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Brisebarre Audrey - - 2014
Genome-wide studies have mapped several loci controlling Plasmodium falciparum mild malaria and parasitaemia, only two of them being significant at the genome level. The objective of the present study was to identify malaria resistance loci in individuals living in Burkina Faso. A genome scan that involved 314 individuals belonging to ...
Guelbeogo Wamdaogo M - - 2014
In Burkina Faso, two chromosomal forms of the malaria vector Anopheles funestus, Folonzo and Kiribina, are distinguished by contrasting frequencies of shared polymorphic chromosomal inversions. Sympatric and synchronous populations of Folonzo and Kiribina mate assortatively, as indicated by a significant deficit of heterokaryotypes, and genetic associations among inversions on independently ...
Kim Eui-Soo - - 2013
DNA markers associated with quantitative trait loci (QTL) affecting host tolerance to gastrointestinal (GI) parasite infection are ideal targets for marker-assisted selection. However, few studies in cattle have attempted to identify this type of QTL due to the difficulty of generating accurate phenotypic data from a resource population with adequate ...
Verma Garima - - 2013
The Plasmodium falciparum centromeric histone variant PfCENH3 has been shown to occupy a 4-4.5kb region on each chromosome, but the experimental demonstration of its structure-function relationship remains unexplored. By functional complementation assays, we report that the C-terminus, specifically the CATD region within the HFD of PfCENH3 is essential in centromere ...
Rona Luísa Dp - - 2013
Anopheles (Kerteszia) cruzii (Diptera: Culicidae) is a primary vector of human and simian malaria parasites in southern and southeastern Brazil. Earlier studies using chromosome inversions, isoenzymes and a number of molecular markers have suggested that An. cruzii is a species complex. In this study, a multilocus approach using six loci, ...
Hernández-Rivas Rosaura - - 2013
In recent years, many studies have focused on heterochromatin located at chromosome ends, which plays an important role in regulating gene expression in many organisms ranging from yeast to humans. Similarly, in the protozoan Plasmodium falciparum, which is the most virulent human malaria parasite, the heterochromatin present in telomeres and ...
Nwakanma Davis C DC Medical Research Council Laboratories, Banjul, The - - 2013
Understanding genetic causes and effects of speciation in sympatric populations of sexually reproducing eukaryotes is challenging, controversial, and of practical importance for controlling rapidly evolving pests and pathogens. The major African malaria vector mosquito Anopheles gambiae sensu stricto (s.s.) is considered to contain two incipient species with strong reproductive isolation, ...
Subirana Juan A - - 2013
Centromere sequences in the genome are associated with the formation of kinetochores, where spindle microtubules grow in mitosis. Centromere sequences usually have long tandem repeats (satellites). In holocentric nematodes it is not clear how kinetochores are formed during mitosis; they are distributed throughout the chromosomes. For this reason it appeared ...
Sharakhov I V - - 2013
Malaria mosquitoes often belong to complexes of sibling species, members of which are morphologically and genetically similar to each other. However, members within these complexes can vary significantly in their ecological adaptations and abilities to transmit the malaria parasite. The high degree of genetics similarity among sibling species makes the ...
Takala-Harrison Shannon S Howard Hughes Medical Institute/Center for Vaccine Development, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21201, - - 2013
The recent emergence of artemisinin-resistant Plasmodium falciparum malaria in western Cambodia could threaten prospects for malaria elimination. Identification of the genetic basis of resistance would provide tools for molecular surveillance, aiding efforts to contain resistance. Clinical trials of artesunate efficacy were conducted in Bangladesh, in northwestern Thailand near the Myanmar ...
Nanda Nutan - - 2012
Anopheles fluviatilis James, an important malaria vector in the Oriental region has been established as a complex of at least three cryptic species which vary in their biological characteristics and malaria transmission potential. The sibling species S, T and U of Fluviatilis Complex can be identified by examination of species-specific ...
Jackson Dean D University of Manchester, Faculty of Life Sciences, Michael Smith Building, Oxford Road, Manchester M13 9PT, United Kingdom. - - 2012
Here we discuss the spatio-temporal organization of replication in eubacteria and eukaryotes. Although there are significant differences in how replication is organized in cells that contain nuclei from those that do not, you will see that organization of replication in all organisms is principally dictated by the structured arrangement of ...
Fudenberg Geoffrey - - 2012
Advances in microscopy and genomic techniques have provided new insight into spatial chromatin organization inside of the nucleus. In particular, chromosome conformation capture data has highlighted the relevance of polymer physics for high-order chromatin organization. In this context, we review basic polymer states, discuss how an appropriate polymer model can ...
Bongiorni Silvia - - 2012
Calving in cattle is affected by calf morphology and by dam characteristics. It is described by two different traits: maternal calving ease, which is the ability to generate dams with good physiological predisposition to calving, and direct calving ease, which is the ability to generate calves that are easily born. ...
Kamali Maryam - - 2012
Understanding phylogenetic relationships within species complexes of disease vectors is crucial for identifying genomic changes associated with the evolution of epidemiologically important traits. However, the high degree of genetic similarity among sibling species confounds the ability to determine phylogenetic relationships using molecular markers. The goal of this study was to ...
de Souza Dziedzom K DK Parasitology Department, Noguchi Memorial Institute for Medical Research, University of Ghana, Legon-Accra, - - 2012
Lymphatic Filariasis (LF) is targeted for elimination by the Global Programme for the Elimination of Lymphatic Filariasis (GPELF). The strategy adopted is based on the density dependent phenomenon of Facilitation, which hypothesizes that in an area where the vector species transmitting Wuchereria bancrofti are Anopheles mosquitoes, it is feasible to ...
Daum John R - - 2011
Chromosome instability is thought to be a major contributor to cancer malignancy and birth defects. For balanced chromosome segregation in mitosis, kinetochores on sister chromatids bind and pull on microtubules emanating from opposite spindle poles. This tension contributes to the correction of improper kinetochore attachments and is opposed by the ...
Moore Charleen M - - 2011
Nonhuman primates have been a common animal model to evaluate experimentally induced malformations. Reports on spontaneous malformations are important in determining the background incidence of congenital anomalies in specific species and in evaluating experimental results. Here we report on a stillborn cynomolgus monkey (Macaca fascicularis) with multiple congenital anomalies from ...
Zhang Rongrong - - 2010
Adenosine diphosphate-ribosylation factors (Arfs) are a family of guanosine triphosphate-binding proteins involved in fundamental biological processes including secretion, endocytosis, phagocytosis, cytokinesis, cell adhesion and tumor cell invasion. We report here the molecular cloning, chromosome localization and expression analysis of porcine Arf1-6, of which Arf1-3 (Class I) have >93% similarity to ...
Ierardi Enzo - - 2010
Hepatocarcinogenesis is a process attributed to progressive genomic changes that alter the hepatocellular phenotype producing cellular intermediates that evolve into hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). During the preneoplastic phase, the liver is often the site of chronic hepatitis and/or cirrhosis, and these conditions induce liver regeneration with accelerated hepatocyte cycling in an ...
De Lorenzi L - - 2010
R-spondins constitute a recently discovered small family of growth factors, and the evidence of their role in several developmental pathways is growing fast. In this work we describe the chromosomal location of the four RSPO genes in the donkey. Using horse BACs, we localized RSPO1 on EAS 5q23, RSPO2 on ...
Carlsson Jens - - 2008
Microsatellite null alleles are found to a varying degree across all taxa. They are problematic as they may inflate measures of genetic differentiation and create false homozygotes. Although there are several methods for correcting allele frequencies for null alleles and enable estimations of F(ST), much less is known about how ...
Bradbury I R - - 2008
Dispersal during the early life history of the anadromous rainbow smelt, Osmerus mordax, was examined using assignment testing and mixture analysis of multilocus genotypes and otolith elemental composition. Six spawning areas and associated estuarine nurseries were sampled throughout southeastern Newfoundland. Samples of adults and juveniles isolated by > 25 km ...
Gorni C - - 2008
The suppressive subtractive hybridization technique was previously used by the authors to identify candidate genes for meat quality in pig. A set of ESTs homologous (>95%) to genes involved in muscle metabolism is reported in the present paper. Four ESTs homologous to MYH1, KALRN, MLC2V, and SNX13 genes plus two ...
Wen Miao - - 2007
In the cuticular wax of Taxus baccata needles, homologous series of very-long-chain 1,5-alkanediols and 5-hydroxyaldehydes were identified by various chemical transformations with product assignment using GC-MS. The 1,5-alkanediols had chain lengths ranging from C(28) to C(38), with strong predominance of even carbon numbers and a maximum at C(32) (29%). The ...
Peng Q-L - - 2007
Using a porcine radiation hybrid panel, we assigned the mucin 4 (MUC4) gene to SSC13q41, which harbours the enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) F4ab/ac receptor locus. In addition, we identified two SNPs in intron 17 of MUC4 (DQ124298:g.243A>G and DQ124298:g.334A>G) in the parental population of a White Duroc x Erhualian cross. ...
El-Mogharbel, N.
N. El-Mogharbel, J. Deakin, E. Tsend-Ayush, A. Pask and J.A.M. Graves
Basset P - - 2007
Individuals sampled in hybrid zones are usually analysed according to their sampling locality, morphology, behaviour or karyotype. But the increasing availability of genetic information more and more favours its use for individual sorting purposes and numerous assignment methods based on the genetic composition of individuals have been developed. The shrews ...
Hansen G R - - 2007
Several quantitative trait loci for beef carcass traits have been mapped to bovine chromosome 5. The objective of this study was to map six candidate genes for these traits by fluoresence in situ hybridization, genetic linkage analysis and radiation hybrid mapping. MYF5 and MYF6 were assigned to 5q13, WIF1 to ...
Stiglec R - - 2007
There is much interest in the gene content of the small heterochromatic W chromosome of the chicken, on the supposition that it may contain sex-determining genes. A considerable region in the chicken genome has been assigned to the W chromosome on the basis of its repetitive sequences. Using fluorescent in ...
Reuter G - - 2007
Caliciviruses closely related to human norovirus and sapovirus were recently detected in domestic pigs, causing discussions about the animal reservoir and the potential for zoonotic transmission to humans. To detect porcine caliciviruses, 17 fecal samples collected on two swine farms in southwestern Hungary were tested by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. ...
Shimogiri T - - 2006
Twenty-two and eight significant quantitative trait loci for economically important traits have been located on porcine chromosomes (SSC) 2q and SSC16 respectively, both of which have been shown to correspond to human chromosome 5 (HSA5) by chromosome painting. To provide a comprehensive comparative map for efficient selection of candidate genes, ...
Shows, Thomas B.
The structural gene (βGAL A ) coding for lysosomal β-galactosidase- A (EC 3.2.1.23) has been assigned to human chromosome 3 using man-mouse somatic cell hybrids. Human β-galactosidase-A was identified in cell hybrids with a species-specific antiserum to human liver β-galactosidase-A. The antiserum precipitates β-galactosidase-A from human tissues, cultured cells, and ...
Masuzaki Shin-ichi - - 2006
We analyzed Japanese bunching onion (Allium fistulosum L.) - shallot (Allium cepa L. Aggregatum group) alien chromosome addition lines in order to assign the genes involved in the flavonoid biosynthesis pathway to chromosomes of the shallot. Two complete sets of alien monosomic additions (2n = 2x + 1 = 17) ...
Genini S - - 2006
We report the chromosomal assignment of 18 porcine genes to human homologues using the INRA-Minnesota swine radiation hybrid panel (IMpRH). These genes (CACNA1C, COL2A1, CPNE8, C3F, C12ORF4, DDX11, GDF11, HOXC8, KCNA1, MDS028, TMEM106C, NR4A1, PHB2, PRICKLE1, Q6ZUQ4, SCN8A, TUBA8 and USP18) are located on porcine chromosome 5 (SSC5) and represent ...
Shimogiri T - - 2006
Bi- and uni-directional chromosome painting (ZOO-FISH) and gene mapping have revealed correspondences between human chromosome (HSA) 17 and porcine chromosome (SSC) 12 harboring economically important quantitative trait loci. In the present study, we have assigned 204 genes localized on HSA17 to SSC12 to generate a comprehensive comparative map between HSA17 ...
Musilova P - - 2005
Chromosomal locations of 19 horse immunity-related loci (CASP1, CD14, EIF5A, FCER1A, IFNG, IL12A, IL12B, IL12RB2, IL1A, IL23A, IL4, IL6, MMP7, MS4A2, MYD88, NOS2A, PTGS2, TFRC and TLR2) were determined by fluorescence in situ hybridization. For IFNG and PTGS2, this study is a confirmation of their previously reported position. In addition, ...
Sacks Benjamin N - - 2005
A recent region-wide study determined that the central California coyote (Canis latrans) population was genetically subdivided according to habitat bioregions, supporting the hypothesis that coyotes exhibit a dispersal bias toward their natal habitat type. Here, we further investigated this hypothesis using radio-collared coyotes captured on a 150-km(2) study site on ...
Inage-Miyake Yuko - - 2005
We have obtained a partial cDNA and three BAC clones for the porcine insulin-like growth factor binding protein 1 gene (IGFBP-1). Results of fluorescence in situ and radiation hybrid (RH) mapping assigned this gene to porcine chromosome (SSC) 18q24-qter. We found two types of polymerase chain reaction-restriction-fragment-length polymorphisms (PCR-RFLP) in ...
Bosak N - - 2005
The human chromosome (HSA)19q region has been shown to correspond to swine chromosome (SSC) 6q11-->q21 by bi-directional chromosomal painting and gene mapping. However, since the precise correspondence has not been determined, 26 genes localized in HSA19q13.3-->q13.4 were assigned to the SSC6 region mainly by radiation hybrid (RH) mapping, and additionally, ...
Wu Xiaolin - - 2005
We consider the problem of automated classification of human chromosomes or karyotyping and study discrete optimisation algorithms to solve the problem as one of joint maximum likelihood classification. We demonstrate that the auction algorithm offers a simpler and more efficient solution for chromosome karyotyping than the previously known transportation algorithm, ...
Mikawa Ayumi - - 2004
Following several criteria, we collected, clustered, and functionally categorized 653 expressed sequence tags (ESTs) of 5' ends from porcine back fat libraries from the >15,000 porcine ESTs collected to date. By searching the LocusLink and Mapviewer database, we knew the positions of these 653 ESTs on human chromosomes (HSAs). Sus ...
Lirón Juan Pedro - - 2004
DNA profiling was used as evidence to assign paternity in a dispute between two neighbors in a judicial case of undue appropriation of cattle offspring from five alleged Holstein sires. Five offspring were genotyped using ten genetic markers (nine microsatellites and the BOLA-DRB3 locus). The computer program CERVUS was used ...
Davoli R - - 2003
Myosin is one of the most important skeletal muscle proteins. It is composed of myosin heavy chains and myosin light chains that exist with different isoforms coded by different genes. We studied the porcine myosin heavy chain 2B (MYH4) and the porcine skeletal muscle myosin regulatory light chain 2 (HUMMLC2B) ...
Shinkai H - - 2003
We cloned a gene encoding the swine chemokine (C-C motif) receptor 7 (CCR7) and clarified its genomic structure and chromosomal assignment. The ORF and deduced amino-acid sequence were highly conserved with human and mouse CCR7. The swine CCR7 gene was mapped to SSC12p13-->p11 by FISH analysis. Stimulation of swine peripheral ...
Goldammer T - - 2003
The coagulation factor IX gene (F9), the hypoxanthine phosphoribosyl transferase 1 gene (HPRT1), and the X-inactive specific transcript gene (XIST) were physically assigned in cattle to analyze chromosomal breakpoints on BTAX recently identified by radiation hybrid (RH) mapping experiments. Whereas the FISH assignment of XIST indicates a similar location on ...
Hiraiwa H - - 2003
Loci affecting swine intramuscular fat content, backfat thickness, carcass weight, and daily weight gain were assigned to regions of swine chromosome (SSC) 4, which were shown to correspond to human chromosome (HSA) 1p22--> q25 by ZOO-FISH, bidirectional chromosome painting, as well as by the linkage map of genes. In order ...
Bosak N - - 2003
A comprehensive and comparative map was constructed for the porcine chromosome (SSC) 6q11-->q21 region, where the gene(s) responsible for the maldevelopment of embryos are localized using swine populations of the National Institute of Animal Industry, Japan (NIAI). Since the chromosomal region corresponds to a region of human chromosome (HSA) 19q13.1-->q13.3 ...
Middleton R - - 2003
Conserved segments have been identified by ZOO-FISH between pig chromosome 9 (SSC9) and human chromosomes 1, 7 and 11. To assist in the identification of positional candidate genes for QTL on SSC9, the comparative map was further developed. Primers were designed from porcine EST sequence homologous to genes in regions ...
Barreau Christian - - 2002
An efficient method was developed to assign cloned genes to individual chromosomes of the fungus Podospora anserina. The chromosomes were separated by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis and the DNA was isolated from the gel bands. The DNA from the isolated chromosomes was slotted onto membranes; the resulting chromoslots were used to ...
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