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Simmons M C - - 1984
The human melanoma cell line MeWo was found to contain two populations of cells, one containing 83 chromosomes (hypotetraploid) and the other containing 43 chromosomes (hypodiploid). All of the hypodiploid cells, but none of the hypotetraploid cells, contained chromosomes with long homogeneously staining regions (HSR's) when examined with quinacrine fluorescence. ...
van den Engh G - - 1984
Certain variables in the preparation of chromosome suspensions for flow cytometric analysis have been investigated. The optimal conditions have been determined. The results of this series of experiments have been incorporated to yield a preparation protocol that gives chromosome profiles with a low amount of small particle debris and few ...
SkawiƄski W - - 1984
The length of the Y chromosome with its fluorescent and non-fluorescent portion was measured in Q-banded metaphases. The same preparations were stained by Feulgen method. The DNA content and size of the Y chromosome were assessed. The length of Y chromosome was normalized by taking into account differences in contraction ...
Mayr B - - 1984
The karyotype of the European wild pig (Sus scrofa scrofa L.) was analysed by means of silver-staining and the chromomycin A3/distamycin A/DAPI fluorescent banding technique to locate active NORs and to differentiate types of C-bands. The ribosomal RNA genes are localized at the secondary constrictions of chromosomes 8 and 10. ...
Traut W - - 1984
An extra segment in chromosome 1 between bands C5 and D has been found in wild mouse populations. Its size varies between 6.1% and 30.1% of the length of a standard chromosome 1. It differs among individuals and populations but is constant in a genetically homogeneous line. According to its ...
Green D K - - 1984
Frequency distributions of fluorescence intensity of ethidium bromide stained human chromosomes from nine phenotypically normal males are cross correlated and autocorrelated following repeated flow cytometric measurements. It is shown that each individual donor produces a fluorescence profile which is both visually and numerically different from those of other individuals in ...
Verma R S - - 1984
The expression of ribosomal cistrons in the nucleolar organizer regions (NORs) has been studied with high resolution banding in the acrocentric chromosomes of 10 normal individuals. It was found that if a particular chromosome did not stain with silver nitrate at metaphase, then it did not stain at prophase either. ...
Fernandez-Piqueras J - - 1984
A simple method is presented by which synaptonemal complexes (SCs) can be visualized under bright field microscopy. Staining was accomplished with a silver nitrate solution adjusted to pH 3-3.5 with formic acid, after an acidic fixation. This method is suitable for the demonstration of SCs, centromeres and NOR regions in ...
Earnshaw W C - - 1984
Cytological silver-staining procedures reveal the presence of a "core" running along the chromatid axes of isolated HeLa mitotic chromosomes. In this communication we examine the relationship between this "core" and the nonhistone chromosome scaffolding, isolated and characterized in previous publications from this laboratory. When chromosomes on coverslips were subjected to ...
Lavezzi A M - - 1984
Cultures of bone marrow obtained from patients with various forms of leukemia have been stained by the Giemsa-11 technique. The results suggest that this method can be utilized for the constant monitoring of numerical and structural anomalies in chromosome 9. Furthermore, by varying the pH, this technique can be applied ...
Young B D - - 1984
The latest developments in the application of flow cytometry to the analysis and fractionation of metaphase chromosomes is reviewed. This includes the preparative techniques, staining and machine technology used in flow karyotype production. In particular, the application of this technology to the study of chromosomal changes and to the construction ...
Buys C H - - 1984
Oxidizing Methylene Blue and adding the reaction products to Eosin Y and Azure B makes possible a highly reliable Giemsa-11 technique for discrimination of chromosomes in hybrid cells according to their parental origin. This staining can be combined in a sequential procedure with a fluorescent banding technique allowing the exact ...
Lezhava T A - - 1984
Ag-positive nucleolar organizer regions (NORs) and associations of silver-stained acrocentric chromosomes were studied in 400 metaphases from 20 male and female subjects aged 20-50 and 80 or over. The number of Ag-positive NORs and the frequency of chromosome associations were found to be decreased significantly at 80 and thereafter in ...
Tuck-Muller C M - - 1984
Associations between nucleolus organizer regions (NORs) and non-acrocentric chromosomes were scored in 2,800 metaphase spreads from PHA-stimulated lymphocyte cultures (48 h) from 14 individuals. The preparations were both silver stained and C-banded. In order to calculate the expected values for associations, the ratio of heterochromatin length to euchromatin length was ...
Viegas-Pequignot E - - 1984
A large amount of heterochromatin is observed in two species of the genus Gerbillus, G. nigeriae and G. hesperinus. The C-band material represents about one-half of the total karyotype length in the former species, and about one-third in the latter. Several banding techniques and various 5-bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) treatments were used ...
Coyle P K - - 1983
We applied a sensitive silver nitrate stain to SDS-polyacrylamide gels to detect oligoclonal bands in unconcentrated CSF. Silver staining took less than 3 hours and gave easily readable bands in 93% of MS patients. In contrast, standard Coomassie Blue stain was positive in only 53%. Maximum resolution and numbers of ...
Loidl J - - 1983
Microsporogenesis of Allium flavum was investigated by light microscopy using a silver impregnation technique. Ag-positive structures were present at the nucleolus organizing regions (NORs) in all stages of the meiotic cycle. During prophase I the nucleoli were found to be composed of a strongly impregnated central and a weakly impregnated ...
Duan X S - - 1983
The technique of cell fusion, the method of sister chromatid differentiation (SCD), and the silver staining method modified by us that can show nucleolus organizing region (NOR) and sister chromatid differentiation at the same time have been used in the study of red muntjac chromosomes. Differential staining of sister chromatid ...
Burkholder G D - - 1983
To investigate a possible relationship between the core-like structures seen in silver-stained chromosomes (prepared by standard cytogenetic methods) and the scaffolds observed in histone-depleted chromosomes, the ability of the scaffold to stain with silver has been examined. Isolated chromosomes were histone-depleted by washing in ammonium acetate or by spreading the ...
Bainbridge D R - - 1983
Counterstaining with the chromosomal dye Hoechst 33258 is a simple procedure that provides an excellent general purpose nuclear counterstain for immunofluorescent work. Benefits from its use include the ready identification and orientation of structures, differentiation of lymphoid and non-lymphoid cells and easy assessment of frequency in specifically labelled cellular subpopulations. ...
Handsfield H H - - 1983
Treponema pallidum was demonstrated in a cutaneous, tertiary syphilitic lesion by indirect immunofluorescence microscopy, but not by darkfield microscopy illumination or silver stain. The numerous organisms observed by this method may help explain the histologically vigorous tissue reaction in tertiary syphilis, despite the scarcity of organisms demonstrable by other methods.
Fantes J A - - 1983
A method of producing an enriched sample of human Y chromosomes from peripheral blood lymphocytes is described. Metaphase chromosomes were prepared from peripheral blood lymphocytes donated by 17 normal male individuals. A suspension of chromosomes in a polyamine buffer was produced from each sample, stained with the fluorescent dye Hoechst ...
Southern J A - - 1983
A method is described for the preparation of foetal calf serum from blood drawn by heart puncture from calf foetuses obtained from a local municipal abattoir. This method differs from that previously described in that the Seitz Supra EK filter pads used in preliminary purification steps have been abandoned. These ...
Lichtenberger M J - - 1983
Staining G-bands of chromosomes can be carried out in 2 1/2 minutes using a mixture of Giemsa solution with a special diluting preparation. The staining is completely reversible without any damage to the chromosomes. Moreover, an improved method for staining Q-bands with atebrin and mounting the preparation in sucrose is ...
McEwen B F - - 1983
Zinc-induced tubulin sheets without microtubule-associated proteins (MAPs) were assembled from tubulin purified by phosphocellulose chromatography. Large, open sheets were obtained in five-minute incubations at pH 5.7. Electron micrographs of negatively stained sheets showed a protofilament arrangement similar to that observed for zinc-induced sheets with MAPs but with altered lattice parameters. ...
Morin-Faure J - - 1983
The reaction of cis-dichlorodiamino platinum (cis-Pt) with the human metaphase chromosome was studied using both Giemsa staining and the action of anti-cis-Pt antibody. Two kinds of experiment were performed: (1) cis-Pt was placed in contact with cells in culture (in vivo tests), (2) cis-Pt was placed in contact with chromosomes ...
Morton C C - - 1983
The stain intensity of the nucleolus organizer regions (NORs) of acrocentric chromosomes was correlated positively with incorporation of [3H]uridine into 18S rRNA and 28S rRNA from cultured diploid human skin fibroblasts. An analysis of these data from twins by a path model indicated that no other common genetic or environmental ...
Mezzanotte R - - 1983
Human cytological preparations have been digested with Alu I restriction endonuclease (Endo R Alu I) and subsequently stained with acridine orange. Metaphase chromosomes treated in this way revealed a clear-cut bright/ dull longitudinal differentiation. It has been postulated that these cytological findings could be related to the selective digestion, by ...
Bijman J T - - 1983
Metaphase chromosomes from Chinese hamster V-79 cells have been stained with propidium iodide and their DNA content was measured by flow cytometry. The chromosomes in suspension must be stabilized during the preparation to preserve their morphological integrity. In order to obtain high resolution in the flow karyotype, several modifications were ...
Murata M - - 1983
The air drying technique used in mammalian cytology was applied to isolated plant protoplasts for study of chromosomes. For cultured celery cells, this technique resulted in good spreads of metaphase chromosomes with high resolution. Mitotic chromosomes of Brassica species are relatively small, poor stained by common stains, and difficult to ...
Madura J A - - 1983
A new technique has been described that permits easy location of the rectal stump at the time of colostomy closure for the Hartmann procedure. The routine use of a polypropylene (Prolene) suture to define the location of the rectal stump eliminates tedious pelvis dissection, which could injure the ureter or ...
Gold J R - - 1983
Refinements to a simple, one-step silver staining technique for nucleolar organizing regions are described. These include fixation of silver stained material with sodium thiosulfate and standardization of silver development conditions for different groups of vertebrates. The central advantages to the method are that it is rapid, reliable, simple, and inexpensive. ...
Mezzanotte R - - 1983
Human metaphase chromosomes were treated with HaeIII, HindIII, EcoRI, and AluI restriction endonucleases and subsequently stained with either Giemsa or ethidium bromide. The results obtained seemed to suggest that the structural organization of specific chromosome regions can play a primary role in determining the cytological effect after digestion with specific ...
Howard-Peebles P N - - 1983
Silver-stained preparations of cultured lymphocytes obtained from 12 pure-bred dogs revealed the presence of nucleolus organizer regions (NORs) on four to seven chromosomes in females and five to eight chromosomes in males. All seven males had a NOR on the Y chromosome. The telomeric location of the NORs on the ...
Cornforth M N - - 1983
A relatively simple method has been developed to improve the resolution for measuring breaks produced in interphase chromosomes by X rays or other agents following the induction of premature chromosome condensation (PCC). Mitotic HeLa cells, which induce PCC when fused with interphase cells, were obtained from cultures grown for several ...
Buhariwalla F - - 1983
In a study requiring rapid diagnosis of the chromosomal sex of mice, standard staining methods for mouse chromosomes were evaluated for speed, simplicity, and the quality of staining. None of the techniques previously used for mouse chromosomes were adequate. However, a DAPI-distamycin A method for human karyotyping was successfully adapted ...
Li Y S - - 1983
A case of erythroleukaemia with homogeneously staining regions on chromosomes is described. The number of chromosomes in bone marrow cells varied from 41 to 46 with a mode of 43. A variety of structural and numerical chromosomal abnormalities was observed. Two marker chromosomes with homogeneously staining regions were found in ...
Verma R S - - 1983
The morphology of nucleolus organizer regions (NORs) of human acrocentric chromosomes has been studied in a family by QFQ, RFA, and NSG banding techniques. The pale green colour seen by RFA was found darkly stained by NSG. However, in some instances, NOR regions were expressed by NSG technique but the ...
Donlon T A - - 1983
The DA/DAPI technique has been found to be useful in the identification of specific chromosomal regions on human chromosomes. The realization that distamycin A (DA) is no longer commercially available has necessitated the development of an alternative technique. We describe a technique, MG/DAPI, which substitutes the AT-specific dye methyl green ...
Goyanes V J - - 1983
BrdU-substituted chromosomes of Don cells were differentially stained with ammoniacal silver carbonate and analyzed by electron microscopy. The results obtained led us to the following conclusions: (1) the differential impregnation of BrdU-substituted chromatids with silver is mainly due to a preferential extraction of non-histone proteins caused by UV-irradiation and incubation ...
Langlois R G - - 1982
Dual beam flow cytometry of chromosomes stained with Hoechst 33258 and chromomycin A3 has been proposed as a method for quantitative classification of human chromosomes (bivariate flow karyotyping). In this paper we investigate the sources and magnitudes of variability in the mean fluorescence intensities of each chromosome group resolved in ...
Lebo R V - - 1982
We describe the design and operation of a dual laser fluorescence activated chromosome sorter that can analyze and sort chromosome suspensions stained with two complementary DNA stains. We used two 18-watt argon-ion lasers to provide maximal excitation of the DNA-specific stains Hoechst 33258 and chromomycin A3. The lasers are focused ...
McClure J - - 1982
In patients with chronic renal failure estimations of the extent of calcification fronts delineated by in vivo tetracycline labelling correlated well with estimates obtained after staining the fronts with haematoxylin dye (Raina method). Similarly there was a good correlation between the Raina method and the demonstration of calcification fronts with ...
Curtis D - - 1982
Metaphase chromosomes were stained in a routine G-banding procedure with 39 basic dyes of varied structures substituted for the Giemsa stain. Staining outcomes were categorized as: overstained, differentially stained, trivially or unstained. Certain structural features of the dyes were described numerically, namely, largest conjugated fragment (LCF), conjugated bond number (CBN) ...
Zankl H - - 1982
The association pattern and NOR silver staining of the acrocentric chromosomes was studied in normal and hypodiploid cell lines of four meningioma patients. In three cases the hypodiploid cells showed a more increased association frequency or NOR silver staining or both than the normal ones, indicating a compensatory mechanism between ...
De Backer W - - 1982
A 32-year-old woman who ingested thallium sulfate was treated with combined hemoperfusion-hemodialysis. Classical therapy, including Prussian Blue, was also administered. The clearance rate of the hemoperfusion and hemodialysis were 139 and 47 mL/min, respectively. The efficiencies of these different methods were compared with each other and with the classical methods. ...
Tucci S M - - 1982
In previous immunohistochemistry studies, cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP) has been found in polytene chromosomes of D. melanogaster, cGMP has not been found in mammalian metaphase chromosomes, but this could be due to loss of cGMP during staining. Thus the effect of different fixation techniques on the immunohistochemically detectable cGMP associated ...
van Prooijen-Knegt A C - - 1982
The properties of aminoalkylsilane-treated glass slides for the preparation of metaphase spreads and their staining quality have been studied and compared with those of slides which had only been cleaned in ethanol/ether. The parameters investigated were: (1) the average area of metaphases from cultures of blood from both healthy donors ...
Bosman F T - - 1982
A method for the preparation of ultrathin sections of metaphase chromosomes is described. This method was applied to human metaphase chromosomes, which were immunocytochemically stained with anti-DNA and anti-ribonucleoprotein antibodies, derived from patients with auto-immune disease. Conventionally prepared metaphase spreads as well as cytocentrifuge preparations of chromosome suspensions were studied. ...
Stoehr M - - 1982
A reproducible, simple and rapid protocol was developed to prepare mono-dispersed chromosome suspensions for flow cytometric analysis. The procedure basically employes: 1. twice rinsing of monolayer cultures to eliminate dead cells and cellular debris, 2. mild fixation of mitotic cells with 1% acetic acid, and 3. ultra sonic treatment to ...
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