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Okada T A - - 1980
A protein chromosome scaffold structure has been proposed that acts as a structural framework for attachment of chromosomal DNA. There are several troubling aspects of this concept: (1) such structures have not been seen in many previous thin-section and whole-mount electron microscopy studies of metaphase chromosomes, while they are readily ...
Thomsen J L - - 1980
The possible significance of some factors with regard to their effect on Y-chromosome detection in blood stains was investigated. (1) It was found that when using centrifugal force instead of a pipette for the extraction of stains on cotton cloth a much higher number of leukocytes was achieved during the ...
Thomsen J L - - 1980
The present investigation is an extension of an earlier work on the effect of various temperatures on Y-chromosome detection. The deteriorating effect of storage at 53 degrees C was again demonstrated. Liquid blood samples stored at 5 degrees C were better preserved with regard to Y-chromosomes than those stored at ...
Latt S A - - 1980
A number of DNA-binding dyes, with spectral properties making them suitable as components of energy donor-acceptor pairs, are described. If such pairs are used to stain metaphase chromosomes, and if the energy acceptor (e.g., actinomycin D or methyl green) has a binding specificity opposite to the binding or fluorescence specificity ...
Chadov B F - - 1980
Herein is described an attempts to establish chromosome pairing-interchange relationships in Drosophila melanogaster female. For this purpose, the formation of half-translocations was studied in XXY and XX females bearing compounds of the second pair of autosomes. With respect to XXY females, it was expected that the free Y chromosome would ...
Hizume M - - 1980
A method for the specific detection of the nucleolus organizing regions (NORs) of plant chromosomes has been developed employing enzymatic maceration and successive flame-drying for chromosome spreading and incubation with aqueous 50% AgNO3 at 55-60 C. When this method was applied to metaphase chromosomes the NORs were specifically discriminated as ...
Stöhr M - - 1980
Chromosomes from rat kangaroo (PTK) and chinese hamster (CHV 79) cells have been prepared for quantitative flow-cytometric analysis. The preparation time was otimized down to 30 (PTK) and 40 min (CHV 79). DAPI was used as a AT-sensitive fluorescent dye to stain for monoparameter DNA measurements. Simultaneous two-parameter DNA-protein analysis ...
Winking H - - 1980
Silver-NOR staining has been applied to mouse (Mus musculus) chromosomes of different feral populations from Italy, Yougoslavia, and Germany and to chromosomes of M. spretus, a closely related species, from Portugal. In addition to the known pattern of proximal sites on smaller autosomes, terminal sites with silver-NORs on chromosomes 4 ...
Schmid M - - 1980
The chromosomes of 26 species of Anura from variously highly envolved groups were analysed with the fluorescent GC-specific antibiotics mithramycin and chromomycin A3 as well as with the AT-specific quinacrine. The mithramycin- and chromomycin A3-stainings generally resulted in a pattern of the constitutive heterochromatin opposite to the one obtained with ...
Zankl H - - 1980
The pattern of acrocentric chromosomes was studied in 190 normal and 190 trisomic cells from a patient with trisomy 21 mosaicism. No significant differences were observed in the total numbers of associations, the numbers of mitoses with one, two, or three associations, or the numbers of associations in which more ...
Wiese D A - - 1980
Root tips were fixed in ethanol-acetic acid and in neutral formalin containing a mercaptide-forming agent to protect thiols from autoxidation. Serial paraffin sections 2 micrometers thick were labelled for thiols, disulfides and both together with the azogenic maleimide 'APM'. Nuclei were stained somewhat lighter for thiols, and nucleoli much darker, ...
Lau Y F - - 1980
The patterns of differential staining based on the effects of BrdU-substitution in chromosomal DNA have been examined in both metaphase chromosomes and prematurely condensed chromosomes (PCC) of interphase Chinese hamster cells. Results indicate that differential staining may be obtained in chromosomes from all stages of the cell cycle and correspond ...
Zankl H - - 1980
The intensity of the silver staining of nucleolus organizing regions (NORs) and the frequency of chromosomal associations were studied before and after antithyroid treatment in seven and eight hyperthyroid patients, respectively. For one patient, the NOR staining was significantly more intense after treatment, while for another the opposite result was ...
Satya-Prakash K L - - 1980
A simple method has been described for the visualization of chromosomes cores with light microscopy in conventional chromosome preparations. The technique is relatively simple, highly reproducible and can be used effectively on fresh and aged slides. The following observations have been made: (1) a core existed in mitotic chromosomes in ...
Lawrie S S - - 1980
A method is described for producing fluorescent bands on human chromosomes by staining with quinacrine after hybridisation in situ. The advantages of the method include the eslimination of artefacts arising from staining before hybridisation, the fact that there is no reduction in sample number between staining and autoradiography, the ease ...
Curtis S K - - 1980
A series of experiments was undertaken in which cells dissociated from the abdominal lymph nodes of mice were lightly centrifuged into slides and fixed either wet or after drying in 70% ethanol, 1% glutaraldehyde, 1% formaldehyde, or neutral formalin. Three fluorescent cytochemical methods were evaluated: staining of DNA with mithramycin; ...
Sahar E - - 1980
The ability of electronic energy transfer and direct binding competition between pairs of dyes to enhance contrast in human or bovine metaphase chromosome staining patterns is illustrated, and the relative effectiveness of these two mechanism compared. The existence of energy transfer between quinacrine or 33258 Hoechst and 7-amino-actinomycin D in ...
Lin C C - - 1980
Metaphase chromosomes stained with acridine orange exhibit uniform yellow-green fluorescence. Chromosome preparations treated with the non-fluorescent A-T specific antibiotic distamycinA prior to acridine orange staining exhibit longitudinal fluorescent banding patterns similar to those produced by a number of fluorescent R-band techniques. Similarly, chromosome preparations treated with the non-fluorescent G-C specific ...
Kaiserman M Z - - 1980
Chinese hamster metaphase chromosomes, subjected to prolonged hypotonic pretreatment and subsequently stained with ammoniacal silver, contained a darkly-stained core-like structure in each chromatid, surrounded by a halo of dispersed chromatin which was pale yellow to brown in color. The core was variable in its appearance, ranging from a continuous linear ...
Langlois R G - - 1980
The cytochemical properties of metaphase chromosomes from Chinese hamster and human cells were studied by flow cytometry. This technique allows precise quantitation of the fluorescence properties of individual stained chromosome types. Chromosomes were stained with the following fluorescent DNA stains: Hoechst 33258, DAPI, chromomycin A3, ethidium bromide, and propidium iodide. ...
Wachtler F - - 1980
Chromosome preparations from 67 randomly selected healthy individuals were consecutively stained with silver, mithramycin, pentamidine-DAPI, and quinacrine mustard. In the short arm of the chromosome 15 up to six regions, which were highly polymorphic, apparently independently of each other, could be detected by the given methods. The frequency of occurrence ...
Ghosh P K - - 1979
Variations in lateral asymmetry of constitutive heterochromatin were studied in 30 normal individuals with reference to the chromosomal regions 1q12, 9q12, 15p11, 16q12 and Yq12. The technique consisted of growing human lymphocytes for one cell cycle in BrdU, staining with 33258 Hoechst, exposing them to UV light, treating them with ...
Buys C H - - 1979
Using DAPI staining after pretreatment with distamycin A we detected a familial deficiency of chromosome 16 heterochromatin. A distinct positively staining band, however, was seen after C-banding. Thus, by using these different heterochromatin staining methods, heterogeneity of the constitutive heterochromatin in the centromeric region of human chromosome 16 was indicated. ...
Dev V G - - 1979
Cytogenetic analysis of a balanced reciprocal translocation t(5;13) carrier and her unbalanced 5p- conceptus was carried out. This carrier mother had previously given birth to a child with cri-du-chat syndrome. Silver staining demonstrated the breakpoint on 13p within the nucleolus organizer region (NOR). In the carrier, the NORs both at ...
Takayama S - - 1979
The direct staining of BrdU-substituted Chinese hamster chromosomes in a Na2HPO4-Giemsa solution without any pretreatments resulted in a B-dark type SCD istituted (TB) chromatids stained light. Detailed examinations of the staining process suggested that the Na2HPO4 solution acts to collapse chromosomes whereas the Giemsa dye works to reconstruct the collapsed ...
Limon J - - 1979
Two differently stained regions of lateral asymmetry were observed in the long arm of the human Y chromosome, following FPG staining. The first asymmetry was confined to band q12 of the long arm. The second asymmetrically stained region was located at the junction between bands q11 and q12. In the ...
Hayashi K - - 1979
A rapid and simple disc electrophoretic technique for the determination of saliva esterase (Set) types is described. The frequency of Set types was F 16.4%, FS 49.8% and S 33.8%. The estimated gene frequency of Set-1F was 0.413 and of Set-1S was 0.587. An accurate determination of Set types was ...
Howell W M - - 1979
Chromosomes were subjected to either prolonged hypotonic solution pretreatment or aging. Both conditions greatly loosened and dispersed the overlying epichromatin from the central chromosome core structure. This was followed by silver staining and examination with bright-field microscopy. The chromosome core selectively reduced the silver and stained black while the surrounding ...
Tabuchi K - - 1979
A method is described for producing banding patterns with methyl green-pyronin (MGP) stain in chromosomes of fibrosarcoma cells. 1) The stain was made by mixing equal volumes of 2% aqueous pyronin G, 2% aqueous methyl green, distilled water, and 0.1 M acetate buffer (pH 5.7). 2) Treatment with colcemide and ...
Hammerman I S - - 1979
The simplest possible model of the sex determination process adding autosomal influence to a minimal number of sex chromosomes was developed to explain matings of Tilapia (Sarotherodon) species. Eighteen different genotypes, each having two autosomes (AA, Aa, or aa) and two sex chromosomes (WX, WY, WW, XY, XX or YY) ...
Lakhotia S C - - 1979
Larval brain ganglia of Drosophila nasuta were cultured in vitro in the presence of 5-bromodeoxyuridine for 1 or 5 h at 24 degrees C and the air-dried chromosome preparations stained by the Hoechst 33258-Giemsa technique to reveal bromodeoxyuridine induced sister chromatid differentiation. In 1 h as well as 5 h ...
Fletcher J M - - 1979
A method is described for the silver staining of the synaptonemal complex in surface-spread mammalian spermatocytes for light microscope examination. The method is quick, reliable, of broad applicability, and provides a means of making karyotype analysis at meiotic prophase. Many hundreds of suitable cells can be examined in an average ...
Russell B - - 1979
An indirect immunoperoxidase staining method has been successfully applied to 4% formaldehyde solution tissue sections fixed in and embedded in paraffin for the localization of Sporothrix schenckil and Cryptococcus neoformans without prior trypsinization of tissue sections. A comparison of this method with an analogous immunofluorescence staining technique has been made.
Wigmore R - - 1979
A method has been described for detecting Y chromosomes in the leukocytes of human bloodstains prepared on a variety of substrates. The factors that influence the proportion of chromosomes exhibiting a Y spot (the Y cell index) in a bloodstain are considered, including the subjective nature of assessment of the ...
Dutt M K - - 1979
The paper deals with staining of the chromosomes of animal testicular materials with two basic dyes, Hoffman's violet and dahlia of the triphenylmethane group, following iodine-dye procedure. The important finding, as presented herein, is that iodinated alcohol after staining can be substituted with various acids, both organic as well as ...
Sweney L R - - 1979
Human metaphase chromosomes were processed with a 3% glutaraldehydetannic acid technique and examined in a scanning electron microscope at 20 kV either without added metal coating or with 2 nm of sputtered gold coating. Several substrates--aluminum mnium foil, silver mirror deposit and sputtered gold-provided good conductive backgrounds for chromosomal spreads. ...
Miller O J - - 1979
An H4-IIE-C3 hepatoma cell line derived from an ACI rat has been shown to have differentially stained regions attached to the short arms of chromosomes 3, 11 and 13 and the long arm of an unidentified small chromosome. There is cell to cell variability in the number and size of ...
Hofgärtner F J - - 1979
Silver-staining in the nuclei and chromosomes of spermatogenesis of four species of mammals (Man, Mus musculus, Rattus norvegicus, and Cavia cobaya) was investigated qualitatively and quantitatively. These species show a very similar pattern of activity of the nucleolus organizer regions (NORs) during the various stages of spermatogenesis. Silver precipitates are ...
Sigmund J - - 1979
The secondary constriction in human chromosome 1 consists of a proximal segment stained by the GC-specific fluorochrome mithramycin and a distal segment stained by such fluorochromes as DAPI or DIPI, which show enhanced fluorescence intensities in AT-rich regions of the chromosomes. A study involving 21 individuals revealed that both parts ...
Lau Y F - - 1979
An inherited human karyological variant (14p+) has been studied with a number of cytochemical techniques. The short arm of this variant chromosome 14 is nearly as long as the long arm, giving the chromosome a submetacentric to metacentric appearance. In conventionally Giemsa-stained preparations, maximum of three secondary constrictions can be ...
Pathak S - - 1979
Silver staining of mammalian spermatocytes revealed, in light microscopy, synaptonemal complex and structures within the sex vesicle. It is feasible to follow the chromosome pairing phenomenon from zygotene to pachytene by examining the behavior of synaptonemal complexes. Nucleolus organizer regions take heavy silver stain in pachytene but are no longer ...
Warburton D - - 1979
Chromosome preparations from eight individuals were first stained with silver nitrate to reveal the nucleolus organizing regions (NORs) and then hybridized in situ with ribosomal RNA. In six individuals the size of the silver-staining regions was positively correlated with the amount of label present after hybridization in situ. Thus the ...
Wang H C - - 1979
Nucleolar organizer regions (NORs) of Chinese hamster chromosomes have been demonstrated by using a Coomasie brilliant blue dye (CBB) method. The staining procedure involved is simple and the results are reproducible. The staining process is easily controllable because over-staining of the chromosomes seldom occurs. The CBB solution is stable (pH ...
Andrle M - - 1979
A behaviorally and clinically abnormal female orangutan was analyzed cytologically using general banding techniques and by an alkaline silver method for staining nucleolus organizer regions. The karyotype had 49 chromosomes, including an extra chromosome 22 (49,XX + 22). No variant chromosome types or heterozygous structural rearrangements were found. Nine of ...
Kanda N - - 1979
Treatment of the chromosomes of 25 rodent species with a 50 degrees C hypotonic solution and Giemsa staining permitted identification of the heterochromatic X chromosome in 24 species. With this technique, the facultative of the heterochromatic X chromosome or the facultative portion of large, composite-type X chromosoms is stained darker ...
Latt S A - - 1979
If two fluorescent dyes with different binding or fluorescence specificities are used simultaneously to stain DNA or chromosomes, the ratio of their fluorescent signals can provide information about base composition or base analogue substitution. Energy transfer between such dye pairs, possible if the fluorescence spectrum of one overlaps the absorption ...
Di Berardino D - - 1979
Silver-staining of nucleolar organizer regions (NORs) in somatic cells of Holstein cattle (Bos taurus) and European buffalo Murrah type (Bubalus bubalus) indicates that the NORs are located in the telomeres of chromosomes 2,3,4,11, and 29 of cattle and chromosomes 3,4,6,23, and 24 of buffalo. Chromosome identification was by Q-banding. Analysis ...
Strunnikov V A - - 1979
A new method is suggested for controlling species of insect pests in which the female is heterogametic. This method, involving the use of balanced lethals on the Z chromosome, causes the death of females in the embryonic stage. The method has already been tested in practical sericulture for the production ...
Sawin V L - - 1978
A procedure is described for quinacrine banding of radiolabeled metaphase chromosomes for autoradiography. The chromosomes can be labeled either in vivo or by in situ hybridization. The banding procedure involves treating the slides with RNase and formamide and staining in quinacrine. The slides are then processed for autoradiography. After development ...
Nardi I - - 1978
The mitotic chromosomes of six specimens from Triturus vulgaris meridionalis have been examined by both in situ hybridization with 3H 18S + 28S rRNA and AS-SAT staining method. The results of these two sets of experiments can be summarized as follows: 1) in each specimen the NORs and the additional ...
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