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Searson Ruth - - 2013
In this study, a case of Dandy-Walker variant syndrome associated with trisomy 22 in a 17-year-old man is described. This is the first account of this combination in a person surviving into adulthood, and the neuropsychological and behavioural presentation is described in detail and a clinical formulation is presented for ...
Lux Jacques - - 2013
We present here the reversible, guest-controlled disproportionation of homomeric and hybrid capsules using photochemistry. The supramolecular containers are self-assembled from shallow and deep cavitand modules.
Suresh Kumar R S - - 2012
Pesticides are an essential tool in integrated pest management. Nanopermethrin was prepared by solvent evaporation from an oil-in-water volatile microemulsion. The efficacy of the formulated nanopermethrin was tested against Aedes aegypti and the results compared to those of regular, microparticular permethrin. The 24 h LC(50) for nanopermethrin and permethrin was found ...
Sabatino Laura - - 2012
In recent years, growing epidemiological evidence has linked ionizing radiation exposure to cardiovascular atherosclerotic disease. However, there are still major gaps in the knowledge of the molecular mechanisms of radiation-induced vascular disease, especially for low-dose levels. Telomeres, repetitive DNA sequences of (TTAGGG)(n) located at the ends of eukaryotic chromosomes, play ...
Sakly Amina - - 2012
Of all workers exposed globally to synthetic sources of radiation, medical personnel represent the largest group, but receive relatively low doses. Accidental or therapeutic acute radiation exposure of humans was observed to induce various forms of cytogenetic damage, including the possibility of increasing the incidence of micronuclei (MN) and chromosomal ...
Meyer Kacie J - - 2012
Autism is a neurodevelopmental disorder with a strong genetic component to susceptibility. In this study, we report the molecular characterization of an apparent de-novo 281 kb duplication of chromosome 2p25.3 in two male half-siblings with autism. The 2p25.3 duplication was first identified through a low-density microarray, validated with fluorescent in-situ ...
Orjuela Manuela A - - 2012
Exposure to naphthalene, an International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC)-classified possible carcinogen and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH), is widespread, though resulting health effects are poorly understood. Metabolites of naphthalene, 1- and 2-naphthol, are measurable in urine and are biomarkers of personal exposure. Chromosomal aberrations, including translocations, are established markers ...
Nadyrov Eldar E Republican Research Center for Radiation Medicine and Human Ecology, Gomel, - - 2012
The Belarus-American (BelAm) thyroid study cohort consists of persons who were 0-18 years of age at the time of exposure to radioactive iodine fallout from the 1986 Chernobyl nuclear power plant accident and who have undergone serial thyroid screenings with referral for fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) using standardized criteria. We ...
Ji Zhiying - - 2012
Benzene is a primary industrial chemical and a ubiquitous environmental pollutant that causes human leukemia and maybe other malignancies. Occupational exposure to benzene has been associated with increased chromosomal aneuploidies in blood lymphocytes and, in separate studies, in sperm. However, aneuploidy detection in somatic and germ cells within the same ...
Xu Chunhui - - 2012
Telomere truncation has been shown to be an efficient technology for the creation of minichromosomes, which can be used as artificial chromosome platforms for genetic engineering. Artificial chromosome based genetic engineering is considered to be superior to existing techniques of randomized gene integration by Agrobacterium or biolistic mediated genetic transformation. ...
Mendenhall Alexander R - - 2012
The level of green fluorescent protein expression from an hsp-16.2-based transcriptional reporter predicts life span and thermotolerance in Caenorhabditis elegans. The initial report used a high-copy number reporter integrated into chromosome IV. There was concern that the life-span prediction power of this reporter was not attributable solely to hsp-16.2 output. ...
Colovati Mileny Es - - 2012
The majority of Marfan syndrome (MFS) cases is caused by mutations in the fibrillin-1 gene (FBN1), mapped to chromosome 15q21.1. Only few reports on deletions including the whole FBN1 gene, detected by molecular cytogenetic techniques, were found in literature. We report here on a female patient with clinical symptoms of ...
Mohd Fadley Md A - - 2012
Chromosomal aberrations of chromosome 16 are uncommon and submicroscopic deletions have rarely been reported. At present, a cytogenetic or molecular abnormality can only be detected in 55% of Rubinstein-Taybi syndrome patients, leaving the diagnosis in 45% of patients to rest on clinical features only. Interestingly, this microdeletion of 16 p13.3 ...
Hermetz Karen E - - 2012
Chromosome rearrangements are caused by many mutational mechanisms; of these, recurrent rearrangements can be particularly informative for teasing apart DNA sequence-specific factors. Some recurrent translocations are mediated by homologous recombination between large blocks of segmental duplications on different chromosomes. Here we describe a recurrent unbalanced translocation casued by recombination between ...
Roberts Kristina A - - 2012
The vestibular apparatus of the vertebrate inner ear uses three fluid-filled semicircular canals to sense angular acceleration of the head. Malformation of these canals disrupts the sense of balance and frequently causes circling behavior in mice. The Epistatic circler (Ecl) is a complex mutant derived from wildtype SWR/J and C57L/J ...
Sousa-Neves Rui - - 2012
The fourth chromosome of Drosophila remains one of the most intractable regions of the fly genome to genetic analysis. The main difficulty posed to the genetic analyses of mutations on this chromosome arises from the fact that it does not undergo meiotic recombination, which makes recombination mapping impossible, and also ...
Dorn Jonas F - - 2011
Protein dynamics generate adaptive cellular architecture. This concept is exemplified by kinetochores, organelles that orchestrate chromosome segregation during mitosis. In this review, we will focus on protein dynamics at kinetochores and discuss how these dynamics impact chromosome motility during mitosis.
Markello Thomas C - - 2012
Whole genome sequence data for small pedigrees has been shown to provide sufficient information to resolve detailed haplotypes in small pedigrees. Using such information, recombinations can be mapped onto chromosomes, compared with the segregation of a disease of interest and used to filter genome sequence variants. We now show that ...
Hosoya Noriko - - 2012
The meiosis-specific synaptonemal complex protein SYCP3 has been reported to be aberrantly expressed in tumours. However, in contrast to its well-defined function in meiosis, its possible role in mitotic cells is entirely unknown. Here, we show that SYCP3 is expressed in a range of primary tumours and that it impairs ...
Baltz Richard H - - 2011
ϕC31, ϕBT1, R4, and TG1 are temperate bacteriophages with broad host specificity for species of the genus Streptomyces. They form lysogens by integrating site-specifically into diverse attB sites located within individual structural genes that map to the conserved core region of streptomycete linear chromosomes. The target genes containing the ϕC31, ...
Sybenga J - - 2011
Chromosomal rearrangements, including reciprocal translocations, may prevent recombinational transfer of genes from a donor genotype to a recipient, especially when the gene is located in an interstitial segment. The effect of trisomy of chromosome arm 1RS on recombination was studied in translocation heterozygote T248W of rye ( Secale cereale ), ...
Seitan Vlad C VC Lymphocyte Development Group, MRC Clinical Sciences Centre, Imperial College London, London W12 0NN, UK. - - 2012
Cohesin defines the topology of chromosomes in mitosis and meiosis by holding sister chromatids together; more recently a role for cohesin in chromatin organisation and gene expression in interphase has emerged.
Oliver Tiffany Renee TR Department of Human Genetics, Emory University School of Medicine, 615 Michael St, Suite 301, Whitehead Bldg, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA. - - 2012
We have previously examined characteristics of maternal chromosomes 21 that exhibited a single recombination on 21q and proposed that certain recombination configurations are risk factors for either meiosis I (MI) or meiosis II (MII) nondisjunction. The primary goal of this analysis was to examine characteristics of maternal chromosomes 21 that ...
Shin Hey Jin - - 2011
Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) IE1 protein associates with chromosomes in mitotic cells using its carboxyl-terminal 16-amino acid region. However, the role of this IE1 activity in viral growth has not been evaluated in the context of mutant virus infection. We produced a recombinant HCMV encoding mutant IE1 with the carboxyl-terminal chromosome-tethering ...
Noguchi Yoriko - - 2011
The t(16;21)(q24;q22), a rare chromosomal translocation observed mostly in therapy-related acute myelogenous leukemia (AML), produces a RUNX1-CBFA2T3 fusion gene. Here we report a de novo AML case of 1-year-old girl with t(16;21)(q24;q22). In this case, we demonstrated the RUNX1-CBFA2T3 fusion gene and established quantitative RT-PCR for detecting minimal residual disease.
Koma Daisuke - - 2011
We developed a method to insert multiple desired genes into target loci on the Escherichia coli chromosome. The method was based on Red-mediated recombination, flippase and the flippase recognition target recombination, and P1 transduction. Using this method, six copies of the lacZ gene could be simultaneously inserted into different loci ...
Brachet Elsa - - 2011
Meiotic recombination lies at the heart of sexual reproduction. It is essential for producing viable gametes with a normal haploid genomic content and its dysfunctions can be at the source of aneuploidies, like the Down syndrome, or many genetic disorders. Meiotic recombination generates also genetic diversity that is transmitted to ...
Gaeta Robert T - - 2012
Synthetic chromosomes provide the means to stack transgenes independently of the remainder of the genome. Combining them with haploid breeding could provide the means to transfer many transgenes more easily among varieties of the same species. The epigenetic nature of centromere formation complicates the production of synthetic chromosomes. However, telomere-mediated ...
Busygina Valeria - - 2012
During meiosis, recombination events that occur between homologous chromosomes help prepare the chromosome pairs for proper disjunction in meiosis I. The concurrent action of the Rad51 and Dmc1 recombinases is necessary for an interhomolog bias. Notably, the activity of Rad51 is tightly controlled, so as to minimize the use of ...
Hegyi Hedi - - 2011
Intrinsic protein disorder has been studied with respect to the chromosomal location of each protein in the human proteome and also in other fully sequenced organisms. We found that in all studied mammalian species the sex chromosome-coded proteins were significantly more disordered than the autosome-coded ones, the strongest discrepancy being ...
Tirado Carlos A - - 2011
Individuals with pericentric inversions are at risk for producing offspring with chromosomal gains and losses, while those carrying paracentric inversions usually produce unviable gametes [Madan, 1995]. In this current study, we present a newborn with dysmorphic features and malformations, whose karyotype showed an abnormal copy of chromomosome 7 described at ...
Chen Ying-Zhang - - 2012
Structural variations in the chromosome 22q11.2 region mediated by nonallelic homologous recombination result in 22q11.2 deletion (del22q11.2) and 22q11.2 duplication (dup22q11.2) syndromes. The majority of del22q11.2 cases have facial and cardiac malformations, immunologic impairments, specific cognitive profile and increased risk for schizophrenia and autism spectrum disorders (ASDs). The phenotype of ...
Chiyoda Tatsuyuki - - 2011
Uterine carcinosarcoma (CS) is usually classified as uterine endometrial carcinoma (EC). However, CS is more aggressive even compared with high grade EC. CS is also reported to undergo epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT). In this study, we compared the gene expression profiles of CS, EC, and uterine sarcoma (US) and ...
Pradillo Mónica - - 2011
The eukaryotic recombinases Rad51 and Dmc1 are essential for DNA strand-exchange between homologous chromosomes during meiosis. Rad51 is also expressed during mitosis and mediates homologous recombination (HR) between sister-chromatids. It has been suggested that Dmc1 might be involved in the switch from inter-sister chromatid recombination in somatic cells to inter-homolog ...
Wang Gang - - 2011
Homologous recombination in meiosis provides the evolutionary driving force in eukaryotic organisms by generating genetic variability. Meiotic recombination does not always occur evenly across the chromosome, and therefore genetic and physical distances are not consistently in proportion. We discovered a 278 kb interval on the long arm of chromosome 10 (10 ...
Zhang Dongfeng - - 2011
Stalk rot is one of the most devastating diseases in maize worldwide. In our previous study, two QTLs, a major qRfg1 and a minor qRfg2, were identified in the resistant inbred line '1145' to confer resistance to Gibberella stalk rot. In the present study, we report on fine-mapping of the ...
Stamova Boryana B Departments of Neurology, University of California at Davis, MIND Institute and Department of Neurology, 2805 50th Street, Sacramento CA 95817, USA. - - 2012
Differences in ischemic stroke between men and women have been mainly attributed to hormonal effects. However, sex differences in immune response to ischemia may exist. We hypothesized that differential expression of X-chromosome genes in blood immune cells contribute to differences between men and women with ischemic stroke. RNA levels of ...
López E - - 2011
Information concerning natural variation either in chiasma frequency or in the genetic basis of any such variation is a valuable tool to characterize phenotypic traits and their genetic control. Here meiotic recombination frequencies are analysed in nine geographically and ecologically diverse accessions of Arabidopsis thaliana, and a comparative study was ...
Uhlén Mathias - - 2012
The Human Proteome Project has been proposed to create a knowledge-based resource based on a systematical mapping of all human proteins, chromosome by chromosome, in a gene-centric manner. With this background, we here describe the systematic analysis of chromosome 21 using an antibody-based approach for protein profiling using both confocal ...
Bartosik Aneta A - - 2011
Novel vectors for cloning and shuffling of gene cassettes based on minireplicon of broad-host-range RA3 plasmid from IncU incompatibility group were constructed. A series of minireplicon variants were prepared with copy number ranging from low (1-2 copies per chromosome), medium (10-15 copies per chromosome) to high copy number (80-90 copies ...
Labella Sara - - 2011
During meiosis, chromosomes must find and align with their homologous partners. SUN and KASH-domain protein pairs play a conserved role by establishing transient linkages between chromosome ends and cytoskeletal forces across the intact nuclear envelope (NE). In C. elegans, a pairing center (PC) on each chromosome mediates homolog pairing and linkage ...
Lichten Michael - - 2011
Two high-resolution maps of meiotic recombination initiation sites across the genomes of budding yeast and mice illuminate broad similarities in the control of meiotic recombination in these diverse species but also highlight key differences. These studies offer new insights into the relationships between recombination, chromosome structure, and genome evolution.
Boente María Del Carmen - - 2011
  Two unrelated girls presented with multiple disseminated, paired, small café-au-lait spots and hypopigmented macules, suggesting didymosis (twin spotting). The girls also had growth retardation, microcephaly, hypertelorism, triangular facies, and a 46,XY, r(15) karyotype. The term cutis tricolor parvimaculata has been proposed to describe a twin spot phenomenon characterized by ...
Kirkpatrick Gordon - - 2011
Disrupted meiotic behaviour of inversion carriers may be responsible for suboptimal sperm parameters in these carriers. This study investigated meiotic recombination, synapsis, transcriptional silencing and chromosome segregation effects in a pericentric inv(1) carrier. Recombination (MLH1), synapsis (SYCP1, SYCP3) and transcriptional inactivation (γH2AX, BRCA1) were examined by fluorescence immunostaining. Chromosome specific ...
Guo Changying - - 2011
The immunoglobulin heavy-chain (IgH) gene locus undergoes radial repositioning within the nucleus and locus contraction in preparation for gene recombination. We demonstrate that IgH locus conformation involves two levels of chromosomal compaction. At the first level, the locus folds into several multilooped domains. One such domain at the 3' end ...
Sackton Timothy B - - 2011
The Drosophila Y chromosome is a degenerated, heterochromatic chromosome with few functional genes. Nonetheless, natural variation on the Y chromosome in Drosophila melanogaster has substantial trans-acting effects on the regulation of X-linked and autosomal genes. However, the contribution of Y chromosome divergence to gene expression divergence between species is unknown. ...
Xuan Yuan Hu - - 2011
Previous studies have shown that pairs of closely-linked Ac/Ds transposable elements can induce various chromosomal rearrangements in plant genomes. To study chromosomal rearrangements in rice, we isolated a line (OsRLG5-161) that contains two inversely-oriented Ds insertions in OsRLG5 (Oryza sativa Receptor like kinase Gene 5). Among approximately 300 plants regenerated ...
Sathuvalli Vidyasagar R - - 2011
European hazelnut (Corylus avellana L.) is the only economically important nut crop in the family Betulaceae. Because of its small genome size (~385 Mb / 1C), relatively short life cycle, availability of a dense linkage map, and amenability to transformation by Agrobacterium, the European hazelnut could serve as a model ...
Chan Kui Ming KM Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN 55905, - - 2011
X chromosome inactivation (XCI) is the most dramatic example of epigenetic silencing in eukaryotes. Once established, the inactivated X chromosome (Xi) remains silenced throughout subsequent cell divisions. Though the initiation of XCI has been studied extensively, the protein factors involved in Xi silencing and maintenance are largely unknown. Here we ...
Moree Ben - - 2011
Eukaryotic chromosomes segregate by attaching to microtubules of the mitotic spindle through a chromosomal microtubule binding site called the kinetochore. Kinetochores assemble on a specialized chromosomal locus termed the centromere, which is characterized by the replacement of histone H3 in centromeric nucleosomes with the essential histone H3 variant CENP-A (centromere ...
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