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Results 251 - 300 of 663
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Edelman J R - - 2000
Previous investigations in which metaphase plates of cells in rapid division were incubated in phosphate buffer at high temperature revealed numerous heterochromatic dots in chromosomes after Giemsa staining. In contrast, chromosomes from cells with a reduced capacity for reproduction were devoid of such dots, or the dots were sloughed-off into ...
Maistro E L - - 2000
The chromosome complement of a local population of Astyanax scabripinnis in Brazil was investigated with emphasis on the study of the heterochromatin attached to the A-chromosomes and present in the macro B-chromosome. Analysis after C-banding, silver and CMA3 staining, incorporation of 5-bromo-2'-deoxyuridine and chromosome digestion with nine restriction endonucleases revealed ...
Andras S C - - 2000
This paper presents a preparative and staining procedure for plant mitotic chromosomes that uses a combination of PI (propidium iodide) and DAPI (4',6-diamidino-2-phenylindol) and which reveals a pattern of high-affinity regions for these fluorochromes. Nucleolar organiser regions (NORs), telomeres and centromeric regions exhibit high PI affinity (red), whereas other chromosomal ...
Pereira L G - - 2000
The constitutive heterochromatin (CH) of Phaeoparia megacephala was studied using C-banding and fluorochrome staining (CMA3, DAPI and acridine orange). The nucleolar organizer regions (NOR) were identified with silver staining. The chromosome complement of this species was 2n = 23, XO in males, and 2n = 24, XX in females. The ...
Maistro E L - - 2000
Different cytogenetic techniques were used to analyse the chromosomes of Prochilodus lineatus with the main objective of comparing the base composition of A- and B-chromosomes. The results of digestion of chromosomes with 10 different restriction endonucleases (REs), silver staining, CMA3 staining and C-banding indicated the existence of different classes of ...
Héliot L - - 2000
The metaphase nucleolar organizer regions (NORs) contain ribosomal genes associated with proteins such as upstream binding factor (UBF) and RNA polymerase I (RPI). These genes are clustered in 10 loci of the human acrocentric chromosomes (13, 14, 15, 21, and 22). Some NOR-associated proteins, termed AgNOR proteins, can be specifically ...
Kanayama K - - 2000
Unfertilized eggs showing abnormal cleavage are ovulated with repeated induction of super-ovulation. In this study, the presence or absence of the nucleus was examined in segmented blastomeres of these unfertilized eggs using Hoechst dye. Unfertilized eggs showing a morula stage-like cleavage obtained by repeated superovulation 4 times using PMSG/hCG were ...
Jitpakdi A - - 1999
The screening of 10 plant species (Aloe barbadensis Mill., Asparagus officinalis L., As. plumosus Bak., As. racemosus Willd., As. sprengeri Regel, Codyline fruticosa Goppert, Dracaena loureiri Gagnep., Gloriosa superba L., Hemerocallis flava L., and Sansevieria cylindrica Bojer) for colchicine-like substance(s) using a mosquito cytogenetic assay revealed that a 1% solution ...
Kadhim M A - - 1999
A robust method for obtaining chromosome preparations from individual haemopoietic colonies in semi-solid media is described. The accumulation of metaphases and the hypotonic treatment of cells were carried out in the culture dish and individual colonies were transferred onto poly-L-lysine-treated slides and fixed stepwise prior to staining. The technique produced ...
Kato A - - 1999
Nitrous oxide (N2O), colchicine, trifluralin, amiprophos-methyl, 8-hydroxyquinoline, and temperature pretreatments (cold and cold-hot-cold) were compared for chromosome counting in maize (Zea mays L.). Pretreated root tips were prepared by enzymatic maceration and air drying, and the number of countable figures and mitotic indexes were recorded. N2O treatment at 10 atm ...
Andras S C - - 1999
A preparation technique has been developed for plants with small chromosomes, which produces large numbers of good-quality mitotic preparations. The technique employs a hydrochloric acid treatment to hydrolyse the cytoplasm, facilitating the subsequent removal of cytoplasmic debris. The evaporative force of a methanol-based fixative is exploited to disperse the cytoplasm ...
Vitturi R - - 1999
Mitotic metaphase chromosomes of the scarab beetle Thorectes intermedius (Costa) (Coleoptera Scarabaeoidea: Geotrupidae) were analyzed using various banding methods and fluorescent in-situ hybridization (FISH) with a ribosomal probe. The results obtained indicate that silver and CMA3 staining are unable to localize the chromosome sites of nucleolar organizer regions (NORs). Such ...
Lourenço L B - - 1998
The nucleolus organizer regions (NORs) of both karyotypes I and II of Physalaemus petersi (Jiménez de la Espada, 1872) from the Brazilian Amazon were studied by Giemsa staining, and by the Ag-NOR method. Karyological group I specimens were also studied by the fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) technique. Multiple NOR-bearing ...
Stein C K - - 1998
Giemsa-11 or G-11 is a specialized staining technique utilized to (1) differentiate heterochromatic regions of human chromosomes, (2) identify the presence of human chromosomes in human-rodent hybrid cells, and (3) identify human-rodent translocation products in hybrid cells. Earlier procedures, though useful, are problematic and may fail to yield results due ...
Kokalj-Vokac N - - 1998
DNA methylation level and pattern of human metaphase chromosomes from extraembryonic tissues (chorionic villi and placental fibroblasts) were analysed in situ. The DNA methylation global level of these tissues was studied by comparing them with the one observed in fetal fibroblasts and adult lymphocytes. In order to assess the tissue ...
Chana H - - 1998
This paper describes an unusual clinical report of degradation of an endodontic silver point within the root canal of a lower right first premolar. Its apical portion was found to be degrading and at one stage a small portion became separated from its main body and was displaced apically. The ...
Fujii M T - - 1998
The aceto-iron hematoxylin method of Wittmann for algal chromosomes was improved by replacing the chloral hydrate and slide heating steps with 5 N HCl hydrolysis. Squashing of the unstained material under the coverslip followed by coverslip removal and air drying allowed rapid and more homogeneous staining. Additional procedures were developed ...
Fernández-García J L - - 1998
In order to elucidate the structural chromosome organization of the heterochromatic regions in sheep, we have used C-banding, silver-staining, sequential CDD technique and restriction endonuclease banding. By these banding techniques we obtained four fractions of repetitive DNA, the autosomal fractions A and B, the C fraction in the X chromosome, ...
Wachira, F.N.
Nucleoli and Nucleolus regions (NORs) in diploid, triploid and tetraploid tea (Camellia sinensis L.) were stained using a simplified technique of silver staining based on the colloidal two-stage method. Nucleoli were visualised in interphase nuclei as black spots against a yellow background. The mode of nucleolar number corresponded to multiples ...
d'Onofrio G - - 1997
The Abbott Cell Dyn 4000 (CD4000) is the first haematology analyser in which fully-automated reticulocyte measurements can be routinely determined by fluorescence as part of the full blood count. This communication reports the first evaluation of this method which was undertaken by three independent reference laboratories in Belgium, Germany and ...
Barzotti R - - 1997
Asellus aquaticus is an isopod crustacean whose chromosomes cannot be differentiated by G- or R-banding techniques. In this work, we have obtained a longitudinal differentiation of these chromosomes by in situ nick translation using restriction enzymes (HaeIII, DraI and BamHI) and DNase I digestions. The four nucleases, with different efficiencies, ...
Casartelli G G Environmental Tumours Center-Mutagenesis Laboratory, National Institute for Research on Cancer, Genoa, - - 1997
To evaluate the influence of methodologic variables, staining method and sampling, on the frequency of micronuclei scored in squamous epithelial cells of oral mucosa. Micronuclei were used as biomarkers of structural and numerical chromosome damage. Feulgen and Giemsa stain and fluorescent dyes Hoechst 33258 and propidium iodide were used for ...
Kato A - - 1997
An improved method for counting chromosomes in maize (Zea mays L.) is presented. Application of cold treatment (5C, 24 hr), heat treatment (42 C, 5 min) and a second cold treatment (5C, 24 hr) to root tips before fixation increased the number of condensed and dispersed countable metaphase chromosome figures. ...
Rogatcheva M B - - 1997
The genes for major ribosomal RNA were localized on chromosomes 5pter-p15, 9q64-qter, and 13q38-qter of the house musk shrew, Suncus murinus (Insectivora, Soricidae) by silver staining of mitotic metaphase and meiotic pachytene spreads and fluorescence in situ hybridization using the human 28S-RNA genes as a probe to mitotic metaphase spreads. ...
Rossi A R - - 1997
A cytogenetic investigation was carried out on specimens of Liza ramada, a mugilid species common in the Mediterranean sea. The analysis of chromosomes was performed through Ag-staining, C-banding, chromomycin A3 and DAPI staining, and fluorescent in situ hybridization with ribosomal genes. The results obtained are discussed with respect to cytotaxonomic ...
Lorite P - - 1997
This study analyses the NORs of Tapinoma nigerrimum, a species that, as known from previous studies, has various chromosomes which carry a NOR site. The analysis was made by a combination of three methods: silver nitrate staining, in situ hybridization with fluorescein-or digoxigenin-labelled probes, and staining with the CG-specific fluorochrome ...
Obara Y - - 1997
The small Japanese field mouse Apodemus argenteus has the diploid chromosome number of 46, carrying rather large centromeric C-heterochromatin in most of the 44 autosomes and a large amount of C-heterochromatin in the sex chromosomes: the largest subtelocentric X was heterochromatic in almost two-fifth (whole short arm and proximal part ...
Rajwanshi P - - 1997
Studies were conducted in order to assess the level of aluminium (Al) in samples of Indian tea, coffee, toothpaste, paan masala (mouth freshener) and baking powder. Leaching of Al from cookware while preparing tea and coffee was also studied. Experiments were also conducted to study the sequential leaching of Al ...
Sittel C - - 1997
Whole organ serial sections of the larynx are recognized to improve the assessment of laryngeal pathology. The human larynx with its complex anatomy of different types of tissue with their marked differences in hardness complicate the cutting process. The methods established are either very costly, time consuming and prone to ...
Yadav J S - - 1997
The sex chromosomes of Murrah buffalo and Sahiwal cattle (females) were studied for R-banding patterns. A short term whole blood culture method was used for obtaining metaphase chromosomes. The R-banding method using 5-bromo-2'-deoxyuridine (BrdU), the fluorescent 33258 Hoechst stain followed by blue-black light exposure and Giemsa staining (RB-FPG) was applied ...
Bourgeois C A - - 1996
We investigated the possibilities of using scanning ion analytical microscopy (SIAM) to detect bromine in human metaphase chromosomes. The experiments were performed after incorporation of the thymidine analogue, 5-bromo-2'-deoxyuridine (BrdU), into the DNA or by in situ hybridization of a BrdU-labelled probe for the subcentromeric repeated DNA sequences. The possibilities ...
Iamaroon A - - 1996
Tissue remodelling is an important feature during embryogenesis. Although the matrix metalloproteinases are believed to participate in these processes, the relation between matrix metalloproteinases and tissue remodelling during craniofacial morphogenesis remains unclear. The purpose of the study was to look for the presence of enzymes involved in extracellular matrix degradation ...
Timmerman-Vaughan G M - - 1996
Quantitative trait loci (QTLs) affecting seed weight in pea (Pisum sativum L.) were mapped using two populations, a field-grown F2 progeny of a cross between two cultivated types ('Primo' and 'OSU442-15') and glasshouse-grown single-seed-descent recombinant inbred lines (RILs) from a wide cross between a P. sativum ssp. sativum line ('Slow') ...
Lhotta K - - 1996
BACKGROUND: Complement C4 is a component of the classical complement pathway, which is a major mediator of inflammation in many forms of glomerulonephritis. The two isoforms of C4-C4A and C4B-differ in their physicochemical and functional properties. METHODS: The glomerular deposition of C4A and C4B was investigated in 39 cases of ...
Barzotti R - - 1996
In the present investigation chromosomal preparations of Asellus aquaticus were sequentially stained with chromomycin A3 to reveal the heterochromatic areas, hybridized in situ with rDNA probes in order to map the ribosomal genes and finally silver stained to check the transcriptional activity of these genes. The results indicate the existence ...
Stepanov S I - - 1996
As the study of metaphase chromosomes with flow cytometry presupposes mixing all chromosomes from many cells before analysis, important information is lost. To overcome this limitation we have developed a novel cell-oriented flow cytometric method for chromosome analysis. A flow cytometer supplied with a special device for disruption of metaphase ...
Cox N H - - 1996
A 40-year-old woman developed a persistent pruritus with erythema of the head and upper trunk, which started within 2 weeks of a hydroxyethylstarch (HES) infusion and was still present 2 years later. Histological examination demonstrated a striking dermal infiltrate of KP1-positive foamy macrophages which had electron-lucent vacuoles. The timing of ...
Edelman J R - - 1996
Regenerating planaria were treated with colchicine dissolved in planarian saline solution in order to harvest metaphase chromosomes. Slides containing such chromosomes were incubated in phosphate buffer at high temperature for 2h and stained with Giemsa solution in order to view heterochromatic dots in chromosomes. The chromosomes were found to contain ...
Suja J A - - 1996
The ultrastructural distribution of the proteins responsible for the silver staining of NORs was analyzed on serial thin sections of preembedded silver-stained rat kangaroo PtK1 metaphase chromosomes. Our results show that the Ag-NOR proteins present a crescent-shaped distribution at the secondary constriction of each chromatid. Moreover, in some cases the ...
Sumner A T - - 1996
Although much information about chromosome structure and behaviour has been obtained using light microscopy, greater resolution is needed for a thorough understanding of chromosome organisation. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) can provide valuable data about these three-dimensional organelles. The introduction of methods using osmium impregnation of methanol-acetic acid-fixed chromosome spreads revolutionised ...
Jin L - - 1995
The localization of heavy metals in normal mouse skin was investigated light microscopically using the Neo-Timm staining method. Positive staining was found in the horny layer of epidermis, connective tissue of dermis and in hair roots. Chelation of heavy metals by pretreatment with diethyldithiocarbamate prevented this staining. The study demonstrates ...
Galetti P M PM - - 1995
Silver nitrate staining, a rapid and efficient method, has proven to be excellent for nucleolar organizing region (NOR) studies in fish. Some fish appear to have only two NOR-bearing chromosomes in their karyotype, whereas others probably have several. In the present study we analyzed the NORs of Leporinus friderici, a ...
Sánchez A - - 1995
Hedgehogs belong to one of the several mammalian taxa in which karyotype differences are based on variations in heterochromatin content. Furthermore, the number and location of nucleolar organizer regions (NORs) can also vary widely. In the present study these cytogenetic features were investigated in the Algerian hedgehog, Erinaceus (Aethechinus) algirus. ...
Hove M G - - 1995
A case of Rocky Mountain spotted fever complicated by gangrene of the extremities required amputation and showed persistent rickettsial infection in the margins of the gangrene at 5 and 7 weeks after onset of illness. Rickettsial organisms were demonstrated by immunoperoxidase staining in the viable endothelial cells in the ischemic ...
DiCiaula L L - - 1995
Fixation and staining of planaria can affect the interpretation of histopathological changes following their exposure to various agents. We assessed several fixation protocols with various stains in planaria to determine an optimal combination. Planaria were fixed in each of the following: 10% neutral buffered formalin, 2.5%, glutaraldehyde, Bouin's, Zenker's, 70% ...
Sudha T - - 1995
A mouse cell mutant, ts85, containing the temperature-sensitive ubiquitin-activating enzyme was arrested in G2 phase at the non-permissive temperature. In the arrested cells, azure C, a nucleolus-specific stain, revealed a U-shaped or ring-shaped arrangement of nucleolar lobes with an unstained region in the center. Silver staining of the nucleolar organizer ...
Huber R - - 1995
The efficiency of the automated metaphase finding system METAFER2 is assessed in a routine mutagenicity assay using an aneuploid rat liver cell line treated with various promutagens. Data sets generated by automated and manual selection of metaphases are compared. It is demonstrated that METAFER2 routinely allows an efficient automatic identification ...
Busso C S - - 1995
Sex as a factor affecting recovered recombination in plant gametes was investigated in pearl millet, Pennisetum glaucum, by using reciprocal three-way crosses [(AxB)xCvCx(A x B)]. The two populations were mapped at 42 loci pre-selected to cover the majority of the genome. No differences in recombination distances were observed at the ...
Ji L - - 1994
This paper is concerned with automatic segmentation of high resolution digitized metaphases. This includes automatic detection and rejection of interphase nuclei, stain debris, and other "noise"; automatic detection and segmentation of touching and overlapping chromosome clusters; and automatic rejection of cells which are evaluated as being incomplete, or incorrectly segmented, ...
Taga M - - 1994
Mitotic chromosomes of the plant pathogenic filamentous fungi Botrytis cinerea and Alternaria alternata were observed. Chromosomes prepared by the germ tube burst method were stained with the fluorescent dye 4',6-diamidino-2-phenylindole (DAPI) to yield figures with good resolution. Using this method, component chromosomes were clearly distinguished and the chromosome number could ...
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