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Duranti Sabrina S Laboratory of Probiogenomics, Department of Life Sciences, University of Parma, - - 2014
Bifidobacteria are members of the gut microbiota but the genetic basis for their adaptation to the human gut is poorly understood. Analysis of the 2,203,222 bp genome of Bifidobacterium adolescentis 22L revealed a nutrient-acquisition strategy that targets diet/plant-derived glycans, in particular starch and starch-like carbohydrates. Starch-like carbohydrates were shown to ...
You Huijuan H Mechanobiology Institute, National University of Singapore, 5A Engineering Drive 1, 117411, - - 2014
As critical DNA structures capping the human chromosome ends, the stability and structural polymorphism of human telomeric G-quadruplex (G4) have drawn increasing attention in recent years. This work characterizes the equilibrium transitions of single-molecule telomeric G4 at physiological K(+) concentration. We report three folded states of telomeric G4 with markedly ...
Tran Thanh-Son - - 2014
Improving digestive efficiency is a major goal in poultry production, to reduce production costs, make possible the use of alternative feedstuffs and decrease the volume of manure produced. Since measuring digestive efficiency is difficult, identifying molecular markers associated with genes controlling this trait would be a valuable tool for selection. ...
Saravakos Panagiotis - - 2013
Cystinuria is an inherited disorder of the dibasic amino acid transport system in the proximal tubule and the small intestine. Two responsible genes have been identified, the SLC3A1 on chromosome 2 and the SLC7A9 on chromosome 19. The inability of renal tubules to reabsorb cystine and the relative insolubility of ...
Quéméner-Redon Sylvia - - 2013
We report here a de novo 16q24.1 interstitial duplication in a woman with a severe phenotype consistent with mental retardation, spastic paraplegia, severe epilepsy, a narrow and arched palate, malar hypoplasia, little subcutaneous fat and arachnodactyly. Although conventional karyotyping was found to be normal, array-CGH detected a small duplication on ...
Abel Jean LeBeau - - 2012
Sex differences in many behaviors such as cognition, mood, and motor skills are well-documented in animals and humans and are regulated by many neural circuits. Sexual dimorphisms within cell populations in these circuits play critical roles in the production of these behavioral dichotomies. Here we focus on three proteins that ...
Haferlach Claudia - - 2012
In acute myeloid leukemia (AML), increased ecotropic virus integration site 1 protein homolog (EVI1) gene expression is prognostically unfavorable. Subsets of cases show 3q26 rearrangements, such as inv(3)(q21q26)/t(3;3)(q21;q26), frequently accompanied by chromosome 7 abnormalities. We investigated whether cytogenetically cryptic EVI1 rearrangements may cause EVI1 overexpression in myeloid malignancies without 3q26 ...
Sontakke S D - - 2012
The present study is the first report of unilateral testicular hypoplasia in 3 of 15 (20%) Indian blackbuck antelopes (Antilope cervicapra). Interestingly, the condition was restricted to only the right testis in all cases. Cytogenetic analysis revealed chromosomal aneuploidy in the affected individuals which had a 34,XY(1),der(13) karyotype with loss ...
Tammachote Rachaneekorn - - 2012
Primary hyperoxaluria type 1 (PH1) is an autosomal recessive disorder caused by mutations in the alanine:glyoxylate aminotransferase (AGXT) gene, located on chromosome 2q37. Mutant AGXT leads to excess production and excretion of oxalate, resulting in accumulation of calcium oxalate in the kidney, and progressive loss of renal function. Brachydactyly mental ...
Rambaud Jérôme - - 2012
We report on an 8-month-old girl with intra-uterine growth retardation, microcephaly, incomplete cleft lip, axial hypotonia, failure to thrive, and brachydactyly type B (phalangeal agenesis and absence of nails). She carried a supernumerary marker chromosome derived from chromosomes 4 and 9, leading to 4pter-q12 and 9pter-p21.2 duplication. The marker was ...
Kataoka R - - 2012
Red clover (Trifolium pratense L.) is a forage legume and an allogamous diploid plant (2n = 14; 440 Mb). Here, we examine the 7 prometaphase chromosomes of red clover using fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) with ribosomal RNA sequences, pericentromeric and telomeric repeats, as well as bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC) ...
Wiens Andrea L - - 2012
It is well established that the combined del(1)(p36) and del(19)(q13) is a positive prognostic molecular event in oligodendroglial tumors. However, very little is known about the frequency or impact of polysomy status for chromosomes 1/19. We examined 84consecutive pure oligodendrogliomas (68 World Health Organization [WHO] grade II and 16 WHO ...
Cai Hongguang - - 2012
Root system architecture (RSA) is seldom considered as a selection criterion to improve yield in maize breeding, mainly because of the practical difficulties with their evaluation under field conditions. In the present study, phenotypic profiling of 187 advanced-backcross BC(4)F(3) maize lines (Ye478 × Wu312) was conducted at different developmental stages under field ...
Contreras Ryan N - - 2012
Interspecific hybridization in Tecoma Juss. was conducted to develop novel forms for the nursery industry. We report fertile hybrids from the cross T. garrocha Hieron. (pistillate parent) × T. stans (L.) Juss. ex Kunth. Leaf morphology of the F(1) hybrids of T. garrocha × T. stans was intermediate between the ...
Kanamori Masahiko - - 2012
In this study, we report the cytogenetic analysis of a 31-year-old male with a rare translocation between chromosomes 1 and 16 and inversion of chromosome 5 in CD99-positive soft tissue sarcoma of the thigh, which metastasized to the lung. Histologically, the tumor showed ovoid or short-spindle atypical cells with positivities ...
Vecchio D - - 2012
A syndrome due to deletion of distal long arm of 1q was delineated by several groups. Up to now different terminal deletions 1q are described often clinically resulting in diagnosed mental retardation syndromes. We report on a 7-year-old male with distal monosomy 1q and additional genetic material on the short ...
Huang Bing - - 2012
Supernumerary marker chromosomes (SMC) are relatively common in prenatal diagnosis. As the clinical outcomes vary greatly, a better understanding of the karyotype-phenotype correlation for different SMCs will be important for genetic counseling. We present two cases of prenatally detected de novo, small SMCs. The markers were present in 80% of ...
López Cristina - - 2012
Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is the most common leukemia among adults in Western countries. Chromosomal abnormalities commonly found using conventional cytogenetics and FISH are del(11)(q22-23), trisomy 12, del(13)(q14), and del(17)(p13). Trisomy 12 is the most frequent numerical abnormality in CLL. It can appear isolated or associated with other chromosomal aberrations, ...
Zhang Gengyun - - 2012
Foxtail millet (Setaria italica), a member of the Poaceae grass family, is an important food and fodder crop in arid regions and has potential for use as a C(4) biofuel. It is a model system for other biofuel grasses, including switchgrass and pearl millet. We produced a draft genome (∼423 ...
Fogu G - - 2012
Unbalanced whole-arm translocations (WATs) of the long arm of chromosome 1, resulting in complete trisomy 1q, are chromosomal abnormalities detectable in both solid tumors and hematologic neoplasms. Among the WATs of 1q to acrocentric chromosomes, a few patients with der(1;15) described as a dicentric chromosome have been reported so far, ...
Holland Heidrun - - 2012
Astrocytomas represent the largest and most common subgroup of brain tumors. Anaplastic astrocytoma (WHO grade III) may arise from low-grade diffuse astrocytoma (WHO grade II) or as primary tumors without any precursor lesion. Comprehensive analyses of anaplastic astrocytomas combining both cytogenetic and molecular cytogenetic techniques are rare. Therefore, we analyzed ...
Kang Houyang - - 2012
Trigeneric hybrids offer opportunities to transfer alien traits into cultivated wheat. In this study, a new trigeneric hybrid involving species of Triticum, Psathyrostachys, and Thinopyrum was synthesized by crossing Triticum aestivum L. (wheat) - Thinopyrum intermedium (Host) Barkworth & D.R. Dewey amphiploid Zhong 3 with wheat - Psathyrostachys huashanica Keng ...
Demirhan Osman - - 2012
Cytogenetic analysis is an important stage in understanding the genetic background of manic depression (MD), and may provide a valuable clue to the identification of target loci and successful search for major genes. In order to identify chromosomal regions we aimed to detect the relationships between chromosomal aberrations (CAs) and ...
Viaggi Chiara Donatella - - 2012
Complex chromosomal rearrangements (CCRs) are structural aberrations involving more than two chromosomes with at least three breakpoints. CCRs can be divided into familial and de novo. Balanced CCR are extremely rare in humans and are at high risk of producing unbalanced gametes. Individuals with balanced CCR are usually phenotipically normal ...
Zhang Kunyan - - 2012
We previously published a simple multiplex PCR assay for quick-screening of SCCmec types I-V, which has been extensively used worldwide. An updated assay is described here and the changes serve to make this rapid assay more accurate and reliable in facilitating identification of most common and major SCCmec types.
Onken Michael D - - 2012
This study evaluates the prognostic performance of a 15 gene expression profiling (GEP) assay that assigns primary posterior uveal melanomas to prognostic subgroups: class 1 (low metastatic risk) and class 2 (high metastatic risk). Prospective, multicenter study. A total of 459 patients with posterior uveal melanoma were enrolled from 12 ...
Jiao Xue - - 2012
BACKGROUNDThis retrospective cohort study was to determine the frequency and types of chromosomal abnormalities in Han Chinese women with well-documented premature ovarian failure (POF).METHODSKaryotype analysis and correlation to phenotypes were performed on 531 Chinese patients with proven POF (FSH > 40 mIU/ml) attending four reproductive centers in China. G-banded metaphase ...
Alberman Eva - - 2012
This study describes the cytological and epidemiological findings in 985 trisomy 13 and 2512 trisomy 18 compared with 10,255 trisomy 21 diagnoses between 2004 and 2009 included in the National Down Syndrome Cytogenetic Register of England and Wales. The frequency of occurrence, proportions diagnosed prenatally, sex ratios, mean maternal age, ...
Hussain Fareeda Taher Nazer - - 2012
Among 6,565 consecutive abnormal cytogenetic reports at our institution, 3,192 (49%) constituted sole abnormalities, of which 230 (7%) involved chromosome 7: monosomy 7 (n = 98), 7q- (n = 51), der(1;7)(q10;p10) (n = 44), balanced translocations (n = 15), ring 7 (n = 13), and 7p- (n = 9). The ...
Gotoh Hideo - - 2012
The B10.M mouse strain represents a model for male subfertility as it produces a significantly low number of offspring. The only known male reproductive phenotype of this strain is its high frequency of sperm-head morphological abnormalities (44.7 ± 2.4 %). We previously reported that this phenotype was the product of ...
Madan Kamlesh - - 2012
This review examines the reproductive consequences for carriers of a balanced complex chromosome rearrangement (CCR). It is based on an analysis of CCRs in 103 adults referred for reproductive problems, including male infertility. The main focus is on reproductive risks based on data from 84 CCRs. Carriers of balanced CCRs ...
Gmidène Abir - - 2012
Variant forms of the classic translocation t(8;21) are uncommon and account approximately 3% of all t(8;21)(q22;q22) in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients. These forms involve chromosomes 8, 21, and other chromosomes. Here we report a Tunisian patient with a complex rearrangement t(21;8;1)(q22;q22;q32) revealed by conventional chromosomal study at diagnosis. Fluorescence ...
Kynast R G - - 2012
Hybrid (oat × maize) zygotes developed into euhaploid plants with complete oat chromosome complements without maize chromosomes and into aneuhaploid plants with complete oat chromosome complements and different numbers of retained individual maize chromosomes. The elimination of maize chromosomes in the hybrid embryo is caused by uniparental genome loss during early steps ...
Bernicot Izabel - - 2012
The majority of fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) studies on the meiotic segregation of Robertsonian translocations focus on the most common types, rob(13; 14) and rob(14; 21). Here we report the first study for carriers of rare Robertsonian translocations rob(13; 21) and rob(15; 22) combining analysis of meiotic segregation in ...
Wen Jing - - 2012
Yellow-seeded Brassica napus was for the first time developed from interspecific crosses using yellow-seeded B. juncea (AABB), yellow-seeded B. oleracea (CC), and black-seeded artificial B. napus (AACC). Three different mating approaches were undertaken to eliminate B-genome chromosomes after trigenomic hexaploids (AABBCC) were generated. Hybrids (AABCC, ABCC) from crosses AABBCC × AACC, AABBCC × CC ...
Liu Liezhao - - 2012
Seed coat phenolic compounds represent important antinutritive fibre components that cause a considerable reduction in value of seed meals from oilseed rape (Brassica napus). The nutritionally most important fibre compound is acid detergent lignin (ADL), to which a significant contribution is made by phenylpropanoid-derived lignin precursors. In this study, we ...
Charchar Fadi J FJ School of Health Sciences, University of Ballarat, Ballarat, VIC, - - 2012
A sexual dimorphism exists in the incidence and prevalence of coronary artery disease--men are more commonly affected than are age-matched women. We explored the role of the Y chromosome in coronary artery disease in the context of this sexual inequity. We genotyped 11 markers of the male-specific region of the ...
Sanz M J - - 2012
The physical mapping of single locus sequences by tyramide-fluorescence in situ hybridization (Tyr-FISH) and the analysis of sequences obtained from microdissected chromosomes were assayed as potential tools for (1) determining homology and homoeology among chromosome regions of Avena species, and (2) establishing associations between linkage groups and specific chromosomes. Low ...
Bell Diana - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Carcinoma ex pleomorphic adenoma (Ca ex-PA) is defined as a carcinoma arising from a primary (de novo) or recurrent benign pleomorphic adenoma (PA). METHODS: We present a parotid myoepithelial carcinoma ex pleomorphic adenoma in a 38-year-old man with a t(3;8)(p21;q13) as the only chromosomal alteration by cytogenetic and spectral ...
O'Meally Denis - - 2012
Several recent studies have produced comparative maps of genes on amniote sex chromosomes, revealing homology of gene content and arrangement across lineages as divergent as mammals and lizards. For example, the chicken Z chromosome, which shares homology with the sex chromosomes of all birds, monotremes, and a gecko, is a ...
Tos T - - 2012
Chromosomal abnormalities are a major cause of mental retardation and/or multiple congenital anomalies (MCA/MR). Screening for these chromosomal imbalances has mainly been done by standard karyotyping. The objective of this study was to report standard chromosome analysis and FISH screening of a series of 24 patients with MCA/MR. Structural chromosomal ...
Cetin Z - - 2012
We report, a newborn presenting multiple congenital abnormalities with karyotype; 47,XY,der(7)t(6;7)(pter-p23::p15-->qter),+der(9)t(7;9)(pter-->p15::q21.2--> pter)t(6;7;9)(p23;p15;q21.2)mat[20]. The mother and her phenotypically normal daughter were carriers of a complex chromosomal rearrangement with karyotypes; 46,XX,t(6;7;9)(p23;p15;q21.2)[20]. Paternal chromosomes were normal. In our case the extra derivative chromosome was the result of a 4:2 segregation of the chromosomes ...
Qu K-X - - 2012
We examined the cytogenetics of mithun (Bos frontalis), a domesticated version of the Asian gaur, and hybrids (F(1) generation) produced by artificial insemination of Brahman cows (Bos indicus) with mithun semen. Reproductive potential was also examined in the F(1) generation and a backcrossed heifer for utilization of heterosis. Metaphase chromosome ...
Cetin Z - - 2012
Double partial trisomy resulting from 3:1 segregation of the respective chromosomal segments of the chromosomes involved in a balanced translocation in meiosis is rarely reported in the literature. We present here a first patient with multiple congenital malformations associated with double partial trisomy of 10pter-p15 and 14pter-q13 resulting from 3:1 ...
Kim J-W - - 2012
Structural abnormalities include various types of translocations, inversions, deletions, duplications and isochromosomes. Structural abnormalities of the Y chromosome are estimated to affect less than 1% of the newborn male population and are particularly hazardous for male reproductive function. The objective of this study was to characterize a group of patients ...
Talukdar Dibyendu - - 2012
Two flavonoid-deficient mutants, designated as fldL-1 and fldL-2, were isolated in EMS-mutagenized (0.15%, 10 h) M(2) progeny of grass pea (Lathyrus sativus L.). Both the mutants contained total leaf flavonoid content only 20% of their mother varieties. Genetic analysis revealed monogenic recessive inheritance of the trait, controlled by two different ...
Møller Lisbeth Birk - - 2012
Menkes Disease (MD) is a rare X-linked recessive fatal neurodegenerative disorder caused by mutations in the ATP7A gene, and most patients are males. Female carriers are mosaics of wild-type and mutant cells due to the random X inactivation, and they are rarely affected. In the largest cohort of MD patients ...
Bierkens Mariska - - 2012
The development of cervical cancer and its high-grade precursor lesions (Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia grade 2/3 [CIN2/3]) result from a persistent infection with high-risk human papillomavirus (hrHPV) types and the accumulation of (epi)genetic host cell aberrations. Epidemiological studies have demonstrated variable CIN2/3 and cancer risks between different hrHPV types. Recent genomic ...
Mawaribuchi Shuuji - - 2012
Y-linked Dmy (also called dmrt1bY) in the teleost fish medaka, W-linked Dm-W in the African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis), and Z-linked Dmrt1 in the chicken are all sex chromosome-linked Dmrt1 homologues required for sex determination. Dmy and Dm-W both are Dmrt1 palalogues evolved through Dmrt1 duplication, while chicken Dmrt1 is ...
Lühken Gesine - - 2012
In humans, rodents and horses, pigmentary anomalies in combination with other disorders, notably intestinal aganglionosis, are associated with variants of the endothelin type-B receptor gene (EDNRB). In an inbred Cameroon sheep flock, five white lambs with light blue eyes were sired from the same ram and died within a few ...
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