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Results 201 - 250 of 530
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Muramatsu Y - - 2001
Chromosomal mapping of the bovine calmodulin 1 and alpha-globin 1 genes was performed by analyzing bovine/murine somatic cell hybrid DNAs with PCR using primers specific for 3'-untranslated regions of those bovine genes. The calmodulin 1 and alpha-globin 1 genes were assigned to bovine chromosomes 25 and 29, respectively. Results from ...
Williamson A K - - 2001
The composition of cartilage is known to change during fetal and postnatal development. The objectives of this study were to characterize the compressive biomechanical properties of the 1 mm thick articular layer of cartilage of the distal femur from third-trimester bovine fetuses, from 1 to 3 week old bovine calf ...
McShane R D - - 2001
Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) analyses were used to order 16 bacterial artificial chromosomes (BAC) clones containing loci from the bovine lymphocyte antigen (BoLA) class I and III regions of bovine chromosome 23 (BTA23). Fourteen of these BACs were assigned to chromosomal band locations of mitotic and pachytene chromosomes by ...
Arranz J J - - 2001
Genetic variability at 18 microsatellites was analysed on the basis of individual genotypes in five Spanish breeds of sheep--Churra, Latxa, Castellana, Rasa-Aragonesa and Merino--with Awassi also being studied as a reference breed. The degree of population subdivision calculated between Spanish breeds from F(ST) diversity indices was around 7% of total ...
Frönicke L - - 2001
Human and sheep chromosome-specific probes were used to construct comparative painting maps between the pig (Suiformes), cattle and sheep (Bovidae), and humans. Various yet unknown translocations were observed that would assist in a more complete reconstruction of homology maps of these species. The number of homologous segments that can be ...
Ambady S - - 2001
A chromosome-specific library was developed for Bos taurus autosome 11 by chromosome microdissection and microcloning using a bovine primary fibroblast culture, obtained from a t(X;23) heifer, that spontaneously developed a translocation chromosome involving bovine chromosome 11. The library was screened using (AC)12 oligos, positive clones selected, sequenced and primers developed ...
el-Ghoul W - - 2001
The study was carried out on a single herd of 500 Holstein breed dairy cattle. Only 50 dairy cows (10%) were found to be suffering from focal ulcerative and papillomatous digital dermatitis of the pastern region. The cows were subjected to clinical and histopathological examinations. Early ulcerative stage was seen ...
Duffy D L - - 2001
The tendency to dizygotic (DZ) twinning is inherited in both humans and sheep, and a fecundity gene in sheep (FecB) maps to sheep chromosome 6, syntenic with human 4q21-25. Our aim was to see whether a gene predisposing to human DZ twinning mapped to this region. DNA was collected from ...
Moore S S - - 2001
The pseudoautosomal region (PAR) of bovine chromosome X (BTA X) has a particularly low representation of genes and markers, making comparative gene mapping in this region difficult. We describe the localization of three genes, colony-stimulating factor 2 receptor alpha (CSF2RA), ADP/ATP translocase 3 (ANT3) and steroid sulphatase (STS) on PAR ...
Ward T J - - 2001
Historical hybridization between Bison bison (bison) and Bos taurus (cattle) has been well documented and resulted in cattle mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) introgression, previously identified in six different bison populations. In order to examine Y chromosome introgression, a microsatellite marker (BYM-1) with non-overlapping allele size distributions in bison and cattle was ...
Shay T L - - 2001
The callipyge (CLPG) gene was fine-mapped by linkage analysis to a 4.6-cM chromosome interval on distal ovine OAR18q, flanked by microsatellite markers IDVGA30 and OY3. The OAR18q linkage map and human HSA14q transcript map were aligned by genotyping two bovine-hamster whole-genome radiation hybrid panels with the microsatellite markers, as well ...
Iannuzzi L - - 2001
Forty autosomal type I loci earlier mapped in goat were comparatively FISH mapped on river buffalo (BBU) and sheep (OAR) chromosomes, noticeably extending the physical map in these two economically important bovids. All loci map on homoeologous chromosomes and chromosome bands, with the exception of COL9A1 mapping on BBU10 (homoeologous ...
Tammen I - - 2001
In 1997, neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis (NCL) was identified for the first time in Merino sheep in Australia. A homozygosity mapping approach localized the disease gene in Merino sheep to the same region on chromosome 7 in which NCL was recently mapped in South Hampshire sheep. This region shows conserved synteny ...
Bonnet A - - 2001
R-banded chromosomes of Vietnamese sika (VS) deer (Cervus nippon pseudaxis, 2N = 66), a threatened subspecies of sika deer endemic to Vietnam, are presented for the first time and were compared with bovine R-banded chromosomes to define a standard karyotype. Nineteen VS deer autosomes (CNP) were identified on the basis ...
Gautier M - - 2001
A comparative mapping approach was applied in order to refine the extent and the distribution of conserved segments between human chromosome 11 (HSA11) and cattle chromosomes 15 and 29 (BTA15 and BTA29 respectively). Eight genes from HSA11 were mapped using a bovine-hamster somatic cell hybrid panel and seven represent new ...
SÅ‚ota E - - 2001
Karyotypes of the aoudad and sheep were compared on the basis of G-banded chromosomes at the 450 band level. The common G-banded karyotype showed the homology of all aoudad chromosomes (2n=58) with sheep chromosomes (2n=54) or sheep chromosome arms. The results of cytogenetic investigations suggest that in this case karyotype ...
Gautier M - - 2001
A comparative mapping approach was applied in order to refine the extent and the distribution of conserved segments between the long arm of human chromosome 10 (HSA10) and cattle chromosomes 26 and 28 (BTA26 and BTA28 respectively). Sixteen genes localised on the long arm of HSA10 were mapped using a ...
Fransen C T - - 2000
CP-MAS NMR spectroscopy was used to identify soybean cellulose and pectin extracts and to investigate the kinetics of cross polarization. The in vitro incubation of cellulose and pectin, extracted from soya hull and endosperm, respectively, with sheep rumen fluid was followed with this technique. The difference in enzymatic degradability between ...
Sonstegard T S - - 2000
Quantitative trait loci (QTL) associated with fat deposition have been identified on bovine Chromosome 27 (BTA27) in two different cattle populations. To generate more informative markers for verification and refinement of these QTL-containing intervals, we initiated construction of a BTA27 comparative map. Fourteen genes were selected for mapping based on ...
Rexroad C E CE - - 2000
We have constructed a 12,000 rad bovine whole-genome radiation hybrid panel (BovR12) to complement the 5000 rad panel (BovR5) currently available to the bovine genomics research community. Initial characterization with markers from chromosome 1 reveals a higher frequency of breakage between adjacent markers and subsequently a larger number of 'linkage' ...
Watanabe T - - 2000
Defective xanthine dehydrogenase (XDH) activity in humans results in xanthinuria and xanthine calculus accumulation in kidneys. Bovine xanthinuria was demonstrated in a local herd and characterized as xanthinuria type II, similar to the Drosophila ma-l mutations, which lose activities of molybdoenzymes, XDH, and aldehyde oxidase, although sulfite oxidase activity is ...
Galloway S M - - 2000
Multiple ovulations are uncommon in humans, cattle and many breeds of sheep. Pituitary gonadotrophins and as yet unidentified ovarian factors precisely regulate follicular development so that, normally, only one follicle is selected to ovulate. The Inverdale (FecXI) sheep, however, carries a naturally occurring X-linked mutation that causes increased ovulation rate ...
Tabet-Aoul K - - 2000
In order to simultaneously integrate linkage and syntenic groups to the ovine chromosomal map, a sheep bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC) library was screened with previously assigned microsatellites using a sheep-hamster hybrid panel and genetic linkage. Thirty-three BACs were obtained, fluorescently labelled and hybridised on sheep-goat hybrid metaphases (2n = 57). ...
Letshwenyo M - - 2000
In Botswana it is common practice to rear goats (Capara hircus) and sheep (Ovis aries) together in one kraal. Under such conditions it is also not uncommon to see the two species mating, but such matings have never been reported to produce a viable offspring. In this field observation a ...
Watson P R - - 2000
Mutation of waaN, a gene involved in lipid A biosynthesis, reduced enteropathogenic responses induced by Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium in bovine ligated ileal loops. However, the secretion of key virulence determinants was also reduced, and therefore the reduction in enteropathogenicity cannot be solely attributed to a reduction in biological activity ...
Lagziel A - - 2000
Information is presented on the frequency of the Msp I (-) allele in the third intron of the bovine growth hormone gene in a large number of cattle breeds. Consideration of the breed frequencies in relation to their geographic origin shows a low frequency for breeds originating in Northern Europe, ...
Gu Z - - 2000
The objective of this project was to integrate the currently available linkage maps for bovine chromosome 7 (BTA7) by combining data sets from eight research groups. A total of 54 unique markers were typed in eight pedigrees. Multilocus linkage analysis with CRI-MAP produced a bovine chromosome 7 consensus framework map ...
Ohba Y - - 2000
Renal tubular dysplasia is a hereditary disease of Japanese black cattle showing renal failure and growth retardation with an autosomal recessive trait. In the present study, we mapped the locus responsible for the disease (RTD) by linkage analysis with an inbred paternal half-sib pedigree obtained from commercial herds. By analyzing ...
Aasland M - - 2000
The casein kinase II alpha' gene (CSNK2A2), which physically maps to human chromosome 16 (HSA16), has previously been mapped to bovine chromosome 5 (BTA5). Based on these results, a new segment of homology between the human and bovine genomes was suggested. In this paper we demonstrate linkage between CSNK2A2 and ...
Kunieda T - - 2000
Chediak-Higashi syndrome in Japanese black cattle is a hereditary disease with prolonged bleeding time and partial albinism. In the present study, we mapped the locus responsible for the disease (CHS) by linkage analysis using microsatellite genotypes of paternal half-sib pedigrees obtained from commercial herds. Analysis revealed significant linkage between the ...
Kobayashi N - - 2000
Chronic interstitial nephritis with diffuse zonal fibrosis (CINF) occurs in Japanese Black cattle (Wagyu) as an autosomal recessive disorder leading to death prior to puberty, first six months or a year of life. We performed a genome-wide scan using microsatellite markers in a Wagyu pedigree segregating for CINF and mapped ...
Edwards C J - - 2000
At least five dinucleotide (CA)n microsatellite repeat arrays have been assigned to the bovine Y-chromosome, with one marker (INRA124) shown to be polymorphic. We describe here the assessment of a panel of four Y-specific microsatellite markers for polymorphism in a range of cattle and related species. It was possible to ...
Bunch T D - - 2000
A male dwarf blue sheep was collected 60 km south of Batang east to the Jinsha Jiang river, and a male Subei blue sheep (Greater form) was collected from Gansu, China, representing two geographically separated blue sheep forms. Chromosome preparations were prepared from fibroblast cultures. The dwarf blue sheep has ...
Yamakuchi H - - 2000
Chediak-Higashi Syndrome (CHS) is an autosomal recessive disorder that affects several species including mice, humans, and cattle. Evidence based on clinical characteristics and somatic cell genetics suggests that mutations in a common gene cause CHS in the three species. The CHS locus on human chromosome 1 and mouse chromosome 13 ...
Hayes H - - 2000
A series of 31 marker genes (one per chromosome) were localized precisely to both Q- and R-banded bovine chromosomes by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), as a contribution to the revised chromosome nomenclature of the three major domestic bovidae (cattle, sheep and goat). All marker genes except one (LDHA) are ...
Iannuzzi L - - 2000
Comparative FISH mapping of river buffalo (Bubalus bubalis, BBU), sheep (Ovis aries, OAR), and cattle (Bos taurus, BTA) X chromosomes revealed homologies and divergences between the X chromosomes in the subfamilies Bovinae and Caprinae. Twenty-four and 17 loci were assigned for the first time to BBU X and OAR X, ...
Tabet-Aoul K - - 2000
The regional characterization of a previously obtained hamster-sheep hybrid panel is reported. Using data available from ruminant maps (sheep, cattle, and goat), we have selected a set of 300 markers and have analyzed them by PCR in this hybrid panel. Results obtained for 204 markers show the presence of all ...
Di Meo G P - - 2000
Thirteen goat BAC clones containing coding sequences from HSA7, HSA12q, HSA4 and HSA6p were fluorescence in situ mapped to river buffalo (Bubalus bubalis, BBU) and sheep (Ovis aries, OAR) R-banded chromosomes. The following type I loci were mapped: BCP to BBU8q32 and OAR4q32, CLCN1 to BBU8q34 and OAR4q34, IGFBP3 to ...
Luikart G - - 1999
Two multiplex systems, each containing 11 microsatellite loci, were developed for semiautomated parentage testing in goats. Eight of the loci originate from goats, nine from cattle and five from sheep. Eighteen of the loci have been mapped to 16 different autosomes (in goats and cattle). Parentage exclusion probabilities were computed ...
Chen C M - - 1999
A sensitive technique for the sexing of bovine embryos was developed using polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplification of the bovine amelogenin (bAML) gene on the X- and Y-chromosomes of Holstein dairy cattle. Cloning and DNA sequencing showed a 45.1% homology between the fifth intron of the bAML-X and bAML-Y gene ...
Gallagher D S DS - - 1999
A 240-day-gestation female bovine fetus with severe anasarca, palatoschisis, cheiloschisis, mild cranioschisis, and a flattened facies was collected at a slaughterhouse, and a fibroblast line was established from the fetal skin. Chromosome preparations were Q-banded, and chromosome counts were taken that indicated the presence of 61 chromosomes in cells of ...
Aleyasin A - - 1999
Loci from human chromosome 12 were mapped in cattle to compare the gene order between species. Polymorphisms were detected in cattle in six loci that had been mapped with high precision in humans. Four of these loci, LALBA, SLC2A3, SYT1, and TPI1, mapped to bovine chromosome 5, and one, PLA2G1B, ...
Bouattour A - - 1999
Ticks (Ixodidae) play a significant role as vectors of pathogens of domestic animals in Tunisia. The major losses caused by ticks are related to transmission of protozoan parasites. These include agents of tropical theileriosis and babesiosis in ruminants. Since 1991, we conducted research studies on tick population of livestock in ...
Phua S H - - 1999
Facial eczema (FE) is a hepatogenous photosensitization disease of ruminant animals, particularly in sheep which vary widely in their susceptibility to the disease. The liver damage is caused by the mycotoxin, sporidesmin. There is evidence that the toxicity of sporidesmin is due to its ability to generate 'active oxygen' species. ...
Seitz J J - - 1999
The Roan locus is responsible for the coat coloration of Belgian Blue and Shorthorn cattle. The solid-colored and white animals are homozygotes, and the roan animals, with intermingled colored and white hairs, are heterozygous. The roan phenotype was mapped to cattle Chromosome (Chr) 5 with microsatellites, and a candidate gene ...
Iannuzzi L - - 1999
Human chromosome specific painting probes were hybridized on sheep (Ovis aries, 2n = 54) chromosomes by FISH. The painting results on sequentially stained RBA-banded preparations demonstrated high degree of conserved regions between human and sheep genomes. A total of 48 human chromosome segments were detected in sheep chromosomes. Comparisons with ...
Wildenauer D B - - 1999
The chromosomes 8 and 10 workshop took place at the Sixth World Congress on Psychiatric Genetics from October 6th-10th, 1998 in Bonn, Germany. Aim of the workshop was to discuss and summarize reports on potential susceptibility genes for psychiatric disorders. Linkage-findings on chromosome 8 concentrate on 8p22-p21 and include mainly ...
Yoneda K - - 1999
A hereditary chondrodysplastic dwarfism caused by an autosomal recessive gene has been reported in a population of Japanese Brown cattle. Affected calves show an insufficiency of endochondral ossification at the long bones of the limbs. In the present study, we mapped the locus responsible for the disease (bcd) by linkage ...
Viuff D - - 1999
Fluorescence in situ hybridization with chromosome 6- and chromosome 7-specific probes was used to assess the extent of chromosome abnormalities in developing bovine blastocysts at 7-8 days after insemination in vivo or in vitro. Interphase nuclei (N = 10 946) were analyzed from 151 blastocysts produced in vitro and from ...
Larsen N J - - 1999
Polymorphic microsatellites have been developed in the vicinity of nine genes on bovine chromosome (BTA) 24, all orthologous to genes on human chromosome (HSA) 18. The microsatellites have been isolated from bacterial and yeast artificial chromosome clones containing the genes. A linkage map was developed including these polymorphic markers and ...
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