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Sanchez Marie-Pierre - - 2014
Numerous quantitative trait loci (QTL) have been detected in pigs over the past 20 years using microsatellite markers. However, due to the low density of these markers, the accuracy of QTL location has generally been poor. Since 2009, the dense genome coverage provided by the Illumina PorcineSNP60 BeadChip has made ...
Ma Yunlong Y Key Laboratory of Animal Genetics, Breeding and Reproduction, Ministry of Agriculture, National Engineering Laboratory for Animal Breeding, College of Animal Science and Technology, China Agricultural University, Beijing, P.R. - - 2014
Identifying footprints of selection can provide a straightforward insight into the mechanism of artificial selection and further dig out the causal genes related to important traits. In this study, three between-population and two within-population approaches, the Cross Population Extend Haplotype Homozygosity Test (XPEHH), the Cross Population Composite Likelihood Ratio (XPCLR), ...
Wang Lei - - 2013
The extent of linkage disequilibrium (LD) is of critical importance for genomic selection and markerassisted selection. The primary purpose of this study is to examine patterns of LD in three Danish pigbreeds (Duroc, Landrace and Yorkshire); we also examine patterns of persistence of phase betweenthe breeds. We quantify local LD ...
Hidalgo André M AM Departamento de Zootecnia, Universidade Federal de Viçosa, Viçosa, MG, Brazil - - 2013
Fine mapping of quantitative trait loci (QTL) from previous linkage studies was performed on pig chromosomes 1, 4, 7, 8, 17, and X which were known to harbor QTL. Traits were divided into: growth performance, carcass, internal organs, cut yields, and meat quality. Fifty families were used of a F2 ...
Zambonelli Paolo - - 2013
The pH is an important parameter influencing technological quality of pig meat, a trait affected by environmental and genetic factors. Several quantitative trait loci associated to meat pH are described on PigQTL database but only two genes influencing this parameter have been so far detected: Ryanodine receptor 1 and Protein ...
Cepica S - - 2013
Association mapping of the central part of porcine chromosome 2 harboring QTLs for carcass and meat quality traits was performed with 17 gene-tagged SNPs located between 44.0 and 77.5Mb on a physical map (Sscrofa10.2) in Italian Large White pigs. For the analyzed animals records of estimated breeding values for average ...
Melo C - - 2013
The performance of a genome scan for serum lipid traits at 45 and 190 days in five half-sib families of Duroc pigs allowed us to detect several pig chromosomal regions with significant effects on serum lipid traits at 45 and 190 days. In the current work, we aimed to refine ...
Sahana Goutam - - 2013
Feed conversion ratio (FCR) is an economically important trait in pigs and feed accounts for a significant proportion of the costs involved in pig production. In this study we used a high density SNP chip panel, Porcine SNP60 BeadChip, to identify association between FCR and SNP markers and to study ...
Bjerre D - - 2013
In a recent study we confirmed that QTL regions on pig chromosomes 11, 13, and 15 are associated with reproduction traits in the pig. Within these regions the genetic variation was largest on chromosome 13. The QTL region on this chromosome was therefore studied further to identify genes known to ...
Rangkasenee Noppawan - - 2013
Osteochondrosis (OC) is an orthopedic syndrome of the joints that occurs in children and adolescents and domestic animals, particularly pigs, horses, and dogs. OC is the most frequent cause of leg weakness in rapidly growing pigs causing animal welfare issues and economic losses. In this study, a genome-wide association study ...
Lisachov Artem P AP Institute of Cytology and Genetics,Russian Academy of Sciences, Siberian Department & Novosibirsk State University, Novosibirsk 630090, - - 2013
DAPI staining of the metaphase chromosomes pretreated with barium hydroxide generates a C-like banding pattern. In this work a protocol for visualizing similar pattern at the synaptonemal complex (SC) spreads after immunostaining is suggested. This method was used to visualize centromeric and sex heterochromatin at the SC spreads of guppy ...
Kim Jaemin - - 2012
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Traditional candidate gene approach has been widely used for the study of complex diseases including obesity. However, this approach is largely limited by its dependence on existing knowledge of presumed biology of the phenotype under investigation. Our combined strategy of comparative genomics and chromosomal heritability estimate analysis of ...
Ji Guangzhen - - 2012
Telomeres are composed of TTAGGG repeats and located at the ends of chromosomes. Telomeres protect chromosomes from instability in mammals, including mice and humans. Repetitive TTAGGG sequences are also found at intrachromosomal sites, where they are named as interstitial telomeric sequences (ITSs). Aberrant ITSs are implicated in chromosomal instability and ...
Wilson Kaitlin - - 2012
The objective of this study was to identify loci associated with tail biting or being a victim of tail biting in Norwegian crossbred pigs using a genome-wide association study with PLINK case-control analysis. DNA was extracted from hair or blood samples collected from 98 trios of crossbred pigs located across ...
Rivi M - - 2012
In this study, we present cytogenetic data regarding 66 Myzus persicae strains collected in different regions of Italy. Together with the most common 2n=12 karyotype, the results showed different chromosomal rearrangements: 2n=12 with A1-3 reciprocal translocation, 2n=13 with A1-3 reciprocal translocation and A3 fission, 2n=13 with A3 fission, 2n=13 with ...
Monti Valentina - - 2012
Analysis of the holocentric mitotic chromosomes of the peach-potato aphid, Myzus persicae (Sulzer), from clones labelled 50, 51 and 70 revealed different chromosome numbers, ranging from 12 to 14, even within each embryo, in contrast to the standard karyotype of this species (2n = 12). Chromosome length measurements, combined with fluorescent in ...
Dao Duc Khanh - - 2012
: Default activation of the spindle assembly checkpoint provides severe constraints on the underlying biochemical activation rates: on one hand, the cell cannot divide before all chromosomes are aligned, but on the other hand, when they are ready, the separation is quite fast, lasting a few minutes. Our purpose is ...
Tortereau Flavie F Wageningen University, Animal Breeding and Genomics Centre, 6700AH, Wageningen, The - - 2012
The availability of a high-density SNP genotyping chip and a reference genome sequence of the pig (Sus scrofa) enabled the construction of a high-density linkage map. A high-density linkage map is an essential tool for further fine-mapping of quantitative trait loci (QTL) for a variety of traits in the pig ...
Barros Luísa Antônia Campos - - 2012
The ant Mycocepurus goeldii (Forel) is known for having a relict karyotype with low chromosome number and the present study help the understanding of this ant cytogenetics by describing the occurrence of pre-nucleolar bodies in their chromosomes using impregnation with silver nitrate (Ag-NOR) and the location of 45S rDNA sites ...
Bridger Joanna M - - 2011
There are an increasing number of studies reporting the movement of gene loci and whole chromosomes to new compartments within interphase nuclei. Some of the movements can be rapid, with relocation of parts of the genome within less than 15 min over a number of microns. Some of these studies have ...
Mian Afsar A - - 2012
The t(9;22) translocation leads to the formation of the chimeric breakpoint cluster region/c-abl oncogene 1 (BCR/ABL) fusion gene on der22, the Philadelphia chromosome. The p185(BCR/ABL) or the p210(BCR/ABL) fusion proteins are encoded as a result of the translocation, depending on whether a "minor" or "major" breakpoint occurs, respectively. Both p185(BCR/ABL) ...
Negri Tiziana - - 2011
To highlight possible similarities and differences in receptor tyrosine kinase (RTK) and downstream signalling activation profiles between clear-cell sarcomas (CCS) and metastatic melanomas (MM), frozen, and paired-matched fixed samples of six CCS with EWSR1 rearrangement (EWSR1+), five CCS without EWSR1 rearrangement (EWSR1-), and seven MM were investigated by means of ...
Horn Agnès - - 2012
Chromosomal rearrangements are proposed to promote genetic differentiation between chromosomally differentiated taxa and therefore promote speciation. Due to their remarkable karyotypic polymorphism, the shrews of the Sorex araneus group were used to investigate the impact of chromosomal rearrangements on gene flow. Five intraspecific chromosomal hybrid zones characterized by different levels of karyotypic ...
Yaffe Eitan - - 2011
Hi-C experiments measure the probability of physical proximity between pairs of chromosomal loci on a genomic scale. We report on several systematic biases that substantially affect the Hi-C experimental procedure, including the distance between restriction sites, the GC content of trimmed ligation junctions and sequence uniqueness. To address these biases, ...
Lange Julian - - 2011
In many organisms, developmentally programmed double-strand breaks (DSBs) formed by the SPO11 transesterase initiate meiotic recombination, which promotes pairing and segregation of homologous chromosomes. Because every chromosome must receive a minimum number of DSBs, attention has focused on factors that support DSB formation. However, improperly repaired DSBs can cause meiotic ...
Silva P - - 2011
Accurate chromosome segregation relies on activity of the spindle assembly checkpoint, a surveillance mechanism that prevents premature anaphase onset until all chromosomes are properly attached to the mitotic spindle apparatus and aligned at the metaphase plate. Defects in this mechanism contribute to chromosome instability and aneuploidy, a hallmark of malignant ...
Klein Isaac A - - 2011
Chromosomal rearrangements, including translocations, require formation and joining of DNA double strand breaks (DSBs). These events disrupt the integrity of the genome and are frequently involved in producing leukemias, lymphomas and sarcomas. Despite the importance of these events, current understanding of their genesis is limited. To examine the origins of ...
Matos Joao - - 2011
The efficient and timely resolution of DNA recombination intermediates is essential for bipolar chromosome segregation. Here, we show that the specialized chromosome segregation patterns of meiosis and mitosis, which require the coordination of recombination with cell-cycle progression, are achieved by regulating the timing of activation of two crossover-promoting endonucleases. In ...
Vazquez-Martin Alejandro - - 2011
Raptor is the key scaffolding protein that recruits mTOR substrates to rapamycin-sensitive mTOR complex 1 (mTORC1), a molecular integrator of mitogenic and nutrient/energy environmental inputs into protein translation and cell growth. Although Raptor phosphorylation on various sites is pivotal in the regulation of mTORC1 activity, it remains to be elucidated ...
Okumura Hajime - - 2012
Bacterial chromosome replication is initiated by binding of DnaA to a DnaA-box cluster (DBC) within the replication origin (oriC). In Bacillus subtilis, six additional DBCs are found outside of oriC and some are known to be involved in transcriptional regulation of neighboring genes. A deletion mutant lacking the six DBCs ...
Checchi Paula M - - 2011
Meiosis is a specialized form of cellular division that results in the precise halving of the genome to produce gametes for sexual reproduction. Checkpoints function during meiosis to detect errors and subsequently to activate a signaling cascade that prevents the formation of aneuploid gametes. Indeed, asynapsis of a homologous chromosome ...
Panigrahi Anil K - - 2011
Defining the mechanisms of chromosomal cohesion and dissolution of the cohesin complex from chromatids is important for understanding the chromosomal missegregation seen in many tumor cells. Here we report the identification of a novel cohesin-resolving protease and describe its role in chromosomal segregation. Sister chromatids are held together by cohesin, ...
Chiang Teresa - - 2011
A hypothesis to explain the maternal age-dependent increase in formation of aneuploid eggs is deterioration of chromosome cohesion. Although several lines of evidence are consistent with this hypothesis, whether cohesion is actually reduced in naturally aged oocytes has not been directly tested by any experimental perturbation. To directly target cohesion, ...
Tanenbaum Marvin E - - 2011
Efficient spindle assembly involves the generation of spatial cues around chromosomes that locally stabilize microtubule (MT) plus-ends. In addition to the small GTPase Ran, there is evidence that Aurora B kinase might also generate a spatial cue around chromosomes but direct proof for this is still lacking. Here, we find ...
Schauss Alexander G - - 2011
L-(+)-ergothioneine has antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties in vitro and in vivo and has uses as a dietary supplement and as an ingredient in foods, cosmetics, and as a pharmaceutical additive. The clastogenic potential and mutagenic of ergothioneine were assessed in vitro and in vivo. Ergothioneine concentrations up to 5000 μg/mL, ...
Hu Liyan - - 2011
Disruption of cell cycle checkpoints and interference with the normal cell cycle progression frequently result in cell death or malignant transformation. Hexavalent chromium [Cr(VI)] is a well-known carcinogen that has been implicated in the occurrence of many types of human malignancies, including lung cancer. However, the exact mechanism by which ...
Rosenthal Elisabeth A EA Division of Medical Genetics, Department of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, - - 2011
Phospholipid transfer protein activity (PLTPa) is associated with insulin levels and has been implicated in atherosclerotic disease in both mice and humans. Variation at the PLTP structural locus on chromosome 20 explains some, but not all, heritable variation in PLTPa. In order to detect quantitative trait loci (QTLs) elsewhere in ...
Gao Yan-Fei - - 2011
Aneuploidy and chromosomal instability are major characteristics of human cancer. These abnormalities can result from defects in the spindle assembly checkpoint (SAC), which is a surveillance mechanism for accurate chromosome segregation through restraint of the activity of the anaphase-promoting complex/cyclosome (APC/C). Here, we show that a CUE-domain-containing protein, CUEDC2, is ...
Ellefson Marina L - - 2011
In animals, the female meiotic spindle is positioned at the egg cortex in a perpendicular orientation to facilitate the disposal of half of the chromosomes into a polar body. In Caenorhabditis elegans, the metaphase spindle lies parallel to the cortex, dynein is dispersed on the spindle, and the dynein activators ...
Splinter Erik - - 2011
Three-dimensional topology of DNA in the cell nucleus provides a level of transcription regulation beyond the sequence of the linear DNA. To study the relationship between the transcriptional activity and the spatial environment of a gene, we used allele-specific chromosome conformation capture-on-chip (4C) technology to produce high-resolution topology maps of ...
Schubert Veit - - 2011
Supernumerary (B) chromosomes of rye are not required for plant development and exhibit a reduced transcription activity. These special features inspired us to analyse whether there are differences between A and B chromatin organization in interphase nuclei. Applying fluorescence in situ hybridization, we found that both rye A and B ...
Meadows John C - - 2011
The spindle checkpoint is the prime cell-cycle control mechanism that ensures sister chromatids are bioriented before anaphase takes place. Aurora B kinase, the catalytic subunit of the chromosome passenger complex, both destabilizes kinetochore attachments that do not generate tension and simultaneously maintains the spindle checkpoint signal. However, it is unclear ...
Monti Valentina - - 2011
The structure of the telomeres of four aphid species (Acyrthosiphon pisum, Megoura viciae, Myzus persicae and Rhopalosiphum padi) was evaluated by Southern blotting and fluorescent in situ hybridization, revealing that each chromosomal end consists of a (TTAGG)( n ) repeat. The presence of a telomerase coding gene has been verified ...
Wang Fangwei - - 2011
Haspin phosphorylates histone H3 at Thr3 (H3T3ph) during mitosis [1, 2], providing a chromatin binding site for the chromosomal passenger complex (CPC) at centromeres to regulate chromosome segregation [3-5]. H3T3ph becomes increasingly focused at inner centromeres during prometaphase [1, 2], but little is known about how its level or location ...
Migeon Barbara R - - 2011
All mammals compensate for sex differences in numbers of X chromosomes by transcribing only a single X chromosome in cells of both sexes; however, they differ from one another in the details of the compensatory mechanisms. These species variations result from chance mutations, species differences in the staging of developmental ...
Gamal-Eldeen Amira M - - 2011
The alga Sargassum dentifolium (Turner) C. Agardh, belongs to Sargassaceae, is a brown seaweed in red sea shores in Egypt. This work aimed to extract different water-soluble polysaccharide extracts (E1, E2, and E3) from S. dentifolium and to investigate their protective effect against cyclophosphamide (CP)-induced genotoxicity. Mice bone marrow cells ...
He Enuo - - 2011
The mitotic checkpoint prevents a eukaryotic cell from commencing to separate its replicated genome into two daughter cells (anaphase) until all of its chromosomes are properly aligned on the metaphase plate, with the two copies of each chromosome attached to opposite poles of the mitotic spindle. The mitotic checkpoint is ...
Borowiec James A - - 2011
Chromosomal DNA replication in mammals initiates from replication origins whose activity differs in accordance with cell type and differentiation state. In addition to origins that are active in unperturbed conditions, chromosomes also contain dormant origins that can become functional in response to certain genotoxic stress conditions. Improper regulation of origin ...
Chandirasekar R - - 2011
Tobacco addiction is a major risk for diseases such as cancers, heart attack, etc. Tobacco smoke constitutes environmental toxins that are the major preventable leading cause of death worldwide. We investigated the influence of tobacco smoke on cytogenetic parameters (chromosomal aberrations and micronuclei) and the influence of XRCC1 arg399gln polymorphism ...
Mayr Johannes A - - 2011
Respiratory chain enzymes consist of multiple subunits encoded either by the mitochondrial or by the nuclear genome. Recently the first X-chromosomal mutations in complex I deficient males have been described. Heterozygous female carriers did not seem to be affected. Here, we describe a girl initially presenting with mild muscular hypotonia, ...
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