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Barone Chiara - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: 45,X/46,XY mosaicism is an uncommon chromosomal anomaly with a range of phenotypes from normal males to cases of multiple congenital anomalies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We report a case with associated cleft lip and epispadias prenatally diagnosed with autopsy evidences. CONCLUSION: Our case, with an uncommon association of congenital anomalies, ...
Kirsch-Volders Micheline - - 2011
Micronuclei (MN) are small, extranuclear bodies that arise in dividing cells from acentric chromosome/chromatid fragments or whole chromosomes/chromatids lagging behind in anaphase and are not included in the daughter nuclei at telophase. The mechanisms of MN formation are well understood; their possible postmitotic fate is less evident. The MN assay ...
Galloway Sheila - - 2011
The selection of maximum concentrations for in vitro mammalian cell genotoxicity assays was reviewed at the 5th International Workshop on Genotoxicity Testing (IWGT), 2009. Currently, the top concentration recommended when toxicity is not limiting is 10mM or 5mg/ml, whichever is lower. The discussion was whether to reduce the limit, and ...
Yang E N - - 2011
Leaf rolling occurs in some cereal genotypes in response to drought. We identified and made a phenotypic, cytological and physiological analysis of a leaf-rolling genotype (CMH83) of hexaploid triticale (X Triticosecale Wittmack) that exhibited reduced plant height, rolled and narrow leaves. Gliadin electrophoresis of seed protein showed that CMH83 was ...
Forche A - - 2011
Genetic diversity is often generated during adaptation to stress, and in eukaryotes some of this diversity is thought to arise via recombination and reassortment of alleles during meiosis. Candida albicans, the most prevalent pathogen of humans, has no known meiotic cycle, and yet it is a heterozygous diploid that undergoes ...
Stevens J B - - 2011
Chromosome fragmentation (C-Frag) is a newly identified MCD (mitotic cell death), distinct from apoptosis and MC (mitotic catastrophe). As different molecular mechanisms can induce C-Frag, we hypothesize that the general mechanism of its induction is a system response to cellular stress. A clear link between C-Frag and diverse system stresses ...
Shee Chandan C Department of Molecular and Human Genetics, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX, - - 2011
Stress-induced mutation is a collection of molecular mechanisms in bacterial, yeast and human cells that promote mutagenesis specifically when cells are maladapted to their environment, i.e. when they are stressed. Here, we review one molecular mechanism: double-strand break (DSB)-dependent stress-induced mutagenesis described in starving Escherichia coli. In it, the otherwise ...
Rivkees Scott A - - 2011
Turner syndrome (TS) occurs when an X-chromosome is completely or partially deleted or when X-chromosomal mosaicism is present. Girls with TS benefit from early diagnosis and treatment with GH; however, many girls with TS are not detected until after 10 yr of age, resulting in delayed evaluation and treatment. We ...
Shen Bo - - 2010
Validation and dissection of a QTL region for leaf traits in rice which has been reported in a number of independent studies were conducted. Three sets of near isogenic lines (NILs) were originated from a residual heterozygous line derived the indica cross Zhenshan 97B/Milyang 46. They were overlapping and totally ...
Pimpinelli Sergio - - 2010
In this protocol, larval brains from Drosophila are incubated in vitro with colchicine, treated with hypotonic solution, fixed, and squashed in aceto-orcein. This procedure provides a large number of well-spread metaphase figures (200-400 per brain) that can be analyzed for chromosome morphology, the presence of chromosome aberrations, and the degree ...
Law Ga-Lai - - 2010
The emission intensity of a monocationic Tb or Eu(III) complex of a bis(1-azaxanthone) ligand is enhanced in the presence of serum albumin; the lanthanide complex stains dividing cells, allowing visualisation of mitotic chromosomes.
Tsuda J R - - 2010
Five specimens of Rhamdia quelen collected from the Lindóia Stream, PR, Brazil, were cytogenetically analyzed. The diploid chromosome number found was 58, including 30 metacentric, 16 submetacentric, 10 subtelocentric, and 2 acrocentric chromosomes. Supernumerary or B chromosomes, frequently observed in this fish group, were not detected. One of the individuals ...
Papavasileiou Dimitrios - - 2009
Based on the prognostic role of Her-2 amplification and protein overexpression in breast cancer, various studies have been performed in oral squamous cell carcinomas (OSCC) with inconsistent results. As in invasive breast carcinomas Her-2 overexpression has been related to an increased number of chromosome 17 copies, a common chromosomal alteration ...
Shao Chang-Wei - - 2010
Here we present a comparison of the different chromosome preparation methods, including the method of the single embryo or larva, the method of juvenile-swimming and the method of phytohemagglutinin injection, used for the different developmental stages of the half-smooth tongue sole, Cynoglossus semilaevis. The mean index of mitosis for the ...
Noothi Sunil K - - 2010
Studies on the physical nature of the structural heterogeneity of chromatin in their native states are few. The eukaryotic chromatin as observed by dye staining studies is of heterogeneous intensity when observed by fluorescent stains, where less and more bright regions apparently correspond to euchromatin and heterochromatin respectively. These are ...
He Junlin - - 2009
An improved method, which exhibited simultaneously clearly kinetochores and the nucleolar organizer regions of human chromosomes by pretreating of human metaphase chromosomes with HCl and NaOH, followed by staining with silver nitrate and visualizing using ammoniacal silver, is described in the present communication. It has important role for analysis of ...
Jikuzono Tomoo - - 2009
Cyclin D1 is an important cell-cycle regulator that drives the cell cycle from the G1 phase to the S phase. Elevated nuclear cyclin D1 expression has been found in human tumors, including thyroid carcinoma. Protein production is known to require DNA amplification in each cell, but reports of such amplification ...
Tsuchiya Dai - - 2009
The genus Daphnia has an intriguing reproductive mode of cyclical parthenogenesis. This reproductive mode has been studied for centuries, but cytogenetic information is lacking due to technical limitations of classical methods. We have developed methods for the preparation and examination of meiotic chromosomes of Daphnia pulex from oocytes and spermatocytes. ...
Zolan Miriam E - - 2009
The basidiomycete fungus Coprinus cinereus has naturally synchronous meiosis and is amenable to analysis using an array of well-developed genetic and molecular tools. In this chapter, we explain in detail the two methods most commonly employed for C. cinereus, staining of intact gill segments and chromosome spreads, with an example ...
Ghazizadeh Mohammad - - 2008
Observation of the internal ultrastructure of human chromosomes by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) has frequently been attempted in spite of the difficulties in detaching metaphase chromosome spreads from the glass slide for further processing. In this study we have used a method in which metaphase chromosome spreads were prepared on ...
Zhang Jian-Fei - - 2008
Until now there has been no definitive anatomical study of the boundary between hepatic subsegments IVa and IVb. In this study, we used a multicolor segmental corrosion cast technique and a multicolor segmental technique on plastinated slices, in combination with helical CT three-dimensional (3D) reconstruction on 15 donated fresh isolated ...
Vasanjee Sunil C - - 2008
This study was designed to identify and quantify synoviocyte phenotypes enveloping the canine anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) to test the hypothesis that there are at least two synoviocyte phenotypes, each with distinct quantities and topographical distributions. CD18 and HSP25 epitopes were colocalized in the synovium of 10 normal canine ACLs. ...
Iqbal, A.N.M.Z.
Chromosomes of Perna viridis were characterized by karyotype analysis, C-banding and nucleolus organizer regions (NORs). The diploid chromosome number was confirmed as 30 and the karyotype is composed of ten metacentric and five submetacentric chromosome pairs. Constitutive heterochromatin blocks were found on all chromosomal pairs except chromosomal pair 15, which ...
Immonen Riikka J - - 2008
We tested a hypothesis that manganese enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MEMRI) after systemic injection of MnCl(2) could detect axonal sprouting in the hippocampus following kainate (KA) induced status epilepticus (SE). MEMRI was performed at 3 h, 25 h, 4 days, and 2 months post-SE. To assess the contribution of various ...
Fukui Kiichi - - 2008
Chromosomes are supermolecules that contain most of the DNA within a cell and are visible under optical and electron microscopes. Although they were observed at the earliest stage of genetics, their fundamental structure is not yet understood. The reasons for this are debated among researchers; however, it is clear that ...
Liu Lin - - 2008
Novel tissue engineering scaffold materials of nano-hydroxyapatite (nHA)/silk fibroin (SF) biocomposite were prepared by freeze-drying. The needle-like nHA crystals of about 10 nm in diameter by 50-80 nm in length, which were uniformly distributed in the porous nHA/SF scaffolds, were prepared by a co-precipitation method with a size. The as-prepared ...
Jones Timothy D - - 2007
Inverted papilloma of the urinary bladder and urothelial carcinoma with an inverted (endophytic) growth pattern may be difficult to distinguish histologically, especially in small biopsies. The distinction is important as these lesions have very different biologic behaviors and are treated differently. We examined histologic features and undertook immunohistochemical staining and ...
Ornelas-Almeida Maria Angela - - 2007
Nodular trombiculinosis has been reported in Brazil in chickens [Torres, S., Braga, W., 1939. Apolonia tigipioensis, g. e sp. n. (Trombiculinae) parasito de Gallus gallus dom. Chave para determinação de gêneros. Boletim da S.A.I.C. 4, 37-44] and humans [Carneiro, L.S., 1952. Uma nova acaríase humana - Contribuição ao seu estudo. ...
Morielle-Souza Alessandra - - 2008
Aspects of nucleolar activity during spermatogenesis were assessed in three triatomine species (Panstrongylus megistus, Rhodnius pallescens and Triatoma infestans) using cytochemical and fluorescent staining techniques. Toluidine blue and a variant of critical electrolytic concentration (CEC) allowed the discrimination of rRNA providing structural details of the nucleolus and RNA distribution during ...
Venere Paulo Cesar - - 2008
The karyotypic and chromosomal characteristics of the hatchetfish Thoracocharax stellatus from the Araguaia River, Brazil (Araguaia-Tocantins basin) were analyzed using Giemsa, AgNO(3), and CMA(3) fluorescent staining, and C-banding. The diploid chromosome number was 54 and the karyotypes of females and males were composed of six metacentrics, six submetacentrics, six subtelocentrics ...
Memeo Lorenzo - - 2007
Immunohistochemical staining for cytokeratin 7 (CK7), KIT, and PAX2 expression was performed on 91 renal neoplasms, 37 conventional (clear cell) renal cell carcinomas (CRCCs), 20 papillary RCCs (PRCCs), 11 chromophobe RCCs (ChCs), and 23 oncocytomas, with available karyotypes. All ChCs, 19 PRCCs, 2 CRCCs, and 1 oncocytoma were CK7+; all ...
Engelhardt Peter - - 2007
The evolvement of preparative methods in structural studies has always been as important as the development of sophisticated equipment. Software development is also a significant part for three-dimensional (3D) structural studies using electron tomography methods (ETMs). Advanced computing makes amenable procedures that relatively recently were only visionary, such as the ...
Xing Yun - - 2007
Bioconjugated quantum dots (QDs) provide a new class of biological labels for evaluating biomolecular signatures (biomarkers) on intact cells and tissue specimens. In particular, the use of multicolor QD probes in immunohistochemistry is considered one of the most important and clinically relevant applications. At present, however, clinical applications of QD-based ...
Morielle-Souza A - - 2007
A comparative study of holocentric chromosomes in the triatomine species Panstrongylus megistus, Rhodnius pallescens and Triatoma infestans was carried out in order to characterize heterochromatin, rDNA active sites and nucleolar proteins. Cytological preparations of seminiferous tubules were stained by silver impregnation, C banding, fluorochromes cma3/da and dapi/da, and fluorescent in ...
Tschöp Matthias H - - 2006
Every evening, as we get ready for dinner, in addition to the routine behaviors of preparing the meal itself, we also prepare our bodies to cope with the upcoming meal. This could take the form of making restaurant reservations, changing into appropriate attire, washing hands, priming ourselves with an aperitif, ...
Ng Bee Ling - - 2006
BACKGROUND: One of the major factors which influences the chromosome purity achievable particularly during high speed sorting is the analytical resolution of individual chromosome peaks in the flow karyotype, as well as the amount of debris and fragmented chromosomes. We have investigated the factors involved in the preparation of chromosome ...
Wieloch Wioletta - - 2006
Many attempts have been made to study the chromosomes of fungi, but a major problem is that fungal nuclei are so small. Fungal chromosomes are at the lowest resolution of light microscopy; thus few attempts to visualise fungal chromosomes have been successful. Fungi examined have been mainly Ascomycotina. The number ...
Ojeda Jenifer F - - 2006
The ability to identify specific chromosomes with certainty has been established by the development of several cytogenetic techniques based on staining. Here, we report the use of a new optical technique, laser tweezers and Raman spectroscopy (LTRS), to capture and manipulate chromosomes in order to obtain their spectral patterns for ...
Silva Ana Paula Zampieri - - 2006
Specimens of Leptodactylus mystacinus from Brazil were karyotyped with conventional and differential staining. The 2n = 22 karyotype is similar to that found for the majority of the Leptodactylus, the karyotypic conservatism also confirmed by the similarity of the replication banding patterns with those previously described. L. mystacinus has a ...
Soleimani R - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Ovarian tissue cryopreservation and transplantation are becoming increasingly important issues for preserving female fertility as shown by recent successes in restoring ovarian activity and even fertility. Primordial follicle content before transplantation is a key issue for success. We investigated two novel methods to detect primordial follicles in human ovarian ...
Petkeviciƫte R - - 2006
Karyotypes of three dilepidid species: Molluscotaenia crassiscolex, Anomotaenia bacilligera and Dilepis undula, which have not been recorded previously, were studied using conventional Giemsa staining and comparative karyometric analysis. Twelve small biarmed chromosomes were observed in mitotic cells of M. crassiscolex, 16 biarmed chromosomes of gradually decreasing size were found in ...
She C W - - 2006
Mitotic chromosome spreads of 16 plant species belonging to six families were analyzed using an improved combined PI and DAPI (CPD) staining procedure. Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) with 45S rDNA probe was conducted sequentially on the same spreads to evaluate the efficiency and sensitivity of the technique. Fluorochrome staining ...
Wright Jane E - - 2006
Human ribosomal genes are located in NORs (nucleolar organizer regions) on the short arms of acrocentric chromosomes. During metaphase, previously active NORs appear as prominent chromosomal features termed secondary constrictions, which are achromatic in chromosome banding and positive in silver staining. The architectural RNA polymerase I transcription factor UBF (upstream ...
Severi-Aguiar G D C - - 2006
Some aspects of both the nucleolar organizer activity and meiosis were studied in the testes of Triatoma vitticeps (Heteroptera, Triatominae). The techniques used included squashing followed by lacto-acetic orcein staining, silver-ion impregnation, fluorescent banding (CMA3, Quinacrine mustard and DAPI) and fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH). A close relationship between heterochromatin ...
Altepeter J B - - 2005
Here we present experimental realizations of two new entanglement detection methods: a three-measurement Bell inequality inequivalent to the Clauser-Horne-Shimony-Holt inequality and a nonlinear Bell-type inequality based on the negativity measure. In addition, we provide an experimental and theoretical comparison between these new methods and several techniques already in use: the ...
McNally L R - - 2005
Laser microdissection of individual mammalian chromosomes (> 2 microm) has been achieved though the use of a microscope slide coated with a polyethylene naphthalate (PEN) membrane. Although these slides have proved sufficient for larger chromosomes, they are insufficient for small chromosomes (< 1 microm). We have developed a new type ...
Bangs Charles D - - 2005
Chromosome preparations currently provide the only direct view of the genome as a whole. Although molecular methods allow a more detailed analysis of specific regions of the genome, the study of genetics is not complete without an appreciation of the metaphase cell. The stimulated T cell system described in this ...
Criniti A - - 2005
Chromatin organization in the holocentric chromosomes of the green apple aphid Aphis pomi has been investigated at a cytological level after C-banding, NOR, Giemsa, fluorochrome staining and fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH). C-banding technique showed that heterochromatic bands are exclusively located on X chromosomes. This data represents a peculiar feature ...
Addy M - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Tooth staining is a common side effect of chlorhexidine mouth rinses and caused by the interaction of the di-cationic antiseptic with dietary chromogens. A product is now available, which claims an anti-discolouration system (ADS) with one clinical study in support. This study in vitro aims to determine ...
Guo Jian - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether rDNA of Giardia lamblia forms a nucleolus organizer region (NOR)-like structure and is in a very primitive state. STUDY DESIGN: G lamblia was used as the experimental animal, with Euglena gracilis as the control. The distribution was demonstrated indirectly by the modified Ag-I silver technique, which ...
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