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Trikalinos Nikolaos A - - 2013
Therapy-related acute myeloid leukemia (t-AML) is well described after chemotherapy or radiotherapy for diverse malignancies. Radioisotope therapy is also recognized as a less-common cause of t-AML. We describe a patient with acute erythroid leukemia after radioactive iodine administration for papillary thyroid cancer, with an unbalanced 11;18 translocation resulting in three ...
Chiang Sarah - - 2012
Potential sources of error in surgical pathology include specimen misidentification, unidentified tissue, and tissue contamination of paraffin blocks and slides. Current molecular approaches to characterize unidentified or misidentified tissue include fluorescence in situ hybridization identification of sex chromosomes (XY FISH) and microsatellite analysis. Polymorphic deletion probe (PDP) FISH, a novel ...
Rigolin Gian Matteo - - 2012
It is unclear whether karyotype aberrations occurring in regions uncovered by the standard fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) panel, have prognostic relevance in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). We evaluated the significance of karyotypic aberrations in a learning cohort (LC, n=64) and in a validation cohort (VC, n=84) of CLL with ...
Cabral-de-Mello D C - - 2012
To better understand genomic and chromosomal organization and evolutionary patterns of the U1 snRNA gene in cichlid fish, the gene was cytogenetically mapped and comparatively analyzed in 19 species belonging to several clades of the group. Moreover, the distribution and organization of U1 snRNA gene was analyzed in the Oreochromis ...
Kern Wolfgang - - 2012
The World Health Organization classification uses a cut-off point of 5·0 × 10(9) /l cells with a chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL)-phenotype in peripheral blood to discriminate between monoclonal B-lymphocytosis (MBL) and B-CLL. This study analysed 298 MBL patients by multi-parameter flow cytometry, chromosome banding analysis (CBA)/fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), and IGHV ...
Kwasny Dorota - - 2012
Cytogenetic and molecular cytogenetic analyses, which aim to detect chromosome abnormalities, are routinely performed in cytogenetic laboratories all over the world. Traditional cytogenetic studies are performed by analyzing the banding pattern of chromosomes, and are complemented by molecular cytogenetic techniques such as fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH). To improve FISH ...
Bravo Malena Vidal - - 2012
We analyzed the behavior of interstitial telomeric sequences (ITSs) in the progeny of Chinese Hamster Ovary (CHO) cells exposed to the radiomimetic compound bleomycin (BLM) in order to determine if ITSs play some role in the long-term clastogenic effect of this antibiotic. To this end, CHO cells were treated with ...
Rudd M Katharine - - 2012
Subtelomeres are an incredibly dynamic part of the human genome located at the ends of chromosomes just proximal to telomere repeats. Although subtelomeric variation contributes to normal polymorphism in the human genome and is a by-product of rapid evolution in these regions, rearrangements in subtelomeres can also cause intellectual disabilities ...
Martin Vittoria - - 2012
Martin V, Banfi S, Bordoni A, Leoni-Parvex S & Mazzucchelli L (2012) Histopathology 60, 336-346 Presence of cytogenetic abnormalities in Spitz naevi: a diagnostic challenge for fluorescence in-situ hybridization analysis Aims:  Spitz naevi are difficult to diagnose, because of significant overlap with melanomas. It has been recently demonstrated that the LSI ...
Taketo Teruko - - 2012
Female fertility is critically influenced by two events affecting oocytes during meiotic prophase progression: meiotic recombination between homologous chromosomes; and a major oocyte loss. It is technically challenging to examine these events, which take place in fetal and neonatal ovaries in mammals. Here, we describe a protocol for the preparation ...
Murata Chie - - 2012
The genus Tokudaia comprises three species, two of which have lost their Y chromosome and have an XO/XO sex chromosome constitution. Although Tokudaia muenninki (Okinawa spiny rat) retains the Y chromosome, both sex chromosomes are unusually large. We conducted a molecular cytogenetic analysis to characterize the sex chromosomes of T. ...
Sugimoto Yuka - - 2012
While lenalidomide (LEN) shows high efficacy in myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) with del[5q], responses can be also seen in patients presenting without del[5q]. We hypothesized that improved detection of chromosomal abnormalities with new karyotyping tools may better predict response to LEN. We have studied clinical, molecular and cytogenetic features of 42 ...
Sanchez-Alberola Neus - - 2012
The SOS response is a well-known regulatory network present in most bacteria and aimed at addressing DNA damage. It has also been linked extensively to stress-induced mutagenesis, virulence and the emergence and dissemination of antibiotic resistance determinants. Recently, the SOS response has been shown to regulate the activity of integrases ...
Gmidène A - - 2011
Cytogenetic studies in multiple myeloma (MM) are hampered by the hypo-proliferative nature of plasma cells. In order to circumvent this problem, we have used a combination of immunolabeling of cytoplasmic Ig light chains (λ or κ) and FISH (cIg-FISH), which allowed a comprehensive detection of the most common and/or recurrent ...
Linc G - - 2011
Elytrigia elongata (Host) Nevski(= Agropyron elongatum, Thinopyrum elongatum, 2n = 2x = 14, EE) has long been used as a source of various types of resistance for wheat improvement, and numerous transfers have been made. However, despite heavy use, no high-resolution karyotype exists. We characterized the E. elongata karyotype of ...
Faber-Hammond J - - 2011
Unlike other Pacific salmon, sockeye salmon (Oncorhynchus nerka) have an X(1)X(2)Y sex chromosome system, with females having a diploid chromosome number of 2n = 58 and males 2n = 57 in all populations examined. To determine the origin of the sockeye Y chromosome, we mapped microsatellite loci from the rainbow ...
Orosová Martina - - 2011
Chromosomes of the invasive tapeworm Khawia sinensis (Caryophyllidea), the specific parasite of common carp, were analyzed by means of conventional Giemsa staining and using fluorescent DAPI and YOYO-1 dyes, silver staining, and fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) with 18S rDNA probe. The karyotype is composed of eight pairs of metacentric ...
Pomianowski K - - 2011
Highly polymorphic Arctic charr ( Salvelinus alpinus Linnaeus, 1758) chromosomes were studied using conventional and molecular methods. The diploid chromosome number in the studied individuals was 2n = 81 or 2n = 82, with a fundamental arm number (NF) = 100. These differences are due to Robertsonian fusions. Interindividual variation ...
Vaarwater Jolanda - - 2011
In uveal melanoma, loss of chromosome 3 and gain of chromosome 8q are associated with a high risk of metastasis. In this study, we validated the use of multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA) in detecting patients at risk for metastatic disease in comparison with the predictive power of fluorescence in-situ ...
Basinko Audrey - - 2011
We report here a child with a ring chromosome 5 (r(5)) associated with facial dysmorphology and multiple congenital abnormalities. Fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) using bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC) clones was performed to determine the breakpoints involved in the r(5). The 5p deletion extended from 5p13.2-3 to 5pter and measured ...
Anton Ester - - 2011
Structural reorganization carriers usually present compromised fertility accompanied by an increased risk of producing gametes with chromosomal abnormalities that can be transmitted to the offspring. In part these imbalances are ascribed to result from the occurrence of meiotic disturbances produced by the rearrangements in the proper segregation of other chromosome ...
Kuroda Naoto - - 2011
Acquired cystic disease (ACD)-associated renal cell carcinoma (RCC) has been recently identified. However, there are only a few genetic studies to date. In this article, we performed an immunohistochemical and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) study for six cases including one case with sarcomatoid change. As a result, we observed ...
Chen Chih-Ping - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: To present prenatal diagnosis and molecular cytogenetic characterization of de novo partial partial trisomy 21q (21q22.11→qter) associated with clinodactyly and hypoplastic midphalanx of the fifth fingers, midface hypoplasia, and an intracardiac echogenic focus on prenatal ultrasound. MATERIALS, METHODS, AND RESULTS: A 34-year-old gravida 2, para 1 woman underwent amniocentesis ...
Chen Chih-Ping - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To present prenatal molecular cytogenetic diagnosis of mosaicism for terminal 3p deletion and distal 3q duplication using cultured and uncultured amniocytes, and the association with fetoplacental discrepancy. MATERIALS, METHODS, AND RESULTS: A 35-year-old primigravid woman was referred for genetic counseling at 21 weeks of gestation because of 20% (5/25 ...
Rossi Elisa E Department of Pathology, University of Brescia-Spedali Civili, Brescia, - - 2011
it has been suggested that EGFR might be valuable to select patients for immunotherapy for various types of cancers. we investigated: a) the gene/proteins alterations in gastrointestinal cancers using immunohistochemistry (IHC) (gene overexpression) and fluorescence in situ hybridisation (FISH) (gene amplification); and b) the associations between EGFR overexpression and amplification ...
Costa Ana Rosa S - - 2011
Improved outcome of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) depends on the better differentiation of subtypes to predict treatment response and the identification of new target for treatment. In this study, array comparative genomic hybridization (aCGH) was used to distinguish eight cases of AML cases. Validation was performed by FISH and quantitative ...
Kirkpatrick Gordon - - 2012
Complex chromosomal rearrangements (CCR) are rare rearrangements involving more than two chromosomes and more than two breakpoints. CCR are associated with male infertility as a result of the disruption of spermatogenesis due to complex meiotic configurations and the production of chromosomally abnormal sperm. We examined a carrier of a t(1:2:10) ...
Wang Dan Ohtan - - 2012
Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) is a powerful tool used in karyotyping, cytogenotyping, cancer diagnosis, species specification, and gene-expression analysis. Although widely used, conventional FISH protocols are cumbersome and time consuming. We have now developed a FISH method using exciton-controlled hybridization-sensitive fluorescent oligodeoxynucleotide (ECHO) probes. ECHO-FISH uses a 25-min protocol ...
Theodorakis Christopher W - - 2011
This study focused on several wetlands in Laguna del Tigre National Park (Guatemala) as part of Conservation International's Rapid Assessment Program. Sediment and water samples were collected from a laguna near Xan field, Guatemala's largest oil facility, and three other sites for determination of levels of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). ...
Cao Yihua - - 2011
Chromosome identification using Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) genomic bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC) clones has the potential to contribute to the analysis and understanding of chromosomal instability of CHO cell lines and to improve our understanding of chromosome organization during the establishment of recombinant CHO cells. Fluorescence in situ hybridization imaging ...
Yamauchi Motohiro - - 2011
It is well documented that deficiency in ataxia telangiectasia mutated (ATM) protein leads to elevated frequency of chromosome translocation, however, it remains poorly understood how ATM suppresses translocation frequency. In the present study, we addressed the mechanism of ATM-dependent suppression of translocation frequency. To know frequency of translocation events in ...
Suzuki Go - - 2011
BAC FISH (fluorescence in situ hybridization using bacterial artificial chromosome probes) is a useful cytogenetic technique for physical mapping, chromosome marker screening, and comparative genomics. As a large genomic fragment with repetitive sequences is inserted in each BAC clone, random BAC FISH without adding competitive DNA can unveil complex chromosome ...
Wnuk M - - 2011
Nucleolar organizing regions (NORs) containing rDNA gene clusters have been assigned to the equine autosomes ECA1, ECA28, and ECA31. Active NORs (Ag-NORs) are associated with argyrophilic proteins, which allow them to be readily identified using silver staining techniques. Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) for rDNA can also be used to ...
Cao Yihua - - 2011
CHO (Chinese hamster ovary) cells have frequently been used in biotechnology for many years as a mammalian host cell platform for cloning and expressing genes of interest. A detailed physical chromosomal map of the CHO DG44 cell line was constructed by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) imaging using randomly selected ...
Gammon Bryan - - 2011
The use of molecular diagnostic methods such as fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) for challenging melanocytic neoplasms is becoming more widespread. In light of the diagnostic difficulty they pose, spitzoid melanocytic neoplasms constitute an area of greatest potential utilization. In this study we wished to evaluate the sensitivity of the ...
Liu Sixin - - 2011
The striped bass (Morone saxatilis) and its relatives (genus Morone) are of great importance to fisheries and aquaculture in North America. As part of a collaborative effort to employ molecular genetics technologies in striped bass breeding programs, we previously developed nearly 500 microsatellite markers. The objectives of this study were ...
Pierini Valentina - - 2011
In an adult case of B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) with a complex karyotype, both chromosomes 14 were involved in unbalanced rearrangements, specifically, der(14)t(13;14)(q21;q21) and dup(14)(q11q32). Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) detected two CEBPE-IGH rearrangements at the dup(14). One was found at the duplication breakpoint and the other derived from ...
Chui Jacqueline V - - 2011
A 28-month-old Peruvian male presented with speech delay and unusual facial features including prominent forehead, anteverted nares, ocular hypertelorism, and low-set and posteriorly rotated ears with a unilateral preauricular pit. The patient had poor speech with no other developmental delays. Height and weight were normal, although closure of the anterior ...
DE Braekeleer Etienne - - 2011
Inv(3)(q21q26)/t(3;3)(q21;q26) is recognized as a distinctive entity of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with recurrent genetic abnormalities of prognostic significance. It occurs in 1-2.5% of AML and is also observed in myelodysplastic syndromes and in the blastic phase of chronic myeloid leukemia. The molecular consequence of the inv(3)/t(3;3) rearrangements is the ...
Czuchlewski David R - - 2011
The diagnosis of hematologic malignancy can be greatly aided by the detection of a cytogenetic abnormality. However, care must be taken to ensure that constitutional chromosomal abnormalities are not misattributed to a putative population of malignant cells. Here we present an unusual case in which a constitutional balanced t(9;22)(q34;q11.2) cytogenetically ...
Sarri Catherine - - 2011
We report on an intellectually disabled girl with a de novo satellited chromosome 10 (10qs) and performed a review of the literature of the non-acrocentric satellited chromosomes (NASC). Satellites and stalks normally occur on the short arms of acrocentric chromosomes; however, the literature cites several reports of satellited non-acrocentric chromosomes, ...
Bhat Singh Rashmi - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the most recurrent deletion loci on 3p12-p26 by deletion mapping studies by PCR-LOH and BAC array-FISH in sporadic conventional renal cell carcinoma (cRCC) and further, to evaluate the their clinicopathologic significance in cRCC. Comparative allelotyping studies in cRCC and major epithelial carcinomas (MEC) such as lung, breast, ...
Vicari Marcelo Ricardo - - 2011
Chromosome painting (CP) with a probe of B chromosome obtained by microdissection and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) with probes of As51 satellite DNA, C( o )t-1 DNA, and 18S and 5S rDNA confirmed sharing of some repetitive DNA but not rDNA between A and B chromosomes in the fish ...
Al Nadaf Shafagh - - 2012
Sex chromosome dosage compensation in both eutherian and marsupial mammals is achieved by X chromosome inactivation (XCI)--transcriptional repression that silences one of the two X chromosomes in the somatic cells of females. We recently used RNA fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) to show, in individual nuclei, that marsupial X inactivation ...
Concolino D - - 2011
We report a new case of 8q interstitial duplication in a patient with dysmorphic features, umbilical hernia, cryptorchidism, short stature, congenital heart defect and mild mental retardation (MR). Chromosome analysis with high resolution QFQ bands showed 46,XY, 8q+, which was interpreted as a partial duplication of the distal long arm ...
Lamatsch D K - - 2011
In the asexual all-female fish species Poecilia formosa, the Amazon molly, supernumerary chromosomes have frequently been found in both laboratory-reared and wild-caught individuals. While wild-caught individuals with B chromosomes are phenotypically indifferent from conspecifics, individuals carrying B chromosomes from recent introgression events in the laboratory show phenotypic changes. Former analyses ...
Freitas Érika L - - 2011
We report on a 17-year-old patient with midline defects, ocular hypertelorism, neuropsychomotor development delay, neonatal macrosomy, and dental anomalies. DNA copy number investigations using a Whole Genome TilePath array consisting, of 30K BAC/PAC clones showed a 6.36 Mb deletion in the 9p24.1-p24.3 region and a 14.83 Mb duplication in the ...
Dolan Michelle - - 2011
More than 100 cases of deletions that span 11p13-11p14 resulting in WAGR syndrome have been reported in the literature. In contrast, reports of duplications spanning this region are extremely rare. We here report on a deletion of 11p13-11p14 identified in a neonate with severe congenital anomalies including genitourinary abnormalities and ...
Sills Eric Scott - - 2012
The aim of this study was to describe the clinical and laboratory findings associated with a previously unreported unbalanced X;6 translocation. Physical examination, reproductive history and cytogenetic techniques were used to characterise a novel chromosomal anomaly associated with gonadal dysgenesis. A healthy non-dysmorphic 23 year-old phenotypic female with primary amenorrhea ...
de Bello Cioffi Marcelo - - 2011
The wolf fish Hoplias malabaricus includes well differentiated sex systems (XY and X(1)X(2)Y in karyomorphs B and D, respectively), a nascent XY pair (karyomorph C) and not recognized sex chromosomes (karyomorph A). We performed the evolutionary analysis of these sex chromosomes, using two X chromosome-specific probes derived by microdissection from ...
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