Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 594
< 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 >
Takayama S - - 1985
Vero cells (African green monkey kidney in origin) were prepared by the conventional air-drying method and then processed for SEM by a modification of the conductive method based on thiocarbohydrazide-osmium binding. Under SEM, not only metaphase chromosomes but also resting nuclei showed distinct fibres 30 nm in diameter. A few ...
Jan K Y - - 1985
A differential Giemsa staining between sister chromatids was obtained by treating chromosomes replicated twice in medium containing 5-bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) with Hoechst 33258 plus black light at 55 degrees C (HB pretreatment) and deoxyribonuclease (DNase) I, II, or micrococcal nuclease. In this staining pattern the BrdU bifilarly substituted chromatids were darkly ...
Almássy Z - - 1985
Human lymphocytes were cultured for two cell cycles in the presence of bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU), and the resulting metaphase chromosomes were first stained with quinacrine mustard (QM) and then, immediately afterwards, with Hoechst 33258, without any intermediate destaining. Both Q-banding patterns and sister chromatid differential staining were photographed subsequently on the ...
van den Engh G J - - 1985
Chromosomes were isolated from a variety of human cell types using a HEPES-buffered hypotonic solution (pH 8.0) containing KCl, MgSO4, dithioerythritol, and RNase. The chromosomes isolated by this procedure could be stained with a variety of fluorescent stains including propidium iodide, chromomycin A3, and Hoechst 33258. Addition of sodium citrate ...
van Duijn P - - 1985
A new hypothesis is proposed on the involvement of nucleosomes in Giemsa banding of chromosomes. Giemsa staining as well as the concomitant swelling can be explained as an insertion of the triple charged hydrophobic dye complex between the negatively-charged super-coiled helical DNA and the denatured histone cores of the nucleosomes ...
Otto F - - 1985
A comparison of four DNA stains considered to be AT-specific with chromosomes from a clonal Chinese hamster cell line B14F28-C5 have been made. The flow karyotype histograms indicate that DAPI, DIPI, and Hoechst 33258 and 33342 do stain similarly in the same preparation. DAPI staining is specific and highly reproducible ...
Lalande M - - 1985
A dual laser FACS IV cell sorter has been used to obtain bivariate flow histograms of human metaphase chromosomes stained with the DNA-specific dyes, 33258 Hoechst and chromomycin A3. Approximately twenty distinct chromosomal fluorescence populations can be resolved using this double staining technique and the flow cytometer which has been ...
Kroisel P M - - 1985
The dye triplet chromomycin/methyl green/DAPI and some related dye combinations were applied to bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU)-substituted and non-substituted chromosomes. In both kinds of chromosome preparations, tri-staining followed by observation at pH 7 resulted in well defined R-bands (excitation wavelength 436 nm) and a mixed DA-DAPI/Q-banding pattern (360 nm). Two approaches have ...
Zenker H J - - 1985
Two types of cyclitis posterior had to be differentiated owing to the fluorescein angiographic pattern observed. At first, a diffuse, belt-shaped staining of the whole pars plana, and secondly, a circumscribed staining of the inflammatory foci. Both types were combined with the permeation of dye into the cystoid spaces as ...
Pukkila P J - - 1985
We have taken advantage of the synchronous meiotic process in the basidiomycete Coprinus cinereus to develop a simple and rapid method to selectively stain meiotic chromosomes and nucleoli in this fungus without prior removal of the cell wall. Electron microscopic examination of these silver-stained chromosomes indicated that the lateral elements ...
Tonew M S - - 1985
Chick embryo cell monolayers (CEC) treated by acidified thiazine dyes (pH 5 to 3) arrived into a mitogenic state. The diffuse dispersed chromatin of the nuclei clustered on the nuclear membranes and on the nucleoli in chromosome-like figures is usually estimated by electron microscopy. The clustering process could better be ...
Holden J J - - 1985
Homogeneously staining regions (HSRs) in the human melanoma cell line, MeWo, are located on an X and a der(15) chromosome. These regions are homogeneously stained with quinacrine fluorescence, but stain differentially with conventional Giemsa, G-banding, C-banding, and distamycin A/4',6-diamidino-2-phenylindole. There are five and six blocks of positively staining material on ...
Meyne J - - 1984
Isolated human metaphase chromosomes stained with the fluorochromes 4'-6-diamidino-2-phenylindole (DAPI) and chromomycin A3(CA3), and counterstained with nonfluorescent netropsin (NTR), have been analyzed by dual-laser flow cytometry. Counterstaining with NTR reduces DAPI fluorescence except at regions on chromosomes 1,9,15,16, and Y, corresponding to C-band heterochromatin. Bivariate flow karyology of human chromosomes ...
Mudd J L - - 1984
The determination of sex from forcibly removed hairs in forensic science laboratories has, in the past, been based almost entirely on the presence or absence of the Y chromosome in the cells of the hair root sheath. Since the human male genotype is XY and the female is XX, a ...
Paoletti L - - 1984
Talc powders from national and international markets were analyzed in order to assess their fiber contents and the proportion of asbestos in the fibrous material. Samples of talc powders used as excipients in pharmaceutical and cosmetic preparations demonstrated fiber contents up to 30% of total particles. About a half of ...
Antohi S - - 1984
As evaluated by light scattering at 90 degrees, natural organic oligocations such as putrescine, spermidine and spermine interfered with myxovirus aggregates which were induced by the histone H2A and strongly amplified by shaking during incubation. In contrast, the synthetic oligocation 1.7-diamino heptane itself aggregated the virus particles, its action being ...
Tuck-Muller C M - - 1984
A reliable technique for combined C-banding and silver staining of metaphase chromosomes which uses trypsinization is described. Slides are first immersed in dilute HCl to remove residual cytoplasm from around the chromosomes. They are then treated with saturated barium hydroxide and incubated overnight in saline sodium citrate (0.30 M NaCl, ...
Mayall B H - - 1984
Image cytometry and computer analysis are used to determine the relative DNA content and the DNA-based centromeric index of the 24 chromosomes of the human karyotype. A two-step procedure is used. Chromosomes of cells in metaphase first are stained with quinacrine and identified visually by their fluorescent Q-band patterns. They ...
Simmons M C - - 1984
The human melanoma cell line MeWo was found to contain two populations of cells, one containing 83 chromosomes (hypotetraploid) and the other containing 43 chromosomes (hypodiploid). All of the hypodiploid cells, but none of the hypotetraploid cells, contained chromosomes with long homogeneously staining regions (HSR's) when examined with quinacrine fluorescence. ...
van den Engh G - - 1984
Certain variables in the preparation of chromosome suspensions for flow cytometric analysis have been investigated. The optimal conditions have been determined. The results of this series of experiments have been incorporated to yield a preparation protocol that gives chromosome profiles with a low amount of small particle debris and few ...
SkawiƄski W - - 1984
The length of the Y chromosome with its fluorescent and non-fluorescent portion was measured in Q-banded metaphases. The same preparations were stained by Feulgen method. The DNA content and size of the Y chromosome were assessed. The length of Y chromosome was normalized by taking into account differences in contraction ...
Mayr B - - 1984
The karyotype of the European wild pig (Sus scrofa scrofa L.) was analysed by means of silver-staining and the chromomycin A3/distamycin A/DAPI fluorescent banding technique to locate active NORs and to differentiate types of C-bands. The ribosomal RNA genes are localized at the secondary constrictions of chromosomes 8 and 10. ...
Traut W - - 1984
An extra segment in chromosome 1 between bands C5 and D has been found in wild mouse populations. Its size varies between 6.1% and 30.1% of the length of a standard chromosome 1. It differs among individuals and populations but is constant in a genetically homogeneous line. According to its ...
Green D K - - 1984
Frequency distributions of fluorescence intensity of ethidium bromide stained human chromosomes from nine phenotypically normal males are cross correlated and autocorrelated following repeated flow cytometric measurements. It is shown that each individual donor produces a fluorescence profile which is both visually and numerically different from those of other individuals in ...
Verma R S - - 1984
The expression of ribosomal cistrons in the nucleolar organizer regions (NORs) has been studied with high resolution banding in the acrocentric chromosomes of 10 normal individuals. It was found that if a particular chromosome did not stain with silver nitrate at metaphase, then it did not stain at prophase either. ...
Fernandez-Piqueras J - - 1984
A simple method is presented by which synaptonemal complexes (SCs) can be visualized under bright field microscopy. Staining was accomplished with a silver nitrate solution adjusted to pH 3-3.5 with formic acid, after an acidic fixation. This method is suitable for the demonstration of SCs, centromeres and NOR regions in ...
Earnshaw W C - - 1984
Cytological silver-staining procedures reveal the presence of a "core" running along the chromatid axes of isolated HeLa mitotic chromosomes. In this communication we examine the relationship between this "core" and the nonhistone chromosome scaffolding, isolated and characterized in previous publications from this laboratory. When chromosomes on coverslips were subjected to ...
Lavezzi A M - - 1984
Cultures of bone marrow obtained from patients with various forms of leukemia have been stained by the Giemsa-11 technique. The results suggest that this method can be utilized for the constant monitoring of numerical and structural anomalies in chromosome 9. Furthermore, by varying the pH, this technique can be applied ...
Young B D - - 1984
The latest developments in the application of flow cytometry to the analysis and fractionation of metaphase chromosomes is reviewed. This includes the preparative techniques, staining and machine technology used in flow karyotype production. In particular, the application of this technology to the study of chromosomal changes and to the construction ...
Buys C H - - 1984
Oxidizing Methylene Blue and adding the reaction products to Eosin Y and Azure B makes possible a highly reliable Giemsa-11 technique for discrimination of chromosomes in hybrid cells according to their parental origin. This staining can be combined in a sequential procedure with a fluorescent banding technique allowing the exact ...
Lezhava T A - - 1984
Ag-positive nucleolar organizer regions (NORs) and associations of silver-stained acrocentric chromosomes were studied in 400 metaphases from 20 male and female subjects aged 20-50 and 80 or over. The number of Ag-positive NORs and the frequency of chromosome associations were found to be decreased significantly at 80 and thereafter in ...
Tuck-Muller C M - - 1984
Associations between nucleolus organizer regions (NORs) and non-acrocentric chromosomes were scored in 2,800 metaphase spreads from PHA-stimulated lymphocyte cultures (48 h) from 14 individuals. The preparations were both silver stained and C-banded. In order to calculate the expected values for associations, the ratio of heterochromatin length to euchromatin length was ...
Viegas-Pequignot E - - 1984
A large amount of heterochromatin is observed in two species of the genus Gerbillus, G. nigeriae and G. hesperinus. The C-band material represents about one-half of the total karyotype length in the former species, and about one-third in the latter. Several banding techniques and various 5-bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) treatments were used ...
Coyle P K - - 1983
We applied a sensitive silver nitrate stain to SDS-polyacrylamide gels to detect oligoclonal bands in unconcentrated CSF. Silver staining took less than 3 hours and gave easily readable bands in 93% of MS patients. In contrast, standard Coomassie Blue stain was positive in only 53%. Maximum resolution and numbers of ...
Loidl J - - 1983
Microsporogenesis of Allium flavum was investigated by light microscopy using a silver impregnation technique. Ag-positive structures were present at the nucleolus organizing regions (NORs) in all stages of the meiotic cycle. During prophase I the nucleoli were found to be composed of a strongly impregnated central and a weakly impregnated ...
Duan X S - - 1983
The technique of cell fusion, the method of sister chromatid differentiation (SCD), and the silver staining method modified by us that can show nucleolus organizing region (NOR) and sister chromatid differentiation at the same time have been used in the study of red muntjac chromosomes. Differential staining of sister chromatid ...
Burkholder G D - - 1983
To investigate a possible relationship between the core-like structures seen in silver-stained chromosomes (prepared by standard cytogenetic methods) and the scaffolds observed in histone-depleted chromosomes, the ability of the scaffold to stain with silver has been examined. Isolated chromosomes were histone-depleted by washing in ammonium acetate or by spreading the ...
Bainbridge D R - - 1983
Counterstaining with the chromosomal dye Hoechst 33258 is a simple procedure that provides an excellent general purpose nuclear counterstain for immunofluorescent work. Benefits from its use include the ready identification and orientation of structures, differentiation of lymphoid and non-lymphoid cells and easy assessment of frequency in specifically labelled cellular subpopulations. ...
Handsfield H H - - 1983
Treponema pallidum was demonstrated in a cutaneous, tertiary syphilitic lesion by indirect immunofluorescence microscopy, but not by darkfield microscopy illumination or silver stain. The numerous organisms observed by this method may help explain the histologically vigorous tissue reaction in tertiary syphilis, despite the scarcity of organisms demonstrable by other methods.
Fantes J A - - 1983
A method of producing an enriched sample of human Y chromosomes from peripheral blood lymphocytes is described. Metaphase chromosomes were prepared from peripheral blood lymphocytes donated by 17 normal male individuals. A suspension of chromosomes in a polyamine buffer was produced from each sample, stained with the fluorescent dye Hoechst ...
Southern J A - - 1983
A method is described for the preparation of foetal calf serum from blood drawn by heart puncture from calf foetuses obtained from a local municipal abattoir. This method differs from that previously described in that the Seitz Supra EK filter pads used in preliminary purification steps have been abandoned. These ...
Lichtenberger M J - - 1983
Staining G-bands of chromosomes can be carried out in 2 1/2 minutes using a mixture of Giemsa solution with a special diluting preparation. The staining is completely reversible without any damage to the chromosomes. Moreover, an improved method for staining Q-bands with atebrin and mounting the preparation in sucrose is ...
McEwen B F - - 1983
Zinc-induced tubulin sheets without microtubule-associated proteins (MAPs) were assembled from tubulin purified by phosphocellulose chromatography. Large, open sheets were obtained in five-minute incubations at pH 5.7. Electron micrographs of negatively stained sheets showed a protofilament arrangement similar to that observed for zinc-induced sheets with MAPs but with altered lattice parameters. ...
Morin-Faure J - - 1983
The reaction of cis-dichlorodiamino platinum (cis-Pt) with the human metaphase chromosome was studied using both Giemsa staining and the action of anti-cis-Pt antibody. Two kinds of experiment were performed: (1) cis-Pt was placed in contact with cells in culture (in vivo tests), (2) cis-Pt was placed in contact with chromosomes ...
Morton C C - - 1983
The stain intensity of the nucleolus organizer regions (NORs) of acrocentric chromosomes was correlated positively with incorporation of [3H]uridine into 18S rRNA and 28S rRNA from cultured diploid human skin fibroblasts. An analysis of these data from twins by a path model indicated that no other common genetic or environmental ...
Mezzanotte R - - 1983
Human cytological preparations have been digested with Alu I restriction endonuclease (Endo R Alu I) and subsequently stained with acridine orange. Metaphase chromosomes treated in this way revealed a clear-cut bright/ dull longitudinal differentiation. It has been postulated that these cytological findings could be related to the selective digestion, by ...
Bijman J T - - 1983
Metaphase chromosomes from Chinese hamster V-79 cells have been stained with propidium iodide and their DNA content was measured by flow cytometry. The chromosomes in suspension must be stabilized during the preparation to preserve their morphological integrity. In order to obtain high resolution in the flow karyotype, several modifications were ...
Murata M - - 1983
The air drying technique used in mammalian cytology was applied to isolated plant protoplasts for study of chromosomes. For cultured celery cells, this technique resulted in good spreads of metaphase chromosomes with high resolution. Mitotic chromosomes of Brassica species are relatively small, poor stained by common stains, and difficult to ...
Madura J A - - 1983
A new technique has been described that permits easy location of the rectal stump at the time of colostomy closure for the Hartmann procedure. The routine use of a polypropylene (Prolene) suture to define the location of the rectal stump eliminates tedious pelvis dissection, which could injure the ureter or ...
Gold J R - - 1983
Refinements to a simple, one-step silver staining technique for nucleolar organizing regions are described. These include fixation of silver stained material with sodium thiosulfate and standardization of silver development conditions for different groups of vertebrates. The central advantages to the method are that it is rapid, reliable, simple, and inexpensive. ...
< 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 >