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Gortchakov A A - - 2005
Polytene interphase chromosomes are compacted into a series of bands and interbands reflecting their organization into independent chromosomal domains. In order to understand chromosomal organization, we set out to study the role of proteins that are selective for interbands. Here we describe the Drosophila melanogaster chromodomain protein Chriz that is ...
Chaudhry S - - 2005
With the introduction of molecular taxonomy of mosquitoes, polytene chromosome maps have become indispensable as standard references for locating genes, puffs, and inversion breakpoints of unique DNA sequences. We present a line map and a photomap of the salivary polytene chromosomes of Anopheles (Cellia) subpictus Grassi, an important emerging vector ...
Rajan T V - - 2005
The hypothesis that the ingestion of garlic provides protection against bloodsucking pests such as mosquitoes was investigated using a randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled crossover study. Subjects were asked to consume either garlic (one visit) or a placebo (the other visit). They were then exposed to laboratory-reared Aedes aegypti (Linnaeus) (Diptera: Culicidae). ...
Entesarian Miriam - - 2005
Autosomal dominant aplasia of lacrimal and salivary glands (ALSG; OMIM 180920 and OMIM 103420) is a rare condition characterized by irritable eyes and dryness of the mouth. We mapped ALSG to 5p13.2-5q13.1, which coincides with the gene fibroblast growth factor 10 (FGF10). In two extended pedigrees, we identified heterozygous mutations ...
Chaudhry A - - 2005
Diverse cytogenetic tests are employed for short term screening of suspect environmental mutagens by using insects and mammals as models. In the present paper the polytene chromosomes of a mosquito Anopheles maculatus were used to evaluate the mutagenic potential of a widely used organophosphate pesticide chlorpyrifos-[o, o-diethyl-o-(3, 5, 6-trichloro-2-pyridyl) phosphothioate]. ...
Demakov Sergei - - 2004
The 3A and 60E regions of Drosophila melanogaster polytene chromosomes containing inserted copies of the P[1ArB] transposon have been subjected to an electron microscopic (EM) analysis. We show that both inserts led to formation of new bands within the interband regions 3A4/A6 and 60E8-9/E10. This allowed us to clone DNA ...
Sun Xin - - 2004
Chromosomal puffs on the polytene chromosomes in the dipteran Chironomus tentans offer the possibility of comparing the appearance of RNA-binding proteins at different transcription sites. We raised a monoclonal antibody that recognized a 130 kDa protein, designated hrp130. Immunocytological analysis of isolated chromosomes showed that hrp130 is heavily accumulated in ...
Shi Jian-ming - - 2004
Methyl methacrylate (MMA) emulsion polymerization in the presence of nanometer calcium carbonate (nano-CaCO(3)) surface modified with gamma-methacryloxypropyltrimethoxysilane (MPTMS) was carried out to prepare poly (methyl methacrylate) (PMMA)/nano-CaCO(3) composite. The reaction between nano-CaCO(3) and MPTMS, and the grafting of PMMA onto nano-CaCO(3) were confirmed by infrared spectrum. The grafting ratio and ...
Wang Ping M - - 2004
Unlike the human lung, monopodial canine airway branching follows an irregular dichotomized pattern with fractal features. We studied three canine airway molds and found a self-similarity feature from macro- to microscopic scales, which formed a fractal set up to seven scales in the airways. At each fractal scale, lateral branches ...
Rafael Míriam Silva - - 2004
In situ hybridization was used to determine the physical location of the Hsp70 genes in salivary polytene chromosomes of Anopheles darlingi from Manaus and Macapá, Brazil, and to assess the usefulness of the Hsp70 locus as a genetic marker in A. darlingi populations. In both populations, the double markings corresponding ...
Marcoin Wacława - - 2004
In this survey magnesium sails in the form of solid dispersions were studied to examine the interaction of the drug and lecithin or Tego Betain L-7. The results of thermal analysis of solid dispersions containing magnesium adipate Mg[Adip] and compounds of this salt with glycine substituent, and the partition coefficient ...
Mutero C M - - 2004
Field experiments were conducted in central Kenya, to study the effect of ammonium sulphate fertiliser ((NH(4))(2)SO(4)) on mosquito larval populations in rice fields. The experiments used a complete randomised block design having four blocks with two experimental ponds per block, and the fertiliser and control treatments allocated randomly among the ...
Tonzetich John - - 2004
Acetic orcein staining of polytene chromosomes was introduced in 1941 shortly after the initial studies on aceto-carmine-stained chromosomes by Bridges (2) and has remained a standard method of preparation. Orcein dye can be purchased in both its natural form as extracted from two species of lichens, Rocella tinctoria and Lecanora ...
Zhimulev I F - - 2004
Polytene chromosomes were described in 1881 and since 1934 they have served as an outstanding model for a variety of genetic experiments. Using the polytene chromosomes, numerous biological phenomena were discovered. First the polytene chromosomes served as a model of the interphase chromosomes in general. In polytene chromosomes, condensed (bands), ...
Westropp Jodi L - - 2003
PURPOSE: We documented the uncoupling of sympathetic nervous system activity from the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis in cats with feline interstitial cystitis (FIC). Altered hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal activity was recently suggested in some humans with interstitial cystitis (IC) but to our knowledge no information exists on adrenal gland size and histopathology in this disease. ...
Potts W T W - - 2003
The coelom in the bipinnaria larva of Asterias acts as a buoyancy tank. The concentrations of magnesium and sulphate in the coelomic fluid are lower than in seawater, reducing the density. The coelomic epithelium is a secretory epithelium, probably secreting sodium or chloride ions that then draw in the counter ...
Belyaeva E S - - 2003
It has been previously shown that the SuUR gene encodes a protein located in intercalary and pericentromeric heterochromatin in Drosophila melanogaster polytene chromosomes. The SuUR mutation suppresses the formation of ectopic contacts and DNA underreplication in polytene chromosomes; SuUR+ in extra doses enhances the expression of these characters. This study ...
Wiseman Bryony S - - 2003
During puberty, mouse mammary epithelial ducts invade the stromal mammary fat pad in a wave of branching morphogenesis to form a complex ductal tree. Using pharmacologic and genetic approaches, we find that mammary gland branching morphogenesis requires transient matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) activity for invasion and branch point selection. MMP-2, but ...
Narula Alka - - 2003
Dioscorea bulbifera could be micropropagated through nodal segments and bulbils. The best medium for regeneration and bulbil differentiation was MS + 0.5 microM IAA (indole-3-acetic acid) + 20.0 microM Kn (kinetin) + 500 mg/L CH (casein hydrolysate) + activated charcoal (20 %). Diosgenin content was maximum in regenerants grown on ...
Marchetti Marcella - - 2003
We have analyzed the expression of homeotic Bithorax Complex proteins in the fat bodies of Drosophila larvae by staining with specific antibodies. We have found that these proteins are differentially expressed along the anteroposterior (AP) axis of the fat body, with patterns parallel to those previously characterized for the larval ...
Sass Georgette L - - 2003
The male-specific lethal (MSL) complex of Drosophila is responsible for the presence of a monoacetylated isoform of histone H4 (H4Ac16), found exclusively on the X chromosome of males. This particular covalent modification of histone H4 is correlated with a 2-fold enhancement of the transcription of most X-linked genes in Drosophila ...
Afonso Sandra - - 2003
BACKGROUND: It has been shown that refractory hyperparathyroidism (HPT) correlates biologically with a monoclonal true neoplasm, but the chromosomal changes and their relationship with biochemical variables such as high levels of phosphate, low levels of calcium (Ca), and calcitriol deficiency are still in need of a deeper analysis. METHODS: Comparative ...
Wu Chwen-Huey - - 2003
NELF and DSIF collaborate to inhibit elongation by RNA polymerase IIa in extracts from human cells. A multifaceted approach was taken to investigate the potential role of these factors in promoter proximal pausing on the hsp70 gene in Drosophila. Immunodepletion of DSIF from a Drosophila nuclear extract reduced the level ...
Santhosh P - - 2003
UV-visible spectroelectrochemical studies on copolymerization of diphenylamine (DPA) with ortho-methoxy aniline (OMA) were carried out for different feed ratios of DPA and OMA using indium tin oxide (ITO)-coated glass as working electrode. The UV-visible spectra show clear dependencies on the molar feed composition of DPA or OMA used in electropolymerization. ...
Post R J - - 2003
Cytotaxonomic analysis of the polytene chromosomes from larvae of the Simulium damnosum Theobald complex from the island of Bioko in Equatorial Guinea is reported, and a new endemic cytoform is described. Chromosomally this cytoform is close to both S. squamosum (Enderlein) and S. yahense Vajime & Dunbar, but is not ...
Campos Jairo - - 2003
Polytene chromosome preparations were obtained from larval, pupal and adult female Malpighian tubules of Aedes aegypti. The Malpighian tubules of the pupae (0-4 h old) from larvae reared at 20 C provided the best cytogenetic analysis. The interaction of nucleic acids and proteins that influence the spreading of the chromosomes ...
Campos Jairo - - 2003
Dipteran polytene chromosomes provide an excellent model for understanding in species complexes, as well as for structural and functional cytogenetics. The status of species in the Culex pipiens complex is controversial and the use of polytene chromosomes for cytogenetic analysis in the subfamily Culicinae has been difficult because of methodological ...
Lauro Federico M - - 2003
The bacterial pathogen Paenibacillus larvae is the causative agent of American foulbrood disease in honeybees (Apis mellifera). A touchdown nested PCR protocol was developed to detect the presence of P. larvae spores directly in honey and hive samples. This approach allows early discovery of the bacteria even at concentrations below ...
Novitski, Edward
The genetic evidence available at present indicates that certain groups of genes tend to remain linked in the various members of the genus Drosophila (Donald 1936; Sturtevant and Tan, 1937; Sturtevant, 1938a, 1940; Sturtevant and Novitaki., 1941). These elements are comparable to the arms of the chromosomes of melanogaster and ...
Ayame Hirohito - - 2003
Improvements to the Fmoc solid-phase synthesis of N-methylpyrrole (Py) and N-methylimidazole (Im) polyamides were examined. It was found that a different combination of coupling agents and activators, and the introduction of a dimer unit significantly enhanced the yield of polyamides. Using this improved method, various types of polyamides were synthesized. ...
Michailova P - - 2003
Although recent work has shown that environmentally relevant concentrations of freshly neutralized aluminium (AI) are bioavailable and toxic to freshwater invertebrates, the genotoxicity of Al has not been examined. Here we show that freshly neutralized Al affects structure and function of the salivary gland polytene chromosomes of the ubiquitous chironomid ...
Zhimulev Igor F - - 2003
The SuUR (suppressor of underreplication) gene controls late replication and underreplication of DNA in Drosophila melanogaster polytene chromosomes: its mutation suppresses DNA underreplication whereas additional doses of the normal allele strongly enhances underreplication. The SuUR protein is localized in late replicating and underreplicating regions. The N-terminal part of the SuUR ...
Shahjahan Reza M - - 2002
Standard photographic maps of the polytene chromosomes are presented for the melon fly Bactrocera cucurbitae, a serious pest of fleshy fruits and vegetables. Five larval salivary gland polytene chromosomes (10 polytene arms) were isolated, and their characteristic features and landmarks have been recognized. Banding patterns of each of the polytene ...
Andreasen M H - - 2002
We are interested in generating a Y-autosome translocation of the Resistance to dieldrin (Rdl) locus in the malaria vector mosquito Anopheles stephensi Liston (Diptera: Culicidae), for use in sterile insect release. To ensure stability of the system, a recombination suppressing inversion can also be induced which encompasses the Rdl locus. ...
Saura Anja O - - 2002
The chromosome arms are assumed to be homologous within the genus Drosophila. Homology at the level of the polytene chromosome banding pattern between non-sibling species is, however, almost impossible to establish as different processes such as inversion, transposition and unequal crossing over, have disturbed it. Even though the band sequences ...
Mavragani-Tsipidou P - - 2002
The genetic and cytogenetic characteristics of one of the major agricultural pests, the olive fruit fly Bactmcera oleae, are presented here. The mitotic metaphase complement of this insect consists of six pairs of chromosomes including one pair of heteromorphic sex chromosomes, with the male being the heterogametic sex. The analysis ...
Lewis P D - - 2002
It has previously been demonstrated that mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) mutations accumulate in the lung and increase in frequency with age. It has also been shown that the level of mtDNA mutations including deletions and base substitutions are elevated in lung tissue of smokers relative to non-smokers. We have previously shown ...
Berzosa P J - - 2002
Anopheles gambiae sensu lato Giles, 1902 and Anophelesfunestus Giles, 1900 are the main malaria vectors on the island of Bioko (Equatorial Guinea). This study was carried out to determine: a) members of the An. gambiae complex that may be present on the island of Bioko and, b) the sensitivity of ...
Cooper R D - - 2002
Anophelines were sampled from 82 locations on Buka and Bougainville islands in Papua New Guinea by larval collections, carbon dioxide-baited mosquito traps, and human biting catches. Anopheles farauti s.s. was collected in larval surveys but infrequently in mosquito traps on both islands; on Buka Island this species was readily collected ...
Chah S - - 2002
Fifty and one-hundred micrometer diameter nanostructured gold hollow microspheres (GHSs), in >98% purity, have been prepared by using ceramic hollow spheres, CHSs, as templates. Tennanometer diameter gold nanoparticles were covalently linked to the thiol moiety of (3-mercaptopropyl)trimethoxysilane, which had been self-assembled onto the CHSs. Greater structural strength was obtained by ...
Endo Y - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: Microchimerism of foetal cells occurs during most pregnancies. Two autoimmune diseases, systemic sclerosis (SSc) and Sjögren's syndrome (SS), have many clinical and pathological similarities to chronic graft-vs-host disease (GVHD). These findings suggest that anti-maternal graft-vs-host reaction by foetal cells may be involved in the pathogenesis of the diseases. To ...
Clark S G - - 2002
Thorough examinations of the reproductive system of boars are generally not performed on normal boars to be used for breeding; only boars with problems undergo a form of a breeding soundness examination. In order for veterinarians to identify pathological conditions, the normal architecture of the accessory sex glands needs to ...
Meregalli G - - 2002
Chironomid mouthpart deformities and aberrations of their polytenic chromosomes are sublethal responses to toxic stress. These endpoints have been used in several cases as bioindications for sediment pollution. In the present study we aimed to establish whether there was an association between mouthpart deformities and nucleolus activity in the polytenic ...
Moshkin Yuri M - - 2002
In the Suppressor of Underreplication( SuUR) mutant strain of Drosophila melanogaster, the heterochromatin of polytene chromosomes is not underreplicated and, as a consequence, a number of beta-heterochromatic regions acquire a banded structure. The chromocenter does not form in these polytene chromosomes, and heterochromatic regions, normally part of the chromocenter, become ...
Makunin I V - - 2002
In many late-replicating euchromatic regions of salivary gland polytene chromosomes, DNA is underrepresented. A mutation in the SuUR gene suppresses underreplication and leads to normal levels of DNA polytenization in these regions. We identified the SuUR gene and determined its structure. In the SuUR mutant stock a 6-kb insertion was ...
Ram K Ravi - - 2002
Male accessory gland secretions, which have a role to play in reproduction have been investigated. The number of cells that make up the gland, the quantity of secretions synthesized and the influence of these secretions on fecundity of the female have been studied in D. n. nasuta, D. n. albomicans ...
Gonzy G - - 2002
Seven new alleles of the Broad-Complex gene of Drosophila melanogaster, which encodes a family of four zinc finger protein isoforms BR-C Z1, Z2, Z3 and Z4, were generated by transposase-induced mobilization of a P[Zw] element inserted in either the first intron downstream from the P165 promoter or the exon encoding ...
Staiber W - - 2002
In Acricotopus lucidus (Diptera, Chironomidae) the germ line-limited chromosomes (Ks) have developed from the soma chromosomes (Ss) by endoreduplication, rearrangements and accumulation of germ line-specific repetitive sequences. For molecular analysis of specific small K sections, microdissection of metaphase Ks generally yields very limited amounts of DNA. In this study, K-specific ...
Hirota Mitsuru - - 2002
Citrinin is one of the mycotoxins produced by Penicillium citrinum. We examined the decomposition products after heating citrinin in water at 140 degrees C and isolated a major product, citrinin H2 (3-(3,5-dihydroxy-2-methylphenyl)-2-formyloxy-butane). Citrinin H2 did not show significant cytotoxicity to HeLa cells up to a concentration of 200 microg/ml (% ...
Pile Lori A - - 2002
This article contains a detailed protocol for localizing transcription factors on Drosophila melanogaster polytene chromosomes by immunofluorescence. The large polytene chromosomes from third-instar larval salivary gland cells allow mapping of chromosome-associated proteins at high resolution. Thus, this method has been used to investigate how broadly transcription factors function and to ...
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