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Ma Jian J CSIRO Agriculture Flagship, 306 Carmody Road, St Lucia, QLD 4067, Australia Triticeae Research Institute, Sichuan Agricultural University, Wenjiang, Chengdu 611130, - - 2014
The bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) genotype 'Chinese Spring' ('CS') is the reference base in wheat genetics and genomics. Pericentric rearrangements in this genotype were systematically assessed by analysing homoeoloci for a set of non-redundant genes from Brachypodium distachyon, Triticum urartu and Aegilops tauschii in the 'CS' chromosome shotgun sequence ...
Howell Tyson T Department of Plant Sciences, University of California, Davis, CA, 95616, - - 2014
This study identifies a small distal region of the 1RS chromosome from rye that has a positive impact on wheat yield. The translocation of the short arm of rye (Secale cereale L.) chromosome one (1RS) onto wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) chromosome 1B (1RS.1BL) is used in wheat breeding programs worldwide ...
Wang Yuquan Y Crop Genomics and Bioinformatics Center and National Key Lab of Crop Genetics and Germplasm Enhancement, College of Agricultural Sciences, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing, 210095, China; Key Laboratory of Crop Gene Resources and Germplasm Enhancement, Ministry of Agriculture / Institute of Crop Science, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing 100081, - - 2014
Spike number per unit area, number of grains per spike, and thousand-kernel weight (TKW) are important yield components for wheat. TKW has the highest heritability among the three components. We validated 27 SSR loci associated with TKW in an F2:5 breeding population grown in four environments. A cfd78265 bp marker ...
Li Guang-Rong GR School of Life Science and Technology, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu, - - 2014
The introduction of genetic variation from wild and cultivated Triticeae species has been a long-standing approach for wheat improvement. Dasypyrumbreviaristatum species harbor novel and agronomically important genes for resistance against multi-fungal diseases. The development of new wheat-D. breviaristatum introgression lines offers chances for the identification of stripe rust resistance gene(s). ...
Nishijima Ryo - - 2014
BackgroundCuticular wax production on plant surfaces confers a glaucous appearance and plays important roles in plant stress tolerance. Most common wheat cultivars, which are hexaploid, and most tetraploid wheat cultivars are glaucous; in contrast, a wild wheat progenitor, Aegilops tauschii, can be glaucous or non-glaucous. A dominant non-glaucous allele, Iw2, ...
Liu Gang G State Key Laboratory for Agrobiotechnology and Key Laboratory of Crop Heterosis and Utilization (MOE), Key Laboratory of Crop Genomics and Genetic Improvement (MOA), Beijing Key Laboratory of Crop Genetic Improvement, National Plant Gene Research Centre (Beijing), China Agricultural University, Yuanmingyuan Xi Road NO. 2, Haidian district, 100193, Beijing, - - 2014
QTLs controlling yield-related traits were mapped using a population derived from common wheat and Tibetan semi-wild wheat and they provided valuable information for using Tibetan semi-wild wheat in future wheat molecular breeding. Tibetan semi-wild wheat (Triticum aestivum ssp tibetanum Shao) is a kind of primitive hexaploid wheat and harbors several ...
Fu Shulan S Key Laboratory of Plant Breeding and Genetics, Sichuan Agricultural University, Wenjiang, Chengdu, 611130, Sichuan, People's Republic of China, - - 2014
Powdery mildew is one of the serious diseases of wheat (Triticum aestivum L., 2n = 6 × = 42, genomes AABBDD). Rye (Secale cereale L., 2n = 2 × = 14, genome RR) offers a rich reservoir of powdery mildew resistant genes for wheat breeding program. However, extensive use of these resistant genes may render them susceptible to new pathogen ...
Fang Yuhui Y State Key Laboratory of Crop Genetics and Germplasm Enhancement, Cytogenetics Institute, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095, China; Wheat Research Center, Henan Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Zhengzhou 450002, - - 2014
Hordeum californicum (2n = 2x = 14, HH) is resistant to several wheat diseases and tolerant to lower nitrogen. In this study, a molecular karyotype of H. californicum chromosomes in the Triticum aestivum L. cv. Chinese Spring (CS)-H. californicum amphidiploid (2n = 6x = 56, AABBDDHH) was established. By genomic in situ hybridization (GISH) and multicolor fluorescent in ...
Dominguez Antonia A AA 1] Department of Genetics; Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology; Institute for Stem Cell Biology and Regenerative Medicine, Stanford University, CA, USA - - 2014
Turner syndrome is caused by complete or partial loss of the second sex chromosome and is characterized by spontaneous fetal loss in >90% of conceptions. Survivors possess an array of somatic and germline clinical characteristics. Induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) offer an opportunity for insight into genetic requirements of the ...
Tang Zongxiang Z Agronomy College, Sichuan Agricultural University, Wenjiang, Chengdu, Sichuan, - - 2014
Chromosomal rearrangements induced by wheat-rye hybridization is a very well investigated research topic. However, the structural alterations of wheat chromosomes in wheat-rye hybrids are seldom reported. Octoploid triticale lines were derived from common wheat Triticum. aestivum L. 'Mianyang11'×rye Secale cereale L. 'Kustro'. Some progeny were obtained by the controlled backcrossing ...
Kroener Lindsay - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationship between aneuploidy and timing of blastocyst formation. DESIGN: Historical cohort study. SETTING: Private IVF clinic. PATIENT(S): Ninety-four couples undergoing IVF treatment in combination with chromosomal screening of embryos. The mean maternal age was 39.2 years and average number of embryos per patient 5.3. INTERVENTION(S): A ...
Brodie D - - 2012
Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis (PGD) has proven to be a useful reproductive option for carriers of some chromosome rearrangements. The data presented in this study compares the impact of one versus two blastomere biopsy on the likelihood of achieving a PGD result, as well as the effect on subsequent embryo development ...
Rahman Shakeel M - - 2012
Introduction Published guidance recommends that all girls with inguinal hernia should be screened for complete androgen insensitivity syndrome (CAIS). We report a novel, noninvasive screening technique.Methods Retrospective review of all girls undergoing inguinal herniotomy from April 2009 to October 2010. Those screened using the novel technique of extraction of Y ...
Ho Sherry S Y - - 2012
Rapid molecular prenatal diagnostic methods, such as fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), quantitative fluorescence-PCR, and multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification, can detect common fetal aneuploidies within 24 to 48 h. However, specific diagnosis or aneuploidy exclusion should be ideally available within the same day as fetal sampling to alleviate parental anxiety. Microfluidic ...
Kiyota Miki - - 2012
We retrospectively investigated the prognostic impact of high-risk cytogenetic abnormalities (CAs) on the outcome of treatment with bortezomib plus dexamethasone (BD) in 43 relapsed/refractory (Rel/Ref) multiple myeloma patients. Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) analysis identified del(13q) in 25 patients, t(4;14) in 14, t(14;16) in 4, 1q21 abnormality in 12 and ...
Zheng Z P - - 2012
Days to silking (DTS) is one of the most important traits in maize (Zea mays). To investigate its genetic basis, a recombinant inbred line population was subjected to high and low nitrogen (N) regimes to detect quantitative trait loci (QTLs) associated with DTS. Three QTLs were identified under the high ...
Jandova V - - 2012
Despite the evidence for a genetic predisposition to develop equine sarcoids (ES), no whole genome scan for ES has been performed to date. The objective of this explorative study was to identify chromosome regions associated with ES. The studied population was comprised of two half-sibling sire families, involving a total ...
Das P J - - 2011
Sex chromosome aberrations commonly lead to abnormal sexual development. Here we cytogenetically and molecularly characterized Y isochromosome in an intersex horse. Blood lymphocyte analysis showed a mosaic karyotype with 96% 63,XO and 4% 64,Xi(Y) cells. Molecular analysis of the isochromosome was carried out by fluorescence in situ hybridization and polymerase ...
Ekblom Robert - - 2011
Genes of the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) have received much attention in immunology, genetics, and ecology because they are highly polymorphic and play important roles in parasite resistance and mate choice. Until recently, the MHC of passerine birds was not well-described. However, the genome sequencing of the zebra finch (Taeniopygia ...
Xiong Zhiyong - - 2011
Investigating recombination of homoeologous chromosomes in allopolyploid species is central to understanding plant breeding and evolution. However, examining chromosome pairing in the allotetraploid Brassica napus has been hampered by the lack of chromosome-specific molecular probes. In this study, we establish the identification of all homoeologous chromosomes of allopolyploid B. napus ...
Mizuno Seiya - - 2010
Agenesis of the corpus callosum (ACC) is a congenital abnormality of the brain structure. We have produced transgenic mice expressing both reverse tetracycline-controlled transactivator (rtTA) and transcriptional silencer (tTS) ubiquitously. Although the transgene products do not affect development of the mouse brain, one of the founder lines, TAS, showed ACC, ...
Sterkers Yvon - - 2011
The protozoan parasite Leishmania is generally considered to be diploid, although a few chromosomes have been described as aneuploid. Using fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), we determined the number of homologous chromosomes per individual cell in L. major (i) during interphase and (ii) during mitosis. We show that, in Leishmania, ...
Kashork Catherine D - - 2010
This unit describes the various methods by which cytogeneticists detect chromosome abnormalities. The unit offers guidance for detecting such abnormalities with fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), as well as the benefits, limitations, and other applications of FISH.
Li Yu-Hong - - 2011
Metastatic colorectal cancer patients with low epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) gene copy number are unlikely to respond to anti-EGFR monoclonal antibody (mAb) treatment. The objective of this study was to investigate EGFR fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) patterns of chromosome 7 disomy with efficacy of cetuximab therapy in metastatic ...
Voltolin Tatiana Aparecida - - 2010
In Prochilodus lineatus B-chromosomes are visualized as reduced size extra elements identified as microchromosomes and are variable in morphology and number. We describe the specific total probe (B-chromosome probe) in P. lineatus obtained by chromosome microdissection and a whole genomic probe (genomic probe) from an individual without B-chromosome. The specific ...
Patton Kirralee - - 2010
X chromosome aneuploidy <10% in female patients is a routinely used reporting limit in diagnostic cytogenetics. X aneuploidy (<10%) is commonly detected in women investigated for infertility or recurrent miscarriages. It is unclear if this aneuploidy is causally relevant or related to the culture process. Information about the background rate ...
Scriven P N - - 2010
The aim of this study was to develop and use theoretical models to investigate the accuracy of the fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) technique in testing a single nucleus from a preimplantation embryo without the complicating effect of mosaicism. Mathematical models were constructed for three different applications of FISH in ...
Szinay D - - 2010
This paper describes the use of advanced fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) technologies for genomics and breeding of tomato and related Solanum species. The first part deals with the major determinants of FISH technology: (1) spatial resolution, which depends on the diffraction limit of the microscope and the type of ...
Folkins Ann - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The introduction of p57 immunohistochemistry has aided the distinction between early complete moles (CMs) and hydropic abortus (HA), but no single technique has emerged for the distinction between early partial moles (PMs) and HA. Flow cytometry and cytogenetics have been used, but these require specialized equipment/expertise. The goal of ...
Motoi Toru - - 2010
Pathological diagnosis of synovial sarcoma is often problematic due to its broad spectrum of histology. Because synovial sarcoma consistently carries a specific chromosomal translocation, t(X;18), and its derivative chimeric gene, either SS18-SSX1 or SS18-SSX2, detecting these abnormalities by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction or fluorescence in situ hybridization has been ...
Zanardi Andrea - - 2010
Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) represents a major step in the analysis of chromosomal aberrations in cancer. It allows the precise detection of specific rearrangements, both for diagnostic and prognostic purposes. Here we present a miniaturized FISH method performed on fresh and fixed hematological samples. This procedure has been developed ...
Krylov Vladimir - - 2010
Laser microdissection was used for the preparation of whole chromosome painting probes in Silurana (Xenopus) tropicalis. Subsequent cross-species fluorescence in situ hybridization (Zoo-FISH) on its tetraploid relative Xenopus laevis revealed persistence of chromosomal quartets even after 50-65 million years of separate evolution. Their arrangement is in a partial concordance with ...
Bugno-Poniewierska Monika - - 2010
The results obtained in the present study made it possible to place selected markers responsible for development of the nervous and skeletal systems on the physical map of the donkey genome. Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) was used to localize genes such as GDF5 (15q13), FRZB (4q23.1), TWIST (1q31), PAX6 ...
Wang Xingwei X Department of Radiology, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, PA, 15213, - - 2010
The numerical and/or structural deviation of some chromosomes (i.e., monosomy and _polysomy of chromosomes 3 and X) are routinely used as positive genetic biomarkers to diagnose cervical cancer and predict the disease progression. Among the available diagnostic methods to analyze the aneusomy of chromosomes 3 and X, fluorescence in situ ...
Karyagyna Anna S AS NF Gamaleya Research Institute of Epidemiology and Microbiology, Russian Academy of Medical Sciences, Institute of Agricultural Biotechnology, Moscow, Russia. - - 2010
Affymetrix microarrays measure gene expression based on the intensity of hybridization of a panel of oligonucleotide probes (probe set) with mRNA. The signals from all probes within a probe set are converted into a single measure that represents the expression value of a gene. This step diminishes the number of ...
Yoo Jung-Wan - - 2010
To evaluate the prognostic importance of chromosomal instability (CIN) in squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the lung, the relationship between CIN detected by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and survival in SCC patients was examined. Forty-seven surgical specimens of lung SCC were analyzed. To identify tumors with CIN, p16 and ...
Contreras-Dominguez Monica - - 2010
Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) has been used extensively in the study of nuclear organization and gene positioning in Plasmodium falciparum. While performing FISH with published protocols, we observed large variations in parasite nuclear morphology. We hypothesized that these inconsistencies might be due to the type of parasite preparation prior ...
Findley Seth D - - 2010
The development of a universal soybean (Glycine max [L.] Merr.) cytogenetic map that associates classical genetic linkage groups, molecular linkage groups, and a sequence-based physical map with the karyotype has been impeded due to the soybean chromosomes themselves, which are small and morphologically homogeneous. To overcome this obstacle, we screened ...
Isaac Anjeli Krishnan - - 2010
Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) often reveals imbalanced chromosomal gains in melanoma, whereas Spitz nevi typically have a normal complement of chromosomes. However, there may be a subset of Spitz nevi that are perfectly tetraploid by FISH analysis, and these cases may be confused diagnostically with melanoma. This study evaluates ...
Czernicka MaƂgorzata - - 2010
Genomic in situ hybridization (GISH) has been proved to be the most effective and accurate technique for confirmation of hybrid character. The objective of our study was to adapt and optimize a GISH protocol for identification of donor chromatin in hybrids obtained by interspecific crosses between five Rhododendron taxa (R. ...
Bourthoumieu S - - 2010
We report here on a familial case of centromeric heteromorphism of chromosome 18 detected by prenatal interphase fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) analysis transmitted by the mother to her fetus, and resulting in complete loss of one 18 signal. The prenatal diagnosis was performed by interphase FISH (AneuVysion probe set, ...
Kawauchi S - - 2011
Abstract The accuracy of comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) analysis is affected by hybridization efficiency. We describe here a simple method for enhancing hybridization efficiency. The hybridization procedure is essentially the same as that of conventional methods. Hybridization solution containing denatured DNA probe mixture was applied to a metaphase chromosome slide ...
Svyryd Yevgeniya - - 2012
Female predominance is a common characteristic for autoimmune diseases attributed to the combined effect of hormonal influence and genetic factors. Since X chromosome has immunologically important genes, the age related X chromosome loss could contribute to the development of autoimmunity. X chromosome monosomy (XCM) has been associated with primary biliary ...
Pimpinelli Sergio - - 2010
The fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) technique permits fine mapping of both middle and highly repetitive DNA sequences along Drosophila melanogaster heterochromatin. Best results are obtained when this technique is coupled with DAPI staining and digital recording of fluorescent signals. For example, if digital images of the FISH signals and ...
Pacanaro Ade Nubia Xavier - - 2010
Supernumerary marker chromosomes (sSMC) may or may not be associated with an abnormal phenotype, depending on the presence of euchromatin, on their chromosomal origin and whether they are inherited. Over 80% of sSMCs are derived from acrocentric chromosomes and half of them include the short arm of chromosome 15. Generally, ...
Savic Spasenija - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Distinction of malignant mesothelioma (MM) from reactive mesothelial cells (RM) in effusions is notoriously difficult. The aim of our study was to test chromosomal aberrations detected by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) in the diagnosis of MM in effusion cytology and to explore the potential role of p16, p14, ...
Hoff Kirsten - - 2010
The overall purpose of the study was to demonstrate applicability of the DAKO dual-color chromogenic in situ hybridization (CISH) assay (DAKO Denmark, Glostrup) with respect to 4 fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) probes: MYC (c-MYC), EGFR, ERBB2 (HER2), and TOP2A. The study showed that the dual-color CISH assay can convert ...
Dalton Scott R SR Department of Pathology, Wilford Hall Medical Center, Lackland AFB, TX, - - 2010
With the increase in sentinel lymph node biopsies in melanoma patients, pathologists are frequently confronted with small deposits of morphologically bland melanocytes in the node, which occasionally cannot be readily classified as benign nodal nevi or melanoma. As most melanomas harbor characteristic chromosomal aberrations which can be used to distinguish ...
Anderson Rhona - - 2010
Multiplex in situ hybridization (M-FISH) is a 24-color karyotyping technique and is the method of choice for studying complex interchromosomal rearrangements. The process involves three major steps. Firstly, the multiplex labeling of all chromosomes in the genome with finite numbers of spectrally distinct fluorophores in a combinatorial fashion, such that ...
Jefferson Andrew - - 2010
This chapter concentrates on the use of fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) for genomic investigations in the laboratory rat (Rattus norvegicus). The selection of protocols included in the chapter has been inspired by a comprehensive range of previously published molecular cytogenetic studies on this model organism, reporting examples of how ...
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