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Qin Daoming - - 2007
In bacteria, initiation of translation is kinetically controlled by factors IF1, IF2, and IF3, which work in conjunction with the 30S subunit to ensure accurate selection of the initiator tRNA (fMet-tRNA(fMet)) and the start codon. Here, we show that mutations G1338A and A790G of 16S rRNA decrease initiation fidelity in ...
Kalay Ersan - - 2007
Myosin XVA is an unconventional myosin which has been implicated in autosomal recessive nonsyndromic hearing impairment (ARNSHI) in humans. In Myo15A mouse models, vestibular dysfunction accompanies the autosomal recessive hearing loss. Genomewide homozygosity mapping and subsequent fine mapping in two Turkish families with ARNSHI revealed significant linkage to a critical ...
Gonzalez-Santos Juana Maria - - 2008
Mutations in PRPF3, a gene encoding the essential pre-mRNA splicing factor Hprp3p, have been identified in patients with autosomal dominant retinitis pigmentosa type 18 (RP18). Patients with RP18 have one of two single amino acid substitutions, Pro493Ser or Thr494Met, at the highly conserved Hprp3p C-terminal region. Pro493Ser occurs sporadically, whereas ...
McManus C Joel - - 2007
The highly conserved internal stem-loop (ISL) of U6 spliceosomal RNA is unwound for U4/U6 complex formation during spliceosome assembly and reformed upon U4 release during spliceosome activation. The U6 ISL is structurally similar to Domain 5 of group II self-splicing introns, and contains a dynamic bulge that coordinates a Mg++ ...
Dölek Bilgen - - 2007
Inherited gene disorders related to the hemostatic system have been documented as risk factors for thrombosis. The roles of factor V Hong Kong (FV Hong Kong), factor V Leiden (FV Leiden), factor II G20210A (FII G20210A), methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) C677T, and MTHFR A1298C mutations in Turkish patients with thrombosis (270 ...
Rumié H - - 2007
Familial glucocorticoid deficiency (FGD) is a rare inherited disorder which may be caused by mutations in the ACTH receptor (melanocortin 2 receptor, MC2R) named FGD type 1 or by mutations in the MC2R accessory protein (MRAP) named FGD type 2. We report the case history of a male patient from ...
Richieri-Costa Antonio - - 2008
The etiologies and clinical spectra of HPE are extremely heterogeneous. Here, we report a Brazilian boy with lobar holoprosencephaly who was ascertained in a sample of 60 patients with HPE and HPE-like phenotypes and screened for molecular analysis of the major HPE causative genes: SHH, PTCH, SIX3, GLI2, and TGIF. ...
Ichikawa Shoji - - 2007
Familial tumoral calcinosis is characterized by ectopic calcifications and hyperphosphatemia due to inactivating mutations in FGF23 or UDP-N-acetyl-alpha-D-galactosamine:polypeptide N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase 3 (GALNT3). Herein we report a homozygous missense mutation (H193R) in the KLOTHO (KL) gene of a 13-year-old girl who presented with severe tumoral calcinosis with dural and carotid artery calcifications. ...
Hoornaert Kristien P - - 2007
Czech dysplasia metatarsal type is an autosomal-dominant disorder characterized by an early-onset, progressive spondyloarthropathy with normal stature. Shortness of third and/or fourth toes is a frequently observed clinical feature. Similarities between individuals with this dysplasia and patients with an R275C mutation in the COL2A1 gene, prompted us to analyze the ...
De Domenico Ivana - - 2007
The term hemochromatosis represents a group of inherited disorders leading to iron overload. Mutations in HFE, HJV, and TfR2 cause autosomal-recessive forms of hemochromatosis. Mutations in ferroportin, however, result in dominantly inherited iron overload. Some mutations (H32R and N174I) in ferroportin lead to macrophage iron loading, while others (NI44H) lead ...
Chou Sunwen - - 2007
Recombinant phenotyping of cytomegalovirus (CMV) pol region III mutations from clinical specimens showed that T813S and G841A each conferred foscarnet resistance and approximately threefold increased ganciclovir resistance; adding the UL97 mutation C592G increased ganciclovir resistance to approximately sixfold. Bacterial artificial chromosome CMV clones containing pol mutation L845P were nonviable unless ...
Zhang Zhibing - - 2007
The SPAG16 gene encodes two major transcripts, one for the 71-kDa SPAG16L, which is the orthologue of the Chlamydomonas rheinhardtii central apparatus protein PF20, and a smaller transcript, which codes for the 35-kDa SPAG16S nuclear protein that represents the C-terminus (exons 11-16) of SPAG16L. We have previously reported that a ...
Haruna Kunitaka - - 2007
A 37-year-old Japanese male presented to us with persistent asteatotic skin with mild erythema on the trunk and extremities. Skin biopsy from the left knee showed marked epidermal acanthosis and hyperkeratosis, and milder granular degeneration. Ultrastructural analysis revealed clumping of the keratin filaments within suprabasal keratinocytes of the epidermis. Following ...
Lietman Steven A - - 2007
McCune-Albright syndrome (MAS) is characterized by the clinical triad of polyostotic fibrous dysplasia, café-au-lait pigmented skin lesions and endocrinopathy (1,2) The molecular lesion in MAS is a postzygotic mutation in the GNAS gene that leads to activation of Gsalpha, the alpha chain of the heterotrimeric G protein, Gsalpha. Cells that ...
Aizawa Yoshiyasu Y Masonic Medical Research Laboratory, Utica, New York 13501-1787, - - 2007
Long QT Syndrome (LQTS) is an inherited disorder characterized by prolonged QT intervals and life-threatening polymorphic ventricular tachyarrhythmias. LQT1 caused by KCNQ1 mutations is the most common form of LQTS. Patients diagnosed with LQTS were screened for disease-associated mutations in KCNQ1, KCNH2, KCNE1, KCNE2, KCNJ2, and SCN5A. A novel mutation ...
Narkis Ginat - - 2007
Lethal congenital contractural syndrome (LCCS) is a severe form of arthrogryposis. To date, two autosomal recessive forms of the disease (LCCS and LCCS2) have been described and mapped to chromosomes 9q34 and 12q13, respectively. We now describe a third LCCS phenotype (LCCS3)--similar to LCCS2 yet without neurogenic bladder. Using 10K ...
Marrone Anna - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Functional characterization of heterozygous TERC (telomerase RNA component) and TERT (telomerase reverse transcriptase) mutations found in autosomal dominant dyskeratosis congenita (DC) and aplastic anemia (AA) shows that telomerase function is defective and that this is associated with short telomeres. This leads to reduced cell longevity with maximal ...
Kasameyer Elizabeth - - 2008
Loss of tumor suppressor gene expression via mutations plays a critical role in cancer development, particularly when occurring in heterozygous cells. These so-called "second-step" mutational events are often large in size and arise most often from chromosome loss, mitotic recombination, or interstitial deletion. An open question in cancer research is ...
Caron M - - 2007
Lipodystrophic syndromes associated with mutations in LMNA, encoding A-type lamins, and with HIV antiretroviral treatments share several clinical characteristics. Nuclear alterations and prelamin A accumulation have been reported in fibroblasts from patients with LMNA mutations and adipocytes exposed to protease inhibitors (PI). As genetically altered lamin A maturation also results ...
Jayandharan G - - 2007
Combined FV and FVIII deficiency (F5F8D) is a rare (1:1.000.000) autosomal recessive disorder caused by a defect in the LMAN1 or MCFD2 genes, encoding for a FV and FVIII cargo receptor complex. We report the phenotype and genotype analyses in nine unrelated Indian patients with low FV and FVIII coagulant ...
Edouard T - - 2007
Activating and inactivating mutations of SHP-2 are responsible, respectively, for the Noonan (NS) and the LEOPARD (LS) syndromes. Clinically, these developmental disorders overlap greatly, resulting in the apparent paradox of similar diseases caused by mutations that oppositely influence SHP-2 phosphatase activity. While the mechanisms remain unclear, recent functional analysis of ...
Li Jun - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Hereditary neuropathy with liability to pressure palsies (HNPP) is caused by a 1.4-megabase deletion at chromosome 17p11.2, which bears the PMP22 gene and other genes. However, whether other genes besides PMP22 contribute to the phenotype is unknown. Whether any mutation within the coding region of the PMP22 gene ultimately ...
Lotan Danny - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Cystinuria is an autosomal recessive disease that is manifested by kidney stones and is caused by mutations in two genes: SLC3AI on chromosome 2p and SLC7A9 on chromosome 19q. Urinary cystine levels in obligate carriers are often, but not always, helpful in identifying the causative gene. OBJECTIVES: To characterize ...
Mayxay Mayfong - - 2007
Molecular markers provide a rapid and relatively inexpensive approach for assessing antimalarial drug susceptibility. We collected 884 Plasmodium falciparum-infected blood samples from 17 Lao provinces. Each sample was genotyped for 11 codons in the chloroquine resistance transporter (pfcrt), dihydrofolate reductase (pfdhfr), and dihydropteroate synthase (pfdhps) genes. The samples included 227 ...
Novitsky Vlad - - 2007
HIV-1C has become the dominant HIV-1 subtype in the global AIDS epidemic. Historically, the evolution of drug-resistant mutations was characterized primarily among antiretroviral (ARV)-treated HIV-1B infections. Whereas the non-B viruses are susceptible to the currently used ARVs, some differences between HIV-1 subtypes in response to ARV regimens have been reported. ...
Heitzer Ellen - - 2007
Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) shows a wide interpatient variation in lesion accrual. To determine whether certain tumorigenic fingerprints and potentially predisposing patched (PTCH) tumor suppressor single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) are distributed differently among sporadic BCC patients, we compared the PTCH mutation spectra in early-onset BCC (first lesion at age < 35 ...
Petrini Stefania - - 2007
Ullrich congenital muscular dystrophy (UCMD) is clinically characterized by muscle weakness, proximal contractures and distal hyperlaxity and morphologically branded by absence or reduction of collagen VI (ColVI), in muscle and in cultured fibroblasts. The ColVI defect is generally related to COL6 genes mutations, however UCDM patients without COL6 mutations have ...
Nangle Leslie A - - 2007
Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) diseases are the most common heritable peripheral neuropathy. At least 10 different mutant alleles of GARS (the gene for glycyl-tRNA synthetase) have been reported to cause a dominant axonal form of CMT (type 2D). A unifying connection between these mutations and CMT has been unclear. Here, mapping mutations ...
Malyukova Alena - - 2007
Notch signaling is of crucial importance in normal T-cell development and Notch 1 is frequently mutated in T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemias (T-ALL), leading to aberrantly high Notch signaling. In this report, we determine whether T-ALL mutations occur not only in Notch1 but also in the F-box protein hCdc4 (Sel-10, Ago, ...
Whyte Michael P - - 2007
The oldest person (60 yr) with juvenile Paget's disease is homozygous for the TNFRSF11B mutation 966_969delTGACinsCTT. Elevated circulating levels of immunoreactive OPG and soluble RANKL accompany this genetic defect that truncates the OPG monomer, preventing formation of OPG homodimers. INTRODUCTION: Juvenile Paget's disease (JPD), a rare autosomal recessive disorder, features ...
Mroske Cameron - - 2007
Although DOVAM-S (detection of virtually all mutations-SSCP) in effect detects all mutations and is less costly than direct sequencing, the technique currently requires the use of radioactivity. F-DOVAM-S (fluorescent DOVAM-S) was developed to replace the isotopic label with fluorescence and to increase throughput via dye color multiplexing. As proof of ...
Fedele Anthony Olind - - 2007
Mucopolysaccharidosis (MPS) describes any inherited lysosomal storage disorder resulting from an inability to catabolize glycosaminoglycans. MPS III (or Sanfilippo syndrome) is an autosomal recessive disease caused by a failure to degrade heparan sulphate. There are four subtypes of MPS III, each categorized by a deficiency in a specific enzyme involved ...
Davidson Ashley G - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Autosomal recessive hereditary nephropathy (ARHN) in the English Cocker Spaniel is caused by a type IV collagen defect, but the underlying mutation is unknown. ANIMALS: One hundred thirty-four English Cocker Spaniels (12 with ARHN, 8 obligate carriers, and 114 others), 3 mixed breed dogs with X-linked hereditary nephropathy (XLHN), ...
Schorderet Daniel F - - 2007
Congenital nystagmus is an eye movement disorder in which one or both eyes are in constant movement. It can be associated with a number of ocular or neurological diseases, or it can be inherited in an autosomal or X-linked fashion. The latter form is called idiopathic or motor nystagmus (CIN). ...
Carod-Artal F J - - 2007
Mitochondrial neurogastrointestinal encephalomyopathy (MNGIE) is caused by mutations in the thymidine phosphorylase gene (ECGF1). We present the first detailed report of a Brazilian MNGIE patient, harboring a novel ECGF1 homozygous mutation (C4202A, leading to a premature stop codon, S471X). Multiple deletions and the T5814C change were found in mitochondrial DNA. ...
Ziegler Shira G - - 2007
An association between glucocerebrosidase, the enzyme deficient in Gaucher disease, and the synucleinopathies has been suggested both by the development of parkinsonism in Gaucher probands and carriers, as well as by the presence of mutations in the gene for glucocerebrosidase (GBA) in different series of subjects with synucleinopathies. In this ...
Malet Isabelle - - 2007
Sequences from 82 protease inhibitors (PI)-experienced patients were analysed for the presence of previously described in-vitro resistance mutations to PA-457 located in the C-terminal capside (H226Y, L231F, L231M) and in the N-terminal SP1 (A1V, A3T, A3V) within the CA-SP1 boundary domain. Overall, the CA-SP1 cleavage site was highly conserved in ...
Hakonen Anna H - - 2007
We reported previously that the DNA polymerase gamma (POLG) W748S mutation, a common cause of mitochondrial recessive ataxia syndrome (MIRAS), has a common ancient founder for all the disease chromosomes in Finland, Norway, United Kingdom, and Belgium. Here, we present results showing that the same ancestral chromosome underlies MIRAS and ...
Bausch Birke - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) is a pheochromocytoma-associated syndrome. Because of the low prevalence of pheochromocytoma in NF1, we ascertained subjects by pheochromocytoma that also had NF1 in the hope of describing the germline NF1 mutational spectra of NF1-related pheochromocytoma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An international registry for NF1-pheochromocytomas was established. ...
Afenjar Alexandra - - 2007
Hyperprolinemia type I (HPI) results from a deficiency of proline oxidase (POX), involved in the first step in the conversion of proline to glutamate. Diverse phenotypes were described in patients with HPI, prior to the identification of the POX gene (PRODH): whereas various patients were asymptomatic, others had neurological and ...
Ruf Nico - - 2007
The human phenotype with primarily impaired myelination is represented by hypomyelinating leukodystrophies. The most frequent form is Pelizaeus-Merzbacher disease, which is due to alterations in the PLP1 gene encoding the major myelin protein. Another form, Pelizaeus-Merzbacher-like disease, is partly associated with mutations in the GJA12 gene encoding gap junction protein ...
Malfait Fransiska - - 2007
Mutations in the COL1A1 and COL1A2 genes, encoding the proalpha1 and 2 chains of type I collagen, cause osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) or Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (EDS) arthrochalasis type. Although the majority of missense mutations in the collagen type I triple helix affect glycine residues in the Gly-Xaa-Yaa repeat, few nonglycine substitutions ...
Illarioshkin S N - - 2007
A PARK8 form of Parkinson's disease (PD) is caused by a novel gene, leucine-rich repeat kinase 2 (LRRK2), and a single mutation G2019S was found in a proportion of LRRK2-associated cases of diverse ethnic origins. We performed the LRRK2 G2019S mutation analysis in 304 Russian patients with PD, including 291 ...
Evans D G R - - 2007
Early onset of vestibular schwannoma (VS) is associated with the inherited condition neurofibromatosis type 2 (NF2). However, the majority of NF2 presents bilaterally and the proportion of early-onset apparent sporadic unilateral VS because of NF2 remains to be determined. We have determined the risk by studying NF2 risk in a ...
Goh Denise L M - - 2007
We report a novel mutation detected in a 33 year old Chinese man with congenital bilateral absence of the vas deferens (CBAVD), a past history of pulmonary meliodosis infection and a past history of bronchiolitis obliterans organising pneumonia. A novel splice site mutation in intron 6b (1001+5 G-->A) in the ...
Hawkins Vivian N - - 2007
Plasmodium vivax is a serious health concern in many regions and is sometimes inadvertently treated with sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine (SP). Mutations in the genes that encode dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR) and dihydropteroate synthase (DHPS) confer resistance to pyrimethamine and sulfadoxine, respectively. Numerous studies have examined the prevalence and diversity of mutations in P. ...
Shy M E - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To investigate possible genotype-phenotype correlations and to evaluate the natural history of patients with Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 1X (CMT1X). BACKGROUND: CMT1X is caused by over 260 distinct mutations in the gap junction beta 1 (GJB1) gene, located on the X chromosome, which encodes the gap junction protein connexin 32 ...
Greiner Timothy C - - 2007
Although denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) is a highly effective technique for screening for TP53 mutations, the use of denaturing high performance liquid chromatography (DHPLC) is a growing methodology. This report describes a comparison between DHPLC and DGGE in the detection of TP53 mutations in hematopoietic cell lines and lymphomas. ...
Walker Amanda R - - 2007
Most of the thousands of grapevine cultivars (Vitis vinifera L.) can be divided into two groups, red and white, based on the presence or absence of anthocyanin in the berry skin, which has been found from genetic experiments to be controlled by a single locus. A regulatory gene, VvMYBA1, which ...
Vyletal Petr - - 2007
Homozygosity or compound heterozygosity for the c.833T>C transition (p.I278 T) in the cystathionine beta-synthase (CBS) gene represents the most common cause of pyridoxine-responsive homocystinuria in Western Eurasians. However, the frequency of the pathogenic c.833C allele, as observed in healthy newborns from several European countries (q(c.833C) approximately equals 3.3 x 10(-3)), ...
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