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Portmann Thomas T Department of Neurobiology, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305-5345, USA; School of Medicine, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305-5345, - - 2014
A deletion on human chromosome 16p11.2 is associated with autism spectrum disorders. We deleted the syntenic region on mouse chromosome 7F3. MRI and high-throughput single-cell transcriptomics revealed anatomical and cellular abnormalities, particularly in cortex and striatum of juvenile mutant mice (16p11(+/-)). We found elevated numbers of striatal medium spiny neurons ...
Di-Nizo Camilla Bruno CB Laboratório de Ecologia e Evolução, Instituto Butantan, Avenida Vital Brazil, 1500, CEP 05503-900, São Paulo, SP, - - 2014
Atlantic Forest, in the eastern coast of Brazil, is a hotspot of biodiversity of mammals, and Parque Estadual da Serra do Mar (PESM) is the largest continuous area of this biome. Here, we characterized the karyotype composition of the small mammals from Santa Virgínia, a region in the northern part ...
Nelson Andrew D L - - 2012
Telomeres ensure the complete replication of genetic material while simultaneously distinguishing the chromosome terminus from a double-strand break. A prevailing theme in telomere biology is that the two chromosome ends are symmetrical. Both terminate in a single-strand 3' extension, and the 3' extension is crucial for telomere end protection. In ...
Kazda Anita - - 2012
Single-stranded telomeric DNA protrusions are considered to be evolutionarily conserved structural elements essential for chromosome end protection. Their formation at telomeres replicated by the leading strand mechanism is thought to involve poorly understood post-replicative processing of blunt ends. Unexpectedly, we found that angiosperm plants contain blunt-ended and short (1- to ...
Furtado Larissa V - - 2012
Autosomal trisomy is the most common genetic abnormality observed in pregnancy loss. We designed a panel of mini-short tandem repeats (mini-STRs) for aneuploidy detection in chromosomes 13, 16, 18 and 21 from fresh and formalin fixed, paraffin embedded (FFPE) samples from products of conception (POC). FFPE POCs with trisomy 13 ...
Tomita Motonori - - 2012
From our analysis of repeat sequences in the rye genome, the presence of multiple restriction sites of EcoO109I (5'-PuGGNCCPy-3') across the genome has been predicted. By first using primers designed to contain EcoO109I sites in polymerase chain reaction (PCR), polymorphic DNA markers were effectively obtained. A total of 43 types ...
Ema Makoto - - 2012
The genotoxic potential of two products of multi-walled carbon nanotubes (coded as N-MWCNTs, diameter of 44nm/BET surface area of 69m(2)/g and MWNT-7, diameter of 70nm/BET surface area of 23m(2)/g) was evaluated using a battery of genotoxicity assays, comprising a bacterial reverse mutation test, an in vitro mammalian chromosomal aberration test, ...
Alduina Rosa - - 2012
Actinomycetes are an important source of biologically active compounds, like antibiotics, antitumor agents, and immunosuppressors. Genome sequencing is revealing that this class of microorganisms has larger genomes relative to other bacteria and uses a considerable fraction of its coding capacity (5-10%) for the production of mostly cryptic secondary metabolites. To ...
Goraga Z S - - 2012
A genome scan was performed to detect chromosomal regions that affect egg production traits in reciprocal crosses between two genetically and phenotypically extreme chicken lines: the partially inbred line New Hampshire (NHI) and the inbred line White Leghorn (WL77). The NHI line had been selected for high growth and WL77 ...
Sanchez M P - - 2011
An F2 cross between Duroc and Large White pigs was carried out in order to detect quantitative trait loci (QTL) for 11 meat quality traits (L*, a* and b* Minolta coordinates and water-holding capacity (WHC) of two ham muscles, ultimate pH of two ham and one loin muscles), 13 production ...
Cliffe K M - - 2010
Sequences from 20 amplicons representing nine different loci and 11369bp from the short arm of the pig Y chromosome were compared using pools of DNA from different European and Chinese breeds. A total of 33 polymorphic sites were identified, including five indels and 28 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). Three high ...
Ling Yinghui - - 2010
Y chromosome acts as a single nonrecombining unit that is male specific and in effect haploid, thus ensuring the preservation of mutational events as a single haplotype via male lines. In this study, 6 Y chromosome-specific microsatellites (SSR) were tested for the patrilineal genetic variations of 573 male samples from ...
Szil?gyi Agnes - - 2010
Conserved extended haplotypes (CEHs) are large (>or=1Mb) regions of identical DNA of the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) region of chromosome 6p in unrelated individuals. They are recognized by family studies and constitute nearly half of MHC haplotypes among European Caucasians. We studied 49 Hungarian Caucasian families in comparison with the ...
Ma Li - - 2010
Direct observation of haplotypes is still technically challenging. Here we report a method for the determination of haplotypes through chromosome microdissection. We determined human long-range chromosomal haplotypes with more than 98.85% accuracy at 24,245 genome-wide heterozygous single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) loci.
Martínez A - - 2010
Genome-wide studies have identified the chromosomal region 16p13 in the susceptibility to type 1 diabetes (T1D) and multiple sclerosis (MS). This region includes the CLEC16A/KIAA0350 gene and an adjacent gene, MHC2TA (MHC class II transactivator), previously associated with susceptibility to MS and rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The role of CLEC16A polymorphisms ...
Guzmán Luis F - - 2010
Between 1978 and 2009, we studied 1,863 Mexican Mestizo patients with clinical data compatible with a hemoglobinopathy. Of these patients, 382 had some hemoglobin (Hb) abnormality (20.5%), 128 had a sickle cell hemoglobinopathy, representing a general frequency of 6.9%, which is similar to the percentage observed in previous studies on ...
Dolgova Olga - - 2010
Behaviour has been traditionally viewed as a driver of subsequent evolution because behavioural adjustments expose organisms to novel environments, which may result in a correlated evolution on other traits. In Drosophila subobscura, thermal preference and heat tolerance are linked to chromosomal inversion polymorphisms that show parallel latitudinal clines worldwide, such ...
Medina-Acosta E - - 2010
The most common severe hereditary bleeding disorder phenotype in humans, the coagulation factor VIII (F8) deficiency haemophilia A (HEMA), maps on Xq28 band, a region that comprises 11.7% of genes and 14.2% of phenotypes on X chromosome. Information about the distribution and extent of gametic disequilibrium (GD) covering the F8 ...
Wang Minghui - - 2009
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a leading cause of vision loss in the elderly. Genetic mechanisms underlying AMD are complex. Understanding the etiology of AMD is important because of the significant health and social concerns. In this paper, we describe a forest-based approach to systematically identifying multiple genes, gene-gene interactions ...
Handyside Alan H - - 2010
The use of genome wide single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) arrays for high resolution molecular cytogenetic analysis using a combination of quantitative and genotype analysis is well established. This study demonstrates that by Mendelian analysis of the SNP genotypes of the parents and a sibling or other appropriate family member to ...
Tse Ka-Po - - 2009
Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is a multifactorial malignancy closely associated with genetic factors and Epstein-Barr virus infection. To identify the common genetic variants linked to NPC susceptibility, we conducted a genome-wide association study (GWAS) in 277 NPC patients and 285 healthy controls within the Taiwanese population, analyzing 480,365 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). ...
Serajee Fatema J - - 2009
There is significant male excess in autism. In this study, we investigated a possible Y chromosome effect by haplotype analysis. We investigated 12 single-nucleotide polymorphisms in Y-linked neuroligin 4, transducin beta-like 1, and eukaryotic translation initiation factor 1a genes in 146 autistic participants and 102 control participants of European American ...
Alders Marielle - - 2009
Idiopathic Ventricular Fibrillation (IVF) is defined as spontaneous VF without any known structural or electrical heart disease. A family history is present in up to 20% of probands with the disorder, suggesting that at least a subset of IVF is hereditary. A genome-wide haplotype-sharing analysis was performed for identification of ...
Turpeinen Hannu - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Matching for HLA genes located on chromosome 6 is required in hematopoietic stem cell transplantation to reduce the incidence of graft-versus-host disease. However, a considerable proportion of patients still suffer from it, obviously due to genetic differences outside the HLA gene region. DESIGN AND METHODS: We studied the similarity ...
Saruta Masayuki - - 2009
TNF-alpha and IL-1 have been associated with mucosal inflammation in both Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC). Innate immune defects have been associated with CD, specifically CARD15/NOD2. Recently, Toll-like receptor 8 (TLR8) signaling has been shown to enhance generation of both cytokines. Interestingly, TLR8 is located on the X ...
McGinnis R - - 2009
The aim of this study was to test chromosomes carrying the same DRB1-DQA1-DQB1 haplotype for single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) that might mark subgroups of the haplotype with different risks for type 1 diabetes (T1D). Chromosomes from T1D children, their parents and non-diabetic siblings in ...
Wang Lusheng - - 2009
BACKGROUND: With the rapid development of high-throughput genotyping technologies, efficient methods for identifying linked regions using high-density SNP genotype data have become more and more important. Recently, a deterministic method that works very well on SNP genotyping data has been developed (Lin et al. Bioinformatics 2008, 24(1): 86-93). However, that ...
Gragnoli Claudia - - 2008
Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is characterized by impaired insulin secretion, insulin insensitivity and decreased beta-cell mass. Multiple genes contribute to T2D. The chromosome 12q13.1 region is in linkage to T2D in different populations, including our Italian dataset. CHOP is a candidate gene for the linkage, as it is located in ...
Soe Ok Kar - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Pigs with defined swine leukocyte antigen (SLA) haplotypes and their detailed information are useful for transplantation and immunological studies. We developed two herds of SLA homozygous Duroc pigs with novel SLA haplotypes and characterized their reproductive potential. METHODS: For selective inbreeding, a pair of Duroc pigs was chosen as ...
Caillier Stacy J - - 2008
Genetic susceptibility to multiple sclerosis (MS) is associated with the MHC located on chromosome 6p21. This signal maps primarily to a 1-Mb region encompassing the HLA class II loci, and it segregates often with the HLA-DQB1*0602, -DQA1*0102, -DRB1*1501, -DRB5*0101 haplotype. However, the identification of the true predisposing gene or genes ...
Kawasaki E - - 2008
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: We analysed the association between humoral autoreactivity to zinc transporter-8 (ZnT8) and the SLC30A8 rs13266634 polymorphism (Arg325Trp), which is located at the most distal loop in the ZnT8 protein. METHODS: Autoantibodies to ZnT8 were determined by RIA in 270 patients with type 1 diabetes using ZnT8 carboxy-terminal constructs (amino ...
Grigoroiu-Serbanescu Maria - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Since the discovery of the tryptophan hydroxylase 2 gene (TPH2) several studies reported the association of TPH2 genetic variation with bipolar I (BPI) disorder. Our first objective was to replicate the recently described association of a rare functional single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) (rs17110563) and of a haplotype covering the ...
Enoch Mary-Anne - - 2009
The chromosome 4 cluster of GABA(A) receptor genes is predominantly expressed in the brain reward circuitry and this chromosomal region has been implicated in linkage scans for alcoholism. Variation in one chromosome 4 gene, GABRA2, has been robustly associated with alcohol use disorders (AUD) although no functional locus has been ...
Hu W - - 2008
In this work, polymorphism of human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-DRB1, -DQB1 and -DPB1 genes was detected using polymerase chain reaction-sequence-based typing method in 128 healthy unrelated volunteers from the Bai ethnic group of Yunnan province of southwest China. Among all the 28 alleles detected for the DRB1 gene, the most common ...
Fu Zhenyan - - 2008
CYP4F2 acts primarily as an enzyme that converts arachidonic acid to 20-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (20-HETE), a metabolite involved in the regulation of blood pressure in humans. The aim of the present study was to assess the association between the human CYP4F2 gene and essential hypertension (EH) using a haplotype-based case-control study ...
Köhnemann S - - 2008
We have developed a multiplex mitochondrial (mtDNA) assay of 21 coding region single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and one control region SNP outside hypervariable region 1 (HVR1) and hypervariable region 2 (HVR2) that can be amplified in a single reverse touchdown polymerase chain reaction. Single base extension using the SNaPshot technique ...
Bansal Vikas - - 2008
MOTIVATION: The goal of the haplotype assembly problem is to reconstruct the two haplotypes (chromosomes) for an individual using a mix of sequenced fragments from the two chromosomes. This problem has been shown to be computationally intractable for various optimization criteria. Polynomial time algorithms have been proposed for restricted versions ...
Agúndez José A G - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Arylamine N-acetyltransferase 2 (CoASAc; NAT2, EC 2.3.1.5) is a drug-metabolizing enzyme that displays common polymorphisms leading to impaired drug metabolism and adverse drug effects. Determination of the N-acetyltransferase 2 (arylamine N-acetyltransferase) (NAT2) genotype in clinical practice is hampered by the occurrence of ambiguous haplotype combinations that may lead to ...
Tazi-Ahnini R - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Vitiligo is an autoimmune disorder that occurs with greatly increased frequency in the rare recessive autoimmune polyendocrinopathy-candidiasis-ectodermal dystrophy syndrome (APECED) caused by mutations of the autoimmune regulator (AIRE) gene on chromosome 21q22.3. We have previously detected an association between alopecia areata and single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the AIRE ...
Turner Stephen T - - 2008
We conducted a genome-wide association study to identify novel genes influencing diastolic blood pressure (BP) response to hydrochlorothiazide, a commonly prescribed thiazide diuretic preferred for the treatment of high BP. Affymetrix GeneChip Human Mapping 100K Arrays were used to measure single nucleotide polymorphisms across the 22 autosomes in 194 non-Hispanic ...
Barcellos L F LF Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720-7356, USA. - - 2008
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic inflammatory disorder of the central nervous system with a strong genetic component. Variation in the major histocompatibility complex on chromosome 6p21, specifically the HLA-DRB1*15 haplotype, is the strongest genetic factor for MS, yet it is estimated to account for only a portion of risk ...
Ando Asako - - 2008
Our aim was to investigate microsatellite (MS) diversity and find crossover regions at 42 polymorphic MS loci in the swine leukocyte antigen (SLA) genomic region of 72 pigs with different well-defined homozygous and heterozygous SLA haplotypes. We analyzed the genetic polymorphisms of 42 MS markers in 23 SLA homozygous-heterozygous, common ...
Sookoian Silvia - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Altering circadian rhythmicity results in pathophysiologic changes resembling metabolic syndrome and fat accumulation. OBJECTIVE: We investigated the role of gene variants and derived haplotypes of the CLOCK transcription factor in obesity and related quantitative metabolic traits. DESIGN: Lean (n = 715) and overweight or obese (n = 391) unrelated ...
Rezaieyazdi Zahra - - 2008
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disease in which polymorphisms within the human leukocyte antigen (HLA) region have been associated to its etiology. We conducted this study to compare the HLA-DQB1 allelic sequence variation among SLE patients and controls in the northeast of Iran. Genomic DNA of 40 SLE ...
Gayden Tenzin - - 2008
We describe the application of allele-specific PCR (AS-PCR) for screening biallelic markers, including SNPs, within the nonrecombining region of the human Y-chromosome (NRY). The AS-PCR method is based on the concept that the perfectly annealed primer-template complex is more stable, and therefore, more efficiently amplified under the appropriate annealing temperature ...
Garmany Tami H - - 2008
The prevalence of the common mutations in the surfactant protein-B (121ins2), surfactant protein-C (I73T), and ATP-binding cassette member A3 (E292V) genes in population-based or case-control cohorts of newborn respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) is unknown. We determined the frequencies of these mutations in ethnically diverse population and disease-based cohorts using restriction ...
Wang Wenjun - - 2008
Insulin-like growth factor binding protein-2 is a member of the insulin-like growth factor families. Using a porcine RH panel, the gene was mapped on chromosome 15q22-23. Meanwhile, using polymerase chain reaction single strand conformation polymorphism, genotypic and allelic frequencies were analyzed in 17 pig breeds (total animals 570), together with ...
Lin Jane-Ming - - 2008
PURPOSE: To investigate vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) gene polymorphisms in unrelated Taiwan Chinese patients with late age-related macular degeneration (AMD) and controls. DESIGN: Retrospective case-control study. METHODS: We enrolled 190 late AMD patients and 180 age-matched and gender-matched controls. Late AMD was classified as either dry (atrophic; grade 4) ...
Mehlotra Rajeev K - - 2008
Mutations in the chloroquine resistance (CQR) transporter gene of Plasmodium falciparum (Pfcrt; chromosome 7) play a key role in CQR, while mutations in the multidrug resistance gene (Pfmdr1; chromosome 5) play a significant role in the parasite's resistance to a variety of antimalarials and also modulate CQR. To compare patterns ...
Zhang Xingguo - - 2008
Brassica napus (AACC, 2n = 38) is a self-compatible amphidiploid plant that arose from the interspecies hybridization of two self-incompatible species, B. rapa (AA, 2n = 20) and B. oleracea (CC, 2n = 18). Self-incompatibility (S) haplotypes in one self-incompatible line and 124 cultivated B. napus lines were detected using ...
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