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Erickson Priscilla A PA Department of Molecular and Cell Biology, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, - - 2014
In convergent evolution, similar phenotypes evolve repeatedly in independent populations, often reflecting adaptation to similar environments. Understanding whether convergent evolution proceeds via similar or different genetic and developmental mechanisms offers insight towards the repeatability and predictability of evolution. Oceanic populations of threespine stickleback fish, Gasterosteus aculeatus, have repeatedly colonized countless ...
Aypar Umut U Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, - - 2014
The t(3;5)(q25;q35) NPM1/MLF1 fusion has an incidence of approximately 0.5% in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and has an intermediate prognosis at diagnosis. We have developed a dual-color, double-fusion fluorescence in situ hybridization (D-FISH) assay to detect fusion of the MLF1 and NPM1 genes. A blinded investigation was performed using 25 ...
Caltagirone Simona S A.O. Citta' della Salute e della Scienza di Torino, - - 2014
Multiple Myeloma is a plasma cell disorder, characterized by malignant plasma cell infiltration in the bone marrow, serum and/or urine monoclonal protein and organ damage. The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of chromosome 1 abnormalities in a group of elderly (>65 years) newly diagnosed Multiple Myeloma ...
Masihi Sara S Depatment of Obstetric and Gynecology, Fertility Infertility and Perinatology Research Center, Ahvaz Jundishapour University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, - - 2014
Fetal nasal bone assessment is a non-invasive procedure that helps provide even greater assurance to patients undergoing their first trimester risk assessment for aneuploidies. Absence or presence of this factor is different in some races. The study was aimed to evaluate nasal bone in the first trimester of pregnancy in ...
Han Eunhee E Department of Laboratory Medicine, Catholic Blood and Marrow Transplantation Center, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, - - 2014
The coexistence of t(9;22)(q34;q11.2) and inv(16)(p13q22) chromosomal abnormalities is extremely uncommon, and only a small number of such cases have been reported. Here, we characterized 7 cases of hematologic malignancy exhibiting t(9;22) and inv(16) coexistence. We reviewed the cytogenetic data for hematologic malignancies treated at the Catholic Blood and Marrow ...
Wang Lishi L Department of Orthopedic Surgery and BioMedical Engineering, Campbell-Clinic, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, Tennessee, United States of America ; Department of Basic Medicine, Inner Mongolia Medical University, Huhhot, Inner Mongolia, P.R. - - 2014
The objective of our study was to identify genetic factors that regulate bone mineral density (BMD) in mice using well defined recombinant inbred strains. For this purpose we chose the BXD recombinant inbred (RI) strains derived from progeny of the C57BL/6J (B6) and DBA/2J (D2) progenitor strains. We sampled both ...
Raveendran Sureshkumar S Division of Cancer Research, Regional Cancer Centre, Medical College, Trivandrum, Kerala, - - 2014
Acute lymphoblastic leukemia is a malignant disease of the bone marrow in which early lymphoid precursors proliferate and replace the normal hematopoietic cells of the marrow. We describe the clinical, morphologic, immunophenotypic and cytogenetic findings in the case of a 26-year-old man with B-lymphoblastic leukemia. Surface marker analysis revealed that ...
Sharma Ujjawal U Department of Biochemistry, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, - - 2014
Alkaline phosphatase (ALP; E.C.3.I.3.1.) is an ubiquitous membrane-bound glycoprotein that catalyzes the hydrolysis of phosphate monoesters at basic pH values. Alkaline phosphatase is divided into four isozymes depending upon the site of tissue expression that are Intestinal ALP, Placental ALP, Germ cell ALP and tissue nonspecific alkaline phosphatase or liver/bone/kidney ...
Ferguson J S - - 2013
We report the case of a male patient presenting with eosinophilia, pulmonary oedema and eosinophilic fasciitis (EF). He had the classic clinical appearance and magnetic resonance imaging of EF. Cytogenetic analysis of the bone marrow revealed a previously undescribed pericentric inversion of chromosome 5. Overall, the presentation was consistent with ...
Borra V M - - 2013
X-linked calvarial hyperostosis is a rare disorder characterized by isolated calvarial thickening. Symptoms are prominent frontoparietal bones, a flat nasal root and a short upturned nose, a high forehead with ridging of the metopic and sagittal sutures, and lateral frontal prominences. The mandible is normal, as are the clavicles, pelvis ...
Blassnig-Ezeh Anya - - 2013
Interstitial duplications of the short arm of chromosome 2 have been rarely described. Here, we report on two unrelated patients with overlapping chromosome 2p16 → p22 de novo microduplications found by SNP-array analysis. The affected individuals were an 8-year-3-month-old boy with a direct duplication of approximately 14.6 Mb harboring 63 genes, and a ...
Haas Cordula - - 2013
Jörg Jenatsch was a Swiss defender of independence and a fighter for liberty in the 17th century. With the help of three living male members of the Jenatsch family, we successfully identified a skeleton exhumed from Chur cathedral as the remains of Jörg Jenatsch. Our conclusion was based upon complete ...
Podisi B K - - 2012
1. An F(2) cross of a broiler male line and a White Leghorn layer line was used to identify quantitative trait loci (QTL) for bone density at the onset of lay and at the end of the laying period. A total of 686 measures of humeral bone density were available ...
Beach Douglas F - - 2012
A nonrandom structural gain of 1q may be seen in myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) and acute myeloid leukemia (AML), and often it is due to an unbalanced translocation. Dup(1)(q21q32) as the sole abnormality has only rarely been reported. Reports have suggested that the dup(1)(q21q32) is predictive of a poor prognosis. We ...
Nishi Takeki - - 2012
The analysis of X-chromosomal short tandem repeat (X-STR) polymorphisms has been the focus of attention in several researches, mainly due to its applicability in the investigation of complex kinship cases. A new 12 X-STR multiplex system (GATA172D05, DXS7423, DSX6809, DXS10134, DXS7132, DXS9902, DXS6789, DXS10074, DXS8378, DXS9898, DXS10147, and GATA31E08) was ...
Sethi Neha N Department of Pathology, Lady Hardinge Medical College, New Delhi, India ; 209, Type III, Ayurvigyan Nagar, New Delhi, - - 2013
Juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia (JMML) is a rare fatal hematopoietic disorder of early childhood. We are presenting a case of 9-month-old female child who was admitted with abdominal distension, irritability, and hepatosplenomegaly. Peripheral blood film examination showed leukoerythroblastosis with leukocytosis, absolute monocytosis, microcytic hypo chromic anemia, and thrombocytopenia. Bone marrow examination ...
Dymond Jessica - - 2012
We have recently reported the first partially synthetic eukaryotic genome. Saccharomyces cerevisiae chromosomes synIXR and semi-synVIL are fully synthetic versions of the right arm of chromosome IX and the telomeric segment of the left arm of chromosome VI, respectively, and represent the beginning of the synthetic yeast genome project, Sc2.0, ...
Passot Fanny M - - 2012
How split genomes arise and evolve in bacteria is poorly understood. Since each replicon of such genomes encodes a specific partition (Par) system, the evolution of Par systems could shed light on their evolution. The cystic fibrosis pathogen Burkholderia cenocepacia has three chromosomes (c1, c2, and c3) and one plasmid ...
Mohamad K - - 2012
Both Bos indicus (zebu) and Bos javanicus (banteng) contribute to the Indonesian indigenous livestock, which is supposedly of a mixed species origin, not by direct breeding but by secondary cross-breeding. Here, the analysis of mitochondrial, Y-chromosomal and microsatellite DNA showed banteng introgression of 10-16% in Indonesian zebu breeds with East-Javanese ...
Murphy Kenan C - - 2012
The homologous recombination systems of linear double-stranded (ds)DNA bacteriophages are required for the generation of genetic diversity, the repair of dsDNA breaks, and the formation of concatemeric chromosomes, the immediate precursor to packaging. These systems have been studied for decades as a means to understand the basic principles of homologous ...
Hawken R J - - 2011
The genetics of reproduction is poorly understood because the heritabilities of traits currently recorded are low. In order to elucidate the genetics underlying reproduction in beef cattle we performed a genome wide association study using the bovine SNP50 chip in two tropically adapted beef cattle breeds; Brahman and Tropical Composites. ...
Pauciullo A - - 2011
In vitro-matured metaphase II (MII) oocytes with corresponding first polar bodies (I pb) from two indigenous cattle (Bos taurus) breeds have been investigated to provide specific data upon the incidence of aneuploidy. A total of 165 and 140 in vitro-matured MII oocytes of the Podolian (PO) and Maremmana (MA) breeds, ...
Silva A A - - 2011
Fourteen Brazilian Gir sire families with 657 daughters were analyzed for quantitative trait loci (QTL) on chromosome 6 affecting lactose and total solids. Cows and sires were genotyped with 27 microsatellites with a mean spacing between markers of 4.9 cM. We used a 1% chromosome-wide threshold for QTL qualification. A ...
Marwah Nisha - - 2012
We report a case of a newborn male who had mongoloid slant and was hypotonic at birth. Routine investigations revealed leucocytosis (WBC > 70,000/cmm) with 50% blasts in peripheral blood film. Marrow examination confirmed the excess of blasts. Karyotyping revealed 47, XY + 21 chromosomes. Due to absence of clinical symptoms, the baby was ...
Lee Nam-Jin - - 2011
Although the nutritional composition and health status after consumption of the meat and milk derived from both conventionally bred (normal) and somatic cell nuclear transferred (cloned) animals and their progeny are not different, little is known about their food safeties like genetic toxicity. This study is performed to examine both ...
Esmailizadeh A K - - 2011
A whole-genome scan was carried out in New Zealand and Australia to detect quantitative trait loci (QTL) for live animal and carcass composition traits and meat quality attributes in cattle. Backcross calves (385 heifers and 398 steers) were generated, with Jersey and Limousin backgrounds. The New Zealand cattle were reared ...
Kim Y - - 2011
Genetic associations of nucleotide sequence variants with carcass traits in beef cattle were investigated using a genome-wide single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) assay. Three hundred and thirteen Korean cattle were genotyped with the Illumina BovineSNP50 BeadChip, and 39 129 SNPs from 311 animals were analysed for each carcass phenotype after filtering by ...
Seichter D - - 2011
Bovine arachnomelia is an inherited congenital disorder with malformation mainly of the limbs, the vertebral column and the skull, following a monogenic autosomal recessive heredity. Despite almost identical pathological findings, arachnomelia has previously been mapped to bovine chromosome 23 and 5 in Fleckvieh and Braunvieh respectively. Therefore, this disorder may ...
Meirelles S L - - 2011
Investigation of molecular marker effects on production traits is essential to define marker assisted selection strategies in beef cattle. We looked for a possible association of molecular markers and backfat thickness (BFT) and rib eye area (REA) in Canchim (5/8 Charolais + 3/8 Zebu) and MA (offspring of Charolais bulls ...
Murdoch Brenda M - - 2011
Classical bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) is an acquired prion disease that is invariably fatal in cattle and has been implicated as a significant human health risk. Sequence variations in the coding region of the prion gene (PRNP) have been associated with acquired transmissible spongiform encephalopathy (TSE) susceptibility in mammals; however, ...
Argyriou Loukas - - 2010
Syndromic forms of disorders of sex development constitute a challenge for clinical and molecular investigations. We report on a 12-year-old girl presenting with lack of pubertal development, tall stature and moderate mental retardation. Conventional karyotyping at the age of 3 years revealed a male karyotype (46,XY). At the age of ...
Nishi Mirian Yumie MY Unit of Developmental Endocrinology and Laboratory of Hormone and Molecular Genetics LIM/42, Hospital das Clinicas of the University of São Paulo Medical School, São Paulo, - - 2011
The potential involvement of SRY in abnormal gonadal development in 45,X/46,X,der(Y) patients was proposed following the identification of SRY mutations in a few patients with Turner syndrome (TS). However, its exact etiological role in gonadal dysgenesis in patients with Y chromosome mosaicisms has not yet been clarified. it was the ...
Stukenborg J B - - 2010
Functional gonads are mandatory for sexual reproduction and survival of higher animal species. However, at the level of the individual subject, acquired or inherited gonadal dysfunction and infertility are not commonly associated with severe life-threatening phenotypes. Medical progress and increased societal interest have led to more prioritized agendas for reproductive ...
Hertel Johann D - - 2010
Gonadoblastoma is a rare gonadal neoplasm that occurs almost exclusively in individuals who are phenotypically females. Most cases develop in women who have an abnormal karyotype in which at least a portion of the centromeric region of the short arm of chromosome Y is present, a region often referred to ...
Barker Jacqueline M JM Department of Psychiatry, Yale University, Connecticut Mental Health Center, New Haven, Connecticut 06519, - - 2010
Differences between men and women in alcohol abuse prevalence have long been attributed to social and hormonal factors. It is, however, becoming apparent that sex differences in substance dependence are also influenced by genetic factors. Using a four core genotype mouse model that enables dissociation of chromosomal and gonadal sex, ...
Shinawi Marwan - - 2010
Isodicentric Y chromosomes [idic(Y)] cause several sex-linked phenotypes ranging from typical Turner syndrome, to phenotypic males, and to those with ambiguous genitalia. The idic(Y) are unstable during mitosis and therefore result in mosaicism with an additional cell line. The associated phenotypic heterogeneity was attributed to variable location of the breakpoints ...
Lambert Sarah M - - 2010
The evaluation and management of neonates with ambiguous genitalia requires sensitivity, efficiency, and accuracy. The approach to these neonates is facilitated by a multidisciplinary team including urology, endocrinology, genetics, and psychiatry or psychology. Disorders of sex development (DSD) encompass chromosomal DSD, 46,XX DSD, and 46,XY DSD. The 46,XX DSD is ...
Rizell Sara - - 2010
In Turner syndrome (TS) one X-chromosome is missing or defective. The amelogenin gene, located on the X-chromosome, plays a key role during the formation of dental enamel. The aim of this study was to find support for the hypothesis that impaired expression of the X-chromosome influences mineral incorporation during amelogenesis ...
Davenport Marsha L - - 2010
Turner syndrome (TS) occurs in about 1:4000 live births and describes females with a broad constellation of problems associated with loss of an entire sex chromosome or a portion of the X chromosome containing the tip of its short arm. TS is associated with an astounding array of potential abnormalities, ...
Binkert Franz - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To describe the parental origin and the mechanism of formation of a 46,X,der(X)(pter-->q21.1::p11.4-->pter)[23]/45,X[8] karyotype in a patient with mild Turner syndrome. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: A university hospital. PATIENT(S): A 23-year-old woman with normal height, gonadal dysgenesis, and mild Turner stigmata. INTERVENTION(S): Genotype-phenotype correlation, array-based copy number analysis, fluorescence ...
Beaulieu Bergeron M?lanie - - 2010
Females with 46,XY complete gonadal dysgenesis are at significant risk of developing germ cell tumors, mostly gonadoblastomas. We present here the case of 2 half-sisters, sharing the same father, diagnosed with 46,XY complete gonadal dysgenesis. The 1st sister developed a gonadoblastoma and an invasive dysgerminoma, whereas the 2nd sister developed ...
Fernandez Rosa - - 2010
Turner's syndrome, also known as 'monosomy X', is a genetic disorder that occurs in 1/2,500 female births and is hypothesized to result from haploinsufficiency of certain genes expressed from both sex chromosomes that escape X inactivation. While the classic karyotype related to Turner's syndrome is 45,X, the majority of those ...
Zannoni Gian Franco - - 2010
Disorders of sexual development represent a pathologic and clinical challenge. Many different clinical syndromes exist, and several classifications have been proposed in relation to different risks for malignant degeneration. The morphology, cytogenetics, and immunophenotype of a monolateral ovotestis in a 3-month-old individual with ambiguous genitalia and right inguinal mass are ...
del Rey Graciela - - 2010
The karyotypes of 2 patients with abnormal stature and different phenotypes revealed one similar structural abnormality in the X chromosome by conventional cytogenetic studies and fluorescence in situ hybridization analysis (FISH). FISH strongly suggested the presence of two copies of the SHOX gene in the der(X) chromosome. Patient 1 is ...
Pascual James - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To discuss a case of ovotesticular disorder of sex development (DSD) with ambiguous genitalia, isodicentric Y sex chromosome mosaicism, and unique histopathologic findings. METHODS: We report the clinical, laboratory, imaging, and operative findings, and we highlight the pertinent features of this case. Results of hormonal and genetic testing are ...
Karatza Ageliki - - 2009
We report on a neonate with a disorder of sex development, Prader 3-4 external genitalia and a palpable structure in the right inguinal canal suggestive of gonadal tissue. Chromosome studies on blood lymphocytes showed monosomy of chromosome X. Laparoscopy identified a streak-like gonad on the left side, unicorn uterus and ...
Oliveira Rose Mary Rocco de - - 2009
Turner syndrome (TS) is one of the most common types of aneuploidy among humans, and is present in 1:2000 newborns with female phenotype. Cytogenetically, the syndrome is characterized by sex chromosome monosomy (45,X), which is present in 50-60% of the cases. The other cases present mosaicism, with a 45,X cell ...
Sallai A - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The presence of Y-chromosome material in patients with Turner syndrome (TS) is a risk factor for the development of gonadoblastoma. Cytogenetic analysis detects Y-chromosome mosaicism in about 5% of Turner patients. However, if Y-chromosome sequences are present in only a few cells, they may be missed by routine analysis. ...
Cui Ying-Xia - - 2009
Testicular regression syndrome (MIM273250) is characterized primarily by absence of gonads in a person of XY karyotype. Phenotypes range from complete female external genitalia (primary or "true" agonadism) to male phenotype with anorchia (testicular regression). Phenotypic differences depend on the stage of embryo development during which testes degenerate. No conclusive ...
Polityko Anna D - - 2009
An unusual mosaic karyotype was detected in a 6-year-old female patient with clinical diagnosis of Turner syndrome (TS). Cytogenetic and molecular cytogenetic studies revealed besides a cell line with 45,X a second cell line where the short arm of the Y-chromosome was translocated onto the short arm of a chromosome ...
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