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McNally L R - - 2005
Laser microdissection of individual mammalian chromosomes (> 2 microm) has been achieved though the use of a microscope slide coated with a polyethylene naphthalate (PEN) membrane. Although these slides have proved sufficient for larger chromosomes, they are insufficient for small chromosomes (< 1 microm). We have developed a new type ...
Bangs Charles D - - 2005
Chromosome preparations currently provide the only direct view of the genome as a whole. Although molecular methods allow a more detailed analysis of specific regions of the genome, the study of genetics is not complete without an appreciation of the metaphase cell. The stimulated T cell system described in this ...
Criniti A - - 2005
Chromatin organization in the holocentric chromosomes of the green apple aphid Aphis pomi has been investigated at a cytological level after C-banding, NOR, Giemsa, fluorochrome staining and fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH). C-banding technique showed that heterochromatic bands are exclusively located on X chromosomes. This data represents a peculiar feature ...
Addy M - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Tooth staining is a common side effect of chlorhexidine mouth rinses and caused by the interaction of the di-cationic antiseptic with dietary chromogens. A product is now available, which claims an anti-discolouration system (ADS) with one clinical study in support. This study in vitro aims to determine ...
Guo Jian J College of Life Science, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210097, People's Republic of China. - - 2005
To determine whether rDNA of Giardia lamblia forms a nucleolus organizer region (NOR)-like structure and is in a very primitive state. G lamblia was used as the experimental animal, with Euglena gracilis as the control. The distribution was demonstrated indirectly by the modified Ag-I silver technique, which can specifically indicate ...
Feucht W - - 2005
Young anthers excised from closed tea flower buds ( Camellia sinensis L.) were stained as fresh tissues with p-dimethylaminocinnamaldehyde reagent to localize flavanols associated with nuclei and chromosomes, apart from those flavanols stored in vacuoles. This staining reagent yields a blue colour for flavanols. In the nonsporogenic somatic cells of ...
Knuutila Sakari - - 2005
The morphology antibody chromosome (MAC) technique is a powerful combination of methods that permits analysis of both phenotype and genotype on a single interphase or mitotic cell as a basis for lineage analysis of neoplastic and normal cells. This unit describes MAC with sequential phenotypic analysis using antibody and an ...
König Peter - - 2005
We present a novel preparation method for studies of in vitro reconstituted mitotic chromosomes from Xenopus laevis egg extracts. This method involves a gentle adsorption of chromosomes from the extracts using surface affinity enrichment, followed by plunge freezing, freeze-substitution and cryo-embedding before examination by EM tomography. For comparison, chromosomes were ...
Ross Fiona M - - 2005
Culture and transport methods are described that allow chromosomes to be obtained from lymph node biopsies with a high success rate, even when the biopsy is taken at a distant site from the cytogenetic laboratory. Optimal banding techniques for the identification of these chromosomes are given, along with hints on ...
Halverson G R - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Polyagglutination refers to red blood cells (RBCs) that are agglutinated by a high proportion of ABO-matched adult sera but not by cord sera. Polyagglutinable RBCs have been associated with microbial infection, myeloproliferative disorders, and myelodysplasia. Lectins aid in the identification of polyagglutination. CASE STUDY: A Hispanic male infant with ...
El Shabrawi-Caelen Laila - - 2004
Pigmented actinic keratosis is one of the simulators of early melanoma in situ from severely sun-damaged skin. Close scrutiny of the hematoxylin and eosin stained section does not always allow an unequivocal diagnosis, because it is sometimes difficult to distinguish pigmented keratinocytes from melanocytes. Immunohistochemical stains, such as S-100 and ...
Johnson Eugene H - - 2004
Ever since its first description in 1918, Dientamoeba fragilis has struggled to gain recognition as a significant pathogen. There is little justification for this neglect, however, since there exists a growing body of case reports from numerous countries around the world that have linked this protozoal parasite to clinical manifestations ...
Kimura Eiji - - 2004
Human metaphase chromosomes, in which 5-bromo-deoxyuridine (BrdU) had been incorporated into the DNA, were treated with the fluorescent plus Giemsa (FPG) method. Use of this method distinctly stained one of the paired sister chromatids with the Giemsa solution due to the difference in content of BrdU in the two chromatids. ...
Kuta Elzbieta - - 2004
Chromosomes and nuclear DNA amount were analyzed in leaf tissues of Luzula nivea, Luzula luzuloides, and Luzula multiflora. Intra- and interspecific karyological variability was stated. Chromosome numbers in diploids ranged 2n = 8-24 in L. nivea and L. luzuloides and 2n = 12-84 in hexaploid L. multiflora. Karyological variability resulted ...
Williams R S - - 2004
Several nasendoscopic techniques have been described to improve the view of different anatomical subsites when assessing the laryngopharynx. A prospective study was undertaken to compare and evaluate the views obtained with each of the different techniques employed in the nasendoscopic examination of the upper aero-digestive tract. No visualization manoeuvres were ...
Alberghini M - - 2004
Elastofibroma dorsi is a pseudotumoral fibroproliferative lesion characterized by polymorphic fiber-like deposits of elastinophilic material. Several theories have been reported explaining the pathogenesis of elastofibroma. Recent cytogenetic studies have demonstrated chromosomal instability in elastofibromas, not normally observed in non-neoplastic tissues. These chromosomal defects are commonly observed in aggressive fibromatosis too. ...
Rubtsov N B - - 2004
Comparative analysis of micro B and macro B chromosomes of the Korean field mouse Apodemus peninsulae, collected in populations from Siberia and the Russian Far East, was performed with Giemsa, DAPI, Ag-NOR staining and chromosome painting with whole and partial chromosome probes generated by microdissection and DOP-PCR. DNA composition of ...
Woznicki Pawel - - 2004
The chromosome complement of the freshwater mussel Anodonta anatina was studied using Giemsa, Ag-NOR and chromomycin A3 staining. The diploid chromosome number of this species is 2n=38 and the arm number (NF) = 76. The nucleolar organizer region (NOR) was found on one chromosome pair and it was connected to ...
de Souza Lenice - - 2004
Cytogenetic studies were carried out on seven specimens of Pimelodus heraldoi and sixteen specimens of Pimelodus sp., both from the Parana River basin. The two species had the same diploid number of 56 chromosomes: P. heraldoi with 22M+22SM+6ST+6A and FN of 106 and Pimelodus sp. with 24M+26SM+4ST+2A and FN of ...
Lianos Panagiotis - - 2004
This work is a short review of studies on nanocomposite organic-inorganic gels by stretched-exponential analysis of fluorescence decay profiles. Emphasis is given to the conditions which allow maximum probe mobility and minimum confinement conditions with the aim to assess ionic conductivity in these materials and with the purpose to employ ...
Cho J J Department of Biomedical Engineering, Inje University, Kimhae, South - - 2004
A hierarchical multi-layer neural network with an error back-propagation training algorithm has been adopted for the automatic classification of Giemsa-stained human chromosomes. The first step classifies chromosomes data into 7 major groups based on their morphological features such as relative length, relative area, centromeric index, and 80 density profiles. The ...
Rosoklija Gorazd - - 2003
Golgi impregnation is unique in its ability to display the dendritic trees of large numbers of individual neurons. However, its reputation for inconsistency leaves many investigators reluctant to embrace this methodology, particularly for the study of formalin-fixed human brain tissue. After reviewing the literature, testing a variety of technical variations, ...
Smolarz K - - 2003
Chromosome analysis of gill cells of different populations of Macoma balthica (L.) from the Bay of Gdansk (Baltic Sea) revealed 2 clam categories, 1 with neoplastic features and 1 without. Silver-staining was performed on interphase and metaphase cells of both categories. The mean argyrophilic nucleolar organizer region (AgNOR) count per ...
Swarça Ana C - - 2003
The chromosomes of Steindachneridion sp. (2n = 56) and Rhamdia quelen (2n = 58) were analyzed by C-banding (CB) and Chromomycin A3 (CMA3) and 4,6-diamidino-2-phenylindole (DAPI) staining, separately and consecutively, in order to understand the role of base-specific fluorochrome treatment after CB. Both species' chromosomes shared common staining profiles as ...
Hoffmann F - - 2003
Siliceous and calcareous sponges commonly are treated with acid to remove the spicules prior to embedding and cutting for histological investigations. Histology of spiculated sponge tissue represents a challenging problem in sponge histotechnology. Furthermore, fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), a key method for studying sponge-associated microbes, is not possible after ...
Waldstein Daniel E - - 2003
The density of microcapsules was compared on 'Golden Delicious' mature and immature foliage, fruit, and 1-yr-old limbs after dip treatments with Phase III oriental fruit moth, Grapholita molesta (Busck), microencapsulated pheromone. Microcapsules were counted with a dissecting microscope at 50x magnification after apple tissues were treated with a two-step dye ...
Kasahara S - - 2003
A comparative cytogenetic analysis was carried out on four Hylinae tree frogs from Brazil ((Aparasphenodon brunoi, Corythomantis greeningi, Osteocephalus langsdorffii, and Scinax fuscovarius) using Giemsa staining, BrdU replication banding, Ag-NOR staining, C-banding, DAPI and CMA(3) fluorochrome staining, and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) with an rDNA probe. All the species ...
Deng Wen - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The success of complex molecular cytogenetic studies depends on having properly spread chromosomes. However, inconsistency of optimum chromosome spreading remains a major problem in cytogenetic studies. METHODS: The metaphase spreading process was carefully timed to identify the most critical phase of chromosome spreading. The effects of dropping height of ...
Leite-Silva Cleide - - 2003
The karyotypes of the bat species Molossus ater, M. molossus (2n = 48; NF = 64) and Molossops planirostris (2n = 34; NF = 60) were analyzed by G-, C-banding, silver nitrate staining (AgNO3), base-specific fluorochromes and fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH). The two species of Molossus presented the constitutive ...
Kuznetsova Valentina G - - 2003
The karyotype of the meadow spittlebug Philaenus spumarius (L.) was studied using conventional chromosome staining, C- and AgNOR- banding, and fluorescent CMA3- and DAPI- techniques. This is the first report on differential staining of the holocentric chromosomes of Auchenorrhyncha. The karyotype of Ph. spumarius includes 2n = 22 + XX/X0. ...
Skacel Marek - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: The frequency of progression from low grade dysplasia (LGD) to high grade dysplasia/carcinoma (HGD/ CA) in Barrett's esophagus (BE) varies among studies. Current assessment is made more difficult because of pathologists' interobserver variability in diagnosing LGD. We recently conducted an interobserver study on LGD and reported a positive correlation ...
Vazquez-Cooz I - - 2002
We investigated the use of safranin O and astra blue dissolved in ethyl alcohol as differential stains to distinguish between lignified and unlignified tissues in microtome sections of tension and normal wood of sugar and red maple. Normal wood was used as a control for the histochemical analysis. Lignified and ...
Sacks Zachary S - - 2002
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Femtosecond pulses can generate high precision subsurface photodisruption in transparent tissues, such as the cornea. We used femtosecond laser technology to demonstrate early proof of concept for high precision subsurface photodisruption in the translucent sclera. This technique may ultimately enable novel surgical procedures for the treatment of ...
Vega-Alvarado L - - 2002
This paper reports results for a new measure of texture coarseness, as a step towards automation of metaphase finding in cell-proliferation studies. This measure is highly specific to grey-level inter-chromosome coarseness features in microscopic images of metaphase spreads and allows the texture quantification of cytological objects, analysing the intensity profile ...
Rozental Tatiana - - 2002
Ticks were obtained from dogs from February to September of 1999 at weekly intervals, in the County of Piraí, State of Rio de Janeiro. Four hundred seventy four ixodids were taxonomically identified, 103 Amblyomma cajennense, seven Amblyomma ovale, 209 Rhipicephalus sanguineus, and 155 Amblyomma sp. An hemolymph test associated with ...
Yoshino Tomoyuki - - 2002
The present study investigated the applicability of scanning near-field optical/atomic force microscopy (SNOM/AFM) to observations of YOYO-1 stained barley chromosomes. Using this technique, topographic and fluorescent images in the same portion were obtained simultaneously, thus enabling the precise analysis of fluorescent structures in relation to the morphology of chromosomes. In ...
Dobigny G - - 2002
In spite of uncertainty about the biochemical processes involved, silver staining is a widely used technique for assessing the locations of active NORs in eukaryotic genomes in general, and in mammalian genomes in particular. However, following a previous study of hedgehog chromosomes, we present here a second example from two ...
Bibbo Marluce - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To develop a procedure for the immunocytochemical detection of P16INK4A in ThinPrep specimens. STUDY DESIGN: Archived ThinPrep, liquid-based cervical/endocervical cytology specimens (Cytyc Corp., Boxborough, Massachusetts, U.S.A.) diagnosed as LSIL, HSIL and WNL were resampled and fixed in 95% ethanol for at least three days. Rehydration and endogenous peroxidase blocking ...
Dundas S R - - 2001
Combining fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and indirect immunofluorescence staining of protein markers provides a highly specific method for identifying chromosomes in phenotypically defined cells and tissues. We developed a technique enabling dual chromosome painting and immunofluorescence staining of archival formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded material, and used this to phenotype chimeric cells ...
Kohda A - - 2001
Effects of ICRF-193, a topoisomerase II inhibitor, on metaphase chromosome preparations were examined. A short-time exposure of this drug to human HL60 cells in a suspension culture before harvest resulted in obtaining more extended metaphase chromosomes. The length of chromosome 6 identified by fluorescence in situ hybridization was twice as ...
Bree A F - - 2001
BACKGROUND: The unique immunobiology of the placental trophoblast and the increased incidence of hemangiomas in infants born after chorionic villus sampling suggest that an immunologically regulated ectopic focus of trophoblasts could be the cell of origin for proliferative infantile hemangiomas. OBJECTIVE: To compare tissue from infantile hemangiomas with that of ...
Choochote W - - 2001
The application of ethanol-extracted Gloriosa superba for metaphase chromosome preparation in adult and 4th larva Aedes aegypti revealed that 0.5-8% ethanol-extracted Gl. superba solution could be used instead of 1% colchicine in Hanks' balanced salt solution. For adult mosquitos, the metaphase rates and average number of metaphase chromosomes per positive ...
Novello A - - 2001
After treatment with the endonuclease AluI for 6 or 24 h, chromosomes of two populations of the South American rodent Ctenomys presented an asymmetric banding pattern after Giemsa staining. These asymmetric patterns were chromosome specific (each chromosome of a pair showed different banding pattern) but constant from cell to cell ...
BoroĊ„ A - - 2001
The present work provides new data on the banding pattern of two cyprinid fish species Phoxinus phoxinus and Eupallasella perenurus from Poland. C-banding, silver-staining (Ag), and fluorescent staining with chromomycin A3 techniques were used to describe the karyotypes. Both of the species karyotypes of 2n = 50 were characterised by ...
Sola L - - 2001
The zebrafish, Danio rerio, has recently become the model system for the genetic analysis of vertebrate development. This paper reviews the advances in zebrafish cytogenetics, obtained through classical and molecular techniques, which will lead to the assignment of specific linkage groups to specific chromosome pairs in the zebrafish genome project. ...
Bernardino-Sgherri J - - 2001
In metaphases from female mouse fibroblasts, successive stainings by Giemsa and DAPI and immunolabeling of 5-methylcytosine were performed with or without bromodeoxyuridine pretreatment. It was shown that, compared to all other chromosomes, the late replicating X is the least methylated, the most compacted, and the most intensely stained by DAPI ...
Jiang W - - 2000
The effects of different concentrations (10-5 - 10-2 M) of copper sulfate on root growth, cell division and nucleoli in root-tip cells of Helianthus annuus L. were investigated. Cu had an inhibitory effect on the root growth at 10-4 - 10-2 M during the entire treatment. Cu has toxic effects ...
Glandières J M - - 2000
The composite fluorescence emission from the two tryptophans (W7 and W14) of horse heart apomyoglobin was explored by fluorescence quenching experiments. The fluorescence of the W7 residue is the only one involved in the quenching by iodide or trichloroethanol (TCE) titration. The fluorescence contribution of W7 is 49% of the ...
Hayman R - - 2000
Desmin has been suggested as a possible histopathological marker for hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) in humans. To test whether a similar pattern of desmin staining applies to HCM in cats, we conducted an immunohistochemical study on myocardial samples from 13 cats (HCM 4, other cardiomyopathies (OCM) 4, and control 5). The ...
Li T F - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To investigate expression of vitronectin (VN) and its integrin (Int) receptors in synovial membrane-like interface tissue (SMLIT) in aseptic loosening of total hip replacement (THR), and the potential role of VN-Int interaction in production of collagenase-3. METHODS: Avidin-biotin-peroxidase complex (ABC) staining was used to detect distribution of VN and ...
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