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Basmaci Romain R INSERM, IAME, UMR 1137, F-75018 Paris, France Univ Paris Diderot, Sorbonne Paris Cité, IAME, UMR 1137, F-75018 Paris, France AP-HP, Laboratoire de Microbiologie, Hôpital Robert-Debré, F-75019 Paris, - - 2014
Kingella kingae is the major pathogen causing osteoarticular infections (OAI) in young children in numerous countries (1-4).…
Ward Katherine N KN Division of Infection & Immunity, University College London, London, - - 2014
This review evaluates publications on human herpesvirus 6 (HHV-6) encephalitis recognizing firstly that HHV-6A and HHV-6B are separate species with differing properties, and secondly the phenomenon of chromosomal integration; this occurs in a minority of persons and the complete viral genome of either HHV-6A or HHV-6B is present in every ...
Rex Friederike F Julius Kühn Institute (JKI), Federal Research Centre for Cultivated Plants, Institute for Grapevine Breeding Geilweilerhof, 76833, Siebeldingen, - - 2014
In the grapevine cultivar 'Börner' QTLs for black rot resistance were detected consistently in several independent experiments. For one QTL on chromosome 14 closely linked markers were developed and a detailed map provided. Black rot is a serious grapevine disease that causes substantial yield loss under unfavourable conditions. All traditional ...
Streit Adrian A Department of Evolutionary Biology,Max Planck Institute for Developmental Biology,Spemannstrasse 35, D-72076 - - 2014
SUMMARY Parasitic lifestyles evolved many times independently. Just within the phylum Nematoda animal parasitism must have arisen at least four times. Switching to a parasitic lifestyle is expected to lead to changes in various life history traits including reproductive strategies. Parasitic nematode worms of the genus Strongyloides represent an interesting ...
Strenger Volker V Department of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, Medical University of Graz, Graz, - - 2014
After inheritance of chromosomally integrated HHV-6 (ciHHV-6), viral DNA is found in every nucleated cell. The prevalence of ciHHV-6 is estimated to be 0.2 to 5% of humans. There are conflicting data on the potential of replication possibly leading to clinical implications. We analysed peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from ...
Ziems L A LA Queensland Alliance for Agriculture and Food Innovation, The University of Queensland, St Lucia, QLD, 4072, Australia, - - 2014
"To find stable resistance using association mapping tools, QTL with major and minor effects on leaf rust reactions were identified in barley breeding lines by assessing seedlings and adult plants." Three hundred and sixty (360) elite barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) breeding lines from the Northern Region Barley Breeding Program in ...
Boddicker Nicholas J - - 2014
Host genetics has been shown to play a role in porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS), which is the most economically important disease in the swine industry. A region on Sus scrofa chromosome (SSC) 4 has been previously reported to have a strong association with serum viremia and weight gain ...
Pattaradilokrat S S 1] Laboratory of Malaria and Vector Research, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), National Institutes of Health (NIH), Bethesda, MD, USA [2] Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, - - 2014
Both host and parasite factors contribute to disease severity of malaria infection; however, the molecular mechanisms responsible for the disease and the host-parasite interactions involved remain largely unresolved. To investigate the effects of parasite factors on host immune responses and pathogenesis, we measured levels of plasma cytokines/chemokines (CCs) and growth ...
Lind Mårten M Department of Forest Mycology and Plant Pathology, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, - - 2014
A consensus linkage map of Picea abies, an economically important conifer, was constructed based on the segregation of 686 SNP markers in a F1 progeny population consisting of 247 individuals. The total length of 1889.2 cM covered 96.5% of the estimated genome length and comprised 12 large linkage groups, corresponding ...
Oikawa Junko J Department of Pediatrics, Chiba University School of Medicine, Chiba, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2013
Human herpesvirus 6 (HHV-6) is the only virus known to integrate into human chromosomes and be transmitted from parents to offspring. Less than 1% of the population carries integrated HHV-6 in their genomes. Here, we report the case of a 9-year-old Japanese girl with an extraordinarily high copy number of ...
Huang Q - - 2013
Nosema is a microsporidian parasite of the honeybee, which infects the epithelial cells of the gut. In Denmark, honeybee colonies have been selectively bred for the absence of Nosema over decades, resulting in a breeding line that is tolerant toward Nosema infections. As the tolerance toward the Nosema infection is ...
Kojic Milorad - - 2013
A central feature of meiosis is the pairing and recombination of homologous chromosomes. Ustilago maydis, a biotrophic fungus that parasitizes maize, has long been utilized as an experimental system for studying recombination, but it has not been clear when in the life cycle meiotic recombination initiates. U. maydis forms dormant ...
Sambucetti Pablo - - 2013
In insects, pre-adult stages of the life cycle are exposed to variation in temperature that may differ from that in adults. However, the genetic basis for adaptation to environmental temperature could be similar between the pre-adult and the adult stages of the life cycle. Here, we tested quantitative trait loci ...
Shusterman A - - 2013
Host susceptibility to periodontal infection is controlled by genetic factors. As a step toward identifying and cloning these factors, we generated an A/J x BALB/cJ F2 mouse resource population. A genome-wide search for Quantitative Trait Loci (QTL) associated with periodontitis was performed. We aimed to quantify the phenotypic response of ...
Marshall K - - 2012
A genome-wide scan was performed to detect quantitative trait loci (QTL) for resistance to the gastrointestinal nematode Haemonchus contortus in a double backcross population of Red Maasai and Dorper sheep. The mapping population comprised six sire families, with 1026 lambs in total. The lambs were artificially challenged with H. contortus at ...
Nicholson Joshua M - - 2012
Comment on: Lv L, et al. Cell Cycle 2012; 11:2864-75.
Ngamskulrungroj Popchai - - 2012
Cryptococcus neoformans, an opportunistic fungal pathogen, manifests an intrinsic adaptive mechanism of resistance toward fluconazole (FLC) termed heteroresistance. Heteroresistance is characterized by the emergence of minor resistant subpopulations at levels of FLC that are higher than the strain's minimum inhibitory concentration. The heteroresistant clones that tolerate high concentrations of FLC ...
Hessel Ellen V S - - 2012
Purpose:  Febrile seizures (FS) are the most common seizure type in children between the age of 6 months and 5 years. Although FS are largely benign, recurrent FS are a major risk factor for developing temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) later in life. The mechanisms underlying FS are largely unknown; however, family and ...
Cheng Z-H - - 2012
Garlic (Allium sativum) is propagated asexually. Since sexual cross breeding is almost impossible, means for effective breeding are not currently available and the available production cultivars are seriously aged and degenerated. A possible alternative for breeding is chemical induction. Trifluralin, a type of herbicide, has been reported to provoke chromosome ...
Salnikova Lyubov - - 2012
ABSTRACT: With the aim of developing genetic tests for elevated and reduced radiation sensitivity, the authors studied the correlations between various genotypes and frequencies of spontaneous and radiation-induced chromosome aberrations in human lymphocytes. Cytogenetic analysis and genotyping (19 sites of detoxification and DNA repair genes) were carried out for a ...
Inglot Paulina - - 2012
Although cadmium is a well-established human carcinogen, the mechanisms by which it induces cancer are poorly understood. It is suggested that cadmium-mediated carcinogenesis may include the modulation of gene expression and signal-transduction pathways, interference with antioxidant enzymes, inhibition of DNA repair and DNA methylation, and induction of apoptosis. Nevertheless, no ...
Itoh Satoru - - 2012
The liver micronucleus test is an important method to detect pro-mutagens such as active metabolites not reaching bone marrow due to their short lifespan. We have already reported that dosing of the test compound after partial hepatectomy (PH) is essential to detect genotoxicity of numerical chromosome aberration inducers in mice ...
Ramsey K Wong - - 2012
Monozygotic twins with discordant karyotypes are rare. We report a case of monozygotic twins discordant for trisomy 13 by amniocyte karyotypes. Ultrasound revealed multiple congenital anomalies in Twin A (47,XY,+13), none in Twin B (46,XY), and monochorionic-diamniotic placentation. Zygosity testing performed both prenatally and after birth supported monozygosity. Twin A ...
Salas C - - 2012
Advances in cancer treatment have led to an increase in patient survival. However, exposure to genotoxic chemotherapeutic agents and ionizing radiation may induce persistent genetic damage in cancer survivors. In this study, we detected genomic instability in chromosomes of peripheral blood lymphocytes from Hodgkin lymphoma patients, 2-17 years after MOPP ...
Evdokimova Viktoria - - 2012
Ionizing radiation (IR) exposure increases the risk of thyroid cancer and other cancer types. Chromosomal rearrangements, such as RET/PTC, are characteristic features of radiation-associated thyroid cancer and can be induced by radiation in vitro. IR causes double strand breaks (DSB), suggesting that such damage leads to RET/PTC, but the rearrangement ...
Nair Nikhil U - - 2012
MIRAGE is a unique in vivo genome editing technique that exploits the inherent instability of inverted repeats (palindromes) in the Saccharomyces cerevisiae chromosome. As a technique able to quickly create deletions as well as precise point mutations, it is valuable in applications that require creation of designer strains of this ...
González-González Cristina - - 2011
Background: Blepharophimosis, ptosis and epicanthus inversus syndrome (BPES) is a rare autosomal dominant congenital disorder. Mutations in FOXL2, a gene located at 3q23, have been shown to cause the syndrome. We report a girl with BPES with a "de novo" apparently balanced translocation between chromosomes 3 and 15: t(3;15)(q23;q25). Material ...
Caponio Irene - - 2011
This is the first report on chromosome numbers and the reproductive behaviour in Stenodrepanum Harms, a rare endemic and monotypic legume genus from the arid and salty areas of central-western Argentina. Sixty individuals belonging to two populations from two salty areas ("salinas") were surveyed and included mostly triploid (2n = ...
Nishio Jun - - 2011
Non-retroperitoneal dedifferentiated liposarcoma (DDLS) is relatively uncommon and its characterization at the molecular genetic level has been limited. We describe the cyto-genetic and molecular cytogenetic findings of giant DDLS arising in the right thigh of an 83-year-old woman. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a mass composed of two components with heterogeneous ...
Chen Chih-Ping - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To present the prenatal diagnosis and molecular investigation of the parental origin and mechanism of nondisjunction underlying an 48,XXY,+18 karyotype in a fetus with congenital abnormalities, and to review the literature. MATERIALS, METHODS, AND RESULTS: A 42-year-old woman was referred for amniocentesis at 18 weeks of gestation because of ...
Ruiz-Herrera A - - 2012
This review summarizes aspects of the extensive literature on the patterns and processes underpinning chromosomal evolution in vertebrates and especially placental mammals. It highlights the growing synergy between molecular cytogenetics and comparative genomics, particularly with respect to fully or partially sequenced genomes, and provides novel insights into changes in chromosome ...
Giorda Roberto - - 2011
Rare intrachromosomal triplications producing partial tetrasomies have been reported for a number of chromosomes. A detailed molecular characterization, necessary to define the mechanism of their formation, has so far been lacking. We report on the detailed clinical, cytogenetic, and molecular characterization of two triplications, one de novo involving chromosome 18q, ...
Zhu Xiaobiao - - 2011
Wheat yellow mosaic (WYM) caused by wheat yellow mosaic bymovirus (WYMV) has been growing as one of the most serious diseases affecting wheat production in China. In this study, the association of quantitative trait loci (QTLs) governing WYMV resistance with molecular markers was established using 164 recombinant inbred lines (RILs) ...
Voutsadakis Ioannis A - - 2011
Abstract Chromosome 5q deletion is a chromosomal abnormality that is observed in a sub-set of myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS). When isolated, this abnormality defines a specific clinical syndrome termed MDS associated with isolated deletion 5q, presenting with macrocytic anemia, normal platelet count or slight thrombocytosis, hypolobated megakaryocytes and less than 5% ...
Nagoshi Hisao - - 2011
Myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) is a heterogeneous group of clonal hematological disorders characterized by ineffective hematopoiesis which causes peripheral cytopenias and a risk of progression to acute myeloid leukemia. Although various forms of chromosomal abnormalities have been detected in approximately 50-60% of patients with de novo MDS and in up to ...
Sobreira Nara L M - - 2011
Translocations are a common class of chromosomal aberrations and can cause disease by physically disrupting genes or altering their regulatory environment. Some translocations, apparently balanced at the microscopic level, include deletions, duplications, insertions, or inversions at the molecular level. Traditionally, chromosomal rearrangements have been investigated with a conventional banded karyotype ...
Martín-Subero Jose Ignacio - - 2011
After sequencing the human genome, it has become clear that genetic information alone is not sufficient to understand phenotypic manifestations. The way the DNA code is translated into function depends not only on its sequence but also on the interaction with environmental factors. It is in this intersection where the ...
Lei Mengping - - 2011
A stable, highly fertile wheat Secale africanum substitution line LF24, derived from the F7 generation of a cross between Mianyang11 (MY11) and Triticum durum, S. africanum amphiploid (YF) was identified through molecular cytogenetic analysis. Application of C-banding, in situ hybridization and molecular markers analysis showed that LF24 was a wheat ...
Bonaglia Maria Clara - - 2011
In this study, we used deletions at 22q13, which represent a substantial source of human pathology (Phelan/McDermid syndrome), as a model for investigating the molecular mechanisms of terminal deletions that are currently poorly understood. We characterized at the molecular level the genomic rearrangement in 44 unrelated patients with 22q13 monosomy ...
Maldonado María - - 2011
Spindle checkpoint silencing is crucial for cell-cycle progression, but mechanisms underlying this process remain mysterious. Two papers, one in this issue of Developmental Cell (Meadows et al., 2011) and one in Current Biology (Rosenberg et al., 2011), begin to show how phosphatase PP1-gamma connects chromosome-microtubule attachment with anaphase entry.
Golczyk H - - 2011
Fluorescence in situ hybridization, base-specific fluorescence, C-banding and silver-staining were performed to reveal the cyto-molecular constitution of the karyotype in the bivalent-forming Rhoeo spathacea concolor. It was shown that the genome of this form is almost identical to the β-complex of the ring-forming rhoeos. In spite of some modifications in ...
Tsilo Toi J - - 2011
Wheat end product quality is determined by a complex group of traits including dough viscoelastic characteristics and bread-making properties. Quantitative trait loci (QTL) mapping and analysis were conducted for endosperm texture, dough-mixing strength, and bread-making properties in a population of 139 (MN99394 × MN98550) recombinant inbred lines that were evaluated ...
Balgobind B V - - 2011
Translocations involving the mixed-lineage leukemia (MLL) gene, localized at 11q23, comprise 15 to 20% of all pediatric acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cases. This review summarizes current knowledge about the etiology, biology, clinical characteristics and differences in outcome in MLL-rearranged pediatric AML. Furthermore, we discuss the role of cooperating events in ...
Mishra N - - 2011
Mercury, one of the most widely diffused and hazardous environmental contaminants, induces oxidative stress in organisms, which ultimately leads to genotoxicity and cytotoxicity. House fly Musca domestica L. was used as a model for assaying the genotoxic potential of mercury with the help of micronucleus assay, chromosomal aberration assay as ...
Jones Martin R - - 2011
Research on Caenorhabditis elegans involves the use of a wide range of genetic and molecular tools consisting of chromosomal material captured and modified for specific purposes. These "specialized chromosomes" come in many forms ranging from relatively simple gene deletions to complex rearrangements involving endogenous chromosomes as well as transgenic constructs. ...
Soysal Y - - 2011
We present a 12-year-old girl with karyotype 46,XX. A comparative genomic hybridization array revealed a 3.172-Mb microduplication on 22q11.2. This chromosome 22q11.2 region microduplication has been described in patients with variable phenotypes; a large majority of them have identical 3-Mb duplications. The girl presented mild mental motor retardation, facial dysmorphism ...
Payne Claire M - - 2011
Chromosomal instability is a major pathway of sporadic colon carcinogenesis. Chromosome arm 1p appears to be one of the "hot spots" in the non-neoplastic mucosa that, when deleted, is associated with the initiation of carcinogenesis. Chromosome arm 1p contains genes associated with DNA repair, spindle checkpoint function, apoptosis, multiple microRNAs, ...
Robledo Cristina - - 2011
Splenic marginal zone lymphomas (SMZL) are an uncommon type of B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL-B) in which no specific chromosomal translocations have been described. In contrast, the most frequent cytogenetic abnormality is the loss of the long arm of chromosome 7 (7q). Previous reports have located this loss in the 7q32 ...
Shain Daniel H - - 2011
Mitotic chromosome motions have recently been correlated with electrostatic forces, but a lingering "molecular cell biology" paradigm persists, proposing binding and release proteins or molecular geometries for force generation. Pole-facing kinetochore plates manifest positive charges and interact with negatively charged microtubule ends providing the motive force for poleward chromosome motions ...
Schubert Ingo - - 2011
"Break-induced replication" (BIR) is considered as one way to repair DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs). BIR is defined as replication of the proximal break-ends up to the end of the broken chromosome using an undamaged (homologous) double-stranded template and mimicking a non-reciprocal translocation. This phenomenon was detected by genetic experiments in ...
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