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Cox Kimberly H KH Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Genetics and Neuroscience Graduate Program, University of Virginia School of Medicine, Charlottesville, VA 22908, United - - 2014
Sex differences in behavior are widespread and often caused by hormonal differences between the sexes. In addition to hormones, the composition and numbers of the sex chromosomes also affect a variety of sex differences. In humans, X-chromosome genes are implicated in neurobehavioral disorders (i.e. fragile-X, autism). To investigate the role ...
Asgari Atefeh A Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch, Tehran, - - 2013
Different studies show that chromosomal balance translocation in the parents can cause recurrent spontaneous abortions. Incidence of chromosomal translocation abnormalities in couples with repeated abortions is from 0% to 31%. The purpose of this research was studying the presence or absence of chromosomal abnormalities and heteromorphism in couples with recurrent ...
Zarifian Ahmadreza A Student Research Assembly, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, - - 2012
One of the major causes of spontaneous abortion before the fourth month of pregnancy is chromosomal abnormalities. We report an unusual case of a familial balanced chromosomal translocation in a consanguineous couple who experienced 4 spontaneous abortions. Chromosomal studies were performed on the basis of G-banding technique at high resolution ...
Bakhoum Samuel F SF Department of Biochemistry, Dartmouth Medical School, Hanover, NH 03755, - - 2012
The essential role of microtubules in cell division has long been known. Yet the mechanism by which microtubule attachment to chromosomes at kinetochores is regulated has only been recently revealed. Here, we review the role of kinetochore-microtubule (kMT) attachment dynamics in the cell cycle as well as emerging evidence linking ...
Mannini Linda - - 2011
Genome instability is a hallmark of cancer cells and how it arises is still not completely understood. Correct chromosome segregation is a pre-requisite for preserving genome integrity. Cohesin helps to ensure faithful chromosome segregation during cell cycle, however, much evidence regarding its functions have come to light over the last ...
Yokota Etsuko - - 2011
A dicentric ring minichromosome (miniδ) was identified in transgenic Arabidopsis thaliana and added to a wild type as a supernumerary chromosome. This line is relatively stable and has been maintained for generations, notwithstanding its ring and dicentric structure. To determine the mechanism for stable transmission of miniδ, the structure and ...
Chung George - - 2011
A family of helicases that are important in maintaining genome stability is the iron-sulfur group. Members of this family include DOG-1/FANCJ, RTEL1, XPD and Chl1p/DDX11. In Caenorhabitis elegans, the predicted gene M03C11.2 has orthology to the CHL1 (Chromosome loss 1) gene in Saccharomyces cerevisiae and DDX11 (DEAD/H box polypeptide 11) ...
Rajpar Shanna - - 2011
The 2009 Nobel Prize for Physiology and Medicine was awarded to Elizabeth H. Blackburn, Carol W. Greider and Jack K. Szostak for their work on telomeres and telomerase. This prize acknowledges their pionneering discoveries on chromosomal extremities. Telomeres are the nucleoproteic complexes that may be found at the ends of ...
Buttrick Graham J GJ Division of Biomedical Cell Biology, Warwick Medical School, University of Warwick, Coventry CV4 7AL, United - - 2011
Type 1 phosphatase (PP1) antagonizes Aurora B kinase to stabilize kinetochore-microtubule attachments and to silence the spindle checkpoint. We screened for factors that exacerbate the growth defect of Δdis2 cells, which lack one of two catalytic subunits of PP1 in fission yeast, and identified Nsk1, a novel protein required for ...
Sakuno Takeshi - - 2011
During meiosis I, kinetochores of sister chromatids are juxtaposed or fused and mono-orient, while homologous chromosomes that are paired by chiasmata (bivalents) have to biorient. In the absence of chiasmata, biorientation of sister chromatids (univalents), which carries a risk of aneuploidy, has been occasionally detected in several species, including humans. ...
Foley Emily A EA Laboratory of Chemistry and Cell Biology, Rockefeller University, 1230 York Avenue, New York, New York 10065, - - 2011
Error-free chromosome segregation depends on the precise regulation of phosphorylation to stabilize kinetochore-microtubule attachments (K-fibres) on sister chromatids that have attached to opposite spindle poles (bi-oriented). In many instances, phosphorylation correlates with K-fibre destabilization. Consistent with this, multiple kinases, including Aurora B and Plk1, are enriched at kinetochores of mal-oriented ...
Fatoba Samuel T ST Wolfson Institute for Biomedical Research, University College London, London, - - 2011
SIRT1 is a NAD-dependent deacetylase that participates in cellular controls of gene expression, metabolism, genomic stability and anti-aging. Here we report that SIRT1 levels rise in prometaphase leading to SIRT1 global association with mitotic chromatin until telophase. Moreover, SIRT1 contributes to chromosomal condensation by mediating chromosomal loading of histone H1 ...
Zahnreich Sebastian - - 2011
To assess why during in vitro aging of fibroblasts the maintenance of chromosomal stability is effective or occasionally fails, a detailed cytogenetic analysis was performed in normal human IMR-90 fetal lung fibroblasts. The onset of senescence was inferred from proliferation activity, expression pattern of cell cycle regulating proteins, activity of ...
Chan Janet N Y - - 2011
Heterochromatin, or silent chromatin, preferentially resides at the nuclear envelope. Telomeres and rDNA repeats are the two major perinuclear silent chromatin domains of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The Cohibin protein complex maintains rDNA repeat stability in part through silent chromatin assembly and perinuclear rDNA anchoring. We report here a role for Cohibin at ...
Wang Mo - - 2011
Shugoshin is a conserved protein in eukaryotes that protects the centromeric cohesin of sister chromatids from cleavage by separase during meiosis. In this study, we identify the rice (Oryza sativa, 2n = 2x = 24) homolog of ZmSGO1 in maize (Zea mays), named OsSGO1. During both mitosis and meiosis, OsSGO1 is recruited from nucleoli ...
Thoma C - - 2011
Aneuploidy, as a result of numerical changes in chromosome number, was observed in tumours almost a century ago. The molecular mechanisms underlying this phenomenon and their impact on tumour development are still poorly understood. A series of recent observations provide direct linkages between the normal function of tumour suppressor proteins ...
Mai Kien T - - 2011
Papillary renal cell carcinoma (PRCC) and clear cell RCC (CRCC) can display extensive areas with oncocytic/eosinophilic changes and may be associated with either minimal papillary architecture. These nonpapillary oncocytic/eosinophilic RCC often mimic renal oncocytoma (RO). We investigated numeric changes of chromosomes 7, 17, and Y and loss of the small ...
Stolz Ailine - - 2010
CHK2 (checkpoint kinase 2) and BRCA1 (breast cancer early-onset 1) are tumour-suppressor genes that have been implicated previously in the DNA damage response. Recently, we have identified CHK2 and BRCA1 as genes required for the maintenance of chromosomal stability and have shown that a Chk2-mediated phosphorylation of Brca1 is required ...
Ordulu Zehra Z Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Biology, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, 77 Ave. Louis Pasteur, Boston, MA 02115, - - 2010
Disseminated peritoneal leiomyomatosis (DPL) is a rare condition characterized by scattered smooth muscle nodules over the peritoneal surfaces. The pathogenesis of DPL remains unclear. Herein, we report a case of DPL occurring 7 years after laparoscopic supracervical hysterectomy with morcellation for uterine leiomyomata (UL). We analyzed both the original UL ...
Kuroda Naoto - - 2011
Mucinous tubular and spindle cell carcinoma (MTSCC) has recently been integrated into the World Health Organization classification. Although MTSCC is generally a low-grade carcinoma, MTSCC with high-grade morphology has been recently reported. We present the first case of high-grade MTSCC with comparative genomic hybridization findings. A 60-year-old Japanese man presented ...
Shehata Bahig M - - 2011
ABSTRACT Undifferentiated embryonal sarcoma (UES) of the liver is a primitive mesenchymal, malignant neoplasm occurring in children. The link between UES and mesenchymal hamartoma (MH) is controversial. Whether they share the same histiogenesis, representing 2 ends of a spectrum, or are distinct entities is unclear. The genetic aberrations of these ...
Frau Daniela V - - 2010
Deep fibrous histiocytoma, a rare lesion occuring in deep soft tissues, has recently been formally characterized as a diagnostically distinguishable variant of the benign fibrous histiocytoma spectrum with distinct morphological features. Nevertheless, because of the small number of cases published, information on their clinical behavior, including propensity for local recurrence ...
Yusenko Maria V - - 2010
We describe the molecular analysis of chromosomal rearrangements in familial t(3;6)(p12.3;q24.3) and t(3;12)(q13.13;q24.23) associated with the development of conventional renal cell carcinomas (RCC). We mapped the breakpoints by high-density oligo array comparative genomic hybridization of tumor cells in t(3;6) at chromosome 3p12.3 between PDZRN3 and CNTN3; the chromosomal rearrangement at ...
Yusenko Maria V - - 2010
The recognition of chromophobe renal cell carcinoma (RCC) among other distinct types of renal cell tumors (RCT) based on light-microscopic features, such as cytoplasmic and nuclear characteristics, might pose a dilemma in some cases because of morphological pattern overlapping with renal oncocytoma or conventional RCC. The present article reviews chromophobe ...
Hudacko Rachel - - 2011
Renal oncocytomas are benign epithelial tumors of the kidney. Histologically, they resemble certain malignant renal tumors, such as chromophobe renal cell carcinoma and the eosinophilic or granular form of clear cell renal carcinoma. It is, therefore, important to be able to differentiate among these tumors. Cytogenetic analysis is an important ...
Haudebourg Juliette - - 2010
Histological features are usually sufficient for providing an accurate diagnosis of renal cell carcinomas (RCC). However, the morphological appearance might sometimes be misleading. For instance, RCC with papillary areas and extensive clear cell changes may be difficult to classify either as clear cell renal carcinoma or as papillary renal cell ...
Zhong Minghao - - 2010
Both Xp11.2 translocation renal cell carcinoma (RCC) and alveolar soft part sarcoma (ASPS) are characterized by various translocations disrupting chromosome Xp11.2, which result in gene fusions involving the TFE3 transcription factor gene. Diagnostic tools to detect translocations involving the TFE3 gene on chromosome X would be valuable in the evaluation ...
Gobbo Stefano - - 2010
This study was undertaken to elucidate the genetic patterns of the renal cell neoplasms of oncocytosis and to compare them with those found in cases with multiple oncocytomas. Three cases of renal oncocytosis and 6 cases of multiple oncocytomas were analyzed. Fluorescence in situ hybridization analysis was performed with centromeric ...
Aly Magdy S - - 2010
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a very common and highly malignant tumor, associated mainly with chronic viral hepatitis, cirrhosis of any cause, aflatoxin exposure and ethanol consumption. Cytogenetic analysis on HCC has been limited because of poor hepatocyte growth in vitro. Conventional cytogenetic studies have demonstrated frequent abnormalities of specific chromosomes ...
Qian Junqi - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Endometrial cancer is the most common pelvic gynecological malignancy. The diagnosis of well-differentiated endometrial adenocarcinoma, atypical hyperplasia, and hyperplasia is often challenging. The authors sought to investigate the utility of chromosomal anomalies for the detection of endometrial hyperplasia and carcinoma using multitarget fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH). METHODS: Samples ...
Trci? Ruzica Lasan - - 2010
Great studies of multiple myeloma (MM) strongly suggested that specific chromosomal changes are of prognostic significance in patients with MM1. We have performed cytogenetic analysis and recently fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) on 43 cases of MM. Clonal chromosomal changes were present in 24 (56%) cases. Hyperdiploid karyotype was found ...
El-Gharib Mohamed N - - 2010
This study was conducted to define the cytogenetically critical regions of uterine leiomyomata, hoping to demonstrate the presence of possible genes involved in their evolution. It was carried out on 25 randomly selected uterine leiomyoma specimens obtained from 16 patients during hysterectomy or myomectomy operations. Successful tissue culture and karyotyping ...
Guillou Louis - - 2010
Soft tissue sarcomas (STS) with complex genomic profiles (50% of all STS) are predominantly composed of spindle cell/pleomorphic sarcomas, including leiomyosarcoma, myxofibrosarcoma, pleomorphic liposarcoma, pleomorphic rhabdomyosarcoma, malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor, angiosarcoma, extraskeletal osteosarcoma, and spindle cell/pleomorphic unclassified sarcoma (previously called spindle cell/pleomorphic malignant fibrous histiocytoma). These neoplasms show, characteristically, ...
Manor Esther - - 2010
Tongue squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) has an increasing incidence, a high morbidity rate, and a 50% 5-year survival rate. The prognosis of tongue SCC is poor compared to SCC originating at other sites in the oral cavity, because they represent different biological subentities. Cytogenetic studies of head and neck SCC ...
Brassesco Mar?a Sol - - 2010
Synovial sarcomas are high-grade malignant mesenchymal tumors that account for 10% of all soft-tissue sarcomas. Almost 95% of these tumors are characterized by a nonrandom chromosomal abnormality, t(X;18)(p11.2;q11.2), that is observed in both biphasic and monophasic variants. In this article, we present the case of a 57-year-old woman diagnosed with ...
Tsiambas E - - 2010
PURPOSE: p53 (gene location: 17p13.1) overexpression is a common event in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC), a highly aggressive malignant neoplasm. Although specific mechanisms of p53 gene deregulation have been identified, correlation between p53 expression and chromosome 17 gross numerical imbalances (aneuploidy) are under investigation. METHODS: Using tissue microarray technology, 60 ...
Oiso Naoki - - 2010
The mosaic pattern of phylloid hypomelanosis is mostly associated with chromosome 13 abnormalities. Recently, 1 case of hypermelanosis in a phylloid pattern has been described. We describe a 29-year-old Japanese male with mental retardation, phylloid hypermelanosis and histopathologically and ultrastructurally peculiar melanocytic nevi, which were associated with 3 aberrant chromosome ...
Kuroda Naoto - - 2010
Gain of chromosome 7 is well known to be a characteristic abnormality of papillary renal cell carcinoma (RCC). The purpose of the present study was to perform cytogenetic analysis of G-band karyotype in 16 clear cell RCC obtained from nephrectomy. The age of patients ranged from 50 to 79 years ...
Brunelli Matteo - - 2010
We investigated the usefulness of interphase fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) analysis to differentiate between 11 chromophobe renal carcinomas and 12 renal oncocytomas, showing different clinical outcomes, when compared with conventional metaphase cytogenetics by karyotyping. Karyotypically, 3 chromophobe renal cell carcinomas showed losses of chromosomes, 3 were polyploid, 1 was ...
Dvorakova Marie - - 2010
Clinical studies have confirmed that renal oncocytoma (RO) is a benign neoplasm with excellent prognosis. In diagnostically challenging cases of renal oncocytic epithelial neoplasms, fluorescent in-situ hybridization (FISH) is increasingly being used and its ability to distinguish RO from chromophobe renal cell carcinoma (ChRCC) has been documented. In this study, ...
Rippe Volkhard - - 2010
Thyroid adenomas are common benign human tumors with a high prevalence of about 5% of the adult population even in iodine sufficient areas. Rearrangements of chromosomal band 19q13.4 represent a frequent clonal cytogenetic deviation in these tumors making them the most frequent non-random chromosomal translocations in human epithelial tumors at ...
Mai Kien T - - 2010
We performed fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) to investigate the numeric change of chromosomes 7, 17, and Y and loss of chromosome 3p in "papillary renal cell carcinomas (RCC) with extensive clear cell changes (CCC)." Consecutive cases of RCC over a 12-year period were reviewed to identify "papillary RCC with ...
Monzon Federico A - - 2009
CONTEXT: -Renal epithelial neoplasms have characteristic chromosomal imbalances, and we have shown previously that virtual karyotypes derived from single-nucleotide polymorphism microarrays can be performed on formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissue. OBJECTIVE: -To perform a direct comparison of virtual and conventional karyotypes to evaluate concordance of results. DESIGN: -Twenty archival formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tumor ...
Manor Esther - - 2009
Sarcoma botryoides (SB) is a subtype of embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma (ERMS), which belongs to the most common soft-tissue sarcoma in infancy and childhood, the rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS). Most of the vaginal RMS belong to SB, which is five times more common than the cervical ERMS. To date, there is no doubt regarding ...
Zhou Ming - - 2009
Tubulocystic carcinoma of the kidney (TC-RCC) is a rare renal tumor with unique gross and microscopic features unlike other types of renal cell carcinoma (RCC). Several recent studies recommend that it should be classified as a distinct RCC subtype. In this study, we provide pathologic and cytogenetic evidence supporting that ...
Lozynska M - - 2009
AIM: To investigate the spectrum of chromosome changes in colorectal adenomas and adenocarcinomas and to evaluate the prognostic significance of the chromosome rearrangements. METHODS: The study was carried out using the cytogenetic analysis of biopsy specimens (n = 56) of single and multiply adenomas (familial adenomatous syndromes; n = 38) ...
Brunelli Matteo M Department of Pathology, University of Verona, Verona, - - 2009
To compare the results of numerical chromosomal changes in chromophobe renal cell carcinoma obtained from whole tissue sections with those of tissue microarrays. Standard sections and tissue microarrays constructed from formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded chromophobe renal cell carcinomas from 6 patients were subjected to interphase fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) using ...
Guillou Louis - - 2009
Soft tissue sarcomas (STS) with complex genomic profiles (50% of all STS) are predominantly composed of spindle cell/pleomorphic sarcomas, including leiomyosarcoma, myxofibrosarcoma, pleomorphic liposarcoma, pleomorphic rhabdomyosarcoma, malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor, angiosarcoma, extraskeletal osteosarcoma, and spindle cell/pleomorphic unclassified sarcoma (previously called spindle cell/pleomorphic malignant fibrous histiocytoma). These neoplasms show, characteristically, ...
Sirvent Nicolas - - 2009
Rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) is the most common pediatric soft tissue sarcoma and rarely occurs in adults. There are six main subtypes, each histologically, clinically, and cytogenetically distinct. Embryonal RMS is characterized by chromosomal gains, usually not associated with any consistent structural anomaly. We describe here a case of embryonal RMS in ...
Stejskalová Eva - - 2009
Hepatoblastoma is the most common primary hepatic tumor in children, and only a limited number of detailed karyotypic analyses have been reported to date. In the present study, cytogenetic abnormalities were identified in nine cases of hepatoblastoma from a single institution. Among characteristic chromosomal changes detected were simple numerical aberrations, ...
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