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Results 351 - 400 of 1025
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Staiber W - - 1997
In the chironomid Acricotopus lucidus, parts of the genome, the germ line-limited chromosomes, are eliminated from the future soma cells during early cleavage divisions. A highly repetitive, germ line-specific DNA sequence family was isolated, cloned and sequenced. The monomers of the tandemly repeated sequences range in size from 175 to ...
Hall K J - - 1997
A detailed cytogenetical study of inbred lines of pea and their F1 hybrids has been undertaken to study the relationship between the cytogenetic map and the molecular linkage map. The mitotic karyotypes of a standard pea line, JI15, a translocation line, JI61, and line JI281, a line used in the ...
Morris J S - - 1997
Chromosome painting was used to determine the copy number and identity of virtually all the chromosomes in three breast cancer cell lines, T-47D, MDA-MB-361, and ZR-75-1. The karyotypes of all three cell lines were very complex, and were consistent with the monosomic pattern of evolution suggested by Dutrillaux, in which ...
Hall K J - - 1997
A cytogenetic analysis of inbred lines that have been used to generate genetic maps of pea is presented. Mitotic karyotyping of the inbred lines and meiotic studies of their F1 hybrids have been used to test the prediction that structural differences exist between the parental lines. The results are not ...
Inoue A - - 1997
A neuroblastoma cell line displaying genetically unique features was established from a stage III case of a 20-month-old girl. Southern blotting by the probe pTNB6, which contains exon 1 of the N-myc gene, showed that the primary tumor had in total 4 aberrant bands beside the normal amplified band. The ...
Williams A C - - 1997
We examined the effect of loss of wild type TP53 activity on the chromosomal stability of a human colonic adenoma derived cell line (designated AA/Cl) by studying transfected variants which express different TP53 mutations. Using gross chromosomal aberrations as a measure of instability, we studied metaphase spreads of a vector ...
Merk O - - 1997
We have characterized six SV40-transformed xeroderma pigmentosum cell lines (XP20S and XP12BE derived from female donors, XP12RO-SV, XP3BR/12SV, XP4PA-SV and XP8CAC-SV from male donors) for their usability in HPRT mutation studies. All cell lines exhibit hypersensitivity, compared with MRC5CV1 cells, towards the cytotoxic action of UV-irradiation. They were all shown ...
Gause P R - - 1997
The TP-ras transgenic mouse line expresses an activated human T24 Ha-ras gene with a mutation in codon 12, regulated by a mouse tyrosinase promoter. The transgene is expressed in melanocytes of the skin, eyes, and brain. The mice develop cutaneous melanoma when treated with 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene. Cell lines have been generated ...
Boukamp P - - 1997
Altered growth and differentiation and a highly abnormal karyotype are generally believed to be indicators for tumorigenic conversion of human cells. Inactivation of TP53 is supposedly one possible mechanism for accelerated genetic aberrations via reduced control of the genetic integrity. To examine the significance of this functional relationship, we investigated ...
Barks J H - - 1997
DNA amplification is an important mechanism of tumor progression that allows cancer cells to up-regulate the expression of critical genes such as oncogenes and genes conferring drug resistance. Recent studies using comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) revealed increased DNA copies of 20q sequences in 7 melanoma cell lines and B archival ...
Aardema M J - - 1997
To gain a better understanding of the role of specific numerical and structural chromosome changes in the multistage process of transformation of Syrian hamster embryo (SHE) cells, we analyzed seven benzo(a)pyrene (BP)-induced immortal SHE cell lines, and one spontaneously immortalized cell line. In addition, we analyzed chromosome changes in early ...
Bernardino J - - 1997
Using chromosome painting, a study of chromosomal abnormalities has been performed in two prostatic carcinoma cell lines, PC-3 and DU145. In PC-3, this analysis revealed a highly rearranged hypotriploid karyotype with 54 to 61 chromosomes and numerous rearrangements of chromosomes 1, 3, 5, 8, 10, and 14. At passage 73, ...
Livezey K W - - 1997
Chromosome and molecular analyses of the hepatitis B virus (HBV)-transfected HepG2T14.1 variant of the HepG2 cell line was conducted. In HepG2T14.1 cells several genetic alterations such as de novo aberrations of chromosomes 9, 14, 15, and 20 were identified that are not present in the parental HepG2 cell line. Furthermore, ...
Lucretti S - - 1997
In the present study, we report on the development of bivariate flow karyotyping in the legume broad bean (Vicia faba). We optimised chromosome staining with 4',6-diamidino-2-phenylindole and mithramycin A and analysed chromosome suspensions prepared from a line with standard (wild-type) karyotype and from six translocation lines with reconstructed karyotypes. Chromosomes ...
Solinas-Toldo S - - 1997
High risk human papillomaviruses (HPVs) known to be closely associated with cervical cancer, such as HPV16 and HPV18, have the potential to immortalize human epithelial cells in culture. Four lines of HPV-transfected keratinocytes were analyzed by comparative genomic hybridization at different time points after transfection. A number of chromosomal imbalances ...
Verdoodt B - - 1997
The relationship between the copy numbers of chromosomes 1 and 17 and characteristics related to aggressiveness, histological grade, and doubling time was studied in 10 cell lines from pancreatic carcinomas (7 from primary tumors, 2 from ascites, and 1 from a liver metastasis). Fluorescence in situ hybridization with, respectively, the ...
Wasenius V M - - 1997
The genetic changes underlying the development of resistance to the platinum-containing drugs are poorly defined. We analyzed six resistant cell lines using comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) in order to screen and identify possible genetic changes in common. We compared parental 2008 and A2780 human ovarian cancer cells to sublines selected ...
Deichmann M - - 1997
Using an ultra-sensitive fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) protocol, integration sites of the human immunodeficiency virus-1 (HIV-1) were mapped in two model cell lines for chronic HIV infection. In the promonocytic cell line U1/HIV-1, the two integrated copies of proviral HIV-DNA were located on the short arm of one copy ...
Kramer P R - - 1997
Unrestrained DNA supercoiling was measured using a Me3-psoralen photobinding assay within a transcriptionally active hygromycin B phosphotransferase (hph) gene integrated into different chromosomal locations in five transformed human fibrosarcoma cell lines. The level of unrestrained supercoiling in the hph gene varied, from high to low levels, in different chromosomal locations ...
Smith K A - - 1997
Rodent cells resistant to N-phosphonacetyl-L-aspartate (PALA) invariably contain amplified carbamyl-P synthetase/aspartate transcarbamylase/dihydro-orotase (CAD) genes, usually in widely spaced tandem arrays present as extensions of the same chromosome arm that carries a single copy of CAD in normal cells. In contrast, amplification of CAD is very infrequent in several human tumor ...
Otsuka Y - - 1997
Genetic variation in total mRNA level of the six hsp genes (hsp22, hsp23, hsp26, hsp27, hsp70 and hsp82) in the presence of heat shock was investigated by using seventy-four second- and seventy third-chromosome lines of Drosophila melanogaster which have the same genetic background derived from a highly inbred stock. There ...
Hofseth L J - - 1997
Insertion of a normal chromosome 11 into tumour cell lines can protect against a sensitivity to irradiation and oxidative stress. A possible mechanism underlying this effect is that there is a correction of a defect in the rejoining of double-strand breaks (dsb) by the chromosome insertion. In order to explore ...
Puel A - - 1996
Several distinct chromosomal segments were recently identified by cosegregation analysis of polymorphic markers with antibody responsiveness in an F2 cross between high (H) and low (L) antibody responder lines of Biozzi mice. The effect associated with the relevant markers has now been investigated in backcross populations (toward the L line) ...
Stuppia L - - 1996
Three patients carrying an isodicentric (idic) Y chromosome associated with a mosaic 45,X cell line were studied using molecular techniques. Genotype-phenotype correlations suggested an effect of the 45,X cell line on sexual differentiation. A relationship was established between instability of the idic(Y) chromosome and localization of the breakpoint on Yq, ...
Meer D P - - 1996
Economic and organoleptic concerns are in opposition relative to the use of male swine (boars) in many pork products. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was used to detect the presence of male tissue in hot boned pork and fresh and cooked sausage products. Two oligonucleotide primers were generated to amplify a ...
Ohnuki Y - - 1996
A simian virus 40 (SV40)-transformed human bronchial epithelial cell line, BEAS-2B, underwent progressive changes, including the development of tumorigenicity, during extended in vitro passaging. Karyotypic changes occurred in parallel with the phenotypic changes. For the first 12 passages following viral transformation, there were random karyotypic changes. Immortalization occurred between passages ...
Dave B J - - 1996
The purpose of this study was to correlate abnormalities in chromosome 14 with the invasive metastatic phenotype of K-1735 murine melanoma cells. Low metastatic K-1735 clone 10 and clone 23 cells were transfected with either basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), Kaposi's fibroblast growth factor (kFGF), or c-H-ras gene. A high ...
Thein A T - - 1996
Cervical tumors nearly all have complex karyotypes and more precise cytogenetic information is required to establish whether specific rearrangements occur, and if they are related to the type of HPV infection found. The karyotypes of five recently established cervical cancer cell lines, three from squamous cell carcinomas (two HPV 16 ...
Yu C - - 1996
Increment threshold for a small (e.g. 1' x 5') line target superimposed on backgrounds of various shapes and sizes was measured to provide a detailed map of the spatial interactions about line targets. This modified "Westheimer paradigm" indicated sensitization in the length direction as well as in the width direction ...
Oda D - - 1996
Human papilloma virus (HPV) type 16 has an established association with anogenital carcinoma, and to some extent with human oral squamous cell carcinoma. We hypothesize that HPV type 16 is capable of inducing chromosomal and cell cycle changes in cultured oral epithelial cells. Normal human oral epithelia] cells were immortalized ...
Kearns W G - - 1996
Adeno-associated virus-2 (AAV) can integrate in a site-specific manner to human chromosome 19 and is currently in phase I clinical trials for cystic fibrosis (CF) at Johns Hopkins Hospital. The goal of this study was to determine the fate of recombinant AAV containing the CFTR cDNA (AAV-CFTR) in an immortalized ...
Kulkarni Schmidt-Kastner P S - - 1996
Cytogenetic and DNA flow cytometric analysis was carried out on four SV40T-transfected human buccal epithelial cells lines. One of these was immortalized and showed a nontumorigenic phenotype when tested in athymic nude mice. DNA flow cytometric ploidy values correlated well with cytogenetic ploidy values as calculated from chromosome length or ...
Gagos S - - 1996
Extensive karyotypic analysis was performed on early and late passages of two continuous human cell lines, SW480 and SW620, that were derived from the same colon cancer patient. We cultivated these two cell lines in vitro for a period of 24 months and periodically examined their chromosome constitution. SW480 cells, ...
Weber K E - - 1996
The fitness effects of extreme genetic change by selection were studied in large populations subjected to prolonged, intense selection. Two replicate populations of Drosophila melanogaster, with estimated effective sizes 500 < or = Ne < or = 1000, were selected for increased performance in a wind tunnel, selecting on average ...
Stoltenberg S F - - 1996
As part of a long-term study (38+ years) to identify genetic correlates of geotaxis in Drosophila melanogaster, the investigators report the results of allozyme-level analyses of 2 lines derived from hybridizing high- and low-selected lines that have evolved stable, extreme expressions of geotaxis. Allelic variation at Adh was associated with ...
Fiddler T A - - 1996
One obvious phenotype of tumor cells is the lack of terminal differentiation. We previously classified rhabdomyosarcoma cell lines as having either a recessive or a dominant nondifferentiating phenotype. To study the genetic basis of the dominant nondifferentiating phenotype, we utilized microcell fusion to transfer chromosomes from rhabdomyosarcoma cells into C2C12 ...
Gilles C - - 1996
The viral organization of HPV-33 was determined by Southern blotting in 2 HPV-33-immortalized cervical cell lines (CK11 and CK12) and compared to our previous results obtained on 10 other already characterized HPV-33-immortalized cell lines (CK1 to CK10). As observed in CK1 to CK10, the viral DNA was found integrated in ...
Herrmann M E - - 1996
The cell line PTC-1113A was established from a metastasizing recurrent papillary thyroid cancer. The cell line was growing as monolayer and showed a complex karyotype with chromosome numbers ranging from 30 to 140/metaphase. A proportion of metaphases contained double minutes and/or pulverized chromosomes. Extrachromosomal DNA seemed to originate from a ...
Sargent L - - 1996
Cytogenetic changes that occur during the progression of rat hepatocarcinogenesis were assessed with three rat liver epithelial cell lines derived from WB cells. Previously characterized WBneo, WBras, and WBrasIIa cells were grown in culture and analyzed for structural and numerical chromosomal integrity by banded karyotype analysis. The WBneo cells had ...
Fernández R - - 1996
We report the results of a molecular investigation of 25 patients who had Turner syndrome and who had previously been subject to analysis using cytogenetic techniques. When in situ hybridization and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) techniques were applied, a larger number of mosaic individuals were observed than were detected by ...
Casciano I - - 1996
Cytogenetic and molecular studies suggest that chromosome 1p might contain oncosuppressor genes involved in the pathogenesis of neuroblastoma and other adult tumors. The isolation of these genes by the 'positional cloning' approach will be facilitated by the characterization of cell lines with well defined chromosomal aberrations. In the present report ...
Parichy D M - - 1996
In many species of salamanders, pigment cells derived from the neural crest give rise to a horizontal stripe pattern in hatchling larvae. A defining element of these horizontal stripe patterns is a region over the middle of the myotomes that is relatively free of melanophores. This study shows that formation ...
Krishnaveni L - - 1996
Using an in vitro model for cell transformation, the relationship between specific chromosomal aberration and phenotypic changes was studied at different passages of Rat-2 cell line. A marker chromosome resulting from a translocation [t(2;7)] was found to be associated with focus formation in soft agar. Conversely, the loss of this ...
Popescu N C NC National Institute of health, Bethesda, MD 20892-4255, - - 1996
Two neoplastic Kaposi's sarcoma (KS) cell lines, KS Y-1 (derived from a patient with KS associated with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome) and KS SLK (derived from an immunosuppressed patient with a renal transplant and KS or iatrogenic KS), have been shown to have abnormal chromosome constitution and to require no exogenous ...
Kerler R - - 1996
Liver cell line CL 52, derived from a diethylnitrosamine-treated rat at the stage of preneoplasia/early neoplasia, had an inconspicuous 2n karyotype when analyzed 6 months after in vitro propagation. Malignant progression was accompanied by cytogenetic alterations of chromosomes 1, 3, and 11. In addition, trisomy of chromosomes 4, 6, and ...
Volpi E V - - 1996
We performed a focused chromosome analysis on the HL60 cell line by multicolor fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), using probes for the unequivocal identification of specific chromosome regions and subregions. The purpose of this karyotypic re-evaluation was to confirm and to characterize in more detail chromosome rearrangements already identified by ...
Miele M E - - 1996
Progression of human melanoma toward increasing malignant behavior is associated with several nonrandom chromosomal aberrations, most commonly involving chromosomes 1, 6, 7, 9, and 10. We previously showed that introduction of human chromosome 6 into the highly metastatic human malignant melanoma cell line C8161 completely suppressed metastasis without altering tumorigenicity ...
Mark H F - - 1996
The establishment of three cell lines from keratinizing and nonkeratinizing cervical carcinomas was previously reported. These cell lines were analyzed for growth properties in vitro and in vivo. Metaphases prepared from tissue culture of these cell lines were cytogenetically characterized using GTG-banding and fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) using chromosome-specific ...
Jackson-Cook C - - 1996
Cytogenetic studies of a SV40T antigen immortalized human prostate epithelial cell line (P69SV40T) and its increasingly tumorigenic tumor sublines, designated M2182 and M15, were done with GTG-banding and multicolor fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH). The parental line and each of the two sublines were near-diploid and contained several consistent abnormalities. ...
van den Akker T W - - 1996
Multiple myeloma (MM) and Waldenstrom's macroglobulinemia-like lymphoma (MW) appear spontaneously in C57BL/KaLwRij mice at a frequency of 0.5% and 0.2%, respectively. They can readily be propagated by intravenous transfer of mainly bone marrow or spleen cells into syngeneic recipients. Previous studies demonstrated that these mouse malignant monoclonal gammopathies (MMG) show ...
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