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Wahyuni Yuni Y Wageningen UR Plant Breeding, 6708 PB Wageningen, The Netherlands ; Research Centre for Biotechnology, Indonesian Institute of Sciences, Jl. Raya Bogor KM. 46, Cibinong, Bogor, 16910 - - 2014
Untargeted LCMS profiling of semi-polar metabolites followed by metabolite quantitative trait locus (mQTL) analysis was performed in ripe pepper fruits of 113 F2 plants derived from a cross between Capsicum annuum AC1979 (no. 19) and Capsicum chinense No. 4661 Selection (no. 18). The parental accessions were selected based on their ...
Yu Bing - - 2013
Both the prevalence and incidence of heart failure (HF) are increasing, especially among African Americans, but no large-scale, genome-wide association study (GWAS) of HF-related metabolites has been reported. We sought to identify novel genetic variants that are associated with metabolites previously reported to relate to HF incidence. GWASs of three ...
Warden Craig H - - 2012
Linkage mapping in a backcross of {Brown Norway [BN/Crl (BN)] × ZUC-Lepr (faSte) (ZUC)} × ZUC identified a male-specific quantitative trait locus (QTL) for urinary albumin excretion (UAE) on rat chromosome 1. A homozygous ZUC.BN-(D1Rat42-D1Rat90)/Ste congenic was produced containing BN donor alleles from 135 to 276 Mb from chromosome 1 ...
Zunner Christian C Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg, Erlangen, Germany. - - 2013
Logical Observation Identifiers Names and Codes (LOINC) mapping of laboratory data is often a question of the effort of mapping compared with the benefits of the structure achieved. The new LOINC mapping assistant RELMA (version 2011) has the potential to reduce the effort required for semi-automated mapping. We examined quality, ...
Shariflou M R - - 2012
A genome scan was conducted to map the autosomal recessive lethal disorder brachygnathia, cardiomegaly and renal hypoplasia syndrome (BCRHS) in Poll Merino sheep. The scan involved 10 affected and 27 unaffected animals from a single Poll Merino/Merino sheep flock, which were genotyped with the Illumina Ovine SNP50 BeadChip. Association and ...
Rootsi Siiri S Evolutionary Biology Group, Estonian Biocentre, Tartu, - - 2012
Haplogroup G, together with J2 clades, has been associated with the spread of agriculture, especially in the European context. However, interpretations based on simple haplogroup frequency clines do not recognize underlying patterns of genetic diversification. Although progress has been recently made in resolving the haplogroup G phylogeny, a comprehensive survey ...
Meadows Robin - - 2012
Evidence for dosage compensation in Silene latifolia,a plant with 10-million-year-old sex chromosomes, reveals that dosage compensation can evolve rapidly in young XY systems and is not an animal-specific phenomenon.
de Jong Tom J - - 2012
• Pollen of the crop oilseed rape (Brassica napus, AACC) can cross-fertilize ovules of Brassica rapa (AA), which leads to an influx of unpaired C-chromosomes into wild B. rapa populations. The presence of such extra chromosomes is thought to be an indicator of introgression. Backcrosses and F(1) hybrids were found in ...
Jelić Mihailo - - 2012
The genetic structure of Drosophila subobscura from the Balkan Peninsula was studied with respect to restriction site polymorphism of mitochondrial DNA in populations from the Derventa River Gorge and Sicevo Gorge (Serbia). To investigate the role of cytonuclear interactions in shaping mitochondrial DNA variability in natural populations of this species, ...
Durkin Keith - - 2012
Colour sidedness is a dominantly inherited phenotype of cattle characterized by the polarization of pigmented sectors on the flanks, snout and ear tips. It is also referred to as 'lineback' or 'witrik' (which means white back), as colour-sided animals typically display a white band along their spine. Colour sidedness is ...
Broman Karl W - - 2012
Advanced intercross populations, in which multiple inbred strains are mated at random for many generations, have the advantage of greater precision of genetic mapping because of the accumulation of recombination events across the multiple generations. Related designs include heterogeneous stock and the diversity outcross population. In this article, I derive ...
Regueiro Maria - - 2012
Whether present-day European genetic variation and its distribution patterns can be attributed primarily to the initial peopling of Europe by anatomically modern humans during the Paleolithic, or to latter Near Eastern Neolithic input is still the subject of debate. Southeastern Europe has been a crossroads for several cultures since Paleolithic ...
Knott Simon R V - - 2012
The replication of eukaryotic chromosomes is organized temporally and spatially within the nucleus through epigenetic regulation of replication origin function. The characteristic initiation timing of specific origins is thought to reflect their chromatin environment or sub-nuclear positioning, however the mechanism remains obscure. Here we show that the yeast Forkhead transcription ...
Dostie Josée - - 2012
For more than a century, developments in light microscopy drove forward our understanding of how chromosomes are organized in the cell nucleus. Now, derivatives of the chromosome conformation capture (3C) technique have harnessed the power of molecular biology to provide more genome-wide perspectives on the spatial relationships of DNA sequences, ...
Delimitreva S - - 2012
A nonhuman primate model was applied to investigate the relationships between variations in the organization of microtubules, microfilaments, and chromatin in metaphase I and metaphase II oocytes. Marmoset oocytes were subjected to in vitro maturation and coincubation with sperm. Oocytes which failed to cleave were investigated for chromatin, tubulin, and ...
Albert Benjamin - - 2012
Over the past decade, tremendous progress has been made in understanding the spatial organization of genes and chromosomes. Nuclear organization can be thought of as information that is not encoded in DNA, but which nevertheless impacts gene expression. Nuclear organizational influences can be cell-specific and are potentially heritable. Thus, nuclear ...
O'Connell Christopher B - - 2012
Kinetochores are complex macromolecular assemblies that link chromosomes to the mitotic spindle, mediate forces for chromosome motion, and generate the checkpoint signal delaying anaphase onset until all chromosomes are incorporated into the spindle. Proper execution of these functions depends on precise interactions between kinetochores and microtubules. While the molecular composition ...
Dambacher Silvia - - 2012
Centromeres are important structural constituents of chromosomes that ensure proper chromosome segregation during mitosis by providing defined sites for kinetochore attachment. In higher eukaryotes, centromeres have no specific DNA sequence and thus, they are rather determined through epigenetic mechanisms. A fundamental process in centromere establishment is the incorporation of the ...
Koester Benjamin - - 2012
In this paper, we use a statistical estimator developed in astrophysics to study the distribution and organization of features of the human genome. Using the human reference sequence we quantify the global distribution of CpG islands (CGI) in each chromosome and demonstrate that the organization of the CGI across a ...
Wei Dan-Dan - - 2012
Booklice (order Psocoptera) in the genus Liposcelis are major pests to stored grains worldwide and are closely related to parasitic lice (order Phthiraptera). We sequenced the mitochondrial (mt) genome of Liposcelis bostrychophila and found that the typical single mt chromosome of bilateral animals has fragmented into and been replaced by ...
de Wit Elzo - - 2012
Over the past 10 years, the development of chromosome conformation capture (3C) technology and the subsequent genomic variants thereof have enabled the analysis of nuclear organization at an unprecedented resolution and throughput. The technology relies on the original and, in hindsight, remarkably simple idea that digestion and religation of fixed ...
Niederstätter Harald - - 2012
The small alpine district of East Tyrol (Austria) has an exceptional demographic history. It was contemporaneously inhabited by members of the Romance, the Slavic and the Germanic language groups for centuries. Since the Late Middle Ages, however, the population of the principally agrarian-oriented area is solely Germanic speaking. Historic facts ...
Zhang Weiguo - - 2012
Centromeres are essential chromosomal regions required for kinetochore assembly and chromosome segregation. The composition and organization of centromeric nucleosomes containing the essential histone H3 variant CENP-A (CID in Drosophila) is a fundamental, unresolved issue. Using immunoprecipitation of CID mononucleosomes and cysteine crosslinking, we demonstrate that centromeric nucleosomes contain CID dimers ...
Simpson Peter J - - 2011
Human BUBR1 is a 120 kDa protein that plays a central role in the spindle assembly checkpoint (SAC), the evolutionary conserved and self-regulatory system of higher organisms that monitors and repairs defects in chromosome segregation in mitotic cells. BUBR1 is organised into several domains, with an N-terminal region responsible for its ...
Kalhor Reza - - 2012
We describe tethered conformation capture (TCC), a method for genome-wide mapping of chromatin interactions. By performing ligations on solid substrates rather than in solution, TCC substantially enhances the signal-to-noise ratio, thereby facilitating a detailed analysis of interactions within and between chromosomes. We identified a group of regions in each chromosome ...
Izzet Guillaume - - 2011
Auto-healing of a polyoxometalate hybrid was induced by a cyclodextrin. In their Communication (DOI: 10.1002/anie.201106727), G. Izzet, M. Ménand, M. Sollogoub, A. Proust, and co-workers describe the first host-guest complex involving a polyoxometalate hybrid and a cyclodextrin. The encapsulation of the organic moiety of the hybrid prevents its degradation when ...
DeLuca Jennifer G - - 2012
Successful mitosis depends on the stable, yet regulated attachment of chromosomes to spindle microtubules. The kinetochore, a large macromolecular structure assembled at sites of centromeric heterochromatin, is responsible for generating and regulating these essential attachments. Over the last several years, concerted experimental efforts have brought the structural view of the ...
Hamza Akil - - 2012
The Saccharomyces cerevisiae iron-responsive transcription factor, Aft1, has a well established role in regulating iron homeostasis through the transcriptional induction of iron-regulon genes. However, recent studies have implicated Aft1 in other cellular processes independent of iron regulation such as chromosome stability. In addition, chromosome spreads and two-hybrid data suggest that ...
Rosu Simona - - 2011
Most organisms rely on interhomolog crossovers (COs) to ensure proper meiotic chromosome segregation but make few COs per chromosome pair. By monitoring repair events at a defined double-strand break (DSB) site during Caenorhabditis elegans meiosis, we reveal mechanisms that ensure formation of the obligate CO while limiting CO number. We ...
Bah Amadou - - 2012
Eukaryotic telomeres are transcribed into telomeric repeat-containing RNA (TERRA). Telomeric transcription has been documented in mammals, birds, zebra fish, plants and budding yeast. Here we show that the chromosome ends of Schizosaccharomyces pombe produce distinct RNA species. As with budding yeast and mammals, S. pombe contains G-rich TERRA molecules and ...
Huang Yuejia - - 2012
Mitotic chromosome segregation is orchestrated by the dynamic interaction of spindle microtubules with the kinetochore. Although previous studies show that the mitotic kinesin CENP-E forms a link between attachment of the spindle microtubule to the kinetochore and the mitotic checkpoint signaling cascade, the molecular mechanism underlying dynamic kinetochore-microtubule interactions in ...
Combelles Catherine M H - - 2011
The cryopreservation of immature oocytes permits oocyte banking for patients at risk of losing their fertility. However, the optimum protocol for such fertility preservation remains uncertain. The present study investigated the survival, maturation, cytoskeletal and chromosome organization of sibling immature oocytes leftover from controlled ovarian stimulation cycles, that were either ...
Li Ping - - 2011
A prerequisite for determination of chromosome dynamics in live cells is development of a method for staining or marking the chromosome of interest. We describe here a unique chromosome-tracking system that differentially marks two large chromosome segments from homologs in the budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Using yeast genetics and the ...
Coffman Valerie C - - 2011
The stoichiometries of kinetochores and their constituent proteins in yeast and vertebrate cells were determined using the histone H3 variant CENP-A, known as Cse4 in budding yeast, as a counting standard. One Cse4-containing nucleosome exists in the centromere (CEN) of each chromosome, so it has been assumed that each anaphase ...
Chen Jun-Song - - 2011
Cdk1 controls many aspects of mitotic chromosome behavior and spindle microtubule (MT) dynamics to ensure accurate chromosome segregation. In this paper, we characterize a new kinetochore substrate of fission yeast Cdk1, Nsk1, which promotes proper kinetochore-MT (k-MT) interactions and chromosome movements in a phosphoregulated manner. Cdk1 phosphorylation of Nsk1 antagonizes ...
Prasada Rao Hanumanthu B D - - 2011
In budding yeast, Mps3 is essential for duplicating the spindle pole body (SPB) and is critical for promoting chromosome motion during meiosis. It is a member of the SUN (Sad1-Unc-84) domain family of proteins that localizes to the inner nuclear envelope (NE) in many eukaryotic organisms and preferentially localizes to ...
McIntosh J Richard - - 2011
The mechanisms by which cells organize and segregate their chromosomes have been under close scrutiny for years, and significant progress has been made in understanding how mitosis works. Modern cell biology has identified most of the molecules that underlie mitotic spindle function, but the ways in which they are organized ...
Serio Gaetana - - 2011
Rab5 is a small GTPase known to regulate vesicular trafficking during interphase. Here, we show that Rab5 also plays an unexpected role during mitotic progression. RNAi-mediated silencing of Rab5 caused defects in chromosome congression and extensive prometaphase delay, and it correlated with a severe reduction in the localization of the ...
Fritsche Miriam - - 2012
What physical mechanism leads to organization of a highly condensed and confined circular chromosome? Computational modeling shows that confinement-induced organization is able to overcome the chromosome's propensity to mix by the formation of topological domains. The experimentally observed high precision of separate subcellular positioning of loci (located on different chromosomal ...
Scialdone Antonio - - 2011
X-Chromosome Inactivation (XCI) is the process whereby one, randomly chosen X becomes transcriptionally silenced in female cells. XCI is governed by the Xic, a locus on the X encompassing an array of genes which interact with each other and with key molecular factors. The mechanism, though, establishing the fate of ...
Takada Yuki Y RIKEN Center for Allergy and Immunology, 1-7-22 Suehiro-cho, Tsurumi-ku, Yokohama 230-0045, - - 2011
During meiosis, specific histone modifications at pericentric heterochromatin (PCH), especially histone H3 tri- and dimethylation at lysine 9 (H3K9me3 and H3K9me2, respectively), are required for proper chromosome interactions. However, the molecular mechanism by which H3K9 methylation mediates the synapsis is not yet understood. We have generated a Cbx3-deficient mouse line ...
Ramey Vincent H - - 2011
All eukaryotic cells must segregate their chromosomes equally between two daughter cells at each division. This process needs to be robust, as errors in the form of loss or gain of genetic material have catastrophic effects on viability. Chromosomes are captured, aligned, and segregated to daughter cells via interaction with ...
Ren Licheng - - 2011
CCCTC-binding factor (CTCF) is a master organizer of genome spatial organization and plays an important role in mediating extensive chromatin interactions. Circular chromosome conformation capture (4C) is a high-throughput approach that allows genome-wide screening for unknown potential interaction partners. Using a conserved CTCF binding site on the Bcl11b locus as ...
Ye Fan - - 2011
Chromosome biorientation and congression during mitosis require precise control of microtubule dynamics [1-4]. The dynamics of kinetochore microtubules (K-MTs) are regulated by a variety of microtubule-associated proteins (MAPs) [4-9]. Recently, a MAP known as HURP (hepatoma upregulated protein) was identified [10-12]. During mitosis, Ran-guanosine 5'-triphosphate (RanGTP) releases HURP from the importin ...
Mon Hiroaki - - 2011
Epigenetic information is encoded in post-translational modifications (PTMs) of histones. Various combinations of these marks contribute to the regulation of chromatin-templated DNA metabolisms. The histone code is gradually translated into biological responses in model organisms. However, in the silkworm, the modifications of histones with unique holocentric chromosomes have not yet ...
Wang Wenqin - - 2011
Bacterial chromosomes are confined in submicrometer-sized nucleoids. Chromosome organization is facilitated by nucleoid-associated proteins (NAPs), but the mechanisms of action remain elusive. In this work, we used super-resolution fluorescence microscopy, in combination with a chromosome-conformation capture assay, to study the distributions of major NAPs in live Escherichia coli cells. Four ...
Gan Lu - - 2011
In metazoans, plants, and fungi, the spindle checkpoint delays mitosis until each chromosome is attached to one or more of its own kinetochore microtubules (kMTs). Some unicellular eukaryotes, however, have been reported to have fewer kMTs than chromosomes [1-5]. If this is the case, it is unclear how the spindle ...
Meldi Lauren L Department of Molecular Biosciences, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois, - - 2011
The nucleus is a spatially organized compartment. The most obvious way in which this is achieved is at the level of chromosomes. The positioning of chromosomes with respect to nuclear landmarks and with respect to each other is both non-random and cell-type specific. This suggests that cells possess molecular mechanisms ...
Mishra Prashant K - - 2011
The kinetochore (centromeric DNA and associated proteins) is a key determinant for high fidelity chromosome transmission. Evolutionarily conserved Scm3p is an essential component of centromeric chromatin and is required for assembly and function of kinetochores in humans, fission yeast, and budding yeast. Overexpression of HJURP, the mammalian homolog of budding ...
Shirk Katelan - - 2011
In budding yeast, the microtubule-organizing center is called the spindle pole body (SPB) and shares structural components with the centriole, the central core of the animal centrosome. During meiotic interphase I, the SPB is duplicated when DNA replication takes place. Duplicated SPBs are linked and then separate to form a ...
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