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Results 251 - 300 of 621
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Sánchez A - - 1995
Hedgehogs belong to one of the several mammalian taxa in which karyotype differences are based on variations in heterochromatin content. Furthermore, the number and location of nucleolar organizer regions (NORs) can also vary widely. In the present study these cytogenetic features were investigated in the Algerian hedgehog, Erinaceus (Aethechinus) algirus. ...
Hove M G - - 1995
A case of Rocky Mountain spotted fever complicated by gangrene of the extremities required amputation and showed persistent rickettsial infection in the margins of the gangrene at 5 and 7 weeks after onset of illness. Rickettsial organisms were demonstrated by immunoperoxidase staining in the viable endothelial cells in the ischemic ...
DiCiaula L L - - 1995
Fixation and staining of planaria can affect the interpretation of histopathological changes following their exposure to various agents. We assessed several fixation protocols with various stains in planaria to determine an optimal combination. Planaria were fixed in each of the following: 10% neutral buffered formalin, 2.5%, glutaraldehyde, Bouin's, Zenker's, 70% ...
Sudha T - - 1995
A mouse cell mutant, ts85, containing the temperature-sensitive ubiquitin-activating enzyme was arrested in G2 phase at the non-permissive temperature. In the arrested cells, azure C, a nucleolus-specific stain, revealed a U-shaped or ring-shaped arrangement of nucleolar lobes with an unstained region in the center. Silver staining of the nucleolar organizer ...
Huber R - - 1995
The efficiency of the automated metaphase finding system METAFER2 is assessed in a routine mutagenicity assay using an aneuploid rat liver cell line treated with various promutagens. Data sets generated by automated and manual selection of metaphases are compared. It is demonstrated that METAFER2 routinely allows an efficient automatic identification ...
Busso C S - - 1995
Sex as a factor affecting recovered recombination in plant gametes was investigated in pearl millet, Pennisetum glaucum, by using reciprocal three-way crosses [(AxB)xCvCx(A x B)]. The two populations were mapped at 42 loci pre-selected to cover the majority of the genome. No differences in recombination distances were observed at the ...
Ji L - - 1994
This paper is concerned with automatic segmentation of high resolution digitized metaphases. This includes automatic detection and rejection of interphase nuclei, stain debris, and other "noise"; automatic detection and segmentation of touching and overlapping chromosome clusters; and automatic rejection of cells which are evaluated as being incomplete, or incorrectly segmented, ...
Taga M - - 1994
Mitotic chromosomes of the plant pathogenic filamentous fungi Botrytis cinerea and Alternaria alternata were observed. Chromosomes prepared by the germ tube burst method were stained with the fluorescent dye 4',6-diamidino-2-phenylindole (DAPI) to yield figures with good resolution. Using this method, component chromosomes were clearly distinguished and the chromosome number could ...
Cullen K M - - 1994
A reliable new method was developed for detecting neurofibrillary tangles, senile plaques, and neuropil threads in human neural tissue. Excellent morphological definition of the pathological structures was achieved with this procedure without staining normal neuronal and glial elements. The technique was applied to cortical tissue from eight patients with Alzheimer's ...
Su Y A - - 1994
Identification of genes involved in recurring chromosome rearrangements has provided significant insight into the molecular basis of malignancy. We describe here a strategy combining chromosome microdissection and hybrid selection for the direct isolation of chromosome region-specific genes. We modeled this strategy by using sequences recovered from the microdissection of a ...
Martin R - - 1994
A highly reproducible technique to prepare plant chromosomes for high-resolution field emission scanning electron microscopy is presented. The procedure allows the production of relatively high numbers of chromosome spreads that can be viewed at high resolution, showing structural details below 10 nm. This preparation technique is not restricted to metaphase ...
Manley M S - - 1994
The mammalian striatum may be divided into a striosomal compartment and a surrounding matrix region. We have examined the distribution of leucine enkephalin (LENK) and substance P (SP) immunoreactivity in relation to striosomes defined by calbindin-D (CABD) staining in alternate 70 microns serial sections from the human caudate nucleus. The ...
Frey T - - 1994
An experimental flow cytometer was constructed using a quartz flow cell optically coupled to a 1.22 NA lens. A pair of crossed cylindrical quartz lenses allowed multilaser excitation. Two helium-cadmium (HeCd) lasers, emitting 16 mW at 442 nm and 35 mW at 325 nm, were used to excite chromomycin A3 ...
Bedo D G - - 1994
The distribution and replication of heterochromatin in polytene trichogen chromosomes of the Old World screw-worm fly, Chrysomya bezziana, were studied using fluorescent staining techniques. Quinacrine and distamycin-DAPI, which selectively stain AT-rich DNA, and chromomycin, specific for GC-rich sequences, were used. Bright quinacrine and DA-DAPI fluorescence was found in the sex ...
Aiello V - - 1994
An additional C-positive band in the centromeric region (p11) was observed in a man. By GTG- and RBA-techniques it was positively stained but by QFQ-technique the staining intensity was negative. Although he was identified through fetal loss in his wife, it apparently represents a familial variant whose clinical significance is ...
Gatti M - - 1994
The repertoire of cytological procedures described in the present paper permits full analysis of brain neuroblast chromosomes. Moreover, if brains are cultured for 13 hr in the presence of 5-bromo-2'-deoxy-uridine, our fixation and Hoechst staining protocols allow visualization of sister chromatid differentiation and the scoring of sister chromatid exchanges (Gatti ...
Friar P M - - 1994
The effects of domestic marmalade-making procedures on residues of imazalil, 2-phenylphenol and thiabendazole in 'sweet' oranges were investigated by comparing residue levels in raw fruit and in marmalades, prepared by heating the oranges with water and sugar for about 4 h in a preserving pan on a gas ring or ...
Ruess D - - 1993
Metaphase chromosomes of HeLa D98/AH-2 cells were studied by GTG-banding, NOR-silver staining and in situ hybridization using libraries specific for each human chromosome as probes (chromosome painting). The structure and composition of all marker chromosomes could be determined, allowing a critical assessment of earlier studies. The revised HeLa D98/AH-2 karyotype ...
Torre J de L Jde - - 1993
The in situ nick translation procedure performed on fixed meiotic chromosomes partially cleaved with restriction endonucleases shows a different staining of homologous heterochromatic regions, which could be explained through a differential restriction endonuclease cleavage. Mutations occurring before massive tandem duplication and involving those DNA motifs that produce these heterochromatic blocks, ...
Reed K M - - 1993
Paternal sex ratio (PSR) is a B chromosome found in the parasitic wasp Nasonia vitripennis. PSR has a unique etiology in that it destroys the paternal chromosomes of fertilized eggs, resulting in the production of all male families. This study examined structural aspects of PSR including size, C-banding, and silver ...
Narayan D - - 1992
A study to assess the effects of an intraluminally placed tissue expander in the rabbit jejunum was performed. Oval expanders (8 cm3) were placed via a midline coeliotomy through an enterotomy on the antimesenteric border of the jejunum. The reservoir was tunnelled subcutaneously through the abdominal wall. Expansion was carried ...
Solé F - - 1992
A simple technique for obtaining good chromosomal G-banding on fresh blood and bone marrow is presented. The usual technique is modified by using a microwave oven before staining the preparations with Wright's stain.
Verma R S - - 1992
A number of selective staining techniques have been utilized to decipher the variability of pericentromeric heterochromatin. One such technique is called DA/DAPI and it is believed to be stain specific. However, we demonstrate otherwise and suggest that pericentromeric regions of all human chromosomes stain positive by DA/DAPI-technique. It must be ...
Li Z - - 1992
We have modified the procedure of in situ nick translation to shorten the autoradiographic exposure time from 1 month to 3 days and reduce the volume of nick translation solution by a factor of at least 10. The modified procedure can be carried out on individually chosen chromosome spreads. The ...
Blottner S - - 1992
An account is given in this paper of a method of identifying the fluorescence body (f-body) as a marker of the Y-chromosome. Also covered by this method is poor decondensation of spermatozoal nuclei when exposed to action of 1.25% of papain, 0.155% of DTE, and 0.025% of DMSO. Quinacrine mustard ...
Weber J - - 1992
The amount of time-saving by using the Metafer2 metaphase finder for routine analysis of radiation-induced chromosome aberrations (biological dosimetry) was determined. Metaphases were prepared by standard methods from cultures of human peripheral blood lymphocytes and stained either with Giemsa or with the FPG method. The metaphase finder was used for ...
Czaban B B - - 1992
In crane-fly spermatocytes and Haemanthus endosperm, all metaphase and anaphase chromosomal spindle fibres were stained with rhodamine-labelled phalloidin. In crane-fly spermatocytes, each kinetochore was stained with rhodamine-labelled phalloidin at diakinesis of prophase and after colcemid caused metaphase spindles to depolymerize. Since phalloidin stains actin filaments, the distributions of rhodamine-labelled phalloidin-stained ...
Janse J - - 1992
Transmission of the extra (translocated) chromosome of tertiary trisomic T282W of rye (Secale cereale L.) upon seifing, through the male and/or the female, ranged from 0% to 36% in different inbred lines. Tetrasomics arising from simultaneous male and female transmission were not recovered and thus apparently not viable. Low seed ...
Yamada K - - 1992
For cytogenetic analysis of chromosome abnormalities, we have developed an instrument which can produce semi-automatically chromosome slides for microscopic observation. This instrument has automatic slide supplier and slide transfer system. Chromosome slides were obtained by the steam dry method; slides were sequentially exposed to different atmosphere controlled strictly in respect ...
Schmitz A - - 1992
A procedure to stain the centromeric region of chromosomes for dual beam flow cytometric analysis is described. Serum from a CREST (Scleroderma syndrome) patient presenting a high titer of anticentromeric antibodies was chosen on the basis of specificity of labeling of cells on slides. The high affinity of the antibodies ...
Toder R - - 1992
Through use of BrdU replication, RBA-banded karyotypes of Tupaia belangeri, T. chinensis, and T. glis were obtained. A chromosome number of 2n = 62 for T. belangeri is described here for the first time and is confirmed for T. chinensis. All chromosomes between these two phenotypically different species appear to ...
Yamaguchi M - - 1991
An immunocytochemical method using a specific antibody was employed to detect the proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) in Drosophila embryos during the first 13 nuclear division cycles. Strong nuclear staining with the anti-PCNA antibody was observed at interphase throughout 13 cycles. Metaphase chromosomes were not stained throughout these cycles. The ...
de Vicente M C - - 1991
We have determined that meiotic recombination differs between male and female gametes derived from the same plant. A single F1 plant was backcrossed to each of the parents, Lycopersicon esculentum and L pennellii, as the male (BCE) and female (BCP) parent, respectively. A total of 85 RFLP markers, covering more ...
Soh G - - 1991
Voids presenting in impressions of five automixed addition silicone elastomers were investigated. Impressions were prepared with the putty-light body impression technique on stainless-steel cylinders with acrylic spacers. The number of voids was counted at a predetermined site on three separate days using a stereomicroscope at x7 magnification. Impression specimens of ...
Bedo D G - - 1991
Mitotic and meiotic chromosomes of the Old World screwworm fly, Chrysomya bezziana, were studied using C-banding and quinacrine and counterstain-enhanced fluorescence techniques. The five autosomes in the karyotype are evenly graded in size, with somewhat variable arm ratios. Distinguishing all autosomes on these features alone can be difficult. C-banding produces ...
Bartsch O - - 1991
A method for chromosome-specific staining and its use in clinical cytogenetics is described. This fluorescence in situ hybridization protocol for repetitive DNA probes results in yellow-green fluorescent signals on orange-red stained chromosomes. Special characteristics are its simplicity, the use of digoxigenin-11-dUTP for labeling, and the combination of high stringency criteria ...
Vitturi R - - 1991
Chromosome numbers of the snail Helicella virgata from the fields of Castellammare del Golfo (Sicily) are n = 26 and 2n = 52. Silver-staining analyses of testicular cells suggest that both mitotic and meiotic chromosomes are involved in nucleolus organization. A within-individual variability in NOR-banding pattern is present in each ...
Wang Q - - 1991
A novel staining method for simultaneously determining the immunophenotype and sex of peripheral lymphocytes is described. Cell surface markers on lymphocytes are identified using specific monoclonal antibodies located by a peroxidase anti-peroxidase staining technique (PAP). Lymphocytes are subsequently hybridised with a biotinylated Y chromosome-specific sequence probe and this is located ...
Klinkhardt M B - - 1991
Methods for preparing fish chromosomes are presented for comparison, and their differences and similarities are given in tabular form. Many of the seemingly new and improved methods are merely modifications of known techniques. Differences between the methods used to prepare slides complicate the direct comparison of results. The development of ...
Levy H P - - 1991
Flow cytometric chromosome sorting typically relies upon dual-laser, bivariate analysis after staining with two different base pair-specific dyes for resolution of chromosomes with similar DNA content. The availability of FITC-conjugated antibodies offers the possibility of single-laser bivariate analysis when combined with propidium iodide (PI) DNA staining, but requires exploitable antigenic ...
Stockert J C - - 1991
The stoichiometry of metachromatic staining of chromatin by toluidine blue was investigated in isolated metaphase chromosomes from L929 cells using X-ray microanalysis. Microspectrophotometric measurements revealed that a hypsochromic shift (from 595 to 570 nm) occurs in toluidine blue stained chromosomes in relation to the staining solution. Under the electron microscope, ...
Coghill G - - 1990
A new simple modification to the silver staining of nucleolar organiser regions (AgNORs) was devised which, by performing the incubation with the slide inverted, results in minimal undesirable background staining, a persistent problem. Inverted incubation is facilitated by the use of a commercially available plastic coverplate. This technique has several ...
McCluskey K - - 1990
Chromosome samples for pulsed-field electrophoresis have been prepared without first generating protoplasts. The technique involves treatment of intact, agarose-solidified cell material with protease in the presence of EDTA and SDS. Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Ustilago hordei, Tilletia caries, and T. controversa karyotypes are clearly resolved with this technique. Colonies of U. hordei ...
Speirs S - - 1990
Spontaneously cycling LT/Sv strain female mice were mated to hemizygous Rb(X.2)2Ad males in order to facilitate the distinction of the paternal X chromosome, and the pregnant females were autopsied at about midday on the tenth day of gestation. Out of a total of 222 analysable embryos recovered, 165 (74.3%) were ...
Gottfries J - - 1990
The ganglioside composition of six human medulloblastomas was analyzed. The characterization was performed by thin-layer chromatography, sialidase hydrolysis, and immunological staining with a panel of characterized antiganglioside monoclonal antibodies. The total ganglioside content ranged from 60 to 1,130 nmol of ganglioside sialic acid/g wet weight. Neuronal gangliosides (gangliotetraose series) were ...
Latos-Bielenska A - - 1990
The frequency and distribution of chiasmata and the nature of terminal "associations" was re-examined in Syrian hamster spermatocytes using the 5-bromo-2'-deoxyuridine (BrdU) antibody technique (BAT) for differential chromatid labelling. Differential chromatid substitution was achieved by BrdU incorporation at the penultimate pre-meiotic S-phase followed by one of three different staining protocols: ...
Del Castillo P P Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences, Autonomous University, Madrid, - - 1990
Metal-dye complexes are widely applied in light microscopic techniques for chromatin staining (e.g., hematoxylin and carmine), but fluorescent complexes between phosphate-binding cations and suitable ligands have been little used. Preformed and postformed Al complexes with different anionic dyes induced strong and selective fluorescence reactions in nuclei from chicken blood smears, ...
van Vliet L J - - 1990
In this article we describe Athena, a system that provides for semi-automated karyotyping of metaphase spreads. The system is based upon the Macintosh II computer. It uses software that is written entirely in C and consists of approximately 200 Kbytes of executable code. Athena provides automated segmentation of metaphase images ...
Nicola T - - 1990
A new external diversion technique of ileo-colonic content through an extraperitoneal cecostomy is presented. This technique avoids the draw back of the classical cecostomy: intraperitoneal leakage intestinal content, reoperation for closure the stoma. The procedure is simple, easily performed and efficient in protecting the colonic anastomosis, and diverting the ileo-colonic ...
Sola L - - 1990
Three populations of the North American cyprinodont fish Poecilia latipinna, considered to be one of the progenitor species of the gynogenetic unisexual P. formosa, were analyzed by C-banding and Ag-staining. C-bands were found to be polymorphic, and Ag-staining showed a high degree of variability in both the number and location ...
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