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Hoffman Matthew J MJ Human and Molecular Genetics Center, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI, - - 2013
A 3.7-Mb region of rat chromosome 13 (45.2-49.0 Mb) affects blood pressure (BP) in females only, indicating the presence of sex-specific BP loci in close proximity to the Renin locus. In the present study, we used a series of Dahl salt-sensitive/Mcwi-13 Brown Norway congenic rat strains to further resolve BP ...
Dong Yan - - 2013
Background & objectives: Essential hypertension is a multifactorial disorder with a complex phenotype. Here we report a susceptibility locus for the hypertension mapped by a genome-wide microsatellite scanning in an affected Chinese family, in which 11 members had hypertension before the age of 40. Methods: A total of 22 individuals ...
Flister Michael J MJ Human and Molecular Genetics Center, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI 53226, - - 2013
Renin was the first blood pressure (BP) quantitative trait locus mapped by linkage analysis in the rat. Subsequent BP linkage and congenic studies capturing different portions of the renin region have returned conflicting results, suggesting that multiple interdependent BP loci may be residing in the chromosome 13 BP quantitative trait ...
Shi Hong - - 2013
The Y-chromosome haplogroup N-M231 (Hg N) is distributed widely in eastern and central Asia, Siberia, as well as in eastern and northern Europe. Previous studies suggested a counterclockwise prehistoric migration of Hg N from eastern Asia to eastern and northern Europe. However, the root of this Y chromosome lineage and ...
Babameto-Laku A - - 2012
A patient with karyotype 46,XY,der(4) was recognized by standard cytogenetic techniques, and presented with facial features, neurological impairment and pulmonary hypertension. Multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA) demonstrated duplication of the subtelomeric region of chromosome 16p and deletion of the subtelomeric region of chromosome 4q, suggesting a translocation between 4q and ...
Menni Cristina - - 2012
OBJECTIVES:: It is well known that among hypertensive patients, an increased left ventricular mass (LVM) is a powerful predictor of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. However, the mechanisms underlying LVM in hypertension are not completely understood, as the absolute value of blood pressure and other risk factors associated do not predict ...
Portier Bryce P - - 2012
The American Society of Clinical Oncology/College of American Pathologists ERBB2 testing guidelines address several pre-analytical variables known to affect ERBB2 testing accuracy. According to 2010 updated guidelines, the pre-analytical variable of time to tissue fixation (cold ischemia time) should be kept to <1 h, however, little has been published about cold ...
Kasai F - - 2012
We report extensive chromosome homology revealed by chromosome painting between chicken (Gallus gallus domesticus, GGA, 2n = 78) macrochromosomes (representing 70% of the chicken genome) and the chromosomes of a turtle, the red-eared slider (Trachemys scripta elegans, TSC, 2n = 50), and the Nile crocodile (Crocodylus niloticus, CNI, 2n = ...
Kudapa Himabindu - - 2012
A comprehensive transcriptome assembly for pigeonpea has been developed by analyzing 128.9 million short Illumina GA IIx single end reads, 2.19 million single end FLX/454 reads, and 18 353 Sanger expressed sequenced tags from more than 16 genotypes. The resultant transcriptome assembly, referred to as CcTA v2, comprised 21 434 transcript assembly ...
Wang Kai - - 2012
In a previous study, we observed that the variations in chromosome size are due to uneven expansion and contraction by comparing the structures and sizes of a pair of homoeologous high-resolution cytogenetic maps of chromosomes 12A and 12D in tetraploid cotton. To reveal the variation at the sequence level, in ...
Izzo A - - 2012
Large duplication of the short arm of chromosome 5 is a rare condition normally associated to severe phenotype anomalies including heart and brain malformations. We report a prenatal case of a large 5p duplication with sub-telomeric deletion in a foetus with very mild phenotypic abnormalities. Foetal ultrasonographic examination at 22 ...
Asamizu Erika - - 2012
A total of 93,682 BAC-end sequences (BESs) were generated from a dwarf model tomato, cv. Micro-Tom. After removing repetitive sequences, the BESs were similarity searched against the reference tomato genome of a standard cultivar, "Heinz 1706." By referring to the "Heinz 1706" physical map and by eliminating redundant or nonsignificant ...
van der Does H Charlotte - - 2012
Several species of filamentous fungi contain so-called dispensable or supernumerary chromosomes. These chromosomes are dispensable for the fungus to survive, but may carry genes required for specialized functions, such as infection of a host plant. It has been shown that at least some dispensable chromosomes are able to transfer horizontally ...
Pohl Thomas J - - 2012
The centromeric regions of all Saccharomyces cerevisiae chromosomes are found in early replicating domains, a property conserved among centromeres in fungi and some higher eukaryotes. Surprisingly, little is known about the biological significance or the mechanism of early centromere replication; however, the extensive conservation suggests that it is important for ...
Walzer Katelyn A - - 2012
Toxoplasma gondii is an obligate intracellular parasite that can cause disease in all warm-blooded animals studied to date, including humans. Over a billion people have been infected with this parasite worldwide. In Europe and North America, Toxoplasma has a clonal population structure, where only three lineages are highly dominant (strain ...
Hara Seiichi - - 2011
Our goal in this work was to develop a method to minimize the chromosomes of Aspergillus oryzae, to arrive at a deeper understanding of essential gene functions that will help create more efficient industrially useful strains. In a previous study, we successfully constructed a highly reduced chromosome 7 using multiple ...
Dutta Usha R - - 2011
Down syndrome is a complex disorder characterized by well defined and distinctive phenotypic features. Approximately 2-3% of all live-born Down individuals are mosaics. Here we report a boy with suspected Down syndrome showing mosaicism for two different cell lines where one cell line is unexpected. The cytogenetic analysis by G-banding ...
Liu Ziji - - 2011
Powdery mildew, caused by Blumeria graminis f. sp. tritici, is an important foliar disease of wheat worldwide. Wild emmer (Triticum turgidum var. dicoccoides) is a valuable genetic resource for improving disease resistance in common wheat. A powdery mildew resistance gene conferring resistance to B. graminis f. sp. tritici isolate E09 ...
Huang Zhen - - 2011
The yellow mustard plant in Northern Shaanxi is a precious germplasm, and the yellow seed trait is controlled by a single recessive gene. In this report, amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP) and simple sequence repeat (SSR) techniques were used to identify markers linked to the brown seed locus in an ...
Vlckova M - - 2011
Proximal 6q deletions have a milder phenotype than middle and distal 6q deletions. We describe 2 patients with non-overlapping deletions of about 15 and 19 Mb, respectively, which subdivide the proximal 6q region into 2 parts. The aberrations were identified using karyotyping and analysed using mBAND and array CGH. The ...
Boutry-Kryza Nadia - - 2011
We report on clinical and cytogenetic studies in a 7-year-old child with moderate intellectual disability, short stature, mild dysmorphism, and hearing loss. R-chromosome banding showed a de novo autosomal marker originating from the 17p chromosome segment in all cells analyzed. Array comparative genome hybridization (aCGH) was used to determine the ...
Perrone M D - - 2011
Patients with distal deletions of chromosome 1q have a recognizable syndrome that includes microcephaly, hypoplasia or agenesis of the corpus callosum, and psychomotor retardation. Although these symptoms have been attributed to deletions of 1q42-1q44, the minimal chromosomal region involved has not yet defined. In this report, we describe a 7 ...
Mohler Volker - - 2011
Powdery mildew is a prevalent fungal disease affecting oat (Avena sativa L.) production in Europe. Common oat cultivar Rollo was previously shown to carry the powdery mildew resistance gene Eg-3 in common with cultivar Mostyn. The resistance gene was mapped with restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) markers from Triticeae group-1 ...
Suto Jun-Ichi - - 2011
The objectives of this study were to characterize plasma lipid phenotypes and dissect the genetic basis of plasma lipid levels in an obese DDD.Cg-A(y) mouse strain. Plasma triglyceride (TG) levels were significantly higher in the DDD.Cg-A(y) strain than in the B6.Cg-A(y) strain. In contrast, plasma total-cholesterol (CHO) levels did not ...
Kawashima Yui - - 2012
A genome survey of polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA)-producing Ralstonia eutropha H16 detected the presence of 16 orthologs of R-specific enoyl coenzyme A (enoyl-CoA) hydratase, among which three proteins shared high homologies with the enzyme specific to enoyl-CoAs of medium chain length encoded by phaJ4 from Pseudomonas aeruginosa (phaJ4(Pa)). The recombinant forms of ...
Kooistra Megan K - - 2011
Although neural tube defects (NTDs) are common in humans, little is known about their multifactorial genetic causes. While most mouse models involve NTDs caused by a single mutated gene, we have previously described a multigenic system involving susceptibility to NTDs. In mice with a mutation in Cecr2, the cranial NTD ...
Azhaguvel Perumal - - 2011
The greenbug, Schizaphis graminum (Rondani), is an important aphid pest of small grain crops especially wheat (Triticum aestivum L., 2n = 6x = 42, genomes AABBDD) in many parts of the world. The greenbug-resistance gene Gb3 originated from Aegilops tauschii Coss. (2n = 2x = 14, genome D(t)D(t)) has shown consistent and durable resistance against prevailing greenbug biotypes ...
Kawaoka Shinpei - - 2011
In the silkworm, Bombyx mori, the W chromosome plays a dominant role in female determination. However, neither protein-coding genes nor transcripts have so far been isolated from the W chromosome. Instead, a large amount of functional transposable elements and their remnants are accumulated on the W chromosome. PIWI-interacting RNAs (piRNAs) ...
Zhang Wei-Wei - - 2011
The high-density consensus map was constructed based on the GY14 × PI 183967 map from an inter-subspecific cross and the extended S94 × S06 map from an intra-subspecific cross. The consensus map was composed of 1,369 loci, including 1,152 SSR loci, 192 SRAP loci, 21 SCAR loci and one STS locus as well as ...
Srikulnath Kornsorn - - 2011
Chromosomal mapping of the butterfly lizards Leiolepis belliana belliana and L. boehmei was done using the 18S-28S and 5S rRNA genes and telomeric (TTAGGG)n sequences. The karyotype of L. b. belliana was 2n = 36, whereas that of L. boehmei was 2n = 34. The 18S-28S rRNA genes were located ...
Shahinnia Fahimeh - - 2011
Spike density in barley is under the control of several major genes, as documented previously by genetic analysis of a number of morphological mutants. One such class of mutants affects the rachis internode length leading to dense or compact spikes and the underlying genes were designated dense spike (dsp). We ...
Lee Ji-Yun - - 2011
Pure subtelomeric deletion of the long arm of chromosome 6 is rare. The frequency of this deletion accounts for approximately 0.05% of subjects with intellectual disability and developmental delay with or without dysmorphic features. Common phenotypes associated with this deletion include intellectual disability, developmental delay, dysmorphic features, seizure, hypotonia, microcephaly ...
Larson Steven R - - 2011
Allotetraploid (2n = 4x = 28) Leymus triticoides and Leymus cinereus are divergent perennial grasses, which form fertile hybrids. Genetic maps with n = 14 linkage groups (LG) comprised with 1,583 AFLP and 67 heterologous anchor markers were previously used for mapping quantitative trait loci (QTLs) in these hybrids, and chromosomes of other Leymus wildryes have ...
Christopoulou G - - 2011
Ring chromosomes are rare cytogenetic findings and are mostly associated with an abnormal phenotype. We report on the prenatal diagnosis of a ring chromosome 10 in a fetus in which talipes equinovarus was incidentally found during routine obstetric ultrasound at 22 weeks of gestation. Amniocentesis was undertaken and cytogenetic analysis ...
Alesi Viola - - 2011
Interstitial deletion of the short arm of chromosome 4, excluding cytoband p16, has been described as a distinct phenotype from the Wolf-Hirschhorn syndrome, characterized by a deletion encompassing cytoband p16. We report on the case of a 14-month-old boy with an apparently isolated craniosynostosis and harboring a de novo microdeletion ...
Yanamoto Toshiaki - - 2011
Eukaryotic cells are characterized by very large chromosomal DNAs efficiently packed within the nucleus. To identify the mechanism of chromosomal packaging based on the uniqueness of the centromere region in Saccharomyces cerevisiae, we isolated the HCH6 mutant, which shows 2.5-fold higher efficiency of site-specific recombination between the CEN5 and HIS3 ...
Lucas Stuart J - - 2011
Bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) is one of the most important crops globally and a high priority for genetic improvement, but its large and complex genome has been seen as intractable to whole genome sequencing. Isolation of individual wheat chromosome arms has facilitated large-scale sequence analyses. However, so far there ...
Chen Chih-Ping - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To present molecular cytogenetic characterization of a prenatally detected duplication of 15q26.2→q26.3 in a fetus with overgrowth. CASE REPORT: A 34-year-old para 0 woman underwent amniocentesis at 18 weeks of gestation because of advanced maternal age. Amniocentesis revealed a derivative chromosome 15, or der(15), with additional material at the ...
Joost K - - 2011
Background: Females with a total or partial deletion of the short arm of the X chromosome have variable features of Turner syndrome, but mental retardation (MR) rarely occurs. The haploinsufficiency of deleted genes that escape X-inactivation may explain the occurrence of MR and autism. Ornithine transcarbamylase (OTC) deficiency is the ...
Umm-E-Kalsoom - - 2011
Postaxial Polydactyly (PAP) is characterized by fifth digit duplication in hands and/or feet. Two types of PAP including PAP-A, representing the development of well-formed extra digit, and PAP-B, representing the presence of rudimentary fifth digit, have been described. Both isolated and syndromic forms of PAP have been reported. Isolated forms ...
Jo Kwang-Ryong - - 2011
The use of resistant varieties is an important tool in the management of late blight, which threatens potato production worldwide. Clone MaR8 from the Mastenbroek differential set has strong resistance to Phytophthora infestans, the causal agent of late blight. The F1 progeny of a cross between the susceptible cultivar Concurrent ...
Sue Masayuki - - 2011
Benzoxazinones (Bxs) are major defensive secondary metabolites in wheat (Triticum aestivum), rye (Secale cereale), and maize (Zea mays). Here, we identified full sets of homeologous and paralogous genes encoding Bx glucosyltransferase (GT) and Bx-glucoside glucosidase (Glu) in hexaploid wheat (2n = 6x = 42; AABBDD). Four GT loci (TaGTa-TaGTd) were ...
Fusco Francesca - - 2011
BACKGROUND Diminished ovarian reserve (DOR) is a heterogeneous disorder causing infertility, characterized by a decreased number of oocytes, the genetic cause of which is still unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS We describe a family with a new unbalanced X;18 translocation der(X) associated with either fully attenuated or DOR phenotype in the ...
Suto Jun-Ichi - - 2011
In the present study, dissection of genetic bases of testis weight in mice was performed. Autosomes and the X chromosome were searched using traditional quantitative trait locus (QTL) scans, and the Y chromosome was searched by association studies of Y-consomic strains. QTL analysis was performed in ♀DDD × ♂CBA F(2) mice; the ...
Sheltzer Jason M - - 2011
Aneuploidy decreases cellular fitness, yet it is also associated with cancer, a disease of enhanced proliferative capacity. To investigate one mechanism by which aneuploidy could contribute to tumorigenesis, we examined the effects of aneuploidy on genomic stability. We analyzed 13 budding yeast strains that carry extra copies of single chromosomes ...
Simino Jeannette J Division of Biostatistics, Washington University School of Medicine, Saint Louis, Missouri, - - 2011
A recent meta-analysis of genome-wide linkage scans of blood pressure (BP) in the large (N = 13,044) Family Blood Pressure Program (FBPP) identified five quantitative trait loci (QTLs) on chromosomes 6, 8, 20, and 21. We conducted follow-up fine mapping studies in 1,251 African (AA) and 1,254 European American (EA) ...
Hao Yuanfeng - - 2011
Stripe rust, caused by Puccinia striiformis f. sp. tritici, is an important disease of soft red winter wheat in the eastern region of the USA. Pioneer 26R61 has provided effective resistance to stripe rust for 10 years. To elucidate the genetic basis of the resistance, a mapping population of 178 recombinant ...
Bian X F - - 2011
Heading date in rice is an important agronomic trait controlled by several genes. In this study, flowering time of variety Dianjingyou 1 (DJY1) was earlier than a near-isogenic line (named NIL) carried chromosome segment from African rice on chromosome 3S, when grown in both long-day (LD) and short-day (SD) conditions. ...
Kim Sunggil - - 2011
Inheritance of resistance to downy mildew (Hyaloperonospora parasitica) in Chinese cabbage (Brassica rapa ssp. pekinensis) was studied using inbred parental lines RS1 and SS1 that display strong resistance and severe susceptibility, respectively. F(1), F(2), and BC(1)F(1) populations were evaluated for their responses to downy mildew infection. Resistance to downy mildew ...
Perry Alexander - - 2011
The Giardia lamblia genome consists of 12Mb divided among 5 chromosomes ranging in size from approximately 1 to 4Mb. The assembled contigs of the genotype A1 isolate, WB, were previously mapped along the 5 chromosomes on the basis of hybridization of plasmid clones representing the contigs to chromosomes separated by ...
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