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York Timothy P - - 2013
Childhood sexual abuse (CSA) is a traumatic life event associated with an increased lifetime risk for psychopathology/morbidity. The long-term biological consequences of CSA-elicited stress on chromosomal stability in adults are unknown. The primary aim of this study was to determine if the rate of acquired chromosomal changes, measured using the ...
Gendzekhadze Ketevan - - 2013
Engraftment monitoring is critical for patients after Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation (HSCT). Complete donor chimerism is the goal; therefore, early detection of rejection and relapse is crucial for guiding the patient post HSCT treatment. Quantitative PCR for chimerism testing has been reported to be highly sensitive. In this chapter we ...
Fife M S MS Institute for Animal Health, Compton, Berkshire RG20 7NN, UKThe Roslin Institute and Royal (Dick) School of Veterinary Studies, University of Edinburgh, Midlothian EH25 9PS, - - 2011
Salmonella-infected poultry products are a major source of human Salmonella infection. The prophylactic use of antimicrobials in poultry production was recently banned in the EU, increasing the need for alternative methods to control Salmonella infections in poultry flocks. Genetic selection of chickens more resistant to Salmonella colonization provides an attractive ...
Wei W H WH The Roslin Institute and R(D)SVS, University of Edinburgh, Roslin, Midlothian EH25 9PS, - - 2011
A number of studies have mapped QTL regulating porcine fatness and growth traits to the region of the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) on porcine chromosome 7 using various experimental crosses. The QTL results from crosses using the Chinese Meishan (MS) (slow growing and fat) are particularly interesting because the MS ...
Wei W H WH MRC Human Genetics Unit, Institute of Genetics and Molecular Medicine, Western General Hospital, Edinburgh EH4 2XU, - - 2011
High throughput analyses were performed to detect epistatic QTL in 17 body dimension and organ weight traits from a large F(2) pig population derived from a White Duroc and Erhualian intercross. The analyses used a nested test framework to handle multiple tests and a combined search algorithm to map epistatic ...
Forsyth Alec - - 2010
We have examined the genetics of nonhost resistance in Arabidopsis, using the bean pathogen Pseudomonas syringae pv. phaseolicola race 6 1448A to probe accessions for natural variation in basal defense. Symptoms rarely developed in leaves of Niedersenz (Nd), some yellowing and occasional necrosis developed in Columbia (Col), whereas tissue collapse ...
Morris C A - - 2010
A QTL study of live animal and carcass traits in beef cattle was carried out in New Zealand and Australia. Back-cross calves (385 heifers and 398 steers) were generated, with Jersey and Limousin backgrounds. This paper reports on weights of eight organs (heart, liver, lungs, kidneys, spleen, gastro-intestinal tract, fat, ...
Sahana G - - 2010
A genome-wide association study was conducted using a mixed model analysis for QTL for fertility traits in Danish and Swedish Holstein cattle. The analysis incorporated 2,531 progeny tested bulls, and a total of 36,387 SNP markers on 29 bovine autosomes were used. Eleven fertility traits were analyzed for SNP association. ...
Lopes M S - - 2010
Navicular disease is characterized by a progressive degenerative alteration of the equine podotrochlea. In this study, we refined a previously identified quantitative trait locus (QTL) on horse chromosome 10 for the abnormal development of canales sesamoidales (DCS) of the navicular bone in Hanoverian warmblood horses. Genotyping was done in 192 ...
Li J Z - - 2011
Grain yield is the most important and complex trait in maize. In this study, a total of 258 F(9) recombinant inbred lines (RIL), derived from a cross between dent corn inbred Dan232 and popcorn inbred N04, were evaluated for eight grain yield components under four environments. Quantitative trait loci (QTL) ...
McLachlan Stela - - 2011
Both iron deficiency and iron excess are detrimental in many organisms, and previous studies in both mice and humans suggest that genetic variation may influence iron status in mammals. However, these genetic factors are not well defined. To address this issue, we measured basal liver iron levels in 18 inbred ...
Snowdon R J - - 2010
This study describes the use of regional association analyses to delineate a sequenced region of a Brassica napus chromosome with a significant effect on antinutritive seed meal compounds in oilseed rape. A major quantitative trait locus (QTL) influencing seed colour, fibre content, and phenolic compounds was mapped to the same ...
Zhang Li-Yi - - 2010
A major objective of quantitative trait locus (QTL) studies is to find genes/markers that can be used in breeding programs via marker assisted selection (MAS). We surveyed the QTLs for yield and yield-related traits and their genomic distributions in common wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) in the available published reports. We ...
Xu Yu - - 2011
Seed size traits in soybean-length, width and thickness-and their corresponding ratios-length-to-width, length-to-thickness and width-to-thickness-play a crucial role in determining seed appearance, quality and yield. In this study, an attempt was made to detect quantitative trait loci (QTL) for the aforementioned seed size traits in F(2:3), F(2:4) and F(2:5) populations from ...
Pannebakker B A - - 2011
Our understanding of how natural selection should shape sex allocation is perhaps more developed than for any other trait. However, this understanding is not matched by our knowledge of the genetic basis of sex allocation. Here, we examine the genetic basis of sex ratio variation in the parasitoid wasp Nasonia ...
Saless Neema N Cellular and Molecular Biology Program, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI, - - 2011
Studies of bone genetics have addressed an array of related phenotypes, including various measures of biomechanical performance, bone size, bone, shape, and bone mineral density. These phenotypes are not independent, resulting in redundancy of the information they provide. Principal component (PC) analysis transforms multiple phenotype data to a new set ...
Milne Iain - - 2010
New software tools for graphical genotyping are required that can routinely handle the large data volumes generated by the high-throughput single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) platforms, genotyping-by-sequencing and other comparable genotyping technologies. Flapjack has been developed to facilitate analysis of these data, providing real time rendering with rapid navigation and comparisons between ...
Gregersen V R - - 2010
Pleuropneumonia is a major problem in pig production. At the time of slaughter, chronic pleuritis (CP) developed from pleuropneumonia is a common finding, and breeding for a reduced incidence of CP using marker-assisted selection (MAS) would be advantageous. Before applying MAS, quantitative trait loci (QTL) or markers associated with the ...
Mateescu R G - - 2010
The productivity and economic prosperity of sheep farming could benefit greatly from more effective methods of selection for year-round lambing. Identification of QTL for aseasonal reproduction in sheep could lead to more accurate selection and faster genetic improvement. One hundred and twenty microsatellite markers were genotyped on 159 backcross ewes ...
Wang Jin - - 2010
QTL analysis using a BC5F2:3 mapping population derived from a cross between Am3, a synthetic hexaploid wheat as a donor parent, and Laizhou953, a Chinese winter wheat cultivar as a recurrent parent, showed that variation at the microsatellite locus Xgwm113 on chromosome 4B was associated with variation in grain number ...
Mateescu R G - - 2010
A backcross pedigree using dairy East Friesian rams and non-dairy Dorset ewes was established specifically to map quantitative trait loci (QTL) affecting milk production in sheep. Ninety nine microsatellite markers of an initial set of 120 were successfully genotyped and informative on 188 animals of this backcross pedigree. Test-day milk ...
Baron E E EE Animal Biotechnology Laboratory, Department of Animal Science, ESALQ-USP. Av. Pádua Dias 11, Piracicaba-SP, 13418-900, Brazil.Department of Animal Production, FMVZ, São Paulo State University (UNESP), Botucatu, SP, 18618-000, Brazil.Embrapa Suínos e Aves. BR 153, Km 110, Concórdia, SC, 89700-000, Brazil.Universidade Federal da Bahia, Av. Ademar de Barros, 500, Ondina Salvador, BA, 40170-110, Brazil.Roslin Institute, Edinburgh University, Midlothian EH25 9PS, - - 2011
An F2 experimental population, developed from a broiler layer cross, was used in a genome scan of QTL for percentage of carcass, carcass parts, shank and head. Up to 649 F2 chickens from four paternal half-sib families were genotyped with 128 genetic markers covering 22 linkage groups. Total map length was ...
Finlay Clare - - 2010
Insulin resistance and altered endocrine pancreas function are central pathophysiological features of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). The Goto-Kakizaki (GK) rat is a model of spontaneous T2DM characterised by reduced beta cell mass and genetically determined glucose intolerance and altered insulin secretion. To identify genetic determinants of endocrine pancreas histopathology, ...
Deng Shimin - - 2011
Tiller number (TN) and spike number per plant (SN) are key components of grain yield and/or biomass in wheat. In this study, an introgression line 05210, developed by introgression of chromosomal segments from a synthetic exotic wheat Am3 into an elite cultivar Laizhou953, showed a significantly increased TN and SN, ...
Zhang H - - 2010
In broiler chickens, bone problems are an important welfare issue that has been linked to genetic selection for rapid growth. The objectives of this study were to identify and fine map quantitative trait loci (QTL) associated with bone traits. The Northeast Agricultural University resource population (NEAURP) being an F(2) population ...
Gutiérrez Osman A - - 2011
The identification of molecular markers that are closely linked to gene(s) in Gossypium barbadense L. accession GB713 that confer a high level of resistance to reniform nematode (RN), Rotylenchulus reniformis Linford & Oliveira, would be very useful in cotton breeding programs. Our objectives were to determine the inheritance of RN ...
Walker Cassandra K - - 2011
A breeding objective for the malting barley industry is to produce lines with softer, plumper grain containing moderate protein content (9-12%) as they are more likely to imbibe water readily and contain more starch per grain, which in turn produces higher levels of malt extract. In a malting barley mapping ...
Siwek M - - 2010
A QTL involved in the primary antibody response toward keyhole limpet hemocyanin (KLH) was detected on chicken chromosome 14 in the experimental population, which was created by crossing commercial White Leghorn and a Polish native chicken breed (green-legged partridgelike). The current QTL location is a validation of previous experiments pointing ...
Chen G G Department of Behavioral Neuroscience and Portland Alcohol Research Center, Portland Veterans Affairs Medical Center and Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, OR 97239-3098, - - 2010
Physiological dependence and associated withdrawal episodes are thought to constitute a motivational force that sustains alcohol use and abuse and may contribute to relapse in dependent individuals. Although no animal model duplicates alcoholism, models for specific factors, like withdrawal, are useful for identifying potential genetic and neural determinants of liability ...
McCord P H - - 2011
Internal heat necrosis (IHN) is a physiological disorder of potato tubers. We developed a linkage map of tetraploid potato using AFLP and SSR markers, and mapped QTL for mean severity and percent incidence of IHN. Phenotypic data indicated that the distribution of IHN is skewed toward resistance. Late foliage maturity ...
Rand David M DM Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island 02912, USA. - - 2010
We report the results of two independent selection experiments that have exposed distinct populations of Drosophila melanogaster to different forms of thermal selection. A recombinant population derived from Arvin California and Zimbabwe isofemale lines was exposed to laboratory natural selection at two temperatures (T(AZ): 18°C and 28°C). Microsatellite mapping identified ...
Shao Gaoneng - - 2010
A residual heterozygous line (RHL) carrying a heterozygous segment between two SSR loci RM11 and RM134 on the rice chromosome 7 was selected from a set of recombinant inbred lines from the cross D50 (javanica)/HB277 (indica). The former parent produces much longer grains than the latter. Selfed progenies of this ...
Yu G T - - 2010
Septoria speckled leaf blotch (SSLB), caused by Septoria passerinii, is one of the most important foliar diseases of barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) in North America. The primary problem caused by this disease is substantial yield loss. The objective of this study was to determine the chromosomal location of SSLB resistance ...
Shen Xinlian - - 2010
The identification and utilization of a high-level of host plant resistance is the most effective and economical approach to control root-knot nematode (Meloidogyne incognita). In an earlier study, we identified a major quantitative trait locus (QTL) for resistance to root-knot nematode in the M-120 RNR Upland cotton line (Gossypium hirsutum ...
Obara Mitsuhiro - - 2010
Root system development is an important target for improving yield in cereal crops. Active root systems that can take up nutrients more efficiently are essential for enhancing grain yield. In this study, we attempted to identify quantitative trait loci (QTL) involved in root system development by measuring root length of ...
Ackert-Bicknell Cheryl L CL The Jackson Laboratory, Bar Harbor, ME 04609, USA. - - 2010
Bone mineral density (BMD) is a heritable trait, and in mice, over 100 quantitative trait loci (QTLs) have been reported, but candidate genes have been identified for only a small percentage. Persistent errors in the mouse genetic map have negatively affected QTL localization, spurring the development of a new, corrected ...
Truntzler M - - 2010
A meta-analysis of quantitative trait loci (QTL) associated with plant digestibility and cell wall composition in maize was carried out using results from 11 different mapping experiments. Statistical methods implemented in "MetaQTL" software were used to build a consensus map, project QTL positions and perform meta-analysis. Fifty-nine QTL for traits ...
Samocha K E KE Department of Human Genetics, The University of Chicago, IL 60637, - - 2010
Prepulse inhibition (PPI) of the startle response is a measure of sensorimotor gating, a process that filters out extraneous sensory, motor and cognitive information. Humans with neurological and psychiatric disorders, including schizophrenia, obsessive-compulsive disorder and Huntington's disease, exhibit a reduction in PPI. Habituation of the startle response is also disrupted ...
Xiao Junhua - - 2010
The mouse is an irreplaceable model for understanding the precise genetic mechanisms of mammalian physiological pathways. Thousands of quantitative trait loci (QTLs) have been mapped onto the mouse genome during the last two decades. However, only a few genes' underlying complex traits have been successfully identified, and rapid fine mapping ...
Liu Shubing - - 2010
Preharvest sprouting (PHS) is a major constraint to white wheat production. Previously, we mapped quantitative trait loci (QTL) for PHS resistance in white wheat by using a recombinant inbred line (RIL) population derived from the cross Rio Blanco/NW97S186. One QTL, QPhs.pseru-3A, showed a major effect on PHS resistance, and three ...
Boysen T J - - 2010
The distal part of SSC7, which contains the ortholog to the ovine region encompassing the callipyge locus, was analyzed in a Piétrain F(2) resource population comprising more than 2,700 offspring. The aim of the study was to map QTL affecting carcass traits comparable with the callipyge phenotype in sheep. We ...
Wang Shiliang S Department of Cell and Molecular Physiology and the McAllister Heart Institute, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, NC 27599-7545, - - 2010
Collaterals are arteriole-to-arteriole anastomoses that connect adjacent arterial trees. They lessen ischemic tissue injury by serving as endogenous bypass vessels when the trunk of 1 tree becomes narrowed by vascular disease. The number and diameter ("extent") of native (preexisting) collaterals, plus their amount of lumen enlargement (growth/remodeling) in occlusive disease, ...
Uddin Muhammad Jasim - - 2010
The aim of the present study was to detect quantitative trait loci (QTL) for innate and adaptive immunity in pigs. For this purpose, a Duroc x Pietrain F(2) resource population (DUPI) with 319 offspring was used to map QTL for the immune traits blood antibodies and interferon-gamma using 122 microsatellites ...
Hutton Samuel F - - 2010
Bacterial spot of tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.), caused by several Xanthomonas sp., is a serious but difficult disease to control by chemical means. Development of resistance has been hindered by emergence of races virulent to tomato, by the quantitative inheritance of resistance, and by a low correlation between seedling assays ...
Koseki Maiko - - 2010
Cold tolerance at the seedling stage (CTSS) is an important trait affecting stable rice production in temperate climates and areas of high elevation. In this study, 331 single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) markers were developed and used along with phenotypic evaluation to identify quantitative trait loci (QTLs) associated with CTSS from ...
Bolormaa S - - 2010
Three microsatellite markers on goat chromosome 23 adjacent to the MHC were used to test for quantitative trait loci (QTL) affecting faecal worm egg count (WEC) and leukocyte traits in ten Australian Angora and twelve Australian Cashmere half-sib families (n = 16-57 per family). Data were collected from 280 Angora ...
Pedersen L D - - 2010
We used computer simulations to investigate to what extent true inbreeding, i.e. identity-by-descent, is affected by the use of marker-assisted selection (MAS) relative to traditional best linear unbiased predictions (BLUP) selection. The effect was studied by varying the heritability (h(2) = 0.04 vs. 0.25), the marker distance (MAS vs. selection ...
Li Hongwei - - 2010
High light induced photooxidation (HLIP) usually leads to leaf premature senescence and causes great yield loss in winter wheat. In order to explore the genetic control of wheat tolerance to HLIP stress, a quantitative trait loci (QTL) analysis was conducted on a set of doubled haploid population, derived from two ...
Farooq Muhammad - - 2010
The present study was conducted to identify quantitative trait loci (QTLs) for leaf size traits in IR64 introgression lines (INLs). For this purpose, selected F(2) populations derived from crosses between recurrent parent IR64 and its derived INLs, unique for leaf length and leaf width, were used to confirm QTLs. A ...
Tashima Itaru - - 2010
In this study, quantitative trait locus (QTL) analysis was used to identify candidate chromosomes and for detecting the regions that include the gene or genes causing gutter-shaped root (GSR) in AKXL recombinant inbred mouse strains. One potential QTL was detected on chromosome 5 within a region of 13.0 cM, where ...
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