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Ojha Animesh K - - 2006
We report on a new empirical relationship to explain the concentration-dependent isotropic Raman line width changes of a vibrational mode in uniform binary mixtures. The factors contributing to the intrinsic line width and several other broadening mechanisms are, in general, concentration-dependent. Concentration fluctuation in a microscopic volume and microviscosity are ...
Selvarajah Shamini - - 2006
Osteosarcoma (OS) is characterized by chromosomal instability and high copy number gene amplification. The breakage-fusion-bridge (BFB) cycle is a well-established mechanism of genome instability in tumors and in vitro models used to study the origins of complex chromosomal rearrangements and cancer genome amplification. To determine whether the BFB cycle could ...
Huang Guang-Wen - - 2006
The ORF100, ORF29-TrnC(GCA) spacer, rps16 gene intron and TrnT(UGU)-TrnL(UAA) spacer of chloroplast DNA (cpDNA) of 6 photoperiod-sensitive genic male sterile (PGMS) rice, Nongken58S and its 5 derivatives, were amplified and sequenced. According to the result of ORF100 and ORF29-TrnC(GCA) spacer analysis, the cpDNA of japonica PGMS line Nongken58S was Japonica, ...
Paschen Annette - - 2006
PURPOSE: Total loss of surface presentation of human leukocyte antigen (HLA) class I molecules, protecting tumor cells from the recognition by cytotoxic host CD8+ T cells, is known to be caused by mutations in the beta2-microglobulin (beta2m) gene. We asked whether abnormalities of chromosome 15, harboring the beta2m gene on ...
Karpova Maria B - - 2006
The comprehensive cytogenetic profiles of a panel of 10 Burkitt's lymphoma (BL)-derived B cell lines, designated Akata, BL-28, BL-41, Daudi, DG-75, Mutu I, Mutu III, Namalwa, Rael, and Ramos, respectively, are reported herein. The unique origin of each cell line was established using multiplex quantitative fluorescence polymerase chain reaction (QF-PCR). ...
Sawyer Jeffrey R - - 2006
The L5178Y/Tk+/- -3.7.2C mouse lymphoma cell line is characterized, at the cytogenetic level, by a karyotype involving both numerical and complex structural aberrations. While the karyotype is remarkably normal for a transformed cell line that has been in culture for almost half a century, there are a number of chromosomal ...
Karst Constanze - - 2006
The Moloney murine leukemia virus-transformed suspension cell line WMP2 is derived from wild mice (Mus musculus) of the WMP/WMP strain. These mice carry nine pairs of metacentric Robertsonian translocation chromosomes. As the chromosomes of the wild-type mouse are all acrocentric, metaphase spreads of the WMP2 cells seam to be highly ...
Sugawara Ayako - - 2006
We performed chromosomal analysis on 540 mouse embryonic stem (ES) cell lines obtained during 2001 to 2004 from 20 institutions in Japan. Overall, 66.5% of the ES cell lines showed normal chromosomal numbers, but 15.9%, 9.1%, and 2.8% showed modal chromosomal numbers of 41, 42, and 39, respectively. When we ...
Grishanin Andrey K - - 2006
Collectively, populations of Acanthocyclops vernalis, a species complex of freshwater copepods, are remarkably similar as to morphology and DNA content, despite variability in chromosome number. Reproductive isolation had been reported among some populations, but with each new investigation the species boundaries and factors that may influence them appeared less clear. ...
Camps Jordi - - 2006
Mantle-cell lymphoma (MCL) is genetically characterized by 11q13 chromosomal translocations involving the CCND1 gene. We have characterized five MCL cell lines, JVM-2, GRANTA-519, REC-1, JEKO-1, and NCEB-1, combining metaphase and array comparative genomic hybridization, multicolor-FISH, and molecular analysis. Our results revealed common gained regions at 2p14, 9q31.2-qter, 11q13.1-q21, 13q14-q21.2, 13q34-qter ...
Caisander Gunilla - - 2006
There have been recent reports of human embryonic stem cell (hESC) lines developing chromosomal aberrations after long-term culture, indicating an unstable genomic status due to the in vitro milieu. This raises concern, since it would limit their use in therapeutics. In this study the chromosomal status of five well-characterized hESC ...
Treszl Andrea - - 2006
We report the complex cytogenetic analysis of a novel melanoma cell line (M35/01) established from a vertical growth phase of a superficial spreading melanoma. Similarly to its parental tumor, this cell line metastasizes to the liver. Using combined molecular cytogenetic techniques, we could identify a reservoir of chromosomal alterations in ...
Su M M Department of Pathology, (Key Immunopathology Laboratory, Guangdong Province) Shantou University Medical College, Shantou, China. - - 2006
We compared whole genomic changes in cell lines generated from esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) and esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC). To do so, we investigated chromosomal DNA copy number changes in four EAC cell lines and three ESCC cell lines using comparative genomic hybridization (CGH). Frequent gains of chromosome 5p, 8q, ...
Jeong Dong-Hoon - - 2006
We have generated 47,932 T-DNA tag lines in japonica rice using activation-tagging vectors that contain tetramerized 35S enhancer sequences. To facilitate use of those lines, we isolated the genomic sequences flanking the inserted T-DNA via inverse polymerase chain reaction. For most of the lines, we performed four sets of amplifications ...
Brecevic L - - 2006
There are only about 30 commercially available cell lines which include small supernumerary marker chromosomes (sSMC). As approximately 2.5 million people worldwide are carriers of an sSMC, this small number of immortalized cell lines is hard to understand. sSMC cell lines provide practically unlimited material for continuing studies e.g. to ...
Derouazi M - - 2006
The dihydrofolate reductase-deficient Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cell line DG44 is the dominant mammalian host for recombinant protein manufacturing, in large part because of the availability of a well-characterized genetic selection and amplification system. However, this cell line has not been studied at the cytogenetic level. Here, the first detailed ...
Kanekar N - - 2005
We have detected the four 18 cm OH lines from the z approximaetely 0.765 gravitational lens toward PMN J0134-0931. The 1612 and 1720 MHz lines are in conjugate absorption and emission, providing a laboratory to test the evolution of fundamental constants over a large lookback time. We compare the HI ...
Wu Jixiang - - 2006
When using chromosome substitution (CS) lines in a crop breeding improvement program, one needs to separate the effects of the substituted chromosome from the remaining chromosomes. This cannot be done with the traditional additive-dominance (AD) model where CS lines, recurrent parent, and their hybrids are used. In this study, we ...
Ananiev E V - - 2005
Long tracts (megatracts) of (CAG)n, (TAG)n, and (GAA)n microsatellite sequences capable of forming composite DNA segments were found in the maize (Zea mays L.) genome. Some of the (CAG)n and (TAG)n megatracts were organized in clusters of up to 1 Mb on several chromosomes, as detected by fluorescence in situ ...
Jin Yuesheng - - 2005
Extravillous cytotrophoblast (EVCT) cultures from the normal placentas of three pregnant women were transfected by HPVE6E7. Sequential cytogenetic and molecular analyses were performed to delineate genetic events that may be critical for cell immortalization. One line, PE1-E6E7, was immortalized successfully, whereas 2 other lines, PE3-E6E7 and PE4-E6E7, could not be ...
Kim M S - - 2005
TSU-PR1 was originally reported as a prostatic carcinoma cell line derived from a lymph node metastasis. Recently, however, this cell line was reported to be derived from T24 bladder carcinoma cells, and thus further definition of its origin is needed. Conventional cytogenetic study of TSU-PR1 showed aneuploidy, ranging from 65 ...
Grigorova Mira - - 2005
The karyotypes of 10 lung cancer cell lines of the NCI-H series were analyzed with spectral karyotyping (SKY): 7 non-small lung cancer (NSCLC) lines and 3 small cell lung cancer (SCLC) lines. Modal chromosome number ranged from 42 (NCI-H2171) to 72 (NCI-H2126). All lines showed at least six structural abnormalities, ...
Wang Youping - - 2006
Two Brassica napus-Crambe abyssinica monosomic addition lines (2n=39, AACC plus a single chromosome from C. abyssinca) were obtained from the F(2) progeny of the asymmetric somatic hybrid. The alien chromosome from C. abyssinca in the addition line was clearly distinguished by genomic in situ hybridization (GISH). Twenty-seven microspore-derived plants from ...
Niessen Renée C - - 2005
We report on a 6-year-old girl with linear streaks of apparent hypopigmentation and hyperpigmentation following the Blaschko lines, growth retardation, bupthalmos of the left eye, and mild mental retardation. She had a 45,X karyotype in lymphocytes. In cultured fibroblasts a double aneuploidy mosaicism was detected, consisting of a cell line ...
Babu R - - 2005
The low nutritive value of maize endosperm protein is genetically corrected in quality protein maize (QPM), which contains the opaque 2 gene along with numerous modifiers for kernel hardness. We report here a two generation marker-based backcross breeding program for incorporation of the opaque 2 gene along with phenotypic selection ...
Sarraf Shireen - - 2005
Cell lines derived from tumors contain numerous chromosomal aberrations and are the focus of study in tumor evolution. The ovarian teratocarcinoma cell line PA-1 demonstrates a single chromosomal aberration: a reciprocal t(15;20)(p11.2;q11.2). A complete molecular genetic analysis was undertaken to characterize this cell line. The PA-1 cell line was studied ...
Rao V Koneti - - 2005
The human ABCG2 gene, located on chromosome 4, encodes an ATP-binding cassette half-transporter that has been shown to confer resistance to chemotherapeutic agents. Relatively little is known about the mechanisms controlling expression of ABCG2. In previous studies, we had shown that overexpression of ABCG2 can result from rearrangement or gene ...
Law Mark E - - 2005
Deletions of chromosome 1p and 19q arms are frequent genetic abnormalities in primary human gliomas and are especially common in oligodendrogliomas. However, the chromosome 1p and 19q status of many glioma cell lines has not been established. Using homozygosity mapping, fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), and comparative genomic hybridization to ...
Jarmuz MaƂgorzata - - 2005
Chromosomal aberrations were analyzed in 12 established cell lines derived from laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma. Cytogenetic and fluorescence in situ hybridization studies were used to identify aberrations in the 11q13 region and in some other chromosome regions. Amplification of 11q13 was established only in the cell lines derived from subjects ...
Henry Isabelle M - - 2005
Polyploidy, the inheritance of more than two genome copies per cell, has played a major role in the evolution of higher plants. Little is known about the transition from diploidy to polyploidy but in some species, triploids are thought to function as intermediates in this transition. In contrast, in other ...
Wilson Charlotte - - 2005
Testicular germ-cell tumors (TGCTs) show exquisite sensitivity to cisplatin-based chemotherapy, and therefore this is considered a good model system for studying the mechanism of chemotherapy resistance. Although the genetic alterations related to TGCT have been well studied, little is known about the genetic basis of chemotherapy resistance, which occurs in ...
Powers James F - - 2005
Somatic genetic aberrations have been identified in both sporadic pheochromocytomas and those associated with familial tumor syndromes; however, individual variations between human tumors and the absence of in vitro human pheochromocytoma models hinder efforts to understand the roles of those aberrations in tumorigenesis. Pheochromocytomas occur frequently in neurofibromatosis knockout mice ...
Ito Takuya - - 2005
We report here the generation of an additional collection of Dissociation (Ds) transposon-tagged, sequence-indexed lines of Arabidopsis thaliana. Our RIKEN Ds insertion collection now totals 17,668 lines. Our collection has preferential insertions in chromosomes 1 and 5, because Ds was transposed from start loci on those chromosomes (11,854 and 5,814 ...
Yang Jiong - - 2005
The HCCLM3 cell line was established at the authors' institute from the lung metastatic lesions of BALB/c nude mice bearing human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) from the metastatic HCC cell line MHCC97-H. It has been shown to have a high potential for lung metastases and extensive metastases when the cells are ...
Boyd Yvonne - - 2005
Campylobacter jejuni is the leading cause of food-borne gastro-enteritis and infection can be followed by severe clinical complications, such as the autoimmune neuropathy Guillain-Barré syndrome. Poultry meat is considered to be a common source of infection, with most flocks infected from 2 to 3 weeks of age. We have examined ...
Darnfors Catarina - - 2005
The use of human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) in most applications is dependent on their undifferentiated proliferation in vitro. Recent studies have illustrated the possibility that chromosomal changes may occur in hESCs during in vitro propagation of these cells. However, no studies so far have screened for chromosomal abnormalities in ...
Sharma Punita P Department of Genetics, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, - - 2005
Most insertional mutagenesis screens of Drosophila performed to date have not used target chromosomes that have been checked for their suitability for phenotypic screens for viable phenotypes. To address this, we have generated a selection of stocks carrying either isogenized second chromosomes or isogenized third chromosomes, in a genetic background ...
Camps Jordi - - 2005
Most tumors show abnormal karyotypes involving either chromosome rearrangements and/or aneuploidies. The aim of our study is to measure the rate of both structural and numerical chromosome instability in two colorectal cancer cell lines: HCT116, and SW480 and its single subclones. To determine structural instability, we measured the nonclonal chromosome ...
Haines Jackie - - 2005
Apc(Min) mice have provided an example of a locus (Modifier of Min1; Mom1) modifying adenoma numbers in the intestines of inbred strains. Linkage analysis located Mom1 on chromosome 4, and further investigation identified secretory phospholipase A2 (Pla2g2a) as a candidate gene. Because of unknown variation introduced by a single founding ...
Gorringe Kylie L - - 2005
Cancer cells contain many genetic alterations, and genetic instability may be important in tumourigenesis. We evaluated 58 breast and ovarian cancer cell lines for microsatellite instability (MSI) and chromosomal instability (CIN). MSI was identified in 3/33 breast and 5/25 ovarian cell lines, and 7/8 MSI lines showed an inactivation of ...
Ducreux L J M - - 2005
A population of transgenic plants was produced by the transformation of internodal explants of Solanum phureja, DB337/37 (the cultivar Mayan Gold) using an Agrobacterium tumefaciens LBA4404-based vector containing a phytoene synthase gene (crtB). The regeneration strategy utilised a two-step protocol, with a 12-day callus induction stage mediated by 1.07 microM ...
Mackinnon M J - - 2005
Malaria parasites vary in virulence, but the effects of mosquito transmission on virulence phenotypes have not been systematically analysed. Using six lines of malaria parasite that varied widely in virulence, three of which had been serially blood-stage passaged many times, we found that mosquito transmission led to a general reduction ...
Tagashira Norikazu - - 2005
The metabolic profiles of five transgenic cucumber lines were compared taking into consideration their transgene integration sites. The plants analyzed were homozygous and contained transgenes integrated in a single locus on chromosomes I, II, III or IV. The transgenes were preferentially located in the euchromatic regions. Each of these locations ...
Kaname T - - 2005
Clones from one BAC and one PAC library carrying centromeric alphoid DNA were characterized and found to be stable but to differ according to the enzyme used to make the library. Five different clones with homogeneous alphoid DNA, derived from chromosomes 13/21, 14/22, 17 and 18, were all shown to ...
Cross Neil A - - 2005
Tumour cell cultures are often highly heterogeneous, containing sub-populations of cells with differing characteristics. To identify chromosome abnormalities that are associated with the invasive phenotype, we isolated highly invasive uveal melanoma cell populations using the Transwell assay. Using this invasion assay, invasive sub-populations of primary uveal melanoma short-term cultures, and ...
Corso C - - 2005
Hutchinson-Gilford Progeria Syndrome (HGPS) is an extremely rare genetic disorder characterized by premature ageing in childhood and serves as a valuable model for the human ageing process in general. Most recently, point mutations in the lamin A (LMNA) gene on chromosome 1q have been associated with the disease, however how ...
Bedrnicek J - - 2005
Three parental neuroblastoma cell lines and nine derived lines resistant to Vincristin, Doxorubicin and Cisplatin, respectively, using CGH were studied. CGH profiles of all three parental cell lines were obtained using DNA from a healthy volunteer as reference DNA. Labeled DNA from each of the drug resistant daughter cell lines ...
Winkler S - - 2005
Akin to the situation in humans, dogs are frequently affected by tumors of the prostate. The malignancies share many similarities between both species, for example, median age at the onset of the disease and metastatic behavior. In human prostatic tumor samples, investigations of prepared metaphase spreads showed a variety of ...
Goodison Steve - - 2005
We have previously characterized an experimental system in which the role of candidate metastasis-related genes can be screened and tested. Monoclonal cell lines M4A4 and NM2C5 originated from the MDA-MB-435 breast tumor cell line but have opposite metastatic capabilities in vivo. To investigate gross genetic changes present in this model, ...
Geigl Jochen B - - 2004
Age is the largest single risk factor for the development of cancer in mammals. Age-associated chromosomal changes, such as aneuploidy and telomere erosion, may be vitally involved in the initial steps of tumorigenesis. However, changes in gene expression specific for increased aneuploidy with age have not yet been characterized. Here, ...
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