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Results 351 - 400 of 658
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Santos J L - - 1989
The possible existence of chiasma terminalization in the grasshopper Chorthippus jucundus was tested in four males by means of comparisons between chiasma locations at diplotene and metaphase I within L3, M4 and M5 bivalents. Diplotene cells were stained by a C-banding technique to recognize heterochromatic regions, especially the centromeric ones, ...
Haaf T - - 1989
The aromatic diamidine berenil specifically inhibits the condensation of a subset of constitutive heterochromatin in human lymphocyte cultures. In the normal male chromosome complement, only the quinacrine-brilliant Y heterochromatin exhibits distinct undercondensation. The optimal culture conditions for inhibiting heterochromatin condensation are achieved when berenil is added at a final concentration ...
Sumner A T - - 1989
Osmium impregnation techniques have become useful for imparting conductivity to tissue specimens for SEM, thereby avoiding coating with gold or other metals. Such techniques have been developed to produce aesthetically pleasing images of mammalian (particularly human) chromosomes prepared by standard cytogenetical methods which use methanol-acetic acid fixation. The present study ...
Macera M J - - 1989
The recent advent of banding techniques has facilitated the identification of human chromosomal abnormalities in neoplasias. Utilization of a single technique for the identification of marker chromosomes has caused ambiguity because staining profiles overlap with many other chromosomal regions in the human genome. Thus, the implication of DA/DAPI technique in ...
Gomez J T - - 1988
We assessed the comparative sensitivities of acridine orange and Gram stains in the examination of corneal scrapings using an experimental model of Pseudomonas aeruginosa keratitis. Acridine orange was more sensitive than Gram stain, requiring concentrations of about 10(4) colony-forming units/mg of corneal tissue compared to approximately 10(5) colony-forming units/mg. Our ...
Hirai H - - 1988
The identification of nucleolus organizer regions (NORs) and the qualitative description of silver nitrate staining patterns in spermatogenesis of Paragonimus ohirai are herein reported. The NORs of P. ohirai are located on the short arm of chromosome 4 and are associated with a large amount of constitutive heterochromatin. Silver (Ag) ...
Day D W - - 1988
Direct chromosome preparations of neonatal cord blood provides the unique opportunity for rapid chromosome analysis (turnaround time; 6 hr), without the necessity of bone marrow aspiration. Based on 42 samples we confirm the finding of Garnham and Sutherland [1987] for suitability of cord blood for direct chromosome preparation. Procedural modifications ...
Madan E - - 1988
Campylobacter pylori has been implicated in the pathogenesis of peptide ulcer disease. The rapid identification of this organism may depend upon histologic diagnosis, because culture methods are complex and require a minimum of seven days in order to identify a negative specimen. The purpose of this study was to determine ...
Chattopadhyay D - - 1988
A rapid method for banding plant chromosomes using hydrochloric acid with orcein is suggested. The technique has been successful in both dioecious and monoecious families with short chromosomes. It involves pretreatment with an oxyquinoline-paradichlorobenzene mixture, fixation in acetic ethanol and treatment with hydrochloric acid at 60 C followed by staining ...
Lowe D G - - 1988
Large amounts of metallic silver pigment were found in 10 cervical biopsy specimens taken for the histological grading of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN). The assessment of CIN was made much harder because the pigment obscured the morphological detail of the epithelial cells, and in some it was very difficult to ...
Sasaki H - - 1988
Chromosomes, which can be seen under a light microscope (LM) as bands, are too thin to see with a scanning electron microscope (SEM). We noticed that chromosomes increase in thickness with Giemsa staining, so that scanning microscopic specimens could be prepared by long-time Giemsa staining for SEM observation, and in ...
Smith P J - - 1988
With increasing interest being shown in nucleolar organizer regions (NORs) in pathology, it was considered of great importance to evaluate the effect of some of the more commonly used and more specialized fixatives on the demonstration of these moieties. NORs can be demonstrated in paraffin sections by a silver technique ...
van den Engh G - - 1988
The resolution of bivariate flow karyotypes of human chromosomes stained with Hoechst 33258 and chromomycin A3 can be increased by adding sodium citrate and sodium sulfite to the chromosomes shortly before measurement. A flow karyotype of a patient with chronic myelocytic leukemia is shown to illustrate that the addition of ...
Hittelman W N - - 1988
In this paper we report a combination of procedures that serve to improve the usefulness of the technique of premature chromosome condensation in cytogenetic investigations. The mitotic inducer population was preincubated in high concentrations of BrdU, and the duration of fusion was increased to yield more discrete prematurely condensed chromosomes ...
Weiss J S - - 1988
To determine the diagnostic usefulness of routine staining of corneal buttons with alcian blue, we evaluated 150 consecutive corneal specimens with hematoxylin and eosin and alcian blue stains. Overall, 67% of specimens demonstrated deposition of acid mucopolysaccharide. More specifically, positive alcian blue staining was observed in 88% of specimens with ...
Dhaliwal M K - - 1988
Silver staining of cells in metaphase and interphase nuclei of both sexes of the Bennett wallaby, Macropus rufogriseus, has shown that (1) the nucleolus organizer region (NOR) is located only on the X chromosome (single Ag-NOR); (2) both X chromosomes in the female cells stain with silver; (3) the amounts ...
Gutiérrez-Gonzálvez M G - - 1988
We studied the effectiveness of harmine as a substitute for 33258 Hoechst in the fluorescence-plus-Giemsa technique, using Allium cepa chromosomes after 5-bromo-2'-deoxyuridine (BrdU) incorporation. Harmine showed a photosensitizing capacity which was somewhat higher than 33258 Hoechst and used half of the time established for the usual treatment.
Bowling A T - - 1988
A fourth allele at the horse erythrocyte phosphohexose isomerase (Phi) locus was proposed to account for phenotypes observed after starch gel electrophoresis and enzymatic staining of red cell lysates from American Saddlebred and Tennessee Walking Horse breeds. The gene was rare, having an estimated frequency of 0.009 in 949 Saddlebreds ...
Cerdán E - - 1988
Denaturation and posterior renaturation of metaphase chromosomes after different treatments were tested by acridine orange staining. A relationship between conservation of ultrastructure and the capacity to renature was discovered. Amyl acetate, commonly used in electron microscopy to fix chromosomes, avoids the action of denaturing agents and this effect is not ...
Kopp E - - 1988
The expression of nucleolus organizer region (NOR) activity in diploid cells was investigated in a model mammalian hybrid system, the hinny (female ass x male horse), by sequential Ag-NOR and chromomycin A3/distamycin A/DAPI (CDD) staining ion lectin-stimulated peripheral blood lymphocytes. In the majority of cases we found non-expression of the ...
Mayr B - - 1987
Ag-NOR staining and a counterstain-enhanced fluorescence technique (chromomycin A3/distamycin A/DAPI staining = CDD-method) have been applied to ibex (Capra ibex L.), chamois (Rupicapra rupicapra L.) and bison (Bison bison L.) chromosomes. Chromomycin A3 visualization led to a well defined R-banding pattern along the chromosome arms and to a clear demonstration ...
Pittman S - - 1987
A method is described for visualising chromosome-mediated gene transfer (CMGT) by detecting chromosomes labelled with bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) using a monoclonal antibody to BrdU. In this experiment, the CCRF-CEM T cell line was grown in the presence of BrdU and the labelled chromosomes were isolated and transfected into human embryonic fibroblasts. ...
Conia J - - 1987
A method to obtain a high metaphase index and thereafter a plant chromosome suspension is described for Petunia hybrida (2n = 14). Mesophyll protoplast cultures have been used, giving easily disrupted cell walls and a high percentage of dividing cells after 42 h. On 2.5 mM colchicine-treated cells, metaphase indexes ...
Cherry L M - - 1987
Antikinetochore immunofluorescence staining has been used in several studies to determine whether a second kinetochore is present, active, or both, in multicentric chromosomes. All of these studies have used tissue culture cells, and contended with the problem of obtaining well spread, banded metaphase chromosomes without affecting the kinetochore staining. We ...
Chen R - - 1987
The efficiency of each of two methods for monitoring the occurrence of a rare event, the cusum, carried out monthly, and the sets techniques, was assessed by use of simulated datasets. The monthly cusum parameters used in this study were those recommended for monitoring of birth defects in a monthly ...
Jongedijk E - - 1987
A simple enzyme squash technique that enables detailed studies of meiosis in potato ovules has been developed. Fixation of ovules in iron-propionic-ethanol followed by enzymatic maceration and squashing in acetocarmine yielded numerous well preserved megasporocytes with nicely spread chromosomes. Resolution was sufficient, allowing detailed analysis of chromosome pairing and chiasma ...
Fredga K - - 1987
Chromosome preparations of high quality can be obtained from bone marrow cells of small mammals that have been dead for 20 hr or longer. The bone marrow is rinsed out of the femurs with RPMI medium supplemented with 15% fetal calf serum. Add 0.05-0.1 ml of a 0.01% colchicine solution ...
Wurster-Hill D H - - 1987
The G-banded karyotype of the Iriomote cat, Felis iriomotensis, was found to be indistinguishable from that of F. bengalensis, F. viverrinus, and F. concolor. The karyotype of these four cats is, however, distinguishable from karyotypes of all other species of cats whose chromosomes have been studied. Silver-staining showed nucleolar organizing ...
Lomholt B E - - 1987
The effect of pH on silver staining of the nucleolus organizer regions (NORs) of human chromosomes has been investigated between pH 6.5 and 12.0. Nonvolatile mixtures of ethanolamine and ethanolammonium nitrate replaced the ammonia of standard procedures. The optimal NOR staining obtained at pH 3.5 by the silver staining procedure ...
Lebo R V - - 1987
A high-resolution triple-laser sorter was designed and constructed to provide flexible switchover and high-resolution sorting of cells or chromosomes with any combination of one, two, or three lasers. These features provide a central facility instrument that currently serves multiple users and analyzes different stain combinations with minimal switchover effort between ...
Weier H U - - 1987
A data acquisition system is described for recording two independent signals simultaneously from a laser-based flow cytometer for rapid slit-scan chromosome analysis. High-aperture microscope optics allow recording of fluorescence distributions along the longest axis of metaphase chromosomes with a spatial resolution better than 1 micron. Fluorescence and small angle forward ...
Aten J A - - 1987
A number of structurally unrelated DNA intercalators have been studied as stabilizers of mitotic chromosomes during isolation from rodent and human metaphase cells. Seven out of the nine intercalators tested were found to be useful as chromosome stabilizing agents. Chromosome suspensions prepared in this way could be preserved for long ...
Ploton D - - 1987
The aim of the present work was to study the distribution and the behaviour of the silver-staining nucleolar organizer region (Ag-NOR) proteins at the ultrastructural level during interphase and mitosis in five human and murine cancerous cell lines each characterized by a typical nucleolar morphology. During interphase the Ag-NOR proteins ...
Lebo R V - - 1986
Our custom dual laser chromosome sorter has been used to characterize and isolate metaphase human chromosomes rapidly for gene mapping purposes. Herein, we tested how well this system could detect unknown abnormal human chromosome constitutions. These results were compared to those of conventional cytogenetic analyses by banding and photomicrography. The ...
Mayr B - - 1986
Sequential staining with a counterstain-contrasted fluorescent banding technique (chromomycin A3-distamycin A-DAPI) revealed the occurrence of distamycin A-4,6-diamidino-2-phenylindole (DA-DAPI) staining heterochromatin in the centromeric regions of chromosomes 33, 36, 37, and 38 in the wolf (Canis lupus pallipes) and of chromosomes 13, 16, and 23 in the blue fox (Alopex lagopus). ...
Babu A - - 1986
We suggest that the short arms of human chromosome 15 (15p) exhibit intensity heteromorphisms by DA/DAPI technique. A method for classification of variable intensities is proposed. The different intensities can be classified into at least five classes. They are: negative, pale, medium, intense, and brilliant. Therefore we suggest that 15p ...
Dietrich A J - - 1986
It is well known that there is a strong influence of fixation, i.e., acetic methanol versus formaldehyde, on the chromosome morphology at stages of the first meiotic division. In this study the influence of both these types of fixation on the morphology of mitotic chromosomes was examined in human lymphocytes. ...
Finnon P - - 1986
The Cytoscan 110 metaphase finder has been tested with cultures of human peripheral blood lymphocytes prior to its introduction into routine use for the analysis of radiation-induced chromosomal damage. Cells of varying quality and density of distribution on slides, stained with orcein or Giemsa, were examined by the same technician ...
Babu A - - 1986
The staining property of pericentromeric heterochromatin of chromosome 18 is compared by C-banding and restriction endonuclease AluI digestion methods. Only a small distal fraction of C-band of chromosome 18 is observed to be resistant to AluI treatment, which positively stained with subsequent Giemsa staining. The resistant fraction is characteristic and ...
Verma R S - - 1986
A possible cause of non-disjunction of chromosome 21 in Down Syndromes has been cytogenetically evaluated by examining the parents by Ag-staining technique. In all the cases studied so far, the contributing parents have active ribosomal cistrons on both chromosomes 21 i.e. both chromosomes are stained positively by silver staining. These ...
Vogel W - - 1986
We have shown that a commercially available antibody allows the demonstration of bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) incorporation into mammalian chromosomes by the typical immunologic staining techniques. The replication patterns obtained are comparable to those after BrdU-incorporation and FPG-staining, though with reversed staining specificity. The quality of the patterns equals that of commonly ...
Kovacs G - - 1986
Cytogenetical analysis of bone marrow and peripheral blood cells in a case of erythroleukaemia revealed a complex karyotype with a stemline of 44 chromosomes. 1 marker chromosome bearing a homogeneously staining region (hsr) was found in each of the aneuploid cells examined. The hsr was localised to the chromosome regions ...
Nielsen P B - - 1986
An assessment of the Gram, the Methylene blue, and the Ziehl-Neelsen procedures in diagnosing Pneumocystis carinii has been performed. By using heat and methanol as fixatives and phase-contrast microscopy we found the procedures valuable in detecting the pneumocysts, especially in the Gram staining. The diagnosis should, however, be confirmed by ...
Kopp E - - 1986
The expression of nucleolus organizer activity in diploid cells was investigated in a model system for mammalian hybrids, the horse-ass cross (mule), by means of sequential Ag-NOR and chromomycin A3/distamycin A-DAPI (CDD) staining in lectin-stimulated peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBL). As a rule we found species-specific non-expression of the horse-derived NOR ...
Babu A - - 1986
The constitutive heterochromatin of the Indian muntjac (Muntiacus muntjak) was examined following digestion with various restriction endonucleases (AluI, HaeIII, HinfI, and MboI), as well as by selective fluorescence staining with distamycin A plus 4'-6-diamidino-2-phenylindole. Distinct areas within the C-bands were found to have characteristic staining patterns which were more conspicuous ...
Vanni R - - 1986
Sequential staining with Giemsa and quinacrine mustard on direct cytogenetic preparations was employed to characterize the karyotype of five bladder tumors of different stage and grade (TNM classification). The use of QFQ-banding allowed: the characterization of 2 euploid and 1 pseudodiploid cases, and the identification, in the two hyperdiploid cases, ...
Ferrucci L - - 1986
DA-DAPI counterstaining is a technique which reveals the heterochromatic areas of chromosomes 1, 9, 15, 16 and Y in humans; a result which may be related to the peculiar characteristics of these chromosomal regions, particularly regarding their DNA content. The present report describes a different DA-DAPI stain reaction. Obtained under ...
Kido A - - 1986
The polymorphism of alpha-L-fucosidase (Fu) was investigated in a Japanese population from samples of placentae and semen, using isoelectric focusing. The gene frequencies of placental types were Fu1 = 0.748 and Fu2 = 0.252, and those of seminal types were Fu1 = 0.739 and Fu2 = 0.261. The coincidence in ...
van den Engh G J - - 1986
The interactions and binding characteristics of DNA dyes used in the flow cytometric analysis of chromatin were studied using human chromosomes and mouse thymocyte nuclei. The kinetics of dye binding and the relationship between fluorescence intensity and dye concentration are presented. Under the conditions used, Hoechst 33258, propidium iodide and ...
Schmid M - - 1986
The chromosomes of the gorilla were extensively studied with various staining techniques labeling the different classes of heterochromatin. The chromosomal distribution of distamycin A/DAPI-, D287/170-, quinacrine-, and chromomycin A3-positive heterochromatic regions, as well as the nucleolus organizer regions, is described and compared with the karyotypes of other hominoid species. Lymphocyte ...
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