Search Results
Results 51 - 100 of 404
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 >
Dasouki Majed J - - 2011
Obesity in humans is a complex polygenic trait with high inter-individual heritability estimated at 40-70%. Candidate gene, DNA linkage and genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have allowed for the identification of a large set of genes and genomic regions associated with obesity. Structural chromosome abnormalities usually result in congenital anomalies, growth ...
Setoguchi K - - 2011
Recently, we had located a bovine carcass weight QTL, CW-2, to a 591-kb interval on BTA6 and have identified the SNP c.1326T>G in the NCAPG (non-SMC condensin I complex, subunit G) gene that leads to the amino acid change p.Ile442Met in the NCAPG protein, which is a candidate causative variation. ...
Su Pen-Hua - - 2011
Interstitial deletion of the proximal short arm of chromosome 4 has rarely been described. This defect is associated with variable clinical manifestations, including mental retardation, unusual facial appearance, and minor limb abnormalities. We describe a girl diagnosed with moderate mental retardation and seizures with an interstitial deletion of the short ...
Wang Y - - 2011
Stripe rust (Puccinia striiformis tritici (Pst)) is one of the most destructive diseases of wheat in the world. Exploiting and utilizing stripe rust resistance genes of wild species has become an essential strategy for resistance breeding. Psathyrostachyshuashanica Keng ex Kuo is a wild species in Triticeae that has been used ...
Hu Li-Jun - - 2011
Stripe rust (caused by Puccinia striiformis) occurs annually in most wheat-growing areas of the world. Thinopyrum ponticum has provided novel rust resistance genes to protect wheat from this fungal disease. Wheat - Th. ponticum partial amphiploid line 7430 and a substitution line X005 developed from crosses between wheat and 7430 ...
Riedel Christine - - 2011
Barley yellow dwarf virus (BYDV) is an economically important pathogen of barley, which may become even more important due to global warming. In barley, several loci conferring tolerance to BYDV-PAV-ASL-1 are known, e.g. Ryd2, Ryd3 and a quantitative trait locus (QTL) on chromosome 2H. The aim of the present study ...
van der Poel Jan J - - 2011
An association study between single nucleotide polymorphism markers (SNP) and (innate and adaptive) immune parameters but also feather condition score on the back, rump and belly of laying hens was performed. The immune parameters measured in blood samples were natural and acquired antibody titers and complement activity. Feather condition score ...
Fant Xavier - - 2010
The CPC [chromosomal passenger complex; INCENP (inner centromere protein), Aurora B kinase, survivin and borealin] is implicated in many mitotic processes. In the present paper we describe how we generated DT40 conditional-knockout cell lines for incenp1 and survivin1 to better understand the role of these CPC subunits in the control ...
Forche Anja A Department of Genetics, Cell Biology and Development, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, USA. - - 2009
Candida albicans is the most prevalent opportunistic fungal pathogen in the clinical setting, causing a wide spectrum of diseases ranging from superficial mucosal lesions to life-threatening deep-tissue infections. Recent studies provide strong evidence that C. albicans possesses an arsenal of genetic mechanisms promoting genome plasticity and that it uses these ...
Kokotas Haris H Department of Genetics, Institute of Child Health, 'Aghia Sophia' Children's Hospital, Athens, - - 2009
Chromosomal aneuploidy consists the leading cause of fetal death in our species. Around 50% of spontaneous abortions until 15 weeks of gestational age are chromosomally aneuploid, with trisomies accounting for 50% of the abnormal abortions. Trisomy 21 is the most common chromosome abnormality in liveborns and is usually the result ...
Gao Lin-Bo - - 2008
Numerous candidate genes have been proposed as susceptibility factors for the development of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). Epidermal growth factor (EGF) and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) interaction plays a pivotal role in cell proliferation, differentiation, and tumourigenesis of epithelial tissues. To our knowledge, however, no study has examined the relationship ...
Gong Yuchuan - - 2008
Solution-mediated phase transformation (SMPT) has been used as a focused technique to rapidly identify the stable polymorph of a given substance. Despite ample precedence for acetonitrile being a good solvent for SMPT of sulfamerazine (SMZ), samples from specific lots of SMZ failed to convert from Form I to Form II ...
Takahagi Yoichi - - 2008
Porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) has been recognized as the causal agent of postweaning multisystemic wasting syndrome and can be divided into two major genotypic groups. We developed a method of restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) analysis of PCV2 open reading frame 2 for easy discrimination between the two major ...
Lelonek Malgorzata - - 2008
We evaluated C825T polymorphism of the G-protein beta3 subunit gene in syncopal patients in regard to tilting results and the diagnostic point score (PS). In a multivariate analysis, only PS > or = -2 was associated with positive passive tilting (P < 0.05). The relationship between tilting results and this ...
Sobrino R - - 2008
Visceral Leishmaniasis (VL) is an emerging zoonotic parasitic disease caused by Leishmania infantum in Mediterranean countries, with sand flies (Phlebotomus spp.) as vectors and dogs as the main domestic reservoir. The role of wild carnivores in the epidemiology of leishmaniasis is still controversial. In order to determine the prevalence of ...
Marcobal Angela - - 2008
Label claims on probiotic products often do not represent the true constituents. With the increased use of probiotics in clinical studies, it is necessary to know the true composition of probiotic products to better interpret study outcomes. We used terminal restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis to rapidly determine the overall ...
Bai W L - - 2008
A PCR-single strand conformation polymorphism protocol has been developed for rapid genotyping of the yak kappa-casein gene. A total of 307 yaks from the Tianzhu White, Jiulong, Maiwa, and Datong breeds in China were genotyped at the kappa-casein locus using the protocol developed in the present study. A polymorphism of ...
Cadillo-Quiroz Hinsby - - 2008
Minerotrophic fen peatlands are widely distributed in northern latitudes and, because of their rapid turnover of organic matter, are potentially larger sources of atmospheric methane than bog peatlands per unit area. However, studies of the archaeal community composition in fens are scarce particularly in minerotrophic sites. Several 16S rRNA-based primer ...
Hur Eun-Hye - - 2008
We investigated the association between the MDR1 C3435T polymorphism and P-glycoprotein function of leukemic blasts as well as clinical outcomes in 200 patients with AML, excluding the M3 subtype. The CC, CT and TT genotype frequencies of the C3435T polymorphism among patients were 71, 93 and 36, respectively. The C3435T ...
Möbius Petra - - 2008
Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis is the etiologic agent of Johne's disease and is endemic to the national cattle herds of many countries. Because of the very low level of genetic heterogeneity of this organism, it is difficult to select a workable procedure for strain differentiation at a resolution sufficient to ...
Biwas Jyotirmay - - 2008
New molecular biological technique of Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) based Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism (RFLP) can identify the species from paraffin-embedded tissue section. We demonstrated Aspergillus fumigatus fungus by PCR-based RFLP technique from paraffin section of an eyeball of an eight-month-old child removed for endogenous endophthalmitis.
Heyer Nicholas J - - 2008
The associations between a polymorphism of the serotonin transporter gene (5-HTTLPR), dental mercury exposure, and self-reported symptoms were evaluated among 157 male dentists and 84 female dental assistants. Self-reported symptoms and detailed work histories were obtained by computerized questionnaire. Spot urine samples were collected and analyzed for mercury concentrations to ...
Montes M - - 2008
Human metapneumovirus (hMPV) genotypes A and B show epidemiological and probably clinical differences. This report describes a fast and simple PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) assay, involving digestion of the fusion protein gene with Tsp509I, that allows lineages A1, A2, B1 and B2 to be distinguished. The assay should help ...
Zetterberg Madeleine - - 2007
PURPOSE: Hyperhomocysteinemia has been found in patients with primary open-angle glaucoma. The purpose of the present study was to determine if hyperhomocysteinemia-associated polymorphisms of the methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase gene (MTHFR) are overrepresented in primary open-angle glaucoma. METHODS: Patients with primary open-angle glaucoma (n = 243) and controls (n = 187) were ...
Drozdzik M - - 2007
The folate antagonist methotrexate (MTX) is a drug currently used in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). MTX enters the cells through the reduced folate carrier (RFC-1) and is activated to polyglutamates. Previous studies have shown that RFC-1 expression may influence the efficacy of therapy with MTX. The studies suggest ...
Wang Yimin - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between the C to T transition in the methylenetetrahydro folate reductase gene (MTHFR C677T) and the C to T transition in the serine hydroxymethyltransferase ( 1 )gene (SHMT ( 1 ) C1420T) and the increased risk of carcinogenesis of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) and ...
Sezgin Malek - - 2007
PURPOSE: To examine whether polymorphisms of the interleukin 1 receptor antagonist (IL1RN), interleukin 1 alpha (IL1A) and interleukin 1 beta (IL1B) genes are markers of genetic susceptibility to knee osteoarthritis in Turkish patients. METHODS: One hundred and seven patients with knee osteoarthritis and 67 controls were studied. Three polymorphisms of ...
Santarpia L - - 2007
Thyroid transcription factor-2 (TTF-2/FOXE1) is a polyalanine domain protein that regulates thyroid embryogenesis, but very few patients with permanent primary congenital hypothyroidism (pCH) harbor germline mutations of this or other transcription factors that are involved in thyroid development that might explain the etiology of pCH. Variations within the polyalanine tract ...
Koekemoer Lizette L - - 2006
Anopheles funestus Giles (Diptera: Culicidae) is one of Africa's major malaria vectors. To understand population structure within An. funestus, various molecular markers have recently been developed. We investigated the impact of the Rift Valley on one such molecular marker, a polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP). This system distinguishes ...
Schalekamp Tom - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to assess the effects of VKORC1 and CYP2C9 genotypes on severe overanticoagulation and time to achieve stability and their contributions to dose requirement during the initial phase of acenocoumarol treatment. METHODS: A prospective follow-up study was conducted at 2 anticoagulation clinics in The Netherlands. We assessed ...
Gopaul Krishna K - - 2006
While high-copy-number IS6110-based restriction fragment length polymorphism (HCN-RFLP) is the gold standard for typing most Mycobacterium tuberculosis strains, the time taken for culturing and low throughput make it impractical for large-scale prospective typing of large numbers of isolates. The development of a new method, mycobacterial interspersed repetitive units (MIRU), a ...
Cho Hea-Young - - 2006
The aim of this study was to evaluate the bioequivalence of risperidone in healthy male subjects representing different CYP2D6 genotypes with respect to risperidone, 9-hydroxyrisperidone (9-OH-risperidone), and active moiety. A total of 506 Korean subjects were genotyped for CYP2D6*10 by means of allele-specific polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP). ...
Allix Caroline - - 2006
Sources of Mycobacterium bovis contamination remain unclear for many cases of animal and human disease. A major limitation is the lack of sufficiently informative or epidemiologically well evaluated molecular methods for typing. Here, we report an evaluation of a high-throughput method based on 29 mycobacterial interspersed repetitive unit-variable-number tandem-repeat (MIRU-VNTR) ...
Russo Paola - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Male sex is associated with elevated levels of cardiovascular risk factors, including higher blood pressure (BP). Genetic variants on the Y chromosome may contribute to explain the sexual dimorphism in cardiovascular diseases. Among them, the HindIII(+/-) polymorphism of the male-specific region of the Y chromosome has been associated with ...
Wada Yuka - - 2006
Genotyping analysis was performed for Gly146Ala polymorphism in the gene for steroidogenic factor-1 (SF-1), which is known to reduce the transactivation function by approximately 20%, in 72 cryptorchid patients and 136 control males, revealing that the Ala allele, the Ala/Gly genotype, and the Ala/Ala plus Ala/Gly genotype frequencies were significantly ...
Stoica C - - 2006
This paper presents in situ observations of the epitaxial nucleation and growth of the stable polymorph of a steroid, 7alphaMna, on a specific face of the metastable form at low supersaturation, using optical microscopy and in situ Raman spectroscopy. The presence of the metastable polymorph is essential for the nucleation ...
Chin Ho Jun - - 2005
The roles of interleukin-10 (IL-10) have been emphasized in several models of glomerulonephritis (GN). Three biallelic polymorphisms within the IL-10 promoter region, at positions -1,082, -819, and -592 from the transcription initiation site, were shown to affect the level of IL-10 production. To investigate the effect of IL-10 promoter polymorphisms ...
Chen Huey-Yi - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Osteoporosis is a common disorder with a strong genetic component. We investigated the correlations between bone mineral density (BMD) and four gene polymorphisms (-308G>A tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha), -34T>C CYP 17, *141T>C urokinase, and -627C>A interleukin 10 (IL-10) promoter), and their relationship to osteoporosis in postmenopausal women. STUDY ...
Oshaghi Mohammad A - - 2005
The inheritance of mtDNA was tested in malaria vector mosquitoes of Anopheles stephensi strains using PCR-RFLP analysis for its utility in addressing epidemiological questions related to the transmission and spread of malaria. Reciprocal crosses were made between two haplotypes with distinct mtDNA restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) profiles through 20 ...
Zhang Ruifang - - 2005
The Polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) is a relatively simple and inexpensive method for genotyping single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). It requires minimal investment in instrumentation. Here, we describe a web application, 'SNP Cutter,' which designs PCR-RFLP assays on a batch of SNPs from the human genome. NCBI dbSNP ...
Almawi Wassim Y - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Insofar as the inherited prothrombotic single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) factor V G1691A (FV-Leiden), prothrombin (PRT) G20210A, and methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR), C677T are inherited risk factors of venous thromboembolism (VTE), the aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of single and combined SNPs in 198 patients with documented ...
Nejsum Peter - - 2005
A preliminary epidemiological survey indicated an association between Ascaris infections in Danish patients and contact with pigs or pig manure. In the present study, we compared Ascaris worms collected from humans and Ascaris worms collected from pigs by amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP) analysis, a technique for whole-genome fingerprinting, and ...
Wills David M - - 2005
Because organellar genomes are often uniparentally inherited, chloroplast (cp) and mitochondrial (mt) DNA polymorphisms have become the markers of choice for investigating evolutionary issues such as sex-biased dispersal and the directionality of introgression. To the extent that organellar inheritance is strictly maternal, it has also been suggested that the insertion ...
Kang T Y - - 2005
Oxidative stress caused by poor detoxification efficiency of reactive oxygen species (ROS) may play a role in the development of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Glutathione S-transferase (GST) is involved in the detoxification of ROS and genetic polymorphisms of GSTM1, GSTT1 and GSTP1 are associated with altered enzyme activity. The aim ...
Jordan D R - - 2004
Two important factors influencing sugar yield, the primary focus of sugarcane plant breeding programs, are stalk number and suckering. Molecular markers linked to both of these traits are sought to assist in the identification of high sugar yield, high stalk number, low-suckering sugarcane clones. In this preliminary mapping study, 108 ...
Akyol Omer O Department of Medical Biology and Genetics, Firat University Medical Faculty, Elazig, Turkey. - - 2004
Superoxide dismutases (SOD) play an important role in the protection of cells and extracellular space from the products of oxidative stress. Two allelic variants have been described for the SOD2 gene (Ile58Thr involves a C to T substitution at nucleotide residue 339 and Ala-9Val involves a T to C substitution ...
Lin Thomas S - - 2005
The in vivo mechanism of action of alemtuzumab (anti-CD52; Campath-1H) remains unclear. With rituximab, FCGR3A and FCGR2A high-affinity polymorphisms have been associated with clinical response in lymphoma but not in CLL, suggesting potential divergent mechanisms of action between these 2 diseases. Herein, we examined FCGR3A (V/V, n = 4; V/F, ...
Yen Jeng-Hsien - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association of cytochrome p450 1A1 (CYP1A1) and manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD) gene polymorphisms with susceptibility to Behçet's disease (BD) in Taiwan. METHODS: The polymorphisms of CYP1A1 and MnSOD genes were determined in 51 patients with BD and 91 healthy controls by polymerase chain reaction/restriction fragment length ...
Sticchi Elena - - 2004
In endothelial cells nitric oxide (NO) is synthesized by endothelial-nitric oxide synthase (e-NOS), constitutively expressed and encoded by a 26-exon gene, located on chromosome 7q35-36. The prevalence of the T rare variant of the G894T polymorphism in exon 7 of the e-NOS gene (Glu-->Asp amino acid substitution) has been reported ...
Hang Jingqing - - 2004
Endotoxin is an important component of bio-aerosols that contribute to airway inflammation and airflow obstruction. Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) mediates the host response to bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS), and the Asp299Gly and Thr399Ile polymorphisms have been associated with the development of respiratory diseases. We hypothesized that TLR4 polymorphisms may be associated ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 >