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Results 201 - 250 of 637
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Kasahara S - - 2003
A comparative cytogenetic analysis was carried out on four Hylinae tree frogs from Brazil ((Aparasphenodon brunoi, Corythomantis greeningi, Osteocephalus langsdorffii, and Scinax fuscovarius) using Giemsa staining, BrdU replication banding, Ag-NOR staining, C-banding, DAPI and CMA(3) fluorochrome staining, and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) with an rDNA probe. All the species ...
Deng Wen - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The success of complex molecular cytogenetic studies depends on having properly spread chromosomes. However, inconsistency of optimum chromosome spreading remains a major problem in cytogenetic studies. METHODS: The metaphase spreading process was carefully timed to identify the most critical phase of chromosome spreading. The effects of dropping height of ...
Leite-Silva Cleide - - 2003
The karyotypes of the bat species Molossus ater, M. molossus (2n = 48; NF = 64) and Molossops planirostris (2n = 34; NF = 60) were analyzed by G-, C-banding, silver nitrate staining (AgNO3), base-specific fluorochromes and fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH). The two species of Molossus presented the constitutive ...
Kuznetsova Valentina G - - 2003
The karyotype of the meadow spittlebug Philaenus spumarius (L.) was studied using conventional chromosome staining, C- and AgNOR- banding, and fluorescent CMA3- and DAPI- techniques. This is the first report on differential staining of the holocentric chromosomes of Auchenorrhyncha. The karyotype of Ph. spumarius includes 2n = 22 + XX/X0. ...
Skacel Marek - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: The frequency of progression from low grade dysplasia (LGD) to high grade dysplasia/carcinoma (HGD/ CA) in Barrett's esophagus (BE) varies among studies. Current assessment is made more difficult because of pathologists' interobserver variability in diagnosing LGD. We recently conducted an interobserver study on LGD and reported a positive correlation ...
Vazquez-Cooz I - - 2002
We investigated the use of safranin O and astra blue dissolved in ethyl alcohol as differential stains to distinguish between lignified and unlignified tissues in microtome sections of tension and normal wood of sugar and red maple. Normal wood was used as a control for the histochemical analysis. Lignified and ...
Sacks Zachary S - - 2002
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Femtosecond pulses can generate high precision subsurface photodisruption in transparent tissues, such as the cornea. We used femtosecond laser technology to demonstrate early proof of concept for high precision subsurface photodisruption in the translucent sclera. This technique may ultimately enable novel surgical procedures for the treatment of ...
Vega-Alvarado L - - 2002
This paper reports results for a new measure of texture coarseness, as a step towards automation of metaphase finding in cell-proliferation studies. This measure is highly specific to grey-level inter-chromosome coarseness features in microscopic images of metaphase spreads and allows the texture quantification of cytological objects, analysing the intensity profile ...
Rozental Tatiana - - 2002
Ticks were obtained from dogs from February to September of 1999 at weekly intervals, in the County of Piraí, State of Rio de Janeiro. Four hundred seventy four ixodids were taxonomically identified, 103 Amblyomma cajennense, seven Amblyomma ovale, 209 Rhipicephalus sanguineus, and 155 Amblyomma sp. An hemolymph test associated with ...
Yoshino Tomoyuki - - 2002
The present study investigated the applicability of scanning near-field optical/atomic force microscopy (SNOM/AFM) to observations of YOYO-1 stained barley chromosomes. Using this technique, topographic and fluorescent images in the same portion were obtained simultaneously, thus enabling the precise analysis of fluorescent structures in relation to the morphology of chromosomes. In ...
Dobigny G - - 2002
In spite of uncertainty about the biochemical processes involved, silver staining is a widely used technique for assessing the locations of active NORs in eukaryotic genomes in general, and in mammalian genomes in particular. However, following a previous study of hedgehog chromosomes, we present here a second example from two ...
Bibbo Marluce - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To develop a procedure for the immunocytochemical detection of P16INK4A in ThinPrep specimens. STUDY DESIGN: Archived ThinPrep, liquid-based cervical/endocervical cytology specimens (Cytyc Corp., Boxborough, Massachusetts, U.S.A.) diagnosed as LSIL, HSIL and WNL were resampled and fixed in 95% ethanol for at least three days. Rehydration and endogenous peroxidase blocking ...
Dundas S R - - 2001
Combining fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and indirect immunofluorescence staining of protein markers provides a highly specific method for identifying chromosomes in phenotypically defined cells and tissues. We developed a technique enabling dual chromosome painting and immunofluorescence staining of archival formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded material, and used this to phenotype chimeric cells ...
Kohda A - - 2001
Effects of ICRF-193, a topoisomerase II inhibitor, on metaphase chromosome preparations were examined. A short-time exposure of this drug to human HL60 cells in a suspension culture before harvest resulted in obtaining more extended metaphase chromosomes. The length of chromosome 6 identified by fluorescence in situ hybridization was twice as ...
Bree A F - - 2001
BACKGROUND: The unique immunobiology of the placental trophoblast and the increased incidence of hemangiomas in infants born after chorionic villus sampling suggest that an immunologically regulated ectopic focus of trophoblasts could be the cell of origin for proliferative infantile hemangiomas. OBJECTIVE: To compare tissue from infantile hemangiomas with that of ...
Choochote W - - 2001
The application of ethanol-extracted Gloriosa superba for metaphase chromosome preparation in adult and 4th larva Aedes aegypti revealed that 0.5-8% ethanol-extracted Gl. superba solution could be used instead of 1% colchicine in Hanks' balanced salt solution. For adult mosquitos, the metaphase rates and average number of metaphase chromosomes per positive ...
Novello A - - 2001
After treatment with the endonuclease AluI for 6 or 24 h, chromosomes of two populations of the South American rodent Ctenomys presented an asymmetric banding pattern after Giemsa staining. These asymmetric patterns were chromosome specific (each chromosome of a pair showed different banding pattern) but constant from cell to cell ...
BoroĊ„ A - - 2001
The present work provides new data on the banding pattern of two cyprinid fish species Phoxinus phoxinus and Eupallasella perenurus from Poland. C-banding, silver-staining (Ag), and fluorescent staining with chromomycin A3 techniques were used to describe the karyotypes. Both of the species karyotypes of 2n = 50 were characterised by ...
Sola L - - 2001
The zebrafish, Danio rerio, has recently become the model system for the genetic analysis of vertebrate development. This paper reviews the advances in zebrafish cytogenetics, obtained through classical and molecular techniques, which will lead to the assignment of specific linkage groups to specific chromosome pairs in the zebrafish genome project. ...
Bernardino-Sgherri J - - 2001
In metaphases from female mouse fibroblasts, successive stainings by Giemsa and DAPI and immunolabeling of 5-methylcytosine were performed with or without bromodeoxyuridine pretreatment. It was shown that, compared to all other chromosomes, the late replicating X is the least methylated, the most compacted, and the most intensely stained by DAPI ...
Jiang W - - 2000
The effects of different concentrations (10-5 - 10-2 M) of copper sulfate on root growth, cell division and nucleoli in root-tip cells of Helianthus annuus L. were investigated. Cu had an inhibitory effect on the root growth at 10-4 - 10-2 M during the entire treatment. Cu has toxic effects ...
Glandières J M - - 2000
The composite fluorescence emission from the two tryptophans (W7 and W14) of horse heart apomyoglobin was explored by fluorescence quenching experiments. The fluorescence of the W7 residue is the only one involved in the quenching by iodide or trichloroethanol (TCE) titration. The fluorescence contribution of W7 is 49% of the ...
Hayman R - - 2000
Desmin has been suggested as a possible histopathological marker for hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) in humans. To test whether a similar pattern of desmin staining applies to HCM in cats, we conducted an immunohistochemical study on myocardial samples from 13 cats (HCM 4, other cardiomyopathies (OCM) 4, and control 5). The ...
Li T F - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To investigate expression of vitronectin (VN) and its integrin (Int) receptors in synovial membrane-like interface tissue (SMLIT) in aseptic loosening of total hip replacement (THR), and the potential role of VN-Int interaction in production of collagenase-3. METHODS: Avidin-biotin-peroxidase complex (ABC) staining was used to detect distribution of VN and ...
Edelman J R - - 2000
Previous investigations in which metaphase plates of cells in rapid division were incubated in phosphate buffer at high temperature revealed numerous heterochromatic dots in chromosomes after Giemsa staining. In contrast, chromosomes from cells with a reduced capacity for reproduction were devoid of such dots, or the dots were sloughed-off into ...
Maistro E L - - 2000
The chromosome complement of a local population of Astyanax scabripinnis in Brazil was investigated with emphasis on the study of the heterochromatin attached to the A-chromosomes and present in the macro B-chromosome. Analysis after C-banding, silver and CMA3 staining, incorporation of 5-bromo-2'-deoxyuridine and chromosome digestion with nine restriction endonucleases revealed ...
Andras S C - - 2000
This paper presents a preparative and staining procedure for plant mitotic chromosomes that uses a combination of PI (propidium iodide) and DAPI (4',6-diamidino-2-phenylindol) and which reveals a pattern of high-affinity regions for these fluorochromes. Nucleolar organiser regions (NORs), telomeres and centromeric regions exhibit high PI affinity (red), whereas other chromosomal ...
Pereira L G - - 2000
The constitutive heterochromatin (CH) of Phaeoparia megacephala was studied using C-banding and fluorochrome staining (CMA3, DAPI and acridine orange). The nucleolar organizer regions (NOR) were identified with silver staining. The chromosome complement of this species was 2n = 23, XO in males, and 2n = 24, XX in females. The ...
Maistro E L - - 2000
Different cytogenetic techniques were used to analyse the chromosomes of Prochilodus lineatus with the main objective of comparing the base composition of A- and B-chromosomes. The results of digestion of chromosomes with 10 different restriction endonucleases (REs), silver staining, CMA3 staining and C-banding indicated the existence of different classes of ...
Héliot L - - 2000
The metaphase nucleolar organizer regions (NORs) contain ribosomal genes associated with proteins such as upstream binding factor (UBF) and RNA polymerase I (RPI). These genes are clustered in 10 loci of the human acrocentric chromosomes (13, 14, 15, 21, and 22). Some NOR-associated proteins, termed AgNOR proteins, can be specifically ...
Kanayama K - - 2000
Unfertilized eggs showing abnormal cleavage are ovulated with repeated induction of super-ovulation. In this study, the presence or absence of the nucleus was examined in segmented blastomeres of these unfertilized eggs using Hoechst dye. Unfertilized eggs showing a morula stage-like cleavage obtained by repeated superovulation 4 times using PMSG/hCG were ...
Jitpakdi A - - 1999
The screening of 10 plant species (Aloe barbadensis Mill., Asparagus officinalis L., As. plumosus Bak., As. racemosus Willd., As. sprengeri Regel, Codyline fruticosa Goppert, Dracaena loureiri Gagnep., Gloriosa superba L., Hemerocallis flava L., and Sansevieria cylindrica Bojer) for colchicine-like substance(s) using a mosquito cytogenetic assay revealed that a 1% solution ...
Kadhim M A - - 1999
A robust method for obtaining chromosome preparations from individual haemopoietic colonies in semi-solid media is described. The accumulation of metaphases and the hypotonic treatment of cells were carried out in the culture dish and individual colonies were transferred onto poly-L-lysine-treated slides and fixed stepwise prior to staining. The technique produced ...
Kato A - - 1999
Nitrous oxide (N2O), colchicine, trifluralin, amiprophos-methyl, 8-hydroxyquinoline, and temperature pretreatments (cold and cold-hot-cold) were compared for chromosome counting in maize (Zea mays L.). Pretreated root tips were prepared by enzymatic maceration and air drying, and the number of countable figures and mitotic indexes were recorded. N2O treatment at 10 atm ...
Andras S C - - 1999
A preparation technique has been developed for plants with small chromosomes, which produces large numbers of good-quality mitotic preparations. The technique employs a hydrochloric acid treatment to hydrolyse the cytoplasm, facilitating the subsequent removal of cytoplasmic debris. The evaporative force of a methanol-based fixative is exploited to disperse the cytoplasm ...
Vitturi R - - 1999
Mitotic metaphase chromosomes of the scarab beetle Thorectes intermedius (Costa) (Coleoptera Scarabaeoidea: Geotrupidae) were analyzed using various banding methods and fluorescent in-situ hybridization (FISH) with a ribosomal probe. The results obtained indicate that silver and CMA3 staining are unable to localize the chromosome sites of nucleolar organizer regions (NORs). Such ...
Lourenço L B - - 1998
The nucleolus organizer regions (NORs) of both karyotypes I and II of Physalaemus petersi (Jiménez de la Espada, 1872) from the Brazilian Amazon were studied by Giemsa staining, and by the Ag-NOR method. Karyological group I specimens were also studied by the fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) technique. Multiple NOR-bearing ...
Stein C K - - 1998
Giemsa-11 or G-11 is a specialized staining technique utilized to (1) differentiate heterochromatic regions of human chromosomes, (2) identify the presence of human chromosomes in human-rodent hybrid cells, and (3) identify human-rodent translocation products in hybrid cells. Earlier procedures, though useful, are problematic and may fail to yield results due ...
Kokalj-Vokac N - - 1998
DNA methylation level and pattern of human metaphase chromosomes from extraembryonic tissues (chorionic villi and placental fibroblasts) were analysed in situ. The DNA methylation global level of these tissues was studied by comparing them with the one observed in fetal fibroblasts and adult lymphocytes. In order to assess the tissue ...
Chana H - - 1998
This paper describes an unusual clinical report of degradation of an endodontic silver point within the root canal of a lower right first premolar. Its apical portion was found to be degrading and at one stage a small portion became separated from its main body and was displaced apically. The ...
Fujii M T - - 1998
The aceto-iron hematoxylin method of Wittmann for algal chromosomes was improved by replacing the chloral hydrate and slide heating steps with 5 N HCl hydrolysis. Squashing of the unstained material under the coverslip followed by coverslip removal and air drying allowed rapid and more homogeneous staining. Additional procedures were developed ...
Fernández-García J L - - 1998
In order to elucidate the structural chromosome organization of the heterochromatic regions in sheep, we have used C-banding, silver-staining, sequential CDD technique and restriction endonuclease banding. By these banding techniques we obtained four fractions of repetitive DNA, the autosomal fractions A and B, the C fraction in the X chromosome, ...
Wachira, F.N.
Nucleoli and Nucleolus regions (NORs) in diploid, triploid and tetraploid tea (Camellia sinensis L.) were stained using a simplified technique of silver staining based on the colloidal two-stage method. Nucleoli were visualised in interphase nuclei as black spots against a yellow background. The mode of nucleolar number corresponded to multiples ...
d'Onofrio G - - 1997
The Abbott Cell Dyn 4000 (CD4000) is the first haematology analyser in which fully-automated reticulocyte measurements can be routinely determined by fluorescence as part of the full blood count. This communication reports the first evaluation of this method which was undertaken by three independent reference laboratories in Belgium, Germany and ...
Barzotti R - - 1997
Asellus aquaticus is an isopod crustacean whose chromosomes cannot be differentiated by G- or R-banding techniques. In this work, we have obtained a longitudinal differentiation of these chromosomes by in situ nick translation using restriction enzymes (HaeIII, DraI and BamHI) and DNase I digestions. The four nucleases, with different efficiencies, ...
Casartelli G G Environmental Tumours Center-Mutagenesis Laboratory, National Institute for Research on Cancer, Genoa, - - 1997
To evaluate the influence of methodologic variables, staining method and sampling, on the frequency of micronuclei scored in squamous epithelial cells of oral mucosa. Micronuclei were used as biomarkers of structural and numerical chromosome damage. Feulgen and Giemsa stain and fluorescent dyes Hoechst 33258 and propidium iodide were used for ...
Kato A - - 1997
An improved method for counting chromosomes in maize (Zea mays L.) is presented. Application of cold treatment (5C, 24 hr), heat treatment (42 C, 5 min) and a second cold treatment (5C, 24 hr) to root tips before fixation increased the number of condensed and dispersed countable metaphase chromosome figures. ...
Rogatcheva M B - - 1997
The genes for major ribosomal RNA were localized on chromosomes 5pter-p15, 9q64-qter, and 13q38-qter of the house musk shrew, Suncus murinus (Insectivora, Soricidae) by silver staining of mitotic metaphase and meiotic pachytene spreads and fluorescence in situ hybridization using the human 28S-RNA genes as a probe to mitotic metaphase spreads. ...
Rossi A R - - 1997
A cytogenetic investigation was carried out on specimens of Liza ramada, a mugilid species common in the Mediterranean sea. The analysis of chromosomes was performed through Ag-staining, C-banding, chromomycin A3 and DAPI staining, and fluorescent in situ hybridization with ribosomal genes. The results obtained are discussed with respect to cytotaxonomic ...
Lorite P - - 1997
This study analyses the NORs of Tapinoma nigerrimum, a species that, as known from previous studies, has various chromosomes which carry a NOR site. The analysis was made by a combination of three methods: silver nitrate staining, in situ hybridization with fluorescein-or digoxigenin-labelled probes, and staining with the CG-specific fluorochrome ...
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