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Wellinger Raymund J - - 2012
The mechanisms that maintain the stability of chromosome ends have broad impact on genome integrity in all eukaryotes. Budding yeast is a premier organism for telomere studies. Many fundamental concepts of telomere and telomerase function were first established in yeast and then extended to other organisms. We present a comprehensive ...
Bach Ingolf - - 2012
One of the two X chromosomes in cells of female mammals is transcriptionally silenced in a process known as X chromosome inactivation (XCI). Initiation of XCI is regulated by the ubiquitin ligase Rnf12/RLIM, but the mechanisms by which Rnf12/RLIM mediates this process has been a mystery. A recent study by ...
Huang Yu-Hsiu - - 2012
Recessive congenital methemoglobinemia (RCM) is a very rare disorder caused by NADH-cytochrome b5 reductase (cb5r) deficiency. Two distinct clinical forms, types I and II, caused by cb5r deficiency have been recognized. In type I, the enzyme deficiency is restricted only to erythrocytes with cyanosis being the only major symptom. In ...
Alenzi Faris Q FQ College of Applied Medical Sciences, Salman bin Abdulaziz University, Al-Kharj, Saudi Arabia. - - 2012
The cyto-genetic hallmark of chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML), the Philadelphia chromosome (Ph), is the first consistent chromosomal abnormality that has been associated to a certain cancer type. In CML, Philadelphia chromosome is present leading to resistance to cell death and rapid proliferation. The aim of this study is to evaluate ...
Kominato Satoru - - 2012
Mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma arising in the thymus is a rare disorder that shows a strong association with autoimmune disease. Several MALT-lymphoma-specific and -associated chromosomal abnormalities, including t(11;18), t(14;18), t(1;14), trisomy 3 and trisomy 18, are known to occur. The former translocation results in apoptosis inhibitor 2 gene (API2)-MALT ...
Kuo Sung-Hsin - - 2011
Although t(11;18)(q21;q21), t(1;14)(p22;q32), and a few other genetic mutations are specific markers for the Helicobacter pylori (HP)-independent status of gastric mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma, the molecular mechanisms responsible for HP-independence of gastric MALT lymphoma without such translocations and mutations remain uncharacterized. In the present study, we describe the establishment ...
Yu Zhongxin - - 2011
Esophageal giant fibrovascular polyps are rare and are thought to represent redundant tumorlike or hamartomatous esophageal folds. Although most patients present with slowly evolving dysphagia, a minority present with acute respiratory distress or even death caused by asphyxia. We present the pathologic and cytogenetic findings of an 18-cm esophageal giant ...
Rosebeck Shaun S Department of Pediatrics and Communicable Diseases, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, - - 2011
The advent of molecular cytogenetics has led to the elucidation of genetic abnormalities that cause various congenital and oncological disorders. In B cell lymphoma, for example, a number of chromosomal translocations have been identified in and associated with the etiology of specific subtypes of lymphoma. Several recurrent chromosomal translocations have ...
Solomon Benjamin D - - 2011
Tracheo-esophageal fistula (TEF) with/or without esophageal atresia (EA) is a common congenital malformation that is often accompanied by other anomalies. The causes of this condition are thought to be heterogeneous but are overall not well understood. We identified a patient with a TEF/EA, as well as cardiac and genitourinary anomalies, ...
El-Dahtory Faeza Abdel Mogib - - 2011
In 4%-8% of couples with recurrent abortion, at least one of the partners has chromosomal abnormality. Most spontaneous miscarriages which happen in the first and second trimesters are caused by chromosomal abnormalities. These chromosomal abnormalities may be either numerical or structural. Cytogenetic study was done for 73 Egyptian couples who ...
Tanaka Hiroaki - - 2011
Double-hit lymphoma (DHL) is a rare and extremely unfavorable type of lymphoma with concurrent chromosomal translocations of BCL2 and MYC. It is considered that BCL2 translocation precedes MYC events in lymphomagenesis of DHL. In fact, most cases of DHL arise de novo or following FL. We describe a very rare ...
Del Fabro Anna - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the gender ratio and incidence of chromosomal anomalies in the products of conception (POC) from recurrent miscarriages. We determined the karyotypes of POC from patients with recurrent spontaneous miscarriages between 1999 and 2009. In total, 313 specimens were successfully karyotyped, with a ...
Clement Cecilia G - - 2011
Lymphoma is the most frequent malignant tumor of the ocular adnexa with the most common histologic type being extranodal marginal zone B-cell lymphoma (EMZL) of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT lymphoma). Here we report a case of a 28 year-old male who presented with a left conjunctival mass of one year ...
Duhoux Francois P - - 2011
Fluorescence in situ hybridization was performed to characterize 81 cases of myeloid and lymphoid malignancies with cytogenetic 1p36 alterations not affecting the PRDM16 locus. In total, three subgroups were identified: balanced translocations (N = 27) and telomeric rearrangements (N = 15), both mainly observed in myeloid disorders; and unbalanced non-telomeric rearrangements (N = 39), mainly observed ...
Cox Brian J - - 2010
Mutational screens are an effective means used in the functional annotation of a genome. We present a method for a mutational screen of the mouse X chromosome using gene trap technologies. This method has the potential to screen all of the genes on the X chromosome without establishing mutant animals, ...
Rutsch Frank - - 2011
To date, only very few genetic disorders due to defects in lysosomal membrane transport are known. This paper reviews the identification of the underlying molecular defect causing an intriguing inborn error of vitamin B(12) metabolism, namely, defective lysosomal release of vitamin B(12) (cblF defect). Using microcell-mediated chromosome transfer of wild-type ...
Kaiser Vera B - - 2010
Since its formation about 1.75 million years ago, the Drosophila miranda neo-Y chromosome has undergone a rapid process of degeneration, having lost approximately half of the genes that it originally contained. Using estimates of mutation rates and selection coefficients for loss-of-function mutations, we show that the high rate of accumulation ...
Guettsches Anne-Katrin - - 2010
Adrenoleukodystrophy (ALD) and adrenomyeloneuropathy (AMN) are allelic X-chromosomal disorders of peroxisomal lipid metabolism due to mutations of the ABCD1-gene, leading, respectively, to leukoencephalopathy or myeloneuropathy in male patients. We report a family with two symptomatic carriers in subsequent generations who both suffer from symptoms of an AMN. In both patients, ...
Nesbit M Andrew MA Academic Endocrine Unit, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Oxford, Churchill Hospital, Headington, Oxford OX3 7LJ, United - - 2010
Familial hypocalciuric hypercalcemia (FHH) is a genetically heterogenous disorder that consists of three defined types, FHH1, FHH2, and FHH3 whose chromosomal locations are 3q21.1, 19p, and 19q13, respectively. FHH1, caused by mutations of the calcium-sensing receptor (CASR), occurs in more than 65% of patients, whereas the abnormalities underlying FHH2 and ...
Polityko Anna - - 2010
ICF syndrome (standing for Immunodeficiency, Centromere instability and Facial anomalies syndrome) is a very rare autosomal recessive immune disorder caused by mutations of the gene de novo DNA-methyltransferase 3B (DNMT3B). However, in the literature similar clinical cases without such mutations are reported, as well. We report on a family in ...
Wang Jingmin - - 2010
Pelizaeus-Merzbacher-like disease (PMLD) is a hypomyelinating disorder of the central nervous system caused by mutation in the gap junction protein alpha 12 (GJA12) gene. Uniparental disomy (UPD) is defined as the presence of a chromosome pair, in a diploid individual, that derives from only one parent. Here, we analyzed GJA12 ...
Rutsch Frank - - 2009
Vitamin B(12) (cobalamin) is essential in animals for metabolism of branched chain amino acids and odd chain fatty acids, and for remethylation of homocysteine to methionine. In the cblF inborn error of vitamin B(12) metabolism, free vitamin accumulates in lysosomes, thus hindering its conversion to cofactors. Using homozygosity mapping in ...
Jenkins Zandra A - - 2009
Abnormalities in WNT signaling are implicated in a broad range of developmental anomalies and also in tumorigenesis. Here we demonstrate that germline mutations in WTX (FAM123B), a gene that encodes a repressor of canonical WNT signaling, cause an X-linked sclerosing bone dysplasia, osteopathia striata congenita with cranial sclerosis (OSCS; MIM300373). ...
Chen Yan - - 2009
Autosomal dominant nocturnal frontal lobe epilepsy (ADNFLE) is known to be partly caused by mutations in the transmembrane domain (TM) 1-3 of the genes of the neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) alpha4-subunit (CHRNA4), beta2-subunit (CHRNB2) and alpha2-subunit (CHRNA2). The more common cases of sporadic nocturnal frontal lobe epilepsy (NFLE) that ...
Baker Steven K - - 2008
Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT) is among the most common inherited disorders of the peripheral nervous system, and it is broadly categorized as demyelinating type 1 or axonal type 2 based on nerve conduction studies. Mutations in discrete genes usually segregate into a single phenotype. However, mutations in connexin 32 (Cx32) can ...
Dicker F - - 2009
The poor prognosis of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) patients with del (17p) is well established. We analyzed whether mutation of TP53 on the remaining allele adds to the poor prognosis or whether even TP53 mutation alone may be an adverse prognostic factor. We analyzed TP53 mutations in 193 CLL patients ...
Tatsumi Kenji - - 2008
Previously, the smart amplification process version 2 (SMAP-2) was developed to detect mutations from tissue and in crude cell lysates and has been used for rapid diagnosis of specific somatic mutations with single-nucleotide precision. The purpose of this study was to develop a rapid and practical method to detect cancer ...
Kim Hyung-Goo - - 2008
CHARGE syndrome and Kallmann syndrome (KS) are two distinct developmental disorders sharing overlapping features of impaired olfaction and hypogonadism. KS is a genetically heterogeneous disorder consisting of idiopathic hypogonadotropic hypogonadism (IHH) and anosmia, and is most commonly due to KAL1 or FGFR1 mutations. CHARGE syndrome, a multisystem autosomal-dominant disorder, is ...
Kishikawa Hiroko - - 2008
Missense heterozygous mutations in the coding region of angiogenin (ANG) gene, encoding a 14 kDa angiogenic RNase, were recently found in patients of amyotropic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Functional analyses have shown that these are loss-of-function mutations, implying that angiogenin deficiency is associated with ALS pathogenesis and that increasing ANG expression ...
Patterson Edward E - - 2008
Labrador retrievers are the most common dog breed in the world, with over 200,000 new kennel club registrations per year. The syndrome of exercise-induced collapse (EIC) in this breed is manifested by muscle weakness, incoordination and life-threatening collapse after intense exercise. Using a genome-wide microsatellite marker scan for linkage in ...
Engelstädter Jan - - 2008
A typical pattern in sex chromosome evolution is that Y chromosomes are small and have lost many of their genes. One mechanism that might explain the degeneration of Y chromosomes is Muller's ratchet, the perpetual stochastic loss of linkage groups carrying the fewest number of deleterious mutations. This process has ...
Marcelis Carlo L M - - 2008
Feingold syndrome (FS) is the most frequent cause of familial syndromic gastrointestinal atresia and follows autosomal dominant inheritance. FS is caused by germline mutations in or deletions of the MYCN gene. Previously, 12 different heterozygous MYCN mutations and two deletions containing multiple genes including MYCN were described. All these mutations ...
Carlson Anders L - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To discuss a case of hyperparathyroidism-jaw tumor syndrome (HPT-JT) and its clinical course, as well as describe a new mutation within HRPT2, the gene associated with HPT-JT. METHODS: We describe the clinical course, laboratory data, and diagnostic imaging of a patient with HPT-JT, including the mutation analysis of the ...
García-Vargas Alejandro - - 2008
A 5-year-old Mexican girl had a bilateral, systematized epidermal nevus of a non-epidermolytic, non-organoid type covering large parts of her body with the exception of the scalp. Clinically, this nevus was of a soft, velvety type showing affinity to the large body folds. Histopathological examination revealed orthohyperkeratosis and papillomatosis without ...
Flores-Martínez S E - - 2008
The analysis of polymorphic markers within or closely linked to the cystic fibrosis transmembrane regulator (CFTR) gene is useful as a molecular tool for carrier detection of known and unknown mutations. To establish the association between mutations in the CFTR gene in western Mexican cystic fibrosis (CF) patients, the distribution ...
Khetyar Maher - - 2008
Mutations in the gene encoding the TFAP2B transcription factor can cause Char syndrome with cardiac, craniofacial, and hand abnormalities. However, TFAP2B mutations result in great phenotypic variability, which is believed to reflect different expression patterns of tissue-specific TFAP2 coactivators. We investigated a consanguineous family with isolated patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) ...
Tonna Stephen - - 2008
Thin-basement-membrane nephropathy (TBMN) is characterized by persistent dysmorphic hematuria, and the presence of proteinuria is a risk factor for renal impairment. TBMN is often due to mutations in the COL4A3 and COL4A4 genes, and this study determined whether additional mutations in genes encoding other structures in the glomerular filtration barrier ...
Beynon Vanessa - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The functional link between mutations in NOD2 and Crohn's disease (CD) has not been entirely elucidated. The 1007fs mutation results in loss of NF-kappaB activation in response to muramyl dipeptide (MDP) but has also been linked to an increased IL-1beta processing and IL-12 release. METHODS: We investigated the basal ...
Wroe Richard R Department of Neuroscience, MRC Centre for Neurodegeneration Research, King's College London, Institute of Psychiatry, London, - - 2008
More than 100 point mutations spanning the 153 amino acid SOD1 sequence have been identified in individuals with ALS. In 1999 the Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis Database (ALSOD) was generated to store these mutations along with ALS patient information to facilitate the identification of a correlation between the SOD1 genotype with ...
Sander C S - - 2008
Restrictive dermopathy (RD) is a severe neonatal inherited skin syndrome of which children die shortly after birth. Clinical features include intrauterine growth retardation, taut translucent and easily eroded skin, multiple joint ankylosis and distinct facial features. RD is usually caused by homozygous or compound heterozygous mutations in ZMPSTE24, predicted to ...
Kamoun-Goldrat Agnès - - 2008
Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is basically divided into four clinical types, I-IV. Type IV clearly represents a heterogeneous group of disorders. Here we describe two OI patients in the same family. They would typically be classified as having type IV, but are distinguishable from other OI type IV patients by the ...
Pardo Viviane - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Thyroglobulin (Tg) is a large glycoprotein that is intimately involved in the biosynthesis of thyroxine and triiodothyronine. At least 38 mutations have been described in the Tg gene that are associated with varying degrees of hypothyroidism. We studied the Tg gene in four related subjects with congenital hypothyroidism. SUMMARY: ...
Cross Eric W - - 2008
Mutations in the RNA interference (RNAi) genes aubergine (aub), homeless and piwi were tested for effects on the frequency, distribution and coincidence of meiotic crossovers in the long arm of the X chromosome. Some increases in crossover frequency were seen in these tests, but they may have been due to ...
Smith Cristina A - - 2008
JAK2 is a tyrosine kinase involved in cytokine signaling. The JAK2V617F point mutation, first described in 2005, results in constitutive activation of JAK2 and is now widely used as a diagnostic marker for Philadelphia chromosome negative myeloproliferative neoplasms. In recent years, more novel JAK2 mutations and fusion genes have been ...
Martomo Stella A - - 2008
DNA polymerase theta has been implicated in the process of somatic hypermutation in immunoglobulin variable genes based on several reports of alterations in the frequency and spectra of mutations from Polq(-/-) mice. However, these studies have contrasting results on mutation frequencies and the types of nucleotide substitutions, which question the ...
Nyström A-M - - 2008
Noonan syndrome (NS) and cardio-facio-cutaneous syndrome (CFC) are related disorders associated with disrupted RAS/RAF/MEK/ERK signalling. NS, characterised by facial dysmorphism, congenital heart defects and short stature, is caused by mutations in the genes PTPN11, SOS1, KRAS and RAF1. CFC is distinguished from NS by the presence of ectodermal abnormalities and ...
Merello Elisa - - 2008
Schizencephaly (SCH) is a rare disorder of cerebral cortical development, characterized by full thickness clefts spanning the wall of the cerebral hemispheres that are lined and surrounded by polymicrogyric cortex. Based on pathological analysis, SCH was originally considered to have multiple causes including infectious and vascular injuries, and toxic agents. ...
Stahl Sonja - - 2008
Cerebral cavernous malformations (CCM) are prevalent cerebrovascular lesions predisposing to chronic headaches, epilepsy, and hemorrhagic stroke. Using a combination of direct sequencing and MLPA analyses, we identified 15 novel and eight previously published CCM1 (KRIT1), CCM2, and CCM3 (PDCD10) mutations. The mutation detection rate was >90% for familial cases and ...
Delaugerre C - - 2008
Tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) has become an important component of HIV combination therapy because of its potency and once-daily dosing. Key mutation associated with resistance to TDF is a K65R in the reverse transcriptase (RT) gene. According to occurrence of K70E mutation after failure to TDF regimen, this mutation was ...
Gozu Hulya Iliksu - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Up to date, three thyroid-stimulating hormone receptor (TSHR) germline variants have been reported for which no functional consequences have been detected by in vitro characterizations. However, familial nonautoimmune hyperthyroidism and hot nodules are clearly associated with constitutively activating TSHR germline mutations. We describe a family with a new TSHR ...
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