Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1515
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Gawlik-Kuklinska Katarzyna - - 2008
We report on a 4-year-old boy with a proximal interstitial deletion in the short arm of chromosome 4p with the karyotype 46,XY,del(4)(p14p15.32),inv(9)(p13q13). For a precise delineation of the deleted region, an array-based comparative genomic hybridization (a-CGH) analysis was performed. The proband's phenotype and cytogenetic findings are compared with previously reported ...
Stachon Andrea C - - 2007
22q11 Deletion syndrome (22q11DS) is the most common microdeletion syndrome in humans, occurring with an incidence of 1 in 4,000. In most cases the submicroscopic deletion spans 3 Mb, but there are a number of other overlapping and non-overlapping deletions that generate a similar phenotype. The majority of the 22q11.2 ...
DeScipio Cheryl - - 2007
Submicroscopic deletion of the 6p25 subtelomere has recently been recognized as a clinically identifiable syndrome. To date, more than 30 cases have been described with variable cytogenetically visible 6p deletions. Terminal 6p deletions result in a clinically distinguishable phenotype. The focus of this review is the phenotype associated with isolated ...
Gajecka Marzena - - 2007
Monosomy 1p36 results from a heterozygous deletion of the most distal chromosomal band on the short arm of chromosome 1. Occurring in approximately 1 in 5,000 live births, monosomy 1p36 is the most common terminal deletion observed in humans. Monosomy 1p36 is associated with mental retardation, developmental delay, hearing impairment, ...
Falk Rena E - - 2007
Terminal deletions of chromosome 2 with breakpoints at or within band 2q37, ranging from visible abnormalities to cryptic, subtelomeric deletions, have been recognized with increasing frequency among children with mild-moderate mental retardation, characteristic facial appearance, and behavioral manifestations which often place them on the autism spectrum. The stereotypic facial characteristics ...
Stewart Douglas R - - 2007
The chromosome 9q subtelomere deletion syndrome (9qSTDS) is among the first and most common clinically recognizable syndromes to arise from widespread testing by fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) of subtelomere deletions. There are about 50 reported cases worldwide. Affected individuals invariably have severe hypotonia with speech and gross motor delay. ...
Schmitt Armin O - - 2007
Copy number variants (CNVs) are pieces of genomic DNA of 1000 base pairs or longer which occur in a given genome at a different frequency than in a reference genome. Their importance as a source for phenotypic variability has been recognized only in the last couple of years. Chromosomal deletions ...
Austen Belinda B Cancer Research UK Institute for Cancer Studies, University of Birmingham, United - - 2007
The ataxia telangiectasia mutated (ATM) gene is located on chromosome 11q and loss of this region is common in B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). Our aim was to determine if CLL tumors with a chromosome 11q deletion might be divided into two subgroups based on the status of the remaining ...
Jain Nidhi - - 2007
The NarI recognition sequence (5'-G1G2CG3CN-3') is the most vulnerable hot spot for frameshift mutagenesis induced by the carcinogen 2-aminofluorene and its analogues in Escherichia coli. Lesioning of the guanine in the G3 position induces an especially high frequency of -2 deletion mutations; vulnerability to these mutations is modulated by the ...
Lange Julian - - 2008
Y chromosome deletions arise frequently in human populations, where they cause sex reversal and Turner syndrome and predispose individuals to infertility and germ cell cancer. Knowledge of the nucleotide sequence of the male-specific region of the Y chromosome (MSY) makes it possible to precisely demarcate such deletions and the repertoires ...
Møller R S - - 2007
In this study, we present a 38-year-old woman with an interstitial deletion of 4p15.1-15.3, mild mental retardation, epilepsy and polymicrogyria adjacent to an arachnoid cyst of the left temporal lobe. The deletion was ascertained through array-comparative genome hybridization screening of patients with epilepsy and brain malformations. To date, about 35 ...
Ichimura K - - 2008
Astrocytic, oligodendroglial and mixed gliomas are the commonest gliomas in adults. They have distinct phenotypes and clinical courses, but as they exist as a continuous histological spectrum, differentiating them can be difficult. Co-deletions of total 1p and 19q are found in the majority of oligodendrogliomas and considered as a diagnostic ...
Vazna Alzbeta - - 2008
The breakpoint junction on a ring chromosome 17 in a girl with autism, mental retardation, mild dysmorphism and neurofibromatosis was identified and analysed at the nucleotide level. The extent of the deleted segments was about 1.9 Mb on 17p and about 1.0 Mb on 17q. The structure of the junction ...
Iwaki A - - 2008
We have previously mapped autosomal dominant spinocerebellar ataxia (SCA) 16 to 3p26, overlapping with the locus of SCA15. Recently, partial deletions of ITPR1 and the neighbouring SUMF1 in the SCA15 and two additional families were reported. In the present study we determined the copy number of these genes by real ...
Brunetti-Pierri N - - 2007
High-resolution array-comparative genome hybridization (CGH) is a powerful tool for detection of submicroscopic chromosome deletions and duplications. We describe two patients with mild mental retardation (MR) and de novo microdeletions of 17q11.2q12. Although the deletions did not involve the neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) gene, they overlap with long-range deletions of ...
Chang Hong - - 2007
The combination of fluorescence in situ hybridization with cytoplasmic light chain detection identified chromosome 1p21 deletion in 18 (20%) of 87 patients with multiple myeloma. 1p21 deletion was associated with higher serum calcium level, 13q deletion, and t(4;14). Patients with 1p21 deletions had a significantly shorter progression-free survival (PFS) (median ...
Connell Paul - - 2007
Terminal deletion of chromosome 4q is a genetic abnormality associated predominantly with cardiac abnormalities, abnormal facial features, and developmental delay. A specific clinical clue to this infrequently diagnosed disorder is hypoplasia of the terminal phalanx of the fifth finger with an abnormal nail, occasionally extending onto the volar surface. Ocular ...
van Bon Bregje W M - - 2007
We present a 4-year-old boy with developmental delay and several into minor dysmorphic features due to an interstitial deletion of 17.5 Mb on the long arm of chromosome 13 [46,XY,del (13)(q14.3q21.33)]. The deletion was detected initially during routine cytogenetic screening and further analyzed on a genome-wide BAC array. In contrast ...
Shetty Shashirekha - - 2007
We describe a female infant with complex craniosynostosis, significant craniofacial dysmorphism and developmental delay in which a de-novo apparently balanced translocation between chromosomes 7 and 18 [46,XX,t(7;18)(p15.3;q11.2)] was identified. Additional cytogenetic and molecular investigations identified a cryptic interstitial 7.6-10.6-Mb deletion of the region between bands 7p21.2 and 7p21.3 on the ...
Courtens Winnie - - 2007
We report on a 2-year-old dysmorphic girl with prenatal and postnatal growth deficiency, cardiopathy, left-sided hydronephrosis due to pyelourethral junction stenosis, frequent respiratory infections and psychomotor retardation, in whom a de novo unbalanced submicroscopic translocation (11q;20q) was detected by subtelomeric multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification and fluorescence in situ hybridization analyses. ...
Klaassens M - - 2007
Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is a severe birth defect characterized by a defect in the diaphragm with pulmonary hypoplasia and postnatal pulmonary hypertension. Approximately 50% of CDH cases are associated with other non-pulmonary congenital anomalies (so called non-isolated CDH) and in 5-10% of cases there is a chromosomal etiology. The ...
Maas N M C - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The Wolf-Hirschhorn syndrome (WHS) is usually caused by terminal deletions of the short arm of chromosome 4 and is phenotypically defined by growth and mental retardation, seizures, and specific craniofacial manifestations. Large variation is observed in phenotypic expression of these features. In order to compare the phenotype with the ...
Engenheiro E - - 2007
Axenfeld-Rieger syndrome (ARS) is a genetically heterogeneous autosomal dominant disorder mainly characterized by developmental defects of the anterior segment and extraocular anomalies. ARS shows great clinical variability and encompasses several conditions with overlapping phenotypes, including Rieger syndrome (RS). RS is characterized by developmental defects of the eyes, teeth and umbilicus, ...
Poot Martin - - 2007
We report on an 8(1)/(2)-year-old girl with severe pre- and postnatal growth retardation, congenital heart malformation, facial asymmetry, oculocutaneous albinism without misrouting and subluxation of the radial heads. Her intelligence was in the low normal range. By GTG-banding a deletion of band 15q26 was found. Array-CGH, using a 3783 BAC ...
Yamamoto Hiroyasu - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Growth hormone (GH) insensitivity syndrome (Laron syndrome) is known to be caused by genetic disorders of the GH-IGF-1 axis. Although many mutations in the GH receptor have been identified, there have been only a few reports of deletions of the GH receptor gene. DESIGN: A Japanese adult female patient ...
Fujii Katsunori - - 2007
Small submicroscopic genomic deletions and duplications constitute up to 15% of all mutations underlying human monogenic diseases. In this study, we used newly designed high-resolution oligonucleotide microarrays with a median distance between the probes of 776 bp (average probe interval 2,271 bp) to detect gene deletions in nevoid basal cell ...
Béna Frédérique - - 2007
We report on a de novo submicroscopic deletion of 20q13.33 identified by subtelomeric fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) in a 4-year-old girl with learning difficulties, hyperlaxity and strabismus, but without obvious dysmorphic features. Further investigations by array-based comparative genomic hybridization (array-CGH) and FISH analysis allowed us to delineate the smallest ...
Keren Boris - - 2007
We report on two unrelated patients with a proximal deletion of the long arm of chromosome 21. The deletion encompassed 14.5Mb of DNA. Molecular studies showed that the two telomeric breakpoints were within the same DNA clone (BAC RP11-56D12). The centromeric breakpoints, however, were separated by only 250kb of DNA ...
Feenstra Ilse - - 2007
Partial deletions of the long arm of chromosome 18 lead to variable phenotypes. Common clinical features include a characteristic face, short stature, congenital aural atresia (CAA), abnormalities of the feet, and mental retardation (MR). The presence or absence of these clinical features may depend on the size and position of ...
Iqbal M Anwar - - 2007
A 2-year-old male patient with dysmorphic facial features and multiple congenital anomalies suggestive of a chromosome syndrome is presented. The facial features consisted of a large and high forehead, mild metopic ridging, a small triangular face, depressed nasal bridge, microphthalmia (right more than the left), protruding ears, and mildly prominent ...
Hill Anthony D - - 2007
Patients with distal deletions of chromosome 1q have a recognizable syndrome that includes microcephaly, hypoplasia or agenesis of the corpus callosum, and psychomotor retardation. Although these symptoms have been attributed to deletions of 1q42-1q44, the minimal chromosomal region involved has not been identified. Using microsatellite and single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) ...
Borozdin Wiktor - - 2007
Okihiro syndrome results from truncating mutations in the SALL4 locus on the chromosome 20q13.13-q13.2. Deletions of the whole SALL4 coding region as well as single exon deletions are also a common cause of Okihiro syndrome and indicate haploinsufficiency as the disease causing mechanism. The phenotypes caused by SALL4 deletions are ...
Nogueira Sintia Iole - - 2007
We report on the case of a patient with a typical de novo 3 Mb 22q11.2 deletion. Haplotype reconstruction of the family, using polymorphic markers flanking the deleted region, demonstrated a complex mechanism of origin of the deletion, involving one intrachromosomal and two interchromosomal events.
Chang Hong - - 2007
The frequency and prognostic significance of chromosome 6q deletion were investigated in a cohort of patients with Waldenstrom macroglobulinemia (WM). By interphase cytoplasmic fluorescence in situ hybridization with probes for 6q21 and 6q25, we detected hemizygous 6q deletions in the clonal lymphoplasmacytic cells in 13 (38%) out of 34 patients. ...
Flipsen-ten Berg Klara - - 2007
The Wolf-Hirschhorn syndrome (WHS (MIM 194190)), which is characterized by growth delay, mental retardation, epilepsy, facial dysmorphisms, and midline fusion defects, shows extensive phenotypic variability. Several of the proposed mutational and epigenetic mechanisms in this and other chromosomal deletion syndromes fail to explain the observed phenotypic variability. To explain the ...
Etienne Anne - - 2007
We report two cases of translocation associated with deletion on derivative chromosomes in atypical myeloproliferative disorder (MPD). In a MPD with t(3;12)(q29;q14), the rearrangement targeted the HMGA2 locus at 12q14 and deleted a region of about 1.5 megabases (Mb) at 3q29. In an MPD with t(9;12)(q13 approximately q21;q22) and JAK2 ...
Ke Yu-Yuan - - 2007
Gain or loss of a fragment in human chromosomes has been associated with abnormal phenotypes in numerous genetic disorders. However, it is also possible that lack or excess of a particular chromosomal segment is a neutral polymorphism among populations and thus does not cause obvious abnormal phenotype. In this study, ...
Zherebtsov Monica M - - 2007
Interstitial deletions of chromosome 6q are a relatively rare finding. Deletions have ranged from the loss of a single band to larger deletions spanning multiple bands. The clinical phenotype varies, but some features commonly seen include cardiac anomalies, hypotonia, facial dysmorphism and mental retardation. To further delineate the syndrome, we ...
Huber Jair - - 2007
Rearrangements involving chromosomes 2 and 22 were described not only as acquired abnormalities in a variety of human neoplasias but also in the constitutional karyotype suggesting the existence of a greater fragility in some specific regions in these chromosomes. Patients with DiGeorge and Velocardiofacial syndromes have a deletion on 22q11 ...
Harteveld Cornelis L - - 2007
Alpha thalassemia retardation associated with chromosome16 (ATR-16 syndrome) is defined as a contiguous gene syndrome resulting from haploinsufficiency of the alpha-globin gene cluster and genes involved in mental retardation (MR). To date, only few cases have been described which result from pure monosomy for a deletion of 16p. In most ...
Martens Kevin - - 2007
Hypotonia-cystinuria syndrome (HCS) is a recessive disorder caused by microdeletions of SLC3A1 and PREPL on chromosome 2p21. Patients present with generalized hypotonia at birth, failure to thrive, growth retardation and cystinuria type I. While the initially described HCS families live in small regions in Belgium and France, we have now ...
Hansson Kerstin - - 2007
Cytogenetically detectable euchromatic deletions without phenotypic consequences are rarely encountered. We report on a 34-year-old woman with normal intelligence referred for karyotyping because of recurrent abortions. With the exception of a bicuspid aortic valve without hemodynamic consequences, which is a common minor anomaly in the general population, no dysmorphic features ...
Coronado Veronica A - - 2008
A COMMD1(MURR1) deletion has been reported as the cause of copper toxicosis (CT) in Bedlington terriers. Recent studies identified Bedlington terriers with copper accumulation without homozygous COMMD1 deletions. Wilson disease in humans is a copper storage disorder similar to CT caused by mutations in ATP7B, and COMMD1 has been shown ...
Kramar Filip - - 2007
Specific gene mutations, loss of heterozygosity, deletions and/or amplifications of entire chromosomal regions and gene silencing have been described in gliomas. 82 samples from 81 patients were investigated to detect the deletion of TP53, RB1, CDKN2A genes, deletion of 1p36 and 19q13.3 region, amplification of EGFR gene, trisomy of chromosome ...
Saha Konal - - 2007
PURPOSE: To present a case of congenital glaucoma associated with 9p22.3-pter deletion as the sole identified genetic abnormality. To compile cases of chromosome 9p deletion associated with congenital glaucoma from the literature. METHOD: A review of case notes of the proband. Literature search using PubMed and Medline to identify other ...
Stewart Rosalind M K - - 2007
We describe the phenotype of a male infant with an interstitial deletion of the short arm of chromosome 8 (p. 11.2-p. 21). Visual impairment is a major feature in this case. The clinical, radiographic and electrodiagnostic findings are presented. Only four other cases have been reported in which visual problems ...
Cody Jannine D - - 2007
Most deletions of the long arm of chromosome 18 involve some part of the most distal 30 Mb. We have identified five individuals with cytogenetically diagnosed interstitial deletions that are all proximal to this commonly deleted region. The extent of their deletions was characterized using molecular and molecular cytogenetic techniques. ...
Gambrelle Joël - - 2007
We describe a newborn girl with multiple malformations associated with an interstitial deletion of chromosome 2q (q24q32). Clinical findings included growth retardation, microcephaly, facial malformations, common atrioventricular canal, digital anomalies of both hands and feet, and ovarian hypoplasia. Bilateral ocular anomalies included down-slanting palpebral fissures, blepharophimosis, microphthalmia, uveal coloboma, and ...
Law Meng - - 2007
PURPOSE: To determine if increased perfusion using dynamic susceptibility contrast perfusion MRI (DSC MRI) in gliomas may be predictive of 1p19q deletions. Loss of heterozygosity of chromosomes 1p and 19q confers responsiveness to chemotherapy improving survival in gliomas. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 16 patients who had DSC MRI ...
Forrester Mathias B - - 2007
The aim of the investigation was to describe the chromosomal deletions identified by a birth defects registry with respect to the chromosomes involved, pregnancy outcome, method of diagnosis, inheritance, sex, and the diagnosis of major structural birth defects. Cases were derived from a population-based birth defects registry in Hawaii and ...
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >