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Results 301 - 350 of 635
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Vitturi R - - 1991
Chromosome numbers of the snail Helicella virgata from the fields of Castellammare del Golfo (Sicily) are n = 26 and 2n = 52. Silver-staining analyses of testicular cells suggest that both mitotic and meiotic chromosomes are involved in nucleolus organization. A within-individual variability in NOR-banding pattern is present in each ...
Wang Q - - 1991
A novel staining method for simultaneously determining the immunophenotype and sex of peripheral lymphocytes is described. Cell surface markers on lymphocytes are identified using specific monoclonal antibodies located by a peroxidase anti-peroxidase staining technique (PAP). Lymphocytes are subsequently hybridised with a biotinylated Y chromosome-specific sequence probe and this is located ...
Klinkhardt M B - - 1991
Methods for preparing fish chromosomes are presented for comparison, and their differences and similarities are given in tabular form. Many of the seemingly new and improved methods are merely modifications of known techniques. Differences between the methods used to prepare slides complicate the direct comparison of results. The development of ...
Levy H P - - 1991
Flow cytometric chromosome sorting typically relies upon dual-laser, bivariate analysis after staining with two different base pair-specific dyes for resolution of chromosomes with similar DNA content. The availability of FITC-conjugated antibodies offers the possibility of single-laser bivariate analysis when combined with propidium iodide (PI) DNA staining, but requires exploitable antigenic ...
Stockert J C - - 1991
The stoichiometry of metachromatic staining of chromatin by toluidine blue was investigated in isolated metaphase chromosomes from L929 cells using X-ray microanalysis. Microspectrophotometric measurements revealed that a hypsochromic shift (from 595 to 570 nm) occurs in toluidine blue stained chromosomes in relation to the staining solution. Under the electron microscope, ...
Coghill G - - 1990
A new simple modification to the silver staining of nucleolar organiser regions (AgNORs) was devised which, by performing the incubation with the slide inverted, results in minimal undesirable background staining, a persistent problem. Inverted incubation is facilitated by the use of a commercially available plastic coverplate. This technique has several ...
McCluskey K - - 1990
Chromosome samples for pulsed-field electrophoresis have been prepared without first generating protoplasts. The technique involves treatment of intact, agarose-solidified cell material with protease in the presence of EDTA and SDS. Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Ustilago hordei, Tilletia caries, and T. controversa karyotypes are clearly resolved with this technique. Colonies of U. hordei ...
Speirs S - - 1990
Spontaneously cycling LT/Sv strain female mice were mated to hemizygous Rb(X.2)2Ad males in order to facilitate the distinction of the paternal X chromosome, and the pregnant females were autopsied at about midday on the tenth day of gestation. Out of a total of 222 analysable embryos recovered, 165 (74.3%) were ...
Gottfries J - - 1990
The ganglioside composition of six human medulloblastomas was analyzed. The characterization was performed by thin-layer chromatography, sialidase hydrolysis, and immunological staining with a panel of characterized antiganglioside monoclonal antibodies. The total ganglioside content ranged from 60 to 1,130 nmol of ganglioside sialic acid/g wet weight. Neuronal gangliosides (gangliotetraose series) were ...
Latos-Bielenska A - - 1990
The frequency and distribution of chiasmata and the nature of terminal "associations" was re-examined in Syrian hamster spermatocytes using the 5-bromo-2'-deoxyuridine (BrdU) antibody technique (BAT) for differential chromatid labelling. Differential chromatid substitution was achieved by BrdU incorporation at the penultimate pre-meiotic S-phase followed by one of three different staining protocols: ...
Del Castillo P P Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences, Autonomous University, Madrid, - - 1990
Metal-dye complexes are widely applied in light microscopic techniques for chromatin staining (e.g., hematoxylin and carmine), but fluorescent complexes between phosphate-binding cations and suitable ligands have been little used. Preformed and postformed Al complexes with different anionic dyes induced strong and selective fluorescence reactions in nuclei from chicken blood smears, ...
van Vliet L J - - 1990
In this article we describe Athena, a system that provides for semi-automated karyotyping of metaphase spreads. The system is based upon the Macintosh II computer. It uses software that is written entirely in C and consists of approximately 200 Kbytes of executable code. Athena provides automated segmentation of metaphase images ...
Nicola T - - 1990
A new external diversion technique of ileo-colonic content through an extraperitoneal cecostomy is presented. This technique avoids the draw back of the classical cecostomy: intraperitoneal leakage intestinal content, reoperation for closure the stoma. The procedure is simple, easily performed and efficient in protecting the colonic anastomosis, and diverting the ileo-colonic ...
Sola L - - 1990
Three populations of the North American cyprinodont fish Poecilia latipinna, considered to be one of the progenitor species of the gynogenetic unisexual P. formosa, were analyzed by C-banding and Ag-staining. C-bands were found to be polymorphic, and Ag-staining showed a high degree of variability in both the number and location ...
Naguro T - - 1990
The tannin-osmium conductive staining method was modified in order to observe chromosomal structures without metal coating. The treatment with tannic acid and OsO4, which has been used in aqueous solution in the original method, was performed in acetone solution after dehydration in the present study. The usefulness of this method ...
Arndt-Jovin D J - - 1990
The combination of multiple dye-DNA interactions, a fluorescence digital imaging system with a scientific CCD camera, and multivariate image analysis allows the rapid karyotyping of fluorescent human metaphase chromosome spreads. Chromosomes are stained with the bisbenzimidazole dye Hoechst 33342 and chromomycin A3, a dye pair used frequently in bivariate flow ...
Donovan J F - - 1989
We have used the intraluminal circular stapler to facilitate construction of the intestinal conduit stoma. We have encountered no complications related to the stapled stoma construction technique in 8 patients. The stoma is circular, uniform in size and is fitted easily with an appliance. The circular staple line provides a ...
Bernheim A - - 1989
The staining properties of AT-specific dyes Hoechst 33342 and DAPI as revealed by Hoechst 33342/mithramycin and mithramycin/DAPI bivariate human flow karyotype patterns are different for chromosomes rich in heterochromatin. The peak corresponding to chromosome Y of a given cell line is higher on the A/T axis with mithramycin/DAPI staining than ...
Zatsepina O V - - 1989
The chromosomal ultrastructure of Chinese hamster cells treated with 0.075 M KCl - a solution ordinarily used for making preparations of spread chromosomes - was studied. The hypotonic treatment was shown to result in differential decondensation of chromosomes which consists in the uneven distribution of deoxyribonucleoprotein (DNP) fibrils along chromatids. ...
Garg R K - - 1989
Fresh whole blood and bloodstains were analyzed by isoelectric focusing (IEF) to determine the C3 phenotype of the blood donor. Three common phenotypes exist as a result of two autosomal alleles. The three phenotypes can be identified in fresh serum or in serum samples which had been stored at -20 ...
Sudman P D - - 1989
Brief staining with AgNO3 was found to differentially stain the kinetochores of chromosomes from diakinesis - metaphase I and metaphase II nuclei of mammals. The results differ from those of Giemsa-stained or C-banded preparations as the silver-stained meiotic kinetochores are clearly distinguishable from both constitutive heterochromatin and euchromatin. Silver-staining is ...
Allen B S - - 1989
We report the localization of the gene for the human type 5, tartrate-resistant, iron-containing acid phosphatase isoenzyme (HGM designation ACP5) to chromosome 15 (15q22-q26) using the technique of in situ hybridization to metaphase chromosomes. We have localized this gene using peripheral blood chromosomes obtained from both a normal male and ...
Spinner N B - - 1989
Silver-stained chromosomes from 29 couples with a trisomy 21 offspring and from 25 control couples were studied to determine whether there was an association of nucleolar-organizing-region variants in parents of children with trisomy 21. A reproducible scoring system for the analysis of silver-stained chromosomes was developed, and this was applied ...
Abei M - - 1989
The products of three human glutathione S-transferase (RX:glutathione R-transferase, EC 2.5.1.18) (GST) loci (GST 1, GST 2 and GST 3) were purified and their immunohistochemical localization in liver was studied with special attention to the polymorphism of GST1 (neutral isozyme). The GST1 was homogeneously stained in cytoplasm of hepatocytes throughout ...
Gunn S J - - 1989
A new karyotypic procedure is described for tick chromosomes along with modifications of accepted techniques for C-banding and silver-staining. The staining procedures produce patterns with staining limited to the centromeric regions and the nucleolar organizer regions (NORs). The possible reasons for the concordant patterns are discussed based on the staining ...
Verheijen R - - 1989
In interphase cells the proliferation-associated antigen recognized by monoclonal antibody Ki-67 is almost exclusively located in the nucleoli. When cells at several stages of mitosis were examined for the localization of the Ki-67 antigen, a striking redistribution could be observed. During prophase the distinct nucleolar Ki-67 fluorescence changed to a ...
Mayr B - - 1989
Sequential staining with a counterstain-contrasted fluorescent R-banding technique (chromomycin A3/distamycin A-DAPI) followed by DAPI-actinomycin D-induced quinacrine-fluorescence-Hoechst 33258 (QFH)-type banding allowed the identification of quail chromosomes up to chromosome 19. The chromomycin A3-positive staining behavior of the W chromosome and of the heterochromatic areas of most microchromosomes indicated their GC-rich nature.
Santos J L - - 1989
The possible existence of chiasma terminalization in the grasshopper Chorthippus jucundus was tested in four males by means of comparisons between chiasma locations at diplotene and metaphase I within L3, M4 and M5 bivalents. Diplotene cells were stained by a C-banding technique to recognize heterochromatic regions, especially the centromeric ones, ...
Haaf T - - 1989
The aromatic diamidine berenil specifically inhibits the condensation of a subset of constitutive heterochromatin in human lymphocyte cultures. In the normal male chromosome complement, only the quinacrine-brilliant Y heterochromatin exhibits distinct undercondensation. The optimal culture conditions for inhibiting heterochromatin condensation are achieved when berenil is added at a final concentration ...
Sumner A T - - 1989
Osmium impregnation techniques have become useful for imparting conductivity to tissue specimens for SEM, thereby avoiding coating with gold or other metals. Such techniques have been developed to produce aesthetically pleasing images of mammalian (particularly human) chromosomes prepared by standard cytogenetical methods which use methanol-acetic acid fixation. The present study ...
Macera M J - - 1989
The recent advent of banding techniques has facilitated the identification of human chromosomal abnormalities in neoplasias. Utilization of a single technique for the identification of marker chromosomes has caused ambiguity because staining profiles overlap with many other chromosomal regions in the human genome. Thus, the implication of DA/DAPI technique in ...
Gomez J T - - 1988
We assessed the comparative sensitivities of acridine orange and Gram stains in the examination of corneal scrapings using an experimental model of Pseudomonas aeruginosa keratitis. Acridine orange was more sensitive than Gram stain, requiring concentrations of about 10(4) colony-forming units/mg of corneal tissue compared to approximately 10(5) colony-forming units/mg. Our ...
Hirai H - - 1988
The identification of nucleolus organizer regions (NORs) and the qualitative description of silver nitrate staining patterns in spermatogenesis of Paragonimus ohirai are herein reported. The NORs of P. ohirai are located on the short arm of chromosome 4 and are associated with a large amount of constitutive heterochromatin. Silver (Ag) ...
Day D W - - 1988
Direct chromosome preparations of neonatal cord blood provides the unique opportunity for rapid chromosome analysis (turnaround time; 6 hr), without the necessity of bone marrow aspiration. Based on 42 samples we confirm the finding of Garnham and Sutherland [1987] for suitability of cord blood for direct chromosome preparation. Procedural modifications ...
Madan E - - 1988
Campylobacter pylori has been implicated in the pathogenesis of peptide ulcer disease. The rapid identification of this organism may depend upon histologic diagnosis, because culture methods are complex and require a minimum of seven days in order to identify a negative specimen. The purpose of this study was to determine ...
Chattopadhyay D - - 1988
A rapid method for banding plant chromosomes using hydrochloric acid with orcein is suggested. The technique has been successful in both dioecious and monoecious families with short chromosomes. It involves pretreatment with an oxyquinoline-paradichlorobenzene mixture, fixation in acetic ethanol and treatment with hydrochloric acid at 60 C followed by staining ...
Lowe D G - - 1988
Large amounts of metallic silver pigment were found in 10 cervical biopsy specimens taken for the histological grading of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN). The assessment of CIN was made much harder because the pigment obscured the morphological detail of the epithelial cells, and in some it was very difficult to ...
Sasaki H - - 1988
Chromosomes, which can be seen under a light microscope (LM) as bands, are too thin to see with a scanning electron microscope (SEM). We noticed that chromosomes increase in thickness with Giemsa staining, so that scanning microscopic specimens could be prepared by long-time Giemsa staining for SEM observation, and in ...
Smith P J - - 1988
With increasing interest being shown in nucleolar organizer regions (NORs) in pathology, it was considered of great importance to evaluate the effect of some of the more commonly used and more specialized fixatives on the demonstration of these moieties. NORs can be demonstrated in paraffin sections by a silver technique ...
van den Engh G - - 1988
The resolution of bivariate flow karyotypes of human chromosomes stained with Hoechst 33258 and chromomycin A3 can be increased by adding sodium citrate and sodium sulfite to the chromosomes shortly before measurement. A flow karyotype of a patient with chronic myelocytic leukemia is shown to illustrate that the addition of ...
Hittelman W N - - 1988
In this paper we report a combination of procedures that serve to improve the usefulness of the technique of premature chromosome condensation in cytogenetic investigations. The mitotic inducer population was preincubated in high concentrations of BrdU, and the duration of fusion was increased to yield more discrete prematurely condensed chromosomes ...
Weiss J S - - 1988
To determine the diagnostic usefulness of routine staining of corneal buttons with alcian blue, we evaluated 150 consecutive corneal specimens with hematoxylin and eosin and alcian blue stains. Overall, 67% of specimens demonstrated deposition of acid mucopolysaccharide. More specifically, positive alcian blue staining was observed in 88% of specimens with ...
Dhaliwal M K - - 1988
Silver staining of cells in metaphase and interphase nuclei of both sexes of the Bennett wallaby, Macropus rufogriseus, has shown that (1) the nucleolus organizer region (NOR) is located only on the X chromosome (single Ag-NOR); (2) both X chromosomes in the female cells stain with silver; (3) the amounts ...
Gutiérrez-Gonzálvez M G - - 1988
We studied the effectiveness of harmine as a substitute for 33258 Hoechst in the fluorescence-plus-Giemsa technique, using Allium cepa chromosomes after 5-bromo-2'-deoxyuridine (BrdU) incorporation. Harmine showed a photosensitizing capacity which was somewhat higher than 33258 Hoechst and used half of the time established for the usual treatment.
Bowling A T - - 1988
A fourth allele at the horse erythrocyte phosphohexose isomerase (Phi) locus was proposed to account for phenotypes observed after starch gel electrophoresis and enzymatic staining of red cell lysates from American Saddlebred and Tennessee Walking Horse breeds. The gene was rare, having an estimated frequency of 0.009 in 949 Saddlebreds ...
Cerdán E - - 1988
Denaturation and posterior renaturation of metaphase chromosomes after different treatments were tested by acridine orange staining. A relationship between conservation of ultrastructure and the capacity to renature was discovered. Amyl acetate, commonly used in electron microscopy to fix chromosomes, avoids the action of denaturing agents and this effect is not ...
Kopp E - - 1988
The expression of nucleolus organizer region (NOR) activity in diploid cells was investigated in a model mammalian hybrid system, the hinny (female ass x male horse), by sequential Ag-NOR and chromomycin A3/distamycin A/DAPI (CDD) staining ion lectin-stimulated peripheral blood lymphocytes. In the majority of cases we found non-expression of the ...
Mayr B - - 1987
Ag-NOR staining and a counterstain-enhanced fluorescence technique (chromomycin A3/distamycin A/DAPI staining = CDD-method) have been applied to ibex (Capra ibex L.), chamois (Rupicapra rupicapra L.) and bison (Bison bison L.) chromosomes. Chromomycin A3 visualization led to a well defined R-banding pattern along the chromosome arms and to a clear demonstration ...
Pittman S - - 1987
A method is described for visualising chromosome-mediated gene transfer (CMGT) by detecting chromosomes labelled with bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) using a monoclonal antibody to BrdU. In this experiment, the CCRF-CEM T cell line was grown in the presence of BrdU and the labelled chromosomes were isolated and transfected into human embryonic fibroblasts. ...
Conia J - - 1987
A method to obtain a high metaphase index and thereafter a plant chromosome suspension is described for Petunia hybrida (2n = 14). Mesophyll protoplast cultures have been used, giving easily disrupted cell walls and a high percentage of dividing cells after 42 h. On 2.5 mM colchicine-treated cells, metaphase indexes ...
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