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Strongin Daniel E DE Division of Basic Sciences; Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center; Seattle, WA - - 2014
Gene loci on different chromosomes can preferentially colocalize in the cell nucleus. However, many of the mechanisms mediating this spatial proximity remain to be elucidated. The IgH locus on Chromosome 12 and the Myc locus on Chromosome 15 are a well-studied model for gene colocalization in murine B cells, where ...
Lynn Miriam M National Children's Research Centre, Crumlin, Dublin, - - 2014
Rhabdomyosarcoma, the most common pediatric soft tissue malignancy arises in 2 major histologic forms: embryonal and alveolar. Classically, the alveolar subtype is characterized by a chromosomal translocation t(2;13)(q35;q14) or t(1;13)(p36;q14) fusing the PAX3 or PAX7 gene, respectively, to the FOXO1 gene, although fusion-negative cases of alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma (ARMS) occur; these ...
Lynn Miriam M National Children's Research Centre, Crumlin, Dublin, - - 2014
Rhabdomyosarcoma, the most common pediatric soft tissue malignancy arises in 2 major histologic forms: embryonal and alveolar. Classically, the alveolar subtype is characterized by a chromosomal translocation t(2;13)(q35;q14) or t(1;13)(p36;q14) fusing the PAX3 or PAX7 gene, respectively, to the FOXO1 gene, although fusion-negative cases of alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma (ARMS) occur; these ...
Onwuamah Chika K CK Human Virology Laboratory, Nigerian Institute of Medical Research, Yaba, Lagos, - - 2014
Antiretroviral drugs have proved useful in the clinical management of HIV-infected persons, though there are concerns about the effects of exposure to these DNA-reactive drugs. We investigated the potential of the plant model Allium cepa root tip assay to demonstrate the cytogenotoxicity of zidovudine and nevirapine and as a replace-reduce-refine ...
Gimelli Stefania S Service of Genetic Medicine, University Hospitals of Geneva, Geneva, - - 2014
Whole genome profiling such as array comparative genomic hybridization has identified novel genomic imbalances. Copy number studies led to an explosion of the discoveries of new segmental duplication-mediated deletions and duplications. These rearrangements are mostly the result of non-allelic homologous recombination (NAHR) between low-copy repeats or segmental duplications. We have ...
Tyson Christine - - 2013
Copy number variants visible with the light microscope have been described as euchromatic variants (EVs) and EVs with extra G-light material at 8q21.2 have been reported only once before. We report four further patients with EVs of 8q21.2 ascertained for clinical (3) or reproductive reasons (1). Enhanced signal strength from ...
Wutz Anton A Institute of Molecular Health Sciences, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, ETH Zürich, Schafmattstrasse 22, 8049 Zurich, Switzerland. - - 2013
Spreading of dosage compensation over the X chromosome in Drosophila males requires the noncoding roX1 and roX2 RNAs. In this issue, Ilik et al. (2013) and Maenner et al. (2013) show that these RNAs contain discrete binding sites that are remodeled during assembly of the dosage compensation complex.
Black Joshua C JC Massachusetts General Hospital Cancer Center and Department of Medicine, Harvard Medical School, 13th Street, Charlestown, MA 02129, - - 2013
Acquired chromosomal instability and copy number alterations are hallmarks of cancer. Enzymes capable of promoting site-specific copy number changes have yet to be identified. Here, we demonstrate that H3K9/36me3 lysine demethylase KDM4A/JMJD2A overexpression leads to localized copy gain of 1q12, 1q21, and Xq13.1 without global chromosome instability. KDM4A-amplified tumors have ...
Chamberlain Stormy J SJ Department of Genetics and Developmental Biology, University of Connecticut Health Center, Farmington, CT, USA. - - 2013
The human chromosome 15q11-q13 region hosts a wide variety of coding and noncoding RNAs, and is also the site of nearly every imaginable type of RNA processing. To deepen the intrigue, the transcripts in the human chromosome 15q11-q13 region are subject to regulation by genomic imprinting, and some of these ...
Huang W T - - 2012
We evaluated the performance of a multiprobe FISH (fluorescence in situ hybridization) assay for noninvasive detection of upper urinary tract transitional cell carcinoma (UUT-TCC) in patients with asymptomatic hematuria and negative urine cytology. Voided urine samples from 285 patients with asymptomatic hematuria and negative urine cytology were prospectively analyzed by FISH ...
Aly Magdy Sayed - - 2012
Bladder cancer is a common malignancy in developing countries in which bladder infection with the parasite Schistosoma haematobium is prevalent. Several epidemiological, histopathological, and clinical characteristics of schistosoma-associated bladder cancer suggest that it is distinct from bladder cancer seen in other places in the world. The aim of this study ...
Possoz Christophe - - 2012
Dividing cells have mechanisms to ensure that their genomes are faithfully segregated into daughter cells. In bacteria, the description of these mechanisms has been considerably improved in the recent years. This review focuses on the different aspects of bacterial chromosome segregation that can be understood thanks to the studies performed ...
Cruz Joseph - - 2012
Originally released in 2005, BacMap is an electronic, interactive atlas of fully sequenced bacterial genomes. It contains fully labeled, zoomable and searchable chromosome maps for essentially all sequenced prokaryotic (archaebacterial and eubacterial) species. Each map can be zoomed to the level of individual genes and each gene is hyperlinked to ...
Genuis Sj - - 2011
Genuis SJ, Lobo RA. Potential amelioration of morbidity in patients with chromosomal anomalies: relevance to Bardet-Biedl syndrome. Given the genetic basis of their disease, children with major chromosomal abnormalities including Bardet-Biedl syndrome (BBS) are generally considered to have a guarded prognosis with persistence or progression of disease manifestations. Although various ...
Riley Matthew C - - 2011
Optical mapping of bacterial chromosomes provides an unambiguous low-resolution sequence scaffold of the entire chromosome. In comparison to some techniques, such as pulse field gel electrophoresis, cost and throughput limit the application of this technique outside of genome finishing. We have demonstrated the production of multiple bacterial maps using a ...
Kant Sarina G - - 2011
Context: During meiosis I, the recombination frequency in the pseudoautosomal region on Xp and Yp (PAR1) in males is very high. As a result, mutated genes located within the PAR1 region can be transferred from the Y-chromosome to the X-chromosome and vice versa. Patients: Here we describe three families with ...
Dutta Usha R - - 2011
The purpose of the present study was to investigate the contribution of chromosomal anomalies and the frequency of a particular type of aberration in couples with recurrent miscarriages. A total of 1,162 couples with recurrent miscarriages were analyzed using G-banding and Fluorescence in situ hybridization where ever necessary. Chromosomal anomalies ...
McDiarmid Melissa A - - 2010
To determine the frequency of "signature" chromosomal abnormalities in oncology workers handling anticancer drugs. Peripheral blood from health care personnel (N = 109) was examined with probes for targets on chromosomes 5, 7, and 11. The effect of drug-handling frequency on chromosome abnormalities was assessed. An excess of structural (0.18 ...
Furness Carol A - - 2011
Selective megaspore abortion (monomegaspory) probably arose once in seed plants and occurs routinely in more than 70% of angiosperm species, representing one of the key characters of a heterosporous life history. In contrast, selective microspore abortion leading to pollen dispersal as pseudomonads (here termed monomicrospory) apparently arose at least twice ...
Caglayan Ahmet Okay - - 2010
Recurrent miscarriage is a multifactorial problem associated with genetic abnormalities reflected by inherited disorders. The aim of the present study was to investigate the contribution of chromosomal abnormalities and the frequency of a particular type of aberration in couples of Turkish origin with recurrent miscarriages compared with patients without miscarriages. ...
Shi Qiong - - 2011
During early development of the human embryo, chromosomal imbalance and instability may cause spontaneous miscarriages. In this study, we observe aberrant chromosome numbers in nearly half of spontaneous miscarriage embryo samples, most of which show abnormalities in karotype. We also detect significantly reduced expression of two important mitotic checkpoint proteins, ...
Aldred Micheala A - - 2010
Vascular remodeling in pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) involves proliferation and migration of endothelial and smooth muscle cells, leading to obliterative vascular lesions. Previous studies have indicated that the endothelial cell proliferation is quasineoplastic, with evidence of monoclonality and instability of short DNA microsatellite sequences. To assess whether there is larger-scale ...
Ceylaner Gulay - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To identify the distribution of cytogenetic abnormalities among Turkish women with premature ovarian failure (POF). METHOD: A karyotype analysis was performed at the Medical Genetics Department of Zekai Tahir Burak Women's Hospital, Ankara, Turkey, for 75 women younger than 40years found to have POF over a 5-year period. RESULTS: ...
Azuma Taichi - - 2010
This study reports the association of the chromosomal abnormality derivative (1;18)(q10;q10) with essential thrombocythemia (ET) occurring in a 75-year-old woman. Allele-specific polymerase chain reaction also revealed a V617F mutation in the Janus Kinase 2 gene (JAK2) in the platelet compartment in this patient. The der(1;18)(q10;q10) abnormality has previously been reported ...
van den Boogaard E - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Carrier status of a structural balanced chromosome abnormality is associated with recurrent miscarriage. There is, at present, no evidence of the impact of the sequence of preceding pregnancies on the probability of carrier status. The aim of our study was therefore to examine whether the history of consecutive versus ...
Verri Annapia - - 2010
Klinefelter's syndrome (KS) is due to the presence of one or more supernumerary X chromosomes. Aneuploidy 47,XXY is the most common abnormality of sex chromosomes in humans, with an incidence of 1/500 male live births. Only one-third of subjects with KS is, however, diagnosed. The aim of this work is ...
Solomon Benjamin D - - 2010
Holoprosencephaly (HPE) is the most common malformation of the human forebrain. When a clinician identifies a patient with HPE, a routine chromosome analysis is often the first genetic test sent for laboratory analysis in order to assess for a structural or numerical chromosome anomaly. An abnormality of chromosome number is ...
Balkan M - - 2010
We reviewed cytogenetic studies performed on 4216 patients who were referred to the Cytogenetics Unit at Dicle University Hospital, Diyarbair, Southeast Turkey, between 2000 and 2009. The cases were grouped according to the reason of referral for cytogenetic analysis. The frequencies of the different types of numerical and structural abnormalities ...
Karaoguz M Y - - 2010
Reports of abnormal karyotypes or normal 46,XY karyotypes of the abortion materials derivated from tissue cultures are mostly addressing the pregnancy loss tissues. The accuracy of the cytogenetic reports of normal 46,XX karyotypes is obscure, as the results may reflect the normal karyotyped female pregnancy losses or the hidden maternal ...
Balkan M - - 2010
We report a phenotypically normal couple with repeated spontaneous abortions and without other clinical features. Clinical, hematological, biochemical, and endocrinological aspects of the couple did not reveal any abnormalities. The karyotype of the wife was normal (46,XX), while the husband was found to have an abnormal karyotype, 47,XY,+der(22)mat. The marker ...
Schoumans Jacqueline - - 2010
Constitutional chromosomal aberrations are inborn changes with or without phenotypic consequences. Conventional chromosome analysis has been for a long time the method of choice for identification of such abnormalities. However, over the past decades, several molecular cytogenetic techniques have successfully been introduced into the genetic diagnostic laboratories to increase the ...
Suzumori N - - 2010
Aneuploidy in the conceptus or fetus, occurs in 5-10% of all pregnancies and is a common reproductive problem in humans. Most aneuploid conceptuses die in utero, resulting in early pregnancy loss. Causes of recurrent miscarriage may include abnormal chromosomes in either partner, particularly translocations, antiphospholipid antibodies and uterine anomalies. Chromosomal ...
Song Minghao - - 2010
Chromosomal abnormalities are frequent in most cervical cancers. Amplifications of both the 3q26 (TERC) and 8q24 (MYC) loci have been shown to be prevalent in both high-grade lesions and invasive cervical carcinoma. Most of these studies have looked at either the histological sample or at the entire cytological population of ...
Dod Harvinder S - - 2010
We report on a case of a 25-year-old male with 1p36 deletion syndrome, who was diagnosed with left ventricular noncompaction (LVNC). The association of this rare chromosomal abnormality with LVNC is reported in the pediatric literature, but it has not previously been specifically reported in adults. It is important to ...
Kim Ji Won - - 2010
We evaluated cytogenetic results occurring with first trimester pregnancy loss, and assessed the type and frequency of chromosomal abnormalities after assisted reproductive treatment (ART) and compared them with a control group. We also compared the rate of chromosomal abnormalities according to infertility causes in ICSI group. A retrospective cohort analysis ...
Pal S - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: This study was done to determine the prevalence of chromosomal abnormalities and the subsequent reproductive outcome in couples who had two or more miscarriages. METHODS: 56 couples with a history of at least two previous miscarriages were evaluated for prevalence and types of chromosomal abnormalities from their karyotype records. ...
D??ria Sofia - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Characterization of chromosomal abnormalities in 232 spontaneous miscarriages or foetal deaths using both classical and molecular cytogenetics. STUDY DESIGN: Chromosomal abnormalities are responsible for 40-50% of all early pregnancy losses. Conventional cytogenetics is associated with 10-40% of culture failure. Comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) is a DNA-based technique that screens ...
Hunter Matthew - - 2009
Extra structurally abnormal chromosomes (ESACs) derived from the X chromosome are rare. We report a non-mosaic ESAC derived from the X chromosome in a 3-year-old female who presented with early hypotonia, developmental delay, hypertelorism, low set ears, and small hands and feet. The breakpoints of the ESAC were mapped by ...
Warburton Dorothy - - 2009
Several studies suggest that highly skewed X chromosome inactivation (HSXI) is associated with recurrent spontaneous abortion. We hypothesized that this association reflects an increased rate of trisomic conceptions due to anomalies on the X chromosome that lead both to HSXI and to a diminished oocyte pool. We compared the distribution ...
Wang Xiaoli - - 2009
JAK2V617F occurs in approximately 93% of patients with polycythemia vera and approximately 50% of patients with either primary myelofibrosis or essential thrombocythemia. Chromosomal abnormalities are detected in 50% of patients with primary myelofibrosis, 29% with polycythemia vera, and 8% to 10% with essential thrombocythemia. The relationship between the presence of ...
Shimada Shigeki - - 2009
Cytogenetic amniocentesis (CA) has been performed as a reliable prenatal diagnostic method for decades. The aims of the present study were to reveal the frequency of fetal chromosome abnormalities according to medical indications of CA, and to assess the risks of specific abnormal ultrasound findings. Data on chromosome karyotypes of ...
Ariyoshi Kentaro - - 2009
Werner syndrome (WS) is an autosomal recessive disease characterized by premature aging and caused by mutations of the WRN gene mapped at 8p12. To examine functional complementation of WS phenotypes, we introduced a normal human chromosome 8 into a strain of WS fibroblasts (WS3RGB) immortalized by expressing a human telomerase ...
Kurahashi Hiroki - - 2009
The completion of the human genome project has enabled researchers to characterize the breakpoints for various chromosomal structural abnormalities including deletions, duplications or translocations. This in turn has shed new light on the molecular mechanisms underlying the onset of gross chromosomal rearrangements. On the other hand, advances in genetic manipulation ...
De la Fuente-Cortés Beatriz E - - 2009
Cytogenetic studies have an important role in the evaluation of couples with repeated miscarriages and poor obstetric history. To estimate the prevalence of chromosomal abnormalities and polymorphic variants in 158 couples with repeated miscarriages, a cross-sectional study was conducted in Monterrey, Mexico from 1995 to 2003. Peripheral blood lymphocytes were ...
Goud Tadakal Mallana - - 2009
Miscarriage, defined as spontaneous pregnancy loss at <20-28 weeks' gestation, is a common clinical problem. Balanced chromosomal rearrangements in either parent are an important cause of repeated pregnancy loss, particularly in the first trimester. In this study, chromosomal abnormalities that cause recurrent miscarriage were evaluated in Omani parents and some ...
Braggio Esteban E Mayo Clinic, Scottsdale, AZ 85259-5494, - - 2009
Cytogenetic analyses have been historically limited in Waldenström's macroglobulinemia (WM) by the difficulty to obtain tumor metaphases. Thus, few recurrent karyotypic abnormalities have been reported and the molecular consequences of these imbalances are largely unknown. We used an array-based comparative genomic hybridization approach to better characterize the recurrent chromosome abnormalities ...
Forabosco Antonino - - 2009
Current knowledge about the incidence of chromosomal abnormalities in the general population comes from studies in newborns carried out in the 70s, before the era of widespread prenatal diagnosis. In the following years, data on frequency of chromosomal abnormalities in the second trimester of pregnancy have been used in conjunction ...
Bobadilla-Morales L - - 2009
Chromosomal aberrations are one of the recognized possible etiologic genetic causes of recurrent spontaneous abortions. Increased chromosome instability without constitutional chromosome abnormalities is uncommon in these couples. In this work we present a non consanguineous healthy couple with recurrent abortions without constitutional chromosome aberrations in which spontaneous and induced chromosome ...
Zou Gang - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the value of short tandem repeats (microsatellites) in the study of numerical chromosomal anomalies in spontaneous abortion. METHOD: Multiplex quantitative fluorescent polymerase chain reaction (QF-PCR) was carried out on 61 spontaneous abortion samples and 48 controls using microsatellite markers from 8 chromosomes where aneuploids are commonly found. ...
Goo Moon-Jung - - 2009
A 1.5-year-old female Persian cat was presented for inappetence and azotemia. Ultrasonography and urography revealed multiple abnormalities involving the genitourinary tract, including agenesis of the right kidney and ureter. Gross examination of the abnormal uterus revealed segmental aplasia of right caudal uterine horn causing cranial distension with fluid, a normal ...
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