of N-glycans and core 1 ...
Benet-Pagès Anna - - 2005
Familial tumoral calcinosis (FTC) is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by ectopic calcifications and elevated serum phosphate levels. Recently, mutations in the GALNT3 gene have been described to cause FTC. The FTC phenotype is regarded as the metabolic mirror image of hypophosphatemic conditions, where causal mutations are known in genes ...
Hayashi Takeharu - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: We sought to explore the relationship between a Tcap gene (TCAP) abnormality and cardiomyopathy. BACKGROUND: Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) and dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) cause severe heart failure and sudden death. Recent genetic investigations have revealed that mutations of genes encoding Z-disc components, including titin and muscle LIM protein (MLP), are ...
Lentz Jennifer - - 2005
Usher syndrome is characterized by profound hearing loss and retinal degeneration. A splice-site mutation, 216G-->A, in exon 3 of USH1C is associated with Acadian Usher type IC. This mutation was reported to create an in-frame deletion of 39 base pairs (bp), resulting in an unstable transcript. By RT-PCR analysis of ...
Huang Yi-Ping - - 2004
p63 mutations have been identified in several developmental abnormalities, including split-hand/foot malformation (SHFM). In this study, we demonstrate that the C-terminal domain of p63alpha associates with the E2 ubiquitin conjugating enzyme, Ubc9. A p63alpha mutation, Q634X, which naturally occurs in SHFM modulated the interaction of p63alpha with Ubc9 in yeast ...
Wise Thomas L - - 2004
The radiation-induced mutation Oligosyndactylism (Os) is associated with limb and kidney defects in heterozygotes and with mitotic arrest and embryonic lethality in homozygotes. We reported that the cell cycle block in Os and in the 94-A/K transgene-induced mutations is due to disruption of the Anapc10 (Apc10/Doc1) gene. To understand the ...
Kijima Kazuki - - 2005
Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT) has been classified into two types, CMT1 and CMT2, demyelinating and axonal forms, respectively. CMT2 has been further subdivided into eight groups by linkage studies. CMT2A is linked to chromosome 1p35-p36 and mutation in the kinesin family member 1B-beta (KIF1B) gene had been reported in one pedigree. ...
Runkel F - - 2004
Reduced Coat 2 (Rco2) is an ENU-induced mutation affecting hair follicle morphogenesis by an abnormal and protracted catagen. We describe chromosomal mapping and molecular identification of the autosomal dominant Rco2 mutation. The Rco2 critical region on mouse chromosome 11 encompasses the alopecia loci, Bareskin (Bsk), Rex-denuded (Re(den)), Recombination induced mutation ...
Mabuchi Akihiko - - 2004
Multiple epiphyseal dysplasia (MED) is a common skeletal dysplasia characterized by joint pain and stiffness, delayed and irregular ossification of epiphyses, and early-onset osteoarthritis. Six genes responsible for MED have been identified, including COMP, COL9A1, COL9A2, COL9A3, DSTDT and MATN3. MATN3 encodes matrilin-3, a cartilage-specific extracellular matrix protein. To date, ...
Letteboer T G W - - 2005
Hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT) or Rendu-Osler-Weber disease is an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by an aberrant vascular development. The resulting vascular lesions range from smaller mucocutaneous telangiectases to large visceral arteriovenous malformations, especially in the skin, lung, gastrointestinal tract and the brain. Mutations in the genes encoding endoglin (ENG, chromosome ...
Mannan Ashraf U - - 2004
We report a novel spontaneous mutation named nax in mice, which exhibit delayed hair appearance and ataxia in a homozygote state. Histological analyses of nax brain revealed an overall impairment of the cerebellar cortex. The classical cortical cytoarchitecture was disrupted, the inner granule cell layer was not obvious, the Purkinje ...
Weaving Linda S - - 2004
Rett syndrome (RTT) is a severe neurodevelopmental disorder caused, in most classic cases, by mutations in the X-linked methyl-CpG-binding protein 2 gene (MECP2). A large degree of phenotypic variation has been observed in patients with RTT, both those with and without MECP2 mutations. We describe a family consisting of a ...
Wang Xiaodong - - 2004
Cystic fibrosis (CF) is a childhood hereditary disease in which the most common mutant form of the CF transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) DeltaF508 fails to exit the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). Export of wild-type CFTR from the ER requires the coat complex II (COPII) machinery, as it is sensitive to Sar1 ...
Hilbert L - - 2004
Type 2N von Willebrand disease (VWD) is characterized by a markedly decreased affinity of von Willebrand factor (VWF) for factor VIII (FVIII). The FVIII binding site has been localized within the first 272 amino acid residues of mature VWF, encoded by exons 18-23. Two substitutions in exon 18 of VWF ...
Andrews M C - - 2004
We have identified two mutations in the ace1 gene of Aphis gossypii that are associated with insensitivity of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) to carbamate and organophosphate insecticides. The first of these, S431F (equivalent to F331 in Torpedo californica), is associated with insensitivity to the carbamate insecticide pirimicarb in a range of A. ...
Ho Chung-Liang - - 2004
Molecular genetic changes that are associated with the initiating stage of tumor development are important in tumorigenesis. Ovarian serous borderline tumors (SBTs), putative precursors of low-grade serous carcinomas, are among the few human neoplasms with a high frequency of activating mutations in BRAF and KRAS genes. However, it remains unclear ...
Zhu Li L Department of Ophthalmology, University of Washington, 1957 NE Pacific St., Seattle, WA 98195-6485, - - 2004
Rho (rhodopsin; opsin plus 11-cis-retinal) is a prototypical G protein-coupled receptor responsible for the capture of a photon in retinal photoreceptor cells. A large number of mutations in the opsin gene associated with autosomal dominant retinitis pigmentosa have been identified. The naturally occurring T4R opsin mutation in the English mastiff ...
Veugelers Mark - - 2004
Carney complex (CNC) is a familial multiple neoplasia syndrome characterized by cardiac and extracardiac myxomas in the setting of spotty skin pigmentation and endocrinopathy. We previously identified PRKAR1A (regulatory subunit 1alpha of protein kinase A) mutations in CNC. Mutational analyses of the PRKAR1A gene in 51 unrelated CNC probands now ...
Dagoneau Nathalie - - 2004
Weill-Marchesani syndrome (WMS) is characterized by the association of short stature; brachydactyly; joint stiffness; eye anomalies, including microspherophakia and ectopia of the lenses; and, occasionally, heart defects. We have recently mapped a gene for the autosomal recessive form of WMS to chromosome 19p13.3-p13.2, in a 12.4-cM interval. Here, we report ...
Concolino Paola - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Hereditary diffuse gastric cancer (HDGC) is a disease mediated by down-regulation of the tumor suppressor E-cadherin (CDH1). This disease is particularly dangerous because of the youth of the patients, and for clinical management, hampered by the submucosal spread of tumor invisible at endoscopy. Two mechanisms of CDH1 down-regulation have ...
Kubota Takeo - - 2004
A 3-year-old girl with phenotypic and cytogenetic manifestations of the ICF syndrome and DNA hypomethylation but without DNMT3B gene mutation is described. At age 3 months, she had an apneic spell that left her with spastic paraplegia and severe mental retardation. At age 8 months, she suffered meningococcal meningitis and ...
Kanters Jørgen K - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to develop an objective method to distinguish between HERG and KvLQT1 genotypes on the surface ECG. BACKGROUND: The two most prevalent genes affected in long QT syndrome (LQTS) are KvLQT1 (KCNQ1) and HERG (KCNH2), which are mutated in >90% of patients with a ...
Li J-G - - 2004
A previously undescribed missense mutation was detected in the L12 domain of keratin 5 (K5) in a Chinese family with Weber-Cockayne epidermolysis bullosa simplex. Direct sequencing of the PCR products identified a single base substitution (983A-->G) that changes the aspartic acid residue at codon 328 to glycine in all affected ...
Tan Eng-King - - 2004
Mutations in the DJ-1 gene have been described in autosomal recessive Parkinson's disease patients (ARPD) of European ancestry and young onset (YOPD) Ashkenazi Jewish and Afro-Caribbean patients. There is little information on the prevalence of DJ-1 mutations amongst Asian PD populations. In this study, we examined for DJ-1 mutations in ...
Yang Xue - - 2004
Methylmalonic acidemia (MMA) is caused by the deficient activity of l-methylmalonyl-CoA mutase, which is a vitamin B(12) (or cobalamin, Cbl)-dependent enzyme. MMA due to the effect of insufficient Cbl metabolism is classified into three forms (cblA, cblB, and cblH). Recently, the genes responsible for cblA and cblB were identified as ...
Coviello Domenico A - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluates the prevalence of 35delG GJB2 mutation, the most common genetic mutation causing prelingual deafness, and its screening feasibility and acceptability in pregnant women undergoing first-trimester CVS for chromosomal abnormality investigation. METHODS: Samples were taken from 5786 pregnant women who requested CVS for chromosomal analysis. The samples ...
Ranjit M R - - 2004
In Orissa, a malaria-hyperendemic area of India, we assessed the relationship between the PfCRT (K76T) point mutation of Plasmodium falciparum and the clinical severity of malaria. Forty uncomplicated and 36 severe malaria cases were selected, and parasite species, density and schizontaemia determined by examination of Giemsa-stained thick or thin blood ...
Stinckens Christel - - 2004
In 15 Belgian subjects with prelingual sensorineural hearing impairment, the connexin 26 (GJB2) gene and the connexin 30 (GJB6) gene were analyzed for the presence of the 35delG mutation and the delta(GJB6-D13S1830) deletion first described by del Castillo et al in 2002. Seven patients were found to be homozygous for ...
Essenfelder Guilherme Munhoz - - 2004
Clouston syndrome or hidrotic ectodermal dysplasia (HED) is a rare dominant genodermatosis characterized by palmoplantar hyperkeratosis, generalized alopecia and nail defects. The disease is caused by mutations in the human GJB6 gene which encodes the gap junction protein connexin30 (Cx30). To gain insight into the molecular mechanisms underlying HED, we ...
Trimborn Marc - - 2004
Microcephalin (MCPH1) is a gene mutated in primary microcephaly, an autosomal recessive neurodevelopmental disorder in which there is a marked reduction in brain size. PCC syndrome is a recently described disorder of microcephaly, short stature, and misregulated chromosome condensation. Here, we report the finding that MCPH1 primary microcephaly and PCC ...
Sutton Ian J - - 2004
Ataxia telangiectasia (A-T) is an autosomal recessive neurodegenerative disorder that arises because of mutations in the ATM gene. The 5762ins137 A-->G point mutation activates a cryptic splice donor site resulting in a 137 bp intronic insert being aberrantly spliced into the ATM transcript. However, normal ATM transcript also is produced ...
Fisher Nicholas - - 2004
Saccharomyces cerevisiae has been used as a model system to characterize the effect of cytochrome b mutations found in fungal and oomycete plant pathogens resistant to Q(o) inhibitors (QoIs), including the strobilurins, now widely employed in agriculture to control such diseases. Specific residues in the Q(o) site of yeast cytochrome ...
Lumbroso Serge - - 2004
McCune-Albright syndrome (MAS) is a sporadic disorder characterized by the classic triad of polyostotic fibrous dysplasia, café-au-lait skin pigmentation, and peripheral precocious puberty. It is due to postzygotic activating mutations of arginine 201 in the guanine-nucleotide-binding protein (G protein) alpha-subunit (Gsalpha), leading to a mosaic distribution of cells bearing constitutively ...
Van Way Susan M - - 2004
The FliG protein is a central component of the bacterial flagellar motor. It is one of the first proteins added during assembly of the flagellar basal body, and there are 26 copies per motor. FliG interacts directly with the Mot protein complex of the stator to generate torque, and it ...
Koundakjian Edmund J - - 2004
The majority of genes of multicellular organisms encode proteins with functions that are not required for viability but contribute to important physiological functions such as behavior and reproduction. It is estimated that 75% of the genes of Drosophila melanogaster are nonessential. Here we report on a strategy used to establish ...
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