Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1143
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Lombardi Laura - - 2007
In Neurospora, the circadian rhythm is expressed as rhythmic conidiation driven by a feedback loop involving the protein products of frq (frequency), wc-1 (white collar-1), and wc-2, known as the frq/wc (FWC) oscillator. Although strains carrying null mutations such as frq(10) or wc-2Delta lack a functional FWC oscillator and do ...
Deardorff Matthew A MA Division of Human and Molecular Genetics, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA 19104-4318, - - 2007
Mutations in the cohesin regulators NIPBL and ESCO2 are causative of the Cornelia de Lange syndrome (CdLS) and Roberts or SC phocomelia syndrome, respectively. Recently, mutations in the cohesin complex structural component SMC1A have been identified in two probands with features of CdLS. Here, we report the identification of a ...
Havekes B - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: Malignant paragangliomas have been well described in carriers of mutations of the succinate dehydrogenase B (SDHB) gene, but have rarely been associated with mutations in the succinate dehydrogenase D (SDHD) gene. AIM: The aim of the study was to report the different clinical expression patterns of malignant paragangliomas in ...
Naeger Lisa K - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To assess the resistance profile of tipranavir. METHODS: Resistance analyses were performed on Boëhringer Ingelheim-sponsored studies examining the safety and efficacy of tipranavir in highly treatment-experienced individuals at 24 weeks. Virologic response rates based on the presence of baseline primary protease inhibitor mutations and based on baseline tipranavir susceptibility ...
Kuslak Sheri L - - 2007
The mouse seminal vesicle shape (svs) mutation is a spontaneous recessive mutation that causes branching morphogenesis defects in the prostate gland and seminal vesicles. Unlike many other mutations that reduce prostatic and/or seminal vesicle branching, the svs mutation dramatically reduces branching without reducing organ growth. Using a positional cloning approach, ...
Charbotel Barbara - - 2007
We investigated the association between exposure to trichloroethylene (TCE) and mutations in the von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) gene and the subsequent risk for renal cell carcinoma (RCC). Cases were recruited from a case-control study previously carried out in France that suggested an association between exposures to high levels of TCE and ...
Haston Christina K - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Cystic fibrosis (CF) mice, created with a genetically engineered mutation in the Cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (Cftr) gene, may develop intestinal plugs which limit their survival past weaning. In a studied population of genetically mixed CF mice differences in allelic ratios at particular loci, between surviving CF mice ...
Hanumappa Mamatha - - 2007
The intensity of flower colour, mainly determined by the amount of anthocyanin, is an important horticultural trait. To modulate flower colour intensity, post-transcriptional gene silencing (PTGS)-based technology has been widely used. The constraint of PTGS, however, is that it requires a high degree of conservation in the nucleotide sequences of ...
Han Beibei - - 2007
Lipoid proteinosis is caused by loss-of-function mutations in the glycoprotein extracellular matrix protein 1 (ECM1). We report here mutation analysis of the ECM1 gene in a Chinese family with lipoid proteinosis. A 10-year-old boy presented with a hoarse voice, acneiform scars and yellow skin nodules, as well as beaded eyelid ...
Mütze Sabine - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: An association between maternal HELLP syndrome and fetal long chain 3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase (LCHAD) deficiency has been proposed. LCHAD catalyzes the third step in the beta-oxidation of fatty acids in mitochondria. Whereas about 75% of LCHAD-deficient patients carry a G-to-C mutation at nucleotide position 1528 (Glu474Gln, E474Q) on both chromosomes, ...
Hong Hue-Hua L - - 2007
Ethylene oxide is a multisite carcinogen in rodents and classified as a human carcinogen by the National Toxicology Program. In 2-year mouse studies, ethylene oxide (EO) induced lung, Harderian gland (HG), and uterine neoplasms. We evaluated representative EO-induced and equivalent spontaneous neoplasms for K-ras mutations in codons 12, 13, and ...
Matsushita Yoshihisa - - 2007
Junctophilin subtypes, designated as JPH1 approximately 4, are protein components of junctional complexes and play essential roles in cellular Ca2+ signaling in excitable cells. Knockout mice lacking the cardiac-type Jph2 die of embryonic cardiac arrest, and the mutant cardiac myocytes exhibit impaired formation of peripheral couplings and arrhythmic Ca2+ signaling ...
Frankel Fernando A - - 2007
We wished to investigate the effects of various mutations in HIV-1 reverse transcriptase (RT) on biochemical inhibition by the active form of a novel nucleoside termed apricitabine. Accordingly, we studied the efficiency of chain-termination mediated by apricitabine triphosphate (TP) in cell-free assays that used either recombinant wild-type or mutated RTs. ...
Plecko Barbara - - 2007
Patients with pyridoxine dependent epilepsy (PDE) present with early-onset seizures resistant to common anticonvulsants. According to the benefit of pyridoxine (vitamin B(6)) and recurrence of seizures on pyridoxine withdrawal, patients so far have been classified as having definite, probable, or possible PDE. Recently, PDE has been shown to be caused ...
Grüters Annette - - 2007
In in vitro experiments, active transport of thyroid hormones had been repeatedly demonstrated. The membrane transporters for thyroid hormones which have been identified include the organic anion transporting polypeptide, heterodimeric amino acid transporters and the monocarboxylate transporters (MCT) which are the focus of this chapter. The gene encoding MCT8 which ...
Visser Theo J - - 2007
Cellular uptake and release of thyroid hormone are mediated by transporters. Among these, monocarboxylate transporter 8 (MCT8) shows particularly high activity towards the active thyroid hormone 3,3',5-triiodothyronine (T(3)). MCT8 is expressed in different tissues, including the brain where it is predominantly localized in neurons. The MCT8 gene is located on ...
Liégeois Samuel - - 2007
Few studies have investigated whether or not there is an interdependence between osmoregulation and vesicular trafficking. We previously showed that in Caenorhabditis elegans che-14 mutations affect osmoregulation, cuticle secretion, and sensory organ development. We report the identification of seven lethal mutations displaying che-14-like phenotypes, which define four new genes, rdy-1-rdy-4 ...
Durand Christelle M - - 2007
SHANK3 (also known as ProSAP2) regulates the structural organization of dendritic spines and is a binding partner of neuroligins; genes encoding neuroligins are mutated in autism and Asperger syndrome. Here, we report that a mutation of a single copy of SHANK3 on chromosome 22q13 can result in language and/or social ...
Kratz Christian P - - 2007
Costello syndrome (CS; MIM 218040) is characterized by short stature, facial dysmorphism, cardiac defects and predisposition to embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma (CS/ERMS) and other neoplasias. CS is caused by germline mutations in the HRAS gene on chromosome 11p15.5, a region showing allelic imbalances in sporadic ERMS and CS/ERMS. The critical gene for ...
Wang Tao - - 2006
Drosophila phototransduction serves as a model for phosphoinositide (PI) signaling and for characterizing the mechanisms regulating transient receptor potential (TRP) channels in vivo. Activation of TRP and TRP-like (TRPL) requires hydrolysis of phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PIP2), resulting in the generation of inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3) and diacylglycerol (DAG). Although a role for ...
Pineda-Trujillo Nicolas - - 2006
We previously identified in two families with early onset Parkinson's Disease (PD) from the isolated population of Antioquia (Colombia), a parkin Cys212Tyr substitution caused by a G736A mutation. This mutation was subsequently observed in a Spanish family, suggesting that it could have been taken to Antioquia by Spanish immigrants. Here ...
Rosenthal Stephen M - - 2006
Mutations of G protein-coupled receptors are responsible for a wide range of diseases. With respect to water balance and vasopressin signaling, more than 180 different inactivating mutations have been previously described in the V2 vasopressin receptor (V2R), resulting in nephrogenic diabetes insipidus. In contrast, we have recently described the first ...
Alcalde Miguel - - 2006
Combinatorial saturation mutagenesis -CSM- is a valuable tool for improving enzymatic properties from hot-spot residues discovered by directed enzyme evolution or performing semi-rational studies. CSM coupled to a reliable high-throughput screening assay -coefficient of variance below 10%- has been used to enhance turnover rates in the fungal laccase variant T2 ...
Ackerman Kate G - - 2007
Mutations of Fog2 in mice result in a phenotype that includes pulmonary lobar defects. To determine whether formation of the accessory lobe bronchus is mediated by a Gata family cofactor, we evaluated embryonic lungs from mice carrying missense mutations that cause loss of FOG-GATA protein interaction. Lungs from embryos carrying ...
Sanjad Sami A - - 2007
Familial hypomagnesemic hypercalciuria and nephrocalcinosis (FHHNC [MIM 248250]) is a rare renal tubular disorder characterized by impaired reabsorption of magnesium and calcium in the thick ascending limb of Henle's loop (tALH), causing renal magnesium wasting and hypercalciuria. Patients with FHHNC usually present with recurrent urinary tract infections, polyuria, nephrolithiasis (NL) ...
Zhang X Q XQ Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Reproductive Genetics, University of Utah, School of Medicine, 50 N Medical Drive, Wintrobe Building Room 657, Salt Lake City, UT 84132, USA. - - 2007
Obstetrical complications such as preeclampsia, fetal growth restriction, and placental abruption are associated with inadequate placental perfusion. Previous studies have shown that the angiotensinogen (AGT) Thr235 mutation is associated with abnormal remodeling of the uterine spiral arteries and occurs at higher frequencies in preeclampsia. This study was done to evaluate ...
Toydemir Reha M - - 2006
Trismus-pseudocamptodactyly syndrome (TPS) is a rare autosomal dominant distal arthrogryposis (DA) characterized by an inability to open the mouth fully (trismus) and an unusual camptodactyly of the fingers that is apparent only upon dorsiflexion of the wrist (i.e., pseudocamptodactyly). TPS is also known as Dutch-Kentucky syndrome because a Dutch founder ...
Roxo-Rosa Mónica - - 2006
The revertant mutations G550E and 4RK [the simultaneous mutation of four arginine-framed tripeptides (AFTs): R29K, R516K, R555K, and R766K] rescue the cell surface expression and function of F508del-cystic fibrosis (CF) transmembrane conductance regulator (-CFTR), the most common CF mutation. Here, we investigate their mechanism of action by using biochemical and ...
Schönleben Frank F Department of Otolaryngology/Head and Neck Surgery, Columbia University, College of Physicians and Surgeons, 1130 St. Nicholas Ave, ICRC 10-04, New York, NY 10032, - - 2007
The Raf/MEK/ERK (MAPK) signal transduction is an important mediator of a number of cellular fates including growth, proliferation, and survival. The BRAF gene is activated by oncogenic RAS, leading to cooperative effects in cells responding to growth factor signals. Our study was performed to elucidate a possible role of BRAF ...
Sluis-Cremer Nicolas - - 2007
The K70E mutation in human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) reverse transcriptase (RT) has become more prevalent in clinical samples, particularly in isolates derived from patients for whom triple-nucleoside regimens that include tenofovir (TNV), abacavir, and lamivudine (3TC) failed. To elucidate the molecular mechanism by which this mutation confers resistance ...
Denier Christian - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To compare clinical features of CCM1, CCM2, and CCM3 mutation carriers. METHODS: A detailed clinical and molecular analysis of 163 consecutive cerebral cavernous malformation (CCM) families was performed. RESULTS: A deleterious mutation was detected in 128 probands. Three hundred thirty-three mutation carriers were identified (238 CCM1, 67 CCM2, and ...
Hughes M - - 2006
A 30-year-old woman was found to have hyperferritinaemia after presenting with menorrhagia and lethargy. Serum iron studies did not confirm iron overload. Further investigations revealed two distinct genetic mutations of iron haemostasis--homozygosity for C282Y mutation of the HFE gene on chromosome 6 and heterozygosity for A40G mutation in the iron ...
Kalyoncu Umut - - 2006
Rubinstein-Taybi syndrome (RTS) is characterized by typical facies, short stature, mental retardation, broad thumbs and broad great toes. The syndrome is at least in part caused by microdeletions at chromosome 16p13.3 or by mutations in the gene for the CREB binding protein (CBP), which is located at 16p13.3. Familial Mediterranean ...
Gozu Hulya Iliksu - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Differences in iodine intake could account for the variable prevalences reported for somatic TSH receptor (TSHR) mutations in toxic thyroid nodules (TTNs). However, this question has not been settled, since no study has yet determined the TSHR mutation prevalence in regions with different iodine supplies in the same population ...
Shide Kotaro - - 2007
A single somatic mutation, V617F, in the pseudokinase domain of the Jak2 is the primary cause of many chronic myeloproliferative diseases. As valine 617 of Jak2 is conserved as valine 678 of Tyk2, we examined the effect of a homologous mutation in Tyk2 (V678F Tyk2) on cell growth. V678F Tyk2 ...
Germeshausen Manuela - - 2007
Point mutations in the gene for the granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) receptor CSF3R have been implicated in the progression of severe congenital neutropenia (CN) to leukemia. In this study we present data on a total of 218 patients with chronic neutropenia, including 148 patients with CN (23/148 with secondary malignancies). ...
Cui Feng - - 2006
Organophosphate/carbamate target resistance has emerged in Culex pipiens L. (Diptera: Culicidae), the vector of Wuchereria bancrofti and West Nile virus (family Flaviviridae, genus Flavivirus) in China. The insensitive acetylcholinesterase was detected in only one of 20 samples collected on a north-to-south transect. According to previous findings, a unique mutation, G119S ...
Hilbert Lysiane - - 2006
Type 2N von Willebrand disease (VWD) is characterized by a markedly decreased affinity of von Willebrand factor (VWF) for factorVIII (FVIII) and is caused by mutations in the D' or D3 domain of mature VWF. We now report a French patient with an atypical 2N VWD phenotype associating FVIII deficiency ...
Huey Edward D ED Cognitive Neuroscience Section, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892-1440, - - 2006
Mutations in the Progranulin gene (PGRN) recently have been discovered to be associated with frontotemporal dementia (FTD) linked to 17q21 without identified MAPT mutations. The range of mutations of PGRN that can result in the FTD phenotype and the clinical presentation of patients with PGRN mutations have yet to be ...
Pyle Angela - - 2007
The 3243A-->G MTTL1 mutation is the most common heteroplasmic mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) mutation associated with disease. Previous studies have shown that the percentage of mutated mtDNA decreases in blood as patients get older, but the mechanisms behind this remain unclear. To understand the dynamics of the process and the underlying ...
McLaughlin M - - 2007
Mutations of the proteolipid protein gene (PLP1) cause Pelizaeus-Merzbacher disease (PMD) and Spastic paraplegia type 2 (SPG2). The rumpshaker mutation is associated with mild forms of PMD or SPG2 in man and the identical mutation occurs in mice, the phenotype depending on genetic background. The mild phenotype in C3H mice ...
Serratrice Jacques - - 2007
An adult patient experienced attacks of severe low back pain and sciatic neuralgia for several years, sometimes associated with myalgias, skin lesions, and high fever. Specific inflammatory laboratory tests were the major abnormalities. P46L mutation in the gene on chromosome 12p13 that encodes tumor necrosis factor receptor superfamily 1A (TNFRSF1A) ...
Schmitz Markus - - 2006
Pseudoachondroplasia and multiple epiphyseal dysplasia are two dominantly inherited chondrodysplasias associated with mutations in cartilage oligomeric matrix protein (COMP). The rarely available patient biopsies show lamellar inclusions in the endoplasmic reticulum. We studied the pathogenesis of these chondrodysplasias by expressing several disease-causing COMP mutations in bovine primary chondrocytes and found ...
Liao Haihui H Epithelial Genetics Group, Human Genetics Unit, Division of Pathology and Neuroscience, University of Dundee, Ninewells Hospital and Medical School, Dundee, - - 2007
Dowling-Degos disease (DDD) is an autosomal-dominant genodermatosis characterized by reticulate pigmentation of the flexures. By direct DNA sequencing, we have identified a frameshift mutation in exon 1 of KRT5 in the proband from an extended Spanish DDD kindred. Cloning of PCR products confirmed that this was a 2-bp deletion mutation, ...
Benjannet Suzanne - - 2006
PCSK9 is the ninth member of the proprotein convertase (PC) family. Some of its natural mutations have been genetically associated with the development of a dominant form of familial hyper- or hypocholesterolemia. The exact mechanism of action of PCSK9 is not clear, although it is known to enhance the intracellular ...
Archer Hayley - - 2007
Rett syndrome (RTT) is an X-linked dominant neurodevelopmental disorder that is usually associated with mutations in the MECP2 gene. The most common mutations in the gene are p.R168X and p.T158M. The influence of X-chromosome inactivation (XCI) on clinical severity in patients with RTT with these mutations was investigated, taking into ...
Tanaka Yasuhito - - 2006
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Hepatitis B virus genotype C (HBV/C) has been classified into two geographically distinct subgenotypes; HBV/C1/Cs (Southeast Asia) and HBV/C2/Ce (East Asia). METHODS: Viral differences in enhancer II/core promoter and precore regions between the subgenotypes and their association with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) were assessed in a matched cross-sectional control study ...
Sicotte N L NL Department of Neurology, Division of Brain Mapping, Interdepartmental Programs, UCLA, USA. - - 2006
Horizontal gaze palsy with progressive scoliosis (HGPPS) is caused by mutations in the ROBO3 gene, critical for the crossing of long ascending medial lemniscal and descending corticospinal tracts in the medulla. Diffusion tensor imaging in a patient with HGGPS revealed the absence of major pontine crossing fiber tracts and no ...
Kim In-Suk - - 2006
A 16-month old boy was referred to our hospital for evaluation of recurrent generalized tonic clonic seizures. Metabolic evaluation revealed significant hyperammonemia (1,112 microg/dl). Amino acid/acylcarnitine screening using tandem mass spectrometry showed markedly increased plasma levels of citrulline (1,350 microM/l) with undetectable levels of arginine and arginosuccinic acid. Urinary excretion ...
Martin Melanie - - 2006
A method based on manipulation of the human cytomegalovirus genome in a bacterial artificial chromosome was developed to determine the role played by 6 UL97 mutations of unknown significance. These mutations were found in blood samples from solid-organ transplant recipients in a trial comparing valganciclovir and oral ganciclovir prophylaxis. Recombinant ...
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >