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Farkas András A a Agricultural Institute, Centre for Agricultural Research, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Brunszvik u. 2, H-2462 Martonvásár, - - 2014
3M(b) Triticum aestivum L. (Mv9kr1) - Aegilops biuncialis Vis. (MvGB642) addition lines were crossed with the Chinese Spring ph1b mutant genotype (CSph1b) to produce 3M(b)-wheat chromosome rearrangements. In the F3 generation, 3M(b)(4B) substitution lines and 3M(b).4BS centric fusions were identified with in situ hybridization using repetitive and genomic DNA probes, ...
Smyk Marta - - 2013
Evolutionarily conserved transcription factor SOX9 is essential for the differentiation of chondrocytes and the development of testes. Heterozygous point mutations and genomic deletions involving SOX9 lead to campomelic dysplasia (CD), a skeletal malformation syndrome often associated with sex reversal. Chromosomal rearrangements with breakpoints mapping up to 1.6 Mb up- and downstream ...
Abe Tadashi T Soil Environment Division, National Institute for Agro-Environmental Sciences , 3-1-3 Kannondai, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8604 , - - 2013
To advance the identification of quantitative trait loci (QTLs) to reduce Cd content in rice (Oryza sativa L.) grains and breed low-Cd cultivars, we developed a novel population consisting of 46 chromosome segment substitution lines (CSSLs) in which donor segments of LAC23, a cultivar reported to have a low grain ...
Shi He Ping - - 2013
Effects of cadmium (Cd) alone and in combination with calcium on mitosis and chromosomal aberration in the hairy root tips of Wedelia trilobata were investigated. The results showed that Cd concentrations below 50 μmol/L had a lesser or even a promoting effect on the mitotic index (MI) and the rate of ...
Evans David M - - 2013
Genetic variation affecting absorption, distribution or excretion of essential trace elements may lead to health effects related to sub-clinical deficiency. We have tested for allelic effects of single-nucleotide polymorphisms on blood copper, selenium and zinc in a genome-wide association study using two adult cohorts from Australia and the United Kingdom. ...
Afshar Negar - - 2013
A newly identified human locus on chromosome 15 was recently associated with zinc accumulation. Based on a prior report of a threefold difference in zinc accumulation between fumble(1) heterozygous mutants and control fly strains, it was suggested that phosphopantothenoylcysteine decarboxylase might affect zinc status through its effects on vitamin B5 ...
Michailova Paraskeva P Institute of Biodiversity and Ecosystem Research, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 1 Tzar Osvoboditel boulv., 1000 Sofia, Bulgaria; Email: - - 2013
The paper describes larval, pupal and adult morphology as well as the karyotype of Chironomus polonicus sp. n. from southern Poland. The material has been obtained from reared egg masses collected in Bolesław pool, near Kraków. The species belongs to the pseudothummi cytocomplex with 2n = 8 and chromosome arm combinations AE, ...
Popken J - - 2012
Three-dimensional (3-D) super-resolution fluorescence microscopy has allowed major progress in studies of the functional nuclear organization (Markaki et al. 2010 Cold Spring Harb. Symp. Quant. Biol. 75, 475-492; Markaki et al. 2012 Bioessays 34, 412-426). We have exploited these new possibilities to explore nuclear organization at different stages of bovine ...
Lattanzi Wanda - - 2012
Non syndromic craniosynostoses are the most frequent craniofacial malformations worldwide. They represent a wide and heterogeneous group of entities, in which the dysmorphism may occur in a single (simple forms) or in multiple sutures (complex forms). Simple forms present a higher birth prevalence and are classified according to the involved ...
Spehalski Elizabeth - - 2012
Many tumors are characterized by recurrent translocations between a tissue-specific gene and a proto-oncogene. The juxtaposition of the Ig heavy chain gene and Myc in Burkitt's lymphoma and in murine plasmacytoma is a classic example. Regulatory elements within the heavy chain constant region locus are required for Myc translocation and/or ...
Al-Achkar Walid - - 2012
The Philadelphia (Ph) chromosome is present in more than 90% of patients suffering from chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). It is the product of a reciprocal translocation between the long arms of chromosomes 9 and 22, resulting in the transfer of the 3' portion of the proto-oncogene ABL from 9q34 to ...
Martis Mihaela Maria - - 2012
Supernumerary B chromosomes are optional additions to the basic set of A chromosomes, and occur in all eukaryotic groups. They differ from the basic complement in morphology, pairing behavior, and inheritance and are not required for normal growth and development. The current view is that B chromosomes are parasitic elements ...
Braoudaki Maria - - 2012
Pediatric acute leukemias are generally characterized by recurrent numerical and structural chromosomal abnormalities, which are thought to be specifically associated with diagnosis and prognosis of both childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and acute myeloid leukemia (AML). The identification of those chromosomal aberrations is clinically important because they are considered significant ...
Rao Kiran Prabhaker - - 2012
Marker chromosomes are a morphologically heterogeneous group of structurally abnormal chromosomes that pose a significant challenge in prenatal diagnosis. Phenotypes associated with marker chromosomes are highly variable and range from normal to severely abnormal. Clinical outcomes are very difficult to predict when marker chromosomes are detected prenatally. In this review, ...
Bercot Béatrice - - 2012
Minibacterium massiliensis strain CIP107820 is a recently discovered waterborne Gram-negative rod isolated from hospital water samples. It harbors a chromosomally located gene encoding an Ambler class A extended-spectrum β-lactamase termed MIN-1, sharing 56%, 54%, and 51% amino acid identities with β-lactamases LUT-1, KPC-2, and CTX-M-2, respectively. β-Lactamase MIN-1 hydrolyzes penicillins, ...
Fungtammasan Arkarachai - - 2012
Chromosomal common fragile sites (CFSs) are unstable genomic regions that break under replication stress and are involved in structural variation. They frequently are sites of chromosomal rearrangements in cancer and of viral integration. However, CFSs are undercharacterized at the molecular level and thus difficult to predict computationally. Newly available genome-wide ...
Vundinti Babu Rao - - 2012
Small supernumerary marker chromosomes (sSMCs) are a heterogeneous group with regards to their clinical effects as well as their chromosomal origin and their shape. The sSMCs are associated with mental retardation and dysmorphic features. Multiple sSMCs are rarely reported. We report four sSMCs in a case of dysmorphic features and ...
McGaugh Suzanne E - - 2012
Chromosomal inversions impact genetic variation and facilitate speciation in part by reducing recombination in heterokaryotypes. We generated multiple whole-genome shotgun sequences of the parapatric species pair Drosophila pseudoobscura and Drosophila persimilis and their sympatric outgroup (Drosophila miranda) and compared the average pairwise differences for neutral sites within, just outside and ...
Bullinger Lars - - 2012
Conventional cytogenetic studies have shown that the clinical and biological diversity of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) can be attributed, in part, to distinct chromosome aberrations, several of which are now routinely used for diagnosis, risk stratification, and outcome prediction. Although chromosome banding analysis has recently been complemented by the identification ...
Béné Marie C - - 2012
The 2008 edition of the WHO Classification of Tumors of Haematopoietic and Lymphoid Tissues recognizes a special category called "leukemias of ambiguous lineage." The vast majority of these rare leukemias are classified as mixed phenotype acute leukemia (MPAL), although acute undifferentiated leukemias and natural killer lymphoblastic leukemias are also included. ...
Swierczek Sabina I - - 2012
Clonality can be established by a lack of mosaicism in a female because of random inactivation of either the maternal or paternal X chromosome early in embryogenesis. The methylation status of CpG sites close to the trinucleotide repeats in exon 1 of the human androgen receptor (AR) X chromosome gene ...
Meneely Philip M - - 2012
Mutations in the him-5 gene in Caenorhabditis elegans strongly reduce the frequency of crossovers on the X chromosome, with lesser effects on the autosomes. him-5 mutants also show a change in crossover distribution on both the X and autosomes. These phenotypes are accompanied by a delayed entry into pachytene and ...
Poletto Andreia B - - 2012
ABSTRACT: After the publication of our work [1], we detected that the species focus of the study, Astatotilapia latifasciata (Figure 1), was erroneously identified as Haplochromis obliquidens. This species was described as Haplochromis latifasciatus [2] and later ascribed to the genus Astatotilapia [3]. Our mistake comes from the fact that ...
Poletto Andreia B - - 2012
ABSTRACT: After the publication of our work [1], we detected that one of the species analyzed in the study, Astatotilapia latifasciata (Figure 1), was erroneously identified as Haplochromis obliquidens. This species was described as Haplochromis latifasciatus [2] and later ascribed to the genus Astatotilapia [3]. Our mistake comes from the ...
Vu Hoa Q - - 2012
To produce alien monosomic addition lines (AMALs) of Allium cepa (genomes CC, 2n = 2x = 16) carrying extrachromosomes from Allium roylei (RR, 2n = 2x = 16), reciprocal backcrossing of allotriploids (2n = 24, CCR) with diploids (2n = 16, CC) and selfing of a single allotriploid were carried out. The chromosome numbers in the BC(2)F(1) and BC(1)F(2) progenies ranged from ...
Lagisz M - - 2012
Acoustic signals often have a significant role in pair formation and in species recognition. Determining the genetic basis of signal divergence will help to understand signal evolution by sexual selection and its role in the speciation process. An earlier study investigated quantitative trait locus for male courtship song carrier frequency ...
Badenhorst D - - 2012
We report on the construction of a comparative chromosome map between the emblematic laboratory rat, Rattus norvegicus (RNO), and Delacour's Marmoset rat, Hapalomys delacouri (HDE), based on cross-species fluorescence in situ hybridization with R. norvegicus painting probes. Sixteen R. norvegicus chromosomes (RNO 3-6, 8, 10-15, 17-20, and X) were retained ...
Marques André - - 2012
B chromosomes (Bs) are dispensable elements which occur in many species including rye (Secale cereale). We determined the organization of B variants to obtain insights into the origin of B polymorphisms in rye. The observed B variants were classified according to their morphology and in situ hybridization patterns with ...
Macneill Stuart - - 2012
High-fidelity chromosomal DNA replication is vital for maintaining the integrity of the genetic material in all forms of cellular life. In eukaryotic cells, around 40-50 distinct conserved polypeptides are essential for chromosome replication, the majority of which are themselves component parts of a series of elaborate molecular machines that comprise ...
Knapp Paweł - - 2012
Uterine fibroids are the most common benign tumor of the female genital tract. Their epidemiology is probably highly underestimated because a high percentage of them are in the asymptomatic stage. The etiology of fibroids and their biology are still poorly understood, although steroid ovarian hormones, both estrogen and progestins, have ...
Considine Michael J - - 2012
Polyploidization results in genome duplication and is an important step in evolution and speciation. The Malus genome confirmed that this genus was derived through auto-polyploidization, yet the genetic and meiotic mechanisms for polyploidization, particularly for aneuploidization, are unclear in this genus or other woody perennials. In fact the contribution of ...
Golygina Veronika V VV Institute of Cytology and Genetics SB RAS, Prosp. akademika Lavrentieva 10, Novosibirsk 630090, Russia ; Novosibirsk State University, ul. Pirogova, 2, Novosibirsk, 630090, - - 2012
A revision of the main and alternative banding sequences in chromosome II (CD) has been made for all 14 species of the Chironomus plumosus (Linnaeus, 1758)group. A new version of mapping has been suggested for 10 out of 18 banding sequences of arm C and 12 out of 22 banding ...
Cusimano Natalie - - 2012
For 84 years, botanists have relied on calculating the highest common factor for series of haploid chromosome numbers to arrive at a so-called basic number, x. This was done without consistent (reproducible) reference to species relationships and frequencies of different numbers in a clade. Likelihood models that treat polyploidy, chromosome ...
Ocampo Gilberto - - 2011
Portulaca is the only genus in Portulacaceae and has ca. 100 species distributed worldwide, mainly in the tropics and subtropics. Molecular data place the genus as one of the closest relatives of Cactaceae, but phylogenetic relationships within Portulaca are barely known. This study samples 59 species of Portulaca, 10 infraspecific ...
Nunes Miriam C S - - 2011
Fourier transforms and their associated power spectra are used for detecting periodicities and protein-coding genes and is generally regarded as a well established technique. Many of the periodicities which have been found with this method are quite well understood such as the periodicity of 3 nt which is associated to ...
Sahara Ken - - 2011
Lepidoptera, i.e. moths and butterflies, have a female heterogametic sex chromosome system, with most females having a WZ constitution while males are ZZ. Besides this predominant WZ/ZZ system, Z/ZZ, WZ(1)Z(2)/Z(1)Z(1)Z(2)Z(2) and W(1)W(2)Z/ZZ systems also occur. Sex is determined by an unknown W-linked gene or genes in Bombyx mori, but by ...
Mlinarec J - - 2011
The ancestry, phylogenetic differentiation and systematic classification of the worldwide-distributed genus Anemone have been debated for many years. In this paper 11 Anemone, three Pulsatilla species and Hepatica nobilis were subjected to detailed karyotype analysis with the aim of obtaining new cytogenetic data that will contribute to karyotype evolutionary studies ...
Borodin Pavel M - - 2011
In many eutherian mammals, X-Y chromosome pairing and recombination is required for meiotic progression and correct sex chromosome disjunction. Arvicoline rodents present a notable exception to this meiotic rule, with multiple species possessing asynaptic sex chromosomes. Most asynaptic vole species belong to the genus Microtus sensu lato. However, many of ...
Yannic Glenn - - 2011
To elucidate the evolutionary history of snow voles, genus Chionomys, we studied the phylogeography of Chionomysnivalis across its range and investigated its relationships with two congeneric species, Chionomysgud and Chionomysroberti, using independent molecular markers. Analyses were based on mitochondrial (∼940bp cyt b) and Y-chromosomal (∼2020bp from three introns) genetic variation. ...
Loughlin Rose - - 2011
Bipolar spindles must separate chromosomes by the appropriate distance during cell division, but mechanisms determining spindle length are poorly understood. Based on a 2D model of meiotic spindle assembly, we predicted that higher localized microtubule (MT) depolymerization rates could generate the shorter spindles observed in egg extracts of X. tropicalis ...
Laborda P R - - 2011
The classic approach to gene discovery relies on the construction of linkage maps. We report the first molecular-based linkage map for Drosophila mediopunctata, a neotropical species of the tripunctata group. Eight hundred F(2) individuals were genotyped at 49 microsatellite loci, resulting in a map that is ≈450 centimorgans long. Five ...
Takehana Yusuke - - 2011
Among the medaka fishes of the genus Oryzias, most species have homomorphic sex chromosomes, while some species, such as Oryzias hubbsi and Oryzias javanicus, have heteromorphic ZW sex chromosomes. In this study, a novel family of repetitive sequence was molecularly cloned from O. hubbsi and characterized by chromosome in situ ...
Gordon Jonathan L - - 2011
We investigate yeast sex chromosome evolution by comparing genome sequences from 16 species in the family Saccharomycetaceae, including data from genera Tetrapisispora, Kazachstania, Naumovozyma, and Torulaspora. We show that although most yeast species contain a mating-type (MAT) locus and silent HML and HMR loci structurally analogous to those of Saccharomyces ...
Nielen Stephan - - 2011
Cultivated peanut is an allotetraploid with an AB-genome. In order to learn more of the genomic structure of peanut, we characterized and studied the evolution of a retrotransposon originally isolated from a resistance gene analog (RGA)-containing bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC) clone. It is a moderate copy number Ty1-copia retrotransposon from ...
Woo Seon Rang - - 2011
During genotoxic stress, reactive oxygen species hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)) is a prime mediator of the DNA damage response. Telomeres function both to assist in DNA damage repair and to inhibit chromosomal end-to-end fusion. Here, we show that telomere dysfunction renders cells susceptible to H(2)O(2), via generation of multichromosomal fusion and ...
Giannoulis T - - 2011
A dual cytogenetic and molecular analysis was performed in four species of Cyclocepala (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Dynastinae) from Lesser Antilles (Martinique, Dominica and Guadeloupe). Two species/sub-species, C. mafaffa grandis and C. insulicola, are endemic to Guadeloupe. They have their own non-polymorphic karyotype and a fairly homogeneous haplotype of the COI gene. ...
Prange Anika Nadja Sabine - - 2011
By applying polyethylene glycol (PEG)-mediated protoplast fusion, the first somatic hybrids were obtained between Cyclamen persicum (2n = 2x = 48) and C. coum (2n = 2x = 30)-two species that cannot be combined by cross breeding. Heterofusion was detected by double fluorescent staining with fluorescein diacetate and scopoletin. The highest heterofusion frequencies (of about 5%) resulted from ...
Mendes M M - - 2011
A large number of genera in the tropical fish family Characidae are incertae sedis. Cytogenetic analysis was made of four of these species: Astyanax eigenmanniorum, Deuterodon stigmaturus, Hyphessobrycon luetkenii, and H. anisitsi, collected from various hydrographic basins: hydrographic system from Laguna dos Patos/RS, Tramandaí basin/RS and Tibagi River basin/PR. The ...
Lanzone C - - 2011
Salinomys delicatus is considered a rare species due to its restricted and patchy distribution, poor records and low abundances. It is also the phyllotine with the lowest known diploid chromosome number (2n = 18), however its sex chromosome system has never been described. Here, we studied the chromosomes of six females and ...
Amaro Renata Cecília - - 2011
Climatic refugia predict genetic diversity in lowland endemics of the Brazilian Atlantic rainforest. Yet, available data reveal distinct biological responses to the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM) conditions across species of different altitudinal ranges. We show that species occupying Brazil's montane forests were significantly less affected by LGM conditions relative to ...
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