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Results 301 - 350 of 1148
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Sasaki Masao S - - 2006
The origin and transmission of de novo chromosome mutations were reviewed on the basis of our chromosome studies in retinoblastoma patients and male infertility. In a series of 264 sporadic retinoblastoma families, gross chromosome rearrangements involving the RB1 locus were identified in 23 cases (8.7%), of which 16 were non-mosaic ...
Goldmuntz Elizabeth - - 2006
Alagille syndrome is an autosomal-dominant disorder characterized by hepatic, cardiac, ocular, skeletal, and facial abnormalities. The disease gene, Jaggedl (JAG]), was identified by molecular analyses of chromosomal alterations involving chromosome 20p. Total gene deletions (3-7%) and intragenic mutations (70%) of JAG] have been identified in Alagille patients. Identifying JAG] mutations ...
Song Ya-Ling - - 2006
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Odontogenic keratocysts (OKC) are aggressive lesions in the jaws, which can occur as isolated cases or in association with nevoid basal cell carcinoma syndrome (NBCCS). Mutations on PTCH gene have been identified in patients with NBCCS. It was hypothesized that PTCH mutations may be causative in isolated OKC. This ...
Tang Shengjian - - 2006
Blepharophimosis-ptosis-epicanthus inversus syndrome (BPES) is an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by blepharophimosis, ptosis and epicanthus inversus. Based on the presence and absence of premature ovarian failure, two clinical types have been distinguished. Both types of BPES have been mapped to chromosome 3q23 and are mostly due to mutations of a ...
Whittington C A - - 2006
The C282Y mutation is held to have arisen in either a Celtic or a Viking ancestor some 60 generations ago. While the Scandinavians have a high frequency of C282Y, the Irish have the highest frequency of the C282Y mutation in the world. However testing of the Irish people for C282Y ...
Shu Wenjie - - 2006
The diverse functions of ncRNAs critically depend on their structures. Mutations in ncRNAs disrupting the structures of functional sites are expected to be deleterious. RNA deleterious mutations have attracted wide attentions because some of them in cells result in serious disease, and some others in microbes influence their fitness. The ...
KabziƄska Dagmara - - 2006
Mutations in the gene coding for ganglioside-induced differentiation-associated protein-1 (GDAP1), which maps to chromosome 8q21, have been described in families with autosomal recessive Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT4A). Interestingly, some mutations in the GDAP1 gene have been reported in the demyelinating form of CMT1 disease, whereas others were found in patients with ...
van der Burg Mirjam - - 2006
V(D)J recombination of Ig and TCR loci is a stepwise process during which site-specific DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) are made by RAG1/RAG2, followed by DSB repair by nonhomologous end joining. Defects in V(D)J recombination result in SCID characterized by absence of mature B and T cells. A subset of T-B-NK+ ...
Street Valerie A - - 2005
Mutations within the COCH gene (encoding the cochlin protein) lead to auditory and vestibular impairment in the DFNA9 disorder. In this study, we describe the genetic mapping of progressive autosomal dominant sensorineural hearing loss first affecting high-frequency auditory thresholds within a human pedigree to the long arm of chromosome 14 ...
Gou Xiao - - 2005
Tibetan chick lives at high altitudes between 2600 and 4200 m with a high hatchability and low land breeds survive rarely with a hatchability of 3.0% under hypoxia of simulated 4200 m. Under hypoxia of whole 21 d, the hatchability of Tibetan chick and Recessive White Feather broiler differed with ...
Abecasis Ana Barroso - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether and how mutations at position 89 of HIV-1 protease were associated with protease inhibitor (PI) failure, and what is the impact of the HIV-1 subtype. METHODS: In a database containing pol nucleotide sequences and treatment history, the correlation between PI experience and mutations at codon 89 ...
Schiavi Francesca F Department of Endocrinology, University of Padova, Padova, - - 2005
Paraganglioma syndrome includes inherited head and neck paragangliomas (HNPs) and adrenal or extra-adrenal pheochromocytomas and are classified according to the susceptibility genes SDHB, SDHC, and SDHD. In contrast with those with germline mutations of the SDHB and SDHD genes, clinical and genetic data on patients with mutations of SDHC are ...
Dumitrescu Alexandra M - - 2005
Incorporation of selenocysteine (Sec), through recoding of the UGA stop codon, creates a unique class of proteins. Mice lacking tRNA(Sec) die in utero, but the in vivo role of other components involved in selenoprotein synthesis is unknown, and Sec incorporation defects have not been described in humans. Deiodinases (DIOs) are ...
Ohkuri Takatoshi - - 2005
In previous paper, we showed that W62G mutation caused ill effects at the early stages of folding of the reduced hen lysozyme in vitro. Here, we investigated whether the single mutation brings about drastic turn to in vivo folding of lysozyme. W62G lysozyme was secreted from yeast cells and then ...
Hudson Gavin G Mitochondrial Research Group, The Medical School, Framlington Place, Newcastle upon Tyne, NE2 4HH, United - - 2005
Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) mutations are a major cause of human disease. A large number of different molecular defects ultimately compromise oxidative phosphorylation, but it is not clear why the same biochemical defect can cause diverse clinical phenotypes. There is emerging evidence that nuclear genes modulate the phenotype of primary mtDNA ...
Nishino I - - 2005
Distal myopathy with rimmed vacuoles (DMRV) and hereditary inclusion body myopathy (HIBM) are now known to be the same disease and are caused by mutations in tile GNE gene that encodes a bifunctional protein with two enzymatic activities: UDP-GlcNAc2-epimerase (GNE) and ManNAc kinase (MNK). GNE catalyzes the rate-limiting step in ...
Struys Eduard A - - 2005
D-2-hydroxyglutaric aciduria is a neurometabolic disorder with mild and severe phenotypes. Recently, we reported pathogenic mutations in the D-2-hydroxyglutarate dehydrogenase gene as the cause of the severe phenotype of D-2-hydroxyglutaric aciduria in two patients. Here, we report two novel pathogenic mutations in this gene in one patient with a mild ...
Tefferi Ayalew - - 2005
Polycythaemia vera (PV) is closely associated with both an acquired activating mutation of the JAK2 tyrosine kinase (JAK2(V617F)) in granulocyte-derived DNA and increased granulocyte polycythaemia rubra vera-1 (PRV-1) expression. In order to explore the correlation between these two biological markers and compare their diagnostic utility, mutation analysis for JAK2(V617F) and ...
Gupta A - - 2005
Wilson disease (WD) is an autosomal recessive disorder caused by defects in the copper-transporting P-type ATPase gene (ATP7B) resulting in the accumulation of copper in the liver and the brain. We identified prevalent mutations in the ATP7B of Indian WD patients and attempted to correlate those with the disease phenotype. ...
Kennedy Ann M - - 2005
MMPs, which degrade components of the ECM, have roles in embryonic development, tissue repair, cancer, arthritis, and cardiovascular disease. We show that a missense mutation of MMP13 causes the Missouri type of human spondyloepimetaphyseal dysplasia (SEMD(MO)), an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by defective growth and modeling of vertebrae and long ...
Masuyama Tatsuo - - 2005
About 80% of female patients with Rett syndrome (RTT) display a mutation in the methyl-CpG-binding protein 2 (MECP2) gene, but most males with MECP2 mutation experience severe fatal encephalopathy or non-specific X-linked mental retardation (XLMR). The existence of male RTT has been extensively discussed. We report herein a boy with ...
Mayengue Pembe Issamou - - 2005
Chloroquine (CQ) resistance in Plasmodium falciparum has been particularly associated with mutations in the pfcrt gene. The present study was carried out in the malaria hyperendemic town of Brazzaville (Republic of Congo, Central Africa) where CQ is still recommended and used as a first-line drug for P. falciparum malaria. We ...
Loo Tip W - - 2005
Cystic fibrosis (CF) is most commonly caused by deletion of Phe508 in the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator protein (DeltaF508 CFTR). The misfolded DeltaF508 CFTR protein is retained in the endoplasmic reticulum (misprocessed mutant) and is rapidly degraded. Studies on misprocessed mutants of P-glycoprotein (P-gp), a sister protein of CFTR, ...
Dinopoulos Argirios - - 2005
Clinical symptoms in atypical nonketotic hyperglycinemia (NKH) are heterogeneous, in sharp contrast to uniform severe neurological symptoms in the classical NKH. A review of the literature of atypical NKH cases reveals three forms: neonatal, infantile, and late onset. The presentation in the neonatal form is similar to the classical one ...
De Menis Ernesto - - 2005
Mutations in the DAX-1 gene result in X-linked congenital adrenal hypoplasia. The classic clinical presentation is primary adrenal insufficiency in early life and hypogonadotropic hypogonadism at the time of expected puberty, but recent data have expanded the phenotypic spectrum of DAX-1 mutations. We report the occurrence of an ACTH-secreting adenoma ...
Winn Richard N - - 2005
We examined the ability of a mixture of the predominant green tea polyphenolic compounds (GTP) to reduce benzo[a]pyrene (B[a]P)-induced mutations in the cII gene of the lambda transgenic medaka. Fish were treated with 50 ppb B[a]P for 24 hr, followed by exposure to 2 ppm or 10 ppm GTP for ...
Zhang Hai-jun - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To ascertain whether other variations coexist with 1555(A--> G) mutation in the mitochondrial DNA and may aggravate the severity of hearing loss or increase the penetrance of 1555(A--> G) mutation in a large family with maternally inherited nonsyndromic deafness in Huaiyin, Jiangsu province. METHODS: PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) ...
Gaffney Daniel J - - 2005
Mutation rates vary across mammalian genomes, but little is known about the scale over which this variation occurs. Knowledge of the magnitude and scale of mutational variation is required to understand the processes that drive mutation, and is essential in formulating a robust null hypothesis for comparative genomics studies. Here ...
Kjaer K W - - 2006
Brachydactyly type A2 (OMIM 112600) is characterised by hypoplasia/aplasia of the second middle phalanx of the index finger and sometimes the little finger. BDA2 was first described by Mohr and Wriedt in a large Danish/Norwegian kindred and mutations in BMPR1B were recently demonstrated in two affected families. We found and ...
Salzer U - - 2005
The functional interaction of BAFF and APRIL with TNF receptor superfamily members BAFFR, TACI and BCMA is crucial for development and maintenance of humoral immunity in mice and humans. Using a candidate gene approach, we identified homozygous and heterozygous mutations in TNFRSF13B, encoding TACI, in 13 individuals with common variable ...
Zhang Yu-hu - - 2005
We investigated the presence of mutations in the pantothenate kinase (PANK2) gene in a 27-year-old male Chinese patient with atypical pantothenate kinase-associated neurodegeneration (PKAN), formerly Hallervorden-Spatz syndrome. Automated DNA sequence analyses revealed compound heterozygous mutations in the exon 3 and 5. This patient had a 10-year history of PKAN characterized ...
Akiyama Masashi - - 2005
Harlequin ichthyosis (HI) is a devastating skin disorder with an unknown underlying cause. Abnormal keratinocyte lamellar granules (LGs) are a hallmark of HI skin. ABCA12 is a member of the ATP-binding cassette transporter family, and members of the ABCA subfamily are known to have closely related functions as lipid transporters. ...
Schneider Katja U - - 2005
Haploinsufficiency of the short stature homeobox gene SHOX has been found in patients with idiopathic short stature (ISS) and Leri-Weill dyschondrosteosis (LWD). In addition to complete gene deletions and nonsense mutations, several missense mutations have been identified in both patient groups, leading to amino acid substitutions in the SHOX protein. ...
Goerttler Philipp S PS Department of Experimental Anaesthesiology, University Hospital Freiburg, Breisacher Str. 66, 79106 Freiburg, - - 2005
Recently, a Jak2V617F mutation has been described in the vast majority of patients with polycythemia vera (PV) as well as in subsets of patients with essential thrombocythemia (ET) and idiopathic myelofibrosis (IMF). The question arises whether this mutation is observed in those patients with ET and IMF who have also ...
Maranduba C M C - - 2006
We report a novel 1 bp deletion (c.1834delC) in the MCT8 gene in a large Brazilian family with Allan-Herndon-Dudley syndrome (AHDS), an X linked condition characterised by severe mental retardation and neurological dysfunction. The c.1834delC segregates with the disease in this family and it was not present in 100 control ...
Laberge Anne-Marie - - 2005
The predominance of the T14484C mutation in French Canadians with Leber hereditary optic neuropathy is due to a founder effect. By use of genealogical reconstructions of maternal lineages, a woman married in Quebec City in 1669 is identified as the shared female ancestor for 11 of 13 affected individuals, who ...
Zheng Qiping - - 2005
Cleidocranial dysplasia (CCD) is an autosomal dominant skeletal dysplasia caused by heterozygosity of mutations in human RUNX2. The disorder is characterized by delayed closure of the fontanel and hypoplastic clavicles that result from defective intramembranous ossification. However, additional features, such as short stature and cone epiphyses, also suggest an underlying ...
Mizuno Seiji - - 2005
Hereditary lymphedema type I (Milroy disease) is a rare autosomal dominant disease resulting from mutations of FLT4 encoding the vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-3. Patients develop edema of the legs and feet, resulting in chronic swelling of the lower extremities from the neonatal period. Here we report a Japanese family ...
Drenth Joost P H - - 2005
Primary erythermalgia is a rare disorder characterized by recurrent attacks of red, warm and painful hands, and/or feet. We previously localized the gene for primary erythermalgia to a 7.94 cM region on chromosome 2q. Recently, Yang et al identified two missense mutations of the sodium channel alpha subunit SCN9A in ...
Chung Woo-Hyun - - 2005
The fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe contains two dithiol glutaredoxins (Grx1 and Grx2) and genes for three putative monothiol glutaredoxins (grx3, 4, and 5). We investigated the expression, sub-cellular localization, and functions of the three monothiol glutaredoxins. Fluorescence microscopy revealed that Grx3 is targeted to nuclear rim and endoplasmic reticulum, Grx4 ...
Ferré Marc - - 2005
Autosomal dominant optic atrophy (ADOA), also known as Kjer disease, is characterized by moderate to severe loss of visual acuity with an insidious onset in early childhood, blue-yellow dyschromatopsia, and central scotoma. An optic atrophy gene, called OPA1, has been identified in most cases of the disease. A total of ...
Glorieux Francis H - - 2005
Infantile cortical hyperostosis (also known as Caffey disease) is characterized by hyperirritability, acute inflammation of soft tissues, and profound alterations of the shape and structure of the underlying bones, particularly the long bones, mandible, clavicles, or ribs. In this issue of the JCI, Gensure et al. undertook fine mapping of ...
Chen Peng - - 2005
The mutation sufY204 mediates suppression of a +1 frameshift mutation in the histidine operon of Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium and synthesis of two novel modified nucleosides in tRNA. The sufY204 mutation, which results in an amino-acid substitution in a protein, is, surprisingly, dominant over its wild-type allele and thus it ...
Arboleda-Velasquez Joseph F - - 2005
Mutations in the NOTCH3 gene trigger adult-onset stroke and vascular dementia in patients with CADASIL (cerebral autosomal dominant arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy). All CADASIL mutations described to date affect the epidermal growth factor-like (EGF-like) repeats located in the extracellular domain of the Notch3 receptor. These domains are also ...
Ohlenbusch Andreas - - 2005
Autosomal recessive inherited mutations in each of the five eukaryotic initiation factor 2B (eIF2B) subunits are known to cause white matter abnormalities with a wide continuum of clinical signs and severity leading to the concept of eIF2B-related disorders. The clinical spectrum extends from fatal infantile forms to adult forms with ...
Ying S H - - 2005
Two hereditary ataxia syndromes show distinct profiles of region-specific atrophy and ocular motor deficits. Selective pontine atrophy is associated with slowed saccades in ataxin-2 mutations, and selective floccular atrophy is associated with impaired pursuit and gaze-holding abnormalities in Ca(V)2.1 mutations. Although the flocculus seems to be spared relative to the ...
Verdijk Pauline - - 2005
A heterozygous mutation in the Langerin gene corresponding to position 837 in the Langerin mRNA was identified in a person deficient in Birbeck granules (BG). This mutation results in an amino acid replacement of tryptophan by arginine at position 264 in the carbohydrate recognition domain of the Langerine protein. Expression ...
Guerrini Renzo - - 2005
Several malformation syndromes with abnormal cortical development have been recognized. Specific causative gene defects and characteristic electroclinical patterns have been identified for some. X-linked periventricular nodular heterotopia is mainly seen in female patients and is often associated with focal epilepsy. FLN1 mutations have been reported in all familial cases and ...
Wirden Marc - - 2005
We analysed the quasispecies at a clonal level in patients whose plasma genotypic test harboured K65R with L74V or thymidine analogue mutations (TAM). We showed that the K65R and TAM such as M41L, D67N, T215Y/D, L210W and K219E can be borne by the same virus. We found no clone bearing ...
Dong Juan - - 2005
Amelogenesis imperfecta hypoplastic-hypomaturation with taurodontism (AIHHT) is an autosomal dominant (AD) trait associated with enamel defects and enlarged pulp chambers. In this study, we mapped an AIHHT family to human chromosome 17 q21-q22 (lod score 3.3) and identify a two basepair deletion (CT) at nucleotide 560 in DLX3 associated with ...
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