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Schilmiller Anthony L - - 2009
We identified a cis-prenyltransferase gene, neryl diphosphate synthase 1 (NDPS1), that is expressed in cultivated tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) cultivar M82 type VI glandular trichomes and encodes an enzyme that catalyzes the formation of neryl diphosphate from isopentenyl diphosphate and dimethylallyl diphosphate. mRNA for a terpene synthase gene, phellandrene synthase 1 ...
Batista M R D - - 2009
Cochliomyia hominivorax (Coquerel) (Diptera: Calliphoridae) is one of the most important myiasis-causing flies and is responsible for severe economic losses to the livestock industry throughout the Neotropical region. A polytene chromosome map is an invaluable tool for the genetic analysis and manipulation of any species because it allows the integration ...
Johansen Kristen M KM Department of Biochemistry, Biophysics, and Molecular Biology, Iowa State University, 3154 Molecular Biology Building, Ames, IA 50011, USA. - - 2009
The giant polytene chromosomes from Drosophila third instar larval salivary glands provide an important model system for studying the architectural changes in chromatin morphology associated with the process of transcription initiation and elongation. Especially, analysis of the heat shock response has proved useful in correlating chromatin structure remodeling with transcriptional ...
Garcia-Martinez V - - 2009
The present study constitutes the first attempt to construct a polytene chromosome map of an Anastrepha species, Anastrepha ludens (Loew), a major agricultural pest. The mitotic karyotype has a diploid complement of 12 acrocentric chromosomes, including five pairs of autosomes and an XX/XY sex chromosome pair. The analysis of salivary ...
Berkaeva Maria - - 2009
Differential compaction of the interphase chromosomes is important for proper functioning of the eukaryotic genome. Such non-uniform compaction is most easily observed in Drosophila salivary gland polytene chromosomes as a reproducible banding pattern. Functional mechanisms underlying the establishment and maintenance of the banding pattern remain unclear but have been hypothesized ...
Gorab Eduardo - - 2009
Antibodies to specific nucleic acid conformations are amongst the methods that have allowed the study of non-canonical (Watson-Crick) DNA structures in higher organisms. In this work, the structural limitations for the immunological detection of DNA.RNA hybrid duplexes were examined using specific RNA homopolymers as probes for homopolymer polydeoxyadenylic acid (poly(dA)).polydeoxythymidylic ...
Cottrell T E - - 2008
An examination of oviposition choices by the lesser peachtree borer, Synanthedon pictipes (Grote and Robinson) (Lepidoptera: Sesiidae), showed that wounded peach, Prunus persica (L.) Batsch, bark was attractive to females for oviposition. Females responded to bark that was injured mechanically (e.g., hammer blows, knife cuts, pruning wounds), infested by lesser ...
Vasanthakumar Archana - - 2008
We characterized gut microbial communities in the emerald ash borer, Agrilus planipennis Fairmaire, an invasive phloem-feeding and wood-boring beetle that has caused extensive mortality to urban and forest ash trees. Analyses included both 16S rRNA gene-based and culture-based approaches. We estimated that the emerald ash borer gut harbors 44, 71, ...
Pornsuriyasak Papapida P Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Missouri-St. Louis, St. Louis, Missouri 63121, - - 2008
This study focusses on a new concept for oligosaccharide synthesis based on 4-(pyridin-2-yl)thiazol-2-yl thioglycosides that can either act as effective glycosyl donors or can be deactivated by stable bidentate complexation with palladium(II) bromide.
Brandt Tracy T Department of Biology, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21218, - - 2008
Genetic analysis of the Drosophila leg-arista-wing complex (lawc) gene suggests a role for the Lawc protein in chromatin-related processes based on its classification as a trxG gene but the molecular mechanisms of its function remain elusive. We have found that Lawc is a small, cysteine-rich protein that is present in ...
Serrano Rui M - - 2008
Male peacock blennies (Salaria pavo) release odors from their anal glands and, possibly, from their gonads that attract reproductive females. The current study investigated the effects of 11-ketotestosterone (KT) on development of the anal glands, testes, and accessory testicular organs as well as the subsequent olfactory potency of their secretions. ...
Weake Vikki M - - 2008
Heat shock loci in the polytene chromosomes of the fruit fly Drosophila undergo a characteristic change in appearance that coincides with the onset of gene expression. Petesch and Lis (2008) now show that nucleosomes are lost across the entire Hsp70 locus in an initial wave that precedes transcription by RNA ...
Kounatidis Ilias - - 2008
The European cherry fruit fly, Rhagoletis cerasi, is a major agricultural pest for which biological, genetic, and cytogenetic information is limited. We report here a cytogenetic analysis of 4 natural Greek populations of R. cerasi, all of them infected with the endosymbiotic bacterium Wolbachia pipientis. The mitotic karyotype and detailed ...
Dapporto Leonardo - - 2008
Distinctive cues are predicted to evolve when the benefits obtained by the recognition process overcome its costs. When individual recognition is particularly beneficial for both senders and receivers, the expression of strongly distinctive signals is predicted to evolve. On the other hand, it could be predicted that each individual should ...
De Vos Lieselot - - 2008
Proprotein convertases are serine endoproteases implicated in the proteolytic processing of a large variety of regulatory proteins. An important role of proprotein convertases in tumorigenic processes has been suggested by various studies. In this study, the role of the proprotein convertase furin in PLAG1 proto-oncogene-induced salivary gland tumorigenesis was investigated. ...
Yakoob Javed - - 2008
The prevalence of Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) is rapidly rising in Asia. We describe here a case of 51 years old man who had surgery for esophageal leiomyoma and received long-term therapy with Proton Pump Inhibitors (PPIs) for persisting reflux symptoms. On Esophago-Gastroduodenoscopy (EGD) several sessile polyps were seen in ...
Takahashi Mayumi - - 2008
As a part of our ongoing research projects, we envisioned the synthesis of 2'-modified-4'-thioRNA, such as 2'-fluoro-4'-thioRNA (2'-F-4'-thioRNA) and 2'-O-methyl-4'-thioRNA (2'-OMe-4'-thioRNA) to enhance the potential of 4'-thioRNA. Appropriately protected 2'-deoxy-2'-fluoro-4'-thiouridine (6), -cytidine (10), and - adenosine (18), substrates for the synthesis of novel modified RNAs were successfully synthesized. The fullymodified ...
Gibson Wendy - - 2008
Trypanosoma brucei undergoes genetic exchange in its insect vector, the tsetse fly, by an unknown mechanism. The difficulties of working with this experimental system of genetic exchange have hampered investigation, particularly because the trypanosome life cycle stages involved cannot be cultured in vitro and therefore must be examined in ...
Myohara, Maroko
Thesis--University of Tsukuba, D.Sc.(B), no. 488, 1989. 2. 28
Shim Jae-Kyoung - - 2008
Effect of envenomation of ectoparasitoid Bracon hebetor was determined on the heart rate and the expression of shsp, hsc70 and hsp90 of the lepidopteran host Plodia interpunctella. Envenomated host larvae were promptly immobilized but heart rate was not changed until 4 days after envenomation. Northern hybridization showed that each hsp ...
Matoba Kotaro - - 2008
In Sapporo city, located in the northern district of Japan, it is very difficult to estimate the time of death of decomposed or skeletonized bodies found outdoors in cold season (November-April) because postmortem changes are markedly retarded in the season compared with warm season (May-October), and the bodies are often ...
Ceciliani Fabrizio - - 2007
alpha1-Acid glycoprotein (AGP) is a lipocalin that is produced mainly by the liver and secreted into plasma in response to infections and injuries. In this study, we evaluated AGP isoforms that can be detected in bovine milk. We found that milk-AGP content is made up of at least two isoform ...
Pindyurin Alexey V - - 2007
Drosophila melanogaster Suppressor of Under-Replication (SuUR) gene encodes a protein that modulates replicative properties of heterochromatin in endocycles of polytene cells. The SuUR mutation abolishes underreplication of intercalary heterochromatin and results in partial underreplication of pericentric heterochromatin. We performed a genome-wide mapping of SUUR target genes in non-polytenic Drosophila Kc ...
Krane Carissa M - - 2007
Maintenance of fluid homeostasis is critical to establishing and maintaining normal physiology. The landmark discovery of membrane water channels (aquaporins; AQPs) ushered in a new area in osmoregulatory biology that has drawn from and contributed to diverse branches of biology, from molecular biology and genomics to systems biology and evolution, ...
Floore T G - - 2007
An efficacy study was conducted to evaluate sand granule formulations of Aquaprene (1.8% and 2.8% active ingredient [AI]) and Altosid XR-G (1.5% AI) as a preflood application against Ochlerotatus taeniorhynchus larvae in small field test plots. Aquaprene sand granules (2.8% Al) were applied at 2.5 and 5 lb/acre and the ...
Lin Xiaofeng - - 2007
The morphology and infraciliature of two pleurostomatid ciliates, Loxophyllum choii nov. spec. and L. shini nov. spec., collected from inshore waters and a shrimp-culturing pond near Qingdao (Tsingtao), China, were investigated using live observations and the protargol-impregnation method. L. choii is distinguished from its congeners by the presence of conspicuous ...
Novikov Dmitri V - - 2007
The exceptional cytology provided by polytene chromosomes has made Drosophila melanogaster a premier model for chromosome studies, but full exploitation of polytene cytology is impeded by the difficulty in preparing high-quality chromosome spreads. Here we describe use of high pressure to produce formaldehyde-fixed chromosome spreads, which upon light-microscopy examination reveal ...
McAbee Rory D - - 2007
The suitability of polytene chromosomes for population genetic and in situ DNA physical mapping was investigated in Johannesburg, South Africa, Culex quinquefasciatus Say and Culex pipiens L.. The most defined and consistent polytene spreads were obtained from salivary glands of early fourth instars from Cx. quinquefasciatus. A photomap is provided ...
Lipiński Z - - 2007
We analysed 251 early spring and winter storage honey samples, individually collected from the apiaries of 9 districts of Malopołska province in South Poland and revealed that 51 of these specimens were contaminated with different levels of P. larvae larvae spores Among these samples 8.8% were classified as a category ...
Wasser Martin - - 2007
The EAST protein of Drosophila is a component of an expandable extrachromosomal domain of the nucleus. To better understand its function, we studied the dynamics and localization of GFP-tagged EAST. In live larval salivary glands, EAST-GFP is highly mobile and localizes to the extrachromosomal nucleoplasm. When these cells are permeabilized, ...
Nafday Omkar A - - 2006
In the dip-pen nanolithography of a binary alkanethiol mixture of mercaptohexadecanoic acid (MHA) and 1-octadecanethiol (ODT) at a relative humidity (RH) of less than 80%, two distinct phases of MHA and ODT were patterned. However, on ramping up the RH to greater than 80%, only MHA was observed to pattern. ...
Gould J R - - 2006
This research was undertaken to gather data in support of an assessment of the likelihood that Copitarsia decolora (Guenée) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), a pest of asparagus, Asparagus officinalis L., and other crops, could escape from the pathway followed by asparagus from the field to the consumer. Asparagus that is destroyed by ...
Gibson W - - 2006
Trypanosoma brucei undergoes genetic exchange in its insect vector, but the mechanism is unknown and no one has yet seen the process. By crossing genetically engineered red and green fluorescent trypanosomes, we have been able to pinpoint the location of genetic exchange in the fly and search for intermediate stages. ...
Cidade Daniela A P - - 2006
Disintegrins are small peptides isolated from the venom of several snake families which act as integrin-antagonists or agonists, interacting with a variety of biological processes mediated by integrins. In this work we describe five new disintegrin-like domains within metalloproteinase precursor sequences, obtained from a Bothrops jararaca venom gland cDNA library. ...
Aruna S - - 2006
Glue proteins are tissue-specific proteins synthesized by larval salivary gland cells of Drosophila. In Drosophila nasuta nasuta and D. n. albomicans of the nasuta subgroup, the genes that encode the major glue protein fractions are X-linked. In the present study, these X-linked markers have been employed to trace the pattern ...
Belyaeva Elena S - - 2006
We studied the influence of the Suppressor of Underreplication (SuUR) gene expression on the intercalary heterochromatin (IH) regions of Drosophila melanogaster polytene chromosomes. We observed a strong positive correlation between increased SuUR expression, underreplication extent, amount of DNA truncation, and formation of ectopic contacts in IH regions. SuUR overexpression from ...
Krueger A - - 2006
At least 26 members of the Simulium damnosum Theobald complex (Diptera: Simuliidae) are known from eastern Africa, most of which are assumed to be non-anthropophilic and some are restricted to small areas of endemicity. Their discovery was based on polytene chromosome inversion polymorphisms and since then they have been cited ...
Stocker Ann Jacob - - 2006
The chromosomal response to temperature shock in Rhynchosciara americana is similar to that observed in other Diptera. After a 33 degrees C/90 min or a 36 degrees C/30 min shock the reaction for RNA polymerase II (RpII) is enhanced at five loci. The most prominent of these was identified by ...
de Oliveira C C - - 2006
The salivary glands of Drosophila saltans (saltans group, saltans subgroup) analyzed in an advanced stage of programmed cell death showed the appearance of a single, round, nucleolar corpuscle inside the highly altered nucleus of every gland cell, at a time during which the integrity of the original nucleolus was already ...
Sharma Preeti - - 2006
Larvicidal potential of petroleum ether (Pee), carbon tetrachloride (Cte) and methanol extract (Mee) of Artemisia annua, Chenopodium album and Sonchus oleraceus was observed against malaria vector, Anopheles stephensi Liston. The Pee of A. annua with LC50 16.85 ppm after 24 h and 11.45 ppm after 48 h of treatment was ...
Junkum Anuluck - - 2005
Iso-female lines (isolines) of Anopheles aconitus collected from Mae Hong Son, Phet Buri, and Chiang Mai Provinces were successfully identified to karyotypic forms. The results of identification revealed that An. aconitus Form B (X1, X2, Y2) was obtained from four and 48 isolines in Phet Buri and Chiang Mai Provinces, ...
Spierer Anne - - 2005
Loss of Su(var)3-7 or HP1 suppresses the genomic silencing of position-effect variegation, whereas over-expression enhances it. In addition, loss of Su(var)3-7 results in preferential male lethality. In polytene chromosomes deprived of Su(var)3-7, we observe a specific bloating of the male X chromosome, leading to shortening of the chromosome and to ...
Procunier William - - 2005
The chromosomal locations of two genes encoding the salivary protein products Simulidin (SVAT) and Simulium vittatum erythyma protein (SVEP) were identified using high-resolution cytogenetic mapping. Chromosomal subsection levels were determined from larval and adult salivary gland polytene chromosomes and adult Malphigian tubule chromosomes. Syntenic relationships occurred for both loci from ...
Abramov Yuri A - - 2005
In polytene chromosomes of D. melanogaster the heterochromatic pericentric regions are underreplicated (underrepresented). In this report, we analyze the effects of eu-heterochromatic rearrangements involving a cluster of the X-linked heterochromatic (Xh) Stellate repeats on the representation of these sequences in salivary gland polytene chromosomes. The discontinuous heterochromatic Stellate cluster contains ...
Kolesnikova T D - - 2005
The Suppressor of UnderReplication (SuUR) gene controls the DNA underreplication in intercalary and pericentric heterochromatin of Drosophila melanogaster salivary gland polytene chromosomes. In the present work, we investigate the functional importance of different regions of the SUUR protein by expressing truncations of the protein in an UAS-GAL4 system. We find ...
Deng Huai - - 2005
The JIL-1 kinase localizes to interband regions of Drosophila polytene chromosomes and phosphorylates histone H3 Ser10. Analysis of JIL-1 hypomorphic alleles demonstrated that reduced levels of JIL-1 protein lead to global changes in polytene chromatin structure. Here we have performed a detailed ultrastructural and cytological analysis of the defects in ...
Taylor Thomas N - - 2005
The Carboniferous microfungus Protoascon missouriensis has been interpreted variously as an ascomycete, chytridiomycete, zygomycete and oomycete. We offer a more complete interpretation based on a re-examination of the type material that suggests the fossil represents an (a)zygosporangium-suspensor complex of a zygomycete comparable to some modern members of the Mucorales.
Gortchakov A A - - 2005
Polytene interphase chromosomes are compacted into a series of bands and interbands reflecting their organization into independent chromosomal domains. In order to understand chromosomal organization, we set out to study the role of proteins that are selective for interbands. Here we describe the Drosophila melanogaster chromodomain protein Chriz that is ...
Chaudhry S - - 2005
With the introduction of molecular taxonomy of mosquitoes, polytene chromosome maps have become indispensable as standard references for locating genes, puffs, and inversion breakpoints of unique DNA sequences. We present a line map and a photomap of the salivary polytene chromosomes of Anopheles (Cellia) subpictus Grassi, an important emerging vector ...
Rajan T V - - 2005
The hypothesis that the ingestion of garlic provides protection against bloodsucking pests such as mosquitoes was investigated using a randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled crossover study. Subjects were asked to consume either garlic (one visit) or a placebo (the other visit). They were then exposed to laboratory-reared Aedes aegypti (Linnaeus) (Diptera: Culicidae). ...
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