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Parentin Fulvio - - 2009
The 4q deletion syndrome shows varying phenotype, ranging from severe and complex malformations, unconformable with life, to more specific findings, as genitourinary, gastrointestinal and cardiac malformations, cleft palate,microcephaly, hypertelorism and abnormal ears and limbs. Strabismus, nystagmus, ophthalmoplegia, and optic nerve anomalies have been rarely described in literature. We report an ...
Beaujard Marie-Paule - - 2009
Despite the heterogeneous clinical presentations, the majority of patients with 22q11.2 deletion syndrome (22q11.2 DS) have either a common recurrent 3 Mb deletion or a less common, 1.5 Mb nested deletion, with breakpoint sites in flanking low-copy repeats (LCR) sequences. Only a small number of atypical deletions have been reported ...
Aten Emmelien - - 2009
Congenital limb malformations are the second most common birth defects observed in infants. Split hand foot malformation (SHFM), also known as central ray deficiency, ectrodactyly and cleft hand/foot, occurs isolated or in combination with other malformations. We report on a male patient with SHFM, tetralogy of Fallot and a clinical ...
Kirchhoff Maria - - 2009
Partial deletions of the long arm of chromosome 13 lead to variable phenotypes dependant on the size and position of the deleted region. In order to update the phenotypic map of chromosome 13q21.1-qter deletions, we applied 244k Agilent oligonucleotide-based array-CGH to determine the exact breakpoints in 14 patients with partial ...
van Silfhout Anneke T - - 2009
We report on three patients with split hand/foot malformation type 1 (SHFM1). We detected a deletion in two patients and an inversion in the third, all involving chromosome 7q21q22. We performed conventional chromosomal analysis, array comparative genomic hybridization and fluorescence in situ hybridization. Both deletions included the known genes associated ...
Veredice Chiara - - 2009
The authors report the study of a 30-month-old girl with refractory myoclonic epilepsy associated with mental retardation, growth delay, peculiar facial appearance, and minor physical anomalies. Extensive genetic studies were performed, including an array-based comparative genomic hybridization (array-CGH) that showed a cryptic interstitial deletion of 15q (5 Mb) affecting the ...
Neragi-Miandoab Siyamek - - 2009
Malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) is associated with frequent deletions of specific chromosomal regions within 1p, 3p, 6q, 9p, 13q, 15q, and 22q. In this retrospective review of our patients with MPM, the tumor tissue of 40 patients (31 male and 9 female) was evaluated for chromosomal deletions and was karyotyped. ...
Cox Helen - - 2009
The phenotypes associated with subtle deletions of the subtelomeric regions of many chromosomes have been reported. This is a detailed description of the clinical characteristics of two children with subtelomeric deletions of the long arm of chromosome 11 that were not apparent on the initial karyotype. We compare and contrast ...
Carelle-Calmels Nadège - - 2009
Cytogenetic studies of the parents of a girl with the DiGeorge (or velocardiofacial) syndrome, who carried a deletion at 22q11.2, revealed an unexpected rearrangement of both 22q11.2 regions in the unaffected father. He carried a 22q11.2 deletion on one copy of chromosome 22 and a reciprocal 22q11.2 duplication on the ...
Yatsenko Svetlana A - - 2009
We characterized at the molecular level the genomic rearrangements in 28 unrelated patients with 9q34.3 subtelomeric deletions. Four distinct categories were delineated: terminal deletions, interstitial deletions, derivative chromosomes and complex rearrangements; each results in haploinsufficiency of the EHMT1 gene and a characteristic phenotype. Interestingly, 25% of our patients had de ...
Jensen Daniel R - - 2009
We describe a patient with multiple congenital anomalies including deafness, lacrimal duct stenosis, strabismus, bilateral cervical sinuses, congenital cardiac defects, hypoplasia of the corpus callosum, and hypoplasia of the cerebellar vermis. Mutation analysis of EYA1, SIX1, and SIX5, genes that underlie otofaciocervical and/or branchio-oto-renal syndrome, was negative. Pathologic diagnosis of ...
Tyshchenko Nataliya - - 2009
We report on a patient with a de novo microdeletion 3q29 detected by molecular karyotyping using array CGH analysis. The girl displayed microphthalmia and cataract, hyperplastic pyloric stenosis, mild dysmorphic facial features, and developmental delay. Array CGH analysis uncovered a 1.6Mb deletion within chromosome band 3q29, which overlaps with the ...
van den Berge K - - 2009
Congenital hypoparathyroidism usually manifests in early childhood with hypocalcaemia with or without clinical characteristics. This report describes a Caucasian woman who, at the age of 43 years, was diagnosed with dysgenesis of the parathyroid glands due to a de novo microdeletion in chromosome 22q11 or DiGeorge syndrome. This syndrome is ...
Doornbos Marianne - - 2009
Behavioural differences have been described in patients with type I deletions (between breakpoints 1 and 3 (BP1-BP3)) or type II deletions (between breakpoints 2 and 3) of the 15q11.2 Prader-Willi/Angelman region. The larger type I deletions appear to coincide with more severe behavioural problems (autism, ADHD, obsessive-compulsive disorder). The non-imprinted ...
Kamath Binita M - - 2009
The use of array technology to define chromosome deletions and duplications is bringing us closer to establishing a genotype/phenotype map of genomic copy number alterations. We studied 21 patients and five relatives with deletions of the short arm of chromosome 20 using the Illumina HumanHap550 SNP array to: 1) more ...
Ballarati Lucia - - 2009
We describe a patient with an abnormal phenotype and a de novo CCR consisting of a reciprocal translocation between chromosomes 1 and 15 and an insertion of an interstitial segment from chromosome 2 within chromosome 1. The CCR was studied by QFQ banding and FISH. The apparently balanced rearrangement was ...
Champaigne Neena L - - 2009
Gastroesophageal reflux (GER) occurs when gastric contents travel back into the esophagus through the esophageal sphincter. GER is very common in infants with most growing out of it, but some continue to have chronic symptoms throughout childhood and adulthood. A gene for severe pediatric gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) was identified ...
Prontera Paolo - - 2009
A 36-year-old patient with a disorder characterized by severe mental retardation, behavioral problems, dysmorphic face, "muscular build," and hand/foot anomalies, is reported. Following a diagnosis of de novo pericentric inversion of chromosome 8 based on standard cytogenetic analysis, a subsequent 75 kb array-CGH investigation disclosed a deletion spanning for about ...
Ouertani Ines - - 2009
Interstitial deletions of 14q including band 14q31 are uncommon. We report on a 3 year-old Tunisian girl who had a de novo interstitial deletion of the long arm of chromosome 14. The molecular cytogenetic study has identified the deletion as a del(14)(q24.3q32.2) covering nearly 24Mb. This abnormality was associated to ...
Filges Isabel - - 2009
We report on the clinical and cytogenetic findings as well as the array-based characterization of an interstitial familial 13q21 deletion initially recognized by standard karyotyping. Although 13q deletions are known to imply a wide variability of clinical consequences, the deletion carriers of the familial deletion in three generations did not ...
Tzschach Andreas - - 2009
Deletions of chromosome bands 2p11.2 and 2p12 are rare, and only six patients have been reported to date. Here, we report on a 5-year-old girl with an 11.4 Mb interstitial deletion of chromosome bands 2p11.2-p12 and the characterization of this deletion by high-resolution array CGH. The patient presented with mental ...
Yaguchi Shigenori - - 2009
To develop the bunching onion (Allium fistulosum L.; genomes, FF) chromosome-specific genetic markers for identifying extra chromosomes, eight shallot (A. cepa L. Aggregatum group; genomes, AA)--A. fistulosum monosomic addition plants (AA+nF) and 62 shallot--A. fistulosum single-alien deletion plants (AAF-nF) were analyzed by 23 different chromosome-specific genetic markers of shallot. The ...
Seifert H - - 2009
Loss of p53 -- a tumor suppressor gene located on the short arm of chromosome 17 (band 17p13.1) -- was detected in 105 out of 2272 (5%) adult acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients who took part in the Study Alliance Leukemia AML96 and AML2003 multi center trials. There were 85 ...
Tada Masako - - 2009
Chromosomal deletions are widely involved in serious genetic diseases and in the pathogenesis of cancers. These deletions often generate loss of heterozygosity (LOH) of one of the alleles of a tumor suppressor gene. Because of the technical difficulty inherent in genetic manipulation studies of a chromosome-wide deficiency, it has not ...
Morales C - - 2009
Interstitial deletions of the short arm of chromosome 3 are rare, and a specific clinical phenotype has not been defined. We report the first isolated cryptic proximal interstitial 3p deletion, del(3)(p12.3p13), assessed by array-based comparative genomic hybridization in a girl with an inversion of chromosome 7, whose phenotype includes neurodevelopmental ...
Arguedas Deborah - - 2009
The 18q deletion syndrome (18q-) is a chromosomal disorder involving deletion of the distal segment of chromosome 18. Typifying features include poor cerebral myelination, reduced intellectual functioning and developmental delay. The present study reports the case of an 8-year-old girl diagnosed with 18q-, whose genetic analysis revealed a break at ...
Khayat André S - - 2009
BACKGROUND: This study evaluates the existence of numerical alterations of chromosome 17 and TP53 gene deletion in gastric adenocarcinoma. The p53 protein expression was also evaluated, as well as, possible associations with clinicopathological characteristics. METHODS: Dual-color fluorescence in situ hybridization and immunostaining were performed in twenty gastric cancer samples of ...
Traylor Ryan N - - 2009
Of the fewer than 100 cases reported within the literature of constitutional deletions involving the long arm of chromosome 6, only five have been characterized using high-resolution microarray analysis. Reported 6q deletion patients show a high incidence of mental retardation, ear anomalies, hypotonia, and postnatal growth retardation. We report a ...
Yang Chen - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Chromosome 22q11 deletion syndrome (22q11DS) causes a developmental disorder during the embryonic stage, usually because of hemizygous deletions. The clinical pictures of patients with 22q11DS vary because of polymorphisms: on average, approximately 93% of affected individuals have a de novo deletion of 22q11, and the rest have inherited the ...
Manolakos Emmanouil - - 2009
Jacobsen syndrome (JBS) is a rare chromosomal disorder leading to multiple physical and mental impairment. This syndrome is caused by a partial deletion of chromosome 11, especially subband 11q24.1 has been proven to be involved. Clinical cases may easily escape diagnosis, however pancytopenia or thrombocytopenia may be indicative for JBS. ...
Talseth-Palmer B A - - 2009
Children with intellectual disability, dysmorphic features, malformations and/or growth abnormalities frequently display normal karyotypes. Recent studies have shown that genome-wide single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) arrays can be effective in detecting abnormalities involving copy number variation (CNV), deletions, duplications and loss of heterozygosity (LOH) that routine cytogenetic tests fail to identify. ...
Markouri Margharita - - 2008
We report the clinical and genetic evaluation of a 2-year-old Greek female with striking phenotypic similarities to the three previously published cases of Okamoto syndrome. The main features were characteristic facies, cleft palate, generalized hypotonia, severe developmental delay, congenital hydronephrosis, and congenital heart defects. Routine chromosome testing and whole-genome high-resolution ...
Gunn Shelly R - - 2009
We used BAC array-based CGH to detect genomic imbalances in 187 CLL cases. Submicroscopic deletions of chromosome 22q11 were observed in 28 cases (15%), and the frequency of these deletions was second only to loss of the 13q14 region, the most common genomic aberration in CLL. Oligonucleotide-based array CGH analysis ...
Zollino Marcella - - 2008
Based on genotype-phenotype correlation analysis of 80 Wolf-Hirschhorn syndrome (WHS) patients, as well as on review of relevant literature, we add further insights to the following aspects of WHS: (1) clinical delineation and phenotypic categories; (2) characterization of the basic genomic defect, mechanisms of origin and familiarity; (3) identification of ...
Descartes Maria - - 2008
Here we report on a patient with an interstitial deletion on the long(q) arm of chromosome 1 who presents with a unique constellation of anomalies including brachydactyly type E, Müllerian agenesis, growth hormone deficiency, as well as other abnormalities. We present the clinical details of this patient's presentation, the skeletal ...
Mdzin R - - 2008
Interstitial deletions of the long arm of chromosome 4 are rare. The deletions may occur at the proximal or the distal portions of the chromosome and different breakpoints may be involved. We report an interstitial deletion of 4q: 46XY der 4 (q28;q35) in a six-year-old boy with dysmorphic features associated ...
Fernandez Thomas V - - 2008
3p deletion syndrome is a rare disorder involving developmental delay, dysmorphic physical features, and growth retardation. Molecular mapping of several cases in the literature have identified a critical region on chromosome 3p26. We present a child patient with characteristic features of 3p deletion syndrome and a de novo unbalanced translocation ...
Quélin Chloé - - 2009
13q deletion is characterized by a wide phenotypic spectrum resulting from a partial deletion of the long arm of chromosome 13. The main clinical features are mental retardation, growth retardation, craniofacial dysmorphy and various congenital defects. Only one recent Italian study was aimed at determining genotype-phenotype correlations among 13q deletions ...
Benetti Elisa - - 2009
GATA3 gene encodes a transcription factor expressed during thymus, liver, kidney, adrenal gland, central and peripheral nervous systems, placenta and T lymphocytes embryonic development. Mutations of GATA3 cause Hypoparathyroidism, sensorineural Deafness and Renal dysplasia syndrome (HDR). We report the case of a girl with a terminal deletion of the short ...
Takahashi Tadashi - - 2008
We established a technique for efficiently generating large chromosomal deletions in the koji molds Aspergillus oryzae and A. sojae by using a ku70-deficient strain and a bidirectional marker. The approach allowed deletion of 200-kb and 100-kb sections of A. oryzae and A. sojae, respectively. The deleted regions contained putative aflatoxin ...
Goumy C - - 2008
We present the prenatal diagnosis of a chromosome 11q14.3-q22.1 deletion identified in three generations without apparent phenotypic consequences. A 25-year-old G2, P1 woman underwent amniocentesis at 15 weeks' gestation because of a positive result for Down syndrome maternal serum-screening test (1/70). The fetal karyotype revealed an interstitial deletion of the ...
Sulong Sarina - - 2009
Inactivation of the tumor suppressor gene, CDKN2A, can occur by deletion, methylation, or mutation. We assessed the principal mode of inactivation in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and frequency in biologically relevant subgroups. Mutation or methylation was rare, whereas genomic deletion occurred in 21% of B-cell precursor ALL and 50% ...
Shimojima Keiko - - 2009
From the investigation by microarray-based comparative genomic hybridization (aCGH), a new syndrome with "atypical" proximal interstitial deletion of 1p36.23-36.11 has been suggested. Here, we report on an 8.5-year-old girl with psychomotor developmental delay and a dysmorphic appearance. Although her G-banded chromosomal analysis showed inv(3)(p14.1q26.2), detailed FISH analyses denied pathogenic deletions ...
Leone Paola E - - 2008
PURPOSE: Deletions of chromosome 1 have been described in 7% to 40% of cases of myeloma with inconsistent clinical consequences. CDKN2C at 1p32.3 has been identified in myeloma cell lines as the potential target of the deletion. We tested the clinical impact of 1p deletion and used high-resolution techniques to ...
Ala-Mello Sirpa - - 2008
The oculoauriculovertebral anomaly (OAV) or Goldenhar syndrome is a malformation complex that has been described in several chromosomal rearrangements. Among them a deletion of the terminal 5p has recurred in seven previous patients. We wish to report on an additional such patient in order to reinforce the significance of this ...
Nagano Atsushi J - - 2008
We have designed a novel tiling array, AtMap1, for genomic deletion mapping. AtMap1 is a 60-mer oligonucleotide microarray consisting of 42 497 data probes designed from the genomic sequence of Arabidopsis thaliana Col-0. The average probe interval is 2.8 kb. The performance of the AtMap1 array was assessed using the ...
Roos Andreas - - 2008
Chromosome 13 deletions are associated with widely varying phenotypes but the clinical picture nearly almost includes mental and growth retardation, craniofacial dysmorphisms, and/or malformations. Several attempts have been made to link monosomy 13q intervals with specific clinical features, but a genotype-phenotype correlation could not be delineated. We report on a ...
Doco-Fenzy Martine - - 2008
Interstitial 2q36 deletion is a rare event. We report on a patient with a de novo del(2)(q36.2q36.3) interstitial deletion of the long arm of chromosome 2 diagnosed by classical banding. The phenotype comprised facial dysmorphism, enlarged kidneys with multiple renal cysts, abnormal minora labia, asymmetric lower limbs with dysplastic patella, ...
Mulatinho Milene - - 2008
We report on a 25-year-old male with mental retardation and global developmental delay, low levels of total and LDL cholesterol and dysmorphism, which includes macrocephaly, hypertelorism, synophrys, telecanthus, prominent philtrum, low set ears, bilateral cataracts, bilateral cleft lip with cleft palate and widely spaced nipples. While his karyotype and subtelomeric ...
Kulharya Anita S - - 2008
Approximately, 20 cases of interstitial deletions of 9q have been reported in the literature spanning the breakpoints from 9q21 to 9q34. Unlike the 9q subtelomeric deletions, the interstitial deletions do not demonstrate a specific recognizable phenotype, although the majority of patients had microcephaly. Lack of precise molecular delineation of the ...
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