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Gutiérrez María Laura ML Servicio General de Citometría, Departamento de Medicina and Centro de Investigación del Cáncer, Instituto de Investigación Biomédica de Salamanca, NUCLEUS, Universidad de Salamanca, Salamanca, - - 2014
Most patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) die within 6 months of diagnosis. However, 20% to 25% patients undergoing total tumor resection remain alive and disease-free 5 years after diagnostic surgery. Few studies on tumor markers have predicted patient prognosis and/or survival. We evaluated the effect of tumor cytogenetic copy ...
Ozakca Dilek Unal DU Department of Molecular Biology and Genetic, Faculty of Art & Science, Bilecik Seyh Edebali University, 11210 Bilecik, Turkey. Electronic address: - - 2013
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of the fungicide flusilazole on somatic cells of Allium cepa. For evaluation of cytogenetic effects, root meristem cells of A. cepa were treated with 10, 20, 30 and 45ppm (EC50 concentration) for 24, 48 and 72h. The mitotic index and ...
Wang Jing H - - 2012
Chromosomal aberrations have been associated with cancer development since their discovery more than a hundred years ago. Chromosomal translocations, a type of particular structural changes involving heterologous chromosomes, have made a critical impact on diagnosis, prognosis and treatment of cancers. For example, the discovery of translocation between chromosomes 9 and ...
Shin So Youn - - 2012
Human chimerism resulting from the fusion of two different zygotes is a rare phenomenon. Two mechanisms of chimerism have been hypothesized: dispermic fertilization of an oocyte and its second polar body and dispermic fertilization of two identical gametes from parthenogenetic activation, and these can be identified and discriminated using DNA ...
Braun Sigurd - - 2012
The organization of eukaryotic chromosomes into transcriptionally active euchromatin and repressed heterochromatin requires mechanisms that establish, maintain and distinguish these canonical chromatin domains. Post-translational modifications are fundamental in these processes. Monoubiquitylation of histones was discovered more than three decades ago, but its precise function has been enigmatic until recently. It ...
Itabashi Takeshi - - 2012
Chromosome segregation machinery is controlled by mechanochemical regulation. Tension in a mitotic spindle, which is balanced by molecular motors and polymerization-depolymerization dynamics of microtubules, is thought to be essential for determining the timing of chromosome segregation after the establishment of the kinetochore-microtubule attachments. It is not known, however, whether and ...
Höckner M - - 2012
De novo cytogenetically balanced reciprocal non-Robertsonian translocations are rare findings in clinical cytogenetics and might be associated with an abnormal phenotype. Knowledge of the parental origin and mechanisms of formation is still limited. By microdissection of the derivative chromosomes and their normal homologs from metaphases followed by microsatellite-mediated marker analysis ...
Bianciardi Alessio - - 2012
In all eukaryotes, the ribosomal RNA genes are stably inherited redundant elements. In Drosophila melanogaster, the presence of a Ybb(-) chromosome in males, or the maternal presence of the Ribosomal exchange (Rex) element, induces magnification: a heritable increase of rDNA copy number. To date, several alternative classes of mechanisms have ...
Soares Ana Rita - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To characterize the deletion patterns and its breakpoints in oligozoospermic patients presenting AZFb and AZFc microdeletions and to understand the recombination mechanisms underlying these microdeletions. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: Genetics Department of Faculty of Medicine of Porto, Porto, Portugal. PATIENT(S): Two men with severe oligozoospermia and two men with ...
de Sèze M - - 2012
Idiopathic scoliosis is a three-dimensional deformation of the spine. As its name suggests, its pathogenesis remains poorly understood. Enhanced comprehension of its pathogenesis would be likely to improve current therapeutic results. While the hereditary and genetic origin of scoliosis appears unassailable and several chromosomes are known to be involved in ...
Martinez Elena - - 2012
Eleven clinical class 1 integron-containing Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates from Australia and Uruguay were investigated for the genomic locations of these elements. Several novel class 1 integrons/transposons were found in at least four distinct locations in the chromosome, including genomic islands. These elements seem to be undergoing successful dispersal by lateral ...
Lowry David B - - 2012
[This corrects the article on p. e1000500 in vol. 8.].
Spagnolo Jennifer - - 2011
A method for replacing endogenous promoter by a constitutive promoter in Pseudomonas aeruginosa is described. Plasmid pKNG101, a broadly used shuttle suicide vector in P. aeruginosa, was improved to allow chromosomal introduction of a Plac promoter in front of any kind of gene especially those with unknown function. Using this ...
Latch Emily K - - 2011
Studies of hybrid zones have revealed an array of evolutionary outcomes, yet the underlying structure is typically characterized as one of three types: a hybrid zone, a hybrid swarm or a hybrid taxon. Our primary objective was to determine which of these three structures best characterizes a zone of hybridization ...
Sohn Andrew - - 2011
Atopic dermatitis, commonly known as eczema, is a common chronic, relapsing skin disease characterized by pruritus, disrupted epidermal barrier function, and immunoglobulin E-mediated sensitization to food and environmental allergens. Atopic dermatitis is a complex disease that arises from interactions between genes and the environment. Loci on several chromosomes have been ...
Emerit Ingrid - - 2011
As previously described, PUVA therapy induces chromosomal damage-effects in psoriatic patients. This study evaluates whether these effects are transitory or persistent. In addition, we studied these effects after nUVB and anti-TNFα treatments. Among forty responder patients, 10 received PUVA, 10 nUVB, 10 Infliximab and 10 Etanercept. Disease activity was determined ...
Srivastava P - - 2011
Seeds of safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.) were subjected to three treatment durations (3h, 5h and 7h) of 0.5 % Ethyl Methane Sulphonate (EMS). Microsporogenesis was carried out in the control as well as in the treated materials. EMS treated plants showed interesting feature of partial inter-meiocyte chromatin migration through channel ...
Thomas Xavier - - 2011
Distinct clinicopathologic acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) entities have been identified, resulting in the adoption of risk-oriented treatment approaches. In Philadelphia chromosome-positive (Ph(+)) ALL, the optimal treatment requires the addition of BCR-ABL tyrosine kinase inhibitors, as imatinib. However, the outcome remains poor in absence of allogeneic stem cell transplantation, and novel ...
Molnár István - - 2011
[This corrects the article on p. e27708 in vol. 6.].
Fielding Adele K - - 2011
The author discusses both the standards of care and more controversial areas in the treatment of Philadelphia chromosome-positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
Olsson Linda - - 2011
[This corrects the article on p. e24977 in vol. 6.].
Fujii Tsuguru - - 2010
In Bombyx mori, the W chromosome determines the female sex. A few W chromosome-linked mutations that cause masculinization of the female genitalia have been found. In female antennae of a recently isolated mutant, both female-type and male-type Bmdsx mRNAs were expressed, and BmOr1 (bombykol receptor) and BmOr3 (bombykal receptor), which ...
Henriques Rossana - - 2010
The 40S ribosomal protein S6 kinase (S6K) is a conserved component of signalling pathways controlling growth in eukaryotes. To study S6K function in plants, we isolated single- and double-knockout mutations and RNA-interference (RNAi)-silencing lines in the linked Arabidopsis S6K1 and S6K2 genes. Hemizygous s6k1s6k2/++ mutant and S6K1 RNAi lines show ...
Baldwin Thomas K - - 2010
Fusarium graminearum (teleomorph: Gibberella zeae) is an Ascomycete fungal plant pathogen which infects a range of agriculturally important crops, including wheat, barley, and maize. A random plasmid insertion mutagenesis approach was used to analyze the pathogenicity of the PH-1 strain, for which full genomic information is available. Fungal transformants were ...
Zhao Xinyi - - 2010
Kinetochore proteins associate with centromeric DNA and spindle microtubules and play essential roles in chromosome segregation during mitosis. In this study, we uncovered a zebrafish mutant, stagnant and curly (stac), that carries the Tol2 transposon element inserted at the kinetochore protein H (cenph) locus. Mutant embryos exhibit discernible cell death ...
Yu Tao - - 2010
Copy-number variation in the human genome can be disease-causing or phenotypically neutral. This type of genetic rearrangement associated with human chromosome 21 (Hsa21) underlies partial Monosomy 21 and Trisomy 21. Mental retardation is a major clinical manifestation of partial Monosomy 21. To model this human chromosomal deletion disorder, we have ...
Berthelet Sharon - - 2010
The Saccharomyces cerevisiae transcription factor Aft1 is activated in iron-deficient cells to induce the expression of iron regulon genes, which coordinate the increase of iron uptake and remodel cellular metabolism to survive low-iron conditions. In addition, Aft1 has been implicated in numerous cellular processes including cell-cycle progression and chromosome stability; ...
Otero Joel H JH Interdepartmental Program in Cell and Molecular Biology, and Lester and Sue Smith Breast Center, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX, - - 2010
Int6/eIF3e is implicated in tumorigenesis, but its molecular functions remain unclear. We have studied its fission yeast homolog Yin6, reporting that it regulates proteolysis by controlling the assembly/localization of proteasomes, and binds directly to another conserved protein, Moe1. In the present study, we isolated Cdc48 as a Moe1-binding protein from ...
Jin Feng Jie - - 2010
We aim to create an Aspergillus oryzae mutant with a highly reduced chromosome, but better growth, by eliminating the nonessential regions coding various dispensable functions for its better industrial use. In our previous study, we successfully determined the outline of essential and nonessential regions by constructing a series of large ...
Rhodes Jennifer - - 2009
A growing body of evidence indicates that early mitotic inhibitor 1 (Emi1) is essential for genomic stability, but how this function relates to embryonic development and cancer pathogenesis remains unclear. We have identified a zebrafish mutant line in which deficient emi1 gene expression results in multilineage hematopoietic defects and widespread ...
Arbour Mélanie - - 2009
It has come to our attention that approximately 35% of >100 published microarray datasets, where transcript levels were compared between two different strains, exhibit some form of chromosome-specific bias. While some of these arose from the use of strains whose aneuploidies were not known at the time, in a worrisome ...
Jin Feng Jie - - 2009
We previously developed two methods (loop-out and replacement-type recombination) for generating large-scale chromosomal deletions that can be applied to more effective chromosomal engineering in Aspergillus oryzae. In this study, the replacement-type method is used to systematically delete large chromosomal DNA segments to identify essential and nonessential regions in chromosome 7 ...
Horiguchi Gorou - - 2009
The number of cells in an organ is a major factor that specifies its size. However, the genetic basis of cell number determination is not well understood. To obtain insight into this genetic basis, three grandifolia-D (gra-D) mutants of Arabidopsis thaliana were characterized that developed huge leaves with two to ...
Rotman Ella - - 2009
The seqA defect in Escherichia coli increases the ori/ter ratio and causes chromosomal fragmentation, making seqA mutants dependent on recombinational repair (the seqA recA colethality). To understand the nature of this chromosomal fragmentation, we characterized DeltaseqA mutants and isolated suppressors of the DeltaseqA recA lethality. We demonstrate that our DeltaseqA ...
Schliekelman Mark - - 2009
Bub1 is a serine/threonine kinase originally described as a core component of the spindle assembly checkpoint (SAC) mechanism in yeast. Bub1 binding at kinetochores has been reported to be required for SAC function and localization of other SAC components. A proper SAC is believed to be essential for murine embryonic ...
Brassesco María Sol - - 2009
Topoisomerase II inhibitors are effective chemotherapeutic agents in the treatment of cancer, in spite of being associated with the development of secondary leukemia. Our purpose was to determine the effects of etoposide on different genomic regions, aiming at discovering whether there are preferential sites which can be targeted by this ...
Herz Hans-Martin HM Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, The Genes & Development Graduate Program, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas, United States of - - 2009
Genetic studies in yeast have identified class E vps genes that form the ESCRT complexes required for protein sorting at the early endosome. In Drosophila, mutations of the ESCRT-II component vps25 cause endosomal defects leading to accumulation of Notch protein and increased Notch pathway activity. These endosomal and signaling defects ...
Holátko Jirí - - 2009
The previously constructed strain Corynebacterium glutamicumilvNM13 with acetohydroxy acid synthase, resistant to inhibition by all three branched-chain amino acids (L-valine, L-isoleucine and L-leucine), was used as a basis to develop a new type of valine producer by genetic engineering. The main strategy was to modulate expression of the genes involved ...
Suto Jun-Ichi - - 2009
Mutant mice exhibiting a growth retardation phenotype arose spontaneously in the inbred NC/Sgn mouse strain. The mode of inheritance of this mutation was autosomal recessive, and I named this mutation growth deficit (gd). The gd locus was mapped to the proximal part of chromosome 4, between microsatellite markers D4Mit139 and ...
Jiang Liang - - 2008
A dwarf mutant of rice (Oryza sativa L.) by mutagenesis of ethylene methylsulfonate (EMS) treatment from Nipponbare was identified. The mutant exhibited phenotypes of dwarfism and withered leaf tip (dwl1). Based on the internode length of dwl1, this mutant belongs to the dm type of dwarfing. Analysis of elongation of ...
Lamichhane-Khadka R - - 2008
To identify factors associated with the Staphylococcus aureus pine-oil disinfectant-reduced-susceptibility (PD(RS)) mechanism and to describe one possible PD(RS) model. Comparative genomic sequencing (CGS) and microarray analysis were utilized to detect mutations and transcriptome alterations that occur in a S. aureus PD(RS) mutant. Mutant analysis, antimicrobial gradient plates, growth studies and ...
Wu Xianting - - 2009
The spikelet, which is a short branch bearing the florets, is the fundamental unit of grass inflorescence architecture. In most grasses, spikelets are borne singly on the inflorescence. However, paired spikelets are characteristic of the Andropogoneae, a tribe of 1,000 species including maize (Zea mays). The Suppressor of sessile spikelets1 ...
Wang Lin - - 2008
The bile salt export pump (Bsep) represents the major bile salt transport system at the canalicular membrane of hepatocytes. When examined in model cell lines, genetic mutations in the BSEP gene impair its targeting and transport function, contributing to the pathogenesis of progressive familial intrahepatic cholestasis type II (PFIC II). ...
Dedrick Rebekah M - - 2009
The mechanisms by which chromosomes condense and segregate during developmentally regulated cell division are of interest for Streptomyces coelicolor, a sporulating, filamentous bacterium with a large, linear genome. These processes coordinately occur as many septa synchronously form in syncytial aerial hyphae such that prespore compartments accurately receive chromosome copies. Our ...
Yerushalmi Gal - - 2008
The locus of enterocyte effacement (LEE) pathogenicity island of enterohemorrhagic and enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EHEC and EPEC, respectively) comprises a cluster of operons encoding a type III secretion system and related proteins, all of which are essential for bacterial colonization of the host intestines. The LEE1 operon encodes Ler, which ...
Boivin Antoine - - 2008
Dietary restriction (DR) extends life span of many organisms, from yeast to mammals. The question of whether or not the SIR2 protein functions to mediate life span extension in response to DR remains debated. In this paper, we studied the relationship between SIR2 and DR in the filamentous fungus Podospora ...
Kiyokawa Takashi - - 2008
Toll-like receptors (TLRs) play an essential role in defense responses. Immune cells express multiple TLRs which are simultaneously activated by microbial pathogens. PRotein Associated with Tlr4 A (PRAT4A) is a chaperone-like endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-resident protein required for the proper subcellular distribution of multiple TLRs. PRAT4A(-/-) mice show impaired expression of ...
McCollum Andrea M - - 2008
Sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine (SP) resistance in Plasmodium falciparum is encoded by a number of mutations in the dihydrofolate reductase (dhfr) and dihydropteroate synthetase (dhps) genes. Here, we have characterized point mutations in dhfr and dhps and microsatellite loci around dhfr on chromosome 4 and dhps on chromosome 8 as well as neutral ...
Choi Yoon-E - - 2008
Fusarium verticillioides (teleomorph Gibberella moniliformis) is an ascomycete known to produce a variety of secondary metabolites, including fumonisins, fusaric acid and bikaverin. These metabolites are synthesized when the fungus is under stress, notably nutrient limitations. To date we have limited understanding of the complex regulatory process associated with fungal secondary ...
Ikegawa Masaya - - 2008
Secreted Frizzled-related protein 2 (Sfrp2) or Stromal Cell Derived Factor-5 (SDF-5) is highly expressed in the developing limbs. Here we showed the single Sfrp2 inactivation in mice resulted in syndactyly and preaxial synpolydactyly, predominantly in the hindlimbs. Tails were often kinked. A penetrance of the syndactyly was highest in 129/SvJ ...
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