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Results 251 - 300 of 637
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Obara Y - - 1997
The small Japanese field mouse Apodemus argenteus has the diploid chromosome number of 46, carrying rather large centromeric C-heterochromatin in most of the 44 autosomes and a large amount of C-heterochromatin in the sex chromosomes: the largest subtelocentric X was heterochromatic in almost two-fifth (whole short arm and proximal part ...
Rajwanshi P - - 1997
Studies were conducted in order to assess the level of aluminium (Al) in samples of Indian tea, coffee, toothpaste, paan masala (mouth freshener) and baking powder. Leaching of Al from cookware while preparing tea and coffee was also studied. Experiments were also conducted to study the sequential leaching of Al ...
Sittel C - - 1997
Whole organ serial sections of the larynx are recognized to improve the assessment of laryngeal pathology. The human larynx with its complex anatomy of different types of tissue with their marked differences in hardness complicate the cutting process. The methods established are either very costly, time consuming and prone to ...
Yadav J S - - 1997
The sex chromosomes of Murrah buffalo and Sahiwal cattle (females) were studied for R-banding patterns. A short term whole blood culture method was used for obtaining metaphase chromosomes. The R-banding method using 5-bromo-2'-deoxyuridine (BrdU), the fluorescent 33258 Hoechst stain followed by blue-black light exposure and Giemsa staining (RB-FPG) was applied ...
Bourgeois C A - - 1996
We investigated the possibilities of using scanning ion analytical microscopy (SIAM) to detect bromine in human metaphase chromosomes. The experiments were performed after incorporation of the thymidine analogue, 5-bromo-2'-deoxyuridine (BrdU), into the DNA or by in situ hybridization of a BrdU-labelled probe for the subcentromeric repeated DNA sequences. The possibilities ...
Iamaroon A - - 1996
Tissue remodelling is an important feature during embryogenesis. Although the matrix metalloproteinases are believed to participate in these processes, the relation between matrix metalloproteinases and tissue remodelling during craniofacial morphogenesis remains unclear. The purpose of the study was to look for the presence of enzymes involved in extracellular matrix degradation ...
Timmerman-Vaughan G M - - 1996
Quantitative trait loci (QTLs) affecting seed weight in pea (Pisum sativum L.) were mapped using two populations, a field-grown F2 progeny of a cross between two cultivated types ('Primo' and 'OSU442-15') and glasshouse-grown single-seed-descent recombinant inbred lines (RILs) from a wide cross between a P. sativum ssp. sativum line ('Slow') ...
Lhotta K - - 1996
BACKGROUND: Complement C4 is a component of the classical complement pathway, which is a major mediator of inflammation in many forms of glomerulonephritis. The two isoforms of C4-C4A and C4B-differ in their physicochemical and functional properties. METHODS: The glomerular deposition of C4A and C4B was investigated in 39 cases of ...
Barzotti R - - 1996
In the present investigation chromosomal preparations of Asellus aquaticus were sequentially stained with chromomycin A3 to reveal the heterochromatic areas, hybridized in situ with rDNA probes in order to map the ribosomal genes and finally silver stained to check the transcriptional activity of these genes. The results indicate the existence ...
Stepanov S I - - 1996
As the study of metaphase chromosomes with flow cytometry presupposes mixing all chromosomes from many cells before analysis, important information is lost. To overcome this limitation we have developed a novel cell-oriented flow cytometric method for chromosome analysis. A flow cytometer supplied with a special device for disruption of metaphase ...
Cox N H - - 1996
A 40-year-old woman developed a persistent pruritus with erythema of the head and upper trunk, which started within 2 weeks of a hydroxyethylstarch (HES) infusion and was still present 2 years later. Histological examination demonstrated a striking dermal infiltrate of KP1-positive foamy macrophages which had electron-lucent vacuoles. The timing of ...
Edelman J R - - 1996
Regenerating planaria were treated with colchicine dissolved in planarian saline solution in order to harvest metaphase chromosomes. Slides containing such chromosomes were incubated in phosphate buffer at high temperature for 2h and stained with Giemsa solution in order to view heterochromatic dots in chromosomes. The chromosomes were found to contain ...
Suja J A - - 1996
The ultrastructural distribution of the proteins responsible for the silver staining of NORs was analyzed on serial thin sections of preembedded silver-stained rat kangaroo PtK1 metaphase chromosomes. Our results show that the Ag-NOR proteins present a crescent-shaped distribution at the secondary constriction of each chromatid. Moreover, in some cases the ...
Sumner A T - - 1996
Although much information about chromosome structure and behaviour has been obtained using light microscopy, greater resolution is needed for a thorough understanding of chromosome organisation. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) can provide valuable data about these three-dimensional organelles. The introduction of methods using osmium impregnation of methanol-acetic acid-fixed chromosome spreads revolutionised ...
Jin L - - 1995
The localization of heavy metals in normal mouse skin was investigated light microscopically using the Neo-Timm staining method. Positive staining was found in the horny layer of epidermis, connective tissue of dermis and in hair roots. Chelation of heavy metals by pretreatment with diethyldithiocarbamate prevented this staining. The study demonstrates ...
Galetti P M PM - - 1995
Silver nitrate staining, a rapid and efficient method, has proven to be excellent for nucleolar organizing region (NOR) studies in fish. Some fish appear to have only two NOR-bearing chromosomes in their karyotype, whereas others probably have several. In the present study we analyzed the NORs of Leporinus friderici, a ...
Sánchez A - - 1995
Hedgehogs belong to one of the several mammalian taxa in which karyotype differences are based on variations in heterochromatin content. Furthermore, the number and location of nucleolar organizer regions (NORs) can also vary widely. In the present study these cytogenetic features were investigated in the Algerian hedgehog, Erinaceus (Aethechinus) algirus. ...
Hove M G - - 1995
A case of Rocky Mountain spotted fever complicated by gangrene of the extremities required amputation and showed persistent rickettsial infection in the margins of the gangrene at 5 and 7 weeks after onset of illness. Rickettsial organisms were demonstrated by immunoperoxidase staining in the viable endothelial cells in the ischemic ...
DiCiaula L L - - 1995
Fixation and staining of planaria can affect the interpretation of histopathological changes following their exposure to various agents. We assessed several fixation protocols with various stains in planaria to determine an optimal combination. Planaria were fixed in each of the following: 10% neutral buffered formalin, 2.5%, glutaraldehyde, Bouin's, Zenker's, 70% ...
Sudha T - - 1995
A mouse cell mutant, ts85, containing the temperature-sensitive ubiquitin-activating enzyme was arrested in G2 phase at the non-permissive temperature. In the arrested cells, azure C, a nucleolus-specific stain, revealed a U-shaped or ring-shaped arrangement of nucleolar lobes with an unstained region in the center. Silver staining of the nucleolar organizer ...
Huber R - - 1995
The efficiency of the automated metaphase finding system METAFER2 is assessed in a routine mutagenicity assay using an aneuploid rat liver cell line treated with various promutagens. Data sets generated by automated and manual selection of metaphases are compared. It is demonstrated that METAFER2 routinely allows an efficient automatic identification ...
Busso C S - - 1995
Sex as a factor affecting recovered recombination in plant gametes was investigated in pearl millet, Pennisetum glaucum, by using reciprocal three-way crosses [(AxB)xCvCx(A x B)]. The two populations were mapped at 42 loci pre-selected to cover the majority of the genome. No differences in recombination distances were observed at the ...
Ji L - - 1994
This paper is concerned with automatic segmentation of high resolution digitized metaphases. This includes automatic detection and rejection of interphase nuclei, stain debris, and other "noise"; automatic detection and segmentation of touching and overlapping chromosome clusters; and automatic rejection of cells which are evaluated as being incomplete, or incorrectly segmented, ...
Taga M - - 1994
Mitotic chromosomes of the plant pathogenic filamentous fungi Botrytis cinerea and Alternaria alternata were observed. Chromosomes prepared by the germ tube burst method were stained with the fluorescent dye 4',6-diamidino-2-phenylindole (DAPI) to yield figures with good resolution. Using this method, component chromosomes were clearly distinguished and the chromosome number could ...
Cullen K M - - 1994
A reliable new method was developed for detecting neurofibrillary tangles, senile plaques, and neuropil threads in human neural tissue. Excellent morphological definition of the pathological structures was achieved with this procedure without staining normal neuronal and glial elements. The technique was applied to cortical tissue from eight patients with Alzheimer's ...
Su Y A - - 1994
Identification of genes involved in recurring chromosome rearrangements has provided significant insight into the molecular basis of malignancy. We describe here a strategy combining chromosome microdissection and hybrid selection for the direct isolation of chromosome region-specific genes. We modeled this strategy by using sequences recovered from the microdissection of a ...
Martin R - - 1994
A highly reproducible technique to prepare plant chromosomes for high-resolution field emission scanning electron microscopy is presented. The procedure allows the production of relatively high numbers of chromosome spreads that can be viewed at high resolution, showing structural details below 10 nm. This preparation technique is not restricted to metaphase ...
Manley M S - - 1994
The mammalian striatum may be divided into a striosomal compartment and a surrounding matrix region. We have examined the distribution of leucine enkephalin (LENK) and substance P (SP) immunoreactivity in relation to striosomes defined by calbindin-D (CABD) staining in alternate 70 microns serial sections from the human caudate nucleus. The ...
Frey T - - 1994
An experimental flow cytometer was constructed using a quartz flow cell optically coupled to a 1.22 NA lens. A pair of crossed cylindrical quartz lenses allowed multilaser excitation. Two helium-cadmium (HeCd) lasers, emitting 16 mW at 442 nm and 35 mW at 325 nm, were used to excite chromomycin A3 ...
Bedo D G - - 1994
The distribution and replication of heterochromatin in polytene trichogen chromosomes of the Old World screw-worm fly, Chrysomya bezziana, were studied using fluorescent staining techniques. Quinacrine and distamycin-DAPI, which selectively stain AT-rich DNA, and chromomycin, specific for GC-rich sequences, were used. Bright quinacrine and DA-DAPI fluorescence was found in the sex ...
Aiello V - - 1994
An additional C-positive band in the centromeric region (p11) was observed in a man. By GTG- and RBA-techniques it was positively stained but by QFQ-technique the staining intensity was negative. Although he was identified through fetal loss in his wife, it apparently represents a familial variant whose clinical significance is ...
Gatti M - - 1994
The repertoire of cytological procedures described in the present paper permits full analysis of brain neuroblast chromosomes. Moreover, if brains are cultured for 13 hr in the presence of 5-bromo-2'-deoxy-uridine, our fixation and Hoechst staining protocols allow visualization of sister chromatid differentiation and the scoring of sister chromatid exchanges (Gatti ...
Friar P M - - 1994
The effects of domestic marmalade-making procedures on residues of imazalil, 2-phenylphenol and thiabendazole in 'sweet' oranges were investigated by comparing residue levels in raw fruit and in marmalades, prepared by heating the oranges with water and sugar for about 4 h in a preserving pan on a gas ring or ...
Ruess D - - 1993
Metaphase chromosomes of HeLa D98/AH-2 cells were studied by GTG-banding, NOR-silver staining and in situ hybridization using libraries specific for each human chromosome as probes (chromosome painting). The structure and composition of all marker chromosomes could be determined, allowing a critical assessment of earlier studies. The revised HeLa D98/AH-2 karyotype ...
Torre J de L Jde - - 1993
The in situ nick translation procedure performed on fixed meiotic chromosomes partially cleaved with restriction endonucleases shows a different staining of homologous heterochromatic regions, which could be explained through a differential restriction endonuclease cleavage. Mutations occurring before massive tandem duplication and involving those DNA motifs that produce these heterochromatic blocks, ...
Reed K M - - 1993
Paternal sex ratio (PSR) is a B chromosome found in the parasitic wasp Nasonia vitripennis. PSR has a unique etiology in that it destroys the paternal chromosomes of fertilized eggs, resulting in the production of all male families. This study examined structural aspects of PSR including size, C-banding, and silver ...
Narayan D - - 1992
A study to assess the effects of an intraluminally placed tissue expander in the rabbit jejunum was performed. Oval expanders (8 cm3) were placed via a midline coeliotomy through an enterotomy on the antimesenteric border of the jejunum. The reservoir was tunnelled subcutaneously through the abdominal wall. Expansion was carried ...
Solé F - - 1992
A simple technique for obtaining good chromosomal G-banding on fresh blood and bone marrow is presented. The usual technique is modified by using a microwave oven before staining the preparations with Wright's stain.
Verma R S - - 1992
A number of selective staining techniques have been utilized to decipher the variability of pericentromeric heterochromatin. One such technique is called DA/DAPI and it is believed to be stain specific. However, we demonstrate otherwise and suggest that pericentromeric regions of all human chromosomes stain positive by DA/DAPI-technique. It must be ...
Li Z - - 1992
We have modified the procedure of in situ nick translation to shorten the autoradiographic exposure time from 1 month to 3 days and reduce the volume of nick translation solution by a factor of at least 10. The modified procedure can be carried out on individually chosen chromosome spreads. The ...
Blottner S - - 1992
An account is given in this paper of a method of identifying the fluorescence body (f-body) as a marker of the Y-chromosome. Also covered by this method is poor decondensation of spermatozoal nuclei when exposed to action of 1.25% of papain, 0.155% of DTE, and 0.025% of DMSO. Quinacrine mustard ...
Weber J - - 1992
The amount of time-saving by using the Metafer2 metaphase finder for routine analysis of radiation-induced chromosome aberrations (biological dosimetry) was determined. Metaphases were prepared by standard methods from cultures of human peripheral blood lymphocytes and stained either with Giemsa or with the FPG method. The metaphase finder was used for ...
Czaban B B - - 1992
In crane-fly spermatocytes and Haemanthus endosperm, all metaphase and anaphase chromosomal spindle fibres were stained with rhodamine-labelled phalloidin. In crane-fly spermatocytes, each kinetochore was stained with rhodamine-labelled phalloidin at diakinesis of prophase and after colcemid caused metaphase spindles to depolymerize. Since phalloidin stains actin filaments, the distributions of rhodamine-labelled phalloidin-stained ...
Janse J - - 1992
Transmission of the extra (translocated) chromosome of tertiary trisomic T282W of rye (Secale cereale L.) upon seifing, through the male and/or the female, ranged from 0% to 36% in different inbred lines. Tetrasomics arising from simultaneous male and female transmission were not recovered and thus apparently not viable. Low seed ...
Yamada K - - 1992
For cytogenetic analysis of chromosome abnormalities, we have developed an instrument which can produce semi-automatically chromosome slides for microscopic observation. This instrument has automatic slide supplier and slide transfer system. Chromosome slides were obtained by the steam dry method; slides were sequentially exposed to different atmosphere controlled strictly in respect ...
Schmitz A - - 1992
A procedure to stain the centromeric region of chromosomes for dual beam flow cytometric analysis is described. Serum from a CREST (Scleroderma syndrome) patient presenting a high titer of anticentromeric antibodies was chosen on the basis of specificity of labeling of cells on slides. The high affinity of the antibodies ...
Toder R - - 1992
Through use of BrdU replication, RBA-banded karyotypes of Tupaia belangeri, T. chinensis, and T. glis were obtained. A chromosome number of 2n = 62 for T. belangeri is described here for the first time and is confirmed for T. chinensis. All chromosomes between these two phenotypically different species appear to ...
Yamaguchi M - - 1991
An immunocytochemical method using a specific antibody was employed to detect the proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) in Drosophila embryos during the first 13 nuclear division cycles. Strong nuclear staining with the anti-PCNA antibody was observed at interphase throughout 13 cycles. Metaphase chromosomes were not stained throughout these cycles. The ...
de Vicente M C - - 1991
We have determined that meiotic recombination differs between male and female gametes derived from the same plant. A single F1 plant was backcrossed to each of the parents, Lycopersicon esculentum and L pennellii, as the male (BCE) and female (BCP) parent, respectively. A total of 85 RFLP markers, covering more ...
Soh G - - 1991
Voids presenting in impressions of five automixed addition silicone elastomers were investigated. Impressions were prepared with the putty-light body impression technique on stainless-steel cylinders with acrylic spacers. The number of voids was counted at a predetermined site on three separate days using a stereomicroscope at x7 magnification. Impression specimens of ...
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