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Results 601 - 650 of 693
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Nardi I - - 1978
The mitotic chromosomes of six specimens from Triturus vulgaris meridionalis have been examined by both in situ hybridization with 3H 18S + 28S rRNA and AS-SAT staining method. The results of these two sets of experiments can be summarized as follows: 1) in each specimen the NORs and the additional ...
Kanda N - - 1978
The secondary constriction (SC) regions of human chromosomes A1, C9, and E16 were preferentially stained with Giemsa when the mitotic cells in a hypotonic solution were heated in a water bath before fixation. The staining intensity of these regions increased from E16 through A1 to C9. The SC region of ...
Brinkley B R - - 1978
A simple fluorescent method for double staining of mitotic cells using a rhodamine B indirect immunofluorescent method for tubulin and the DNA-specific fluorescent dye Hoechst 33258 for nuclei and chromosomes is described. This procedure enables one through the use of appropriate excitation filters to view at will either chromosomes and ...
Sahar E - - 1978
Intermolecular energy transfer between appropriately chosen pairs of dyes can be used to induce or enhance banding patterns in human metaphase chromosomes. Energy transfer, calibrated by fluorometric studies on soluble dye.DNA complexes, can also be detected by photometric measurements on cytological preparations of metaphase chromosomes stained with pairs of fluorochromes. ...
Ruvinsky A O - - 1978
Sex-dependent differences in the state of the nuclear chromatin of somatic cells were found in Daphnia pulex. It is suggested that the genome of Daphnia pulex has two developmental programmes based on identical chromosome sets. The female programme consistently functions under a wide range of ecological conditions, whereas the male ...
Buys C H - - 1978
The use of a combination of transmitted light and epiluminescence after silver and fluorescent staining of chromosome preparations makes it possible to achieve simultaneous visualization of silver-stained NORs and flourescent chromosomes. This technique permits exact localization of silver precipitates on normal and BrdU-substituted chromosomes. After previous silver impregnation, fluorescent staining ...
Gibas Z - - 1978
Isolabeling segments were found in the distal region of the long arm of Y chromosomes derived from human leukocytes grown through two replication cycles in medium containing BrdU and stained by the FPG technique. Three main types of Y chromosome staining patterns were demonstrated: I-Y chromosome with typical SCD, II-Y ...
Martin-DeLeon P A - - 1978
Nucleolar organizer regions (NOR's) were demonstrated in metaphase chromosomes of the domestic rabbit. Oryctolagus cuniculus (L.) (New Zealand white strain) using silver staining. Sequential quinacrine banding and a modification of the Ag-AS silver precipitation technique with duplicate photography allowed identification of silver staining NOR's on the short arms of chromosomes ...
Howell W M - - 1978
A simple and rapid technique is described whereby the nucleolus organizer regions (NORs) of human chromosomes can be differentially stained with silver. This staining is followed by trypsin-Giemsa banding on the same metaphase chromosomes. The metaphases simultaneously exhibit silver-stained NORs and G bands, allowing for the unequivocal identification of all ...
Howell W M - - 1978
Chromosomes from a patient with a satellited Yq were stained with a silver procedure that differentially stains nucleolus organizer regions. The Yqs stained heavily in all cells examined, indicating the presence of ribosomal cistrons at this region. The Yqs also entered into satellite associations with the D and G group ...
Zankl H - - 1978
The karyotype of two human meningiomas are reported in which, besides other aberrations, a deleted chromosome 1 and 6 could be observed. In these chromosomes most of the short arm is missing. After silver staining for the detection of NORs, not only the satellite regions of most of the acrocentric ...
Goto K - - 1978
Microspectrophotometric evaluation of differentially stained sister chromatids made it possible to analyse precisely the factors involved in the Giemsa methods. The concentration of Hoechst 33258, pH of the mounting medium temperature during UV-exposure and the quality (wavelength)of UV-light influenced the differential staining. Exposure of blacklight of 10(-5) M Hoechst 33528-stained ...
de Jong J H - - 1978
For a detailed study of chromosome morphology in meiotic prophase stages of Beta species, a special double staining technic has been developed. It consists of combined maceration-staining in an ethanol-hydrochloric acid-carmine mixture followed by poststaining of the squashed material in a diluted Giemsa solution. The technic yields well-spread prophase meiotic ...
Greer K E - - 1978
Three persons with hereditary sclerosing poikiloderma were studied to find any clue to explain the mechanism involved in producing the cutaneous lesions which are so striking clinically and also evident histologically. Investigational studies included a blood chemistry screen, chromosome analyses, and skin biopsies evaluated by routine stains as well as ...
Marković V D - - 1978
The inheritance of nucleolus organizer regions (NORs) was investigated by examining the degree of silver-staining in individual acrocentric chromosomes in two successive generations. The study was undertaken in six Down's syndrome children and their respective parents. Quinacrine fluorescent polymorphisms were used to identify individual acrocentrics and to determine which of ...
Goyanes V J - - 1978
Differential staining of sister chromatids in BrdU-substituted human chromosomes is demonstrated by an ammoniacal silver carbonate procedure. With this method the chromosomes exhibit a subchromatid structure. Because proteolytic treatment indicated that the silver carbonate binds the chromosome proteins, changes of these components may be inferred in the BrdU-substituted chromosomes. Sister ...
Lakhotia S C - - 1978
The heterochromatin in mitotic cells of larval neural ganglia of Drosophila nasuta has been analysed by C-banding and by fluorescence studies. All chromosomes, except the 'dot'-like 4th chromosome pair, carry large blocks of heterochromatin which are darkly stained by C-banding, and which fluoresce uniformly brightly with Hoechst 33258, quinacrine mustard, ...
Dubos C - - 1978
Three staining techniques (Giemsa, Q-banding and R-banding) are used consecutively to localize the breakage points in chromosomes of human lymphocytes, irradiated during G2-phase with gamma-rays, at doses ranging from 50 to 200 rad. The large majority, about 85% of the breaks, occurs at the interbands, between R- and Q-bands. The ...
Johnson W D - - 1978
The histologic appearances of tissues fixed by immersion and perfusion were compared, as well as the effects of these different fixatives: 10% neutral buffered formalin, Carnoy's fluid, and Bouin's fluid. Intravascular perfusion provided better tissue preservation than fixation by immersion. The quality of preservation by neutral buffered formalin was equal ...
Gendel S M - - 1978
When chromosomes of Allium cepa are subjected to a C-banding procedure (incubation in saturated barium hydroxide followed by phosphate buffer at 60 degrees C for 1 h) and then treated with Giemsa stain, bands appear at the telomeres of all chromosomes. Microspectrophotometric measurements of Feulgen-DNA content, demonstrated that the C-banding ...
Nand R - - 1978
Various reagents were tested for the purpose of developing an improved Giemsa staining technique for the differential staining of sister chromatids in human chromosomes. Reagents like acids, bases, buffers, protein denaturants and proteolytic enzymes were all potent inducers of differential staining. The best results were obtained by brief trypsinization followed ...
Dutt M K - - 1978
Acid hydrolysed DNA of rat liver was stained with Schiff's reagent at pHs 1.7 or 3.0 followed by staining with acriflavine-SO2 at pH 2.0 as well as with acriflavine-SO2 followed by Schiff's reagent at pH 1.7 or 3.0. Nuclei stained with Schiff's reagent at pH 1.7 were brown-yellow and an ...
Howell W M - - 1977
Duplicate staining of human metaphase chromosomes, first with Giemsa followed by silver, revealed the presence of two small silver-stained bodies not seen in the Giemsa stained metaphases. Similar bodies were subsequently found in the metaphases of several animal groups. The size, structure, spatial relationships to the nucleus, behavior throughout the ...
Schlammadinger J - - 1977
Netropsin, an oligopeptide-type basic antibiotic, having exclusively A-T-specific DNA-binding affinity and situating itself into the minor groove of the double helix, represses the development of Q-bands if human chromosome preparations are treated with it before quinacrine mustard staining. The most probable interpretation of this effect is that netropsin interferes with ...
Zelenin A V - - 1977
The fluorescence of Chironomus thummi giant chromosomes stained by acridine orange after mild acid hydrolysis (1N HCl at 37 degrees) has been studied. After very short hydrolysis as well as in control preparations (untreated by HCl) all chromosome regions show green fluorescence. After long hydrolysis (10 min) all chromosome bands ...
Latt S A - - 1977
Procedures employing fluorescent dyes or Giemsa stain have been utilized to differentiate methaphase chromosomes into longitudinal segments termed bands. In spite of the immense practical utility of chromosome banding, the chemical basis of banding patterns remains incompletely understood. Physical chemical studies have elucidated the modes and specificities of the interaction ...
Robinow C F - - 1977
Chromosomes have been counted with the light microscope in fixed and stained preparations of Schizosaccharomyces pombe. The least ambiguous images were seen in zygotes fixed at meta-, ana- and telophase of meiosis II. They suggest that the haploid number of chromosomes in S. pombe is three.
Schmid M - - 1977
Pre- and postmeiotic stages of male gametogenesis of 10 different vertebrate species belonging to mammals, birds, amphibians, and fishes were subjected to the Ag-AS staining technique (Goodpasture and Bloom, 1975). A uniform pattern of silver-staining is observable during spermatogenesis of the different vertebrate species. Silver-staining is present in spermatogonia and ...
Miller D A - - 1977
Methaphase chromosomes from karyotypically normal adult humans (three males, six females) and one male with a 13p - chromosome were stained by quinacrine and then by the Ag-AS silver staining method to reveal nucleolus organizer regions (NORs). Each person had a characteristic number of Ag-stained chromosomes per cell, always fewer ...
Engel W - - 1977
The Ag-AS method, developed by Goodpasture and Bloom (1975) strains transcriptionally active nucleolus organizer regions (NORs) on the chromosomes and in the interphase nuclei. Metaphases and interphase nuclei of early mouse embryos (unfertilized eggs, pronucleus stages, 2-, 4-, 8-cell stages, and morulae) were subjected to silver-staining. First staining of a ...
Jensen R H - - 1977
Requirements for flow cytometry of metaphase chromosomes stained with three deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)-specific fluorescent dyes--Hoechst 33258, Chromomycin A3, and ethidium bromide--are reviewed. Fluorescence properties of these three stains when bound to mitotic cells or to chromosomes in suspension are measured and compared with fluorescence properties when bound to DNA in ...
Lin B Y - - 1977
A new cytological procedure specifically suited to maize endosperms is presented. It uses 8-hydroxyquinoline with sucrose and aeration to pretreat the tissues. Glusulase is used to spread the cells. The procedure makes it possible to squash endosperms into a single cell layer and to photograph as many as 70 chromosomes ...
Borovik C L - - 1977
Different criteria for identifying the human Y chromosome using only conventional staining techniques were evaluated and a procedure based on three of them was developed. It leads to correct identification in 93% of cells even without resorting to differences in size between the Y and the other G chromosomes. The ...
Dev V G - - 1977
Silver staining has been used to detect active nucleolus organizer regions (NOR's). By this criterion six mouse chromosomes, numbers 12, 15, 16, 17, 18 and 19, can have an NOR. The number and distribution of chromosomes with NOR's vary among inbred strains of Mus musculus musculus (C57BL/6J, BALB/cJ, C3H/HeJ and ...
Schnedl W - - 1977
The AT specificity of the fluorochromes DIPI and DAPI and the GC specificity of mithramycin are evidenced by observations in human, mouse, and bovine chromosomes. DIPI and DAPI produce a pattern similar to Hoechst 33258 in all three species, whereas mithramycin results in a reverse pattern. The AT-rich centromeric heterochromatin ...
Schnedl W - - 1977
DIPI and DAPI produce distinct fluorescent bands in human chromosomes similar to quinacrine banding patterns. Additionally, the AT rich secondary constrictions in the chromosomes Nos. 1, 9 and 16 are brightly fluorescent. On the other hand the brilliantly fluorescent regions after staining with quinacrine mustard in the chromosomes Nos. 3 ...
Nagel J E - - 1977
A hydrocortisone preparation containing methylparaben and propylparaben provoked bronchospasm and pruritus when given intravenously to an asthmatic patient, whereas another hydrocortisone preparation without paraben preservative did not. Direct and passive transfer (Prausnitz-Küstner) skin tests for immediate hypersensitivity to parabens were positive. Parabens, frequently employed as bacteriostatic agents, are capable of ...
Dutrillaux B - - 1977
The results obtained by acridine orange staining of chromosomes, after BrdU treatment, during one or two cell cycles, are described. The alterations of chromosome structure do not depend only on BrdU incorporation into DNA. Some other mechanisms are necessarily involved, and it is postulated that they are disturbances of protein-DNA ...
Yamasaki N - - 1977
Modified Giemsa procedures have been developed which elicit differential and highly selective staining of individual Y chromosomal lampbruch loops in spermatocyte nuclei of Drosophila hydei, D. NEOHYDEI, AND D. eohydei. In all three species the Y loop pair known as the "clubs" stains a brilliant dark red with Giemsa at ...
Lin M S - - 1977
The optical absorption and fluorescence characteristics of 4'-6-diamidino-2-phenylindole (DAPI) with DNA and chromosomes were studied. There is a decrease in extinction coefficient and chift in the absorption spectra to a higher wavelength when the dye binds to DNA. The fluorescence of DAPI is enhanced by both A-T and G-C base-pairs. ...
Picciano D J - - 1977
Chromosomes suitable for karyotyping were produced from short-term cultures of cells from embryonic northern leopard frogs, Rana pipiens, at various growth stages. Embryos were minced in a trypsin solution. The tissue fragments were subsequently cultured in an electrolytic solution containing fetal calf serum and Colcemid. We found this technique to ...
Ward O G - - 1977
The nucleolar organizer-specific staining procedure, ammoniacal silver (Ag-AS), has been used to study the distribution and size of the nucleolar organizer regions (NORs) in chromosomes of the frog Rana blairi (Mecham, Littlejohn, Oldham, Brown and Brown). The somatic metaphase karyotype of this frog is similar to that of other frogs ...
Kligerman A D - - 1977
Due to the very limited amount of knowledge available on the cytochemistry and architecture of fish chromosomes, an extensive banding study was carried out on chromosomes of the central mudminnow, Umbra limi. Through the use of fluorescent staining, C-banding, and silver staining, the chromosomes were characterized, and an idiogram was ...
Bosman F T - - 1977
In this paper, model experiments on chicken red blood cell nuclei are described concerning the influence of methanol-acetic acid fixation and irradiation at different wavelengths, with and without prior Atebrin staining on subsequent Feulgen-stainability. In addition, data are reported on the influence on Feulgen-stainability of Giemsa-banding procedures, illumination of unstained ...
Henderson L M - - 1977
The nucleolus organizer regions of domestic sheep (Ovis aries), as shown by silver staining, are located terminally on chromosomes 1, 2, 3, 4, and 25. Significant differences between individuals in the number of Ag-NORs per cell were found. The frequency of involvement of individual chromosome pairs in nucleolar organization was ...
Wulf H C - - 1977
Computerized chromosome analyses have resulted in up to 25% erroneous classifications, whereas a cytogenetically trained laboratory technician has an error rate of less than 0.1% in the preparation of a karyotype. In the project reported here, computerized classification is eliminated, and instead, the other steps of the analysis leading to ...
Tantravahi R - - 1977
Metaphase chromosome preparations were made from leukocyte cultures of normal individuals. The cells were fixed in methanol:acetic acid (3:1 v/v), then dropped on cold, wet slides which were air-dried before storage at 4 degrees C. The slides were stained to identify the chromosomes by one of the following procedures: (1) ...
Hubbell H R - - 1977
Silver nitrate has been used to demonstrate the chromosomal location of ribosomal cistrons in nine tissue-culture lines derived from human tumors of various pathological origins. Control individuals have a particular modal number (range 7--10) of D- and G-group chromosomes stained with silver. In the controls, 96.2% of the D- and ...
Cervenka J - - 1976
Attention is directed towards the use of new techniques in cytogenetics. C-, G-, Q-, and R-banding methods are briefly discussed and illustrated. Methods of sister chromatid differential staining and silver staining for demonstration of nucleolus organizing regions are reviewed and their application in medical cytogenetics is pointed out. Frequency of ...
Srivastava P K - - 1976
Unequivocal establishment of the correct diploid chromosome number in 1956 started the modern era of human cytogenetics. The next impetus came when the peripheral blood leukocyte culture technique for the chromosome preparation was described in 1960. Discovery of special staining procedures - banding techniques - in early seventies not only ...
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