Search Results
Results 1 - 50 of 1517
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Baumgärtner Lucas L 1 Departamento de Biotecnologia, Genética e Biologia Celular, Universidade Estadual de Maringá , Maringá, Brazil - - 2014
Abstract A cytogenetic analysis was performed on four populations of Hypostomus strigaticeps from the Paraná River basin, Brazil. Two populations were collected from the large channel river at the Itaipu reservoir area and the other two were from the upper stretches of tributaries of the Paraná River. All populations showed ...
Randall Andrew D AD School of Physiology and Pharmacology, School of Medical Sciences, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK; Institute of Biomedical and Clinical Sciences, University of Exeter, The Hatherley Building, Prince of Wales Road, Exeter, EX4 4PS, - - 2014
The disrupted in schizophrenia 1 (DISC1) gene is found at the breakpoint of an inherited chromosomal translocation, and segregates with major mental illnesses. Its potential role in central nervous system (CNS) malfunction has triggered intensive investigation of the biological roles played by DISC1, with the hope that this may shed ...
Ryu Seunghyong - - 2013
Symptom dimensions of schizophrenia are likely to be the intermediate phenotypes under the control of disease-susceptibility genes, or separate traits related to disease-modifier genes. This study aimed to identify chromosomal loci linked to symptom dimensions of schizophrenia through genome-wide quantitative trait locus (QTL) linkage analysis. The study subjects consisted of ...
Aleksic Branko - - 2013
Using a very high-resolution oligonucleotide array for copy number variant (CNV) screening of samples comprising schizophrenic patients, we detected a novel CNV within the critical region (NCBI36/hg18, Chr7: 158,630,410-158,719,410) previously shown to be associated with schizophrenia. We investigated the association between the novel CNV identified in the current study and ...
Saadat Mostafa - - 2013
In order to find the chromosomal distribution of polymorphic loci associated with the schizophrenia risk, the present study was carried out. Meta-analysis studies with information of genetic polymorphisms and schizophrenia risk were identified and used for the present study. There were 39 loci associated with schizophrenia risk. Statistical analysis revealed ...
Gourzis Philippos - - 2012
Introduction. Frontotemporal dementia is a disorder of complex etiology, with genetic components contributing to the disease. The aim of this report is to describe a young patient suffering from frontotemporal dementia, misdiagnosed as schizophrenia, related to a genetic defect on chromosome 1. Case Presentation. A 29-year-old female patient, previously diagnosed ...
Haber Marc - - 2012
Afghanistan has held a strategic position throughout history. It has been inhabited since the Paleolithic and later became a crossroad for expanding civilizations and empires. Afghanistan's location, history, and diverse ethnic groups present a unique opportunity to explore how nations and ethnic groups emerged, and how major cultural evolutions and ...
Gadelha Ary - - 2012
We report analyses of a Brazilian study of early onset schizophrenia (BEOS) families. We genotyped 22 members of 4 families on a linkage SNP array and report here non-parametric linkage analyses using MERLIN® software. We found suggestive evidence for linkage on two chromosomal regions, 13q32 and 11p15.4. A LOD score ...
Manor Esther - - 2011
Ewing sarcoma is a malignant tumour of bone that is seen most often in children and young adults. The usual primary sites are the extremities, trunk, pelvis, and skull, and presentation in the mandible is rare. Cytogenetically it is characterised mainly by the translocation t(11;22)(q24;q12), which has an important role ...
Gutiérrez-Gil B - - 2011
A genome scan for chromosomal regions influencing body conformation traits was conducted for a population of Spanish Churra dairy sheep following a daughter design. A total of 739 ewes from 11 half-sib sire families were included in the study. The ewes were scored for the 5 linear traits used in ...
Silva M V B - - 2012
A genome-wide scan for quantitative trait loci (QTL) affecting gastrointestinal nematode resistance in sheep was completed using a double backcross population derived from Red Maasai and Dorper ewes bred to F(1) rams. This design provided an opportunity to map potentially unique genetic variation associated with a parasite-tolerant breed like Red ...
Xing Ming - - 2011
Because of their unique spectral properties, quantum dots (QDs) have recently proved useful as fluorescent labels for biosensing probes. We developed a versatile QD label by modifying dsDNA with biotin and thiol groups at opposite ends and attaching it to quantum dots via a metal-thiol bond. These dsDNA-coated QDs fluorescently ...
Dimitrov Boyan - - 2011
Introduction The clinical phenotype of the chromosome 2q31 deletion syndrome consists of limb anomalies ranging from monodactylous ectrodactyly, brachydactyly and syndactyly to camptodactyly. Additional internal organ anomalies-for example, heart defects, ocular anomalies-may be present. Hemizygosity for HOXD13 and EVX2 genes was thought to cause the observed skeletal defects. Recently, based ...
Chien W-H - - 2010
Autism is a childhood-onset neurodevelopmental disorder with a strong genetic basis in its etiology. Conventional karyotype analysis has revealed that chromosomal structural aberrations such as translocation, inversion, deletion, and duplication play a role in causing autism spectrum disorders (ASD). In addition, recent array-based comparative genomic hybridization (array CGH) studies discovered ...
Dundar Munis - - 2010
This report describes a 25-day-old Turkish boy with unbalanced 3;22 translocation that includes the 22q11.2 deletion and 3p25 deletion syndrome. The karyotype was 45, XY,der(3)t(3;22)(p25;q11),-22. Although no immunological dysfunction could be demonstrated, the boy presented some manifestations of DiGeorge anomaly (DGA), which has been associated with monosomy for the same ...
Horsthemke Bernhard - - 2011
Sequence analysis of the imprinted UBE3A gene in a 3-year-old girl suspected of having Angelman syndrome had revealed a de novo 3bp in frame deletion predicted to encode a protein lacking the amino acid G538 (based on sequence NM_130838). In order to assess the clinical relevance of this unknown variant, ...
Wat Margaret J - - 2010
Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) can occur in isolation or in association with other abnormalities. We hypothesised that some cases of non-isolated CDH are caused by novel genomic disorders. In a cohort of >12, 000 patients referred for array comparative genomic hybridisation testing, we identified three individuals-two of whom had CDH--with ...
Kantarci Sibel S Pediatric Surgical Research Laboratories, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, - - 2010
Cytogenetic and molecular cytogenetic studies demonstrate association between congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) and chromosome 1q41q42 deletions. In this study, we screened a large CDH cohort (N=179) for microdeletions in this interval by the multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA) technique, and also sequenced two candidate genes located therein, dispatched 1 (DISP1) ...
Félix Têmis Maria TM Serviço de Genética Médica, Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil. - - 2010
We report on a patient presenting with cognitive delay, prenatal and postnatal growth deficiency, microcephaly, ptosis of eyelids, high and broad nasal root, and camptodactyly. Analysis of a dense whole genome single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) array showed a de novo 3.35 Mb deletion on 2p15-p16.1. In order to study the parental origin ...
van Diepen Mireille M L - - 2011
We report a 797 kb de novo interstitial deletion of 18q21.31 in a 6-year-old boy with speech delay, mental retardation, sleeping problems, facial dysmorphism, and feet anomalies. Examination of the region showed two genes, TXNL1 and WDR7, to be involved in the deletion. Haploinsufficiency of these genes could potentially contribute to ...
Tenney Jeffrey R - - 2011
Deletions of chromosome 17p13.3 result in neuronal migration defects such as isolated lissencephaly sequence and Miller-Dieker syndrome. LIS1 is the deleted gene within this region and is thought to directly cause isolated lissencephaly sequence and contribute to Miller-Dieker syndrome. Two additional genes (14-3-3ε and CRK) on the telomeric end of ...
Abu-Amero Khaled K - - 2010
PURPOSE: Neuro-ophthalmologic and neuroimaging features of partial chromosome 18p deletion syndromes have not yet been fully described. METHODS: Careful neuro-ophthalmologic and neuroimaging evaluation of a young woman with a partial 18p deletion, including 3 Tesla MRI and diffusion tensor imaging, cytogenetic analysis on GTG-banded chromosomes, and 244K array CGH analysis. ...
Chang Ching-Fen - - 2010
Interstitial deletion of 16q has emerged into a recognizable pattern of congenital malformation. We report on a 9-year-old boy with short stature, psychomotor retardation, high forehead, broad flat nasal bridge, hypertelorism, cup-shaped ears, short neck, and a normal karyotype. Using high-density oligonucleotide array chip (Affymetrix 6.0) to perform parental and ...
Markiewicz Michael R - - 2010
Abstract Chromosome 4q deletion syndrome is a monosomy that comprises all interstitial and terminal deletions of the long arm of chromosome 4. It results in a variety of phenotypes characterized by various craniofacial and bodily abnormalities. The purpose of this study is to report a case of 4q deletion syndrome ...
Mademont-Soler Irene - - 2010
We report on a girl with mild dysmorphic facial features, Dandy-Walker malformation (DWM), iris coloboma, profound hearing loss, and hyperlaxity of skin and joints, whose karyotype is 46,XX,t(6;13)(q23;q32)dn and who has a cryptic imbalance at the 13q32 translocation breakpoint assessed by array-CGH. Our patient has many clinical manifestations in common ...
Saito Yoshiaki - - 2011
A 3-months-old boy presented with partial seizures that soon evolved into infantile spasms. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed bilateral perisylvian polymicrogyria with right-sided predominance. ACTH therapy successfully controlled epilepsy and electroencephalograms were normalized. Conventional G-banded chromosomal analysis was performed due to his distinctive features and a derivative chromosome 1 derived from ...
Reddy K S - - 2011
To populate the chromosome 10 genetic landscape with clinical correlations we describe 3 non-overlapping, nearly contiguous deletions within chromosome 10q22.1q24.32. Three cases were studied by oligoarray comparative genomic hybridization (CGH), cytogenetics, and/or fluorescence in situ hybridization. The array CGH showed de novo deletions: arr 10q22.1q22.2(74,115,795-77,077,025)×1dn, arr 10q22.3q23.2(81,437,039-89,144,374)×1dn and arr 10q23.33q24.32(94,894,780-103,144,781)×1dn. ...
Melis Daniela - - 2010
Few reports of small interstitial chromosome 11q deletions are reported in the literature and no clear genotype-phenotype correlation has been demonstrated. We describe a five years old boy who was referred to our attention because of the presence of ptosis of the left eyelid, iris coloboma and developmental delay. Clinical ...
Van Esch Hilde - - 2010
Interstitial deletions of the long arm of chromosome 6 are rare, and most reported cases represent large, cytogenetically detectable deletions. The implementation of array comparative genome hybridisation in the diagnostic work-up of patients presenting with congenital disorders, including developmental delay, has enabled identification of many patients with smaller chromosomal imbalances. ...
Wong Kit Fai - - 2010
A 66-year-old man who presented with progressive and marked thrombocytosis but normal hemoglobin was diagnosed to have essential thrombocythemia upon the demonstration of JAK2 V617F mutation. Bone marrow examination, however, showed the presence of monolobulated megakaryocytes and conventional cytogenetic analysis revealed an isolated interstitial deletion of the long arm of ...
Koç Altu─č A Department of Medical Genetics, Gazi University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, - - 2010
Abstract Objective. The aim of this study is to contribute to the understanding of schizophrenia genetics by using efficient algorithmic examination techniques including dysmorphic examination, karyotyping, and Fluoresence in situ hybridization (FISH). Methods. In this study we have investigated 20 familial schizophrenia patients from Turkey who had an affected first-degree ...
Derbise Anne - - 2010
Yersinia pestis, the causative agent of plague, has recently diverged from the less virulent enteropathogen Yersinia pseudotuberculosis. Its emergence has been characterized by massive genetic loss and inactivation and limited gene acquisition. The acquired genes include two plasmids, a filamentous phage, and a few chromosomal loci. The aim of this ...
Nowakowska Beata A - - 2010
We present four patients, in whom we identified overlapping deletions in 5q14.3 involving MEF2C using a clinical oligonucleotide array comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) chromosomal microarray analysis (CMA). In case 1, CMA revealed an approximately 140 kb deletion encompassing the first three exons of MEF2C in a 3-year-old patient with severe ...
Szigeti Reka - - 2010
Megacystis-microcolon-intestinal hypoperistalsis syndrome (MMIHS; OMIM%249210) is a rare and severe form of congenital intestinal and urinary dysfunction and malformation. Histologic studies suggest that the predominant intestinal manifestation is smooth muscle myopathy. Molecular observations have linked the disease to the neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (ηAChR), namely the absence of a functional ...
Thirion M - - 2010
ORF73 orthologues encoded by different rhadinoviruses have been studied extensively. These studies revealed that the ORF73 expression product (pORF73) is a multifunctional protein essential for latency that enables episome tethering to mitotic chromosomes and modulates cellular pathways implicated in growth and survival of latently infected cells. Comparison of pORF73 orthologues ...
de Jong Elisabeth M - - 2010
Tracheal agenesis (TA) is a rare congenital anomaly of the respiratory tract. Many patients have associated anomalies, suggesting a syndromal phenotype. In a cohort of 12 patients, we aimed to detect copy number variations. In addition to routine cytogenetic analysis, we applied oligonucleotide array comparative genomic hybridization. Our patient cohort ...
Zhu Yi - - 2010
The fast accumulation of mutant mouse strains in recent years has provided an invaluable resource for phenotype-based genetic screens. However, study of lymphoid phenotypes can be obscured or impractical if homozygous mutations cause early embryonic defects. To aid phenotype screening of germ line mutations in the lymphoid system, we developed ...
Singer Benjamin H - - 2010
We present a patient with congenital lactic acidosis, agenesis of the corpus callosum, and profound developmental delay. Assays of pyruvate dehydrogenase complex function were normal in lymphocytes, but decreased in fibroblasts. Sequencing of the PDHA1 gene did not reveal deleterious mutations, and BAC based microarray analysis did not reveal any ...
Funari Mariana F A - - 2010
SHOX haploinsufficiency causes a wide spectrum of short stature phenotypes, such as Leri-Weill dyschondrosteosis (LWD) and disproportionate short stature (DSS). SHOX deletions are responsible for approximately two thirds of isolated haploinsufficiency; therefore, it is important to determine the most appropriate methodology for detection of gene deletion. In this study, three ...
Ji Taoyun - - 2010
Jacobsen syndrome (JBS) is a haploinsufficiency syndrome caused by partial deletion of the long arm of chromosome 11. It is characterized by developmental delay (DD)/mental retardation (MR), physical growth retardation, facial dysmorphism, visceral malformations and thrombocytopenia. We report two JBS patients from China out of a total of 451 patients ...
Verkerk Annemieke J M H - - 2010
The combination of megalencephaly, perisylvian polymicrogyria, polydactyly and hydrocephalus (MPPH) is a rare syndrome of unknown cause. We observed two first cousins affected by an MPPH-like phenotype with a submicroscopic chromosome 5q35 deletion as a result of an unbalanced der(5)t(5;20)(q35.2;q13.3) translocation, including the NSD1 Sotos syndrome locus. We describe the ...
Velinov Milen - - 2010
Submicroscopic deletions of two adjacent regions within chromosomal band 1q21.1 were recently associated with two distinct phenotypes: A deleted region of 200-500 kb was found in individuals with Thrombocytopenia Absent Radius syndrome (TAR). Deletion in another region of about 1.25 Mb that is located just telomeric of the TAR region, ...
Haldeman-Englert Chad R - - 2010
The PAX (paired box) genes are a family of transcription factors critical for fetal growth and organogenesis. Abnormalities of PAX2, PAX3, PAX6, and PAX9 are associated with various congenital craniofacial anomalies, including tooth abnormalities. We present here a boy with oligodontia and language delay. Dental x-rays showed that he lacked ...
Recalcati Maria Paola - - 2010
There have been reports that a number of patients with a chromosome 18pter deletion have developed autoimmune disorders, including juvenile diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis, thyroiditis and Graves' disease, and/or show little or no reduction in serum IgA levels. We describe two female patients bearing complex rearrangements involving chromosome 18p. Array-CGH and ...
Zavala Juan - - 2010
Chromosome 18 abnormalities are associated with a range of physical abnormalities such as short stature and hearing impairments. Psychiatric manifestations have also been observed. This study focuses on the presentations of psychiatric syndromes as they relate to specific chromosomal abnormalities of chromosome 18. Twenty-five subjects (13 with an 18q deletion, ...
Moreira Lilia - - 2010
Rieger syndrome (RS; OMIM 180500) is a rare autosomal dominant disorder of morphogenesis, with ocular and systemic abnormalities and variability in phenotypic expression. Some patients with RS presented with a deletion of the band 4q25 to which the homeobox gene PIT X2 (former RIEG) was mapped. To study the natural ...
Takatsuki Shinichi - - 2010
Owing to the large size of chromosome 2, partial monosomy of the long arm of this chromosome gives rise to many specific phenotypes. We report on a 2-month-old girl with an interstitial deletion of 2q24.2q24.3, which was confirmed by microarray-based comparative genomic hybridization analysis. The patient showed delayed growth and ...
Tzschach Andreas - - 2010
Interstitial deletions of chromosome band 4q32 are rare. We report on a 22-year-old female patient with a de novo interstitial deletion of chromosome 4q32 and a balanced translocation t(2;5)(p21;q12.1). Clinical problems of the patient comprised mild to moderate mental retardation, psychosis, obesity, broad nasal root, sparse lateral eyebrows, thin upper ...
Zayed Hatem H Department of Pediatrics, Division of Genetics, University of California, San Francisco, California 94143-0748, - - 2010
Using an Affymetrix GeneChip(R) Human Mapping 100K Set to study a patient with a late-presenting, right-sided diaphragmatic hernia and microphthalmia, we found a maternally inherited deletion that was 2.7 Mb in size at chromosome 18q22.1. Mapping of this deletion using fluorescence in situ hybridization revealed three deleted genes-CDH19, DSEL, and ...
Huang Xue-shuang - - 2010
We describe a patient with multiple congenital anomalies, including hemifacial microsomia, asymmetric macrostomia, dysplastic mandible, multiple preauricular tags, atresia of the external auricular canal, and vertebral anomalies, which coincide with oculo-auriculo-vertebral spectrum. G-banding ( approximately 850 band level) showed a normal 46, XY karyotype. A genome-wide screen for copy number ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >